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Potash as Necessary as Rain
The quality and quantity of the
crops depend, on a sufficiency of
in the soil. Fertilizers which are
low in Potash will never produce
Ercry fanner should be familiar with th?
proper proportions of ingr?dients that go to
make the best fertilizers for every land of
crop. We have published a series of books,
containing' the latest researches on this all
important subject, which we will send free
if voa ask, Write now while you think of
it b thfc*?"v
CERXAX KALI WORKS
Ser Tork-9? S?m Street, or
Atlanta, Ga.-22% South Broad Street.
e y?awi/ yoong Mn
FOR GOOD POSITIONS
GUARANTEED IN WRITING.
800 FBFP SCHOLARSHIPS 0PFEB5D
V VV a lt ?? Sm WRITE TC-OAY TO
CA.-ALA. BUS. COLLEGE, MACON. QA
WE WANT ALL INTERESTED SN
TO HAVE OUR KAM? BEFORE THEM
Write us stating'what kind of
MACHINERY you use or will
install, and we will mall you
FREE OF ALL COST
A HANDSOME ANO USEFUL
POCKET DIARY AND ATLAS
OR A LARGE
Gibbes Machinery Company,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
A STOCK OF HORSE POWER HAT
PRESSES TO BE CLOSED OUT AT
TIE FIRST NATIONAL Bil
of Sumter, S. C.
THE Comptroller of the Currency hav
j ing approved the increase of the Capital
of this Bank to $100,000.00, depositors
now have as security for their deposits :
Capital, - - $100,000 00
Stockholders' Individual Lia?
bility, - - - '00,000 OG
Surplus and Undivided Prof?
its, - - - 26,000 00
Total Security for Depositors, $225,000 00
ONLY NATfOPLA BANK fe CITY OF SUMTER.
Largest Capital of any Bank in this
section of South Carolina.
Strongest Bank in Eastern part of this
Interest allowed on deposits to a limited
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
A. J. CHINA, President.
NEILL O'DONNELL, Vice President.
H. D. BARNETT, B. D. LEE,
<5. A. LEMMON, JOHN REID,
\ E. P. RICKER.
R. L. EE MUNDS, Cashier.
R. D. LEE, Solicitor.
J. ??. McCvlium, D. J. Winn, Jr.
Oliver L. Yates.
Orfffiaal *"<-; Oaly Genuine.
ATE. Ajwmwiyj?uM?. Lm?m?, ?rt- Pm art it
fer CHICHESTER** KNGUSH
la KZD ?a-I Gola nteuUie box*. Mmiwl
irith Ma? ribbon. 1 ?kc BO other. Kef cse
P??CW? Svbatlfotlon? ord late?.
Slew. Bar cf TOOT or ?nd 4c ia
?"??P? for Partiealur*, Testimonia'
** "ReScT for Latte** tm^r^bTre
TamSSsil. KMN'OTiuhoiiohii. Soidbt
.,_*.i Dn?cim. ChlcbMter Chen leal C?;
THE BANK OF SUMTER,
SUMTER, S. C.
City and County Depository.
?Capital stock paid in, $75,000 00
"Undivided surplus, 16,000 00
Individual liability of stockhold?
ers in excess of their stock, 75,000 00
Transacts a general banking business;
also has a Saving Bank Department. De ?
posits of $1 and upward received. Inter
?est allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
annum, payable semi-annually.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH, President.
R. L MASXXSG, W. p. RHJLME,
TIE SUMTER SAVINGS ?AI.
HORACE HARBY, President.
I. C. STRAUSS. vice-President.
GEO. L. BICKER, Cashier.
Capital Stock, ? $25,000
Liability of Stockholders, 25,000
For the transaction of business is afford?
ed those who deposit their money with
The Sumter Savings Bank,
Im portant pa pers can be drawn up and
signed in a private room set aside for use
of our clients and any information de
sired will be cheerfully furnished by the
Savings deposited here draw interest at
the rate of 4 per cent per annum. $1.00
will open an account and secure a bank
* BOT STILL IN THE RING.
Japanese Report that Russian Bat?
tleship has Been Damaged
but is Still Afloat.
Tokio, Dec. 15.-A telegram from
Port Arthur announces definitely
that the Russian battleship Sevasto?
pol, against which Admiral Togo
bas been directing torpedo boat at?
tacks, bas bee? seriously damaged, but
is still afloat.
Savastopol Totally Disabled.
London, Dec. 15.-Baron Hayashi,
the Japanese minister, has issued a
telegram in which it is stated that
the bow of the Russian battleship
Sevastopol has* been sunk and her
torpedo tubes submerged.
Athens, .Greece, Dec 16.-It is re?
ported that all vessels of the Russian
Baltic fleet intend to return to Pier
aeus, Greece, instead of proceeding to
Chefoo, Dec. 16.-Seven Russians
have arrived here from Port Arthur
with dispatches to be lorwarded to St.
Petersburg. They are reticent con?
cerning conditions at Port Arthur
Tokio, Dec 1.-A telegram from Port
Arthur states that 'General Stoessel
has opened negotiations with General
Nogi to obtain protection for the hos?
pital inside the fortifications during
the bombardment. He has furnished
Gen. Nogi with a plan of the forti?
fication, indicating the position of
-St. Petersburg, Dec. 19.-Gen. Ku
ropatkin reports that mines laid by
volunteers* near a Japanese outpost
exploded, inflicting several casualties
on Japanese. Artillery fire is ex?
changed daily but no engagements of
Tokio. Dec. 19.-Offiieial reports
from Port Arthur this morning state
that the Russians have abandoned the
batleships Peresveit, Poltava, Pobieda
and Retvizan and the cruisers Pal?
lada and Bayau, which have been
completely disabled by shells., fired
from Two Hundred and Three Metre
Hill by Gen. Xogi's guns.
PLOT AGAINST CZAR.
Manchester, Dec. 19.-A dispatch
reports that Russian secret agents' dis?
covered a plot against the czar which
originated in England. Two of the per?
sons suspected of having connection
weth the plot have left the c'ountry
and it is feared difficulty will be ex?
perienced in loting them, due to the
great unrest in Russia.
L?WSOrS FRENZIED FIANCE.
Boston Speculator Pushing Wall
Street Operators Hard and Fast.
Boson. Mass., Dec. 15.-Thomas W.
Lawson issued another so-called warn?
ing about noon. It reads :
"To my oldfriends in Wall street:
I am going to be at gas hearing un?
til 3 p. m. In meautime don't miss
your opportunity given by frenzied
financiers of Amalgamated copper.
Remember an opportunity knocks but
once, and those who doubt or hesi?
tate miss their chance of being in?
troduced to the old lady. The time
to sell Amalgamated fis when you
have a market not when the other
fellow has it."
Boston, Dec. 15.-The rumor cur?
rent in London stock exchange
circles this morning that Thomas W.
Lawson had been assassinated was
without foundation. A Publisher's
Press representive saw him this morn?
ing. When told of the rumor Mr.
Lawson made this characteristic re?
ply: "I'm not completely assassinat?
New York, Dec. 17.-Col. Wm. C.
Geene, who had such ? a friendly
meeting with Thomas W. Lawson, in
Boston yesterday is back in town, fie
said, "Everything was smoothed
ont, Lawson and I found that we
were not liars, but good fellows.
Rowell Regrets Shooting.
London. Dec. 17.-The bearing in
the appeal of the United States against
the decision of Judge Caron of Quebec
in the case of John F. Gaynor and
Benj. D. Greene, who are charged
with complicity in the Savannah har?
bor frauds was completed before the
privy council today. The Privy Coun?
cil reserved its decision. Gaynor and
Greere fled to Canada when they
were indicted and Judge Caron re?
fused to grant extradition papers.
THREE STUDENTS ARRESTED.
St. Petersburg burg, Dec. 19.- Des?
patches received today from Moscow
state that the casualties in the anti?
war demanstration in which 3.000 stu?
dents participated yesterday were four
persons killed and sixty injured. Three
?Lv.-i. " -* ?t 'H .. ned by the police.
New Haven, Conn., Dec. 17.-The
steamer Glenn Island which was
burned last night, causing the death
of nine persons was used for excur?
sions and carried 2,200 passengers,
when loaded to ibe capacity. Nothing
but the fact that there is light traffic
now pevented a terribie losa of life.
Washington, Dec. 17. --S. S. Kuab
enaiiue, of Toledo editor of the
Blade has been appointed United
States consul at Belfast Ireland, to fill
the vacancv caused bv the death of
W. W. Touvells.
Charleston, West Va,, Dec. 15.
The suspension bridge over Elk river
collapsed this morning, carrying down
a nomber of school children. Three
bodies have r?een recovered. Three
teams1 were on the bridge at the
time. The river is frozen over.
INSURANCE IN SOUTH HAROUN!.
The Charge that Rates Have Been
Raised by the Southeastern
Tarriff Association Denied
by Insurance Men.
ByW. H McCaw.
Columbia, Dec. 17.-Well informed
fire insurance meu here are laughing
at the complaints which have been
comings in to the comptroller general
to th3 effect that since the act of the
legislature allowed the Southeastern
? Tariff association to reenter the State
the rates have been raised instead of
lowered. They declare that the fav?
orable laws which the legislature pass?
ed protecting the Insurance people
against incendiary fires have resulted
in this State getting better basis rates
than is enjoyed by any other Southern
State with the single exception of
North Carolina, which has even more
And yet there seems to be little
room for doubt that in the case of a
number of individual pieces of proper?
ty throughout the State there has
been material increases "in the rates.
For iustance, in the case of a busi?
ness building of importance on Main
street here in Columbia your corres?
ponded knows of the risk being
taken at rates as low as half that
given in the official rate book. The
owner of the building who is a shrewd
business man opened the business to
competition and he got results. The
insurance men explain this by saying
that this being a new building and
there being no association rating of
the town the agents got the business
at the rates allowed by neglecting to
report the ways in which the proper?
ty was exposed and thus escaping
the penalties. The pracatical result
to the owner however was the saving
of a neat sum of money. On he other
hand I have been pointd to a number
of instances in which the rates were
lowered by the owners getting the
benefits of an official rating. The j
matter will doubtless be full}' aired
at the coming session of the legisla?
ture. It is an important question
affecting the pocket book of every city
and town in the Sate. The impression
prevails in spite of the insurance men,
and it is growing stronger, that the
Southeastern Tariff Association's
r^cenly into the field has been follow?
ed by an average raise in the rates, re?
solutions of the executive committee
of the association and arguments about
extra hazards to the contrary not?
At the stamping office of the asso?
ciation here the changes in the basis
rates were pointed out to me from the
official rate book which carries on the
fly-leaf the resolution of the executive
committee adopted last April in favor I
of reduction in view of the act of
the legisature providing for official
investigation of fire losses. The dwell?
ing rate which has been for years 75
cents in the basis has been reduced to
60 cents for second class towns such as
Columbia, Spartanburg, Greenville,
Anderson, Newberry, Sumter, Laurens
and the like. Charleston, the only
town in the State taking a first class
rating, ia in the jurisdiction of the
Atlanta stamping office. In third class
towns, those which have practically
no fire protection, the rate bas been
reduced from $1 to 90 cents. On brick
and metal buildings in second class
towns there has been a reduction of
5 cents to 70 cents, and frame mercan?
tile risks in the same cites have gone
down from $2.50 to $2.25; while brick
and mercantile risks in third class
towns have gone to 90 cents from $1,
and frame mercantile from S3 to
$2.75; in fourth class towns the brick
and metal mercantile have been re?
duced from $1.75 to $1.50, and the
frame mercantile from $3.50 to $3.25.
The new rating does not affect spe?
cial hazards, such as oil mills, saw
mills and manufacturing risks of all
kinds, which enjoy the same rates as
prevail in other states.
"It is not true that the rates have
been raised," said Mr. J. J. Seibels,
who spoke .in the absence of his
brother and partner. Mr. E. G. Sei?
bels, who is a member of the execu?
tive committee of the associa?
tion. Both are thorough insurance
men. "On the contrary there have
been great reductions. All dwelling
and mercantile risks have been reduc?
ed in the basis, and any increase in
the rate anywhere is due to an increase
in the hazard. There has been no
other increase and nonets contemplat?
"The difficulty with mest individuals
who have a grievance lies in the fact
that they have various exposure of defi?
ciency charges or both, which only
they can remedy, and which so long
as thev exist will be penalized to cover
the additional loss ratio which the
companies find that they cause. The
average man who constructs a mill of
any kind suits his own convenisnce
without thought of the fire hazard
and the consequences to himself and
his neighbors, but rails at the com?
panies for rates which were based
solely upon conditions as they are
"One great advantage of the asso?
ciation's reentry into the State is
this: If a man building anything,
from a dwelling to a gin-house, will
apply to the association he can get
plans and specifications showing that
consruction which the experinece of
underwriters generally and expert
statisticians! in that line demonstrates
is best fitted to resist fire either from
interior origin or exterior exposure.
The office here will also lay out for
anyone who requests it a complete
system of fire protection or sprinkler
equipment, which will enable that
builder to get the lowest possible
rate promulgated-the basis rate with?
out penalty for faults of construction
such as inadequate thickness of walls,
unprotected openings, stairways, ele?
vators and other details. All of this
maj* be had for the asking without
one cent of ^expense. Today there is in
Columbia an expert laying out the fire
protection and giving other directions
and details for the equipment of a
large manuafcturing plant which will
secure the basis rate. Plants of like
nature costing approximately the same
will probably have to pay from 10 to
25 per cent, hicher rat^."
By way of illustrating the points be
was trying to stress Mr. Seibels point?
ed out that the rate on the thirteen
storv building he was being inter?
viewed in was 50 cents as against a
rate of 83-65 ou the less modern build?
ing it supplanted.
Businsss Men of Clarendon Work
ing to Secure Advantages of
We mentioned last week the prospec
tive electric railway from Wright'
Bluff through Summerton to Manning.
This is no dream, but a stern reality,
the progressive business men of the
Santee section together with some in
Manning, and some outside capital
are in earnest about it. On Tuesday
of last week a meeting was held in
Summerton which was very siatisfac
tory. A number who were expected
did not arrive, but wrote letters ap?
proving the scheme: several of these
letters came from prominent business
men in Georgetown and Columba. At
the snggestion of many of those who
could not attend the first meeting, it
was decided to hold another tomor?
row. At the meeting tomorrow it is
expected that a number from Charles?
ton, Georgetown, Columbia and Man?
ning will be present and it is arrang?
ed to take the visitors in carriages
through the section proposed, in order
that they may obtain an idea of the
value of the.country.
We would not be- surprised, within
the next year to realize an opening to
the water route by means of an elec?
tric railroad. The men behind this
movement know the county and its
possibilities, and with the proper en?
couragement from those who should
be interetsed Manning and the entire
Santee section will be unbottled, and
put in a position to get freight rates
on all merchandise. Every farmer and
merchant should feel an interest in
this project, as its success means
much for them. When we first heard
of the scheme we thought like many
others that "there was nothing to it"
but we are of a different view now,
and are convinced that if the people
of this section will pull together this
railroad can and will be built.-Man?
A Pleasant Pill.
No Pill is a? pleasant and positive as
De Witt's Little'Early Risers. De Witt's
Little Early Sisers are eomiid and effective
that children, delicate ladies and weak
people enjoy their cleansing effect while
strong people say they are the best liver
pills sold. Sold by O. B. Davis.
The investigation into the Swayne
case shows that forty federal judges
have been guilty of excessive charges
in traveling expenses as receivers.
! By saving two old papers that
looked worthless, Mrs. Helen M.
Fulton will receive $2,300 for them
by the state of South Carolina.
stimulate the TORPID LIVER,
strengthen the digestive organs,
regulate the bowels, and are un?
equaled as an
In malarial districts their virtues
are widely recognized, as they pos?
sess peculiar properties in freeing
the system from that poison. Ele?
gantly sugar coated.
Take No Substitute.
Writing Life Insurance In The
Penn Mutual insurance Go.
1BERAL contracts to live agents
' in unoccupied territory.
General Agent, Sumter, S. G.
23 South Main St.
Open from 7 a. m. to 10 p.
m. ; Sunday, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m.
Having consolidated my two
stores, I will be pleased to see
all my customers at the above
stand, where I am better pre?
pared than ever to serve them.
Your prescriptions will be
called for and delivered.
Full line of Drugs, GardeD
Seed and Cigars.
Your patronage solicited.
Call bell for night work.
^ W*> promptly obtain U. S. and Foreign
'Send model, sketch or photo of iiivertion foi1
free report on patentability. For free book, '
Opposite U. S. Patent Office
/?Vegetable Pr epara?ionfor As?
ting thc Slomaciis aral Bowels of
ness andRest.Contains neither
Opium,Morph?ne nor Mineral.
^SOT NARC OTIC
frapc o? OkinrSAIfUEL PITCHER
Pumpkin Sca?~ .
?lx.Smna * \
Peppermint - )
?perfecl Remedy fcrCons?pa
Fion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish?
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature oF
Afb monlks old
J 5 Dos KS -13 CENTS
EXACT COPY OF WR?PPER.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Thirty Years \
-Hi :rNT?i" eoMMRY. NEW YORK CTY.
WHISKEY I MORPHINE I CIGARETTE I ALL DR?C AND TOBACCO
HABIT. j HABIT. j HABIT. | HABITS.
Cured by Keeley Institute of S. C.
1329 Lady St., (or P.O. Box]75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspondence solicited
We are now offering the magnificent plantation known as
Shady Side, containing 750 acres, situated 3? miles West of
Sumter. This place has a nice 8-room dwelling, thirteen ten?
ant houses, and a fine orchard. In fact 'tis an ideal home for
you. Better see us about it
WHITE & MCCALLUM,
Real Estate and Insurance Agents,
PHONE NO. 143. SUJffTEE, S- C. OFFICE NO. 18 S. MAIN ST.
The First of the Season.
A choice car load of horses and
mules just received and need sell?
ing'. Among them are some extra
nice drivers, some good smoothe,
full made work horses and a few
nice mules.* All young and
sound. I will appreciate a look
from you whether you are ready
to buy or not.
A. D. HARBY.
Car horses and mules due
to arrive Friday Oct. 14th.
Bought in St. Louis, at the World's Fair,
conceded to be the largest horse and
mule market in the U. S. If you want a
good selection see this bunch before they
! are picked over.
Several choice drivers and family broke
! Ten (IO) smooth young mules.
South Carolina Rust Proof seed oats, the
heaviest on the market, 65c per bushel.
Booth Live Stock Co.