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Transmission of Electric Power.
Aceordiag to tbe Electrical Bedew
Niagara yal Isp s already, tee greatest
-.distributing point in the world for
electric water power, and it seems
likely to become the gea test ?source
of transmitted power presently.
Plants in operation at the falls are
new delivering nearly 120,COO horse
power at full load, and only one
fourth ot this gets as far away as
Buffalo, a distance of -20 miles.
"The plants now under contraction
at Niagara are designed to add more
than one-half million horse power to
the generating capacity there, and
much of this firent - increase must be
transmitted in order to find a market.
-Evidence to support this popositiou is
found in the fact that it has required
^nearly eight years to build" up a load
of less than one hundred thousand
horse power for the larger of the
plants now in operation, and the
smaller plant is older than this.
With his great power available at Ni?
agara Falls, the distances between
it jod some large - centers of popula?
tion are of prime importiince in their
tearing on the qestion of transmis?
sion. Fortunately many of these dis?
tances are within the commercial ?j
leach of electric lines at high volt- \
ages. It is interesting; to consider \
also tor a moment some large cities 'jj
that are apparently beyond the range \
of economic transmission in ike pre- ;
sect state of the art. Draw a ?ixle
with a radius of 500 miles about
Niagara Falls, Aand the"! cities of'Mon?
treal, 'Boston, New. York, Washing?
ton* Cincinnati, Indianapolis and
Chicago are included. While the
transmission of power to a distance of
SOO miles is not commercially practi?
cable under ordinary conditions, in
the present state of tba art, i<; would
fae- rash to say that the thing may not
he done within a decade. A circle of
300 miles about Niagara Falls Just
misses Montreal and Ne? Tors: city,
sad includes Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Washington, Columbus, Toledo and
Detroit, even this distance is some?
what beyond the present commercial
limits nf transmission to points,
where coal is cheap, but a moderate
impovement in transmission methods
maj well suffice to bring energy from
STiagata Falls into the streets of
!New York city. Within 300 miles of
the falls are Utica, Scranton, Pitts?
burgh sand Cleveland, and Harrisburg
and Detroit are just beyond this
limit Whether the transmission of
Niagara power to distances as great as
200 miles will pay under existing con?
ditions is a question that fairly admits
of different opinions. A definite an?
swer can only be given for each case
- when ail of the factors that enter in
-$o i? are considered. Precedent is not
Jacking for such a transmission, be
canse Sn one instance at least, that
of the line between the Sabla power?
house and Susalito. across the Gol?
den Gate from San Francisco, electri?
cal energy is now being delivered at a
point 232 miles from the place where
it is generated.
"Narrowing the circle about the
.Niagara cataract to a radius of 150
miles still includes Syracuse, Elmira,
Oil City and. ?shtabula. This dis?
tance is one over which thousands of
horse power are dally transmitted
from the Sierra Nevada mountains
to San Fauci seo, Oakland and the
?maller places about the shores of San
Pablo and San Francesco bay. Many
engineers can no doubl; be found to
contend both for and against the pio
pesition that such transmissions can
be repeated in New York, Pennsylva?
nia and Ohio at a profit Tue truth
probably is, however, that with fav
orable conditions as to volumes of
power and hours of service a trans?
mission over 150 miles may bo expect?
ed'to show a fair return on the invest?
ed capital even in the territory just
named. "Witbin.100 miles of Niagara
Falls are Toronto, Rochester, Buffalo,
Sile, Hamilton and a mc Ul tu de of
smaller cities and tovrns. Ii can
Hardly be controverted that Niagara
?power in large units may be success
felly transmitted as much as one han?
ded miles in competition with steam.
?An example much nearer than Cali?
fornia an be found to support of this
conclusion. The place is Montreal,
and into it comes 5,000 horse power
from Shawinigan Falls, some eighty
four miles away.
Washington, Dec. IC-Representa?
tive Baker of New York ' whose reso?
lutions; to investigate the Steel Trust,
vere recently tabled today introduced
resolutions aimed at the beef trust
It requests the Attorney General to
report to the house whether he ascer?
tained that the so-called beef trust is
ia restraint of trade, and, if so, what
elope have been taken to cause the
forfeiture of property in course of
transportation from one state to an?
other of these parties constituting the |
so-called beef trust.
? Certain Cure For Croup.
When a child show? symptoms? of cioip
there is no time to experiment with new
remedies, no matter hov highly they maj
be recommended. There is one preparation
that can always be depended upou. It has
been in use for many years and ha* never
been known to fail, viz: Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. Mr M. F. Compton of
Market Texas, says of it, "I have used
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy in revere
eases of croup with my children and can
truthfully say it always giv*?s prompt
relief." For sate by all Druggists?.
Newport Newe, Va., Dec. 15.
Customs officers at Old Point are re
rted to have seized on board the U.
Cruiser San Francisco a rich store
of smuggled goods, including silks,
Agars, china and ostrich feathers.
i The value of the goods seized can?
not be ascertained, the officials de?
clining to discuss the matter further
than to admit that the confiscation
?as made. The seizure was effected
inst as the San Francisco was about
lo sail for Norfolk.
Tight Will Be Bitter.
Those who will persist m closing their
ears against the continual recom-jaenda
tioa of Dr. King's Kew Discovery for
Consumption, will have a long and bitter
fight with their troubles, if not ended earlier
by fatal termination. Read what T. R.
Beall of BealL, Miss, has to say: "Last
fall my wife had every symptom of
Consumption. She took Dr. King's New
Discovery after everything else had failed. j
Improvement came at once and four
bottles entirely cured her; Guaranteed by ?
W. DeLorme, druggist. Price 5\
and $1X0. Trial bottle fret.
Carnegie Willing to Testify.
New York, Dec. 14.-That Andrew
Carnegie is willing to appear against
Mrs. Chadwick when his health has
sufficiently improved was made clear
in a statement given out today at Mr.
Canegie's residence by his secretary.
"Mr. Carnegie's only reason for not
going to Clevelaand at this time has
already been given," said the secre?
tary. "Bis health will not admit of
his taking the tip save at consid?rale
risk, as his physician has already said
he is suffering from lumbago.
"He as been willing to make a de?
position at his home and later, on his
return from Florida, he will lend his
assistance and be p?sent to -testify
at auy subsequent proceeding, such as
a trial, whenever his testimony ?B
needed. His one and only reason for
not going to Cleveland now is that he
is unable to stand the journey in this
May Become a Branch of West
CLolninbia, Dec. 1-.The proposi?
tion to remove the Citadel to Colum?
bia, or at least unite that institution
with the South Carolina college, is
still being discussed by the various
trustees of the different colleges as a
matter that wil? receive attention
at the nest session c? the general
assembly. State Superintendent Mar?
tin, since the affair has received so
much attention, Will say little about
it for publication as yet, as h A desires
to secure his figures representation
to the general assembly, or to the
trustees of the two colleges should
tliey be desired. At prsent, he is
compiling a list of the various
branches of learning that could be
added to the South Carolina college
with the 'Citadel appropriation in ad?
dition to that which the former al?
ready h aa
A new idea bas been suggested,
however, that may be carried through
successfully, and that is to ' make
Charleston united in an effort for a
state university. The idea is to con?
vince the United States government of
the high standing of the Citadel and
secure an appropriation from the gov?
ernment for a sort of branch school of
West Point or Annapolis. Senator
Tillman, as a leading member of the
naval committee of the senate, could,
with his influence, aid very material
ly in sceuring this for Charleston and
that city would be helped instead of
injured hythe change, and the pro?
posed more could be carried through.
The suggestion was made today by
one who had given the matter cocsid
erable thought and one who was a
friend of both institutions, and, in
fact, a graduate of the Citadel.
Cadet Expelled for Theft.
Greenville. Dec. 14.-After expell?
ing one of the cadets for stealing it
was learned from private correspond?
ence recieved in this city todav that
the faculty of Clemson College liter?
ally held up the entire corps several
days ago and with the assist?
ance of military discipline searched
the rooms of every cadet in the bar?
racks in an effort to find other stolen
articles and fix the responsibility.
The search was frnitless. The inves?
tigation was carried out by the six
cadet captains, assisted by their
lieutenants each officer searching bis
The name of the cadet who was ex?
pelled is not known here. The
students submitted to the search with?
out protest, so far as could be leaned.
It is certain there was no physical
It should be borne in mind that
every cold weakens the lungs, low?
ers the vitality and prepares the
system for the more serious dis?
eases, among which are the two
greatest destroyers of human life,
pneumonia and consumption.
has won its great popularity by its
prompt cures of this most common
ailment. It aids expectoration, re?
lieves the lungs and opens the
secretions, effecting a speedy and
permanent cure. It counteracts
any tendency toward pneumonia.
^Price 25c Large Size
The Strongest, the Simplest and most
econ?mica] of all Stump Pullers.
Try it before you pav for it. Guaran?
teed to pull your stumps or no pa v asked
Write for Free Booklet giving terms
The Champion Stump Poller Go.,
?J-8-.T COLUMBIA. S. C.
Atlantic Coast Line announce rare J
of one and one-third firRt class fares i
(minimum rate 50 cents). Tickers j
will be placed on sale December ?3d, j
24th, 25th, 31st, and January 1st, 1905. >
Final limit returning to January 4th, i
To teachers and students of colleges,
on presentation and surrender of cer- j
tificates signed by superintendents, j
presidents or principals, tickets j
may be sold at the above rate, Decent- ?
ber 17tb, to 24th, inclusive, with final I
limit returning to January 8th, 1905. j
For full information, call on ticket j
agents, or address,
H. M. Emerson, Traffic Manager
orW. J- Craig, G. P. A., Wilmington, ?
Do not take chances on it wearing away or experiment with some unknown preparation
which may leave the bronchial tubes and lungs weakened and susceptible to attack from
the germs of Pneumonia or Consumption.
not only stops the cough but heals and strengthens the lungs and prevents serious results
from a cold. Contains no opiates.
lt Saved His Life After the Doctor Said
He Had Consumption.
W. R. Davis, Vissalia, California, writes: "There is no doubt but
what Foley's Money and Tar saved my life. I had an awful cough
on my lungs and the doctor told me I had consumption. I commenced
taking Foley's Honey and Tar and found relief from the first and
three bottles cured me completely."
A Policeman's Testimony.
J. N. Patterson, night policeman, of Nashua, Iowa, writes: 4'Last
winter I had a bad cold on my lungs and tried at least a half-dozen
advertised cough medicines and had treatment from two physicians
without getting any benefit. A friend recommended Foley's Honey
and Tar and two-thirds of a bottle cured me. I consider it the
greatest cough and lung medicine in the world."
Three sizes-25c, 50c and $1.00. The 50-cent size contains two and one-half times as much as the small size and the
$1.00 bottle almost six times as much. Refuse Substitutes?
SOLD AND RECOMMENDED BY
JFLl DR.TJG COMPAKT
Southeastern Lime & Cement
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Brade Roofing "SOBERBIO."
Feb "o ?
Sewing Machines from $10 Up.
Organs from $25 Up.
Pianos, Upright, from $150. *
SOLD FOR CASH OR ON EASY TERMS.
Sewing Machine Needles of all kinds kept on hand
We are headquarters for all kinds of Sewing Machine Sup?
plies ; all kinds of Musical Supply Goods, such as Strings for
Guitars, Yiolins, Banjos, and Mandolins.
Call and See Us in Our Mew Quarters,
and we will make a customer of you. We want your trade and
will treat you right
Bring in your Organs and Sewing Machines and we will
Make them as Good as Kew at Seasonable Prices.
All repair work guaranteed. We are here to stay. Call and
see us in the Masonic Building, next door to Post Office.
SUMTER MUSIC HOUSE,
sept H M. B. B?NDLE.
Account Special Excursion,
January 4=5, 1904.
? The Atlantic Coast Line will sell round trip tickets from
Sumter at rate $40 25 including meals and berths on P. & O
Co's, steamers. Tickets to be sold Jan. 4th, and for train pass?
ing Charleston Jan. 5rh, as will connect will steamer leaving
Port Tampa night of Jan. 5th. Tickets will be limited for re?
turn passage on any steamer leaving Havana until Jan. 19th,
1904, with privilege of stop overs at any point in state of
Florida south of Jacksonville, within final limit of ticket which
will be Jan. 22nd, 1905. For information apply to
W. J. Craig, G. P. A. J. T. China,
Wilmington, N. C. Sumter, S. C. j
Having sacrificed 30 lots this November sales
day, we propose to give you one more chance
to buy a home in City of Sumter at auction on
SALESDAY IN JANUARY,
MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1905,
At Sumter C. H., S. C., promptly at 12 m.
We Offer 55 More
of those elegant lots on Manning Avenue.
High and dry and the besl location in the city.
Terms 1-3 cash, balance, 1 and 2 years. 50x150
feet. Will supply you money to build, ii you
pay for lot.
The Investment of a Lifetime.
Pays better than bank stock or bonds, doubles
in value every year. All titles guaranteed and
warranted by &aj. Marion Moise. Don't miss
this sale. Plats furnished free.
H. L. B. WELL5, Att'y.
Sumter, S. C., Nov. 7,1904.
W.i BOWMAN, Prest. 6. W. BOSH, Sec. Ste <
The Sumter Banking
& Mercantile Company/
Sumter, 3. Q.
**^#^**Capital Stock $50,000?**^^
Wholesale Grocers, Fertilize
ers and Farmers' Supplies.
Sole agents for the celebrated brand of Wil
I cox & Gibbs Fertilizers.
We are prepared to quote the very closest
cash or time prices on all lines of
Groceries, Fertilizers and Farmers*
I Supplies, '
And invite your investigation before making:
your arrangements for another year.
Cometo see us. We will save you money,,
and give you a hearty, courteous welcome.
Sumter Banking I
Masonic Building, 2d door from the Postoffice.
Sumter, S. C.
Se" ls itself. None better. 10,000 tons now offered for sale.
Nitrate of Soda,
Muriate of Potash,
German Kain it.
$??=* Get our prices, please.
Desirable Lots On Broad Street.
2 Lots 75x420. 3 Lots 83^x250.
At figures so cheap that they must attract
you. Too far, you say ! ! ! Just 5 minutes bicycle
ride, or drive. Have to keep a horse and buy
gy ! ! ! The difference in interest on the pur
chase price of any other desirable lots will pay
for the horse's feed, and you will have a whole
lot of other pleasures thrown in.
R. B. BELSER,
Attorney at Law Heal Estate Broker
Court, .square Phone 12