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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 13, 1905, Image 1',
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THU SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1S50. *Be Just and Fear not-Let all tlie ends Thou Aims't at bc thy Country's, Thy Gods and Truth's." TI IE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 186?
Cesolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. -S. C . WEDNESDAY. DEOEMBs B 13, : ,06 Sew Series-Vol. XXT. So21.
? - . . ->
Published Every Wednesday,
OSTEEL PUBLISHING COMPANY,
SUMTER, S. C.
$1.50 per annum-in advance.
One Square first insertion.$1.50
Every subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or
longer will be made at reduced rates.
All communications which sub?
serve private interests will be charged
for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects
'will ' be charged for.
THE GUNNERS' REPORT.
Crop of 9,623,000 Bales Estimated by
National Ginners' Association.
Dallas, Texas, December 7.-The
following is the cotton crop report of
the National Ginners' association
which was given,out at ll o'clock to?
""Reports sent to us from the whole
"cotton belt, every postoffice repre?
sented, indicates a total crop of 9,
623,000 bales, with 8,4S6,000 bales
ginned up to December 1. The'crop
thus far picked is 92.4 per cent, and
88 per cent, has been ginned."
The report by States is as follows:
"Alabama, 1,06.1,000 ginned; 9j> per
cent, picked; Arkansas, 420,000 gin?
ned; 89 per cent, picked; Florida, 61.
000 ginned; 95 per cent, picked; Geor?
gia, 1,544,000 ginned; 97 per cent,
picked; Indian Territory, 242,000 gin?
ned; 90 per cent, picked; Louisiana,
344,000 ginned; 90 per cent, picked;
Mississippi, 820,000 ginned; 87 per
cent, picked; Missouri, 31,000 ginned;
90 per cent, picked; North Caorlina,
561,000 ginned; 96 per cent, picked;
Oklahoma, 234,000 ginned; 87 1-2 per
cent, picked; South Carolina, 975,000
ginned; 98 per cent, picked; Tennes?
see, 198,000 ginned; 89 per cent,
picked; Texas, 1,978,000 ginned; 92
per cent, picked.
(Signed.) "X. T. Blackwell,
"J. A. Taylor,
The Beginning of New Era.
The preliminary hearing given to
County Supervisor Owens of Rich?
land county, J. E. Harmon, a former
county commissioner, and C. M. Dou?
glas, a former clerk, charged with
misappropriatiating county funds, re
-sulted in their being bound over in the
sum of $1,000 each to answer to the
charge of forgery. This case prom?
ises to bring about some sensational
developments, and it will also show
how farcial most of tfie grand jury
reports are. It was a common thing
for the grand jury of Richland coun?
ty to employ an expert, investigate the
county offices, and report to the court
that everything was well; and as it is
in Richland so it all over the State.
Grand jurjes are largely responsible
for much of the corruption that exists
in the State, and our primary elec?
tion system is directly responsible.
There are too many men elected to of?
fice who are not qualified mentaliy
or morally. They win through their
cleverness and fair promises, and
some win by the bottle, and it is this
kind of material that is given the
management of county funds. It is a
fact, there are men holding responsi?
ble public positions who could not ob?
tain employment in private positions
where the responsibility is not near so
great. They would not be employ??!
for several reasons: 1. Because they
are not competent. 2. They do not
inspire confidence. 3. They are in
many instances men of such habits
they would not be trusted." and in
some cases they are known to be dis?
honest. ' Yet it frequently happens
that these men have family connec?
tions who can pull a lot of votes and
through them these men get the ear
of the machine and are foisted upon
a suffering public. As long as the
people submit to being imposed upon,
just so long will they be subjected to
having corrupt men in charge of pub?
lic affairs; and when a county is for?
tunate enough to have honest men in
office, as we believe Clarendon is. it
can congratulate itself. But all the
same it should not permit things to
become lax, even with good men: they
are liable to get careless and neglect?
ful. And when a grand jury makes an
investigation let it be thorough and
fearless, as was dom- by the present
grand jury of Richland, which un?
earthed a condition of corruption and
the officers are charged with the
crime. There is no "show cause"
business there, it is a question f >r a
petit jury to say guilty or not guilty.
Manning Times. .
The Clemson College football team
finished the season third in the S. I. A.
A.. having lost but two games and
h MIUTARY TYRANT
WAS POT TO DEATH.
i Sen. Sakaroff Assassinated By Order of
WAS FORMERLY MINISTER CF WAR.
He Had Been Sent to Saratoff to Put
Do\vh Peasant Uprising and Was
Treating: the Villagers With the
Most Cruel Barbarity-Woman Shot
St. Petersburg, December 7.-The
assassination of Gen. Sakharoff, the
former minister of war, has caused
the greatest rejoicing on the part of
the revolutionists who openly declare
that he was killed according to their
orders to show the bureaucracy that
.tyranny will be put down with blood?
shed. Gen Sakaharoff had been sent
to the province of Saratoff, with or?
ders to stamp out th? present upris?
ings at any cost. He was given prac?
tically autocratic power and used it
ruthlessly. He traveled from village
to village with a strong force of Cos?
sacks and he turned the drunk Cos?
sacks loose on* the villages. He order?
ed drum head court martials in some
cases, which were followed by the im?
mediate execution of innocent vil?
lagers. He ordered both men and wo?
men flogged and personally attended
the whippings. His brutality lead to
. ?A. woman belonging to the so-call?
ed "Flying Columns" of the revolu?
tionary movement, called at the house
of the governor at Saratoff at noon
yesterday and asked to see Gen.
She fired three revolver shots at the
j General, killing him on the spot.
The tidings reached St. Petersburg
last night. Count Witte charged Lieu?
tenant General Rudiger, minister of
war, with the task of breaking the
news to Mme. Sakharoff.
The event has created a profound
impression in St. Petersburg, owing
to fears that the revolutionists here
will follow the example thus set.
A RACE TRACK.
For Northern Thoroughbreds in Sum?
ter'-The Question Being Discuss?
ed by Sumter County Horsemen.
There is now a movement on foot
among those in this county who are
interested in thoroughbred horses to
endeavor to get Northern turfman in?
terested in Sumter as a suitable place
for wintering horses, and to make in?
ducements sufficiently great as to war?
rant the selection of Sumter as a suit?
able Southern resort for tha* purpose.
The climate of Sumter is particularly
suited to the purpose of this under?
taking and there is no reason why we
should not be sahrers with Aiken.
Camden and Columbia in the profits
and advantages attending and neces?
sarily incident to the establishment of
Northern racing stables. There are
now more horses quartered in Colum?
bia for the winter than were there
during the State Fair.
The primary question to be consid?
ered is the building . of a suitable
track for racing purposes.
Mr. T. O. Sanders, one of the most
enthstastic workers for this new
movement, wisely concludes that a
track shorter than a mile in length j
would not interest Northern men, and
it is his desire to form a stock com?
pany and purchase the old race track
near Turkey creek, which had the rep?
utation of being the best track for.
training purposes in the South.
The advantages of having Northern
horses quartered here during the
winter months are apparent, lt would
bring to our city a wealthy class of
men. who would leave much money
with <>ur merchants and citizens; it
would stimulate: horse racing in this
section of country and stock farms
for blooded animals would be largely
established, and it would mean much
to the improvement of Sumter by the
building of many magnificent homes
in our city. ;
Altogether the movement is-a good
on -. and should receive the sympathy'
and support of all the good citizens
. of Sumter county. Therefore, let
some active step be taken towards
the successful culmination of the plan. J
She Was Hanged.
j Windsor, Vt.. December 8._Mrs. !
?Rogers was hanged at 1:14 o'clock i
Mrs. Rogers went to her death
without any show of emotion. She
made no statement or confession. She
held a short religious service with -
Fath :. Delancey just ibefore the i
march to the gallows began. Just
before the^fenal was g¥ to spring
the trap she nodded he* ead that sh
JOHN CAPERS ENDORSED
FOR JUDGE BY DEMOCRATS
If Tte Letters Recommgnding Hini Were
Published There Would Bs
! GOVERNOR KEYWARD ENDOWED M
Some of the Moans Adopted by Capers
to Accomplish His Purpose to Be?
come Judge Show Genius for Wire
Columbia, December 9.-Those
were reassuring telegrams which came
in from Washington this week that
Senator Tillman would hold up the
Federal Court bill in the Senate rath?
er than see a man of John G. Capers'
record appointed to the judgship of
Uie district, and that Mr. Capers had
said that he would stand aside rather
than prevent the bill becoming a
law. Those who know Mr. Capers
know that this apparent magnanimity
is merely" for publication and is not
necessarily an evidence of good faith,
but it is welcome in spite of all these
considerations. Those who have the
kindliest personal feeling for Mr.
Capers on account of his family con?
nections, in spite of the natural feel?
ing of disgust that both his personal
and political conduct has aroused,
would regret to see so grave a trust
and responsibility placed in h4k hands.
There are some men of brains and
ability among South Carolina Repub?
licans, some of character; there are
even a few equipped with both quali?
fications and available f?r this posi?
But Mr. Capers seems to be a sort
of genius as a wire puller. The nature
of the endorsements that have gone
on to Washington would create a sen?
sation if these letters were published
together with the names of the au?
thors. Of course there are many who
have received his overtures for en?
dorsement with ill disguised contempt,
still there are many others who have
strongly backed him in personal let?
ters to the president. Among others
who have ?-ndorsed him are Governor
Heyward, and even the members of
the supreme court. It has been open?
ly charged that Mr. Capers has ma?
nipulated a number of postoffices to
secure some of these endorsements,
but Governor Heyward's is due proba?
bly to the bigness of his heart and his
readiness to forgive and forget than
to any political or personal influence
brought to bear on him. although
there was some juggling with his own j
postoffice down in Colleton county re- j
cently, it is said on the best authority.
Those who have been watching thc !
matter closely have felt the danger of j
Mr. Capers being appointed: there j
were a few who knew that there was
too much truth in the statement
which was sent out from Washington
that President Roosevelt had said that
he had been presented with some em?
phatically strong endorsements in fa- I
vor of Mr. Capers. It has not been '
a difficult task for Mr. Capers to per?
suade those who gave him endorse?
ments to conceal the fact from the
newspapers, as far as it lay in the
power of both to accomplish this.
JORDAN CALLS CONVENTION.
Asks Farmers. Bankers, Merchants
and Authors to Assemble in New
Orl?ans in January.
Atlanta, December . S.-President
Harrie Jordan, of the Southern Coi
ton Association, today issued a call for
;a general convention of farmers.
! bonkers, merchants and others,
j throughout the South to be held at
i New Orleans January ll. 12 and 3 3.
j 19 06. The object of the convention
j will be to discuss the work of the As?
sociation, with reference to organiza?
tion, handling crop of 1906, trade re?
lations between producers and spin?
ners, extending the market for Amer?
ican cotton and holding the unsold
balance of the present cotton crop for 1
15 cents a pound. Many prominent
speakers from various parts of the
country have promised to be pres?
ent and a largo attendance is al
r< adv predicted.
Witte Has Not Resigned.
St: Petersburg. December s. Via I
Eydtkuhen, East Prussia. December j
-The Russ today printed a rumor i
that Count Witte han tendered Ids
resignation to the Emperor and thal i
he would be succeeded by Cen. Count !
Alexis Ignatieff. Tin's rumor is un-j
The Bishopvil?e Carnival realized
$1.700 for the Bishopvil?e band, oui of-j
which th<.* expenses are to bc paid. Of
this sum .S.",:,!; came from the voting j
contest for the queen.
THE COSSACKS ORDERED .
TO SHOOT TO KILL
Tiie Successor o? Gen. Sakiiaroff Issues
j a Ruthless Order io Troops
j YOU MUST NOT SPARE CARTRIDGES !
; Thc Czar's Name Used in the 3Iost
? Cruel Order Yet Issued by Any of
j tlie Reactionary Oppressors of thc
St. Petersburg. December 9.-The
first act General Maximovitch, form?
er governor general of Warsaw, who
has been appointed io succed General
SakaharofiT to crush out the peasant
uprising in the Saratoff district, has
been to issue an order for the Cos?
sacks to shoot whenever they meet
j opposition. "Show the rebellious you
are not economical with cartridges,-'
the order says. "The more political
malcontents you kill, the higher will
be the Czar's estimate of your ser?
vices; take care that your action cre?
ates a good impression on the govern?
The order is bound to result in an
awful slaughter as the peasants in
General Maximovitch's district have
been graded into fury by this order to
State Convention Did not Have Time to
Discuss Proposition-Resolution as
to State Reformatory.
At the closing "session of the State
convention of Baptists two important
matters came up-should the conven?
tion endorse the movement for com?
pulsory education and for a State re?
formatory for youthful criminals. Rev.
A. T. Jamison in his interesting talk
on the Connie Maxwell orphange re?
ferred to the reformatory work as a
part of the modern development of
The convention did not exactly
avoid discussion of the issue of en?
dorsing compulsory education, but
! goes on record in a way as favoring
that proposition. The convention has
had so much time occupied in the
discussion of the Sunday school and
mission secretary work, that compul?
sory education was left over until yes?
terday and in the rush toward ad?
journment was disposed of verbally.
These matters were brought to th*
attention of the convention in a letter
from Mr. Jas. L. Quinby, Jr., of
Graniteville. who said in part:
"The church has left these mat?
ters "alone, although she is the most
vitally affected by the consequence of
their neglect, and after the failure 01
the press and of the women of the
State, it is time for her to take a part
and rising in her might say, 'We must
have the laws, as the welfare of the
children of the State depends upon
them.' The State should take care that
the child receive the proper training
for citizenship by not only supplying
the means of preparation but also by
compelling them to make use of their
In presenting the report of the com?
mittee. Dr. Bagby of Greenwood said
that the committee, though sincerely
in favor of compulsory education, did
not have time to prepare a careful
memorial, such as this question de
served, but on the second clause m
the communication, that of a State re?
formatory the committee, Dr. Bagby
! of Greenwood and Mr. C. P. Wray of
j Ridgeway, reported as follows:
j "In response to the communication
j from Mr. Jas. L. Quinby, Jr.. to the
president and members of the Baptist
?State convention, we have this to say:
I we believe that t*"2 highest welfare ;
I of the commonwealth would be pro
. moted i v the establishment of an in
fstitution for the wayward and unman
lagebale youth of the State.
! "The practicability of the matter
[can be determined only by reasons
?and considerations of good statesman
"We pronounce our conviction only i
upon the ethical humane principle j
involved for the state.
"Therefore, Resolved. Tbat the
president of this convention be here- i
by instructed to send at the proper
time a copy of this resolution to our
This report was adopted unani- j
mously by the convention.-The State. !
Dr. W. A. Woodruff, who complain- I
ed to the state board on an action of I
its committee m failing to pass him
on anatomy, has had his paper exam- ;
?ard by another committee and as ah
resuli the action OL" the first commit- 1
tee was approved. Under a recent .
resolution of the board, however. Dr. '? ]
Woodruff is entitled to another exam- !<
ination. as his general average was <
over 75. Woodruff is from Green- i
A few small biscuits easily made with
Royal Baking Powder. Make them
small - as small round as a napkin ring.
Mix and bake just before the meal
Nothing better for a light dessert
than these little hot biscuits with butter
and honey, marmalade or jam.
i You must use Royal Baking Powder
to get them right.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NEW YORK
REPORT OX TEMPERANCE.
Tlie Baptist Convention Adopts a
Strong Paper Condemning
Use of Intoxicants.
The time is now fully come for all
temperance forces to unite in a final
victorious campaign against the bever?
age use of alcoholic drinks as one of
the greatest hindrances to human pro?
gress and welfare. Fortunately in this
great conflict the Christian churches
are supported by numerous, power?
ful allies. Facts supporting the cause
of temperance are being presented in
the scientific spirit and method that
amply justify total abstinence from
The saloon is recognized as a mighty
ocial evil and is being more and more
reprobated in all best communities.
The Anti-Saloon League is at work in
forty states and territories seeking to
enforce existing laws restricting the
saloons, to introduce further legisla?
tive restrictions and to prevent the
saloons from fostering shameless evils
leading to vice and crime. Many
agencies are combining to inaugurate
and enforce a strict guarantee against
the saloon. Legislation against the
saloon should be wisely increased and
The industrial world is against the
beverage use of intoxicating liquors.
The railway employees in the United
States, numbering about 1,000,000
men, are engaged under abstinence
A prominent publicist has recently
declared that he believes the railway
the one chiefest factor in favor of
temperance as to strong drink. Mer?
chants, bankers and employers among
almost all classes say that alcohol un?
fits a man for services of responsi?
bility and skill. Sobriety is necessary
to the supremacy of the worker,
whether he be one engaged in brain
work or hand work. The commercial
leadership of America would be im?
possible if the skilled laborers were
not more temperate than those of
other nations. The economic world
rapidly increasing its demands for so?
The verdict of scholars and scien?
tists is highly favorable to temper?
ance. "Alcohol is not a food, ever?
tin ?ugh it may he a fuel." it is scien?
tifically accounted a poison. Even
Prof. At water, who claims that alco?
hol in small quantities is a food, also
says that ":1K- moderate use of alcohol
is dangerous. Alcohol would not ho
called a food in the proper sense of
the word. The ntl result of its use
is un injury and not a benefit. Science
has demonstrated that even the mod?
erate use of alcoholic drinks just be
fore or during physical or mental
work usually diminishes the total ;
amount of work done. Military ex- ,
peditions. athletic sports and tests, j
expeditions in Arctic and tropical :
regi?os where the human bodv is se - ;
verely tested hy heat ami cold, the ?
employment of skilled tabor in co-.:- !
nection with machinery everywhere !
have overwhelmingly demonstrated ;
that "alcohol in small amounts has a '
most deleterious effect on voluntary ]
Scientific temperance education is |
accomplishing great things in favor
of temperance. Within the last j
twenty years every State in the United ?
States has enacted a law requiring?
scientific temperance instruction in I
public schools. Recently a petition '
was circulated among medica] men >
in Great Britain asking thai tl o study :
r>f hygiene and temperance !? . made
jompulsory. It was signed i?> fifteen j
thousand physicians. This temper- j
mee instruction is of vast importance?
and will produce far reaching results
within the next generation. It is be?
lieved that the child is now born that
will see the last legalized saloon
closed, if we do our part.
In our homes, our Sunday schools
and churches we should faithfully set
forth the Biblical teaching about tem?
perance. Whatever may be the laws
and customs of the people, the law of
God is very strong and clear. Its au?
thority cannot foe annullel or amend?
ed. Let its teachings be expounded
with proper frequency and fullness,
and our churches be brought to high?
er temperance living. The Christian
life should be ont of "intense moder?
Many other educational agencies may?
be used with profit. Your committee
commend the work of the Law and
Order League in our State-" and also
the Christian Temperance Workers,
which latter organization publishes a
monthly paper known as "The Chris?
tian Temperance Worker."
.Much valuable help may be obtain
! ed by pastors and others by address
! ing Mrs. Mary H. Hunt, 23 MrH street,
I Boston. Mass., for information regard?
ing scientific education, and also the
international reform bureau., 20S
Pennsylvania avenue, S. E. Yv~ash:n%
ton. D. C.. which publishes the "Twen
? tieth Century Quarterly."
j Within our own State let us in
I crease our combined efforts to in?
fluence wisely and properly all legisla?
tion necessary to restrict the liquor'
j traffic and to destroy it at the earliest
j D. W. Key, Rufus Ford. W. L. TL
1 Cahall, E. M. Lightfoot, J. M. Quat
I TILLMAN" AFTER THE BANKS.
Wants to Know If Any of the National
Inst it ul ions Have Marie Cam
j Washington. December ii.-Senator
; Tillman today introduced two resoiu
1 tions. which are intended to bring out
the fact as to whether any of the na
i tiona! banks o~ the count!y have
' made campaign contributions in re
! cent years. '. xe first of the resol?
; tions directs the secretary of the treas?
ury to report to the senate whether
any of the reports of the '."..'.".miners
of nation.'.! banks mace since 1S9S
have been destroyed and whether
such reports as are on file show
that contributions have be< .-i made by
the banks to campaign committees.
The otb kr Resolution directs the sen
ate committee on privileges a. nd elec?
tions to inquire into the same subject.
Senator Tillman asked for present
consideration of the tirst resolution,
but under objection from Senators
Gallinger and Lodge it vent over un?
til tomorrow. The other resolution
was referred to the committee on
privileges and elections.
lt took a man of a great deal ot
moral courage to stand up in the
Baptist convention, wholly in favor of
prohibition, and advocate the dispen?
sary. This is what Col. R. B. Watson
did. not that he opposed :< raperance.
but because he took ;i practical view
of the situation and desired to have
it treated in a practical way. If pro?
hibitionists, vyhether ministers or lay?
men, would look upon The question
from a practical and not theoretical
stand] oint, we would come much
nearer settling ti in a satisfactory way.
- i 'obumbia Record.
Two thousand bales of cotton are
being held for 15 cents at St Mat?