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SXJ:?ITER WATCEMAX, Established April, 1850.
*Be Just and Fear not-Let all the ends Thou Aims't at be thy Country's, Thy God's anti Truth's."
THE TREE SOTTTHROX, Established June, 186G
)?idated Aug. 2, 1881.
SUMTER, S. G , WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1905.
Sew Series-VoL XXY. NO 22*
Wk Wi?atym ml Son?ljroH.
(Published Every Wednesday,
OSTEEN PU3LISHING C08LpANY,
SUMTER, S. C.
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_IL'.. - ? ? " S-- ?
Items of Interest Condensed! and Par
? agraphed for Quick Reading.
The news comes from Washington
that John s G. Capers will be reap?
pointed district attorney and will not
he considered by President Roosevelt
for the Federal judgeship.
C. O. Burriss has been recommend
ed for appointment as auditor of An
derson county, vice G. N. C. Boleman,^
v V Brice law election will be ordered
in Lexington county at an early date
and it is asserted that the dispensary
J will be voted out.
fe Mrs. Stanley, of Welford, Spartan
burg county, shot herself fatally with
a pistol a few days ago. The shoot?
ing was accidental. /
Wilson Stevens, a negp-o boy, has
surrendered to the sheriff of Aiken
#- county for killing William Owens, a
white boy, two weeks ago. He claims
that the killing was an accident and
two white . witnesses corroborate his
statement. Owens in an ante-mortem
statement- sadd that Se was shot with?
out'warning or cause.
Another serious fire occurred in
pr Johnston Wednesday night, the sec
onw within two weeks.
> An attempt was made at Blackville
to lynch John Sims, a negro who at?
tacked Mrs. Hattie Buist with a rock
when she discovered him stealing tur?
keys from her yard. Sims was^shot
rby Mr& Buist's brother, Mr. Arthur
Dewitt, and turned over to the offi?
cers. The deputies managed to get
Sims on board the train but could not
stop at Barnwell as there was another
crowd waiting at the depot. He was
taken on tG Savannah and thence \o
?^Columbia via Augusta.
One of the missing ?ccount books of
the Union cotton mill for which a re?
ward of $2,500 was offered has been
found in the stock room of the'^miJl
store, but the pages containing the ac?
counts of importance were missing.
Two other books are still missing.
Professor M. D. Moore, of the Hope?
ville School, Greenville county, wras at?
tacked by William Martin, a 16-year
old pupil, on Tuesday and knocked
down with a stick of wood. He re
i ceived a severe scalp wound and was
H unconscious for a half hour.
p Colonel Altamont Moses'" was a
member of Governor Heyward's per?
sonal staff. In view of his death Gov
- ernor Heyward has asked Colonel W.
G. Smith, of Orangeburg, to accept
the position made vacant by the death
Ki of Colone^ Moses, of commissary gen
^ eraL Colonel Smith of Orangeburg,
has already been on Governor Hey
wardTs staff. To fill the vacancy on
the staff Governor Heyward has ap?
pointed Mr. William Banks, of Colum?
Dan Murphy the murderer of Tr^as
T' arer Copes, of Orangeburg, was
brought back to the peniteniary Sun?
day from Swainsboro, Ga., where he i
was serving a sentence on the chain*
gang for horse stealing. He will now
? serve out his life sentence in the pen
t \ .itentiarv.
' Frank Sawyer, one of the Rock Hill
blind tigers, was arrested Saturday
Baron Sternberg, the German am?
bassador, will spend several weeks in
Aiken for the benefit of his health.
?L Erwin Robinson, white, aged 50
f^Pyeara, committed suicide at Rock Hill
* Sunday night by drinking carbolic
.. acid mixed with turpentine.
Dave Pugh shot Marion Abrams to
death in Newberry county on Satur?
day. The jury of inquest returned a
.^^verdict of wilfull murder.
It is announced by the executive
committee of?the Olympia cotton mil!
of Columbia that the payment of divi?
dends will be -resumed in July next.
Charles Fleming, a negro switeh
man on the Atlantic Coast Line, was
" killed in the Charleston freight yard
I Ed Sanders and Charles Whetstone,
two negro waiters employed in Hunt's,
restaurant, Columbia, got into a fight
Monday and Sanders was fatally stab?
bed with a long pronged cooking fork.
WS THIRTEEN. TRUNKS
SEIZED BY DETECTIVES.
Some Creditors of Mr. 0. A, Minor
. Gel Settlements.
UNABLE TO MAKE H!S "BET-A-WAYV"
Trunks and Automobile Attached in
Charleston for Debts Left Unpaid
When " He Departed From This
As is well knoN?n Mr. D. A. Minor
suddenly left the city this week owing
a large number of debts, and he
j would have evaded paying them if it
liad not been for the enterprise and
vigilance of Mr. H. J. Harby. Minor
owed a small account amounting to
about $18 to Geo. D. Shore & Bro.,
of which firm Mr. Harby is a member.
When the fact of Minor's departure
had become known, Mr. Harby-immej
diately wired. Messrs. Mordecai &
Gadsen, attorneys at Charleston^ to
prepare attachment papers for the
seizure of Minor's property on an af?
fidavit setting forth the fact that up?
on information and belief it was the
'opinion of the deponent that D. A.
Minor was about to move his . prop?
erty out cf-the State and beyoftd its
jurisdiction for the purpose of -cheat?
ing and defrauding his creditors.
The claim of Geo. D. Shore & Brp.,
was assigned to Mr. W. R. Phillips,
who took the account to Charleston
for the purpose of making the affi?
davit and having the attachment
A detective was employed in Charles?
ton who soon located Minor's auto*
mobile and thirteen trunks, which
were immediately sezed and held for
the debt. '
In the meantime Mr. Harby had no?
tified numerous other creditors of
Minor in the city, had them to assign
their accounts to Mr. Phillips, who
was then in Charleston, and similar le?
gal processes were served against the
same property. As a consequence of
this procedure Minor settled all the
claims, and was, therefore, permitted
to retain possession of the attached
TAX OX REFRIGERATOR CARS,
Railroad Commission Recommends
Prohibitive Tax on Private Line
Columbia, December IS.-In its an
nual report to the legislature the rail?
road commission will recommend that
"?uch legislation be enacted as will en?
courage the railroads of this State to
! establish and operate their own re?
frigerator cars, this recommendation
being inspired by the experience of
berry growers in this State and North
Carolina who recently had half million
dollars worth of goods to spoil on
their hands because cars could not be
secured to move them. It will be re?
membered that there was talk at the
time that the railroads had determin?
ed to put in this equipment rather
than go through another such expe?
rience. The commission will suggest
as a means of accomplishing this
change the refrigerator cars operated
separately be taxed - to a prohibitive
extent, thus practically driving the re?
frigerator people out of the State and
compelling the railroads to add these
cars to their equipment, the railroads
being held responsible for failure to
move the crop.
The comission "points with pride''
to a recent decision of thhe State su
preme court upholding a rule of the
commission fixing a penalty of $50
for failure of a railroad to promptly
pay a freight claim ' when properly
established. This case came up from
Gheraw. where Judge Watts decided
the matter as unconstitutional, "but he
was reversed by the last tribunal.
The plaintiff was a merchant, who
brought suit to recover the $50 pen?
alty for failure of a road to pay him
$1.75-. for a lost bunch of bananas.
The commission is of the opinion that
this rule has greatly facilitated the
matter of freight claim paying and
has been the means of preventing
much useless litigation. The com?
mission understands, however, that
the railroad people intend to carry
the case to the Federal Supreme Court
FAKNTM PAPERS PRODUCED.
Attorney Mordecai Delivcs the Lon~
Wanted Documents in a I?i?? Trunk.
Columbia, December ls.-Farnum's
attorneys prdfluced those "private"
They were delivered to the court in
a Saratoga trunk, locked, to be exam?
ined privately by the court before be?
ing shown even to the attorneys on
the other side.
Attorney Mordecai said that all pa?
pers taken away were in the trunk.
R. K, D?RBAN'S BODY
MAY YET BE EXHUMED
Action of fte Fidelity Mutual Life
'ORDER ISSUED BY JUDGE W??TS
Coroner of Darlmgtou Crdered to
Show Cause Why New Inquest
Should Not Be Held.
Darlington, December 15.-Upon
petition of certain policyholders in the
Fidelity Insurance company of Phil?
ade1 phin which company Robert
Keith Dargan, deceased, held a policy
for $25,000 Judge Watts has ordered
J. L, danton, coroner of this county to
appear before him at Cheraw tomor?
row and show cause why the inquest
held by him immediately upon the
death of Robert Keith Dargan should
not be set aside and a new one held.
The Fidelity Mutual policyholders
will be represented by Stevenson &
Matheson and E: R. Mciver of Che?
raw and Speaks & Dennis of Darling?
ton. J. L. Clanton will be represented
by Miller & Lawson, of Darlington. F*
H. Calkins of' Philadelphia, will ap?
pear as petitioner for the policy
The Fidelity Mutual has persistent?
ly refused to pay the $25,000 to the
wife of the insured on the ground that
there is no satisfactory proof of the
death of R. K. Dargan. Attorneys for
the company will likely argue that the
inquest was improperly held, while
those for the coroner will hold that it
was properly conducted. Considerable
interest is centered in the decision of
this case. 1
Robert Keith Dargan carried only
$40,000 insurance at the time of his
death. The entire amount was held in
two companies, $15,000 and $25,000,
in the Ev .itable of- New York, and
the Fidelity Mutual of Philadelphia,
Messrs. A. R. Bruce & Dunn, repre?
senting the Equitable, came here in
August to look into the matter and
paid the policy held against their com?
pany. The local agent, Mr. Byrd, aid?
ed these gentlemen in their investiga?
tions and he stated that the policy of
$15,000 was promptly paid.
Messrs. T. H. Calkins, of Philadel
phia, and W. L. Williams, of Colum?
bia, representing the Fidelity Mutual,
were also here at the same time in?
vestigating the case.
Of the above amount ($40,000), $5,
000 goes to his daughter, $25,'000 to
his -?i?e and $10,000 to his estate.
C. Lide and L. E. Williams, Jr.,
who were appointed receivers of the
Darlington Trust Company at the
time it failed with the Independent
Oil Company last summer, have been
enjoined by the court not to sell the
real estate at present in posession of
this concern. The receivers have about
w?und up their duties and wished to
sell the real estate for a final settle?
ment but a protest was raised by
some of the creditors and stockhold?
ers. Some of the property is in liti?
gation and it was considered inop?
portune and impractical to sell at
present. Special Judge Benet was ap?
plied to to hold-up the sale and acting
on the testimony in the case he has
ordered it not to be sold.-The State.
No Change in the pastors of the Sum?
Spartanburg, December IS.-The
Methodist Conference concluded its
work this evening and the appoint?
ments for 1906 were announced.
The appointments for Sumter dis?
trict are: *
H. B. Browne, presiding elder:
Bethany, W. P. Way; Bishopville, D.
Arthur Phillips; Camden, C. C. Her?
bert; Heath Springs. David Hucks;
Jordan, S. D. Bailey; Kershaw, O. A.
Jeffcoat: Lynchburg, S. S. Cantey;
Manning, A. X. Brunson; New Zion,
L. L. Bedenbaugh; Oswego, E. K.
Moore; Pinewood, " L. L. Inabinet;
Providence, E. F. Scoggins; Richland,
C. S. Felder; Santee. J. C. Yongue; St.
Johns and Rembert, S. H. Booth;
Sumter First church and Magnolia
street. P. F. Kilgo and J. P. Inabinet.
assistant Sunday school editor, L. F.
Beaty; Conference missionary secreta?
ry, P. F. Kilgo: transferred to North
Alabama conference. J. A. Duncan; to
Tennessee conference, W. R. Richard?
son; to North Carolina confernce, P.
G ?orgetown, December 12.-In the
Democ-ratic municipal primary elec?
tion held here today the following
ticket was selected: For mayor, .1.
M. Fraser; Cor aldermen, W. H. An?
drews, C. i:. Colbert, A. Harvey and
Geo. A. Doyle. Charles S. Congdon
also ran for mayor. The election was
quiet and free from all excitement.
PRIESTS INCITE MOBS IO
MASSACRE THE JEWS.
A Horrible Story of Butchery From
Remote Russian Provinces.
INCENDIARY SERMONS DISTRIBUTED.
The Situation in St. Petersburg Daily
Growing Worse and Business 31e?;
TTrge Count Witte to Grant all De-?
mauds of Workingmen to Ea<i
?St. Petersburg, Via Eydtkuhnen,
December 14.-A report of a ?resh
massacre of Jews in which over 500
persons were killed reached here this
morning from Tarisk Volhynia.
The massacre was incited by the
local priest who called on the Chris?
tians to rise and exterminate the
The mobs attacked all Jewish shops
killing and abusing all Jews that fell
into their hands. The few Jews that
escaped/from the mob are distitute.
Following the massacre the priest
who incited the outrage preached a
sermon in which he praised the awful
deed. Local ecclesisiastical author?
ities ordered the sermcn printed and
distributed broadcast throughout the
country. It is feared the result of this
action will be to incite fresh massacres
A mutiny has broken out among the
soldiers in this city, although it is
impossible to tell how serious it is.
Four regiments have joined in a notice
sent to the workingmen in which they
say "You need not fear bureaucracy
any longer, we are with you and are
re/solved to annihilate all reactiona?
ries. If ordered to fire on you we will
not obey. We will not spare car?
tridges, but they will not be directed
The St. Petersburg' bourse today
sent a deputation to Count Witte to
urge him to settle the postal and el
egraph strike at once. The delega?
tion told Count Witte that the gov?
ernment should surrender to all the
demands of the strikers, if that was
the only way to end the strike.
St. Petersburg, Via. ?dytkuhnen,
December 18.-The city this morning
s like an armed camp. Troops arb
,'isible at all points and strong patrols
are stationed everywhere. The work
ngmen's delegates have been unable
o hold a meeting, owing to the strict
guard kept upon them.
Count Witte is determined to crush
he revolutionary agitation now at any
price. He has adopted the plan of
preventing the working men from
A general revolt of the army is ex?
pected at any hour. An incident
which occurred yesterday shows that
Preobrajensky's regiment which was
reported discontented is still loyal.
The regiment was reviewed by the
Czar who appeared carrying his young
son in his arms. The soldiers mani?
fested the greatest enthusiasm over
the monarch and his young heir, thus
disproving the reports of their dissat?
Berlin, December 18.-Dispatches
brought by representatives from the
frontier of Baltic province of Russia
state that the rebels have dynamited
military trains carrying troops from
Riga to Orel. Over 200 Cossacks
were killed outright and 400 others
terribly injured, their bodies in many
instances, being horribly mutilated.
PRESIDENT SLOAN RESIGNS.
Will Probably Be Accepted-Candi?
dates for the Position Already
Columbia, December 15.-President
Benj. Sloan of the South Carolina
College, has tendered his resignation
to take effect at the end of the pres?
ent tssion. The board's by-laws re?
quire every professor attaining the agc
of TO to annually resign, and Profes?
sors Joynes and Pope have come w;:h
in the perview of this rule. Still,
President Sloan's resignation is like?
ly to be accepted. Candidates for the
place arc already being spoken of.
Judge Hydrick Commissioned.
Governor Heyward Saturday signed
the commission of Hon. D. E. Hydrick
to act as special judge at the regula?
term of court to be held at Yorkville.
beginning on the 11th. On the loth
Senator Hydrick will begin the duties
of his regular terra, he having been
elected to succeed Judge D. A. Town?
send. Judge Memminger and Judge
Prince, who were also elected last
winter, began service at once as they
were assigne?.! to the two new circuits.
An advertisement in The Daily Item
s a good investment. Try it.
IN EVERY Receipt that calls for cream
of tartar, soda, or baking powder, use
the Royal Baking Powder. Better results
will be obtained because cf thc absolute
purity and great leavening strength of the
Royal. It will make the food lighter,
sweeter, of finer flavor, more digestible and
wholesome. It is always reliable and uni?
form in its work.
Alum and ?phosphate baking powders
some of them sold at' the same price and
some of them cheaper-will make neither
dainty nor wholesome food.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NEW YORK.
LAW OBEYED IS ORANGEBURG, j
Negro Who Made a Criminal Attempt
on White Woman Near Reeves
ville Lodged in Jail.
Branchville, December 13.-Last
night William Livingstone, a negro |
about 18 years of age, attempted to
criminally assault Mrs. John F. My- j
ers, a respectable white woman living |
in the lower part of this county near
Reevesville. The negro would proba?
bly have accomplished his purpose,
had it not been for the interference
of Mrs. Myers' husband, who happen?
ed to be on the place at the time. Mr.
Myers got his gun and fired at the
fleeing negro, but only hit him with
one shot, which did very little or no
damage. AS soon as the report was
circulated dozens of the neighbors
gathered and made a search for Abe
negro, who was found some time dur?
ing the night. It is said there was
considerable talk of lynching but Mr.
Myers requested that the law be al?
lowed to take its course, and the ne?
gro was brought here and turned over
to town authorities. At the prelimi?
nary this morning the negro plead?
ed guilty and was taken to the Orange
burg jail this afternoon by Constable
Byrd. Much credit is due Magistrate
J. S. Dukes and Constable C. D.
Reeves for the safe delivery of the
THE STATE'S RUM BUSINESS.
The Sales for the Year Ending No?
vember 30 Were the Largest in the
History of the Dispensary.
Columbia, December 18.-The state
dispensary has done a most flourishing
business for the year 1905. The effect
of the closing of the dispensaries has
not yet been felt in the report of the
business done for the year 1905 which
closes on the 1st of December. The
report is most interesting as showing
how much liquor is bought through
the legal channels in the course of a j
year. The purchases here given' are I
wholesale prices and are the amounis !
of the actual cash sales at wholesale |
prices from the State dispensary to ?
the county establishments and are not j
for the retail prices paid by the con- '
sumers, which will about 25 per cent
Total whiskey sales_$2,840,425.64
Total beer sales. 2S2,37<">.45
The Anderson dispensary led the
State with the largest purchases of
any single dispensary, $103.016.10;
Sumter came next with $100,S54.2S;
Georgetown was third with $95.575.
46: Charleston. Columbia, Greenville
and Spartanburg each with several
dispensaries, purchased more liquor
han the above named towns.
SMALLS CARRIED HIS POINT.
Commander at Fort Fremont Declined
to Allow an Inspection by Ne?
Beaufort. Dec. 14.--Ex-Congress?
man Robert Smalls requested Lieut, i
Steger, U. S. A.. commanding officer j
at Fort Fremont, to permit the col- ?
ored Masons to inspect the fortifica- '
tions. The lieutenant replied that t
would be neither pleasant .nor to the
interest;-; of the service to :;;..:!:! the re?
quest, which was refused. Smails
communicated with Secretary ?>:" War
Taft at Washington. Thc secretary
telegraphed Linet. Steger t<> permit
the negroes to visit tbe fort. Some
hundreds accordingly went to Fort
Fremont this afternoon. ;
Notice of Election.
FOR MEMBER OF THE HOUSE
State of South Carolina,
County bf Sumter.
Notice is hereby given that an elec?
tion will be held at the several pre?
cincts established by law in Sumter
County, on Thursday, January 4th,
for member of the House of Repre?
Polls at each voting place will be
opened at 7 o'clock a. m.. and closed
at 4 o'clock p. m.
The following named persons have
been appointed managers of election,
Sumter, Ward 1-H. G. McKagenr
A. Wedenfeller, W. A. Weathers.
Sumter, Ward 2-W. S. Dinkins, B,
?P. Cuttino, W. Y. L. Marshall.
Sumter, Ward 3-W. J. Jennings, J.
D. Blanding. T. M. Jones.
Sumter. Ward 4-G. E. Richardson,
Charles Thames, M. C. Kavanaugh.
Stateburg-Henry Frierson, Guy.
Nelson, Whiteford Thompson,
Providence-D. C. McLeod, E. P?
Scarborough, W. A. Spann.
Rafting Creek-J. W. Young, J. D.
McLeod, R. S. Brown.
Bossards-J. H. Robertson. E. C.
Brown. T. D. DuBose.
Mayesville-W. N. McElveen, J. F.
Bland, Jr., J. H. Wilson..,
Shiloh-J. D. Frierson, J. F. Dennis,'
W. S. Truluck.
Concord-J. J. Brunson, P. L.
Jones, Daniel Davis.
.Privateer-J. R. Kolb, Manning
Hodge, R. H. Ramsey.
George Hartsoe, H. D. Cain.
Bloomhill-Alfred Owen, S. M,
Coulter, G. T. Geddings.
On the day of election the managers"
! must organize by the election of a.
Chairman and a Clerk, if necessary.
The chairman elected is empowered
to administer oaths.
The managers have the power to fill
any vacancy, and if none of the man?
agers attend, the citizens can appoint,
from among the (lualified voters the
managers, who. after being sworn, can
conduct the election.
At the close of the election the man?
agers and clerk must proceed publicly
to open the ballot boxes and count the
ballots therein, and continue without
adjournment until the same is com?
pleted and make a statement of the
Within three days thereafter, the
chairman of the board, or some on::
designated by the board, must deliver
to the Commissioners of Election the
poll list, the boxes containing the bal?
lots and written statements of the re?
sult of the election.
One of the above named managers
for each precinct must cati upon the
Board of Commissioners, at the office
of the Freeman Publishing Co.. Xo. S
East Liberty street, on or before Jan?
uary 2nd, 1906, to receive ballot boxes,
poll lists and instructions and to quat
w. i >. CAIN. Chairman.
ll. E. McELYE?N.
E. F. MILLER.
Commissioners state and County
The annual meeting of the South
(';::.<<!>'.ia historical commission will be
held on December 2". The meeting is
tor the purpose of preparing a report
i<> the legislature and telling of the
progress made in preserving the rec?
ords of the State through Mr. A. S.
Sally, Jr., thc secretary.