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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN", Established April, 1850.
'Be Jost and Fear not-Let all the ends Thon Aims't at be thy Country's, Tay God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jane, 186ft'
olidated Lug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 27, 1905.
New Series-Vol. XXY. No 25.
Ck W?t?mai m?t Sratlnm
Published Every Wednesday,
?STEE? PUBLISHING COMPANY,
SUMTER, S. C.
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A XOTABLE CASE IX DAKLLXGTOX
Suit of the Charleston Savings Institu?
tion Against the Darlington
Darlington, December 21.-The
first reference in the case of the
Charleston Savings Institution against
the Darlington Trust Company was
, held in Darlington today, before Thos.
H. Spain, special referee. This i3 an
action to. set aside a deed of the prop?
erty formerly known as the Enterprise
Hotel Company to the Darlington
f The late Mr. Robert Keith Dargan
president* of both the companies,
id the Charleston institution claims
it the deed is a fraudulent one, for
ie reason that the 'directors of neith
one of the institutions knew uny
of the conveyance; that Mr.
his father and mother, were
?tically the owners of the Enter?
prise Hotel Company, and that, using
his offices as president of both con?
cerns, he unloaded at a fictitious price.1
s for mozje than the property was worth,
the^ Enterprise Hotel Company on
the ^arlington Trust Company with?
out the knowledge or consent of the
directors of these institutions.
Messrs. Joseph VV. Barnwell, "Don
_^ald M. Frost and P. A. Wilcox werev
prese*h%. . representing the Charleston
Savings Institution and Messrs. Geo.
H. Edwards, W. H. Stevens and W. P.
Dargan represented the Darlington
Several witnesses, among them A.
G. KolloCk. D. D., Witcover, S. Wol?
fram, formerly directors in the de?
funct Trust Company, were intro?
duced and their testimnoy tended to
show that the matter was never re?
ferred to a'full meeting of the direc?
tors, but it was developed that several
of them were advisory directors only,
- and were not present at all of the
- meetings held. Several documents
. among them the deed from the Hotel
Company to the Trust Company and
the teller's book of the Trust Com?
pany, were introduced in "evidence.
Nothing of a sensational nature W^LS
developed in the testimony today. The
hearing was adjourned, subject to the
call of the referee.
COL. FULLER'S REPORT.
The Condition ot the State Militia
Columbia, December 21.-Col. E
B. Fuller, ?he United States army of?
ficer stationed here to report on the
condition of the national guard of this
State, has submitted his annuual re?
port to Governor Heyward. The re?
port is very full in every detail and
Colonel Fuller goes / into the weak?
nesses of our militia as he sees it from
the standpoint of a trained army of?
ficer. In the very first paragraph he
calls attention to the requirements of
the new code which makes it necessa?
ry for officers to stand an examination
for their positions and commends the
action of the adjutant general in re?
Colonel Fuller calls attention to the
reduction of the militia as required by
law and states that from a purely
military standpoint there should have
been a further reduction. The annual
inspections are? touched on and at?
tention is called to a number of com?
panies that did not attend these in?
spections as ordereS1, and the poor at?
tendance in the companies mentioned.
There is also mention made of the
loss of property, belonging to the gov?
ernment by the carelessness of the
commanding^ officers The adjutant
general now requires that these offi?
cers be put under bond.
There is little improvement in tar?
get practice and there is need otf more
attention along this line. Acknowl?
edgement is made of the attention
shown the officer by the adjutant gen?
The first annual meeting of the
^South Carolina division of the South?
ern Cotton Association will be held
In Columbia in January and the lead?
ers in this movement are now pre?
paring for the gathering. It is ex?
pected" that there wili be a large at?
tendance and that the meeting will be
one-of great interest.
THE SUPREME COURT
SHOULD NOT DELAY.
Senator Tiiiman Says the Tribunal is
itself on Trial.
PEOPLE DISTRUST THE BOARD.
Defeat of the Dispensary Under Brice
Law ElectioTis a Protest Against the
Augusta, Ga., December 21.-Sana
tor Benjamin R. Tillman of South
Carolina was in the city today for a
few hours. "The senator was able to
talk for only a short while but during
that time he said a few things about
politics that are of interest to the pub?
?Senator Tillman was asked as to the
dispensary situation in South Carolina
and he said that in his opinion the re?
cent voting out of the dispensary in
the various counties was but an ex?
pression of the people of dissatisfac?
tion; with the present hoard of direc
'tors 'of that institution.
. .'Senator, what do you think of the
recent actions by the Supreme court of
South Carolina?'' asked the\state's
"In my opinion the supreme court
is trying to shirk the duty imposed
upon it by law. They have tried ev?
ery means to avoid the issue and the
people have the right to demand that
these questions be settled at once."
"What do you think of the investi?
,4The commission started right and
as yet have only scratched the sur?
face of the rottenness of th? dispen?
sary and if they had been empowered
by the legislature or authorized by the
courts to imprison witnesses for con?
tempt no doubt they would have ac?
complished much. But as it now is,
the commission is under the concur?
rent resolution passed by the legisla?
ture, powerless to compel the witness?
es to testify, and while L^doubt very
much if the commission can legally
do so, the supreme court ought to de?
cide the point. If the court will say
that the commission has the right to
rule, witnesses in contempt then they
can accomplish much. This point
should be decided by the court with?
out- further delay, for the court now
has the entire confidence of the peo?
ple but if they shirk their duty this
time their usefulness to a large ex?
tent is at an end." -
Senator Tillman here went on to
say that the action of the court in
dodging the issue will have the effect
of ending the.work of the investigat?
ing commission, for the legislature
meets on the 9th of January and at
the present rate the court would not
have decided the question by that
The senator said that the commis?
sion had done good work and if it had
not been hampered by the defective
resolution it would have undoubtedly
been able to show to the legislature
at the next session some things that
would have enabled the legislature to
take some decisive action.
"I cannot understand," said the
senator, "how the lawyers in the leg?
islature could have permitted such a
resolution to pass. It was only a con?
current resolution and did not receive
the signature of the governor and I
do not think that the commission
thus created can rule a witness in
contempt. But at present the com?
mission is bound and unless the court
grants the power sought by it the
members will ?only have scratched the
"What do you think of the recent
voting out of the dispensary in the va?
rious counties and especially in Edge
field, your home county?"
"Weil, to start with, the Brice law
only allows about one-third of the
people to vote and I take voting out
of the dispenasry by these counties
is a protest against the manner in
which the present board of directors
conduct the business."
"What about the board of control
now in office?"
"I understand that at the next
meeting of the legislature the, present
members will stand for re-election,
using this as a means to get vidica
tion from the charges that have been
so sweepingly made. Li they do stand
all that I am going to do is to watch
and see the men who vote for them.
Then ? can tell the honest men in thb
legislature from the dishonest ones."
/ From the senator's manner at this
juncture it was easily seen that the
present board would not get his vote
if he were in the legislature.
Senator Tillman said that in his
mind there is no doubt that the leg?
islature will at its next session discuss
the dispenasry matter* thoroughly
and but for the commission being
practically powerless in the legislature
would undoubtedly have come defin?
ite information to work upon.
From the dispensary situation the
talk drifted into the national political
pot and when asked as to the recent
ousting of Bishop, the $10,000 press
agent on the canal commission, Sena?
tor Tillman said that Bishop was a
personal friend of Roosevelt and thai
no matter what action was taken hy?
the congress Bishop will get a soft
berth somewhere. In this connection
it will be interesting to note in this
morning's dispatches the information
that Roosevelt has appointed Bishop
a member of the canal commission at
a salary aggregating the amount he
previously received. Senator Tillman
said that the matter of the press
agent was so unusual that even the
influence of the president could not
deter the senate from taking definite
steps. The senator gave the impres?
sion that he believed that Roosevelt
will, at all hazards, provide good jobs
for his friends.
. "Bishop to Roosevelt is an alter
ego," said Senator Tillman with em?
phasis which seemed to indicate that
the fight on Bishop was not yet ended.
When the senator was asked as to
the action of congress in the matter
of the .examination of the national
banks, he said that as it had come
out in the insurance investigations
that there had been contributions
i made to the Republican campaign
fund many thought it" wise to see if
the national banks had a hand in the
matter. As the men in the banks who
are Democrats were at that time j
"Gold Bugs" and endeavoring to de?
feat Bryan it was folly to look to them
for any information and the only way
that .this could be arrived at would
be through a committee appointed by
congress. This was the reason, said
the senator, for the move for the ex?
aminations of the banks and he
thought that the matter would have
some attention after the Christmas
holidays.-The State \
COTTON ROOT BARK SALABLE.
The Methods of Preparation for
Market-What it Is Worth.
To the Editor of the News and
The large manufacturing drug
houses are again, in the market for
cotton root bark.
At present prices for farm labor
and the known value of such labor in
planting fall sown crops, no cotton
grower can afford to gather cotton
root-bark ?or less than ten. cents per
pound, delivered at the nearest rail?
road station. If growers ' will stand
firm and refuse to gather or sell for
less than ten cents, they can secure
The method for preparing cotton
root-bark for market is as follows:
1. Only the bark of the root belcw
ground is wanted. Iriis may be col?
lected at any time after the lint ir,
gathered until earry spring or uni:!
such time as the bark when peeled
shows black streaks sn inner side
2. Cotton root-bark must oe-strip?
ped from the woody core while frosh.
The fresh bark peels very easily and
should be removed as whole as possi?
ble. Before peeling wash the roots
free from sand and clay. Dry the
peeled bark under a shed or other
water-tight cover. Turn -the bark ev?
ery day until as dry as hay. Drying
takes about a week.
3. The dry bark ma, be packed in
clean sacks, barrels, or boxes. Drug?
gists will not buy less than one hun?
dred pounds. Most of the larger man?
ufacturing druggists will buy good
bark in lots of one ton or more.
4. To secure sale for cotton root
bark growers should first collect a
small lot of three or four pounds or
so and dry it carefully. Then mai:
samples of about iou:- ounces to each
of the houses named below, stating
how much bark can bo supplied.
u. We advise that the bark be sold
f. o. b. at nearest depot, and that no
offer of less than 10 cents per pound
i be accepted. If no satisfactory offer
is received from the samples sent, do
not collect more bark.
6. All the firms named below buy
Sharpe & Dohme, Baltimore, Md.;
Huth Bros. & Co., Baltimore, Md.;
Higgins & Walters, Baltimore, Md.;
Davis & Davis, Baltimore, Md.; J.
L. Hopkins & Co., New York; Schief
flin & Co., New York, N. Y.; Parke
Davis ?fe Co., Detroit, Mich.; Freder?
ick Stearns & Co., Detriot, Mich.
Gerald McCarthy, Biologist,
North Carolina Department of Agri
Mr. John H. Marshall, for many
years a member of the News and
Courier staff, has decided to retire
from the newspaper business and will
go into the grain and brokerage busi?
""he Charleston county board of
control has ordered all dispensers in
Charleston to cut out their telephones.
X- -" .'->.-.::.: can be ordered hy tole
CONTROL IN MOSCOW.
Fighting, However, Continues and Rein
forcements Are Coming.
TROOPS GUILTY OF SAVAGE TORTURES.
Many Innocent Citizens Have Suffered
at the Hands of Insurrectionists.
Troops Riding Through City and
Firing on Least Provocation.
St. Petersburg, via Odessa, Decem?
ber 26.-The troops at Moscow have
secured partial control of the city, but
; fighting continues in many of the out
: lying districts. The revolutionists
have sent urgent appeals to other
cities for assistance, and it is stated
that 30,000 strikers from Suevo with
artillery from Lithuani? are now
marching toward Moscow to assist the
insurrectionists. The government is
censoring all messages from Moscow,
so that it is impossible to learn the
true conditions existing there. Trav?
elers who left Moscow Sunday, how?
ever, say that though the strikers
were being beaten in street battles
they were fighting with the utmost
courage, and had inflicted great losses
on the troops. The soldiers are re?
ported to have lost 800 men up to
Sunday. The troops have been ren?
dered extremely savage on account of
their losses. Their officers find it in?
possible to restrain the men from per?
petrating the most savage tortures on
anyone failing into their hands. Pa?
trols of troops are riding through the
city firing immediately if they see
even three or tour people together on
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS.
Items of Interest Condensed and Par?
agraphed for Quick Reading.
I The Brice law election held in Sa?
luda county Tuesday resulted in a
large majority against the retention
of the dispensary.
Waverly /airman has been ""given
a verdict of $1,250 against the Sea?
board Air Line by the Yovkville court.
He sued for $20,000.
Exports of cotton goods to China
have been as follows: For the ten
?months ending October 19, 1904, $9,
657,707. For the ten months ending
October 31, 1905, $27,405,475. This
shows where the surplus cotton is go?
ing and why cotton is high.
.While out bird huting Saturday af?
ternoon, near Patrick, Chesterfield
county, Luke Poison accidentally shot
his first cousin, Frank Poison, who
died from the effects of the wound on
Sunday morning. The load of Xo. 4
birdshot struck young Poison in the
abdomen. The boys were about 18
years old. The boys were about 18
a verdict of accidental killing.
Governor Heyward has received
from Dr. James Evans the ?nnual re?
port of the state board of health. Dr.
Evans calls attention to a number of
matters of various import and finally
recommends that a State health ofhcei
should be employed.
A Confessed Bigamist Blows Out His
Norfolk, Va., December 22.-B. J.
Gibbons, aged 37 years, after leaving
a letter in which he. admitted he was
a bigamist and expressed undying
love for two wives, put a bullet
through his head at his Norfolk home
today, dying in a short time.
Mrs. Gibbons No. 1, with her two
young children, is here, while, accord?
ing to the letter left by Gibbons, wife
No. 2, whom he married in Valdosta.
Ga., December 14, is now at a hotel in
Nothing has been found to indi?
cate who wife No. 2 was prior to he?
marriage to Gibbons except an affec?
tionate letter signed "Emma" and
written from some point in Florida to
Gibbons before their marriage.
Gibbons formerly was a Methodist
preacher in Princess Anne county,
Maryland, where he married wife No.
1 10 years ago," but lately has been
employed as a traveling salesman for
a Richmond house.
Gibbons, who had been away from
his Norfolk home for several weeks,
returned last night, telling his wife
here that he had been on a visit to
their old home in Princess Anne,
Glad He is Dead.
Atlanta, Ga., December 22.-Mrs.
B. J. Gibbons, the second living wife
of B. J. Gibbons, who committed sui?
cide at Norfolk, Ya., today, when
seen late last night, said: "I am glad
he is dead. I have no regrets to ex?
press." Mrs. Gibbons No. 2 was form?
erly Miss Emma Holcomb of Valdos?
ta, Ga., where she was recently mar?
ried to Gibbons. She said she would
make ^e^home in Atlanta.
The Absolutely Pure
? Baking Powder
Made of Cream of Tartar, and
Free From Alum or Phosphatid Acid
Royal Baking Powder renders bread, biscuit, cake
and all flour foods liner and more healthful.
Baking powders made from alum, phosphates and other
harsh, caustic acids are lower in price, but they are injurious ta
" The mjurious effect of alum on the pucous coat of the
stomach is positive and beyond dispute; it is both an irritant
and an astringent The use of alum in any article of food or
article used in the preparation of food should be prohibited. ?
JOHN C. WISE. M.D., MecBcal Inspector, U S. Navy.
RATES FOR CONVENTION.
The Railroads Have Announced a Rate
One Fare for Round Trip to New
Nev/ Orleans, December 21.-Rail- j
roads in the cotton belt of the South
have announced a rate of one fare for
the round trip for the mass conven?
tion of the Southern Cotton Associa?
tion to be held in New Orleans Jan?
uary, ll, ^2 and 13. This is the same
rate given last January -wh-sn tire ,
farmers, merchants and bankers from
Virginia to Okte.homa to the number of
3,000 met at New Orleans to organ?
ize the association. The coming meet?
ing is the first general convention to
have been held since the original meet?
ing and indications point to even a
larger attendance. President Jordan
states that he would like to see 5,000
delegates at New Orleans and in view
of the remarkable and enthusiastic
co-operation of the cotton producers
during their eleven months of organi?
zation, Mr. Jordan's estimate may not
fall much short of the desired num-'1
ber. The New Orleans mevting will
be held under the auspice of the New
-Orleans Progressive Tnion and New
Orleans Cotton Excha-ige who are de?
fraying all expenses. Secretary Henry
Mayo of the New Orleans Progressive
Union announces that Odd Fellows'
Hall has been selected as the meeting
place. This is one of the largest halls
in the city and is on Camp street fac?
ing tlie square opposite the city hall,
just five blocks from Canal street, is
well heated and lighted and conven?
ient to the various exchanges, the ho- j
tels and all street car lines.
To Create High Schools.
Columbia, Dec. 20.-The Southern
Education Board has offered to sup?
ply a salary of $1,500 a year to any ;
university in the South to engage a 1
man to push high school work in the I
The offer has been accepted by thc
University of Georgia, and if the uni?
versity idea of the trustees of South
Carolina College is carried out it will
be made to this State.
The facts were learned this morning
from the State superintendent of edu?
cation, who is receiving letters regard?
ing the meeting of the county and city
superintendents of education to be
held here December 27 and 2S. From
letters received it is evident that there
will be a very large attendance, and
the speaker at the joint session will
be Professor Jos. S. Stewart who holds
the position in the University of Geor?
gia mentioned above. Mr. Stewart
will address the meeting on his work
in Georgia as outlined.
The meeting of the county superin?
tendents will be held in the Senate
chamber at the Capitol, and the. meet?
ing of the city superintendents will be
held in the parlors of the Jerome Ho?
tel. Among the prominent educators
from other states who will be pres?
ent, is Prof. Lawton B. Evans, of Au?
Lancaster, December 20.-Bess
Reed, colored, fourteen years old. was
accidentally killed today on W Mci).
Brown's river plantation. While play?
ing about the gin house her clothes
caught in the shafting, hurling her
against the ground and breaking her
LESSON OE THE CHICAGO SMASH?
Thomas W. Lawson, of Boston, Inter?
prets to the Public the Meaning cf
the Recent Financial Sensation Itt
To the Eidtor of the News and Cou?
rier: Queer how long it takes the pub?
lic and then the press to find that a
cjiaiii, even a frenzied finance ^"K is
not endless once a link has dropped
out, to say nothing of a dozen linkst
I was obliged to send the public a
" year's^COjrtouou^^i^^ Insur?
ance befc*?eThey realized the fact that
the big thieves were the ones yet out
The result of my first message tc*
the President calling ripon him to*
jump examiners into banks and trust
companies simultanoeusly, so assets
could not be shifted, was the fail of
Walsh's chain structures. Walsh's
statement of yesterday covers the
grafting to a jointed fit. "If I had
more time I would have pulled,
through and made millions for my?
self and associates."
" That is what I have been calling at?
tention to. If the big frenzied finan?
ciers are only given time enough to
juggle people's savings, they caa
make millions, but if they slip up, the
people take the loss. Walsh's shortage
of six to twelve millions was nobly
taken care of yesterday by-No, no,,
by the frenzied financiers with their
own money, but with the money of
the people in the banks controlled hy?
the frenzied financiers, and the excuse
! was as good as the pickpocket's, who
j frankly told the Judge: "I need the
j The frenzied financiers said in sub?
stance: "We are all loaded with stocks
and if we don't stand by one another
there will be a panic, and we will,
lose," so they baled in another six to
I twelve millions, and if they pull:
! through they will get the benefits. If
i not, the public will get what they are
; now so well used to. But, will their
'baling go for naught? For the coun
? try is honeycombed with such chain?
I as Walsh's, and I am calling the at
j tention of the authorities to them,
j There is one in the northwest of eight
banks and trust companies, one in
Ohio of five at least, two more in Ch?-_
cago, one in Boston, and Nev/ EnglancL
of 23, another of eight, while in New
York one at least of ever 80, and
another of 30 edd, and the Lord only
knows how many more, all of which'
will go whenever the Washington au?
thorities pounce on them simulta?
neously without giving them a chance
to swap assets.
The men who stacked another six
to twelve millions of depositors' sav?
ings behind the Walsh's plunge yes?
terday should be given the same med?
icine as Milwaukee Bigelow got, and.
they probably will after the next one
or two exposures, which are now on*
the way. Thomas W. Lawson.
Boston, Mass., December 19.
C. P. Price has been arrested in
Greenville for the illegal practice of"
medicine on a warrant sworn out by
Dr. Davis Furman, president of the
South Carolina Medical Society.
The barn and stables of H. T. Thom?
as, of Bethune, were burned Thurs?
day. Three horses and a number of
vehicles, besides corn and forage,,