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Tlie Business of xix
For the past year was the largest in its history, and we beg to thank the merchants of South Carolina for the liberal share of patronage they have given us, and trust it was handled to th^ir
satisfaction. We also wish to thank the wearers of shoes for buying our well known brands in preference to all others
The Cotton Growers' Association, for two reasons, is in part resposible for the enormous increase in our busidess First-Their influence on the colton market enabled the farmers to
get a good price throughout the season. This put more money io circulation. Second-A sentiment: is being created in favor of patronizing home enterprises. Professional and business men,
its well as farmers, have been invited to join the Association and are working together as a man. They realize that the success of the one contributes largely to the success of the other The
sentiment is theie now, and the shoe jobbers in the cotton belt sold more goods last year by far than any year previous. There were four shoe jobbers in Charleston ten years a^o-there are
four now. We sold more goods last year than the four sold ten years ago, and we believe there ins been a large increase in the business of the other three. Charleston stands today in the
front rank as a shoe market. And we are in a large measure responsible for this condition. Why? Because we have put out a line second to none in the United States, and do not allow any
of our competitors to ofter better values than we do. The following celebrated brands are as yml or better known than any other shoes handled in this State :
FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
Red Bye, Astoria, Consolidated, Sam Lichten,
Southern King, Iron Age, Columbia Calf, Black Mingo,
Missing Link, Bates* Ga Special._
The Countess, Ainslee, White House Queen, Fuli Dress,
The Queen, Golden Bell, Blue Bell, j Ked Eye,
Inness' Kangaroo, Ruby, Gentry's Special_[ Blue Star,
FOR SALE BY ALL FIRST CLASS DEALERS.
Leather is very high now, but it is our intention to keep the above brands up to the standard Ic has been our policy in the^past and will be our policy in the future to improve the quality
of a shoe rather than to reduce it so as to be able to put out a shoe at a price. Again thankiug you for the liberal share of business given us the past year, and wishing you a'Merry Christmas
and Happy and Prosperous New Year. , Yours very respectfully,
Cljf lidjalaii w? ^ant?jrcii
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 27; 1935.
The Sumter Watchman was founded in
1850 and the True Southron in 1866. ' The
Watchman and Southron now has the com -
cined circulation and influence of both of
the old pap?is, and is manifestly the best
Advertising medium in Sumter.
A GOOD SUGGESTION.
We heartily endorse the suggestion
made today by a -<tez?? that-a fund
; he Used by popular subscription to
?re a ?tone to mark the grave of
Joseph Levan. The gentleman who
ma chis suggestion showed Jhjs eara
; estrus by tendering a suj^^ption.
||rJfc-rh Levan was a""man to whose
Brl.MkL the people o? Sumter can
: by so doing they will pay
^HBs^fflnW^erited tribute to honest
- -BH^'jBhrough^ut his long; life Joe
JR/JK13 true to his friends and
W^^K-werved him from allegiance
; ESS -"aHr^st in tbe white men of the
he openly declared to
..construction period it required
-. - ?b?e courage for a negro to take
^and nain tain the stand ?hat he did*
S^As we have said heretofore there was j
'>no iwgro in Sumter more sincerely
?hked and respected by. the white peo
" ?pie of all ages than Joe Levan and it j
- Taw?>ul?5 be but a small testimonial of
:their respect for them to mark his
t:-lasting resting place with an appro?
We know that the old Confederate
skaters will gladly contribute- to this
- fund for they showed in what esteem
?hey h eld him by attending his funer?
eal ia a body.
The Daily Item'suggests that the
^CpctributiOi?S be handed to Mr. J. D.
. ^Wiidei, who is an officer of Camp
:2>Ick Anderson, U C. V., and the us
^of these columns is tendered him 1 for
purpose of making acknowledge?
ment of the contributions received.
A QUIET LYNCHING
'Ocmrr.? in Barnwell Last Friday
'Columbia, December 26.-In one
"respect th.? roost unusual lynching
that ever o< ^: rv.: in this State took
piace in Ean:w< V: l Yiday night. Noth?
ing ha; been pub.! shed about it and
.the first kno-vn of it' was when the
.igoyv-i-r . ?;. rec - information from
? rr?p< :? of .; riff Creech this morn?
ing. The hing took place at TJi
mers, iv - ;:->es being the victims,
the:.- bein:; used of killing a
v:h-r . ! Craddock. Only
suspicion ar inched to the negroes,
i&r-r- ".>.-::..;. --. >of. "SVnile await?
ing i- t. ockup to be taken
?? : a ol . hem to death. Con
star.;.. ! .. .ted to the sheriff
nex; mon ? the prisoners had
- nico i/> Veterans.
Cres ;?s o ! r -: '.viii be given to sons
*?-nd of Confed?rete vete?
rans. If A>.i.larson Camp ?.
C., ;. - 19tb. I90G. Ap
S?eatiof ' be obtained from
?rs. S i ? t ice West Hamp
?cs? a"ka mest be filled
in aad :? . . :omptly, or crosses
cannot he i in time for be
?to^si ?:> '[.i: 19 : .
resp nding Secretary.
Itally >Crtrj;?t Report.
P? Privat The Sumter Cot
N7f- . COTTON. ?
C. 6? ' : Low Close.
Ja*. UV' ! . T ll 50 ll 57
Marci' il 37 :: ? li SO ll 84
Uni iel K) ll 95 ll 1:9
1"~ ; is*- vt.. .' is or i;>. ?f\
Vi 60: nncbang?
DECISION OF ASSOCIATE JUSTICE WOODS
Declares That Water Werks Bonds
Commissioners Are Authorized to Sell
tbe Bonds Turned Over to Them by
the City of Sumter and Purchase the
Water Works System.
The friendly suit brought by May?
or Geo. W. Dick and the city aldermen
against the commissioners of public
works of the city of Sumter^ was to
establish the validity or invalidity of
the $116,000 worth of bonds voted to
be issued for the purchase of the plant
owned and operated by the Sumtei
The decision of, the State Supreme
Court was in favor of the validiry of j
the bonds, which was established by j
I the following opinion of Associate !
Justice Woods in which the rest of the I
.court concurred: . j
1 In this proceeding, the city council ?
of the city of Sumter asks for a writ ;
of mandamus to compel the commis
sioriers of public works to sell certa.;
municipal bonds, aggregating in
amount one hundred and sixteen
thousand ^.$116,000.00) dollars, turn?
ed over to them bv tbA^**y council \
5Tvd, me proceeds in tne pur?
chase, under option he?d cy the city, ;
of che water works now owned by ttad j
operated by the Sumter Water Com- \
The answer admits all the facts set j
out in the petition, ? but alleges that :
"the bonds are invalid, unsalable and j
void, because, (a) the bonds were is- j
sued for the purchase of water works
already constructed, and under the
statutes a city in South Carolina has
no power to purchase waterworks al?
(b.) Because the question voted
upon in the election wras as follows: !
"Shall the city of Sumter purchase j
the property and rights of the Sumter j
Water Power Company and issue i
bonds in payment thereof in such j
amount as may be necessary?"
The negative ballots, it is alleged, j
were in precisely w-ords, "No" being
substituted for "Yes." "Whereas it- is
respectfully submitted that the defin?
ite amount of bonds to be issued
should also have been submitted to
the voters voting in said election."
The first objection to the validity of
the election raises a serious question
of constitutional and satuatory con?
It is provided by Section 5, Article
VIII of the constitution:
"Section 5. Cities and towns may
acquire by construction or purchase,
and may operate, water works systems
and plants for furnishing lights, and
may furnish water and lights to in
viduals, firm and private corporations
for reasonable compensation: Pro?
vided, that no such construction or
purchase shall be made except u?oti
a majority vote of the electors in said
cities or towns who are qualified- to
vote on the bonded indebtedness of
said cities or towns."
This article of the constitution ex?
pressly conferring the power to issue
bonds for the purchase of "water
works systems" "upon a majority vote
of the elecjors," necessarily implies the
power of the municipality to hold an
election to ascertain the will of the
majority, though possibly this right
might have been defeated by the fail?
ure of the General Assembly to pro?
vide election machinery.
Section 7. Article VII, contains this
Section 7. "No city or town in this
State shall hereafter incur any bond?
ed riebt which, including existing
bonded indebtedness, shall exceed 8
per cent. 0f the assessed value of the
taxable property therein, and no such
debt shall be created without submit?
ting the question as to the creation
thereof to the qualified electors of
such city or town, as provided in this
voting on the question shall be in fa?
vor of creating such further bonded
debt, none shall be created."
The provision for "such special
election" here referred to is found in
Section1 13 of Article II, which is as
follows: ' ' ?
Section 13. "In authorizing a spe
j cial election in any corporated city or
town in this State for the purpose of
j bonding the same, the General Assem?
bly shall prescribe as a condition pre?
cedent to the holding of said election
a petition from a majority of the free?
holders of said city or town as shown
by its tax books, and at such elections
all electors of such city or town who
jare duly qualified for voting under
Section 12 of th:.- Article, and who
have paid all taxes, state, county and
municipal- for he previous year, shall
be allowed to YO* e. and the vote of a
j majority . ? those voting in said elec
jtion sha?l be necessary to authorize
?the ?V. e of said bonds."
Ir. pursuance of the articles of the
?.Constitution, ..he General Assembly
& general law on the subject,
v.! Code, Section 2008) providing
Co: -.ions to be held "in accordance
v 1th me laws of force governing mu
nicipal elections" and prescribing as a
Son precedent to the holding of
I the election, thc :ii:::^ of the petition
!?escnbef* i", the Constitution. Either
cy madvertance cr design, however,
j this statute v. hi'e providing for is
! suance of bonds, sanctioned an
election, for the construction of water
? works, omits all reference to bonds
?for the purchase of water works. The
?case, therefore, stands thus. The
i constitution conferred upon munici?
palities the right to acquire, by con?
struction or purchase, water works
systems and to issue bonds therefor,
under the sanction of an election. In
enacting the general law for holding
I such el-d ons it was not within th"*?
! power ol the General Assembly to so
limit the use of the election machin?
ery provided as to deny ->ne of these
consthutional rights while giving op?
portunity for the exercise of the other,
which was linked with it and stood on
precisely the same footing. When the
machinery is provided, and the pre?
requisites of the election are laid down
by the General Assembly under the
mandate of the Constitution, ali rights
to which they were intended by the
Constitution to give effect may be ex?
ercised under them whether expressly
mentioned in the statutes or not.
The facts of this case do not war?
rant the court in sustaining the objec?
tion to the form of the ballot.** With?
out doubt, it is safer in such .flections
to have th_ ballot express the precise
amount to which it is proposed to Is?
sue bonds for then there can be nc
doubt of the voter having fair notice
of the import of his vote. Eut there is"
no statutory provision as to the form
of the ballot, and the most that the
court can require in this respect is
that the voters should have reasona?
ble notice of the election and the is
j sue it involve?. In this case thc bal
k t expressed that the issue was
whether the city should purchase the
Sumter ;v*?.u*: works and issue bonds
for the puchase money. The record
shows the purchase price aigreed on
by city counc:F-Defore the election was
$116,511.55. with certain small con?
tingent additions for experimental
boring of additional well?, and that
this was published officially and was
I otherwise known to the qualified elec?
tors and the freeholders of the city of
Sumter." It thus appears that the
municipal voters with full knowledge,
by the election gave their assent to a
bond issue exceeding $116,000.00,
which is the aggregate of the bonds
actually signed add now in tho hands
of commissioners of public works.
The bonds, therefore, cannot be
held invalid on the grounds that the
ballot did not give notice to the voters
of the issue involved in the election.
Under the facts of this case the bal?
lots were sufficient.
It is therefore ordered and ad
public works of the city of Sumter to
sell the bonds turned over to them by
the city of Sumter and make the pur?
chase of the waterworks, sanctioned
by the election hereinbefore, referred
THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL
Is Preparing an Interest Comparative
Statement of Land Tax Values.
Columbia, December 26.-Comp?
troller General Jones is preparing for
incorporation into his annual report
to the legislature, an interesting
comparative statment of the land tax
values of this State, the comparison
being as between the three decade
periods ending in the tax years of
1883-4, 1893-4 and 1904. The table,
when completed, will also show the
values for the present year. The fig?
ures are given by counties, and while
the table is not yet complete enough
to show all the final results for which
}t is intended there are some interest?
ing figures ready. The table shows
only the values for property outside
the incorporated cities and towns, but
these values include the buildings on
this country land. The table is there?
fore of particular interest as showing
the tax values on farm property. The
figures show that while this class of
property increased in value from
1883-4 to 1893-4 from an average of
$3.36 per acre to $3.74, there has boon
an actual decrease since the Tillman
regime to $3.72 per acre in 1904. The
figures for 19 05 have not yet been tab?
ulated. In 1883-4 the number of
acres returned was 17,404,927, the tax
value of*which was $53,475,922, as
against the total valuation of $67,462,
620 in 1893-4. Since that time there
has been a great quantity of land add?
ed to the tax books, through the re?
covery of marsh lands and for other
reasons, over 245,000 acres in the past
ten years, there has been not only no
proportionate increase in the total
valuation, but an actual average de?
crease of 2 cents per acre. Although
it is a well known fact that the sell?
ing value of farm property has gone
up in this State along with everything
else. In passing it should be noted
that this property does not include
cotton mill plants either outside or in?
side of cities and towns.
The table as a whole is not yet avail
able for publication, but the figures
for Anderson, Charleston, Florence,
Sumter and Greenville counties were
pointed out as showing interesting
The figures for Anderson are: Total
valuation In 1S83-4, $12,689,769, as
against $3.373,732 for 1S93-4, $2.817,
013 for 1904 and $2,829.311 for 1905;
the average value per acre for these
periods are $5.90, $7.67, $6.04 and
Charleston-$S 17,510. $910,309, $1,
842,105, $1,S33,645; average per acre,
$16.92, $9.12, $4.74 and $4.70. (Just
prior to the third period Charleston
added 80,000 acres from Berkeley
Florence-$1,346,6$5 for 1S93-4.
$1,477,310 for 1904. and $1,4SS,412 tor
1905, the average per acr e being- $3.7 i
$4.00 and ?4.03. (Florence is a new
coumy. and there are therefore no fig?
ures for the first period.)
Sumter-$2.295.100. $2.946.160. $1.
696.760. $1,694,660; average per acre
S4.4 3. $5.39, $4.".4 and $4.52. Sumter
i recently lost considerable territory to
$3.049,225. $3.069,250: average per
acre. $494, $r,.r,o. $6.23, $6.24.
Mrs. Thomas W. Woodward , ol
Winnsboro, was knocked down by a
trolley car on the streets of Columbia
Wednesday, but was not seriously in?
J. F. Grandy & Sons, of Greenville,
the contractors who have been build?
ing the big power dam on the Salud?
river, have been adjudged bankrupt
and work on the dam has stopped.
We are now engaged in our annual
work of taking an inventory of our
stock. It is possible as we proceed we
may find a few items of which we have
too much, or some that we are especially
anxious to dispose o? at a sacrifice, li so
you will be advised of it In the mean?
time permit us to wish you the compli
ments of the season, and to express our
thanks for the liberal patronage bestow?
ed upon us during the year about to
close, to which we will be forced, regret?
fully, to say
On February 1st, Durant's Pharmacy will give away a hand?
some Gold Watch worth ?40.00( or its equivalent, to be se?
lected at Folsoui's Jewelry Store.
The watch will be awarded to the person who guesses near?
est the number of seed contained in the big pumpkin now on
A disinterested committee will be appointed to cut the
pumpkin ?nd count the seed the day the contest closes.
With each live (5) cents purchase one guess is given. Ask
for a "Pumpkin guess" ticket, and record one guess for each
5 cents you spend.
A nVrPTTQT?lTT7\TT' "DT A PT?"H TV T?TT-n ATVTTT^ - -
OF TEE DAILY : CHM WILL BRING RT!< VT,