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THE SUMTES WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850. 'Be Jost and Fear not-Let all the ends Thon Aims't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and Troth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jute, 186?
Mandated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 10, 190#. IQ
New Series-Vol. XXT. No 25
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' SUMTES, S. C.
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?? SiuT?BE MEET .
THE eOVERSOR'S MESS?6L !
> '_ ?
The Dispensary System Should Be Pu- j
... riffed and Needed Changes Made.
Compulsory Education Law Rec
ia, January 9.-The House j
today did nothing- beyond hearing the j
Toole, of Aiken, age-in brought up j
his bills providing that the legal hours
of labor be ten instead of eleven hours j
as at 'present. H? brought up a bill j
making the legal fare on railroads .
cents instead of three cents.
The usual routine characterized the
session of the senate. Several mem?
bers were absent when the roll was !
* * I i
12^4. Lieutenant Governor Sloan !
trie a brief address, after which
i-. --. ?
Senator Carlisle of Spartauburg, was
sworn in and appointed to all commit?
tee places formerly held by his pre?
decessor, Judge Hydrick. An effort to
recommit all old bills on the calendar
failed, and while waiting for the gov?
ernor's message the calendar was
'ded. However, most of them were
The bill relative to giving the dis- ;
pensary committee . more power will j
be introduced until tomorrow. j
g-J vernor's message was,--in part, ?
'.ol lows: - - j
o the Honorable, the Gentlemen of
the General Assembly:
It is my high, privilege to welcome !
you tp our "?Capital City and to our '
legislative halls,. where you are to j
meet ?n annual session. Permit me, !
ttransmitting my message to you, J
emphasize the grateful thoughts ?
whicifc should be ours because of the j
?great I prosperity which has been j
vouchsafed unto us as a people. Xot I
only are we richer in the materia! j
for wi lien mankind so ceaseiessiy j
strives, but to these gifts have been j
?added the higher blessings which up- j
lift arid help and which bring peace j
and cc >ntent to those upon whom they 1
We j will all unite in the hope and
the bejiief that good to our State will
?-Continiie as the result of your delib
reratioAs, even as you will be united ;
in the/ fraternal bonds of true service
and pf patriotic endeavor.
[ State Finances.
^ I grateful to report an improved \
condition of our State finances. In my j
last rnessage I called attention to the j
pfaet ?hat, since the year 1900, the ex- j
pendftures had exceeded the revenue !
of t?ie State by annual sums varying .
from $10,045.42 to $20S,995.23. Dur- !
lng the past fiscal year the revnue has .
exceeded the expenditures by about j
$125,000, as is estimated by the Comp- j
This improved condition is empha- j
sized by the fact that the State Treas- j
urer has had to borrow less money
this year than formerly.
The corporation license tax, passeo j
in 1904, went into effect last year and j
thas operated most satisfactorily with j
p very little additional expense to the j
State for collection. From this tax j
about $64,000 in round numbers bas I
been realized. To this can be added j
from insurance license fees, $37,000: j
and from the Secretary of State $20,- j
000 has been received, making a total
^indirect revenue amounting to $121.
The estimated, receipts for the past
^.fiscal year from the 5 1-2 mill levy. I
aggregate $1,164,240, making a total j
estimated revenue of $1,295,240 from :
direct and* indirect taxes,
fr The estimated expenditures for the
past fiscal year show figures amount?
ing to $1,171,000, leaving a surplus
revenue over expenses amounting to
Asessment of Property.
It is a well known fact that the
burden is not equally distributed, and
it appears that a very large amount
of personal property is escaping taxa?
tion. Comptroller General Jones, wh.->
is a capable, thoroughly competent
and conscientious officer, believes, af?
ter careful study of the complex ques?
tions involved, that our present laws,
'.th a_few slight amendments, are
sufficient to correct these evils,
agree with him in this belief.
This being- the year for the reasse:
j ment of all property, the comptro?:
general has made a determined eff(
to enforce the tax laws.
An increased assessment does r
mean an increase in taxation, but sh
ply means an equalizing of the bi;
den. A certain amount of money
necessary to meet the requirements
the State government and a high
assessment would necessarily mean
corresponding decrease in the ra
I must repeat to you my recoi
mendation of last yea? in referen
to county auditors and treasure;
These officers, for very good reasor
should no longer be subjected to p
Utica! influences and to the neglect
their duty incident to political car
paigns for re-election.
There are now 8,804 'old soldiers >
their widows upon the pensi?n roi
of the State, to whom $200.000 is ai
nually paid. It will be seen that wh<
this appropriation is distributed
amounts to very little" in individu
cases. If the prosperity of the Sta
continues I should be glad to see th
appropriation for the brave d?fende:
of their home- and country increase
as much as possible.
Permit me to mention here, with tr.
sense of loss and the sadness whic
we must all feel, the death of a value
member of the sinking fund commii
sion, and a faithful' servant of or
State, the late Hon. Altamont Mose:
The only * cloud which throws
shadow over the State is the unsatis
factory condition of the dispensar*.
Great dissatisfaction has been mani
fested by the people in many quarter.5
It exists, I believe, because of loss o
confidence resulting from abuses i]
connection with its operation. Xo on
can deny that the present atmosphere
surrounding the dispensary is a grav>
reflection upon South Carolina, for i
is a State institution, and any odiun
whi,ch attaches to its operation neces'
sarily attaches to the State. Sinc<
last session a large number of countief
have voted out dispensaries, but ]
must say that the vote abolishing
them I take- to be a rebuke to thi
mode of operation rather than a re?
pudiation of the system itself.
Despite the event of the past yeai
and the revelations which have at
tended the investigations of your com?
mittee, I am by no means hopeless.
I still believe that the dispensary sys?
tem has many strong points and ad?
mirable features which commend it,
but in saying this I am by no means
blinded to its imperfections.
It is imperative for the honor of the
State that existing conditions should
be immediately remedied by radical
changes in the laws governing the dis?
pensary or by the adoption of a differ?
ent system for the. regulation of the
During r.he year that has passed
since last session I have given this
question my earnet consideration,
hoping to devise some certain reme?
dies for the evils complained, of but
have been impressed with no better
solution than was included in the
recommendations I made to you last
After mature reflection I am con?
strained to recommend that the
county "boards of control be abolished,
and the dispensers appointed by the
"State Eoard of Directors upon the rec?
ommendation of the legislative dele?
gations of the various counties.
It should never be the policy of the
State to force dispensaries upon coun?
ties or communities desiring prohi?
bition, nor to maintain them when it
is the wish of the majority of the peo?
ple to substitute prohibition in their
Legislation should be enacted at this
session to free the system from tho
abuses which have crept in, to em?
phasize its restrictive features, and
to ensure proper compliance with thc
strict letter of the law. This matter
will certainly be brought to your at?
tention at this session of your body. I
sincerely trust you will give it your
most careful consideration, and thai
you will, with a realization of your re?
sponsibilities, make a fearless and de?
termined effort to effect such changes
as will at least relieve our State of the -
reproach which certain features of the
dispensary system have cast upon us.
I need not assure you that in the dis?
charge of this duty I am ready and :
willing io aid you in every way that \
lies in my power.
Enforcement of Prohibition.
The enforcement of prohibition in '
counties which have voted out dis?
pensaries presents a serious problem, j
The present law, as I construe it. :
makes it the duty of the governor,
whenever he is satisfied that there are
violations of law in such counties, to
appoint constables; these constables
to be paid from the special tax levied
for that purpose. During the past j
year I have lx*cn confronted with !
many difficulties because of local con
ditions and diverse public sentime
but have endeavored to do what
considered my duty.
My experience in the enforceme
of this law has convinced me that c<
tain changes are necessary for t
mutual interests of all concern*
"While I believe that special offic<
are necessary to prevent violatio;
and that such officers should be p?
bv the count '.-v. ." ,->lso th'nk that thc
officers should be selected by local a
thorities and be under their directi
I, therefore, recommend that in f
ture this course be adopted, and tri:
you will so amend the law. The Ia
as it now stands, will give rise to s
rieus complications, and these shou
be avoided as much as possible.
Our Public School System.
The annual report of our Stace,S
perintendent of Education w
promptly sent to me, and the tho
ough manner .in which this most ir
portant subject has been treated i:
eludes some very gratifying stat
ments. It cannot be urged too oft<
that we have no more responsib
duty than is involved in the full ar
complete development of our educ<
tional system. Not only doo s th
mean the proper training for highe
citizenship, but it means also ths
South Carolina must and shall kee
pace with the advance made througl
out our country in educational ma
Better schools, more of them an
school improvement generally, fro:
the smallest old field schoolhouse t
the last detail of our largest institt
tions, these should command our tim<
our personal attention and our morie:
It .was a matter of sincere regret t
me that the compulsory education bi:
discussed at your last session did nc
become a law. While I believe that
schoolhouse should be within th
reach of every child in South Carolin;
I also believe that all children bc twee:
the ages of eight and twelve year
should be reciuired to attend schoo
for a certain number of months dur
ing each year, The distance from th<
schoolhouse to which this law sh oui (
apply, is, for the -present, a matte:
for your consideration. The State:
which have not adopted compulsor]
educational laws are today the excep?
tions, and I feel that South Caroline
cannot longer afford to delay in this
matter. I recommend that you agair
give this your consideration, with thc
hope that you will pass a law meeting
the requirements of the situation.
Department cf Agric ulture. Commerce
In my recommendation asking for
the establishment of this department,
to be in charge of a State Commis?
sioner, I was firmly convinced of the
necessity for such officiai action on
the part of the State. I have con?
stantly kept in close touch with, what
has been done, and with this expe?
rience I am more firmly convinced
than ever of the absolute necessity
for this work.
South Carolina, as you know, was
the first southern State to establish
such a departmment, and this has
widely advertised our resources. It
has been the aim of Commissioner
Watson to establish the work on Mast?
ing foundations, and I believe he has
The report of Adjutant and Inspec?
tor General Frost sets forth clean>
and concisely the condition and needs
of our National Guard. It shows that
we have 1.TS6 enlisted men. including
officers, and it is a pleasure for me
to say that from my own observation
the efficiency of this military organi?
zation is increasing each year
The State Hospital fer the .Insane
is the most important charitable insti?
tution conducted by the S rat; and the
eighty-second annual report of the
superintendent and board of regents
presents striking facts. The superin?
tendent regrets that the growth of the
Hospital and the demands made upon
it continue to exceed the limitations of
thc institution, both as to accommo?
dations and means of support. Dur?
ing the past thirty years the popula
tion of the asylum has quadrupled, i
while the appropriation has been only ?
doubled, and. in addition to this, f:>od- !
stuffs have increased 25 per cent in j
Formerly the per capita cost of j
maintenance annually amounted to
$210.00, and through the necessities of
the -i'uation this has been reduced to
.$105.00 per capita now. The officials
of the asylum are thus confronted
which requires your cooperation-u
with a serious problem, the solving of
problem which can only be relieved
by an increased appropriation.
The report suggests that the farm?
ing lands owned by the asylum have
so increased in value that it may be
judicious to sell them and purchase
land farther from the city at a much
lower cost. It is also suggested that
the present buildings and grounds !
could be used as a central reception j
hospital for more acute cases of. in- j
sanity, and that other classes cf pa- ]
tients might be distributed in colonie
on these farms. i
These suggestions appear to me t
be admirable and they, with the fu
report of the excellent managemer:
of this institution, should have you
most thoughtful consideration.
The South Carolina Penitentiary in
stitution is conducted in a most creel
table and satisfactory manner. Th
discipline, while rigid, is consid?r?t
and by no means severe. The greates
care and attention is shown for th
health and comfort of the convicts
I am glad to report that the new hos
pital foi; consumptives is now abou
completed, and in recognition of th
valuable services of Superinter.den
Griffith, who was mainly responsibl
for this humane undertaking, th
board of directors have seen fit ti
name this building the "Griffith Hos
pital." The farms owned by the Stau
are being constantly improved am
brought tu a higher state of cultiva
tion. These farms, in addition to yield
ing a fine profit, are of great benefi
ta the health of the convicts and ais<
furnish, in connection with this profit
the chief supply of provisions for th<
use of the inmates of the penitentiary
The reformatory for youthful crim
inals is a valubale adjunct to your Stat?
institution. This also is self-sustain?
ing, and the youthful criminals ar<
taught in rudimentary branches anc
are given religious education and in?
State Beard of Health.
The State board of health in their
annual report make several impor?
tant recommendations which should
have your favorable attention.
Report of the Historical Commission.
On the'20th of last February it was
my pleasure to sign the act passed by
your body at the request of the His?
torical Commission, this Act making
much more suitable provisions and
appropriations for the important work
entrusted to this Commission. The in?
teresting report of the work already
accomplished reveals the wisdom of
your action and contains some neces?
sary suggestions concering the furth?
er needs of this department.
The work of this commission would
embrace such matters a? the purclias
ing of the valuable collection of ab?
stracts and transcripts of European
papers bearing cn America, made by
tile late E. F. Stevens, of London, anc:
now for sale by his successors. This
particular collection of papers would
be of inestimable benefit to the stu?
dent of the Revolutionary history of
South Carolina, as a large part of the
papers bear directly on the struggle
in this State, and the matter therein
contained cannot be found elsewhere.
The State Geologist.
Since the establishment of this Dt_
patrment, the work has annually in?
creased in magnitude and impo:-tance.
Not only is the State geologist kepi
occupied in his own State, but numer?
ous calls fir information have been re?
ceived from various sections of the
United States and from abroad. Dur?
ing the past year much valuable work
has been accomplished by this depart?
ment in various sections of the State.
The report of this commission has
been received and will be submitted
to you. Full and complete details
concerning work within our State is
discussed and valuable statistical in?
formation has beer, compiled and
classified. Other subjects of interest
are also treated, among these being
railroad taxation, assessment per miie.
value of all railroad property in the
state. railroad construction, com?
plaints, adjustment of claims, local
and interstate rates, private car lines
and demarra r.e. The building of new
depots is considered also, and this
situation shows improvement.
Tn my last two messages I thought
it my duty to call your attention to tile
abs- lute necessity of adopting more
stringent measures for the proper en?
forcement of law. and particularly for
the prevention of lynchings. In re?
sponse to my request, you appro?
priated a special fund for this pur?
pose. This fund has been practically
exhausted in the prosecution of cases
which occurred prior to your last ses?
sion. Although I cannot report a sin?
gle conviction of the parties supposed
to be implicated. I am satisfied that
the appropriation has not been used
in vain. Investigations and prosecu?
tions were possible only by means of
this fund, and the results have strong?
ly contributed to the upholding of
law and order throughout the Sta to.
Had I been able to report to you, as
I had sincerely hoped to do. that our
Stau-, since your last session at least,
had been spared the shame of anoth?
er lynching-that for this period no
human life had been lawlessly and
barbarously taken by an armed mob
? would have been deeply gratified at
?ueh a convincing evidence of the in- .
creased respect shown for law and :
order. While we have every reason ?
for encouragement, the recent killing
of two defenseless negroes by an arm- ;
ed mob is for every reason to be
plored and condemned. Such <
rages are not only flagrant and ii
cusable, but they inevitably lead
the disregard of all law, the cheat,
ing of human life and the undermir
of our civilization, y
As long as I am governor of
State I shall use my strongest end?
or for the suppression and punishn
of those who disregard our laws,
pecially in the matter of lynching
shall not be deterred in the discha
of this duty, however unpleasam
may be, believing that in thus se
ing to uphold the law, I am 'serv
the best and highest interests of
State. I have been actuated solely
this motive in what I have done, ?
I am firmly convinced that one com
tion would not only materially
crease the future record of the St
in respect to lynchings, but would
so encourage -the upbuilding of a b
ter sentiment among our people.
In this connection I am gratified
report that during the past ye
whenever necessity arose, the sol
itors and sheriffs have shown ev?
desire to discharge their full duty a
to cooperate with me in every w
possible for the enforcement of lc
In increasing the number of jud
ial circuits in the State I understo
it to be your intention to abolish t
holding of special courts for t
transaction of civil business. The Ia
however, providing for these cou:
was not repealed at your last sessk
and, in addition to this, you renew
your former appropriation for t
purpose of holding special courts,
number of these courts have been he
during the past year; the appropri
tion has been entirely exhausted, a:
an unpaid balance amounting to se
oral hundred dollars will be present
to your committee on claims for pa
Without discussing the serious o
jections to special courts my e
perience has convinced me that it
unwise to maintain them as a part
our judicial system, ami? I further b
lieve that this is against the spirit
the law, which established two adc
tional circuits. Our tax problem is
serious one. and it should be relieve
whenever the interests of the Sta
do not suffer. For this reason ar
for other considerations which I lur
referred to, I recommend . that ye
make no appropriation for speci;
courts, and. in addition to this, th;
the law creating them be repealed.
A Public Library.
Tn the growing educational adva:
tages of our State I have thought, fe
some time, that the establishment, ui
on a suitable and proper basis, of
public library would be a most desire
ble step. Hon. Wm. Courtenay, wh
has done so much to preserve the his
tory and literature of our State, ha
submitted an interesting paper to m
bearing upon this subject.
Thc Catawba Indian Lands.
Another matter which I think nee
essary to call to your attention is th
question raised by the remnant of th
tribe of Catawba Indians, respectin?
the tract of ISO square miles whicl
they once held in the present countie
of Lancaster and York, and the smal
remnant of that tract, consisting o
20 acres, which they now occupy ii
the county of York. These land;
were formerly ceded to the Indians ir
a legal manner, and until IS40 wer
recognized by the State as their prop
erty, but. in the above year, the Stat<
made a treaty for the purchase o:
these lands. The matter was not sat?
isfactorily arranged, however, and hai
been in an incomplete form ever since
The Indians are now threatening tc
sue the State for tho recovery of th?se
lands, and have employed counsel foi
the purpose of presenting the mattet
to your body and for bringing action
in the courts zn case no satisfactory
arrangement is made.
In view of these facts, and the im?
portance of having the matter thor?
oughly investigated, both for the pur?
pose of rendering justice to the In?
dians and defending a suit in case
one is brought, I recommend that the
matter be investigated, and such ac?
tion taken as the facts warrant.
It is a rna uer of prime importance
to oui* State that our rivers, wherever
possible, should, be made navigable.
Tlio general government, in spite of
the efforts, of our representatives in
congress, has not dealt generously
with us in this matter, considering tho
great importance of these streams.
I believe that you should aid our
representatives by taking action upon
this subject, going to the extent of
memorializing congress to make the
a> ce ssa ry appropriation.
Xot only are tho rivers which flow
through our Sta.tr of importance to
us. but also of great importance is the ,
havannah river dividing us from Gcor- i
gia, and running the entire length of j
>ur State. An earnest effort is being ]
made by thc representatives in con- '
rress from Georgia to deepen this
j river, and our representatives have
j been requested to cooperate with
? them. It wuld be greatly to the mu?
tual benefit of the interests involved
to act together in the matter of se?
curing an appropriation for the rivers
of each State', and I hope this will be
At the general election of 1904 art
amendment to the constitution provid?
ing for biennial sessions of the Gen
i eral Assembly was submitted to the
j people, and was adopted. A commit
j tee was appointed from both houses
j at your last session to report what
j amendments to the Constitution anti
? statutes of the State will be necessary
; and proper to provide for such ses
I sions. I trust you will act upon the
! report of this committee, in order
.! that the amendment may become ef
! fective as soon as possible.
I believe that biennial sessions will
; afford ali necessary Iegis>ation, anti
i the people of the State have expressed
themselves in favor of the change. In
this connection I renew my recom
j mendation of last year that State offi?
cers be elected for a term of four
years, and not allowing them to suc?
ceed themselves. Upon further re?
flection. I would not include the of?
fices of Comptroller general and state
treasurer in this recommendation
with reference to reelection to their
The recent law requiring the comp?
troller general to investigate incen?
diary fires has not proved satisfactory,
and no doubt this officer will suggest
necessary changes to you. Since the
enactment of this law I have, in many
cases, refused to offer rewards believ?
ing that it would be proper for me to
I have the required legal investigation
? made. Considerable expense has been
incurred in conducting these investiga?
tions, and experience convinces me
that this has been an unwise expen?
diture. Many fires of supposed in?
cendiary origin can easily be traced to
some other cause, and in this connec?
tion I beg to call attention to the fact
that the State of Nev.- York has a
law reouiring all dealers to ?eli noth
! ing but safety matches. I recommend
j your favorable consideration of such,
a law. especially as safety matchee
sell at about the same price as the
Industrial School and Refermator>.
' The bi1.! to establish an Industrial.
Schooi and Reformatory was defeated
at the last session cf your body be?
cause you failed to agree upon minor
differences which developed during
j the discussion of this measure. I
(trust that at this session these differ
! enees may D*e adjusted and the school
! established, for I feel that much good
would be accomplished cy such a re?
Thc Jamestown Exposition.
Our sister State of Virginia has
taken the initiatory steps to celebrate
the establishment of the colony at
Jamestown, the first permanent Eng?
lish settlement made in the southern
portion of the United tSates.
This event will be of no ordianry
importance, and the work already ac?
complished in other States and abroad
gives most auspicious promise of an
appropriate observance of ail which it
commemorates. I sincerly trust that
your consideration will give to South
Carolina the position she deserves in
this celebration, and I recommend
such an appropriation as you may
deem necessary for this p?;rpose.
I have sbumitted to you such infor?
mation concerning affairs of State as
I have deemed necessary for your
consideration. Unto" you, the honored
representatives of eur people belong;
the responsible duties of your office
as law makers for your State. Frome
your consideration will give to South
your deliberations results must inev?
itably crme, and by these results you
are to bc- judged.
Believing that in the discharge of
these grave responsibilities you will
be guided and controlled by integrity
of purpose and fidelity to your trusts
in all that yon do, I commend the
great interests of your people unte
you and await the results with confi?
dence and with hope.
The State Firemen's Association was
1 chartered by the secretary of State
Mr P. T. Wells has resigned as gen?
eral manager of the Union and Glenn
The railroad commission meets- on
Thursday to elect a secretary to suc?
ceed Col. D. P. Duncan.
A Coast Line train was stopped near"
Lake City a few days ago by the con?
ductor and the entire crew assisted ir*
extinguishing a house that was on
fire near the track.
Wallace Thorne, colored, commit?
ted suicide at Chester Sunday by
drowning because he could not pro?
cure thc release of his wife from the