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Senator Tillman on Judges.
In another column it will be seen
that Senator Tillman is not favorably
impressed with the manhood and abil?
ity of some of the supreme bench.
The Seester should remember that
some of these judges were elected on
account of their loyalty to him ia
fenner days and he should not be too
hard on ti&em. It looks too much like
kicking au old frog off from the home
after his hunting days aie over. He
may have reference to Chief Justice
Pope whose term will soon expire. Bis
successor has to be elected in January,
or before the Legislature adjourns.
One objection to him is that he held
up his decision in \arious dispensary
eases till January which he should
hs ve decided at once. There was
nothing in the cases that would re?
quire much time for one skilled in law
to leach a positive and denfiita decis?
ion. The reserving of an opinion gave
the dispensaries an opportunity to un?
load thousands of packages of whiskey
on the public during the' bo?day sea?
son. The Legislature shoold consider
this question of electing a Chief Justice i
like loyal citizens of the State and ?
place a man at the head of the Judiciary,
skilled in law,^quick in comprehend- !
ing difficult and abstruse questions]
. and fearless in rendering his decis-1
ions. A man- is wanted for the place j
who can write bis opinions in clear,
concise,strong language about which
there can be no question. If Justice
Pope is that sort of a man, the State
would not suffer, if he is his own suc?
cessor. If he is not, cause him to
stand Wide and put the right sort of
a man in bis place. Tne State has
such men.-Carolina Spartan.
A Jamaeian Lady Speaks Higldy of
Chamberlain s Cough Remedy.
?Mrs. Michael Hart, wife of the su
>erintendent of Cart Service at Kings?
ton, Jamaica. West Indies Islands,
says that she has for some years used
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy for
coughs, croup and whooping cough
and has found it very beneficial She
has implicit confidence in it and
.would not be without a bottle of it in
her home. Sold by all druggists.
Sample bottle free if you write
Checkers Medicino Co., Winston-Salem, N. OL
Geo, 8. Hacker & Sos
<4 ANTIKACTURERS 0F
Moulding & ^uildln^
o?se A i-? *A-irero Ki.3, K?cg, -ppoai?e C
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Pnrr^apf our rattle. ^Hicb we g7iar*ct<
ri'70'rior to aoy soie" South, -?U \
?J>e<poh - ca vf money
Wiccbv: and Fancy Gises a Special*}
, ._O?itf-fnut im?! toni?
"JJ\ * TVE CSiOi?i2?T?irS ENGJUES?
p^H*?!', -vi li.y i E?r* ?Jeld m<1a31e c.x?: -.(.j...
*A S? g ' : ??i~'>. ? MK?- no other. Rcfu?c
<?Hi t'.^; (SjiCTNia* ^;if>-i?:ur: nr.? Iniir^i
I / ~ j'., fl?**. f.'.y ot ?.>.>- ?i-jLB:i t. <r MU . 4c. ?
1 21 : ' . - ?- ???rtfcrflm. Tcnfmtwiwf
XV ." *.'> ' "IN I? NTLO??C?.3^ l-r.cr h.- .p.
-\ 2. r -, f.urr~- .'. ?....?'. * ' ?t?nwa?K S.'?.:?.,
For a dear complexion take
Pleasant to take
Orino cleanses the sys?
tem, and makes sallow
smooth and clear. Cures
chronic constipation by
gently stimulating the
stomach,Hver and bowels.
Refuse substitutes. Price 60o.
AX EVIL GROWING.
?The Habit of Advancing Money to
Colored Laborers Threatens Agri?
en! toral Welfare of the State."
The now common practice of advanc?
ing money to negro wage bands in the
effort to secure their service as labor?
ers on the farm is au evil, and as
great an evil in its scope as was the
right of coi versai and unqualified
suffrage, such as so nearly wrecked
and ruined the So ?th foi* many years
following thc civil war. It is an evil,
tb? practice of which has already de?
moralize! negro labor, and its eSect is
being felt tu a degree that threatens
j tte downfall of agriculture and the
j consequent prostitution of our South
fern institution. This evil, we be?
lieve-have been told-had its origin
ia our own county, Laurens, some
twenty-five or more years ago, and bas
since tuen grown steadily and has
spread all over the State, and is stiil
spreading. It has brought about a
condition that a white * farmer, no
matter how inviting and how fruitful
his soil, and no matter how badly be
may need help to seed, cultivate and
harv3?t his crops, need not for a mo?
ment foster the hope of hiring a ne?
gro, no matter how, hungry, how
ragged and dependent the negro may
be,. without tirst putting up a cash
bonus-advauciug a stated and de?
manded amount in order to secare at
least the promise that the applicant
i will ou a ceTtaiu day begin work upon
the financeering landlord's prem?
And seven times out of ten or at not
a badly dissimilar ratio the negro.a?ter
securing the cash demanded, moves on
and "sells" himself to another and an?
other farmer, thus duping a good long
string of unwary and unsuspecting
land-owners, only to skip for parts un?
known, or else land in limbo, to be
bought by the farmer possessing the
Thus the country is overridden by
an endless chain of negro .dead beats
while tbe farmer, disgusted at the
painful outcome of his own folly, tries
tu find an asylum in town or is com?
pelled to sacrifice* h is meagre belong?
ings, and seek a place of refuge in the
wilds %i the West.-Clinton (?azette.
Raises Pork for 3 Cents a Pound.
One of your readers makes the in?
quiry as to bow I feed my pigs from
the time they are taken trom the
moth2r till ready to slaughter. I have
a small place in the pasture or in the
pen, if in winter time, ienced off so the
little pigs can run in and out as they
please, but the old hogs cannot get
into the pen. I place milk in it so the
little on? can get it when two weeks
old uuiess there is a snell litter
and the mother sow has all they
Wben I do not have milk for all
of the pigs I make a thin slop of homi?
ny meal. When the pigs are fi?e weeks
old I take two of the best ones away
from the sow ; in a few days I take a
few more away and so on till all the
pigs are taken off the sow. Then I
feed the little ones four or five times
a day all they will eat and eat up
clean of hominy meal and good, clean
water mixed up so it is thin till they
get started a little, or in other words,
till they are about eight weeks old ;
then I gradually add more meal so ss
to make the slop thicker.
As they grow older I drop out one of
their leeds until they are fed three
tines a day. After this they get a
thick hominy slop morning and night
and for dinner I soak whole corn for
them. I put the-corn in the food pail
and fill the pail with water at noon ;
the next day at noon that is fed to
them and another mess put to soaking
for the following day.
If it is winter and I have a few ap?
ples, or roots, I give them some once
in awhile just to sharpen their apee
tites. If it is in summer (which is
the time to fatten pigs) I give them a
pasture to run in. 1 never keep* a pig
or hog doused in sommer and when I
say I keep them in a pasture I do not
mean a little tucked-up pen 10 or 12
feet square; give them an acre, or
even more, and have good, clean wa?
ter somewhere in the lot so they can
have what they w?nt. In this way it
is po trouble at all to produce the best
qualify of pork that is healthy and
tree from disease at a ct st of three
cents a ponnd -B. C. Newell, in New
Greatly in Demand.
?Nothing is more in demand than a
medicine which meets modern re?
quirements for a blood and system
cleanser, such as Dr. King's New Life
Pills. They are just what you need to
cure stomach and liver troubles. Tiy
them. At all druggists, 25c, guaran?
Danger in Delay.
Eidnev Diseases aro Too Dan
gerous for Si nrer People
The great danger of kidney troubles is that
they get a firm hold before the sufferer rec?
ognizes them. Health is gradually under?
mined. Backache, headache, nervousness,
lameness, soreness, lumbago, urinary trou?
bles, dropsy, diabetes and Bright's disease
follow in merciless succession. Don"! neg?
lect your kidneys. Cure the kidneys with the
certain and safe remedy. Doan's Kidney
Pills, which has cured people right here in
B. A. Belts, well-known farmer, living two
miles north east of Sumter, says: "I believe
Doan's Kidney Pills which I procured :r. Dr.
. A. J. China's drug store are a good kidney
j remedy. For a number of years I had a hr-.r-.!
I time with ray back and every cold I caught
: settled in my oack and thc pain fell just
i like rheumatism and would ju-t lay me up. !
could not sit for any length of tiine in one
i position or attempl to turn over in bed with
: out tin- sharp pain striking nu- and makincrne
- yell rightout and I had t<> trike holdofsome
unng io support me when ! got out of hod.
! Tin- kidney .secretions were irregular, un
: natural and at night too Cretmem in action.
I used iots of remedies and too'? doctor's
: iedicin< hm wasjus? the same after I used
; therjiHs before. ! was told al>oui Doan's Kid?
ney Pills curing other people so I went rind
; them. They helped me immediately and
. since then t lie pain has ?eft me. my !?ack is
! strong.and the kidney secretions do not ;>.>?, j,
\ er n.e. My health is greatly improved in
i every way and I give Doait's Kidm y Pills the
For sale by all dealers. Price. 50 cents.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. V.. sole
, agen ? s for the I 'ni ted St ates,
i Remember the name-Doan's-and" take no
THE STATE'S TWO PROBLEMS.
The Solution of the Liquor Question
and Commpulsory Education.
At least two problems-fundamen?
tal and. vital in the economic, social
and moral life of every people-now
face the people of our little State
the dispensary and compulsory edu?
caron. There is no need of review?
ing the steps by which a proud com?
monwealth was revealed as an active
agent in encouraging graft and in de?
bauching its citizens. The question
now is how to rid ourselves of the dis?
grace and remedy the evil. The condi?
tion could not be made plainer. The
remedy, however, is yet far. from
plain. It is no time for protestation
and mere moral platitudes any more
than for the whinings of tax dodgers
and politicians who are filled with so
j licitude for the pockets of the dear
people. The question of dispensary
involves the solution of the far greater
and more complex question of the
drink trade and habit. None who
place the truly moral and -spiritual
above gain and expediency will hesi?
tate to place the ultimate solution in
prohibition-the protection of the
weak and the shielding of the inno?
cent. But it is in the mediate step;,
that they are honestly divided. Shall
we strive for immediate prohibition?
If so, shall it be by State or county?
Or can the people be brought to prohi?
bition only by sane and righteous reg?
ulation-if there can be any such
thing as righteous regulation of so
dehasing a traffic? Certainly there is
need for fullness, frankness, sanity of
investigation and discussion. The is?
sues at stake are too momentous and
far-reaching to risk haste in the selec?
tion of means. Certainly, too, those
of us who are opposed on principle to
any phase of whiskey traffic must not
shut our eyes to actual facts and con?
ditions. A mistaken zeal may over?
leap Itself and thwart and postpone
reform as much as intentional obstruc?
The question of compulsory educa?
tion will also come up during the next
session of the legislature. This rques
tion involves necessarily the wider
questions of the enlargement and bet?
terment of our public schools, child
labor and the right of the State to in?
terfere with parents who would sup?
port themselves at the expense of their
children'? future. It is to be hoped
that the coming discussion of these
questions will be free from the bla?
tant narrowness of the demagogue and
the littleness of race prejudice. It
would be well, too for all who take
part in debate to make sure of the
accuracy of their data and illustra
tions. Ignorance is as misleading as
Compulsory education and child la?
bor must depend for their solution
upon a sane legislature urged on and
supported by a well defined public
opinion. The initiative and success in
the betterment of our schools must be
largely local. There is need for better
school buildings, growing libraries
and better paid, therefore better
equipped, teachers. These are within
the reach of nearly every community
in the State. The difficulty lies large?
ly in a selfish ignoring of obligation to
one's community in a narrow view }f
duty to one's children and a conse-^
quent unwillingness to give generous?
ly of time and money to the support
of the focal school. Of hardly less
importance is the selection without
prejudice, partisanship and personal
imbition of the most efficient and suit?
able men in the community for the
position of local trustees.-Southern
SHOOTING IN KERSHAW.
Camden. January 10.-Henry Sut?
ton, who lives about five miles east
of Camden, on the Eishopville road,
shot John Hall twice in the head with
a pistol yesterday. They were on their
way from Camden and the shooting
occurred in the public road in front
of Pine Farm. Both are colored. I
could not learn thc cause of the trou?
ble, but understand they had. some
trouble in Camden. Sutton is one of
the best negroes in the county, and
Hail has_been shot before. They were
Iiinking. as is usually thc cas^ in all
such difficulties. Ha1! was taken
home and was still olive, but blood
could be seen all along the road.
After several weeks of rain we are
again having some good weather.
Fanners are trying to finish up all
odd jobs while the ground is too wot
to plow. Thorough preparation is
the secret of Rood farming. One day's
work now will save two i.t working
Mr. L. T. Kelley, who has been at?
tending to business for Mr. H. G. Car
.?'.-<-.> on Hermitage for the past four
years is quite sick, and is nor expect?
ed to live. Mr. Kelly is a ?rood man
and will be missed ii: this section.
Soothing and Comforting.
*The soothing and comforting ef?
fects of Dewitt's Witch Hadel Salve,
when applied to piles, son s. cuts,
boils, etc.. subdues pain almost in?
tently. This salve draws out the in?
flammation, reduces swelling and acts
as a rubefacient, thus circulating the
blood through the diseased paus, per?
mitting r?r aiding nature to perma?
nently remove tho trouble entirely.
Sold by all druggists.
INDEPENDENCE AT LAST.
Tlie Up-Country No Longer Depend?
ent Upon Charleston Banks for
A phase of the condition of marked
properity of South Carolina at the be?
ginning of this new year which is of
special interest and application to the
Charleston financial institutions is in
the large accumulation of wealth in
the upper section of the State, tending
to make that section independent of
local financial circles this year.
Charleston has been the banking
center of South Carolina for years, in
fact from the very beginning of the
State, and this financial relation has
been the means of much of the influ?
ence which this city exercised.
Charleston money has been used in
the development of all sections, ?n
building railroads, and establishing
cotton milis and other industrial and
mercantile ventures. Money which
could have been put to good use in
promoting local establishments has
been used in the development of other
communities and .'sections, and now
many of these communities have be?
come so solidly established that they
have all the money that they need and
are now independent of 'their former
source of financial dependence. This
is especially the case this year on ac?
count of the general prosperity of the
farmers and country merchants. The
high price of cotton allowed the farm
ers to pay their liens and give them a
bank account, after putting their prop?
erty in good repair and the payment
of these liens has thrown .a large
amount of money into circulation. ,
There is more money loose in South
Carolina this year than there has been
in many years, and the people have
been?*genera?y more prosperous than
ever before. With the establishment
of banks about cotton mills, built
with Charleston money, the profits of
the mills have found their way into
these depositories 'and the wealth of
the sections have grown and. become
strong to such an extent that under
ordinary conditions, these banks can
supply the money needed for such
commercial enterprises, without mak?
ing a call on Charleston. The numbe .
of these banking centers through the
State have grown in number as well
as wealth and standing, and the show?
ing of .these various communities at
the beginning of the new year has been
in the nature of a general revelation
and surprise to the financial people.
Columbia banks have deposits of
more than $5.000,000; there arc sev?
enteen banks in Anderson county with
deposits of almost $2,000,000, which
with the dividends of cotton mills and
other enterprises have netted the in?
vestors more than half a million dol?
lars, and many other cities and coun?
ties through the State make an almost
equally strong financial showing
The present prosperity is exception -
al, and the present feeling of independ?
ence on the part of the larger com?
munities in the upper section of the
State towards Charleston may not last,
but there is sufficient wealth and
standing to make these places require
less support from Charleston than they
have had heretofore and all indica?
tions point to a continuance of this
state of affairs, with the up-State bank?
ing institutions growing more numer?
ous and stronger. While there will
be times when Charleston capital will
be needed for commercial enterprises
through the State, these calls will not
be as heavy or as numerous as "they
have been in the past, and this is the
lesson which is now taught in the
unprecedented prosperity and sound?
ness of the finances of upper South
The idea of the Charleston bankers
is to have Charleston the banking cen?
ter which her great wealth naturally
entitles and creates, and it is not prob?
able that this position will ever be
wrenched from this city by any of the
magnetic cities of the interior. With
the growing independence of the mon?
ey circles of the interior of the State,
thc- Charleston bankers will keep in j
close touch and will endeavor to make j
it to the mutual interest of the cities
and sections that Charleston shall con?
tinue to be the money center of South
The ?ess demand for Charleston
money is expected to prove a good
thing, perhaps the best thing that has
ever hav ened for Charleston, for lt :
will result in this enormous capital j
seeking investment in Charleston,
rather than up the State. There are j
lots of enterprises which will be found j
for development, when money lies idl .
through demand and Charleston will ?
be the botter for the independence of j
the money centers of upper South Car- j
A Grim Tragedy
Is daily enacted in thousands of j
homes, as death claims, in eacn onie. |
another victim of consumption or
neumon?a. But when coughs and
dolds are properly treated the tragedy
is averted. F. G. Huntley, of Oaklan
don, Ind.. writes: "My wife had th-'
consumption, and three doctors gaye
her up. Finally she took Dr. King's
Next" Discovery for consumption,
coughs and colds, which cured her,
and today she is well and strong." lt
kills the germs of all disoases. One
dose relieves. Guaranteed at 50c
and $1 by all druggists. Trial bottle
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the Signatare of
and has been made under his per
-ffl-f -fl- sonai supervision since its infancy.
(<%?C*UA? Allow no one to deceive you in this.
Ali Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but.
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the heaith of
Iniants and Children-Experience* against Experiment;..
it is CASTOR IA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, I>rops aud. Soothing Syrups. ?t is Pleasant, ft
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other JSi>rcoti&
substance. Its age is its guarantee. Ir destroys W^rms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, ^eures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates ihe
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep?
The Childrens Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears tire Signature cf
? Tie Kind You Haye Always Bought
in Use For Over 30 Years
THC CENTAUR COMPANY? TT MURRAY STRCCT, NEW YORK CITY. ,
W. A. BOWMAN, Pres. ABE RYTTENBERG, V. Pres.
P. G. BOWMAN, Sec. & Treas.
The. Sumter Banking
& Mercantile Company,
Sumter. S. G.
mmmmrnQ,2i?\\jaX Stock $50,000??*??*?**?
Wholesale Grocers, Fertiliz
ers and Farmers' Supplies.
Sole agents for the celebrated brand of Wil?
cox & Gibbs Fertilizers.
We are prepared to quote the very closest
cash or time prices on au lines ofA
.. :. ? * . . . - ...**;
Groceries, Fertilizers and Farmers*
And invite your investigation before making
your arrangements for another year.
Come to see us. We will save you money,
and give you a hearty, courteous welcom?.
Sumter Banking & .
Masonic Building, 2d door from the Postoffice.
Sumter, S. C.
MBMBMmUEMHBKI IIIIIII HIB || I I .11..11 I IIIKaM?MKK?BME?HMUBnBM?MMMm.
WHISKEY ? MORPHINE j CI6A ? ETTE ALI. DRIX A ND TOBACCO
HABIT. I HABIT. i HABIT. I HABITS.
Cured by Keeley Institute of S. C.
1329 Lady St., (or P.O. Box 75) Columbia. S. C. ConfideLtial cor re.? pond en oe eolicitfd
By buying one of our many styles of
They are great fuel savers.
Coma and see our large stock of Cook ^Stoves
and Ranges. We have the right prices.
And a large assortment of other makes of Guns
that should please the most fastidious hunts?
Use our celebrated Paint : De
voe. New Era and Hammer, and
wear a continual smile of satis?
AN ADVERTISEMENT PLACED IN THE ADVERTISING
COLUMNS OF THE DAILY ITEM WILL BRING RESULTS,