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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 02, 1909, Image 1',
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not MUTER WATCHMAN, Ettakll
('?emlf dated Aug. 2.18
Cbt t?latrbman ano .Southron.
Pa blithe* I Wednesday and Saturday
MTECN PUBLI8NIN8 COMPANY
sumtur. a a
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Contracts for three months, or
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tor as advertisements.
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TAJNTVD MONEY DANGEROUS.
lYenbyterlan MlulHfer Calls on Ken
turklan* to Resist Influence of
Savannah. Qa., May 17.?An after
msth of the Central University fight
before the General Assembly of the
Southern Presbyterian Church cam'
today when a resolution wno offered
by Dr. C. W. Orafton. which was af?
terwards refeired to a special conj
mlttee. which has been Intrusted
with the t*s>. of drawing up a reply
to the Synod of Kentucky on the
After urging "all our people in
atentnes- to stir up and maintain
seetlnvnt so strong as to detect and
approach every form of evil which
may Impair the Influence of their
?Teat university." the resolution con?
?There la weakness In poverty in?
deed, but there Is sometimes danger
m riches. We believe Indeed that the
?Tester danger at this day lies in the
overshadowing endowments that are
urtfrtendly to *he Bible. We therefore
us go owv schools to resist the charms
of anseacMoed wealth and to keep
free from all alliances
Impair tholr testimony
of Ood and the faith of
offered a reeolu
grgumes* advanced by the
of the Kentucky Synod's*
'stdo of the controversy Woo that the
Ooueral Assembly had no jurisdiction
In ttse university case and that any-1
way K waa too late to withdraw from
the position that bad been taken. The
"Resolved, That It Is the opinion of
this Assembly that no Inferior cou-r
^aa a right to take sny action that l**]
not subject to the review or redress
of the hikher court.
"That the Assembly further in?
structs all lower courts to take no ac?
tion that will tend to lessen the
church's direct control and owner?
ship of all its own educational insti?
The r.-port of the foreign missions
committee was adopted, recommend
log Mies Alice Dwyer for minion
worg In Mexico. Because of her age
the eommlttee refused to send her to
any Old World or Eastern field.
A foreign mloslons meeting was
held. Dr. R. C. Reed, of Columbia. S.
C. being In the chair. Six mission?
aries were heard from?Dr. 8. P.
Fulton, of Jspan. and Drs. W. U
Venable. Maxy Smith, James B.
Wood. J. R. Wilkinson of China and
Rev. L. C. Vase, of Lue bo. Africa. It
now seems most probable that to?
morrow will see the adjournment of
Tonight sn address was delivered
upon the subject. "How Far Has Ori?
ginal Calvinism Been Modified by
Time*" by I>r. 8. A. King, of Aus?
tVfHD CAGE BLOWN TWO MILES.
Vet Net eher Cage Nor Canary With?
in It waa Injured In Cyclone.
Edgefleld. May 2? ? Miraculous
things always attend a cyclone. In
the oae that recently visited this
place, a cage containing a canary
bord belonging to Mise Patterson was
blown two miles, lodged In the plzzu
of a friend and was returned the fee*
lowing day. neither bird nor cage re?
The annual convention of the
State Funeral Directors' Association
will be held In Charleston June 22
A mad dig at Florence bit several
people. They have been sent to At?
lanta for treatment st the Pasteur
The bad meat In Greenville that
caused a stir among xhe health au?
thorities several days ago has been
son verted into soap grease.
Wied April, 1850. Be jlust Bl
KENTUCKY SYNOD IN CENTRAL
UNIVERSITY CASE SUS
Hard Fight In Assembly?Question
Gone Into In Various Directions Be?
fore Settlement?Other Features.
Savannah. Ga., May 26.?Xo Inter?
ference with the present status of
Central University of Kentucky is to
be made by the General Assembly of
the Presbyterian Church. The vote
that deckled th!s question was upon
a motion to sustain the complaint of
Gen. Bennett H. Young and Rev. C.
W. Somerville of Kentucky against
the Synod of Kentucky, which had it
?I would have brought before
ihr Afc.*embly the whole question of
.Jurisdiction and would have delved
*>ack deeply into the history of the
passing of Central University from
the control of the Kentucky Synod.
The agreement was reached lat*
IS afternoon and la probably final.
The vote to sustain the complaint was
lost. 80 to 99. Two vote*, one of
them cast by a former moderator,
Rev. W. W. Moore, were recorded as
in favor of sustaining the complaint
in part. Two minutes each were al?
lowed the commissioners to disclose
their oplnkn on the question after the
complainants and representatives of
the Synod of Kentucky had finished
their agruments. Most of those
who spoke favored the complaint
whfle moat of those who voted against
It were silent.
Moderator William E. Boggs of At?
lanta, however, was decidedly against
the complaint, aaserting that a sol?
emn compact had been entered into
and that It would be morally wrong to
break It. He said he was sure that
if the complaint was sustained, It
would be cure to result in lawsuits
over the school property.
Rev. J. M. Wells of Wilmington. X.
C, caused a amall sensation when he
used the words "talned money" refer?
ring to the Andrew aCrnegie founda?
tion and, charging that Mr. Carnegie
was an atheist* said It was tak'n*
. S. A. King, of Austin. Texa*.
te regretted to see the* flag of
rterlanlsm torn down and that
of Carnegie raised.
Dr. E. M. Green declared that a
stain had been cast upon him by one
jmragraph of the complaint of Gen.
Young and Rev. Somervllle, and tb??t
It eharged him personally with an of?
fense. "I feel that some imputation
hns been cast upon me," he said,'"No
stain has been on my name since 1
have been in the ministry. I hive
passed the three score years and ten
and will soon retire and I do not wan'
to retire with thnt atam." Gen. Young
s^ose and stated he would withdraw
the offending paragraphs, but this
was declined. A motion was mide to
wipe out the paragraphs wherever in
the complaint a personal r-flection
*vas made on any person. Thli was
carried. The whole matter was cast
out of the *-ccUslastical court when g
resolution was passed to the effect
?ml It was nc?. for the peace and edi?
fication of the ihurch further to pro
Jong the con "^versy and that the
"Assembly di< iTdsscs the complaint."
Aside from this all absorbing topic
of the Central University In te.*<**;. cen?
tred today in tne report of the As?
sembly's committee on foreign mis?
sions. It was reported that during
the ;ear an increase of more than 2,
000 member.* ef the church in for?
eign fields had been attained while
the gTOwlr;: 1'iendllness on the pari
?f heathen Peoples furnished a proph?
ecy of greater harvests in the near
Twenty-nine new missionaries were
sent out during the year, China get?
ting It, Brai.l three, Africa two, Ko?
rea seven, Cuba two. Eighteen of the
number are women. Contributions to
the mission's treasury for the year
were $412.15?.63, an increase of $88,
277.99 over the previous year.
The question of the age of Miss
Alice K. Dwyer of New Orleans en?
tered Into the report. Miss Dwyer'*
age is given as 46 and her application
frr appointment as a missionary hud
been turned down on this account.
Without altering the opinion a* to
the correctness of the refusal to en?
gage her it was decided to recom?
mend to the Assembly thnt mission?
aries In Mexico and Cuba be asked If
a w??man of her ag* could ba of ser
Seventeen delegates, it i> under?
stood, are to be ?<ent to a world's mis?
sionary congress to be held In Edln
burg, June 14-24, 1910. Mrs. Chf.mp
Clark. Mrs. John B. Knox and Mrs.
Elizabeth P. Allen were named as the
women delegates in the report.
Tonight Dr. Henry Collln Mlnton.
Trenton, X. J., delivered an address
on "Calvin, the Theologian."
id Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aln
dTER. S. C. WEDN1
FIREMEN'S STRIKE SETTLED.
TRAFFIC OVER THE GEORGIA
RAILROAD IS RESUMED.
Terms of Settlement Satisfactory to
Both Sides?Men Return to Work
t"mil Final Adjustment is Had?
All Discharged Union Firemen to
He Reinstated?All Xegro Firemen
At Terminal Stations to be Dis?
pensed With?Knapp Delivered an
Atlanta, May 29.?The strike of the
firemen on the Georgia Railroad was
officially declared off at 2 p. m., to?
day. An hour and a half later the
first train after the% resumption of
service was se.it out of Augsuta with j
a negro fireman in the cab.
The terms of the settlement were
not officially given out, but h was*
learned sthat they are, substantially,
The men to return to work under
conditions existing at the time the
si ike began until final adjustment is
All negro firemen at the terminal
stations will be dispensed with.
All discharged Brotherhood fire?
men will be reinstated.
Three other points are yet to be
decided as follows:
First, whether negro firemen shall
be eliminated from the road.
Second, if not eliminated, what per?
centage of negroes there shall be.
Seniority of negro firemen over
These other questions are to be dis?
cussed tonight, and If they are not
adjusted they will be settled by arbi?
tration under the Erdman Act.
The exact terms of the settlement
have not been disclosed, but the state?
ment is made that the conditions are
eminently satisfactory to both sides.
The settlement of the strike was an?
nounced In a statement signed by
Martin A. Knapp, chairman of the
Inter-State Commerce Commission,
and Charles P. Nelll, United States
labor commissioner. It aald:
"An amicable adjustment of the
difference between the Georgia Rail
HP ? d and Jt* epti-loy^es ?who hj^
been on strike has been reached on
a basis eminently satisfactorily to
both sides. The strike have been
called oft and complete train service
Is to be resumed immediately."
This statement was the result of a
conference between Chairman
Knapp, Commissioner Xeill, General
Manager Scott, of the Georgia aRil
road; Vice President Ball, of the fire?
men's organization. The conference
lasted from 11 a. m., until 2 p. m.,
and every point of issue between the
railroad and its employees was care?
Commissioner Xeill said fhat both
sides made concessions. He added
further that he did not believe a com?
plete statement would be made be?
fore next week. It is generally un?
derstood that the railroad agrees to
recogni7e the seniority of white fire?
men and that the employment of cer?
tain negro firemen who have been
with the road many years will be con?
tinued. After they are retired no
other Macks will be permitted to fire.
Had there not been a settlement of
the strike this afternoon it can be
stated that federal Interference was
imminent. It is reported that both
sides were notified that some adjust?
ment must be reached by 6 o'clock
today or the federal courts would
take cognizance ot the situation. This
probably would have meant injunc?
tions, which in the present temper of
the residents of the strike district, al?
most certainly meant resistance and
possible violations of the injunction,
and speedily thereafter the arrival of
United States troops.
CAPT. CAPERS BETTER.
Internal Revenue Commissioner Sit?
ting Up Each Day.
Washington, May 28.?Commis?
sioner John G. Capers, who has been
very ill for several weeks, has so far
recovered that he is now able to sit
up for a short time each day. He
thinks that If nothing prevents he
will be able to go to Cedar Mountain,
Greenville County, for a rest in a
month or six weeks. This will be
good news to his friends in South
Carolina, who have made many in?
quiries from time to time concerning
Revenue Officers destroyed an il?
licit still In Greenville County. Thirty
gallons of whiskey were seized.
The Supreme Court holds that tele?
graph companies are not liable for
the delay of messages during a tele?
graphers' strike. The decision was
made In the case of Sullivan vs. the
Western Union that came up in An?
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an
SSDAY. JUNE 2, 190
TOBACCO TRUST TYRANNY.
KENTUCKY SENATOR ASSERTS
THAT TRUST IS RESPONSI?
BLE FOR NIGHT RIDING.
The Tax on Tobacco Places All Pow?
er In Hands of American Tobacco
Co. and Its Oppression of Tobacco
Growers of Kentucky and Tennes?
see Has Driven Them to Organiza?
tion and Lawlessness in the Effort
To Protect Themselves.
Washington. May 28.?That the
outrages of the night riders in Ken?
tucky and Tennessee resulted from
the oppression of the American To?
bacco Company and that unless the
Internal revenue tax qn leaf tobacco
in the hand is repealed these out?
rages will a sain occur, was the de?
claration made by Senator Bradley of
Kentucky today in urging the adop?
tion of his amendment to the senate
bill. This amendment proposes to re
stcre in the tariff bill the house pro?
vision for the free sale of leaf tobac?
co by the farmer, which was stricken
out by the finance committee of the
senate. Mr. Bradley reviewed the
growth of the American Tobacco
Company from the time of its organ?
ization In 1890 with a capital stock
of $25,000,000 to the present day
with stock, including that owned in
subsidiary companies, amounting to
more than $500,000,000. Not content
with destroying all comeptition in the
United States, Mr. Bradley said the
I American Tobacco Company drove
I the Imperial Tobacco Company, of
Great Britain, its chief competitor, to
I a compromise and obtained an agree
I ment by which the Imperial yielded
I up all competition In the United
"France, Austria, Italy, Portugal
I and other countries each meanwhile
I decreed that the government would
I buy and import tobacco as a business,
I the profit going into the coffers of the
I government under what is known as
I the Regie system." said Mr. Bradley.
I "The American Tobacco Company,
I seeing the danger in this direction,
I entered into a conspiracy with the
["Reiire^ngenta'W whlcli fhe territory
I should be and was divided, all agree
I lng to pay the same fixed price and
I allotting the territory into well de
I fined districts so that there could be
no conflict of interests."
I Thus the producers found them
I selves powerless and hemmed in on
every side, continued Mr. Bradley,
and after appealing to congress with
I out effect, as a last resort organized
I the pooling societies which resulted
in a saturnalia of crime in Kentucky
I and Tennessee. While denouncing
I the night rider outrages, Mr. Bradley
I declared that the tobacco leaf grow
I ers were sorely pressed, that they
I were forced to combine to protect
I themselves and that the crimes which
I resulted were due to the trust's op
I pression. "If congress refuses relief,
I in my judgment," said Mr. Bradley,
I "the same conduct will be reenacted,
I people terrorized, and the States ma
I terially injured."
Before reviewing the tobacco legis
I lation resulting in the condions which
I he represented as existing, Mr. Brad
I ley said, "I will state in the beginning
that under the present statutes and
I rulings of the commissioner of inter
I nal revenue, the producers are so
I hapered and restricted in the sale of
I their leaf tobacco that they are sub
I stantlally placed at the mercy of the
I great trust which has blighted their
I hopes and desolated their homes."
I Mr. Bradley said the two principal
I objections made to his proposed
I amendment were that it opened the
I door to fraud and rendered uncertain
I the enforcement of the tobacco tax,
I and that it materially decreased the
I amount of revenue collected. He as
I serted that no law could be devised
I which would entirely prevent fraud,
I and that the amendment was in sub
I stance and effect the reenactment of
the McKinley bill, which, he said.
I operated well for three years both as
I to fraud and revenue and he could
I see no reason why it would operate
I otherwise now. He quoted Commis?
sioner Yerkes In the opinion that the
decrease of revenue would be com?
The effect of this enactment, said
Mr. Bradley, would be that the farm?
er and all others would be able to
sell unstemmed tobacco In the nat?
ural leaf without the payment of any
tax or charge. "In my judgment, the
passage of this law will not only give
justice to a deserving class of people
but will withstand all lawless ele?
ments and restore good order
throughout the land." said Mr. Brad?
ley. In concluding, he made an
earnest appeal to the senate in be?
half of 1,000,000 Americans, who. he
said, have been stricken down by the
ponderous mace of an all-powerful
1 Truth's." THE TRU
COTTON PRICES STONB.
SURPRISING FIRMNESS DIS?
PLAYED IN MARKET.
May and July Have Felt Effects of
Increased Stocks and Some Ham?
mering?Ultimate Advance Ex?
New York, May 28.?May and July
have shrunk under Increase of local
stock and some hammering, but new
cotton crop months, have on the
whole ?hown a strength which has
surprised, in the presence of liquida?
tion, though they gave way to some
tMcnr on Friday. Only such long
selling, it I? argued, has held the
rmrket down- .hat ana the ap?
proaching three holidays and natural
hesitancy on the eve of the govern?
ment report, which appears on Jur.e
4. Ootherwise it is supposed that the
tor "tial rains in the Mississippi val
!ov rnd gastward might ha\e had a
:n/?r. stimulating effect.
/Reports of damage from that sec?
tion have been numerous and it is
also said that the bo l weevil, which
seems to thrive under moist condi?
tions, has spread and is becoming a
more threatening factor. Chicago
operators have been selling July to
some extent and certain large spot
interests have disposed of a good deal
cf May. Western operators, however,
have replaced their July with Janu?
ary. For a time Wall street, the
South and Liverpool sold freely in
liquidation of long accounts. But of
late there has been not'teably good
buying on all reaction in the new
crop months. Bulls lav great stress
on the scarcity of wool and silk and
the fact that there is nothing to com?
pete with these fibres but cotton, and
on the theory that there Is every prob?
ability of a very lavge world's con?
sumption of cotton in the raising of
Ultlc!) the United Sta*es has a practi?
cal monopoly, Manchester's trade has
recently improved and Manchester
shorts are said to be getting nervous.
The last weekly government report
was on the whole unfavorable, aside
from Texas, showing abnormal rains
and 'unduly low temperatures. Since
it was issued and rainfall in the Mis?
sissippi valley, and eastward has been
remarkably large, In some States the
precipitation reaching as high as 6 or
7 inches in a single day, the latter in
Mississippi. The full effect of these
semi-tropical rains may not appear
in the government report, the data
for which will not be brought down
later than May 25.
Cotton, however, has already had a
sharp advance, the Texas drought is
Opposed to have been pretty effect?
ually relieved and the excessive rains
in parts of the eastern and central
belts, it is argued, have at least en?
abled the soil the better to withstand
the effect of summer drought. Spin?
ners held aloof. It is asserted that
fully 1,000,000 bales will be carried
from this crop to the next and will
have been counted in the next com?
mercial crop. The next crop may be
short, but, bears think that May is
too early to count on the size of the
next yield with any degree of certain?
ty. The sentiment here of many,
however, is in favor of an ultimate
advance on the theory that the
chances favor only a moderate crop
at the best, while the prospects point
to a record breaking consumption.
BRAZELL FOUND GUILTY.
Hit bland Man Convicted of Man?
slaughter for Killing His Hair
Columbia, May 28.?Warren G
Brazell was this afternoon found
guilty of manslaughter with a recom?
mendation, to the mercy of the court.
The sentence was not passed this af?
ternoon, as there will be argued to?
morrow or later, a motion for a new
Brazell took the stand today and
gave some very interesting testimony
in connection with the shooting. He
claims that he had heard of the al?
leged intimacy between his brother
and his-wife, and that on the occa?
sion of the shooting he had hoard be?
forehand that his wife and his broth?
er were going out, that he went I
where they were, and having found
his brother alone, they entered into
the quarrel which ended In the shoot?
ing; that his brother had the gun,
and in the struggle he wrested it from
him and the gun was discharged in
trust. "If that call shall go unan?
swered, we may at least indulge the
hope that while our oppressors es?
cape here, there will come a time
when they shall be weighed in the
balance of a Just God whose Judg?
ment will be, 'thou are weighed In
the balance and art found wanting.' "
SEX ATE POLIjOWK ALDRICH's
ORDERS OX SUBJECT.
Xo Further Consideration Until June
1??Bailey and Cummins Pa** Hot
Washington. May 27.?Py the de?
cisive vote of 50 to 23 the senate de?
cided today to postpone until June lO
the further consideration of the ?n?
come tax question in connection witht
The senate began the day with the
consideration of the sugar schedule,
hut after voting upon two amend?
ments towards the end of the after?
noon switched off to a discussion ot
the possibility of getting a vote ort
the Bailey income tax amendment.
This turn of affairs has become ?c>
habitual cf late that no one was sur?
prised and all were prepared to again?
listen to a plea for such a vote. He
presented his argument in his usuai
fcrcible manner, but did not succeed:'1
in prevailing upon Senator Aldrfete
to concede a vote on the income tax
iu advance of the tariff schedules. In?
stead, he forced the definite propo?
sition. Mr. Aldrich declared that h?*
would not agree to a vote on the In?
come tax in advance of the schedules*
so long as he was in charge of the*
Mr. Bailey offered his income tax:
amendment to the tariff bill and It.
wa s read, much to the amusement of
the senate, for It was realized that
the Republican leaders had ro intenv
tion of permitting a vote ar*this time.
Mr. Aldrich moved that considera?
tion of the Bailey amendment be
postponed* until June 10. Thla mo?
tion provoked Mr. Bailey to take the
The senator from Rhode Isli
Mr. Bailey said, had at times sh<
some impatience for a vote upoa hi
tariff bill, and yet, he adned, he it
willing to vote on the most impor?
tant amendment that will be
to the bill. The orderly manner?
considering this measure, said HrJ
Bailey wold be first te t\w&?*W\
this amendment, because the ?dop
tion of an income tax would permit
cutting down the amount to be raised*
from custom duties by $80.00,000^.
which might be raised on income.
Mr. Bailey said he knew that ttoa*
sooner he could obtain a vote on the
Income tax, the larger vote he could
tret for its passage. Heading an ar?
ticle in a Xew York newspaper stat?
ing that he had introduced his In?
come tax amendment with the pur?
pose of defeating an inheritance tax,
and assisting Senator Aldrich, Mr.
Bailey declared the writer of the ar?
ticle to be an "infamous liar" and'
proceeded with an elaborate explana?
tion of circumstances connected with*
his interest in an income tax. Thfse
particular incident, he declared, wait
but a part of a deliberate attempt on
the part of some people to misrepre?
sent the entire Democrac |
Taking exception to a remark by
Mr. Bailey, Senator Cummins asked
whether he proposed to challenge the
sincerity of the progresses who fa
vcred an income tax.
"I did not challenge the sim-er/ty
of the senator," replied Mr. Bailer,
"but I did challenge his wisdom."
Mr. Cummins, having expressed*
the opinion that the rncome tax prop?
osition could not possibly be taken up?
before the tariff schedules were dfs>
posed of. in accordance with Mr. Aid
rich's proposition, Mr. Bailey re?
marked, "that if the senator fron?
Iowa purposes making an alliance
on the income tax vote with the sen?
ator from Rhode I?land. he wltY1
find himself wiser afterwards than he
Mr. Cummins* retort was sharp andr
quick. "I have," he said, "not voted"
with the senator from Rhode is'andK
as often as the senator from Texo^.***
"The senator from Rhode island
has been right twice daring this sea
sion," responded Mr Bailey, "and I
have voted with him twice. The sen?
ator from Iowa can BOi Bial I I go?vx
continuing, Mr. Bailej fecfatVfl
that Mr. Cummins must know that
the income tax advocates were losinsc
strength. So far as the Republican*
are concerned. Mr. Cummins assecf
ed. his conviction was that there whs.
no falling off in the income tax votev
and he declared that he wa? sure
that they were all loyal.
"Then let's have a roll call; lets
have It now." insisted Mr. Bailey.
Voting on the motion of Mr. Aid
rich, the senate. 50 to 33. decided
upon postponement. Republicans veto?
ing against him wart Senators Bo nit.
Bristow, Clapp, Cummins, Drl?\*Y
and LaFollette. Senator McEnerjs
was the only Democrat who votext
i with the Republicans.