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rST LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
me of Interest From all Parts of
?unter and Adjoining Counties.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mall your letter* so that they will
this office not later than Mon
when Intended for Wednesday's
Mr and not later than Thursday
Saturday's Issue. This, of course,
applies only to regular correspond
In case of Items of unusual
value, send In immediately by
telephone or telegraph. Such
atorles are acceptable up to the
of going to press. Wednesday's
Is printed Tuesday afternoon
Saturday's paper Friday after
Max. July 10.?The picnic at Olan
aa east Saturday passed off pleas?
antly. It was notable for the pres
and speaking of Oov. Ansel and
Ian. Julius Boggs. end also for fine
by the Vtmmonsvllle band, all
which was greatly. enjoyed by nil
availed themselves of the privi
ge of hearing.
Misses Marie and Li Hie Tru'ick
iv* a eoclal party last Monday
\t la honor of Miss Mamie Coker.
Hartavlll*. who was their guest
Olive Smith, of Sardinia,
it last week at Mr. J. L. Moore s.
Mrs. B. M. Truluok Is at St. Charles
far a stay of a few weeks.
Mrs. W. J. Truluck left Monday
far North Greenville to spend the
Balance of the dummer with relatives.
Mr*. Lena Keels has gone to
Crops are nnc.
Brogdon. South Carotfaa August 2.
?The aaaual picnic of the Qraham
neighborhood was held at Graham's
Baptist church on last Friday. Bar
nsjcue. tried chicken, chicken pie.
nahe* and pie* were In abundance.
Mis* Mary Gordon, of Klngstree. is
TSSttin* at Mr. Howard Jones'.
Mr. and Msa. G. A. Brogdon, of
Florence, are spending some time at
Mr. J. I. Brogdon's.
Mr. G. Lee Jones has returned to
Columbia after spending his vacation
Messrs. Joel Davis and Allan Davi*
are at Glenn Spring*.
Mis* Ethel Lawrence Is spending
m while at Glenn Springs.
M!-**ea Margaret and Vermelle
Plawden and Miss Fannie White are
idlng a while with their grand
Mise Llszie Hollld&y has returned
sane after a pleasant visit to her
?r. llv*. S. E. Da'1s.
Mr. C. Proctor is visiting at Mr.
J. I Brogdon's.
Miss 9adle White has returned
la from the Sumter Hospital very
Mrs. Mary G. Jones has returned
le after a pleasant visit to her sls
r, Mrs. Blackwell of Foreston.
Me**r*. Frank and Clifton Wells, of
isntnerton, attended the picnic on
Mr. J. P. Richardson has returned
Mr. Richard White has returned
Mr*. H. J. Lawrence spent several
with her brother. Mr. J I. Brog
i. last week.
Dark Corner. August 2.?Nothing
an *xcltlng natur* I* In the Cor
at 'Ms time. Some are gather
In*; fodder, others are cutting cord
wood, while other* are preparing to
cat *nd ship log*.
Some of our sick are better.
Mr. O. P. Ardla I* so he can walk
around hla house and yard again.
Have not heard from Mr. Avln
lately or Mr. Christmas either. The
meeting closed at Plnewood Meth?
odist church on Friday night last. Six
lataed the church as a result of the
meeting. Rev. Hudson labored earn?
estly and faithfully for his Master all
the wee!. It was my happy privilege
to attend the Baptlat assemhly at
Bethel church on Thursday the 29th
wit. And allow me to say to all who
coul.l have attended and did not.
have no Idea what they missed as
there were present some of the bright?
est lights In the Baptist denomina?
tion In this State. Such men as Dr.
Cody. Profs. Moore, Henderson and
other*. It was a treat to hear, and
the pastor. Rev. William Haynsworth
spared no pain* in tryln* to make ev?
erybody enjoy the meeting. And last
but not least, was the hountlful din?
ner*. enouKh and to spare, of every?
thing from barbecue ei*j to raw to
mat >rj and hot coffee, hut th Priva?
teer people rmver do anything by
halve*. If* the whole thing or n .th
lag. I hope some abler pen and
brighter bruin will give a bitter re?
port of the assembly to the Watch?
man and Southron and Item than I
ran dare to d<?. I heard yesterday
that Rev. J. N Tolar. of Summerton,
got hi* fsce badly poisoned with poi?
son oak while at the meeting at Beth
el last week, so much so until ho
I could not fill his appointment at Cal- i
I vary church yesterday morning. Rev.
Tolar was to commence a protracted
meeting at Calvary last night, but1 be
has called the meetlig off until the
third Sunday In this month.
Miss Eunice Osteen has been on a
visit to her aunt, Mrs. R. N. Owen, of |
Orangeburg, for several days.
Jim Kolb and son, Eddie, of Ram?
sey, visited at Mr. Will Kolb's yester?
Dud Weeks visited at Mr. Joe M?
ArdhV yesterday evening.
Well, Mr. Edltor, I suppose today
is the day for the closing of the booze
shop. May trie Lord n Heaven grant
that it may never be opened again.
I am aware that soma of our would
be leading men do say that the dis?
pensary should be kept open so we
can get money to educate the child?
ren. Let us stop and consider that
the dispensary or any boose shop
leads to the same place that a house
of ill-fame leads, (hell). Where, oh
where is the man that would want his
children educated on money made in
a house of ill-fame. There are none
let us hope. But is the boose money
any better or cleaner. I think not.
What sayest thou, dear reader? But I
know some one will say. oh that old
Sidra is nothing but a booze sucker
himself. Well, I have been, but I
trust the scales have fallen from my
eyes so that I can see things in their
right light. Like King daul, I have
played the fool, like Saul of Tarsus I
have prayed. And now I am ready to
do what I can to save any one from
a drunkard's grave or a drunkard's
Remberts, August 2.?Mr. Editor.
?The continued drought in the Pls
gah and Smlthville section Is serious.
Corn as a whole, will never recover
and cotton Is shedding badly, and
small. Some farmers will hardly
make their rent. It will be a serious
time this year with both debtor and
Little Mary Harllee is quite sick.
Her bright little face was sadly miss?
ed in her Sunday School class on yes?
terday, and they together with her
many friends trust that she will soon
be up again and able to attend her
Sunday School. ,
We had the pleasure of attending
Sunday School yesterday at McLeod'8
Chapel, and was very much impressed
witht the earnest desire on the part
of some who are striving to fill their
mission In this world of sin and sor?
row. Ood grant that they may be
able to constrain others who seem to
be standing Idly by to join them in
the Master's call.
A great many from this and other
sections attended services at Plsgah
yesterday afternoon. The church WSJ
crowded with those who seeded eag?
er to catch the precious words ol
Christ'as they fell from the lips, of
our devoted pastor, Rev. T. L. Cole.
The Sunday School at Plsgah is ?
large one for a country church, and
still it is growing. Presents were dis?
tributed on yesterday to the punc?
tual ones for punctuality, giver, by
the pastor of the church. We note
with Interest the vast improvement in
class seccnd, which is rapidly coming
to the front under the training an1
leadership of Miss Aimer Brady Mis
Brady is a gentle Christian, a devoted
worker, und by her sweet lnfluenq?
will lead others to follow In the foot
steps of her Lord and Master.
Smlthville. July 31.?To say that
we are needing rain badly would be
putting It mildly. Crops are burning
up, especially corn. We have either
too much or too little rain, so there
is hardly any hope for even half a
I wish I knew who the Rembert
correspondent Is. I would gladly
take him or her by the hand and
thank them for their words or praise
In behalf of Rev. T. L. Cole. Every?
body that has read it Is delighted. I
wish I could find words with which to
express the feeling of this whole sec?
tion, regardless of demonations. They
love, respect and esteem him above
any one else in this whole section.
With no disrespect, whatever, of any
former pastor, I can truthfully say
that he 1? the best pastor Plsgah
church has ever had. Suffice it to
?ay that his members will stand by
him to the last. Not only hi*
church, but other denominations Will
do the same. In regard to the ru?
mors that are flouting around. 1 Wish
to say, they will take no more effect
than arrows against the rocks o(
I Gibraltar. Ood Is above the devil and
always will be. He may allow per*
secution, but ofttlmes its for his own
glory in the end. This whole coun?
try is very Indignant, Indeed. If the
circulators of the rumors of Which
you spoke could only realise the
scorn and contempt they have
brought on their own heads, thej
would repent In sack cloth end ashes,
l never saw as much Indignation,
scorn and derision as Is being hurl?
ed at any one that dares circulate
those things of which you spoke. To
say thai all denominations are high?
ly wrought up over the Injustice
would be putting it mildly. 1 know
whereof I speak.
Dalzell, August 2.?Our climate is
just about as warm now as I care to
feel and I trust I will never have to
enter a warmer one. If it gets much
warmer it must be where the Irish?
man wanted to send his mother-in
law to tlnd one. The showers during
the past week helped some, but rain
would be a great help at this time.
Crops are not doing very much. All of
the light land has about done all it
Will do and that's very little. The
low and stiff land is still growing
some, but generally the prospect is
gloomy looking Parker Bros, have a
large field of very fine corn. Several
say they will get from 50 to 6 0 bush?
els of corn to the acre on the entire
field. I don't supose there is any in
the county to beat it on high land
Well, we will soon have the priv?
ilege of voting on the prohibition
question and I for one want to vote
right and trust I may have divine
guidance to vote right, but I want to
ask a question, why is it all those who
drink or a part of them and all the
blind tigers are going to vote for pro?
hibition In Charleston? I am reliably
informed that all of the "tigers" are
working for prohibition. Savannah,
Oa., Is now said to be a dry city. I
was Informed a few days ago while
in the city of Charleston, that there
was something like 150 bar-rooms
before the whiskey was voted out.
They tell me there are about 260 bar?
rooms there now. That whiskey and
beer Is just sold over and above
?board. If we are going to allow such
as that here we had better keep thp
dispensary. I hope that every man
who votes the prohibition ticket will
pledge himself to do his full duty In
seeing the law is enforced. If you
are not going to do that don't vote
for prohibition. It will be sold ev?
erywhere If there are so few who
will Interfere with his friends or
neighbors. Even If they know he Is
doing wrong, they will say its none
of my business, I shall not Interfere
with him and if you go and prosecute
him you can hardly get a Jury to
convict him. I am for the right all
the time If I know what It is, and If
we don't all do our duty we will have
worse than we have now.
Rev. Thos. H. Leitch will begin h
protracted meeting at the Dalzell
new Methodist church on the third
Sunday In this month, which will be
the 15th, at 11 o'clock. The public
generally Is invited to attend. Rev.
F. G. Whltlock requests all those who
expect to place their membership
there to meet at 10 o'clock that Sun?
day, so officers and committees can
be appointed to serve through the
meeting. We trust the meeting may
be well attended and much good ac?
Rev. Mr. Rose accompanied the
pastor today and preached a fine
sermon at the Providence Methodist
Mr. S. F. Moon 1s at home again
after a few days stay in North Caro?
Mr. and Mrs. Alford Bryan return?
ed to their home in Sumter on Friday
after a stay of several days with rela?
tives In the community.
Miss Clara and Master Alva Mar?
tin are on a visit to relatives and
friends at Fair Bluff. N. C, and Mul
ns, S. C.
Messrs.. Smith & Myers are putting
in a nice soda water fountain. wYtlth
means something new for Dalzell.
Newsom Bros, has a nice pinder
narcher, so what will we have next.
Nothing like push and progress.
OUR SUMMKUTOX LETTER.
Summerton, S. C, August 2.?
Could the ocrresdonpent confine
himself always to "good news" his
job would be a comparatively easy
one and certainly a most j ieasant
one; but In attempting to present
representative Items of the business
and social life of a town he must at
times send In some not altogether ac?
ceptable. So far we have been for?
tunate In being able to mention new
enterprises which have brought new
people with little or no departures
of any of our good citizens. It is
with deep regret that we take occa?
sion to mction the recent departure
of two of our most popular and high
I. respected families, both of which
during their residence here won ihe
friendship and esteem Of the whole
community. Mr. R. B. Smyth, form?
er president of the Batik of Summer
ton and also Intendant Of the town
for several terms, has taken his fam?
ily to Charleston Where they will
make their future home.
I>r. and Mrs. Dotty have moved J"
Sardinia where Dr. Dotty will take up
farming. Dr. Dotty came here a year
or more ago and was employed in tin
drug store of Dr. i>. C. Rhame where
he proved himself a very efficient pr< -
Mr. w. D. McClary <>f the Bummer
ton Furniture Company has sold oul
his Interest in this concern to Mr. .J.
W, Broadway, it is rumored thai
Mr. McClary will move t?? some larg?
er town and go into business. We
should hat<i to have to give Mr. Mc?
Among the social events of the pasl
weak were those given tit the homes
of Capt. and Mrs. J. A. James In
THE' SPANISH REVOLT.
CONFLICT OF OPINIONS As TO
Officials Think Insurrection Crushed,
Travelers Think Otherwise?Condi?
tions Arc Not Good at Any Rate.
Paris, August i.?Although official
Spain minimizes the Catalonia insur?
rection and insists that the revolt has
been crushed, a far different story
emanates from the frontier. Refugees
and travelers declare that the revolt
is still rampant and that derperate
combats continue at Barcelona, where
50 revolutionaries are reported to
have been wounded in a conflict
which occurred as late as Saturday
Information concerning the actual
situation in Barcelona and the rest of
the province is rarer tonight than ever
before. Athough some of the new.*
from the frontier is from revolution?
ary sources, and therefore open to
suspicion, more reliable intelligence
leads to the belief that although Bar?
celona is calmer the insurrectionists
have taken to the suburbs and the
outlying country where they are sew?
ing the seeds of revolt and inflaming
ihe populace to maintain the strug?
gle to the bitter end.
Barcelona provice is in the hands
of prowling bands of workmen, heav?
ily armed, who occupy the railroads
and highways to prevent communica?
tion and who refuse entrance to new?
comers, Cassa de la Selva Is in the
hands of the revolutionaries, and at
Pataano, where the monastery was
ilred upon and the monks tortured,
the situation Is described as alarming
md the lives of foreigners endanger?
The opinion of semi-official circles
here concerning Spain's internal sit?
uation is pessimistic and the belief i?
expressed that the trouble is not yet
over. Official Madrid announces that
Barcelona is tranquil but qualifies this
statement with the words "this espe?
cially so In the centre of the city."
From Melilla comes the news of an?
other ambush and several officers be
ing wounded befor9 the troops suc?
ceeded In extricating themselves fron;
the attack of the tribesmen.
Rumors are afloat that a genreul
strike will be launched tomorrow ai
Madrid and that a strike is tyeing or?
ganized in the Biscayan region. All
persons subject to military duty are
forbidden to leave Spain, under grave
penalty, and elaborate measures have
been adopted to forestall a possible
outbreak in other provinces of the
Official denial is given to the report
that the temper of the Madrid garri?
son is hostile.
Another official statement says dhaf
the number of the victims of the
fighting at Barcelona is unknown, but
frontier reports?one of them of al?
leged authoritative inspiration?de?
clare that the killed or wounded will
aggregate 3,000 and that the number
Of Insurrectionists summarily shot
was between 40 and 120.
town, and Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Cosk
?ey, a few miles out of town. Some
of the young people of the commun?
ity met at Capt. James' on last Fri?
day evening and spent several very
1 leaaant hours. Mrs. James' recent
absence while visiting in Charlotte, N.
C, had put a temporary stop to the
usually frequent entertainments given
in her hospitable home, and her re?
turn was heartily welcomed by the
Misses Madge and Christine Cosk
rey entertained on Monday evening
in honor of their guests, Misses Grif?
fin and Langford. Several Summer
tonlans were among the happy par?
ticipants of this occasion, and they re?
port having had a most enjoyable
Mr. Birnie Bhirer, of Blshopville,
has been employed by the Colclough
Hardware Co., and will begin work
here at an early date.
Miss Katharine Sharer, of Blshop?
ville. was the guest of Miss Mary
Briggs last week.
Mr. and vMrs. Wallace Carnahan
have returned from Hot Springs.
Ark., where they spent several weeks.
Mr. Carnahan resumed his pastoral
charges here, and services were held
on last Sunday as usual.
Mr. and Mrs. \V. S. Porter and
family left this morning for Mon
treat, N. C,
Mr. J, F. Anderson has returned to
West Point. Miss., after a pleasant
\ isit to his family lu re.
I Miss Lucie Mood lias returned
home alter visiting friends in Bishop
I Mr. \v. I). MoClary leaves tomor?
row for an extended visit to Rich?
mond, Norfolk. Washington and New
Miss Maria Mood leaves in the
morning for Hendersonvllle, X. <'..
where siu> will join Mrs. w. R. Scar?
borough and spend a week or two In
the "Land of the Sky."
Maj. It R. Briggs will have in a
few days for Hendersonvllle.
Miss Ada Tennani leaves on Tues?
day for a visit to friends In Marlon,
. Mr. R. F. Anderson and Miss Salllc
WIRELESS IN COLUMBIA.
MESSAGES COMK FOR HUNDREDS
Not for Commercial Use Hut to Give
Training to Young Men in Line of
Business Which Has Possibilities.
Columbia, Aug. 2.?Many persons
pass ng on Main street have no doubt
observed the tall pole erected on top
of the skyscraper building, that has a
horizontal stick of wood across its
eop, from which extend short wires.
Mos. people no doubt knew its pur?
pose, some have wondered to what
use it is put.
The rake-like aparatus with its
antennae of wires is part of a wire?
less telegraph equipment maintained
oh the 11th floor of the building for
the use of a local telegraph college
which teaches the wireless code and
method of operating.
The instruments used for receiving
and transmitting signals are not large,
but are indeed wonderful. The re?
ceiving apparatus is really marvelous
in it3 sensitiveness to vibrations elec?
trically transmitted, and the method
of adjustment or attunement is very
complex. A reporter of The State
was recently favored with an exami?
nation of the instruments, and their
use was explained.
In 1893 William Marconi began his
first practical experiments, and in
189 7 gave his exhibition before the
king and queen of Italy.
It must have been a triumph, in?
deed for the youth to place before the
sovereigns of his land the evidence
of his- successful achievement after
his application for assistance In 'de?
veloping the idea had been refused.
Marconi was then a mere boy, and
his representations were considered
chimerical. The British government,
however, had enough confidence in
him to render financial assistance to
him, thereby achieving a glory that
was lost by the land of the boy's
The Marconi apparatus is portable.
The entire equipment vcan b? carried
easily by one person, and it can be
fitted up in 20 minutes so as to be
used for military field purposes. The
"urrent for the latter is generated by
a small motor, which is driven by a
bicycle wheel raised from the ground,
one man pedaling being sufficient to
work for 200 miles. The field wireless
is not alone confined to telegraph, its
uses being made to perform any
function which wires can be made to
perform, and a thousand and one
things that have been impossible by
Allusion was made to attunement.
It is by attuning the instrument that
It is made possible to avoid messages
interfering with each other. Unless the
instrument is tuned to the vibrations
disseminated by an instrument attun?
ed to the same "pitch," the message h)
Wireless tuning is difficult to de?
scribe intelligibly to the laymen un?
familiar with the instrument. To il?
lustrate the principels, however, take
a violin and balance a piece of paper
about a qaurter of an Inch square
upon the E string by folding the pa?
per over. Then put the finger down
the A string until it sounds E, and
draw the bow over it. It will be found
that Ihe paper will fly away, while if
other papers are similarly balanced
upon the other strings they will not
The aftuning of the wireless instru?
ment is much along the same lines,
though the Marconi system is the
only one said to have a real system
of timing, as it is the only one that
can regulate the amplitude and pe?
riodicity of less than 70.000 vibrations
per second, the Marconi system works
as well over land as over water; and
by vary ng the amplitude of the wave
can ha\e dozens of pairs of stations
working together on the same wave
length without interfering with one
The instruments in the skyscraper
building frequently catch the mes?
sages transmitted from hundreds of
miles at sea. Under the contract of
the school with the company supply?
ing the instruments, the school is not
permitted to accept commercial busi?
ness, but to use the aparatus for prac?
tice work in instruction In the art of
using the equipment. As it is believ?
ed that the wireless system is, in time,
destined to supplant the wire tele?
graph system, the wireless company
are desirous that a sufficient number
of young men shall he trained in
The U. C. T. U. of Columbia have
decided that It is better not to have
hvmn singing at Ihe poles on August
17th. It is generally thought that it
is better ted to have any hyman sing?
ing as was proposed sometime ago.
B. And? -son leave "ti Tuesday tor a
nip t<- Kendersonvllle and Brevard.
Messrs. C. G. Rowlad and John
Wilson, of Sumter, were in town on
Miss Laura ColctOUgh left on Sat?
urday for a visit to relatives in Wil?
DARLINGTON" FI LL OF "TIGERS."
County Still Favors Inhibition,
Though Illicit Lhnior DMHTI Still
Darlington, July 29.?Darl IngtOffJ
County voted out the dispensary In
October, 1905, and will therefore not
take part in the election to be held
August 17 next on the question. If
Darlington were to vote on the ques?
tion again, the majority against a dis?
pensary would probably be larger
than it was four years ago, and then
it was about 4 to 1. The people of
this section, or a majority of them,
are apparently of the opinion that the
question is a moral one and should
be dealt with regardless of financial
profit or disaster.
There may be a question as to
whether there is as much liquor sold
in this county as there was during
the days of the dispensary, but there
Is no qaestion as to whether or not
there are innumerable "blind tiger"
lairs. The officials have been vigilant,
but the "tigers" appear to be more
alert and cunning. The pocket va?
riety are especially difficult to get at.
They stand In public places, awaiting
the signal of a confederate to "go and
return not empty handed." It seems
to be almost an impossibility to sup?
press them. How the liquor is smug?
gled Into town from various ways and
by many means is known to but a
few, who dole it out to the many
The magistrates, the mayors, the
juries and the circuit judges usually
show an offender of the law practical?
ly no consideration, still they are un
terrifled, and on procuring their dis?
charge from custody, are ready for
business again. The question as to
whether or not there is less drunk?
enness now than formerly is like the
one as to whether or not there is
more or less liquor being sold, one
Is dependent on the other. If there
Is as much being sold, it follows that
there is as much being drunk, and
consequently there Is as much drunk?
enness; If there is less being sold,
there is less being drunk, and conse?
quently less drunkenness. The latter
statements may be modified by con?
sideration of the fact that there are
a good many who do not buy from
the "tigers" but who order liquors
from other States, and the amount
thus ordered should not therefore be
classed or credited to the amount of
Illegal stuff that is sold here.
There are many differences of opin?
ion as to whether or not prohibition
prohibits. It is like other laws?it is
violated, but because it is violated
should it be repealed? There has not
been a day since the dispensary was
voted out of Darlington and all legal
means for selling it here destroyed
that liquor could not be purchased il?
As a result of a deoision by the
railroad commission, a great reduc?
tion has been made in express money
rates moving between points within
the State of South Carolina. The de?
cision wilj go into effect on Septem?
ber 1. The decision was made as the
result of several complaints made to
The Southern Power Company is
getting ready to run a line into New
berry at early day, with the expecta?
tion of making contracts with some
of the mills and other enterprises
Extensive plans are begin made for
the Richland County Summer School,
to be held at the University of South
Carolina, beginning August 9th and
continuing two weeks. The social side
of the Summer school will not be neg?
lected. Almost every teacher in the
County will take advantage of this
opportunity to learn some of the
methods of teaching.
Numbers of farmers have been
heard to say that there are hundreds
and hundreds of acres of cotton on
sandy lands in Newberry couty that
will not make a bale to five acres,
some that will make nothing worth
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY OF NEW YORK.
F. H. Hyatt, Manager for S. C.
Figures Never Lie and Here are the
Figures of the Mutual Life Dsssjs>
BSM36 Co.. of New Y'ork.
For the month of May, 1909, the
South Carolina Agency received ap?
plications amounting to $194.037.00.
Cash Dividends declared to South
Carolina policyholders for July settle?
Since April 20. 1909. the follow ng
death claims have been paid to south
Carolina policyholders $:?3.7fio.oo.
Proofs of death arc being prepared
by claimants for $53.300.On.
These figures are so plain and con?
vincing that "He who runs may
ISAAC M. LOR YEA,
SlMVial Agent Clarendon and Sumter.
Offices at Munning and Sunder.
?las. 1>. Graham, Agent. Sumter.
J. E. McFnddin. Agent. Sardinia.
M. B. Lescanc, Agent, Pinewood.