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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 07, 1909, Image 2',
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IHK MAKING OF SALT.
Oaraon Writes Interestingly of
The Great Salt Works at Ca yogs
larsfce, New York.
Ithloa. N. Y.. July 27.?Salt? Yes.
Any sort you wish, Ane table, fine
household, coarse. Ice-cream or fish
?alt anything, all pure and clean and
ready for the market But where does
H come frlm. there's plenty of salft
water In the ocean, they boll that
dowa and thte salt crystallises out
That salt very true. In France there
axe aalt works where they allow sea
ernte? to flow Into great ponds at high
tide and then keep It there until It
evaporates sufficiently, when they boll
It off and get the salt which crystal
rises owt Again In Hungary there are
rSJllt mines where rock salt Is dug
freas depths below three thousand
Oar salt, however, doesn't como
the ocean nor do we ship It In
frusn Hungary. Cayuga Lake Is a
twaotifut body of fresh water which
Alls the path of an old glacier, yet
Jhere right on the edge of the lake 's
a large plant manufacturing Immense
.quantities of salt. However. they
don't get It from the lake. In boring
near the edge of the lake for an ar?
tesian well, a bed of rock sa.lt was
?truck and that Is where the salt
comes from. There are several wells.
*VV*trr Is pumped into them and when
It has dissolved the salt and has be
-come saturated la pumped out again
Into great storage tanks placed way
up on the side of the Ttlll. From
these tanks It flows Into tanks.heated
by ateam, the water gradually evap
oratlag t-? a concentrated solution.
?The concentrated "mother" liquid
flows Into the long "crystallizing"
tank where the salt crystalllzea out.
Jt la there separated Into grades, sift?
ed and dried by roasting. A part is | ,
ftlrled more than the rest and this Is
?tne fine table aalt which Is put into | (
UtOe hags holding only a few pounds.
The rest la heaped Into great piles on | ,
.the warehouse floor. The various
.gri des each in a separate pile and
? such ptte* Tou know the beautiful
?white, ffnely crystallised salt we buy
jfor sheet seventy cents a hundred
r. Just think of a pile of It over
hundred feet long, thirty feet
high snd nesrly snother hundred feet
gride. That's what you could see to
<flay If you visited the salt works. Be
snot* this Immense pile of fine salt
there were great piles of meat saft,
?nd other coarser grades snd at least
s good eased dining room full of yel?
lowish Ash salt was left of what they
?rsiw working on. On the great pile
of flne salt were several gangs of men
at work, some shoveling with com?
mon shovels, the salt Into bags, oth?
ers holding the bags open and weigh?
ing them when filled. "Fifty-six
pounds and I hardly ever miss It"
answered one of the weighers ss he
placed the sack on the scales with one
hand and reached for an empty sack
with the other, and though we watch?
ed him a good while the scales regu
lary showed the same thing. Sewing
seeks was the work of two young fel
Iowa, snd It certainly didn't take
them lang to fix a sack "ears" and all.
fifteen seconds from the time he cut
the thread from one sack until he cut
the thread from another seemed to us
pretty ?tulek work. Evidently he was
paid I y the piece and he was mak?
ing a good day'a work for all over one
aide of the warehouse were stacks of
eaeks sewed and ready for shipment
while there was enough salt left?
well I guess It will keep him busy a
few davs lengi
Beyori 1 the warehouse were the
Slocks, where several scows were be?
ing loaded with salt for shipment up
the lake and , ril ears were also
beim* .i.fl l i r hlptnent by rail.
The ? pi o\ I WSJ COTOrod
With sa't where little st i earns of salty
water trU kb-d from the tanks. Salt
crust wax Whltl 0 ?r all the machin?
ery and frOSR the tanks long stalact?
ites of salt hung from every point.
The pump rc on looked looked lik< |
?Treat cavern In ic- and on every side
was the ?Ii ip. drip of the water. So
you don t get your salt from the
ocean, but from salt wells and salt
spring* in the central part of this
te of many Industries.
A. C. C.
Ithlca. N. Y. July 27. 1909
The collector of antiques stopped
ff at Bacon Itidge.
"Good day. sir." he said, address
ss; th?- neat aMater, "I am collecting
M-fashloned arlleles and would like
S know If I could find anything like
In th'.s bandet. Say antique
age, for Instance."
1/ncle Jason stroked his chin whls
"Antlque .mugs'* Jty heck. I know
the very place where thar he two of
?"You do? Here's a good cigar.
Now where can I And these antique
"Why. down on Main street. In Hi?
ram Spruceby's barber shop. Grandad
Wheally und Pap Simmomns are In
there getting shaved and, by heck,
Was? It comes to antique mugs, I
reektrn thars be the oldest In the
RED SHIRT REUNION.
Col. Stribllng Issues an Address About
It?Every County U Urged to Send
Aa Many Delegates as Possible.
The* following letter received by
Hon. R. I. Manning Is published for
the Information of the Game Cock
County '76 Red Shirts. It Is sincerely
hoped that Sumter County will send
a large delegation to this reunion:
'?While writing you lo behalf of the
Pendieton Farmen ' Society, I take the
liberty of asking the "Game Cock"
County to put In her claims to a posi?
tion at the Red Srlrt reunion at An?
derson 24th and 25th of August.
"This will be a good place to go to
look Into the faces of the "Old Reds"
that did so much to reclaim our old
State for her people In 1876, and we
want to meet the strongest sort of a
delegation from the Game Cock Coun?
ty at Anderson, 24th and 25th of Au?
J. C STRIBLING,
Temporary Chairman Red Shirt Re?
As the State chairman cannot un?
dertake to reply by letter to all en
quires concerning the Reunion to be
hold at Anderson, s. C, on the 24th
and 25th days of August, Ly the Red
Shirt men of the State, all newspa?
pers are kindly requested to publish
the following notice:
First, each county delegation will
be required to have a list of their
delegates and rolls, of as many Red
3hlrt companies as possible, ready to
hand to the Committee on Creden?
tials, at 11 o'clock on the 24th day of
Second, where counties have failed
to call meetings and elect delegates
to the State Reunion, any qualified
Red Shirt men present from said
counties, may hand their names to
the Committee on Credentials, for
-onslderatlon, when- the names of
ihelr counties are called.
Third, as no rule regarding the
basis for electing delegates could be
named In advance, it will be to the
Interest of each county, to send as
many delegates as possible.
Fourth, in order to dispatch the
business of the convention, make it
possltle to complete the enrollment
and perfect the Stute organization
within the limited time named in the
programme for the 24th, it will be
necesiiary to cut off t.ny lengthy argu?
ment! or discussion* of subjects not
bearing directly upon the question be?
fore I he convention. \ I
Fifth, while any Red Shirt men may
participate In the discussions, only
quallfed delegates will be allowed to
Sixth, none but delegates are re?
quired to be present cm the 24th, but
all Red Shirt men are urged to be In
the p xrade on the 2 5th, and in their
Sevmth, Commanders of the differ?
ent departments composing the pa?
rade, are required to have their re?
spective commands in radiness to
move promptly at the command of
the Chief Marshal of the day. at 11
J. C. STRIBLING,
Temporary Chairman, State Red Shirt
Ar Undecipherable Explanation.
An English firm, whose shipment
of goods was delayed in reaching Ja?
pan, received the following communi?
cation from their newly appointed
Japanese agent, says the New York
Tribune: "With regard to the matter
of esciplng the penalty for non-deliv?
ery of this?there Is only one way to
Creep round same?by diplomat. We
must make a stir of strike occurring
in our factory. Of course big untrue.
I place my preeoaoeonenolosedform
Of letter and believe this will avoid
the trouble of penalty of same. As
Mr. - is most religious and compe?
tent man. also heavily upright and
godly. It fears me that useless to ap?
ply fOf his signature. Please there?
fore attach same to Yokohama Office,
making forge. But no cause for fear
of prison happenings, as this often
happens by merchants of high integ?
rity. Put If this involves that your
honor look mean and excessive ark
ward for business purpose, I think
more better a little serpentlike wis?
dom of polite manhood and thus
found good business edifice." The firm
knows as much now about the delay
as it did before.
Evidently Not In Ijovo.
They watched the couple stroll up
the beach from the boat.
"i supposs their engagement will
be announced, tomorrow," said the
girl in blue,
"Oh, no, It won't." answered the
girl in white.
'Put they've be mi out in n boat
together flehlusj all the afternoon.*'
"I know It."
"Well, don't you suppose he seized
the opportunity to propose?''
"I know he didn't."
"How do you know?"
"He actually brought back some
The social climber believes that
all's well that ends swell.
TARIFF WORK CLOSING.
WILL PROBABLY BE COMPLET?
ED THIS WEEK.
Quick Action Anticipated?Senate
Probably Will Adopt Report After
Discussion by Its Advocates and
Washington, August 2.?Unless
something happens to provoke heated
discussion of a political character the
new tariff bill should be enacted into
law and the extraordinary session of
congress adjourned before th end of
the present week. Inquiry among
senators as to the adoption of the
conference report on the Payne-Ald
rich bill lndicats the debate will not
be so extended as it threatened to be
before the conferees reported.
The senate will meet at 10 o'clock
tomorrow. The sessions probably will
begin at that hour each day and will
continue until 6 or 7 o'clock daily. If
it is found there are more senators to
speak than have already given notice,
it is possible that evening sessions
may be held.
Senator Aldrich Is determined the
conference report shall not be carried
over into next week. He does not ex?
pect to occupy much time himself. He
said today he would not speak longer
than an hour or two and other mem?
bers of the committee would occupy
comparatively little time. It is prob- j
able senators who were opposed to the
placing of hides on the free list wir^
have something to say on that sub?
ject and all of the Republicans who,
voted against the bill when it was on
its passage in the senate will take oc?
casion to explain their action. Some
of these senators will vote: for the
adoption of the conference report and
some of them are expected to vote in
Senator Culberson, leader of the
minority, Is authority for the state?
ment that the Democrats will debate
Ihe conference report thoroughly, but
Will not filibuster gainst Its adoption.
Senators Daniel and Bailey, members
of the committee on finance, will
speak at length against the adoption
of the conference report and take the
lead In voicing Democratic opposition
to the new tariff bill.
Some of the senate leaders predict
a voce will be hand on the conference
report as early as Thursday and the
special session of congress can be
brought to a close on Friday.
4T hear that the Whlttleseys are
going to move to Washington. The
old man has made several million
dollars in the meat and grain busi?
ness lately, you know." "Yes, but I
don't understand why anybody wants
to move away from a town that has a
champion ball club and go to live
where the home team is always a
SITUATION IN SPAIN BETTER.
ORDER RESTORED IN BARCE
Revolutionists Still Hold Some of ?ie
Smaller Cities, But the End of the
Outbreak te Evidently Near?De
structlc^ of Property at Barcelona
Ie Described as Very Great?35
Churches and * a vents Burned.
Paris, Augu~?. ...?The Internal sit?
uation in Spain tonight seems to be
improving?Barcelona has emerged
from her isolation and the threatened
general strike in Madrid appears to
have been averted, at least temporar?
The first train out of Catalonia's
capital city since the beginning of the
tragic events there reached the
French frontier tonight, bringing cen?
sored and plainly inexact newspaper
accounts of the Insurrection, and of
the conditions in the outlying parts of
Catalonia. The rest is shrouded in
Several of the smaller cities are re?
ported to be in the hands of the rev?
olutionists, and ma.ny villages have
proclaimed the district a republic.
Troops are being steadily distributed
throughout the rebellious districts,
and barring new serious outbreaks,
t! 1 Insurrectionists eventually will be
forced to capitulate.
It Is said that the authorities are
determined to crush the insurrection
before the return from South Ameri?
can of Deputy Alejandro Leroux,
chief of the Republicans of Barce?
lona, whose period of exile for poli?
tical reasons was set aside by the
Chamber of Deputies last April.
Reports from San Felice, Palames
and Cassa de La Selva say that those
places are still in the hands of the
revolutionaries. It is rumored that
the Spanish gunboat Temerario has
left for San Felice to aid the troops in
restoring order. I
In striking contrast with the esti?
mates of the victims of the disorders
given by the Barcelona newspapers,
which arrived tonight, at Cerbere is
one of 5,000 emanating from private
advices received from Madrid. This
latter estimate, however, Is labelled
An oftcial statement issued in Mad?
rid tonight concerning the proposed
general strike there says that numer?
ous masons failed to report for duty
today, but It Is explained that this was
due ' to a fear of a clash with the
Spain's censorship tonight, is more
inexorable than ever. No news has
been received from the various points
in the north, where the trades unions
had planned a general strik for today,
and therefore the actual conditions
there and elsewhere cannot be stated.
Barcelona, August 2.?1 P. M.?
Life in the city of Barcelona and its
suburbs again is normal. The news?
papers are being published this after
noon and work generally has been re?
sumed. It is expected that the rail?
road and telegraphic communication
with the outside will be fully restor?
The losses by commerce during the
rioting of the past week have been
enormous and the destruction of
property has been great. Among the
victims of the military court-martial
are two members of the Chamber of
Deputies and eight aldermen of Bar?
*T have arranged everything."
As she looked up trustingly Into his
eyes, the young and beautiful girl'?;
hand stole confidingly into that of
her astonished lover.
"Everything!" he exclaimed.
"Yes, dear. I went frakly to fath?
er and told him the whole story,
how we first met, who you are. and,
indeed, all the circumstances; arid
he made not the slightest objection.
Then I went to mother and told her
the same thing, and she said that she
was very glad. So, dear, there is
nothing more to worry about."
He looked at her vaguely.
4 Didn't you teil, me" ha said
hoarsely, "that your father would
probably get mad at the first men?
tion of our love, and try to throw me
"I think I intimated something like
"And didn't you tell me that your
mother would probably go off into
hysterics and refuse positively ever to
let me enter the house again?"
"Sonrrethfng of the sort, dearest."
"And didn't you give me to under
:and that we would probably have to
meet clandestinely, and that in all
probability we would have to elope
and take the chances afterward of
the old folks' forgiveness?"
She smiled winningly.
"Yes, dear; but just think of it. It
has all been arranged so nicely, with?
out one of my forebodings coming
true. Indeed, I may say that father
and mother are both delighted. Now,
the only question Is when to fix the
But the young man shook his head.
"I'm awfully sorry, to disappoint
you," he said, "but I guess I'd better
go home an think this over. You are
I all a little bit too anxious to get me!''
Up in the Air.
Mrs. Jagsby (welcoming Mr. Jags
by at daybreak)?Up all night again,
Mr. Jagsby?Yes, m' dear, thash
jush it. Went up with Misher Wright
in his airship lash evenin' and he
couldn't get It down!?Puck.
Kess Thomas was shot and mortal?
ly wounded by Lewis Simmons?both
colored?at a picnic In Florence coun?
TARIFF ON PULP AND PAPER.
Reductions of Tax Saves Muco to
Coiwnmer?Possibilities of Trade
War With Canada.
New York, Aug. 2.?Mr. John Nir
ris, chairman of the committee on pa?
per of the American Newspaper Pub?
lishers' association, has issued a state- |
ment relating to the tariff on pulp
and paper in which he says it part:
"In the proposed tariff bill publish?
ers have secured the abolition of the
duty of 11.67 per ton on ground
wood. They obtained a reduction
from $5 per ton to $3.75 per ton on
print paper?a saving of approxl-^
mately $2,700,000 per annum in the
cost of news print paper to consum?
"If the publishers had not Inaug-^
urated their campaign for a reduct?
ion of duty, it Is I'kely the paper
makers would have secured an in?
crease from $6 per ton to $8 to $10ri
per ton on print paper upon their
representations that American wood
had Increased in cost to the extent of
$6 per ton of paper produced.
'Under the new schedule, each
province in Canada is considered as
a unit, so that Nova Scotia and New I
Brunswick, which have no restric?
tions of any kind upon exportation of
pulp paper, can Immediately avail
themselves of the new tariff rate.
Quebec h: 3 a stumpfcge tax of 25
cents per cord on wood cut from
crown lands for exportation. Ontario
prohibits absolutely the exportation
of wood cut from crown lands. New?
foundland also prohibits the exporta?
tion of pulp wood.
"American paper makers hold
leases of 12,000 square miles of crown .
lands in the province of Quebec. \
These leases expire in 1910, and It Is
given out that within three weeks
from the date of the signing of the
Payne bill the terms of the new
Quebec leases will be promulgated.
"It Is barely possible that Quebec
may regard the new legislation as the j
best obtainable and abolish its stump
por ition of pulp wood cut from crown
lands, the American owners of timber
rights are prepared to set up a com?
plaint of confiscation. A serious tan
} gle Is threatened with possibilities of
a pulp wood shortage and a tradtfy
war between Canada and the United!
Same Old Bluff.
The king was in his counting room
counting out his money, the queen
was In the kitchen eating bread and 1
"We are trying to make the neigh?
bors think we have gone to the coun?
try," she cried.
Thus we see life was the same in
olden times.?New York Sun. |
Often the trouble with gilt-edge se?
curities is that's where all the gilt Is
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Semi-Weekly Watchman and Southron
AND A PAIR OF ADJUSTABLE TENSION SPRING SHEARS
STEEL SHEARS, OR A HAMILTON SAFETY RAZOR ALL FOR
the steel sii EAl's given away are manufactured of the very hlgcsl grade steel, perfectly tempered ami heavily nickle-phrted
on e highly polished surface. The patent tt-nslnn spring lakes up all tnewoaron the rivet, so that the cuttlug edges will never wear dull.
A simple turn of the little thumb-screw will adjust the blades to cut anything from the thinesi and dhw( delicate fabric to the heaviest
how To ORT the SHEA 118 Send us fl.50 with ."> cents 5addltlonal for r postage, ami von will receive the Shears by re?
turn mall ai.<l the Semi- Weekly Watchman and b'outuron f or oue vear. The hin uni re offend an addltloual Indu 'et .< ut to subscribe,
Better do it now, as the number Is limited,
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eign news, and is an up-to-date of publication, together with special features from contributors,
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around Southern producer.
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