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MARING MONEY ON THE FARM.
Um SSid Crops, Better Trent men t of
and Steady Work, Aiwa ye Win.
Wishing to ascertain the present
ejeodltlon of South Carolina farmers.
Via Charleston News and Courier
called upon Ite correspondents
throughout the State, with results
are Instructive. Though at this
>n of the year many farmers who
?rdlnar?y have money In bank have
withdrawn their deposits for active
m, reports received show to farm
credit over 16.000,000, or more
the total deposits of all South
Carolina banks In 1881. But, some
?ankers having refused Information
aasd reports being otherwise Incom
ystte. the Newa and Courier thinks
hfest 810.000.000 more nearly repre
?sets ths correct total than 86.000.
Ia the seven bank* of York
ity. Just below Charlotte, there Is
1.800 to the credit of the farmers.
Rock Hill slone the banks hold
farmers' credit from 8180.000 to
18.000 In one Rock Hill bank far
hare 8160,000 to their credit
so the story goes. We do not
ider to find a news summary of
reports declaring that "the ma
condition of the farmers of the
An, taken as a whole, Is undoubted
better than for some years psst
probably better than ever be
? In addition, benefit Is expeet
I from the recent repeal of the State
en law, which made against thrift
sd for debt
The Observer quite agrees with a
am men t of ths News and Courier
farming certainly pays, and that
8g assy be doubted whether any other
fcsasinees pays better. And farming
jpmpecte become more encouraging
when we consider how much
there Is for Improvement In
tods. Here In the South our folks
undoubtedly far behind the east
northern and western farmer in
Intelligent application of modern
methods. The Southern farm worker
?was lately producing, on an average,
about one-seventh as much in value
the Iowan. Almost certainly he
better than this now, but the
:t. for example, thatb y very simple
ms hec ould double his acreage
lid In corn shows how opportunities
still largely unused. Dlverslflca
es, long recognised to be among his
?hie' needs, grows, though not as rap
tdty as It might
Perhaps the greateat need of all Is
ghat the ruin and butchery of the soil
Should cease. Nowhere else on the
face of the earth has farming land
b*?n so recklessly handled as In our
ithern States. Fields which should
tve produced Increasingly rich crops
r centuries have often been "worn
-w?hlch is to say, butchered?
srtthln a few years, or perhaps even
sgmllied and washed away. To these
smfortunate results cheapness of land
and cheapness of labor both contrlb
In particular, the Ignorant ne?
t's low efficiency has tended to drag
rn the whttem an's efficiency and
exert a most unfavorable influence
sjpon the ge- ^i^l standurd. Now,
however, the white man 1) not rest
lac content with old ways, and the
negro shows a disposition to follow
?Im For one thing, land has grown
ts>o valuable to butcher. Of course
the Southern farmer has had to con?
tend with hardships which the farm
ejr and people of other sections qVilte
?scaped, chief among these, apart
from war and Its results, was the lack
?f local markets; but when the cot
taai mill began covertlng competitors
into customers his economic salvation
Year by year the Southern farm
air's position grows stronger. He
sfasi us with the farmers of the coun?
try at large the benefit of constantly
rising prices for foodstuffs and every
?Cher commodity which he produces
taore and more per acre to benefit by
situation. He naturally has plen
of brains, and he Is now learning
to mix them with his farming,
its agricultural departments and
rtcultursl colleges serve the South
?well Within the past twelve years
the department of agriculture at
Washington, under Secretary James
>n, has done much. Other fac?
tor Isrge usefulness are publlca
llks the Progressive Farmer,
*rhlch Is at presnt running a most val
wabU series of articles on "Five Hun?
dred Dollars More s Year."
Does farming pay? Well, rather.
It la hard to think of any occupation
which will so well repay even a Ty
aaoderate exepndltur.. of brains and
In the early hours of Tuesday, at
Oreenvllle Engineer Snclder of the
fteuthern Hallway shot and prohiibly
fatally wounded a negro. Lyde (ialns,
apparently attempting burglary,
wbl e the negro was trying to SJltel
a house. AftOf shooting the burglar
the engineer took his man to the de
pot and turned him over to a police?
man (lain* |s now being held In the
Paul Morton Objects to French
fashions. If he could not give the
ladies something m Hjri !??? witching,
doubtless they would be glad to fol?
low hla genius.
DOG SAVES GIRL FROM DEATH.
Anlt i il Swims Ashoro From Over?
turned Boat and Summons Prompt
Sausalito, Cal., Aug. 1.?Miss Carol
Sheldon, of Reno, New, went rowing
in the bay early this morning before
the remainder of the family she was
visiting had arisen.
As usual she took her shepherd
dog, Squire, with her in the light skiff
and was enjoying the row immensely
when the 6:45 ferryboat from San
Francisco approached the Sausalito
landing. The waves caused by the
ferry rocked the tight craft occupied
by the girl to an alarming degree, ex?
citing both Miss Sheldon and the dog.
In her efforts to prevent the animal
from leaping overboard Miss Sheldon
leaned too heavily upon the gunwale,
and the boat capsized. When she
arose to the surface the girl grasped
the edge of the upturned boat and
called for assistance, but her cries
Knowing that she could not remain
long In the water, she looked about
for some means of reaching land. Her
dog, Squire, was swimming in circles
about his young mistress, loth to
leave her In her dangerous position.
Sight of him gave the plucky gir! a
fortunate Idea, and calling the ani?
mal to her side she succeeded In tying
a bit of ribbon from her hair to his
"Go home. Squire!" she command?
ed sternly, and although the loyal
dog would not obey at first he finally
turned his head toward the shore.
The intelligent shepherd went direct
to the home of Miss Sheldon's sister
on the hill overlooking the bay.
Newton Faucet, a mining man of
Reno, and intimate fried of the fam?
ily, had Just gone out on the veranda
to admire the view. He was consid?
erably puzzled at the strange antics
of the dog, which barked frantically,
and after running a short distancr
down the path to the shore would re?
turn and seem to beg Faucet to fol?
low. Finally Faucet noticed the rib?
bon on the dog's collar, and knowing
it was Miss Sheldon's habit to take an
early row in the bay, he accompanied
the excited dog to the beach.
Miss Sheldon had been anxiously
waiting, and when she saw her dog
returning with a man she renewed
her calls for help. Faucet procured a
small boat and went to her assistance
Although numb from the cold, the
young woman reached the shore suf?
fering no serious effects from her ex?
perience.?San Francisco Call.
His Master's Successor. "
Forming a touching illustration o
a dog's devotion :o a dead master is
Rob, "the unsalaried trackwalker" of
the Northern Pacific Railroad in Ta
coma, says the Seattle Times.
Following the route of his dead
master, who walked tracks and tend
ed switch lights for the Northern Pa
clflc In the local yards, and who was
killed by a switch engine more tha'
a month ago, Bob, the pet dog of the
family of William H. Gehring, 2801
South J street, continues to patrol the
tracks and guard the lamps, altohugh
his master has answered the call to
the Great Beyond.
No amount of coaxing, bribe offer*
of meat, or even a collar and chain
can prevent this little faithful, brown
shaggy dog from going to work eacl
day and returning home with te set
ting sun on the same hours of hi
dead master's arrivals and depar
"Boh, the Trackwalker," as he has
been nicknamed by the railroad men
Is not a dog with blood or pedigree
but Just a plain dog. His ears are
scarred from many battles and hi
stub of a tail wags pathetically when
he is petted. He was given to one o
the Gehrlng children four years ago
because the owner could not see am
thing in him but Just plain dog. The
owner did not look beyond the ski
and he missed the big, grateful heart
It is Bob's daily habit to leave home
at 7:30 o'clock In the morning an
return shortly after 4 p. m. Betwee
the time he leaves home and returns
he Is on the Job every minute. He
goes over the same ground covered bj
his dead master, and when tired lies i
front of the shanty that was Used 1
the trackwalker. By growling and
showing vicious rows of teeth the do
guards ihls shanty during the noon
Bob has found a warm spot in th
heart of every employe of the North
ern Pacific with whom he has com
Il contact. The sight of the shagg
dirty little animal trotting up and
down the tracks each day brings
tears to the mens' eyes, and, at meal
hoars ywltehmen ami flagmen vie With
I ich oth*?r In looking a.ter his wel?
fare.?-Our Dumb Animals.
The Chinese have pr ?ven they in?
vented about everything excepting
the 4th of July. But they are acces?
sories after the fact even in that.
Taft || taking a good deal of In?
terest In the Wright brothers. But
e\< n If he does want to give up golf
for aeronautics, who is going to take
(the contract for the aeroplane?
It Is not at nil surprising that the
American vernacular should some?
times prove a little too much for the
Englishman. A case in point was that
of a visitor from London who came
to New York last summer and was
taken by his host to see one of the
league baseball games at the Polo
grounds. The game had progressed a*
far as the third inning without any?
thing In particular happening. wUcd
suddenly one of the Giants pounded
out a three bagger that set everybody
howling with joy.
?That was a bird!** ejaculated the
Englishman's host after the excite
ment had subsided.
A moment later a foul tip sent the
ball flying back to the grand stand.
"And what do you call that?" queried
'That's a foul," said hie host
"Ah," returned the Englishman, "n
fowl, eh? Well, It seems to me that
the language of baseball Is most ex?
traordinary. A fowl is a bird and o
bird Is a fowl, and yet you use these
terms to describe two plays that seem
to me to be diametrically opposed tc
each other. Do you call that logical r
The Englishman la still trying to
think It out?Harper's Weekly.
There has not been an English gen?
eral since Marlborough. Wellington
was born at Dangan castle, Meath. of
an old Irish family called Wesley and
christened In Dublin. Wolfe was boru
it Ferneaux abbey. Klldare, and chris?
tened at Westerham?nearly in the
same case as the Brontes (Brunty).
His grandfather defended Limerick
against William III.
Sir John Moore and the Naplers were
Scotchmen, and so was Abercromble
vE?vpt): so were Napier of Magdala.
Crawford and Clyde. Wolseley. Rob?
erts and Kitchener are Irish; so was
Gongh. The generals and statesmen
who saved India to Great Britain were
Neill Nicholson, the two Lawrence?
(Irish), Edwards (Welsh) and Rose
I know of Wolfe because my great?
grandfather seTTed under him at Que?
bec. His Irish birth was corroborat?
ed to me by Captain Dunne, once well
known In literary circles of a Queens
county family. I don't know whether
Scotchmen like to be called English,
but certainly Irishmen do not?Lon?
A Queer Battle.
A traveler in South Africa *tell3 of v
singular combat that he witnessed. He
was musing one morning with hts
eyes on the ground when he noticed
a caterpillar crawling along at a rapid
pace, followed by hundreds of small
ants. Being quicker In their move
merits, the ants would catch up with
the caterpillar, and one would mount
his back and bite him. Pausing, the
caterpillar would turn his head and
bite the ant and kill his tormentor.
After slaughtering a dozen or more of
his persecutors the caterpillar showed
signs of fatftrue. The nnts made a
combined attack. Betaking himself to
a stalk of grase, the caterpillar climbed
up tall first, followed by the ants. As
one approached Qo seised It in his
Jaws and threw it off the stalk. The
arts, seeing the caterpillar had too
strong a position fcr them to over?
come, resorted to strategy. They be?
gan Sawing ? through the grass stalk.
In a few moments the stalk fell, and
hundreds of ants pounced upon the
caterpillar. It was killed at once.
Taking the Step.
It happened while a marriage was
being celebrated. The bridegroom did
not have the usual happy, bashful
look. Instead he seemed to be profound?
ly unhappy and fidgeted about, stand
In? first on one foot and then on the
So potent vvas his state of mental un?
quiet that the "best man" deemed it
expedient to elucidate the mystery
"Ilae yo lost the ring?" he solicitously
"No." answered the unhappy one.
with n WOffnl look; **the ring's sufe
enough, but man. I've lost my en?
thusiasm."? London Scrap.
A Methodical Ceinj.
A mint of method who attended to
everything on schedule time, whether
It was work or recreation, hud the
fortune to fall in love when he had
passed the ggf of forty. The mistress
of his heart put Bp with his oddities.
He had regular ulaJiUi for calling upon
her, regular bom* for coming und
going, regular theater and club nights,
etc. In fact, she looked upon Iiis regu?
larity as something udmirublo.
Things had been going on in this
way for two years, aud finally the
great crisis came. They were to be
married. The day was fixed, the wed?
ding clothes were made, tiie guests in
vited, and the minister Wttl engaged.
At the appointed time they were a!
assembled. The bride was dressed, the
wedding presents were displayed, bu.
the bridegroom came not Tue bride
wept and fainted, but it did no good.
Finally some friends of the delinquent
groom hurried away to see if he could
be found. He could. lie was at houi?
in bis room, reading as unconcernedly
us if be hud never contemplated gel
"Wl.it is the matter? Why don't
you come to your wedding?" shouted
The man of regular habits laid down
"I am very sorry," he said, "but tlii^
is my regular day for staying at home
and rending. 1 forgot It when I made
the engagement. The wedding will
have to be postpoued."?London Tit
Nellie apologised for the action of
her new baby sister by saying, "You
see, she hasn't got any sense yet." Her
mother objected to such an idea, and
Nellie replied, "Oh. of course she's got
sense, but It Isn't working yet"?Do
FREDERICK AND VOLTAIRE.
Stormy Relations of the Miserly King
and the Lavish Author.
The world knows plenty about the i
elements of strength In the characters
Of great men, but loss about their
weaknesses. Here is a story that
shows the other side of the natures of
Frederick the Groat and Voltaire:
Frederick the Great had a leaning |
toward literature. He wrote poems, J
plays and booklets that. In his opin?
ion, possessed rare merit So It
seemed fitting to him that great liter?
ary meu should fraternize, and he sent (
an Invitation to Voltaire to be his
guest Accompanying the invitation
was a sura of money to defray the
great Frenchman's traveling expenses j
to the Prussian capital.
Let It be explained at this point that
Frederick was extremely penurious
and that Voltaire was not only ex?
travagant but had many of the char?
acteristics of what we would now call
a grafter. It should also be under?
stood that Frederick despised graft?
ing, and Voltaire abhorred miserli?
Voltaire accepted the Invitation?and
then had an afterthought. Why not
take a favorite niece with him? So
he wrote to the king that If he would
send an extra thousand louls he would
bring the girl.
"Sir." replied the king, *1 did not
ask the young lady to do me the honor
of visiting me, and I shall send noth?
ing to pay her expenses."
"The old miserr said Voltiire to a
friend. "Ho has tubs of money in his
treasury, yet will not giant me this
However, Voltaire went to Berlin, but
each fonnd that he hated the other too
much to make their friendship perma?
The king once gave Voltaire a pack?
age of poems to revise.
"See*" said Voltaire to a German no?
bleman, "what a quantity of dirty
linen Frederick has sent roe to washl**
The king thought his giest was too
free with the chocolate and sugar and
gave orders that he be put on a re?
stricted daily allowance.
Voltaire retaliated by gathering all
the wax candles he could find in the
halls and storing them In bis trunk.
Soon the royal palace became too hot
for him, and be began to pack up.
Then Frederick missed his package of
poems. At once he scented a plot. Vol?
taire Intended to take the verses back
home with him and palm them off as
bis own. Lord Macaulay has sold that
the poems were so bad that he wok
convinced Voltaire would not for half
of Frederick's kingdom have consent?
ed to father them. But the king
thought differently, being the author
of the poems.
So the Prussian monarch had Vol?
taire thrown Into jail at Frankfort and
kept him locked up for twelve days.
Sixteen hundred dollars that was
found in his pocket was taken away
from him. The king In the days of
their friendship had given Voltaire a
life pension of $3,200 a year, and the
money that was confiscated was a
Thus ended their friendship.?Scrap
The Porcelain Secret.
The porcelain industry of Germany
comparatively young, says the Berlin
Morgen Post and its development was
rapid. Although It is generally believed
that the Chinese kept their processes
of manufacture secret, Julian's transla- ?
tlons of their voluminous encyclopedia |
show that this Is not true. All who j
could have read the work might have j
known also the porcelain secret. But
evidently no German fathomed the me?
chanical mystery until the apothecary's
apprentice Boettgar, 20C years ago,
made the first German porcelain at
Dresden. Some years before he had
attracted attention by proclaiming the
discovery of a method of changing
base metal Into gold. Klag Frederick
I. gave him orders for the precious
metal, which the slxteeri-year-old In?
ventor could not execute, aud in fear
he fled to Dresden and became a sub?
ject of King August the Strong. While
endeavoring to make gold he discover
sd the porcelain secret and inscribed -
his door thus: "Into a potter was
changed by Almighty God a man who
thought he could make gold."
What s Political 8peaksr Endures.
The political stump speaker has
many amusing and many unpleasant
experiences. A party of us went down
into the heart of the east side of New
York one night with a politician some?
what handicapped by his wealth and
social position, who nevertheless elect?
ed to go to the doubtful district per-1
sonally. At a street corner a bunting
draped cart awaited blra, and, climbing
to the tailboard of this, he began tell?
ing the ragged audience Id well round-!
ed periods how they should vote and
why. A few Jeers began to crop from
the tolerance of the crowd. The Jeers
gained volume. He was told to "Aw.
I shet up!" ,4Close your head!" "Say,
give us a drink; your talk makes us
t'irsty." Somewhat disconcerted, but
still determined to finish his speech,
he was continuing when something
hurtled past bis head and splashed
gently on the floor of the cart. An?
other something and another followed,
and every one was dodging decadent
tomatoes until. It becoming Impossible
to hear a shout above the jeers and
laughter of the voters, the horses were
started forward out of the soft red
bombardment and the district left to
Its own political sins.?John B. Wlu
chell In Metropolitan Magazine.
Very Little Change.
"It's three years since I was In this
city," said a stranger In a restaurant
as ho was walking out after finishing
his dinner; "city looks the same."
"I don't find much change!" respond?
ed the waiter as he took up the nickel
that was left on tbe table.
The Hind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
and has been made under his per
fflj- fll, sonal supervision since its infancy*
'C<?^4A<1 Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and" Just-as-good"are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups* It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium* Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee* It destroys Worms
and aMays Feverishness* It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TM? ?sirrAu* company, rr murra\ trcct. new vcrr em.
Birnie's Drug Store,
15 W. Liberty St
SUMTFPw. S. C
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
: PORE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
A STRONG ARGUMENT
In favor of our building materials
is that our house is the favorite
purchasing place for builders who
have the reputation of putting up
the best residences, public buildings
and stores in Sumter. You get
nothing but the best here, whether it
be lumber or sash and doors, and
our prices are beyond competition.
The Sumier Door, Sash & Blind Factor},
J. W. McKeiver - - Proprietor.
Thirtieth Annual Mountain Eicursion Via
AUGUST IStk, 1909
Very low round trip rates to the principal resorts in North Car?
olina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Washington, D. C. and Norfolk.
Va., including Asheville, Brevard. Flat Rock, Hendersonville, Hot
Springs, Lenoir, Lincolnton, Marion, Saluda, Shelby, Tryon and
Waynesville. N. C, also Abbeville, Anderson, Glenn Springs.
Greenville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Walhalla and White Stone
Llthla Springs, S. C. have been authorized. Tickets will be on sale
for all trains on August 18th, 1909, from Barnwell. r'amden, Ches?
ter, Denmark, Summerville, St. George, Eiranchville, Orangeburg.
St. Matthews and Sumter, S. C.
Tickets will be good returning on any regular train up to and
including September 2nd, 1909.
Children between five and six years of age, half fare
For detailed information, tickets, etc., Apply to Southern Rail?
way ticket agents or address.
J. L. MKEK,
Ami, Gen. Pas. Act.
Ii. 1). LVSK.
Div. Pass. Agent.
Charleston. S. C.
Who Deposits Your Money?
tSumter. S. C.
Why not deposit your own money and pay
all your bills by check? Have a receipt far all
the money you spend.
When yon own a poor! hank account, you get
more benefit from ^ood tirmsand less liarm from
We IWant Your Business.