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HOMELESS II JINI
OVER ?0,000 HOMES DESTROYED
BY FI HE.
Many Public Building*. Including Bud
dhlst Tempi? and Stock Exchange,
Were Swept Away.
Osaka, Japan, August 1?Confusion
still prevails here as a result of Satur?
day's disastrous fire. Thousands of per?
sons are homeless and hunger is star?
ing many of them In the face.
A system of relief has been organ?
ised by the municipal authorities, but
It Is Inadequate to supply all needs.
Outside cities and towns are gener?
ously sending In contributions to be
used in allevatlng the sufferings of the
homeless and destitute.
The latest estimate is that 20,000
buildings are destroyed, these includ?
ing banks, the stock exchange, mu?
seum, government edifices and factor?
ies. While at present it is Impossible
accurately to t?te the losses these are
given roughly at several million yen.
It Is feared that some of the insur?
ance companies will fall as a result
of the heavy losses they will have to
The conflagration lasted more than
tS hours and today the burned sec?
tion presents a deplorable sight. The
streets of the city are very narrow
and the houses were mostly of wood
construction. Under a strong breese,
therefore, the buildings were easy
prey for the flames which Jumped to
one another with great rapidity. Once
hope was almost abandoned that the
contte 'ration could be arrested.
Th*- flremen fought valiantly
against the odds of lack of water and
the high wind and many of them fell
unconscious while working bravely at
their posts. Had not the water sup?
ply been curtailed by the existing
drought It Is believed the flre would
have been quenched without great
During the Are the greatest confu?
sion prevailed among the spinning
girls In the factory quarter, but for?
tunately no serious loss of life oc?
The belonging!; of the people who
were able to save anything from their
burning homes are piled in great
heaps along the railroad tracks from
Omsks to Kobe, where they were re?
moved early Saturday morning when
tbs fire broke out In the gray of the
daw a of Saturday thousands of per
exsee heavily laden with household ef?
fects wars to be eeen fitting across
the numerous canal bridges and away
Crom ?ho flre ions. When they had
ranched places of safety the burdens
were laid down and the able-bodied
members of families returned to the
city to assist In fighting the flames,
leaving the old people to guard their
effects f.om thieves. All day long
Saturday and far into the night the
people assisted the flremen and the
troops in quenching the conflagration.
An area of over four miles square,
containing some of the city's hand?
somest structures. Including the
Buddhist temple, the largest In the
world, was entirely burned. The stock
exchange, one of the most Important
In this country, was entirely destroy?
ed. Thlt loss, It Is believed, will tend
considerably to dislocate the business
of Osaka, which, with Its manufac?
turing concerns, Is one of the chief
commercial cities Of Japan.
Many touching sights were to be
seen during the flre. The women
wsre terror-stricken and fled hither
and thltfceT with their children, some
of whom later cried plteously for
food that could not be obtained for
The emperor Is deeply concerned
over the disaster and It Is believed
that he will make a generous dona?
tion to the relief of the city, and that
hts i will he quickly followed
by gifts from charitable people an?l
On las* Sunday nl^ht the town of
Ca!ho in Falls came near being wip?
ed off the map by fire. The poatoftlce
snd two store-rooms were destn ? !
but by hard work of the citizens the
flre wn* stopped, boss is about $5.
tOt. Origin of flre unknown.
Some Faithful I*?g*?.
A single Issue of a New York news?
paper contains three accounts of the
savin* of human life by dogs. One of
the incidents occurred at Wlllama
burg. N V., where a small black-and
ton terrier discovered an abandoned
Infsnt and attracted the attention of
his mistress to the little stranger in
time to preserve It from death by ex?
posure. Another was reported from
Bay City. Mich., where a dog led res?
cuers to an abandoned bouse, In a
closet of which two girls of 10 and
11. trapped by a treacherous spring
lock. had been Imprisoned for 20
hours. The last account was from
Jackson. Mich., in the outsklrits of
Which place a father and mother and
two stolidr n were aroused at nlicht by
the barking of their pet dog. and
found the house In flames. The fam?
ily barely escaped with their IfveS*
end the dog was burned to death.
It la easy for Spain to suppress the
news, but how about suppressing the
TOLLMAN NOT TO JOIN FIGHT.
Senator Will Not Return to Washing?
ton to Oppose Aldrlch Machine.
Washington. D. C, August 2.?Sen?
ator Tlllman will not return to Wash?
ington again at this session of con?
gress*. This Information was secur?
ed from B. R. Tlllman, Jr., a son of
the senator, today.
Although many Inquiries have been
made for Senator Tlllman here, It was
not known positively that he was lec?
turing in the West until the statement
was made by his son this morning.
Senators Bacon and Clay, of Georgia;
Bailey, of Texas, and other Southern
senatorn are making a hard fight to
protect the Interests of the South in
the tariff bill, but it is almost impos?
sible to keep the Aldrlch machine
from running away with probably
half the Democrats absent.
Impressions of Massachusetts.
Editor of The Item:
I have forgotten where I left off.
However, I am about in the centre of
Massachusetts, in the country. The
land Hen in long hills, from one mile
to several miles up and down. Rocks
abound and there are stone walls
around the fields. Hay, which has
been cut seems to be the principal
The good roads movement is on in
good es.rnest. These people travel
so much that it takes all manner of
ways, such as vehicles, autos. trolley
and steam roads to accommodate a
part of them. If the flying car was
perfected one can easily Imagine that
the air would be filled with large
fleets of thorn. A trolley line runs
through this section. It operates a
car every half hour that carries 60
passengers. A fare of five cents is
collected from each passenger be?
tween each stopping place. A yankee
trick I suppose to keep from carry?
ing passengers for a cheaper straight
fare. In riding through the country
you meet autos without numbers and
cone quite frequently upon villages
or "towns" as they here call them, of
five to one hundred thousand people,
Just dotted all over with factories.
Tou further notice many small farm
factories rigged up with water power
all along through the country, though
these are all abandoned, practically
In ruins. I believe that shows the evo?
lution of things.
I ran down to Boston for a day and
night, and on the way down thought
seversl times on entering court house
towns that I had reached it. The first
building to attract my attention was
the enormous temple of the Christian
Science people with its great gilded
dome. The city Is entered under?
ground and. oh my, it makes one feel
uncanny to drop down from the lights
and business of the street Into a deep
cave and travel right on faster than
over! It Is needless to tell of the bus?
iness and houses of the city, except
perhaps, to say that 10-story build?
ings are as common ss dirt. I no?
ticed the people I think more than
their creations. The railroad passen?
ger depot has 40 tracks for trains to
back in to be boarded. Each track is
numbered and after getting direc?
tions no one need go wrong. It is
larger than Washlgton, D. C.'s station.
They tell m^ whenever distinguished
men visit the city the cavalry escort
Tldis right in to where the cars stand.
The State House covers a block or
more with a street running under It.
The people commemorate their
worthies by paintings and statuary
in bronze and marble. I stood before
a great equestrian statue of one of
their generals who fell at Malvern
Ulli and it made me feel sad In the
same manner when I read in some of
mir church windows "sacred to the
memory, etc.," and then "lost In bat?
tle." Massachusetts claims to the
b;:th place of many great men. They
count a great man lit re as one that
has done or Is trying to do good for
the "commonwealth" as they call the
"State." I culled on Gov. Draper,
who Is reputed to be worth ten mil?
lions, but yet a man of great deeds,
politically, for the people.
Right in the heart of Boston Is the
' commons" as they call it of about
ISU acres in extent, where thousands
loaf all the time.
In Ilia state House Is a marble hall
where the war Hans are on exhibition
and there are hundreds of them,
which makes me marvel at the valor
of our soldiers, as everything here Is
so large and appears so strong. There
Is in (ho historical Brlstlsh equip?
ments captured ut the Battle of Ben
nlnKton such as swords, muskets
drums nnd Hessian glided hlnh front
hat, all of which were very Interest?
ing to me.
Bunker Hill monument Is ascended
by steps. It is a great pile of granite.
Generals Putnam and Warren are
here much In evidence. No one could
Uli me where the dead British sol?
diers were burled. Boston has one
and a quarter millions of people, nnd
Is more than busy, they are rushed.
"South Carolina Is dry enough to
burn, and there is a fiery feeling In
some sections."?Atlanta Constitution.
And no firewater to put It out.
STATE NURSERY LAW.
Sections That Will Interest Nursery?
men and Greenhouse Owners.
The following communication was
received today from the office of the
State Entomologist, at Clemson Col?
We desire to call the attention of
nurserymen and dealers In green?
house stock to that section of the
State nursery law, passed by the 1903
session of the General Assembly of
South Carolina, which is vitally re?
lated to their line of work.
Section 7. It shall be unlawful
sell or offer for sale or transporta?
tion within this State plants, buds,
trees, shrubs, vines, tubers, roots or
cuttings that have not been inspect?
ed or bear the inspection tag of the
said Entomologist; and any pcreon or
persons voilating the provisions of
this section shall be deemed guilty of
misdemeanor, and upon conviction
shall be fined in a sum not exceeding
one hundred dollars, or imprisonment
the county jail not exceeding thirty
Section 9 of the same law provides
that the inspection shall be made be?
fore first day of November each year.
We are planning to cover the entire
State with one inspection trip in or?
der to avoid unnecessary duplication
of expenses. Those parties having nur?
series or greenhouses to be inspect?
ed should communicate with this of?
fice immediately so that our schedule
may be arranged to accommodate ev
ry party. In case of persons failing
to secure a place on this schedule no
change in the regular schedule will be
made to accommodute them and they
shall have to await inspection until
we can arrange for them.
All inquiries concerning this matter
hould be addressed to State Entomo?
logist, Clemson College, S. C.
CUBANS HIDE MONOTU
son id Queer Places In Which People
Secrete Their Cash.
Although there are excellent sav?
ing banks in Cuba, for generations
the people have been accustomed to
secrete their cash. A traveler tells of
one hiding place in the bird's house in
i tree. The Cuban's residence had
been looted a number of times during
the various revolutions, but the raid?
ers had never suspected the birds'
house in the tree. After the death of
the head of the family the valuables
were removed by the children and
placed In the Havana bank. In an?
other case the wall of a buildmg was
chosen. A man with considerable
patience hollowed out one of the
stones In this wall. Five days were
consumed in clipping out this hollow.
Within this hollow the little casket
containing jewels and money was
placed. Then a stone slab had to be
cut to replace the front without show?
ing any break. This required two
days more. The piece of stone was
slipped into place and sealed with ce?
ment In order to remove the stone
fresh tools were required each time.
But this hiding place served for years
and exists now.
One man thought he had found a
most effective hiding place when he
put a shelf under the eaves of his
house for holding the cash box. The
place was chosen partly because of
the existence of a small hornets' nest
here. Robbers, as a rule, will not
take much interest in searching a
place in the vicinity of a nest of
wasps oi hornets. But the home of
the insects grew, and after a few
months the nest expanded to the box.
and the owner could not get the box
without danger of being slung. He
frei Obliged to hire two bee experts
to come with nets and ladders and re?
move the box. A wasp stung through
one man's mitt just as he grabbed the
box and the receptable fell to the
pavement belOW and some small
?earlfl war? scattered about the place.
eral hours were consumed in find?
ing the lost valuables. The owner
VOWtd that he would place his valu?
able! in a depository in Havana there?
Another odd place for hiding a bag
of money was in a hollowed table
lag, Cuba Is noted for its ponderous
articles of furniture. There are table
leg! with ample space for hollowing
a secret chamber. Usually a tightly
fitting ftnot Is made and when this is
Oloatd the bag is well concealed. The
hall stands are not overlooked in
some of the houses of the Spaniards
and Cubans. The natives of the coun?
try love to have plenty of hall light.
These hall lights are often fixed to
elaborate stands. One such stand
proved to be a very effective hiding;
plaoe for years, until one night the
house burned down and the money
went with it.?Philadelphia Ledger.
York County is just now engaged
in building a fine macadam road from
ROOK Hill to tht> ('luster County line,
and Chester is showing a disposition
to meet It with one as good. In faet.
this feeling is growing very general in
that section, and Is being made more
enthusiastic by the great inter-state
highway movement. It can be said
that York's roads are being greatly
improved each year.
See our stock before you buy your seeds. Now is the
time to sow RUTABAGA SEEDS. We carry only the
best seeds for planting. In fact they are grown by a
man by the name of PLANT, so you see they must
_?- i The clearest evidence that wc can give is that we have
Fmit JarS. j so many calls for jars that it is hard for us ta keep them
-them in stock. We have some in transit and a few on
hand. Extra rubbers, tops, etc. We have every commodity used in pickling, such as spices,
vinegar and peppers.
We can help you keep your money in your pocket. This statement is backed up by the
many patrons we have. If you are not already one, give us a call.
Don't forget that we ?1 the celebrated CYPHERS CHICKEN FOODS
and products. If you have not placed an order for an incubator, do so
at once, and receive it in time for your fall chickens. We can supply you
with any size Incubator on short notice. Call and get a catalogue and
be convinced that the CYPHERS INCUBATOR is the BEST. It is the ouly FIRE-PROOF, INSURABLE Incubator
ofTered for sale. You can leave It In your bed room without affecting your insurance. Ask your Insurance agent
about CYPHERS GOODS. Write or call for full ; particulars.
Chicken Foods, Etc.
A. A. StraUSS & CO., "Where Quality Reigns/'
Most Innings Ever Played.
The longest game of baseball ever
played in the world was contested be?
tween the Henry L. Pierce grammar
school of Dorchester and the Bennett
school of Brighton this afternoon. For
28 innings both teams struggled for
supremacy, the Pierce school finally
winning out by the small score of
4 to 3. S i
The game, which lasted more than |
three hours, abounded in specaular
plays on the part of both teams.
Neither side scored until the third
inning when the Pierce school scored
tWO runs, but in their hajf the Ben?
nett boys made three. This was even?
ed up in the fourth by Pierce. Then
for 23 innings both side3 went out
In the final inning the boys from
the Pierce school bunched three hits,
sending the final and winning run
across the pan.
One remarkable feature of the
game was the fact that both pitchers
stuck to the game until the finish, al?
though both were asked to give way
to some of the substitutes.
The longest professional league
game on record was played last year
at the Huntington avenue grounds
between the Bostons and Athletics,
the latter winning in the 24th.
On Sunday, Aug. 1, at Newberry,
Charlie Williams and Ernest Bouk
night, two young white men, were
struck and killed by the Columbia,
Newberry and Laurens passenger
train. Williams was killed instantly
while Bouknight lived only a short
while. They stepped off one track
to get out of the way of one train
only to step in front of another, which
was just turning a curve at high
KNOW IT WELL.
Familiar Features Well Known to
Hundreds of Sumter Citizens.
A familiar burden in every home,
The burden of a "bad back."
A lame, a weak or an aching back
Tells you of kidney ills.
Doan's Kidney Pills will cure you.
Here is Sumter testimony to prove
C. H. James, 17 Dingle, St., Sum?
ter, S. Ci says: "I can recommend
Doan's Kidney Pills as I have used
them with great benefit. 1 had kid?
ney trouble for some time. The kid?
ney secretions were highly colored,
confined a sediment and I could not
retain tiiem. I suffered from back?
aches and sharp pains in my loins,
could not rest well and in the morn?
ing my back was so lame and sore
that I could hardly dress myself. If
I straightened quickly, sharp, dart?
ing pains shot through my back. A
friend finally told me about Doan's
Kidney Pills and 1 procured a box at
China's .drug store. They helped me
in every way and I have noi bad any
inickaehe. since, the kidney secretions
are clear and I feel better than I have
in months. I consider Doan's Kid?
ney Pills to be an excellent remedy.''
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cenU. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name?Doan's?and
take no other. No. 6.
Insurance In All Lines.
My friends wanting either Flrv
or Live Stock or Plate Glass In?
surance, will please call on me as
I represent No. 1 Companies, in
both lines. Can insure your
Horses, Mules, and Cows, in the
American Live Stock Insurance
Co. by death from any cause.
W. A. BROWN,
Sumter, S. C.
L J. IW. K. DUNNE, *
Plans and Specifications for
all Classes of Buildings.
Personal attention given the
Supervision of all Work.
Law Range ephone 390,
Sumter, S. C.
THE TIME TO BUY
You want to own your home. Every good citizen does. If you do not al?
ready own your home, you can't get on the right road any too soon. The
present offers you exceptional opportunity to make a start. Bus?ness haa
been rather quiet the past two years, and there are a number of bargains
to be picked up here and there from parties who want to turn their prop?
erty into cash. I have a number of such propositions to offer you. If yoti
want to buy a home or lot It will pay you to see me.
CITY, FARM AND TIM?
BER PROPERTY HAN?
DLED. REAL ESTATE
26% N Main St.
Ra B. Belser,
REAL ESTATE ATTORNEY.
MONEY INVESTED IN
REAL ESTATE MORT?
GAGES. LET ME INVEST
YOUR IDLE MONEY AT
7 AND; 8 PER CENT.
Sumter, S. C.
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
-ANNUAL EXCURSION TO
W ashington, Norfolk, Wilmington
and to the Mountain and Seashore
Resorts of the Carolinas and
Exceedingly low rates are offered with liberal limit.
Tickets will be first class, good on all trains, limited to
return to and including September 2, 1909.
For rates, schedules and sleeping car reservations, see
your Ticket Agent or communicate with
W. J. CRAIG, T. O. WHITE,
Passenger Traffic Manager, General Passenger Agent
WILMINGTON, N. C.
You should Join the procession and take your account to
l?i FARMERS' BANK AND TRUST GOMPANY
the number of whose patrons is growing- each day, as is evidenc?
ed by an increase in its daily exhibit of from $413,967.61 on July
28th, 1908 to $525,167.91 on July 28th, 1909. This bank has both
the inclination and ability to take care of all desirable business.
The Prosperity of the
Depends very much on the ability of it.* Banks to loan all the
money that can be used to advantage by our merchants, our
factories and the farmers who do business here. Mone> de?
posited with us does not remain idle. Help the community
and at the same time yourself by depositing your money here.
When all the money a town is working, the people arc
usually all busy too.
= Bank of Sumter.
W- E receive every few days by cypress an assortment SJ
of Nunnaly's Fine Candies, in all size boxes. S.
n There is none better. SI
SI Telephone 283.
SSBERT'S DRUG STORE,
W. W. SIBERT.
8 S. Mein St. ?
Ring up No. 30?That's the Daily Item's Telephone r.umoer -
when you want to place an advertisement that will bring results. 4