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THE dUMTER WATCHMAN, Est***
CRsolidated Aug. 2.188
Cbf OcHatcbman anb ?Soutbrou
Published Wednesday ?ml Saturday
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PKRR1TT TO THE PLANTERS.
t of Mate Farmers' Union
Outlines His Potky.
The following address of President
A J A. PerPltt to the members of the
farmer*' organisations of South Caro
llna will be read with Interest by agri?
culturalists of the 8tate:
ln assuming the duties of president
of the farmers* organisation of South
Carolina. I feel profoundly the great
respOBSlb$1lty and opportunities that
lie out before me. I now become the
public servant of an organised body
of men looking to the full develop?
ment and betterment of every euter
I prtes and Interest that is In accord
with the principles t>f equity and Jus?
tice. To this end I Invoke the hearty
co-operation of every man In South
Carolina, but more especially do I
plead for the assistance of every man
of that distinguished and representa?
tive body of planters who, In conven?
tion assembled, did. on. July 30
thrust this responsibility upon me. j 1
fully sppreclate the honor, dutie; and
difficulties that must attend the ef?
forts of any one in educating and or?
ganising the planters of South Caro
. Una, so that they may know best how
Tto advance and protect their interests
I pteaC for sympathy and co-opern
*.lon from men ln other walks of life,
because agricultural prosperity means
progress and vitality to every ether
Use of business.
The machinery to fertilise, cultl
* vste and mark? t our products Is too
complex and expensive, and to insure
success to our various enterprise*,
must be simplified and reduced to a
snjatsnum of expense.
our organisation press home
L^esjh In the preamble
constitution, relying upon per?
sonal effort, regardless of ridicule,
harsh criticism or the lack of con
fldsncs reposed In our ability and In?
telligence by others, and the time i <
. at hand when our planters will be
f happy contented people, will hfl
that exponent of power and prosper?
ity which have always snd will ever
give life, energy snd purpose to the
callings snd professions of all men.
We know that it Is Impossible to
enlist the support snd sllegisnce of
^ Sil ihs planters, for this cannot be ac?
complished with any class or profes?
sion of men; but by carefully study?
ing our needs and weak points we
will soon exercise a power that will
stop the leaks chat have so long
' drained us of our Just earnings.
amounting to hundreds of thousands
rof dollars. This saved to the plant?
ers will bring s degree of content?
ment snd prosperity that the South
has not enjoyed for over hslf a cen?
1 desire to be In clone touch with
pfsvery local organisation In the 8tat?.
Hence I welcome suggestions snd In?
quiries fr?m every part of the State.
Of course, there are many questions
I cannot snswer?there are many of
our plans' that no sane business man
wosld dare divulge. There are many
f difficulties that we have yet to
plsn for thst we may overcome them,
and. by co-operation and continually
and persistently acquiring concrete
knowledge of our Inte? eats, we can
forge to the front a??. occupy that
rank in our rellctou*. social. Intellec
\ tual snd Anancial spheres that will
command that reapect snd cateem
which waa accorded our father* in
Let every county preeldent. as well
as others, aid me to get In touch with
willing, able and Influential workers
f. In their respective counties. The only
I way through which I hope to shake
off the ahacklea of ignorance, doubt
euepkion and f?ar Is by eoucert of
action by #-\.?. South Carolina who
desires permanent prosperity,
A. J. A. PKRRITT
Robert Rh hie. a white man about
IS yesra of age. waa run over and
killed by s train near pendleton ourlf
Friday mornln*. He la supposed to
ha\w been drunk.
?bed April, 1850.
'Be Just an
THE TARIFF BILL Iii.
PASSED SEN ATI*', AND WAS AP
PROVED BY PRESIDENT.
Taft Think* Bill Fulfill* Pledge?SayH
BUI Is Real Revision Downward.
Washington. Aug. 5.?The tariff has
been 'revised and the extraordinary
aession of congress has been brought
to a close. Both houses adjourned sine
die officially at 6 o'clock, tonight. The
actual adjournment was taken In the
house at 5:38 p. m. and In the senate
at 5:S8 p. m.
The closing hours of the session
were attended by scenes of a most
uninteresting character. The revision
had been according to the desires of
some, and with the hearty approval
of others and the last two days had
been consumed by members of the
senate In expressing their satisfac?
tion or dissatisfaction.
The conference report on the bill
was agreed to by the senate by a vote
of 47 to Hi The vote was taken at
2 p. RL and soon afterward the con?
current resolution making certain
changes in the leather schedule was
adopted by both houses.
Taft Opinion of rhe?Bill. /
Washington. Aug. 6.?President
Taft tonight gave out a statement in
full as follows:
"I have 8<gned the Payne tariff bill
because I believe It to be the result
of a alncere effort on the part of the
Republican party to make a down?
ward revision, and to comply with the
promises of the platform as they have
been generally undcratood, and as I
Interpreted them in the campaign be?
"The bill is not a perfect tariff bill,
or a complete compliance with the
promises made strictly interpreted,
but a fulfillment free from criticism
in respect to a subject matter invol?
ving many schedules and thousands
Of articles could not be Expected. It
suffice to say that excepl with regard
to whiskey, liquors and wines and in
regard to silks and as to some high
classes of cottons?all of which may
be treated as luxuries and proper sub?
jects of a revenue tariff?there have
been very few Increases in rates.
"There have been a great number
of real decreases in rates, and they
constitute a sufficient amount to jus?
tify the statement that this bill is a
substantial downward revision, and
reduction of excessive rates.
"Tftfal*1 nwW \J?e?7trtide. bill. It
ras irrfr mteflded to lie. The Repub?
lican party did not promise to make a
."It promised to make the rates
protective, but to reduce them When
they exceed the difference between
the cost of production abroad and
here, making allowance for the great?
er normal profit on active invest?
ments here, I believe that while this
exreaa has not been reduced In a
number of cases, in a great majority
the rates are such aa are necessary
to protect American Industries, but
are low enough. In case of abnormal
Increase of demand, and ralaing of
prices, tc permit the possibility of the
importation of the foreign article and
thuay to prevent excessive prices.
The power granted to the executive
under the maximum and minimum
clause may be exercised to secure the
removal of obstacles which have been
interposed by foreign governments in
the way of undue and upfalr discrim?
ination against American merchan?
dise and products.
?The Philippine tariff section I
have struggled to secure for 10 years
last past, and It gratifies me exceed?
ingly by my signature to give it the
effect of law. I am sure It will great?
ly increase the trade between the two
countries and it will do much to
build up the Philippines into a
"The administrative clauses of the
bill and the customs court are admir?
ably adapted to secure a more uni
torm and a more speedy final con?
"The authority to the president to
une agents to assist him in the appli?
cation of the maximum and mini?
mum section of the statute and to en?
able officials to administer the law,
gives a wide latitude for the acquisi?
tion, und^r circumstances favorable
11 its truth, of Information In respect
to the price and cost of production Of
k hhIs at borne nrnl abroad, which Will
throw much light on the Operation of
the p:e*M-nt tariff and be of primary
leaportanre us officially collected ?lata
lipon which future executive action
and executive recommendatlons may
'The corporation tax Is a Just and
e?pii? 11.;.' i>xcis?> measure, which it is
honed will nrodnee a sufficient
amount to prevent a deficit a;.d which
in. Mentally will secure valuable sta
d Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aim
TER. S. C WEDNEI
COLLI Kirs WEEKLY SUED.
William J. Con tiers Demands $10o,
ooo for Publishing of an Alleged
Llbolous Article?Paper Denies In?
tent to Injure.
Buffalo, X. Y.. Aug. 8.?Papers
will be filed here tomorrow with the
county clerk by atorneys for Wil?
liam J. Conners, chairman of the
Democratic State committee, in a suit
against the owners of Collier's Week?
ly for $100,000 damages because of
an article published ln the weekly
July 11, 1?08. The complaint con?
tains the entire article complained of,
in which, Mr. Conners alleges, he is
charged with various crimes, Includ?
ing assault, secret murder, riot and
John T. Fenlon, an attorney of
New York city, has filed an answer
for Collier's, in which he denies
there was any Intention to bring the
plaintiff into disgrace or that he has
The proprietors of Collier's admit
the publication of the article, but
they deny malice or that Mr. Conners
has been injured by the article, and
they say they have no information
sufficient to form a belief as to Mr.
Conners' standing for Integrity.
Former Deputy Attorney General
Chas. A. Dolson is bringing the action
for Mr. Conners.
Dunn's Weekly Report.
New York, Aug. 6.?R. VG. Dunn A
Co's. weekly review of tomorrow will
"Every important development of
the week confirms the revival of
trade, which set in even with the
tariff under discussion, and which
has no vital obstacle to oppose it now
that the tariff bill has become a
"A keener Interest Is manifested in
the inm and steel market each suc?
ceeding week. Buyers are operating
with greater freedom and producing
interest display more independence in
making commitments. Higher totals
of pig Iron are run and other evi?
dences of rapid expansion appear.
Xumerlous inquiries have been re?
ceived for orders running Into 1910.
I "Dry goods jobbing trade is ex?
panding and among large Western
distributers collections are ..?nacellent
and credit conditions sound.
"The primary cotton goods and
cotton yarn markets have been un?
settled by thy fluctuating values in
the *raw cotton market, following a
low condition report by the govern?
ment. The largest mills are fully
supplied with business.
"The market for hides and leather
is stll! unsettled owing to the new
tariff bill admitting hides free of duty.
Foreign hides have advanced 10 per
oerrt. or mete, and domestic hides
have declined less than 5 per cent.
THE CRETAN DISPUTE.
Tnrkbdi-Grecian Trouble Still Crltl
London August 18.?The stage re?
ported in the dispute between Turkey
and Greece over Crete Is causing anxi?
ety in the European capitals such
as always accompanies any diplomatic
differences In that quarter of Europe,
but as M. Iswolskl, the Russian for
eign minster, said in an interview a
Cowes last Tuesday that if there is
any awkward development ln the sit?
uation Europe will see that no mis?
chievous effect therefrom, there is no
idea that hospilitles will follow and
there is every reason to believe that
a satisfactory settlement will be ar?
From the latest reports It appears
that Turkey has not presented any?
thing ln the form of an ultimatum to
Greece, but has confined herself to
verbal protests, while the protecting
powers are making energetic repre?
sentations both to Constantinople and
Athens to secure an amicable ar?
rangement of the dispute. The four
powers insist that under no circum?
stances shall the Greece flag he hoist?
ed over any public building at Crete
end the foreign consults at Canea
have been Instructed to impress this
fact upon the Cretan authorities.
Darlington Citizen Dead.
Darlington, August 6.?Mr. John H.
Early, <?ne of the best known citi?
zens of Darlington, died at his home
here this afternoon. Mr. Karly was
born in Charleston about 60 years
SgO, but he had lived for many years
tri this eo mm unity.
tisties and Information concerning the
many corporations of the country,
gnd will constitute an important step
toward that degree of publicity and
regulation which the tendency in cor?
porate enterprise In the last 20 years
has shown to be necessary."
ist at be thy Country's, Thy God's an?
3D AY. AUGUST 11.
JORDAN ENTERS PROTEST.
PRESIDENT HAHVIE JORDAN
THIHNKS WILSON IS MIS?
Says That Report Published in New
York World i? Misleading?Used to
"Bull" the Cotton Market?Cotton
Conditions Lower Than 78 Per
Atlanta. Ga? Aug. 7.?President
Harvie Jordan, of the Southern Cot?
ton Association, enters formal pro?
test against a recent interview with
Secretary of Agriculture James Wil?
son, which appeared in the New York
World, and which that paper claimed
to have just had with the Secretary
on crop prospects for the present
year. The exact language reported
to have been used by Secretary Wil
son is as follows:
"The crops will be good every?
where. There will be a superfluity of
work for everybody on the farms
more work than the farmers can find
hands to do. The corn crop bids fair
to surpass any other crop in y the
history of the country. The cotton
crop will be reasonably good and the
balance of the crops above the aver?
age all along the line.
"Prosperity is not going to wait on
the tarff or anything else. If any
disturbance arises in the body politic
It will have to come from somewhere
else than the agricultural districts. It
is not coming from the farm."
The monthly condition report was
due to come out at noon on August
2d, just one day after the publication
of the above stated interview with
Secretary Wilson. Says Mr. Jordan.
"I realized that the interview would
be 'bearlshly' construed by the en
tre cotton trade if not corrected at
once, and I immediately wired Secre?
tary Wilson the following telegram*
"I notice an interview attributed to
you in the New York World of Aug?
ust 1st In which you state the follow?
ing: "The cotton crop will be rea?
sonably good." Are you correctly
quoted? Is not an immediate denial
of this interview in order? Other?
wise incalculable injury will be done
the cotton growers of the South by
speculative interests which will con?
strue your forecast a normal produc?
tion of tvtton. All private reports is?
sued to date indicate a considerate
deterioration of the cotton crop con?
dition from the last month's condi?
tion ^report of the Bureau of-Statv-;
tics. The Journal of Commerce con?
dition report, published this morning,
shows an actual deterioration during
the past month of three and seven
tenths per cent., making present con?
dition seventy-three and one-tenth,
which is the lowest condition ever
rported by them.
"My own opinion is that the pres?
ent condition of the cotton crop is
the poorest within my recollection
and that any authoritative statement
from you at this time, that "the co
ton crop will be reasonably good" is
not only a wrong statement of actual
facts, but will be used to the great
injury of the constituency I repre?
sent In the South.
"My apprehensions regarding the
effect of Secretary Wilson's statement
regarding the cotton crop have been
fully verified in the depression of the
cotton market this week of $3.50 per
bale.^or practically $40,000.000 in the
value of the crop. It Is well known
that the bureau report which was is?
sued the next day after Secretary
Wilson'^ alleged Interview in the
World Indicates the lowest cotton
condition for August ever made by
the Bureau of Cotton Statistics and
that the correctness of the Bureau
report was emphasized by every pri?
vate report issued the last week in
The cotton trade has evidently
placed more w'eight and value on the
statement of Secretary Wilson as in?
dicating a normal production of cot?
ton this year, than it has on the
extremely low condition reports is?
sued by the Bureau of Statistics last
Monday. There can be no other log?
ical explanation of the recent ham?
mering of the cotton market by ope?
rators on the cotton exchanges. It is
to be hoped that Secretary Wilson
will not longer delay remedying the
very serious mistake which he has
made. Sentiment in favor of abol?
ishing or making drastic changes In
the Department Of Agriculture re
ItardiuK the publication of the Bu
reau Reports has for some time beer,
developing, and if the head of the
department of sensational interviews
is to nullify the effect of the Bureau
Reporte, the sooner the work of the
Department Is regulated by Congreae
the better for the agricultural Inter?
ests of the whole country."
The social climber believes that
fill's well that ends swell.
IS HUMAN A p^yf
HE IS CRITICISED x FOR HIS
ALOOFNESS IN TARIFF FIVE.
Senior Senator Was Badly Needed by
the Democrats Who Fought for
Free Cotton Bagging?Smith Has
Much to Learn, But Has Done Well
for a Greenhorn?What South Car?
olina's Representative*) in the
House Have hone
Washington, Aug. 8.?Now that the
extra session of Congress has come
to an end and one can tell how it
was all done, it is interesting to see
what part the members of the South
Carolina delegation have taken in the
great tariff fight, now gone into his?
Beginning with the Senate, it is
only fair to say that Senator Tillman
failed to add the weight to the dis?
cussion in the tariff that his Demo?
cratic colleagues expecced. Senator
Tillman quit the Senate six weeks
ago and went West, the public not
knowing exactly where or for what
real purpose, though it has been said
that he was lecturing. However that
may be, it is a fact that he quit the
Senate, when, by remaining he could
have done much towards placing cot?
ton bagging on the free list. But that
is all over now.
A comparison of Senator Tillman's
work during the extra session with
other Democratic Senators does not
make a very favorable showing, so
far as the public can see.
Senator Smith did well for a new
member. He is young, active and
enthusiastic, and in time will un?
doubtedly develop into a strong man,
though as yet there are many points
in the legislative game he must learn.
When Senator Aldrich tells you, for
instance, that cotton bagging is go?
ing on the free list and it does not,
don't be surprised, make a mark on
the wall and remember it.
Senator Smith, however, has done
sonte good work outside the Senate
chamber, and all in all, has accom?
plished a good deal for his people
during the limited time he has been
In the House there has not been a
Treat deal for the members of the
delegation to do?all of them beinc?
rocks ribbed Democrats?but to watch
the ponderous Payne-Cannon ma?
chine slowly but surely do its work.
So far as the tariff is concerned,
Jlepiesentatives Finley, Alken ane
Patterson have already given theti
Aiews through the News and Courier
Mr. Lever prefers to say nothing at
this time, as Is the case with Mr. El
lerbe, Mr. Johnsor will probably tel
the people later on what his view?
To Mr. Finley much praise should
be given for getting Mr. Patterson or
the census committee and Mr. Le
gare on foreign affairs, because he is
the man who mace Speaker Cannoi
do it. Both these assignments an
good "bnes, so it is up to the peoph
of the 1st and 2d districts to vot(
Mr. Finley their thanks.
The other comm ttee places giver
the members of the South Carolina
delegation will doubtless keep their
busy during the long session of Con?
gress, commencing in December, and
in closing the account of the work
of the present session It is only fair
to say that the South Carolinians
have not loafed on their jobs,
Though three have been on the sick
list?Legare, Ellerb? and Johnson?
the members of the delegation have
done well, and thus their record in
the extra session ends.?P. H. McG
in News and Courier.
WILL ISSUE NO BONDS.
Washington. Aug. 7.?The Secre?
tary of the Treasury has announced
his intention of issuing no Panama
bonds under the recent authorization
of Congress, which delegated to htm
authority to Issue bonds to the
amount of $375,000.000 to pay for the
canal. The Secretary is a business
man. He does not believe in borrow?
ing money when it can be avoided by
economy, and he does not like long
term notes. He had decided, there?
fore) if compelled to borrow at all. to
do so on Treasury certificates which
are payable within o:ie year.
Postmaster Floyd of Spartanhurg.
has received a letter from W. H.
Meyer, the warden of the United
States prison at Atlanta, telling of the
escape of LI go Pindley, alias Cun?
ningham, who was serving a three
>ear term In the prison for counter
felting. The letter was accompanied
by a Circular giving a full description
of Flndley with the request that the
circular be posted in the pos to thee
building. A reward of $60 is offered
for the arrest of Flndley.
ff CTHRON, Established June, 18#*
/ *_ _
ies?Vol XXIX. Mo 49
I LIQUOR DROUGHT IN ALABAMA.
Passangc of Carmichael Bill Has In*
staut and Striking Effect.
Montgomery, Ala., August 6.?The
Carmichael prohibition bill?far more
drastic than the present statutory
State-wide prohibition law?which
passed the senate this afternoon by a
vote of 28 to 2, and which now awaits
only the signature of Alabama's pro?
hibition executive to be the law, has
already scored a far-reaching effect,
so far as the operation of locker
clubs and near-beer saloons are con?
cerned. From all parte of the State
come reports that with the news of
the passage of the Carmichael bill
near-beer saloons and clubs, wherein
liquors have been dispensed to mem?
bers under the locker system, were
dismantled and tonight the State is
almost as dry as it will ever be.
In Montgomery even social clubs of
the highest class have been closed,
and early ln the afternoon the near
beer men began the removal of all
drinkables from their places. With
considerable weariness, a few of the
saloons are disposing of occasional
bottles of the amber fluid of the
"near" kind, but even those of the
quenchless* thirst are extremely cau?
tious in attempting to secure drink?
Governor Comer will probably not
sign the Carmichael bill until Monday
afternoon. Both houses adjourned,
today until Monday.
The Negro Workman and the White;
It is useless to deny, however, that*
race antipathy did play its part in the
Georgia strike, and it is hardly worth
while to shut our eyes to the fact that
it will probably figure in many indus?
trial difflciltie8 in the future, unless
human nature changes radically. It
is very important, therefore, for the
South to know the truth about the
effect of the negro's presence and in?
dustry upon the white man's prosper?
ity. That thje negro, as he has lived
heretofore, has been a tremendous In*
uustrial handicap to the South, re
rightly-informed man, we believe,,
will deny. Ignorant labor is a curse
to any ccmmunity, and the negro's
low standard of living has lowered
the income s of the white laborer who
has ba6 to compete with him, and
the reduced incomes of both has in?
juriously iffected every professional
and busine ss man in the South. To
increase the intelligence, the earning
power, of any man will help the com?
munity, ard to train the negro to
greater sk 11 and efficiency will help
the South. A trained, efficient negro
; will not, of couise, help the commu?
nity so mich as a trained, efnciejrcv
white man of even the same degree
of intelligence, because we have a
dual civilisation in the South, and;
the negro* j income goes largely to
I support and benefit the negro's half
i of that dual civilization?and in
i creasingly so, perhaps. Ae negro
. wealth increases, negroes will Pefcir.1
> to patronise their own stores, bankTK.
factories, etc., ati well as their own
schools and churches. Still the negrq
who is tngined to do good work i? go?
ing to help the community far more
than the negro who is idle or who Is
too ignorant to earn more than half
what he should.
SOUTHBOUND CONTRACT LET.
New Spur From Winston-Salem to
Wadesboro Will Soon be Reality.
Florence, August 6.?The contract
for the cons.ruction of the new Win
ston-Salem Southbound railroad from
Winston-Sale m to Wadesboro, was let
to various parties at Winston-Salem
yesterday, but the successful bidders
names could not be ascertained.
The bide Cor the regrading and?
building of the line from Wadesboro
to Cheraw, a distance of 40 miles, and?
that part of the road between Cheraw
and Florence that is to be regraded
and built, w 11 be let by Mr. J. R.
Kenley. third vice president of the
Atlantic Coast Line, at Wilmington,
N. C, on August 16.
In naming the committee assign?
ment* for the BlXty-flrst congress
Rp >aker Cannon has improved the
standing of ti e South Carolina dele
gatlon. He promoted Representative
Legare from tie committee on indus?
trial r.rts and expositions to foreign
affairs. Mr. Patterson goes to the
census committee and gives up irri?
gation and < anals. Representative
Alken c hanges his assignment on the
pension committee to expenditures in
the p( stofflce < epartment. The other
members of tne delegation receive
their old assigr ments.
The meeting of the Bt its estacsv*
tlon campaign committee in Greeu
vllle County Thursday was a big euc