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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 11, 1909, Image 4',
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WEONCSOAY, AUGUST II, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed in 1160 and the True Southron In
tiff. The Watchman and Southron
low has the combined circulation and
lencs of both of the old paper*,
Is manifestly ths best advertising
lam la Sumter.
KIRNT WPUCK OF "PROHIBI?
"The .State countable* in Charles?
ton weise* on .Saturday 1.276 bottles
of beer sad 6 bones of loose beer, snd
It quart and 66 half-pint bottles of
-Whiskey. That was a pretty fair
days work, tsurlng the last week
ths Mate constables captured 6,400
softies of beer. 66 gallons of whis?
ker and 160 gallons of keg beer. We
do not have the figures of what the
SI men especially detailed from the
City police feres accomplished last
week; but ws Judge from the very
"bad start they msde on ths first two
<lays of "prohibition" that they did
not earn their salt
"la ths meantime, it would be In?
teresting to know what ths County
Sheriff and ths deputies havs been
doing to make prohibition prohibit.
"What is ths use of fooling about
It any longer? If wc are going to
1st the blind tigers run the town, lets
say so and suite trying to make our?
selves believe thst ws sre "in control
of the "situation.* "?Nswa and
This i? straight talk and ths sort
w* like to hear Coming from the
Nst.s and Courier It leads us to hope
mad believe that ths nils of the
bilad tigers In Charleston is not to be
a perpetual condition in that city. It
w scarcely to be believed that the
decent people of the city will submit
,to forever endure existing conditions.
A neuester Worn the Army.
Miss Rateila Smoak. who has 'for
several years been ths editor and
publisher of the Branch vi He Journal
was married recently to Mr. O. B.
Hern dos Stis has been a regular at?
tendant at the meetings of the Press
Association and is pleasantly remem?
bered by alt ths brethren.
Col. Bacon, of the Bdaefield Chron?
icle refers te ths marriage of Mies
8moak in his characteristic style as
According te the laws of all na
ttons. ? deserter from the army,
oaught and ths fact proved, is at once
to death. Therefore, stand up.
?tla Smoak. Ists of that dear con?
trary, the Brsnchvllle Journal,
?und face the fatal volley. We know
that yes 'will meet It bravely, for you
"have done a far braver thing. You
~have got married' And you ought
not to hare dene it. And if you think
any of as ere ever going to call you
"Mrs. Q. B. Herndon" you ere very
muck mistaken We are going to call
yon nothing but "Bstslla Smoak. of
ths Brahchytlle Journal " And you
had no right?knowing ss yog did
that you arc were going to desert us
ae soon?to make us all sdmlre and
trust snd love you It was a mean
trick. And although we earnestly
pray for you all happiness and all
prosperity snd all good things, yet
at earnestly hspe that they will not
ae vouchsafed unto you.
F1RHT BALK IS SOLD.
wrtl Mas Reuest? Victory of
Bs-nwell. Aug. 7.?South Caroll
aa's first hale of If01 crop was sold
la Barnwell today to Molalr and Por?
ter by Mr R H. Luts. The bale
weighed 166 pounds snd grades good
Mr. b*6j sold to Molalr and Portei
le tret bale of cotton for 1608.
Th bale wa*? shipped to F. W. Wag
*r * ' 0 ('h?rtesten.
Flrnt Itala of New Cotton.
Montgomery, Ala. Aug. 7.?The
bale of new cotton here reaob
the Montgomery market today
rirarcvllle. Fla. It sold for K,
ts i peeed pad bssssM strict poad
I i PON ( HOP CONDITION'S.
l <>* In H'Mitli Carolina. Im
pn- ??:?#?> t In Some Other State*.
Raw orleins. La., Aug. 8.?The
T'a ii will tontarr .v. i \
In )t in ? of i otton crop oondb
In Arknt?.< n. ?i- oi Kla. IvMilslana.
rtsaWaiiipi 'o.i Taaneesse, improve
ant 11 bit! I hi rule.
Nor h Carolina as a whole siicv
> Import**^ (hange, but there hai
in a distinct lose in South Carolina,
la Texas pad Oklahoma there has
burn ^b H p drtrri ?igt- Mi and the -*lt
nation i erttfeal
There Is comptuint of ball w? ? I
In som i districts, bu( the damagt
mot be estimated at this time.
The grep t-? ver> spotted and Is
atnrfctrly subject to unfavorable PPsV
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
Some Random Thoughts.
"Saving the Entire Corn Crop" Is
reproduce, not because I endorse that
method of harvesting corn, but large?
ly for the sentence of co-operation,
which I have asked the printer to
pit In large type. If we cannot trust
our neighbors enough to buy and
own a manure spreader, or a grain
drill, or a harvester, or a shredder,
together;. Implements that could do
all the work of their kind for from
two to half doxen farmers, according
to sir.e of farms and distance apart,
does any reasonable or thinking man
believe that thousands of farmers
scattered over entire counties and
States will trust each other sufficient?
ly to make effective any resolutions
that a handful of delegates may see
fit to adopt? No. Emphatically, No.
For this reason I have combatted the
Idea "In season and out of season."
and contend for neighborly co-opt?
ing and caring for It pretty nearly
equals it again, it is easy to see that
this is an unprofitable and wasteful
way of handling the com crop.
Too many farmers make the same
fundamental mistake here as in a
great many other farm operations?
they neglect to take Into account the
time and labor expended on a given
piece of work in counting up the
profits they get from it. Fodder
pulling belongs with such outgrown
practices as cutting grass with the
scythe or grain with the cradle, as
planting corn by hand and covering
with the hoe, as using one horse to a
turn plow. Worse still, while these
things may mean only a loss of time
and tabor, fodder pulling means an
actually decreased yield of corn.
Some folks may question this; but
their doubts will amount to little
against the positive evidence secured
from every careful experimnt made
ration, and Individual education as ?long this line. If no more roughage
the foundation of all success, and were obtained by cutting up the corn
without which all these big schemes and curing In shocks, it would still
will come to naught. Pfty to do It But there will be more
feed secured in any case; and the
Notice, Notice! J farmer who raises corn to any ex-'
tent can well afford to provide some
The County Organizer will visit means for cutting or shredding his
Dalsell on Thursday, Auguat 12th. at corn stover.
10 ?. m., Rembert at 7.30, Plsgah The c?rn shredder is a much-need
Friday morning, 9 a. m., Hagood at ed implement in the South, the corn
3 p. m., to Ulk Unionism to all who harvester is another. *Whhe most
are Interested, with the expectation farmers could not afford to buy
of reorganising the Dalsen and Rem- either of these machines for their in
bert Unllns. and new ones at Plsgah dividual use. in almost every nelgh
and Hagood. Borden can be in- borhood there are several farmers
eluded at 3 p. m.. Thursday, if Inter- who c?uld acord to *<> in together
ited friends will get up a meeting and Purchase them. Local co-opera
and take him from Dalzell and on to tlon *??ng euch lines would solve
Rembert. Other points In the coun- ot the problems which now
ty. Wedgefleld, Manchester. Bethel, perplex those farmers who are ham
Tlndal. Brogdon. Shlloh and Taylor WrtA in their work by lack of eap|.
or any other neighborhood will be +M and untU the farmers learn to co
arranged for when those interested operate in such things as this?things
of direct personal Interest which In?
volve not more than a half dozen
persons?it Is scarcely reasonable to
expect them to work steadily and
Union Notes and Comment. | ???"?onlously together in cases where
The meeting of the County Union nK>r* difficult problems are presented
Indicate a desire to organize.
E. W. Dabbs,
at Cane Savannah demonstrated be?
yond the shadow of a doubt that the
leaven of education, self-help and
neighborly co-operation is at work in
Sumter county and our sister coun?
ties of Lee and Clarendon
and where the co-operation of thou?
sands must be secured. One must
learn first to co-operate with one's
In any case, whether he can use
improved machinery in caring for his
crop or whether he must depend on
The County Union instructed the nand work and h,s own resources, no
president to arrange for a rally and farmer can afford to *? into his corn
fields this fall and waste labor and
feed?for tnat is just what he is do?
ing?by "topping" or "blading" his
corn. Having raised the corn crop,
and In most cases getting little
enough off of each acre at the best
it should be every man's effort to get
basket picnic at Mayesvllle during
the third week of August, next week.
Just as soon as 1 can hear from Prof.
Goodrich, of the United States soli
and farm management bureau of the
Department of Agriculture, will pub?
lish the day. Everyone at Mayesvllle
and vicinity, to whom the subject has Just as mucn as Possible out of it ano
been mentioned, heartily agree to to secure ^st as great returns as pos
Join In and make the meeting worthy slble from tne money and labor in
of the advanced farming of this pro- Vttttd In it. Until one can estimate
gresslve section. Everyone in easy the8e tnlngs with some certainty, and
reach will help provide, and friends tnen act accordingly, he is not farm
from a distance will be heartily wel
corned. It is probable that one or
two other prominent speakers will
be there. But should only Prof.
QsjOdfluh come, his charts and dem?
onstrated facts that Illustrate his
lecture will make It a profitable day
to every farmer who doesn't already
" know it all." E. W. I>.
ing on a business basis.?Progressive
saving All the Corn an a Guide PCMM
It "fjgffj More a Year running."
Raving is harder than making, ac
l'ling to the nld saw, end OUT wast< -
f>ii practice s would often; stem t<?
In ilry Iiis statement. \t any rate?
savtM Is of so.ua 1 Importance with
making it' one Is evei to gel ahead,
Out cannot afford to ko t?> the trou?
ble of raising i good crop <?r corn, for
i implo, end then allow from one
third to tWO"flfthl of it to go uriutil
|ged, Yet. Una is .lust wii.it occurs
when tin- t orn is "foddered" and only
the bladee, or tin- lops end blades,
ed for reed. To be sure, there I i
large pan of the stalks thai will not
lie taten bj the stock unless ii is run
through ? outlet of ? shredder, but
the damage done lo the yet un
matured grain by foddering ordlnarl?l
?quads the full value of the fodder I clubs as well as locker
secured, und since the labor of pull- \ soft drink establishments.
How Wo Waste One-Third of Our
When B mature crop of corn is put
In the silo about half, and when it i>
cut at the ground and cured in
?hOCkS, about 40 per cent, of the
feeding value Is In tie- stalks, leaves
Those wie? "pull fodder" pay twice
for the feed they net --once In the
labor of pulling an i ??nee in the de?
creased yield of corn.
The whole corn crop can be saved
by putiing it into a silo, and from 80
t- 18 per cent of it by cutting, curing
In shocks and shredding.
The best time to cut corn, If the
who!,- crop is t'? be saved, Is just
when tie- ears are well glased and the
shucks and middle leaves are begin?
ning t<> turn brown.
Until we iaise all the bay we nee i
for our stock, and have all the stock
and all the manure we need, it will
pay us t<> save the whole of the corn
The drastic prohibition law pass*
b) the Alabama legislature has pat
? ?lit of business all purely social
Tills Month's Work in the Garden.
At this writing (July 24th) our
market here is well supplied with last
year's sweet potatoes, because our
large growers have all provided them?
selves with curing houses in which
the potatoes are dried off in the fall
at a high temperature. They then
keep easily. But in the South the
new crop will now be coming in,
though the varieties usually grown
there are not so early as those grown
for the Northern markets. Growers
on the eastern shore of Virginia are
always putting sweet potatoes on the
market before any are offered in
North Carolina bcause they grow an
But it would pay well in the local
market all over the South to grow the
Hayman potato to be sold half-grown
in summer. This potato, like th*
pink Peabody, is not liked in the
South when mature, but it is early
and a fine keeper, and people do not
expect the finest quality in early dig?
ging. I have seep half-grown Pea
body's selling very well on the Ra?
leigh market, simply because there
were no others to get, while after the
orop has matured, no one wants a
Peabody. But the wise grower can
make money with these half grown.
In the home garden the last plant?
ing of sweet corn can be made the
first of the mJonth, and succession
crops of snap beans can be planted
till the last of the month. Do nottet
any land in the garden He idle and
grow up in weeds to raise cutworms
for next spring. If yotr have not
sown salsify or parsnips, 1 / some the
first of the month, ^ T 1 two fine
vegetables to your w. . _.? suply.
You can also sow the Half Long
Danvers carrot any time this month,
and can have these to pall all winter
for soups, etc., and if you plant a
quantity of them, your horse will ap?
preciate a mess now and then in
Bum a seed bed down near water
and sow seed of the Premium Late
Flat Dutch cabbage, and see that the
young plants never suffer for lack of
water. Then, getting sVong plants
by the first of September, you can
set them on rich and heavily manur?
ed soil and make fine heads by early
December. You cannot make land
too rich for cabbages.
Some are in the habit of mowing
off the tops of asparagus, but this
should never be done till the tops
are mature and dead. In my garden
I have a corner where I stack all the
leaves from the lawn in the fall and
all the vegetable tops and refuse from
the garden with a little lime sprink?
led through the heap. The next sum?
mer this rotted stuff makes a fine
mulch to be put between the toma?
toes and squashes after cultivation
ceases, and it retains the moisture
well. A good part of it is spread and
turned under in the spring to add hu?
mus to the soil.
Rutabaga turnips and the Long
White French should be sown early
in this month. Some Strap Leaf tur?
nips can also be sown for fall use, but
succession sowings should be made
till middle of September for winter
use and spring greens. The Ruta?
bagas and Long White French
should always be sown in rows and
not broadcast. In thinlng these, the
young plants thinned out can be
transplanted to other rows and do
about as well as though left where
they started from seed.
Some of the Rose-Colored Chinese
Winter radishes can be sown this
month for fall use, but the sowing
for winter should be deferred till
It is better to get small celery
plants from the Northern dealers
early in the month and plant them
In a bed where they can be partly
shaded, setting them In close row?
six or eight inches apart and two or
three inches in the rows. See that
they do not suffer for water, and If
the tops grow tall, shear them off
-lightly. Then you will have strong
plants to set early in September, and
I will then tell how I do it. The
small plants can be bought for about
11.60 per thousand and it is better
to get them than to try to grow them
from seed In the hot weather in the
South. The ground should be well
manured and prepared for the Sep?
tember setting some time before.
The self-blanching celery can be
set any time this month in rows fifteen
Inches apart each way and cultivated
by hand, and as the plants develop,
wrap heavy brown paper around each
and hold it with a'.rubber Bnapper,
leaving only the tops exposed, [twill
blanch prettily In the early fall, bul
v. ill never I e of as good quality a?
that blanched In eurth In late fall and
Cuttings of swwet potato vines can
be sei now to mow seed potatoes for
bedding, stake the cuttings about u
yard long and coll them around the
hand and plant the whole coll, leav
Ing only the tip exposed. Every Join!
will make a bunch of little potatoes
that are far better for bedding than
the little ones picked from the general
crop, and they keep better, too. *
We have been getting tomatoes since
June. My plants are sei two feel
apart in the row and trained to a
single stem tied to stakes, and all side
shoots pinched out. My plants are
now over six feet tall, and I have not
seen a rotten or a wormy tomato
yet. This is a good plan for a small
garden hut takes close attention. Our
growers here in Maryland who plant
fields of twenty acre*? or more, let
them tumble on the ground. This is
all right where land is plentiful, but
and is now higher than usual. The
rains at seed harvest time here dam?
aged the crop of seed badly, and the
crop in Delaware is smaller than ever
while the hay crop was line.
Keep the cultivators ;n>r shallow*
ly through the corn is long as you
<an get through. I passed a field yes
in the garden it pays to train to single J larday, where a farmer had failed to
stems. I keep his corn clean by rapidly going
Blood Turnip beets sown now will 1 through with harrow and weeder
make fine roots for winter use. De
wing's Blood Turnip beet is as good
as any. Eclipse is earlier.
Lettuce for fall setting should be
sown early in the month. The Big
Boston is generally preferred by
truckers. Rawson's Hot-House let?
tuce can be set closer in the frames,
and I pref?r it to the Big Boston. Let?
tuce, like cabbage, wants fat soil.?
Prof. If assay in Progressive Farmer.
Farm Work for August.
Lei the peas grow till the pods turn
yellow, and then there is no hay more
easy to cure well than cowpeas, not?
withstanding all the talk about the
difficulty in curing them. They will
cure If you just let them, and do not
go to monkeying with all sorts of
contrivances to spoil them.
when the weeds were just germinat?
ing, and he had a couple of plcws
running to cover up the grass, and
was tearing the roots and piling up
the soil to dry out, and will lose corn
enough to.^ more than have paid for
beter early cltuivation. Then that
same man will go through and strip
the blades and cut the tops while the
corn is still green, and will again lose
corn enoupgh to pay for all the fOdiefl
der he gets, and wiil have his labor
thrown away. The early corn will
mature this month, and should be cut
when the ears are well glazed and
dented, and cured In shocks. Some
think that it does not pay to shred
stover, but there are many advan>
tages in the practice. You can stack
it outside safely, more of it will be
eaten, and what is left wMl make a
j good absorbent in the manure, and
I had a letter today from a farmer I there will be no long stalks in it to
who said that he would not have barn
room for his pea crop and wanted to
know if they would keep well stack?
ed. He really answered his own ques?
tion, as he said that a neighbor had
stack some when well wilted and
limp, and they heated and Steamed.
But to hla surprise, he found that
they cured perfectly. If he had open?
ed the stocks and trfed to cool them
off, he would, doubtless, have had
Mow the peas in the morning, and,
if possible, put a tedder behind the
mower to keep them tossed up and
I hasten the wilting. Rake the morn?
ing mowing into windrows that after?
noon. Turn them the next morning
> and lie till afternoon while cutting
I more. Cock them that afternoon, and
i when the hay In the codes can be tak?
en and twisted hard, and no sap runs
to the twist, haul them in. If to go
into stacks, make the stacks well, and
rake down the sides, but cover the
tops of the stacks wfth straw or dry
hay. This hay will cure, even if '.he
stacks heat. Put some rails under the
stacks to keep the hay off the ground
and prevent its absorbing moisture
from the ground, and you have a
good as in the barn.
If the pea stubble is to be sown to
wheat or oats, do not replow it, for
late plowing is bad for winter grain
but simply disk It shallowly, going
over and over both ways to get th
surface fine, for the finer yoo make
It, the better the chance for the crop
On red land apply to the grain only
a liberal amount of acid phosphate
but on gray land add some muriate
of potash. The pea roots will glv
you t the nitrogen needed by the
small grain crop.
Sow oats in early September, but
keep the land harrowed for wheat till
there has been a light white frost be?
fore sowing, for early sown wheat Is
liable to be attacked by the Hessian
If you intend to sow crimson clover
after the peas, run a harrow lightly
over the stubble to slightly freshen
the ground, and sow fifteen pounds of
seed per acre the last of this month
or early September. If the land is
dry and level, it will be well to roll
after sowing. But I would not roll
land that is steep and liable to wash,
for the roller will inevitably leave
some loose places into which the wa?
ter will run and start gullies.
You can sow crimson clover late
this month among the corn, among
watermelons or cantloupes and get a
good stand without any preparation,
as the crops will shade the young
plants. If you have seed of your own,
and there is no clover huller to clean
them, you can thresh them out and
sow in the rough, but sow forty
pounds instead of fifteen of clean
seed. The hulls will retain moisture
and often a better stand can be had
from sowing in the rough.
Get the clover seed as soon as pos?
sible, for the crop is small this year
break pitchforks and cause cuss
I once saw shreded stover baledV
and selling for $12 a ton in Raleigh.
If a man can get that price for It, he
had better sell it and put the money
Some here find it profitable to sow
turnip seed mixed with the crimson *
clover seed on good land. They mix
twelve pounds of crimson clover seed
and two pounds of turnip seed for an
acre. The turnips help shade the
young clover and are pulled out as
they get large enough. *
Another plan here is to sow buck?
wheat and crimson clover, sowing the
buckwheat first and then scattering
the clover seed. They get a good
crop of buckwheat and the clover
docs very well In this way. I saw
one field yeterday being sow a fn this
way (July 23rd). In North Carolina, -
east of the mountains, buckwheat can j
be sown in early August, but fs hard?
ly a crop for sowing further South.
How to Get Rid of Galls and Gullies.
Whenever we see a galled spot or
a gully, bare of vegetation, we can'ta
help wondering how any land-owner
can get his consent to permit the con?
tinuance of such conditions. The
longer they exist *he worse they be?
come. Why sho dd any farmer per?
mit himself o be thus robbed of his
"stock fn trade," his capital, htsd
farm? Furthermore, the time lost'
through the necessity of more fre?
quent turns, or In working over or
around them, rightly employed, would
prevent their existence or restore
them to a useful condition after they
have been formed. We do not be-^
lieve in filling gullies with rails,
brush, or other materials which are
likely to be in the way later on. For
gullies or galled spots, the best rem?
edy is straw, coarse stable manure, or
some other material that will improve
their fertility. Follow this with some 4
growing crop. If a gully, plow dirt
into it, turn"" the excess of water in
another direction and sow peas; if
a galled spot, plow deeply and keep
something growing on it all the time.
We have seen gullies ten feet deep
filled and brought up to the most pro- _
ductive parts of the field in three or
four years by a liberal application of
straw, leaves, or coarse stable manure
and the sowing of cowpeas. It will
pay to fill them up for the crops they
will bring, and if the fields are to be
put in condition for the use of the
implements necessary for economical^
cultivation, these scarred and gullied
fields, so common in many parts of
the South, must be made to disap?
Does Mr. Tillman consider that his
picturesqueness is a quite sufficient
return to his constituents, without his
performing any unpleasant or Incon?
venient service? Has he become valu?
able "for ornamental purposes" only?
and the price will be sure to advance, The State.
Shingles, Laths, Acme Plaster, Fire Brick,
Drain and Sewer Pipe, Building Material i f
all Kinds, Cow, llo^ and Chicken Feed,
Hay, Grain, Horses Mules,
Buggies, Wagons and Harness. Wholesale
and Retail. :: :: :: :: ?; ::
MI'Uy Live Stock Co.,
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
SUMTER, S C.