Newspaper Page Text
not MTMTKlt WATCHMAN, EttaMI
Consolidated Aug. 2.188
Cbt Ovhttto anii Soutbron.
Published Wednesday and Saturday
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IEMHN IAS BEEN UPWAHD
^1 , ?' _ _ i
MR LlTVaTR SHOWS DUTIES AHE
HlftHKR UNDER PAYNE HILL
Dataas Are Almost Prohibitive In?
der Maximum Provision?Crodit
Doe Demorrsu* Tor Reduction?No
Hope for Real Revision by Rcpttb
Lexington. Aug. 10.?Congressman
Lever was seen by the News and
Courier correspondent today and ask?
ed for his views on the work of the
extra session of Congress, which
came to a close last Thursday. Mr.
Lever said: .
"We have spent the session revis?
ing the tariff/ but it was not such a
revision as was promised by the par?
ty In power or expected by the coun?
try. The idea that there has been a
revision downward in the Interest of
the consumer is out of keeping with
the facti. The truth Is the revision
has ben upward 171 per cent, and
valorem over the Dlngley Act, which
this Act supersedes. Whatever re?
vision downward there has been Is on
articles of little general consumption,
and hence does not give to the con?
suming psjbtk the relief claimed by
the Republican party and leaders. It
must not be forgotten, and this is
the only test, that the average ad
valorem rate of the Dlngley law was
44.lt per cent, ad valorem, while the
average of the Payne-Aldrlch-Taft
bill Is 45 87 per cent, ad valorem, or.
as I have said, a difference upwsrd
aVW pea mgUtsV.HllQrem. until the
91st of March. 1910. when the max?
imum provision of the bill, added by
the Aldrlch crowd In the Senate, be-'|
comes effective and then the rates of
the Payne-Aldrlch bill become auto?
matically 70.87 per cent, ad valorem.
it an Im-reaae of about 27 per cent,
ad valorem ovtr the old Dlngley Act.
This Is what the Republican press
calls revision downward. It does not
take much of a mathematician to see
that It Is revision upward with a ven
"You have aaked what I mean by
the maximum provision.' The law
provides thst on and after the Slst
of March. 1910. there shall be added
to the regular tariff rates, carried on
the dutiable list. 25 per cent ad va?
lorem. You understand that this ad
valorem means 28 per cent, of the
value of the arycle imported. For
example, if the regular rate on ff im?
ported aftlsJati waa one dollar per ton.
then after the Slst of March next
there would he added to this rate
II per cent, ad valorem, or if the
value of the ton In question were $10.
25 par cent, of $10. or $2.50, would
be added,. making the total duty,
which comes out of the consumer,
$9.50. This provision was Inserted In
the Senate and differs quite essen?
tially from the House proposition. It
is true that th< President has a right
under this section of the bill, to re?
move the duties imposed by it when
he |s affirmatively convinced of cer
tsln things which are not likely ever
to exist during the life of the AOl
I'nder this provision we have |m
poacd upon the President the duty of
collecting 25 per cent, ad valorem nd
d'tloniil to the regular rates, and giv?
en him at the same time the right to
remove the 2f? per cent, ad vah i - m
In the happening of certain event*
We have delegated to him legislative
power which he may or may not u.>e
Is his discretion, and those of us fa?
miliar with th- tremendous influen ?
and insidious power -f those who are
clamoring for higher protective rates
sre Justified In our fears that the
President may not be able to shake
hlms?'lf loose from tho*.. Influen
which not only contributed so latfjslj
to his own election, hut which ire lb??
very foundation rocks upon S/blob
have rested and must rest the suc?
cess of the party of which he la the
What ??Joker*" Are.
"The progress of this Act through
the two houses has been marked with
effort after effort to write Into it I
ished April, 1850.
'Be Just an
provisions words which oi their
faces s'em to menu one thing, while |
as a matter of fact they carry a very
different meaning. These are so-call?
ed "Jokers," of which so much has
been said in the press. It will be re?
membered that when the Dingley law
was passed, It was thought that oil
was on the free list, when in fact the
Act carried a prohibitive duty on oil,
known as a countervailing duty, and
which was discovered only about two
years ago, which gave to the Stand?
ard Oil Company an absolute monop?
oly of the oil business at the expense
of the American consumer. Similar
efforts, as I have said, were made
during the progress of this last Tariff
Act.' A number of Jokers were dis?
covered, and it la not altogether sure
that there may not be more hidden
away in the hundreds of pages which
make up this Act. When the Payne
bill was Introduced In the House It
was heralded to the country that cof?
fee was on the free list, but it was
soon discovered that coffee was real
ly dutiable at the rate of eight cents
per pound. The exposure was made
in time to save to the people of the
country this tax upon their breakfast
"Then there was the fertilizer jok
or, which was discovered in time to
save to the people of the South two
millions annually upon their fertilizer
"There was the lumber joker, also
which sought to maintain the Ding
ley rate of $2 per thousand on un
dressed lumber, but this Joker was
exposed upon the floor of ^he House
through the vigilance of Its Demo
cratlc members, and as the bill was
finally sent to the Senate from the
House the Dingley rate was reduced
50 per cent., or $1 per thousand on
undressed lumber. In other word
the prohibitive feature of the Ding
ley rate was destroyed and a purely
revenue rate was substituted.
Boots and Shoes.
"There was the leather joker. This
was heralded by the Republican press
es a great victory for the President,
who. It was said, in consideration of
the fact that hides should be put
upon the free list, agreed that the
tariff on boots and shoes would be re
duced 10 per cent, ad valorem and
on other leather articles to 20 per
cent, ad valorem, and It was not
known for several days that this re
suit* had rtm r>e*n accomplished. This
joker was exposed and the indigna
tlon at the New England shoe man
ufacturers In manipulating the
scheme was so great that the Aid
rieh-Cannon crowd, representing the
very worst there is in tariff legisla?
tion, were forced to put through a
concurrent resolution removing this
attempted fraud?a thing unprece?
dented in tariff legislation in this
What Taft Did.
"President Taft's friends and ad?
mirers claim a great victory for him
in forcing a downward revision. That
idea is ridiculous. If the President
had succeeded In getting reductions
In everything i| which he seemed in?
terested, the saving to the consumer
would have been practically nothing.
President Taft made his fight upon
the non-essentials of the bill and in
favor of free raw materials?the pro?
ducts primarily of the farm and
mines In the Interest of the Eastern
manufacturers. The President'*
whole attitude In this tariff fight has
been In the interest of the manufac?
turer. He was not heard to raise his
voice for any reduction on woolen
and cotton fabrics?the vital neces?
sities of every home in the land, for
everyone must wear clothing, either
woollen or cotton. The woollen
schedule remains the same as it was
under the Dingley law, and the rates
on cotton goods have been increased
from 10 to 113 per cent?the greater
increase being upon that class of
SOOdl which goes Into the most gen?
eral consumption and is used most
largely by the poorer classes of our
piople. No, thfs Is a New England
tariff law put through by New Eng?
land Representatives, backed by the
President of the United State? him?
self, or has himself deliberately at?
tempted to bunco the American peo?
ple. President Taft had it in his
power to give tin people i res] down?
ward revision. For WStks, while the
bill was pending In conference be?
tween the two bOtqses, he had the
key to the situation. He has pr?>
? i front friendship for the south,
but permitted s heavy taj upon tin'
bugging and ties of tin- South, and
St the samt time allowed Ires bind?
ing twine for the West. II? forced
reduction upon the producta oi the
t urns and the mine, and yet permit?
ted tin* old law to stand or allow, d
h.svy inereases upon the output of
the Bnsttm manufacturer, if this
law is a failure, it must be charged
to the present Administration. The
d Fear not?Ivel all the ends Thou Aiu
?TER. S. C. SaTUR
head o* the party, with the situation
in hand as he had it, could have
forced such consessions as he wish?
"It must be understood that the
Republican party is soley responsible
for this Act. The Democratic mem?
bers of the ways and means committee
of the House were not admitted to
the committee rooms during the con?
sideration of the bill nor were the
Democratic members of the Senate
ilnance committee admitted while the
majority members were considering
it, and it is equally well know that
the Democratic members of the con?
ference committee were ven denied
the right to participate in the deli?
berations of the conference commit?
tee, and were given only a few hours
to consider It, after the majority had
agreed upon it, before the vote was
taken, fie It said of the Democratic
party in the House that out of the
171 of Its members, on the final pas?
sage of the bill, only tw~o of them
voted for it, and of the 32 Demo?
cratic members of the Senate, only
one voted for It, and these men both
in the Senate and in the House
come from that section of Louisiana
which seems to be Republican upon
the tariff. The Democratic party has
never shown in the consideration of
any tariff bill In the history of this
country more unity of action nor
a greater determination to vote for
a real revision In the interst of thj
people than it has in the consideration
of this Act.
The question is not settled?it
cannot be settled in thte interest of
the people of thte Republican party,
and if there is to be a genuine revis?
ion of the tariff It must come through
the Democratic party."
ROBERT LEE IX HALL OF FAME.
Statues of the Great Confederate and
of George Washington Installed in
Washington, Aug. 10.?Bronze stat
ues of George Washington and Rob?
ert E. Lee, Virginia's contribution to
the nation's "Hall of Fame," were
today placed In Statuary Hall at the
Capitol. Formal ceremonies attend?
ing the unveiling will take place at
some time yet to be determined.
Both statues are beautiful works
of art. Lee is pictured In the uni?
form of the South, and his statue
-tands between thoTse of Robert Ful?
ton, inventor of the steamboat, aud
J. L. M. Curry, uf Alabama.
Near the statue of Lee are those of
Qtn, James Shields, of Illinois, and
Gen. Phillip Kearny, of New Jersey,
In the uniforms of the Union army.
The Lee statue was designed by Ed?
ward V. Valentine, of Richmond, Va.
Washington's statue was placed in
the southeast end of the hall, be?
tween the statues of Gen Ethan Al?
len, of Vermont, and Gen Peter
M Uhlenberg, of Pennsylvania, a dis?
tinguished soldier and statesman of
Revolutionary times, and a hrother
of the first Speaker of the House of
Representatives. The Washington
statue is a replica of Hudson's fa?
mous masterpiece now in the Capi?
tol in Richmond.
Elliot W'oods, superintendent of the
Capitol, today said that formal ac?
ceptance of the iwo statues Is not
required, although presentation of
the statues may be formally made
with elaborate ceremonies at the In?
stance of the Virginia statue com?
mission, and with the permission of
MARYLAND DEMOCRATS MEET.
Adopt Platform Indorsing Suffrage
Amendment to State .Constitution
Baltimore, Aug. 11.?State Comp?
troller Joshua Hering was unani?
mously rehomlnated today by the
Democratic State convention.
The platform, which was devoted
entirely to state issues, among other
things, favored the suffrage amend?
ment to the State constitution to be
voted on this fall, which in effect dis?
franchise! the illiterate negro vote.
A resolution had been prepared for
submission to the platform commit?
tee indorsing United States Senator
Rayner for reelection, but it was
withdrawn at Senator Rayner's re?
quest, Tt was feared by Senator
Rayner and state and city leaders
rhi't a resolution Of this sort might
be considered <s taking the place of
the present senatorial primary elec?
tion law. The resolution was not
deemed necessary) as the entire party
organlsatloni it was said, is in favor
o| Rayner'i reelection, and it was
conceded that he would have no op?
ris't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ai
DAY. AUGUST 14, 1
A TEST CASE \\\ ?r: MADE OF
t Vnlawful Storing Charged?Beer and
Whiskey Not Removed, But Locked
Up Pending Claim and Delivery
Columbia, S. C, Aug. 11.?The po?
lice yesterday afternoon made a raid
on the club of the Eagles' aerie at
1546 Main street. Quite a lot of ex?
citement was created as the lodge has
a membership of 350, and among the
members are a number of prominent
citizens and public officials, including
the congressman from this district,
the State senator from this county,
ie police recorder and a number of
The raid was made upon informa?
tion that liquor was being stored in
violation of the law. Chief Cathcart
stated that he made no case as to the
illegal sale of whiskey, but would in?
sist before the magistrate that the
section of the law forbidding storage
was being violated. The officials of
'.he club declared last night that they
welcome the investigation, for they
contend that they have complied with
the letter of the law strictly and, as
there has been so much talk about
what clubs have been doing, they
wish to get the matter settled with
reference to their own conditions.
Chief Cathcart took charge of 1,
000 bottles of beer and 100 quarts of
liquor. As notice was given that the
club's attorney, Senator F. H. Wes
tdn, would bring claim and delivery
proceedings to secure the return of
tie stuff seized, Chief Cathcart did
nut haul the seized beer and whiskey
tl the police station, but locked it
ig a room and sealed it, pending the
decision by th?, nagistrate. A careful
inventory of the seiz?' *e was made.
Chief Cathcart stated hat the of?
ficers of the club i were summon?
ed were Harry S. Fox, president and
George Xafey, steward.
In the same raid the police visited
a club in the postofflce block, which a
short time ago secured a charter un?
der the name of the "Ravens." At
this place were found 96 bottles of
beer and seven pints of whiskey. The
manager of this club was L. B.
Chief Cathcart stated last night
that he has positive informa?
tion that nearly all of the clubs
raided last week have suspended or
quit business entirely. The managers
of the places in some instances have
left the city. In fact, the charters ot
some of these "social clubs" were se?
cured just a few days before th?
prohibition law went Into effect, foi
the word seemed to get out thai
there would be good pickings here
but the police propose to enfore the
law strictly. They are using in theii
raids the list of clubs having char?
ters and the list of persons having
government revenue licenses, anc
there Is said to have been a markec
increase lately rn the number ot those
Chief Cathcart yesterday declarec
two men to ?seist Capt. T. E. Dick
son and the constables In the endeA
vor to find some contraband at W. H
Seller's place, but the search waa
Chief Cathcart has been watch im
the freight depots and express office,
and has found a lot of stuff that WsJ
shipped In violation of the Unitec
States laws?in other words, shipped
in fictitious names. In each case the
shippers, usually houses In Jackson?
ville, would have spotters on thf.
grounds and would order the stufl
returned to them before the police
could make seizures. The shippers
could not be held amenable to the
law, but the persons using the
wrong names could be punished se?
"I have seen what the Charleston
napsrs have had to say about drink?
ing in restaurants in Columbia," said
Chief Cathcart yesterday. "It h all
bosh. I am satisfied that there Ii not
a restaurant on Main street in Colum
bita that sold a bottle of beer to any
man from Charleston. If a parson
wishes to go into a restaurant and
drink beer which he himself had
purchased at a dispensary there is
no violation of the law In that, al?
though'the restaurants are careful nol
to permit this as a practice, for It
would soon bring them Into disre?
"The police are not mors than
usually active at this time. The rea?
son for these raids la that the police
have heretofore assisted the consta?
bulary. Who worked up cases and got
out injunctions, closing places In that
way. But as this present prohibition
period will last only a few days, we
thought thai there would be places
springing up right and left which
would not be seriously bothered by
^ ^'ins and contempt proceed?
ings, for they would not intend to
remain Jonj^nlebusiness anyway. We
had been laying our plans for this
Some of the members of the
Eagles* club said last night that
they have 350 members and only 100
lockers and that was what the police
objected to?the joint ownership of
lockers. This is one point which will
be argued before Magistrate Fowles
POLICE VISIT OTHER CLUBS.
Enforcement of Law Carried Out to
Letter in Columbia?Xo Supplies
Columbia, Aug. 12.?Following the
visit to the Eagles' club Tuesday af?
ternoon, from which a test case re?
sulted as to the use of lockers for
more than one member of a club, the
Columbia club and the Metropolitan
club were visited yesterday by Chief
of Police Cathcart who was accom?
panied by Mr. H. P. Green, secretary
of Columbia club and a member of
the firm, now city attorney. Xo viola?
tion of the law was discovered at
these two clubs and the officers came
away satisfied that the organizations
were living in the letter of the law.
The test case arising from the fact
that more than one member of the
Eagles' club occupies a locker wa6 not
tried yesterday and the exact date of
the hearing of the case has not yet
been decided upon as the preparation
of the papers and other matters inci?
dent to the trial will take some time.
Mr. F. H. Weston, representing the
Eagles, is engaged now in arranging
the club's side of the matter for the
argument before Magistrate Fowies.
SEIZES LOT OF GOOD BEER.
Marshal Dennis McKelvln Gets HLs
Clutches on Four Barrels on Sulli?
Charleston, Aug. 11.?Marshal Den?
nis McKelvin made yesterday after?
noon a seizure of four barrels of fine
export beer on the back beach on
Chief Constable Bateman got track
of the consignment and he started
j out to follow the beer to Its destina?
tion and there to seize it. As usual,
his appearance on the ferry wharf
was immediately telephoned ahead,
the plan which Is almost Invariably
followed, handicapping the official in
the discharge of his duty, and when
he attempted to search a car at
Mount Pleasant, he was called >ff the
job by an employe of the company.
Chief Bateman then took a car and
went down to the Atlantic Beach ho?
tel, waiting at the station.
The beer did not come down with
the freight train and then Chief
ttateman begun to take a look about
this section v>f the island. He brought
the sleuth McKevlln Into the game
and in a short time the marshal had
the four barrels which had been hid?
den in a small house on the back
beach. Marshal McKevlin gave at?
tention st once to the draymen on
' the island and having found that one
in particular had been seen a short
ti. e previous with his team hitched
up at station Xo. 19, the marshal re
' paired to this station and followed
fresh wheel tracks which took him
' to the little house and rewarded him
' for his trouble. The beer was turned
' over to Chief Bateman.
. FLAMES RAGING IX TITXXEEL.
Woodwork in Southern's Lyiichhurg
Passage Burning?Ground Above
Lynchburg, Ya., Aug. 11.?The
temporary work in the tunnel on the
Southern railway's new route
through Lynchburg is being destroy?
ed by lire, which broke out thi>
morning at 8 o'clock, the fire being
more menacing tonight than at any
time during the day. In the crown
are 1,500,000 feet of Southern and
oak timber and 50.000 cords of fire?
wood, all of which will burn unless
some method can be discovered to
stop it. The cordwood above the
WOOden crown, all of which was de?
signed to be encased in concrete,
caught tire from a spark from :i
steam shovel, the spark going through
a crack between the timbers, which
are 12 inches thick.
Late this afternoon the ground
above the tunnel began to care In,
and tonight it is feared Rivermoni
avenue, the main thoroughfare to \
residential section, seems certain to
cave. The street cars have stopped.
Attorney General Lyon has rendi
ed an opinion that the dispensers
and clerks must be paid their regu?
lar salaries for the time the county
dispensaries are closed.
SOTJrHRON, Established June, 18??
ies-Vol. XXIX. 1o 49
Improvement in Southern.
For some time observant people?
have noted that a great change for
the better has come ovei service as
well BS the spirit of the Southern
railway management. This improve?
ment patent to close observers, and
to these having much traveling or
other business with the road, has
been kept up long enough to become
recogr.ized by the great public, and!
it is a genuine pleasure tr record the
fact that where formerly this cor
respordent had to be constantly re?
porting wrecks, or hearing "kicks"'
from many quarters, the wrecking de?
partment of this news bureau has;
been discontinued for lack of mate?
rial and instead of "kicks," men are
more often heard remarking on the
excellent service given, the regular
schedi les, and the uniform courtesy
of the railroad employes, big and lit?
tle. A well known gentleman state4
this morning that he had never seen
such improvement, and would not
have oeen aware of it, except that
two weeks ago he had occasion to
travel about two thousand miles over
the Southern system, South andi
West. He said he had no trouWe*
getting stop overs, courteously al?
lowed by the conductors, and tjiat
everywhere he found the ticket
agents, baggage agets, etc., accommo?
dating and pleasant mannered, andT
that he never, during the whole week
of travel, stopping at many places,,
found a schedule ten minutes out of.
order, or experienced any delay in
getting in and out. He related that
n the many changes of routes he got
disconnected with his trunk and since
returning home, had been afraid al?
most to get the road to trace it up,
remembering that in former similar
troubles, he had met with rebuff's
and discouragements in such con?
This; time, he said he found every?
one connected with the baggage de?
partment over kind and helpful ii?
seeking the lost baggage, telegraph-.
ing to all junction points, and finally
locating and delivering the trunk,
when he had considered it as good as
gone. This same man said he forrn^
erly patronized another railroad sys?
tem whenever possible, because of
the lack of accommodation and irreg?
ularity of schedules on the Southern,,
but chat now he could not suggest
any improvement in t. e passcng?*-'
management of the Southern.
There is no doubt in the world"
about the great improvement in the
conduct of the affairs of the South?
ern in the past two years, and le**
doubt about the improvement in the
feeling of the general public toward*
this great corporation. Ani it is
with genuine pleasure that this wonP
of commendation can be honestly ancK
unsoUcltedly given by this corespond
e'U. who pays regular railroad far*-'
when he travels, and has never yef
fawned on a corporation or anything
else. \h".. thrift or undue favor might
follow.?Raleigh News and Observer.
MANY THWART TAFTS PLANS
K. publican Political Machine*?' MVr.i
Defeat President's Plans- U> Onltc
the North and south?Trouble I
Arises Over the Appointing of Odi-'
Washington, August 11.--Presi?
dent's Taft'8 well-directed efforts. irJ
Ixing his policy towards the Sotrtnare
threatened with rupture, if not de?
struction as the result of the poffticaf
game being played in connection wit I*
the appointment of census supervi?
Up to a few nays ago it looked ssj
though the appointment to
these places would be mad*y t>y di?
rector Durand, of the census bureau,
with the President s approval. Now.
however, it has been learned that the
real power behind the throne is noc*
other than Frank H. Hitchcoc k. gfd -
ed by the Republican referees from
the various Democratic States.
It has been known here lor leversj
days that so far as South Carolina was
concerned no appointments as super?
visors would be made without tf?f
approval of John fj. Capers and Far?
inas Blslock, and that in Virginia
another rock-ribbed Democratic state.
Congressman Slemp and Alvah Mar ?
tin would be consulted before wit
thing definite would be announce^.'
to the appointments. In addition tSJ
tiiis it was today learned that Ceelfc
Lyon, tlx- head of the Hepubbr.it
machine in Texas, has been forsever
a days holding conference sritta Jit
Hitchcock and that everything it< feesj
cut and dried for naming at least ten
Republican supervisors in the bones
Star State, which sends to Conpreitf
B delegation of | \teen Ocmoi'-ut^
That at bast ten Of the sixteen su
pervisora will be Republicans is
tically settled, and it is possible rrr.A
even a greater dlvia on may b?- mada*.