Newspaper Page Text
She Matcbman mit? Soutbron.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 14, 1909.
Tue Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In IsM and the True Southron In
ltM. The Watchman and Southron
mom oaut the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papera.
and is manifestly the beat advertising
medium In Sumter.
If the theoretical prohibitionists
Will tell us how they purpose tu en?
force prohibition, many of ua who
oinocrsiy believe that the country
would be better off without liquor
might have more faith In the plan to
snake people temperate and aober by
? ? ?
When a murder or theft
or any other crime against
s?tm)ii or property Is com?
mitted some cltisen hastens he
for. a magistrate t<? give information
and procure the issuance of a war?
rant for the apprehension of the crim?
inal, but when liquor is sold In vlo
tatloa of the law the cltisen passes by
ob the ether side and salves his con?
science h? -.tying that It is the dut.v
sf the pal.1 officers of the law to ap?
prehend IA-r breakers and so that
they are iWnlshed. When a murderer
er thief Isi arrested and brought to
trial as many citlsens at have know?
ledge sf the facts are ready and eager
to testify in order that the guilty one
he punlshsri snd the majeuty of the
saw vindicated, but when a II iuor sel?
ler la arrested, after long and flagrant
defiance of the law. It la like pulling
eye teeth to get the citlsens who hav?
knowledge of the facts to testify.
Herein lies the weakness of statutory
prohibition and this Is why it is us?
ually a Carce and a reproach.
? ? i
Tempers nee. like religion. Is a mor?
al, not a political Issue. Men cannot
he legislated into the church and for
pad Co live pious and Godly lives. Thb
was tried to a finish In the dark ages
and failed. Men cannot be forced to
lire temperate and moral Uvea by leg?
re enactment, and we sincerely
that the effort to make them
/lo so that is now* being made by the
thsoretlcal prohibitionists will fail
r in i
We do not believe in the liquor traf?
fic, nor do we believe In the prohibi?
tion movement that is supported by
sincere, hut mistaken, enthusiasts,
and encouraged by calculating and
self seeking politlcans. who expect to
ride into office on the crest of the pol?
itico-prohibit! >n wave, and our In?
clination km to wash our hands of the
whole mUeralde affair. But we believe
that It is our duty to pursue the cours?
es that will result In the least evil, and
therefore wr are. at present, in favor
of the maintenance of the dispensary
and the abolition of all social clubs
whsre ifcioor Is sold smld surround?
ings that encourage Intemperance
and the formation of habits thai
make drjnkards of otherwsie aober
? ? ?
We sr? not opposes to prohibition,
but to the non-enforcement of the
? s e
Honth Carolina needs a law similar
to the Carmlchael law recently passer*,
by the Altham* Legislature, If we are
to iave a prohibitory law In the State.
? ? ?
The ?bohlt ?n of the liquor evil is
on< thing, th.* enactment of statutory
prohibition la another and a far dif?
ferent thins; The one would be an
unmixed blessing, the other Is usually
a farce th it breeds disrespect for all
?? ? ? ?
Hnless the social club* can be put
out of business prohibition will be
worse than a farce In South Carolina.
mlh else where.
"It U r-poi?ed that some whiskey
hou*e* hat ? sant In bunches of mon?
ey to :>e ii umI in purchasing votea for
the dispensary in Sumter County and
other counties. The antl-dlspensary
Itea bjn on th l lookout for anyone
nstnx money snd sre prepared to pro?
secute them "
? The nbo'-e ;?ai agniph Is ti?ken from
the I .roter correspondence in the
Columbia State. It Is a statement
that -hould be substantiated an 1
proof of its orrectrvss furnished <?r
promptly snd explicitly with?
drawn It Is possible that
the sjrhHkey BSSI may have
sent masjsjf to this city to hi
used !i Influencing th- election to Im?
held In the I "th. but we regard !t as
Improbable Abo is taking an a<ti\
Ifjtnrsol and d ttli i his Uns and
energi?*? to In fitem? lug voters to vnti
for the retention of the dispensary?
Who Is suspected of being
so gi**atty Interested in ?M
retention of the dltpe:\s;it y r.s
to undertake to distributf thl-t
hypothetical corruption fund win ?
It win dsj iii ' in o snodf Wi do
not belierf th?t any from \ aOJ W.-.n
sen' t > tfumter to del. inch the el*-? -
tornte in the |nt<nr<??t of the dispen?
sary. W - il l not believe thai a sulll
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron* having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers* Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
Some Random Thougflls.
Preparatory to Dr. Goodrlch's il?
lustrated lecture next week at Mayes?
vllle we have Prof. Maasey on the
"Wrong Way of Doing the Right
Thing.'' Just here I will express my
opinion, baaed on observation and
some little experience, on the cut?
ting and shocking of corn. That
method was adopted and Is kept up
at the North because the corn is lia?
ble to frost-btte If left standing aa It
grows to dry out In the big shocks It
is protected from the cold. All North
furrows. Then chop or pull up, and
pack them down in this furrow.
Ridge and plant over them, and you
will find that the dry corn stalk is
the best manure you can get except
green pine boughs.
"Now, why is there manure in the
dry corn stalk and green pine bough?
Because the stalk will take up water
and air for the plants and in the
dryest of weather it remains wet and
rotting and gives the roots air and
sweat In time of need. C. P. V.**"
Of course, the burying of corn
stalks or any vegetable matter to
decay in the soil will In this decay
ern writers on the subject of seed
corn selection lay great stress upon \ contribute to the retention of mols
teatlng the germinating qualities of ture In the soil, and will add Its mite
the seed corn, showing that they have towards the accumulation of humus
a great deal of damaged corn in their In the soil. But our friend starts
crops. Those of us who were so un- with the assumption that the corn
fortunate as to have to buy north- has been stripped and topped and the
ern corn a few years ago remember stalks left in the field, and that in
what mouldy, sticky stuff it was, not stead of having something more on
even fit for hog feed. The late Mr. the land than stalks, the farmer is
W. D. Gamble told me that when a going to plant that same land in corn
lot of his neighbors adopted this1 or some other hoed crop. In the
rrethod of saving corn some of It j nrst place, stripping and toppin?
was sold at his store, and one could, corn is a bad practice, for it hae
tell the shocked corn in the dark Just j been proved time and again that the
by the atlcky. musty feeling. I have | man who pulls the blades and top>
alw.iys contended that It Is a poor
wa> to save our March and April
corn. In the heat of August with the
danger of heavy rains to Intensify
the tendency to mould. The better
way la to have our fields fenced so
stock may glsan behind the corn
hr.rvest In October and November,
and then turn under the residue to
supply the usual needed humus. We
can with cow pea hay, sorghum hay,
oat straw and wheat straw, to say
nothing of the many other legumes
and forage crops that are exploited
by the agricultural department and
experimental stations, and more pro?
gressive farmers all over the country,
supply an abundance of "roughness"
for thouaands more stock than we
now feed?and do It a great deal
cheaper than to save corn stover?
and without any of the damage to the
grain that follows either fodder pull?
ing or cutting and shocking,
e ? e
The other article for this issue.
"Growing Good Crops of Wheat,
should be studied carefully. I am
sure my mistakes in growing wheat
have been too deep breaking, and
too much nitrogen. With several
gasoline threshers in the county, and
a splendid roller mill at Trinity,
Sumter. Clarendon and Lee farmers
should arrange to stop paying tribute
to such speculators as Patten, and
the very probable adulteration of
flour that abnormally high prices
e e - e
The Colleton Press and Standard
is on my desk. The county is to be
congratulated on having an editor
like Bro. Smoak. who devotes so
much space to the farmers' interests
and who like Bro. Poe of the Pro?
gressive Farmer, Is not afraid to
work for prohibition In the columns
of his paper editorially.
E. W. D.
The Wrong Wny of Doing tho Right
Kecently there was sent me from
the edltorlul offices the following let
ter?a letter both Interesting and dll
OOU ragtag to one who has been try
ing for so long to teach the underly?
ing principi. s of good farming; ?
"I wish to tell the farmers the val
01 Of their com ?tMlks as n manure.
and how to use Iben,
"Before the stalk is cut. run off
?uf ton i wiiii Iwo or ihr? ? deep
< i. Hi nomber of \oters could bt
bought in this county t? change ih>
lesnlt of the f ctlon. iiiul it is d.nnag
inn to ihe good name of gumter ooun
iy ami go roter people for soon ;> re*
port to i?e elfeulated, It is up t" Ihe
Sumter oorrospcndenl <?f the Colum
hi ? -?.it. !?> ipeelfy the source "f the
report which he hos given such wide
publicity, ;. nil lei the pi-ople Of Sum
lOI l;r.'>\\ who ChargSfl them with Im -
his corn has lost just about corn
nough to pay for all the fodder he
gets, and thus has his lahor wasted.
The way to handle the corn crop
Is to cut It at the ground and cure it
n shocks, and then feed the stover,
and all that the cattle do not eat will
be acting as an ashorbent in takln?
up the liquids. Then if he goes fur?
ther and runs the whole through a
shredder, he will have stilll more of
it eaten and will have the refuse in
the best shape for absorbing the ma?
nure. Then, If that manure is spread
evenly on the land, he will get more
benefit than from dry corn stalks,
and will not be obliged to bed over
It, but can plant level and work level
and keep the turning plow out of the
field after the crop is planted.
And more than this, the thought?
ful farmer will have peas and clover
In after his corn crop and will have
a mass to turn in the spring that will
be worth a hundred times as much
*s a few stalks buried In the row.
Burying corn stalks or green pine
boughs In the furrow is simply an
acknowledgment that the soflgneede
organic decay, and placing these
things in the furrow is simply doing
a great deal of needless work to
accomplish what might be done on a
broader scale over the whole land in
a cheaper way, by growing legumes
and feeding them and having good
manure all over the land Instead of a
few stalks In a furrow. If cotton
were to follow this burying of the
stalks in the beds, the chances are
that before the stalks could decay
you would have the beds so dry that
you would have a poor stand of cot?
ton. If, Instead of a few stalks in the
furrows, you had the whole land fill?
ed with vegetable matter, the case'
would be vastly better.
The turning plow should never go
int? the corn field after it is planted,
but the smoothing harrow and the
weeder should be used from the Uofe
the corn is planted till it is tall
enough to use the riding cultivator
and- cultivate both sides of the row
at once and save the greater par* or
the labor. I rode not long since from
Wilmington, Delawaie. down through
that beautifully cultivated section,
ami I did not see a Held in which a
man was going two times In a row,
but In every geld I saw men riding
on i oultlvator with two horses and
working the land level and doing the
work better and faster than two men
with single horses could have done
It, Ami i saw there the cleanest of
Heids ood no clumps of bushes here
und there In the field, no patches al
broomsedge, but wide fields of corn
and clean, broad fields of wheat then
nearly ready for the harvest. And i
thought as my train whirled along
through these beautiful farms, that I
wl hed all our readers could see how
the farmers farm and grow gnat
i iops on land not a hit better natu
lug soscepttbls t?
Ihe Influence of rullj than thousands ol a< r< - of the
mono] in so Important ? matter as
the approaching election.
Routhern uplands, They cut th< ir
corn with the coin harvester, and
put the land in wheat, and the silos
that stood by their barns showed
where the corn stalks went, and the
fine cattle on the pastures showed,
too, the final place where the corn
wont to pay the farmer. They had
no pine houghs to cut. and did n?t
piddle with corn stalks in the fur?
row, but they had a sod to turn t\n
der on the whole land for corn after
the manure had been spread over the
C. P. P. has discovered that rotten
corn stalks are good. Now, let him
try rotten corn stalks full of manure.
?Prof. Massey in Progressive Farm?
Growing Good Crops of Wheat.
The present good price for wheat
and the apparent prospect for its
continuance, is exciting interest in
wheat raising in the South, and I am
getting letters from many farmers
who have not been growing wheat,
asking for the best methods for its
cultivation. While wheat can be
grown in the coastal plain of the South
Atlantic region, it is hardly probable
that uniformly good crops will be
made there, because as a rule the
soils are rather too light and the cli?
mate too humid for the best results
in whc , though in certain unusually
favorable seasons good crops may
sometimes be made.
The best wheat soils are the me?
dium heavy clay loams, and a lime?
stone soil is highly esteemed for
wheat. Good drainage is, of course,
essential to a crop that must pass
through the winter, and only well
drained soils can be expected to make
good wheat crops.
Formerly, it was thought that the
Ideal preparation for wheat was a.
clover sod broken early in the sum?
mer and harrowed and tramped till
well settled. And there is no doubt
that a well prepared fallow is stffl
excellent for the wheat crop. But
cultivators have long since learned
that this sort of preparation for the
wheat crop is too expensive, aa ft
takes the labor of the farm through
most of the summer without any
crop on the land, and the exposure
to the sun is also a bad thing for
the soil. In my boyhood I can well
remember that a farmer would apol?
ogize for the appearance of a certain
field by saying that was "cornland"
wheat, and could not be expected to
be equal to fallow wheat.
But these same farmers who form?
erly thought that they were doing
well to get fifteen bushels of wheat
per acre, have long since found out
that fifteen bushels is a very small
crop, and that there is no better
preparation for wheat than a corn
field deeply broken in the spring and
cultivated shallowly all summer, so
aa to bring about the same Ideal con?
ditions that an early-broken fallow
gives. They have found, too.
that after the f hoed crop,
whether wheat or tobacco, there
is no need for re-plowing the
land. In fact, there Is good reason
for not doing so, for the shallow and
level culture of the corn has brought
about the very best conditions for
wheat, a well compacted soil and a
Have the Soil Fine and Firm.
Therefor^, after a crop of corn or
tobacco Is /off the land, a light disk?
ing kept up both ways till the surface
soil is made very fine, will be all that
Is needed. If peas have been sown
among the corn or tobacco, they
should be mown off, fpr the turning
under of such a growth would pre?
vent the compacting of the soil thill
wheat demands, and more wheat will
be made with the peas cut off than
if they were turned under. But one
thing is certain, and that is, that the
surface soil can not be made too line.
The best wheat soils In Virginia and
North Carolina are the red uplands
of the Piedmont section. Lands like
the farm of Mr. Lambeth In Radolph
County near Thomasville. in David?
son, where a crop of over thirty bush?
els is reported this season, should
be made to average that much, or
more, every season. The farm of the
late Governor Holt, in Davidson, has
made over forty-five bushels per
acre, and these crops show that these
red lands are ideal wheat soils, and
will make more wheat today under
good farming than the famous spring
wheat lands of the Dakotas. But
good farming demands that crops
shall be grown economically, and it
has been found, as 1 have said, that
ihr fallowing system |g tod an eco?
nomical way to raise wheat, Our
clover sod, while it will make Hue
wheat, can be more economically
used for the corn crop, The farm
manure spread on this clover sod .is
made during the winter, and plowed
under in (he spring, makes the best
of all preparation for the wheat < t??i>
it the corn la cultivated shallow and
level during the summer, thus pro?
ducing the sann- conditions that
would be made on a summer falloa,
while making a valuable crop.
The same may be said .?f the to?
bacco crop as a preparation for
wheat. The leading idea la t<? make
the breaking early, and then devote
the whole season to the preparation
of the surface soil t<? uet it tine, and
the lower soil compacted t
the wheat prefers.
THE VALVE OF A MAN.
The Economic Aspect of the prohi
Tlme snd Manner of seeding. bit|on lssue
Then as to sowing. Too early
must he avoided on account of the Editor:
Hessian fly. There is less danger Of To the man who justifies his vote
the By after we have had one good for tne dispensary by the money that
white frost, and I would always defer | |a m t(((. out of it j wish to direct at
the sowing to this time. Thtsjtention to the letter of Mr. D. James
will usually make the sowing Wlnn in Monday's IUm. He men
in ail the warmer parts of the j UonB lwenty-four men who hare fall
Btate of North Carolina abput the! en under thc <lrink nabit. students
last of October or first of November, political economy rats the value
and somewhat earlier in the upper ,.f a somi 1 working man, not profes
sections. Mr. Dauthridge. i Bdgo- J ?donal men mind you. hut a plain
combe County, made some years ago working man. at $10,000. Ten thou
a fine orop of wheat sown in Decem -1 sand dollars. Therefore the twenty
ber, but In any of the upper parta of | four whom Mr. Wlnn mentions rep
the Ptate that would be entirely too j resent a capitalization of $240.000.
late to give the wheat a fair chance, j jUst as well throw $240 0f>0 into the
while it might do in lower (ieorgia | rire. Nay better, for then the con
As to the amount of seed to be us?
ed, I would sow more on thin land
than on strong land, for it will tiller
less. On the liest wheat soil five to
six pecks per acre, will be none too
much. Get seed wheat, if practicable,
south of you rather than north, for
south wheat is sown later and ripens
earlier, and hence earliness is pro?
moted by going south for seed. In
the days of the old Blue Stem White
wheat it was common for Maryland
farmers to get seed from North Car
ollna, and they found this to be an
advantage in earliness.
Where one has a manured clover
sod turned for corn, the only fertilizer
that will be needed on red clay aoil
will be about 400 pounds of acid
phosphate per acre, and on sandy or
grey soil an addition of 25 pounds of
muriate of potash will be an advan
tage. Always drill the seed with a
wheat drill, and never follow the old
practice of sowing broadcast and har?
rowing it, see that the seed is clean,
plump and heavy, for a great deal de
pends on the vigor of the plants, and
you cannot expect strong plants from
You will have no cheat unless you
sow the seed with the wheat or have
sequent pauperization and degrada?
tion of these men and their innocent
wives and children v. luld not have
added its burden to the loss. I ven?
ture to assert, without fear of con?
tradiction, that in the past thirty
years, the life of a generation, enough
men of Sumter county have perished
through the drink habit, to be equal
to a capitalization of $3,000,000.
Three million dollars worse than
burned up. That is ten men a year.
Is it worth the price? Even at this
low estimate, who would continue
the traffic if he could see it in this
Take the sixty thousand dollars
($60,000) or about that, that you say
was divided among Sumter, county
and city, and the school fund last
year. Is it not a fact that some?
thing like $150,000 was sent out of
the county and State for the liquor
to make this profit?
But some one says, "Money was
sent out for corn and hay and oats
and meat and lard." Granted, and
it is not to our credit as farmers that
it is so. But this "corn and hay and
oats and meat and lard" were used
to sustain life, not to degrade it; was
used to enable man and beast to
^ make more crops to bring more mon
land already infested with cheat seed. ? ey into the channels of trade. While
Cheat Is more common among oats \ the whiskey brought forth no har
in the South than among wheat, for
the cheat seed is very much l'ke a
small oat, and farmers sow them with
the oats without suspecting their
presence. Then the winter may be
hard and the oats get killed, but the
Hardy cheat grows, and the farmer,
seeing green leaves, imagines that it
Is oats till it heads out, and then he
thinks hjs oats have turned to cheat.
No man ever had any cheat but what
came from cheat seed which was in
the ground or was sown with the
grain.?Prof. Massey, in Progressive
New England's Danger.
There is a noticeable feeling of ap
prehension throughout the northeast,
especially up in New England, that
the manufacturing and commercial
Supremacy so long enjoyed by that
section is seriously threatened, and
that the danger is from the west
There is no question of the fact that
New England has been having vel?
vety times In manufacturing lines
for several generations, and there
is no question of the fact either, that
the west is a great and growin
country; but while we have tremen
dous respect for the business perspi
cacity of the New Englanders, we are
Inclined to think that they are a lit
tie in the dark just now as to the
quarter from which they are most
threatened. The great south has be?
gun to feel herself again and It will
not be a great while until she beg. is
to make herself felt by others. This
is the coming part of the country;
and if our friends of New England
ever lose their industrial supremacy,
we are inclined to believe that It is
the south which Will next loom up in
the lead.?Yorkville Enquirer.
vest of grain and cotton and tobacco,
but was rich in a harvest of crime,
degeneracy, pauperism and imbecil
ty, and what Is of more consequence,
generations yet unborn will suffer.
\nd the sober and Industrious who
think they are saving something from
their ta.x bills, have to pay the bills \
)ut of their hard earned money, for
i people are no richer than the av
reage wealth of all the people.
To those who say they are prohibi?
tionists, if it will prohibit, I will
say. In conclusion, no reform ever
was accomplished In a day. There
wil be violations of the law, as there
are violations of every other law on
the statute books, but these viola?
tions will be less and less as the peo?
ple are educated to true economy?
that men are more valuable than dol?
lars, and sober men are more valua?
ble simply as a ?cash asset than
E. W. Dabbs.
SOMETHING NEW IN POLITICS.
Col. Albert Pope Dead.
Boston, Aug. 10.?Col. Albert Pope,
well known In automobile and bicycle
circles throughout the United States,
Greenville Candidates Whose Votes
Are Equal WIU Stake All on
Greenville, Aug. 11.?The city
Democratic committee found today
that C. H. Webb and W. T. Bull, can?
didates for aldermen from the first
ward, had each received 718 votes.
The committee will meet again Sat?
urday morning and take up the mat?
ter of the challeged voters. If the
result is not changed, the names of
the two candidates will be plaed In a
hat and a boy not over ten years of
age will draw out one who is to rep?
resent the ward in the council. It Is
a state of affairs never seen here be?
The committee's finding today did
not change the mayoralty result in
any material way. A banquet will be
tendered Mayor-elect Marshall at the
Ottaray Hotel tonight.
The time limit for making sewer?
age connections within the fire limits
Hied at his summer home in Cohasset is nearing expiration and many con
iate today. nections are yet to be made.
Shingles, Laths, Acme Piaster, Fire Brick,
Drain and Sewer Pipe, Building Material of
all Kinds, Cow, Hog and Chicken Feed,
Hay, Grain, Horses ^Mviles,
Buggies, Wagons and Harness. Wholesale
and Retail. :: :: :: :: :: ::
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
SUMTER, S C.