Newspaper Page Text
wTftlCcSSAV, AUGUST 25, 1909.
Th? Samter Watchman was found?
ed tn II 58 and the True Southron In
lift. The Watchman and Southron
mow has the combined circulation and
milaenco of both of the old papers,
end la manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
BOM 10 PROHIBITIONIST?'
**tt bin* unlawful to deliver, ac
or receive any liquor, we trust
We are not too credulous when we ex?
press the hope that some ardent pro?
hibitionist will make It hla personal
duty to prosecute the railroad or ex?
press aiests for delivering and each
and every cltlssn who receives liquor
at aar hind at description. Then we
Shall have real prohibition."?Sumter
Watchman and Southron.
S(Why saese prohibitions! ?" And
'why aae "ardent prohibitionist?"
It is ao mere his duty than any other
oltlaes/s. mags of this sort at "pro
MMwesriits" simply mean that the
|SSJSsSJ| who indulge in them are not
satisfied with the rule of the people?
a sort of vain and Idle protest against
Si Government of the people by the
SjSjsSJSj '"r tne people. It would be
mere ta keeping with democracy and (
good cHiaenshlp t% yield gracefully
to the w III of the people and help to
?nahe the law that they vote for a
Sem ess. The other looks too much
eta* She behavior of spoiled children
was woa't play unless you play their
allowance Should be made for
ejtnr SSrmter contemporary Just now,
smarting under ths disappointment
v*f recent defeat?Newberry Obeerv
**Why i warne ardent prohibitionist?"
jSjgssggsj t was the ardent prohlbi
sebnurt ryr> of politician that was most
active en ear men ting this new "re
IWWaT movement. We would he
grattfted <o eee some of them make
good ih at least one instance their
pretcstati >n of a high, holy and seal
ous determination to reform their
tsssghhare' habits and enforce the
law. ?Htft we fear we were too credu?
lous. When so shining a light among
ftbr V%sl prohibitionists?a man who
'Is "reputed to be a temperate man in
'practice und not a mere office hunt
lag politico-prohlbltlonlst?as the
editor of the Newberry Observer be?
gins to id le step in this manner, whai
?119 we t xpect of the gang who talk
prohibit*.'n and drink whiskey to
taake etwtm? "It is no more his duty
then sny other citizen's," so says the
jfrheerver. and all the other prohibi
SjbjnsaSs siiy likewise And this Is one
bl lV?e causes of the failure of prohi?
bition. The average prohibitionist Is
SJSSjns std aggressive to assume a
Sxamsndiias responsibility In telling
'Other *p><pte what to do and how to
but when It oomes to enforcing
law l hey claim entire Irresponsi?
ble that reason we enjoy pok
thsm, and the way the Observer's
flinches shows thst the probi?
His observations on the rule of the
?sjsp1e sessd nice, but come with
Sjejin fjrsse from the spokesman of a
SfeMCftrul faction that has repudiated
bn serreersent mads in the legislature
now proposes to override the
at the people In the counties
SJId not vote to suit them. We
Wf ttnWrtvt county have yielded to the
will ef the majority and expect to
ejfetw the law as well as any of the
SssHRVs-prohibltlonlsts who are now
urd to make Charleston, it ich
and other local option counties
SjSJSSSt piohlb'tlon. despite the vote
ejf b ssaj<rity for the retention of the
dispensary. Is this democra
t ST hypocrisy ?
SJsnstoT Tillman. In a speech at
burg the other day. said that the
Carolina legislature was venal
that the Senate had been bought
venttre to say that the senator
about as much warrant for th<s
nt as he had when he made
chaises of wholesale corruption
?the State officers when he
appeared in the political arena,
charges, which were utterlv
foundation, would have hud
erect of annihilating any man
than the doughty Benjamin but
partisans unly stuck the closer t j
I and as one of his ardent admir
axwressed it "I would vote for
VNsmtfn If he were to be convicted
Wl ?.'"nMn< sheep." He took occasion
ts? pay his respect to the news
ffs of the State, or to tho*e who
?/p.>m?d to his policies. His ntock
ttmirwgate is in no wise diminish?
es* by his asauciatluris with the Solons
Ington. and he is still ex
fertile in vltuperstiou an 1
and a man who disagrees with
ta b< th knave ind fool.- (isffnt v
swtng the ehlMrss down und lei
*Sj?a* the walking "Walk-Over"
SSjsn ??n IbJgdSJf in the shoe window
Sift >>, S^mt-t Clothing Co,
cjasa? ?14 your Job work.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calla of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Unioare requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for ;1 Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
(In Four Chapters?^Chapter II.)
In the present state of our agricul?
ture, speaking generally, it might be
well to confine our operations of un?
derdrawing to those lands that are
naturally very fertile and new; only
the removal of the surplus water to
enable them to produce large crops*
And yet there seems some danger in
laying down a general rule like
this, for our country is largely made
up of land which, though they cannot
be classed as very fertile soils, yet,
must be cultivated and proper drain?
age even without extra fertilization
would very much increase their yield.
The farmer whose estate is largely or
entirely composed of land of this
class can find satisfaction in the fact
that having drained his land he has
not only placed his business on a
much surer basis, but, by supple?
menting his drainage with judicious
manuring, he has it In his power to
bring his soil up to a very high state
of fertility. Agriculture, when as?
sisted by drainage, is not so much in?
fluenced by vicissitudes of weather
and becomes as unfailing in its re?
turns as any other occupation.
Of course what is here said about
underdralnage might be applied with
equal propriety to surface drainage.
The proper treatment of the surface
In order to remove the water of heavy
rains and at the same time prevent
eroaion, should precede underdraln?
age. I shall not dwell upon the sub?
ject of surface drainage here, as this
paper is Intended to be a mono?
graph on tile drainage. I will only
remark in passing that surface drain?
age does not contemplate soil drain?
age. It removes water that would
otherwise stand on or soak into the
soil, thus keeping the soil wet longer,
and. Incidentally, may furnish outlet
channels for receiving the water de?
livered by the underdrains.
A good soil Is a soil abounding in j
all the elements of plant food; but |
there are certain conditions that must
exist in any good soil In order that
a seed may make a thriving plant.
The soil must be moist, but not wet.
and well supplied with air. We sup?
ply the air when we remove the su?
perabundant water, and this aeration
qf the soil Is promoted by tillage. A
crop on drained soils stands droughts
better than a crop on undralned soils,
because drained soils have more
moisture in them during droughts
than undralned soils. The greater
supply of moisture during dry seasons
In drained soils is to he accounted for
First?A water-logged soil, that is
to say a soil that continues full of
water all through the winter, will,
when dry weather sets in, begin to
bake and get hard. This hard crust,
ever increasing in depth, serves as a
pump just like the lamp wick,
drawing the water up from below
and giving it off to the atmosphere
until the subsoil water is exhausted
down to a depth out of reach of the
crop roots. The soil during the pro?
cess of drying shrinks and splits into
those big cracks already alluded to,
and these promote the drying effect
of the atmosphere. Hundreds of tons
of water are thus carried from every
acre. Notice in your cabbage patch
that the tracks you made while set?
ting out plants where the ground was
wet are the last points to dry. This
is because the soil under your feet
was kneaded or pressed together, and
condensed for some distance below
the surface, which had the effect of
increasing its capillarity, thus en?
abling it to draw water from a great?
er depth, thereby keeping the surface
wet longer than the surrounding soil.
Now after our water-logged soil lias
been drained, the tlrst few feet of s<?il
Its capacity for retaining the warmth
derived from below Is Increased; and
this is of considerable value in early
Second?Let us consider the im?
portance of dew to the growing crop.
When air containing moisture comes
in contact with an object cooler than
itself it deposits a part of its mois?
ture upon the object In the form- of
dew. In a grick house where the
plaster is laid directly upon the brick
walls, in winter, while warm mois?
ture laden wind is blowing, follow?
ing a cold spell, the water is condens?
ed upon the surface of the cooler
walls, and trickles down in quantity
greater or less according as the dif?
ference between the temperature of
the air and that of the walls is greater
or less, and depending also, upon the
amount of moisture carried in the
air. Now, during the growing season
the warm moist air in the same man?
ner deposits its moisture upon the
cooler blades and leaves of plants,
and also upon and In the soil, though
the moisture is not so much in evi?
dence on the ground because the
ground absorbs it. Every one who has
had occasion to walk through high
grass early on some spring or sum?
mer morning, can form some idea of
the quantity of water deposited In a
sing night in the form of dew?
some hundreds of gallons to the acre,
I should think. In my first chapter
I have not only shown that dry earth
absorbs moisture from the atmos?
phere, but actually measured the
v f : \ I
Now, to come to the point, through
soil that has been mellowed by un?
derdralnage, the air can circulate
much more freely than it can
through a compact soil, and the
warm moisture laden air, passing
deep into and out of the cooler soil,
leaves a good part of its moisture in
the soil right where the roots of the
crop can take it up. The admission
of air adds fertility to the soil, and It
t also helps to break down the manurial
j matters contained in the soil and
adapt them to the needs of the crop;
but to go further into this subject is
not within the province of these
However, I must convince those
who are in doubt as to what has
been said about the circulation of air
in the soil, that this is no mere the?
ory incapable of demonstration. The
pressure of the atmosphere is about
15 pounds to the square inch, vary?
ing somewhat with changes of the
weather; so if you could exhaust all
the air from a tight cask, the cask
would have to sustain a pressure ap?
proaching 15 pounds for every square
inch of heads, sides and all else 01
coMapse from the pressure of thi at?
mosphere without. If you take- a
piece of gas pipe, place one end of It
in a hole several feet deep, fill the
hole with earth and let it rain on it
until the earth about the pipe has
become packed to the density cf a
pood soil, you can still blow through
the pipe and out into the soil with
your mouth. Of course if you were
to drive the pipe into the ground
with a maul, a dense plug of earth
would be forced into the end of the
pipe which would resist all your ef?
fort* at blowing. And so even the
slight variation in the atmosphere
that affects thet barometer?those va?
riations due to heat and cold and the
winds?cause circulation of air in the
soil. I have placed my hand at th?s
outlet of one of my main drains and
felt the cool air flowing oui of the
drain even '\hen no water was being
discharged. There is a simple appa?
ratus uted to illustrate the foregoing
facts, but I cannot take sagos to show
To be continued.
from the surface downward have been
made more open and mellow, and the
capacity of the son for sucking up
water from below as well as its c i ?
paclty as u OOndUCtOf Of the sun's
heat is thereby greatly diminished;
end be it remembered thai In just ths
proportion that the capacity of the ?ignaturo
S'dl as a beat conductor is lessened,
Por Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always bought
You are invited to attend our
Opening Display of
Fine Merchant Tailoring
August 26, 27 cvnd 28.
We will have an Expert Cutter and Fitter
from Isaac Hamburger & Sons, to attend to
your wants, and we
Guarantee a Fit.
Good dressers and Men who are particular
about a fit cannot afford to miss this dis?
Looking through the line does not obli?
gate you to buy.
The Sumter Clothing Co.
Outfitters to Men and Boys.
LAW AND ORDER LEAGUE!. 1
Prohibitionists Promise to Do Their
Part to Enforce I^*\v, But Desire
Aid of Officials.
Editor Watchman and Southron:
We notice in your issue of the 18th
"A Law and Order League with ac?
tive branches In every township in
the county would do much to prevent
prohibition from being a farce. But
unless the men who compose the
league will work up cases and prose?
cute the blind tigers it will be a farce
itself. A mere organization with an
Imposing array of officers will accom?
plish nothing, while a working or?
ganization, zealous and fearless in
the prosecution of law breakers of all
classes will be a real force for good."
Tou are right! It takes something
besides an organization. We expect
to take advantage of Mr. Bowman's
invitation and will be at the Court
House on Monday night, but we want
to say that it will be the duty of the
officers, city and county, to enforce
the law. The citizen, of course, ought
to actively co-operate, but enforce?
ment of laws rests upon officials.
In conversation with a thoughtful
prohibitionist recently, he took the
position that while the individual cit?
izen could do much, a strict enforce?
ment need not be expec* d where of?
ficials were not in sympathy with
arrying out the law to the letter.
Now to the point: It was reported
on Tuesday, during the voting, thai:
every police officer of the city, ex?
cept one, was supporting the dispen?
sary?as they had a right to do, of
course?and the Impression was gen?
eral that, being dispensary support?
ers, they would not give the people a
vigorous enforcement of the prohibi?
tion law in Sumter city.. We mention
this matter that the officers may know
that the eyes of the people are upon
them and that they will be expected
to do their duty fully and make Sum?
ter a dry town In reality. We have
strong hopes along this line, for Chief
Bradford tells us that he not only can
enforce the law reasonably well, but
will do it.
So, let's give our efficient force all
the support necessary and then, if
results are not what they ought to
be, the people can have a chance to
E. P. Miller.
The Walking Man.
The walking "Walk-Over" man
who is walking around the shoes in
tiie window of the Sumter Clothing
<'o. is much smaller than Tom
Thumb or the Russian Prince. The
crowds In front of the window show
the Interest taken In the little fellow
dho represents th?> greatest iin< of
? sboes made at $3.50 and $4.00.
Lum Ma this Sentenced.
Lum Mathis, after a sojourn In the
guard house of more than thirty-six
hours, was cold sot' ^'hen brought
before Mr. Hurst Saturday. He was
charged with public drunkenness and
larceny. He plead guilty to the first
charge but, at first denied having
stolen two cakes of soap and two
sticks of pomode from Hearon's
Pharmacy. He flnall:. admitted steal?
ing the articles and threw himself on
the mercy of the court. He was giv?
en an option on $15 or 3.0 days.
Paserby?Here, boy. your dog
has bitten me on the ankle. Dog
Owner?Well, that's as high as he
could reach. You wouldn't expect a
little pup like him to bite your neck,
would yer??Pearson's Weekly.
IT'S a good plan to visit
all the salesrooms avail?
able and not decide
which piano to buy un?
til you have seen them all.
We'll take our chance then
on you buying a
The best Piano to be
had for as little mon?
ey as a good Piano
can be sold.
Direct from maker to user,
without agent's or middle?
man's profits. Every cent of
the price you pay is ac?
counted for in the instru?
Chas. M. Stieff
Artistic Stieff, Shaw and
Stieff Self-Pia yer Pianos.
5 West Trade St.
CHARLOTTE, - - X. C.
C. II. Vllnioth,
(Mention this paper.)
DRY, VERY DRY!
Won't you come over to Sumter,
The dear old place has gone dry.
We'll give you pop corn and lemon?
But I'll be hanged if you can get
any rye; ?
Down through the alleys you'll wan?
And wish that you were never.,
And you will cuss like a sun-of-a-gun
When you have to drink blind tiger
"What can the consumer do?" in?
quires a Georgia paper. In a great
many instances we will have to do
PALL AND WINTER
THE SUMTER CLOTHING CO.
By virtue of the decree of the Court
of Common Pleas for Sumter County,
in the State of South Carolina, in the
case of Minnie McDowell, plaintiff,
against Lula Palmer Frank Walsh
and Ida Walsh, defendants, I will sell
at public outcry, to the highest bid?
der, at the Court House in the City of
Sumter, in the County and State
aforesaid, on Saleday in September,
1909. being the sixth day of said
month, during the legal hours of
sale, the following real estate, to wit:
All that tract of land in the City and
County of Sumter, adjoining lands of
Dicey Mickens. Durant, Betsy Wil?
liams, W. H. Price and Angeline Nel?
son and Minnie McDowell and being
all the real estate owned by Barte
mus Grant at the time of his death.
Terms of sale, cash. Purchaser to
pay for papeprs.
B. C. HAYNS WORTH,
We wish to notify our friends and
t.ht? public in general that we have
s?' vered our connection with Boyle
Live Stock Co. and will be found on
East Hampton avenue where we will
with Mr. S. M. Pierson engage in a
general Live Stock, Vehlds and
Farm Implement and Machinery bus?
.T. N. BROWN,
T. V. WALSH
roil BALE Seed rye and oats, will
have seed wheat, barley etc., later.
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., 8-2