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DECREASE OF SEVEN AND A
H\LF MILLION DRINKS IN
National i'tinlrnian Jones, <?f prohl
hRlon Psrty, Compile* Statistic*
Concerning the IV of Whiskey?
Aram era Texas Brewer*.
Drinkers In the United States, from
the chronic "souse" to thoee who oc?
casionally and lightly dally with the
foaming stein or tiro sparkling win"
glass, have "gone shy" seven and a
half bllllor drinks In the last two
years, according to statistics issued
yesterday from prohibition national
headquarters. In the same period
1.408.098 men who were wont to take
an average of four portions of grog
each day have become total abstain?
II the seven, and a half billion
drinks that were missed had gone
across the bar for consumption they
wosld have cost 9464.449.997.15 ol
the regular grogshop prices, while If,
they had bee a poured Into a tank ?
sufficient capacity would hate float* i
a fleet of battleships.
The statistics were compiled by Na?
tional Chairman Charles R. Jone
from an advance report of the Unit id
States Internal revenue bureau for
th. fiscal year 1909, and they wer
put forth as a counter to the asser?
tion of tho Texas Brewers' AssOOl
tlon that prohibition never prohibits
and that more liquor is sold In "dry'
than In "wet* territory. .
The assertions are contained in I
statement wb ch In part r*ads as fol?
"On the bads of the officltil rag iydg
Issued by tho Internal revenue ? de?
partment f a the tour tlscal year
Jnne SO. 1905. to June 30, 1909. th
astonishing fact develops that Um
liquor traffic during that time has
oome short of Its expected sales to an
estimated aggregate total of 389,
087.838.97 gallons of spirits' and fer?
"The liquor traffic has been In?
creasing its output by leaps and
bounds for the years up to 1907.
'On a bnaU of growth, conserva?
tively estimated at figures only equal
to the increase during the year 11>06
an4 1908, there would have been a
total expansion of liquor production
during the two years'from 1907 to
1V*9 of 800.(HQ.702.66 gallons of llq
u?<r. Did It happen? Well, hardly
so you weuid notice it As an actu ?!
fact, during those two years. InstcuA
of the gain above mentioned, which
might naturally have been expected,
there was an actual decrease of 80,
066.621 31 gallons,
"Of this enormoul shrinkage from
expected figures of increase of liquor
production, the whiskey total Is 37.
t!3.607' gallons, while the beer pro?
duction In the same time shows a net
shrinkage of not less than 351.204.
726.97 gallons from expected devel?
This thirty-seven odd million gal?
lons of whiskey means a l.otat of
1.894.ISO.?50 drinks of flre-wat r.
reckoning fifty to the gallon, a con
servative estimate, and 5.619,267.631
drinks of beer, reckonl c, every
schooner at half a pint. The cost of
these seven and a half billion drmks
of 'bapse.' reckoned at the current
market value, would have b>'en not
less than $164 449.997.15.
"This Is the sum the liquor trndle
two years ago might have expected
would i'i thmugh their tills In th.
twenf> four months which clos. &
June 3?. 1969. but of which, sad (?)
L to relate, they have never seen .>
' Isn't It about time for the brew?
ers' press agent and the whisk. >
scribe to take a vacation till further
"Putting aside for the moment the
startling totals of expected i icrea-e
In liquor production, which did nol
materialIze In the last two years, we
find an actual drop in liquor produc?
tion of 1908 and 190!? from the fig?
ures of 1907. of 14.657,329 gallons of
whiskey and 2.142.614 barrels of
beer. That Is, there was an aggre
Kttte drop in liquor production for
these two years of 2.045.9S7.H.N
drinks of distilled and fermented liq?
uor?* from the total for 1907.
"Beckoning that the average mod?
erate drinker buys four drinks a dey.
the agureg shea that th.ralvalenl
of 1,408,0^ nun no lonn'-r patronize
the saloons they did In the year
e.idlng June 3<?. Uj07."
I 'ui In? to" ? w ith the h-;tl t? < ;
gas stoves he g, inoceesfully tried
OOt by S tobacco company in D iyton.
Ohio, according to Popular Met batt?
les. Two stoves were pi teed in tight
|y ClOSSd sweating rooms with |,0I i
pounds of lehaccQi piled og km plat<
form?. F??r one week temp -ralur"
of 90 degrees was maintained steadi?
ly, the spf?llng '?f the tobacco keep
Ing it at a temp- ratui >t III de?
He?Marry?No! 1 propose to re?
main single. She?Isn't that a funny
reason fer proposing?Boston Tran?
WOMAN'S VANITY HI PERILS
Says Father J. J. Sullivan, of St.
Fouls?Slave** of Foolish Fashion.
"it's a farce, this highly educated,
screeching, childless and husband less
sisterhood. It might be a laughable
show were It not for the effect such
antics may have upon the young of
the present generation. Women don't
want higher educ ition or culture, if
we are to judge from the energy and
ambition of that body of them who
have wealth and leisure to enable them
to get It If they cared for It. They
do not exert them:-elves other than to
acquire a few charming superlatives
varied by an appropriate giggle or two
which equipment is sufficient to get
them along In polite society.
The finality of this conviction was
uttered with fervor by Father J. J.
Sullivan, S. J.. for nineteen years a
member of the faculty of St. Louh;
University, says a St. Louis dispatch
to the New York World. He has held
*he chair of philosophy and for many
years was dean of tbcolopy. <5n ac?
count of ill health he has been trans?
ferred i? Omaha.
Father Sullivan does not believe* In
higher education for women because
I hey have not shown themselves sufn
tentrjr desirous of acquiring it. "The
inordinate trivialities of femininity do
BOl point to a desire '.or mental de
elopement," he said, "and in losing
their reverence for older responsi?
bilities, In an attempt to overstep their
limitations these women have been
thrown upon a seat of vapidity and
"They like to be and are admired,
not for what is In them, but rather
for what is on them. As a woman Is
neither the mental nor physical equal
of man she will be compelled to suffer
when she shall have "taken from her
her only prop?masculine chivalry.
"What hinders women from attain?
ment of any intellectual desire? They
have every opportunity for becoming
cultivated. X' body has placed any re?
straint upon women exercising their
mental faculties to the fullest.
"If they wasted less time in frip?
pery and tinsel and gossip of modern
social functions they would have time
>n their hands to study all the 'ologlCS
and 'isms' in the university curricu?
I "Why has women permitted man to
place her in a position whicji obliges
her to consult external appearance In
a manner not demanded of man, thus
making her to be admired tor what
is on her and not what is in her? They
*lalk about the masculine tyranny. Is
It as galling and as uncomplimentary
as in their ready obedience to any
mandate that emanates from the Paris
m'lliner, who sends them forth with
an artistic collection of shrubbery
forming the headgear of modern
"They follow this Implacable despot
whh unseating doedty, whether ?he
? Uders a miniature waft?b or a pr >?
k*e milk pail. ,
"Love of admiration is no* ot itself
wr i g. but when th1'* nisll I fot prtilsc
is bnlscd u?.on a He ar.d becomes the
p?* hflj cause of count'e-j other lie*
wh< a It actually accompanies the sac
rillce of self-respect and principle,
then It becomes a vice, as In the case
?f current extravagance of the fein
*"Ihe growing discontent over what
women regard as their neglect, haa
pre?duced many asperities and such
bitterness on the part at the screech?
ing rtnd screaming sisterhood, who
display by their assert I venose a
?dr?nge lack of confidence in their
?than anil husbands.
"The moral condition of the race
dtpanda far more upon woman than
RBan Fy keeping up the standard
shei has everything to naln and by
lowering it everything to lose."
Aid Gl van Weak Schools.
Sbice the first of the month State
superintendent of Education Swear.
Ingen has paid out over $?,000 to the
?rani schools Of the State making ap
pl cation of the fund appropriated by
th ? Uegftllatnrc for that purpose. Ap?
proximately $7,000 was paid during
the spring. The Legislature appro?
priated $20.000 for aid to the weak
SCholll of the State, and there is only
about ll.ttO of this left for distribu?
tion There ate applications for over
Ig.ll l In the ofilci of Mr. Bwearlngen
t ? be acted upon. The amounts paid
out range from $10 to $100 to each
school, The counties in which the
ni'.d money has been distributed are:
Rorry, Baluda, Laureni and Plokens.
n e amount appropriated by ? he
Legltdatnre annually for the weak
.-??hods of the State is very small, and
;i is the hope of many thai the ap?
propriation will be Increaaed to at
le 1 t $10,000 at the next mi sslon of
Hi legislature, This WOUld mean a
Impromenf In the schools. A
?I itlon favoring the Increase of the
appi ?prlatlon was passed at the con?
venes of the county superintendents
ol e< ucatlon held in Bpartanburg sev*
si ?! weeks ago, and also at a meet
I Ing "f the school truateea of spartan
Band us your Job work.
NEGRO DOCTOR CONVICTED.
C. C. Johnson of Aikcu Sold ?'Dande?
lion, " an Intoxicating Medicine.
Aiken, Aug. 26.?C. C. Johnson, a
colored physician, was found guilty of
selling a medicine called "dandelion,"
which was alleged to contain suffi?
cient alcohol to produce intoxication.
Two white men testified that they
bought the medicine from Johnson
and that a small bottle of it, diluted
with a like amount of water, made
In sentencing, Mayor Salley said Ik
would take into consideration the
matter of reducing the fine or sus?
pending sentence entirely. Johnson
is one of Aiken's best citizens, and a
law-abiding man. He says he was
not aware of the fact that he was
violating any law. No defense was
made at all.
Mr. B. F. Yoakum, chairman of
the executive committee of the Rock
Island-Frisco lines of railroads, made
an address Tuesday to the Oklahoma
Farmers' Union at Shawnee, In which
many interesting facts and some
great truths were presented. While
the purpose of the addn ss WEI to
cultivate a closer feeling of friend?
ship for the railroads by the farm?
ers, and the various points were
chosen with that purpose In view,
some matters of political economy
were presented which are otherwise
worthy of the must careful considera?
Referring to the fast increasing
expenses of our government, and the
large share of these growing exp -S
which must be charged to the military
Olkd naval establishments, Mr. x*OH
"Our advocates of greater military
expenses tell us we are too great, too
rieh und too strong to fear any trou?
ble over government expenses, but
we are now running behind and not
?nly devisig new methods of taxa?
tion but are selling government bonds
to take care of the deficit. The
question Is not one of the future,
tut of the present. We are making
the initial mistake of older coun?
tries across the sea. The ex:ension
Of the grain and cotton fields of the
Mississippi Valley and of the West
are stronger military defenses than;
are the warships.
"Secretary of Agrlcultur-i Wilson
recently said that the most preening.
needs of the United States ar? a,
greater proportion of farmers and
more farming land in cultivation. We
would better spend more money we
burn up m p?wder in making new
farms. A 40-acre farm of irrigated
land will comfortably support a fam?
ily of five. It costs $55,000 to, make a
12-lne/h gun. The money that goes to
pay f<or this gun would reclaim 1,571
acres of land, providing homes fo>
196 people. When all #he gun.* on all
the battleships are shot one time, the
government blows off in noise and
smoke $150,000. This would reclaim
mot"i than 4,000 acres of land, giving
bounce to more than 500 farmers and
their families. The money consumed
in powder is lost to all future. The
farmer who buys the reclaimed land
must pay the government back in 10
yoars, so it does ^iot cost the govern?
ment anything to build up the coun?
try by helping the farmer. We should
make more homes and not so many
The world seems to have gone war
mad. Not that there are more wars
now than formerly, but in the prepa?
ration! that are made for war
'l'liis is an enormously expensive DUS'
Iness, just how expensive can be ap?
preciated by the fact that It costs
$5 5,000 to make one gun for one of
the big battleships, and \o fire each
of these guns only once in target prac?
tice necessitates the collection of
$150,000 in taxes from the people.
From the other so-called great
poweri this craze of preparing for.
war has communicated itself to our
government, and like the rest we are
fearfully Increasing the tax burdens
of lhe people to get money to \va4.'
in such preparations. One of the
great guns that costs $55,000 can
only be fired about 100 times bet?re
it becomes useless, and one of the
great battleships that costs six or
eight million dollars to build and
equip, will be useless in junk In ten
years, Then there will be nothing to
show for the money except the pover?
ty caused by the wasted expense.
Wealth is a stronger defense than
battleships and fortifications that,
prodigiously expensive to provide,
become obsolete in a few years. The
money expended by our government
for great battleships and strong for
\ ideations would, if expended for in?
ternal Improvement, Irrigation, drain?
age and the reclamation of otherwise
unproductive hinds, make our coun?
try much stronger,
"More homes and less lighting ma
chines," would be the best defensive
preparations our government could
make, Why should we yield to tin
erase which has seised the eountrlei
of the old world and ll driving them
I to bankruptcy?
The Strong Defenses.
Send us your job work.
HE HAD THREE KIDNEYS.
()p> ration in Boston Hospital Re?
veals Singular fact,
From a Howell (Me.) Dispatch.
George F. Randall, who drives one
of the public carriages, has just un?
dergone an operation in one of the
Poston hospitals which revealed a
singular malady. He was in poor
b .alth for more than a year, and the
trouble seemed to baffle the skill of
every physijian to whom he went,'
until at lift he was advisod to go to
The operation revealed the fact
that Mr. Randall had three kidneys,
to one of which was attached a large
tumor. The diseased kidney was re?
moved, the operation was successful,
and the patient expects to reach
home next week. A singular condi?
tion is that Mr. Randall was one of
twin brothers, and the brother, who
died when young, had but one kid?
Sleep Enough and Riches.
John Jacob Astor.
The man who makes it the habit
of his life to go to bed at 9 o'clock |
usually gets rich and is always relia?
ble. Of course, going to bed does not
make him rich?I merely mean that
such a man will in all probability be
up early in the morning and do a bit;
day's work, so his weary bones put
him* to bed early. Rogues do their
work at night. Honest men work by
day. It's all a matter of habit,
and good habits in America make
any man rich. Wealth is a result of
This is the seas >n for early fall
plowing. There are many acres of
land not occupied with crops of any
sort That land Vnight be plowed
with advantage in the next two
weeks. Some of it might not be ben
efitted. The object of plowing land
in the fall is to deepen the soil, turn
under vegetable matter and prepare
it either for small grain* or to take
the winter freezes preparatory to
next crop. There are fields with
weeds growing on them four to six
feet high. If they are dragged down
and the land turned and harrowed it
will be in good condition for oats or
wheat. Or it might be benefitted by
being turned and then let it lie all
winter. Th^re is some doubt about
that In this climate, where we have
the land rarely covered with snow for
a week. Where the snow lies on the
ground two to three months, fall
plowing is very helpful to land.
There is also land with very light
stubble on it. There is no use turn
ing such land. It should be broken
so that two or three inches oT the
clay would he touched up, but the
top soil and the light stubble should
not be turned to the bottom. It rr
uuir^a, best judgment to use turn
plows wisely. There is no use- turn?
ing land unless theie Is vegetable
matter to turn under and incorporate
with the freshly broken clay. When
the land is clean it needs no turning.
Plows that will break it about two
inches deeper than it was broken be?
fore and will pulverize and mix the
soil are needed. Occasionally farmers
have but two or three horses to a
turn plow and turned a thin soil six
to einht inches deep, hiding the top
s?>ii "beneath a coat of clay. Such a
ppeeevs renders the land less produc?
tive than it was before, unless it is
Very highly fertilized. Turn plows
may be used so that they will break
the subsoil but not bring it to the
top. That is edging up the furrows.
If that is done in the* early fall the
land may be benefitted. All clay lands
wilt remain in bett< r condition dur?
ing the winter if they are allowed to
stand till spring without plowing, un?
less there is a very heavy sod to turn
under. Turning up clay and exposing
it to the winter rains only hardens it
and does no good. Put in this turn?
ing of land the farmer needs brains.
What may suit his fields will not suit
his neighbor's. Every farmer should
also make experiments with his turn
plow. He might turn a part of a field
he expects to plant next spring and
leave another portion to be plowed
just before planting time and see
which was the better plan.
Mr. William M. Chandler ?>f South
Carolina, editor of the Panama Press,
met with a tragic death in Panama
Wednesday. He way killed by Gen.
H. (). Jeffries, w ho figured prominent?
ly in the Panamanian revolution. Mr
? 'handler's mother live- in Columbia
and his body will he brought there
lor burial. The dispatcher say that
he wa< killed on account of a publi
cation which is alleged to have re?
flected upon a sister-in-law of Jeffries.
He was knocked down and stunned
by the use of the butt Ol a revoher,
ami was then kicked violently.
Spartanburg, Aug. Complete
returns from the county show the de?
feat of the $400,000 bond issue for
good roads by a majority of '.is votes,
This plan has been defeated, but
the fight for ^ond roads has just be?
ALPS OF THE EQUATOR.
The Duke <>r the Ahruzzi's Explora?
tion Of (he "Mountain of the
Mr. Edward Wymper's narrativ
entitled "The Exploits of the Duke of
the Abruzzi" is continued in the Sep?
tember Wide World Magazine. In
this installment, Mr. Wymper takes
the reader from the Arctic regions to
the Equator, the oT>ject of the Duko
being to explore the "Mountains of
Schoolboys of the last generation,
says he, used to hear a good deal
about the "Mountains of the Moon."
This appellation has disappeared
from modern geographical text?
books, and is replaced by Ruwenzorl.
Ruwenzori was first seen in mod?
ern times by Stanley on May 2 4th,
1888. He recognized it as a single
snowy mountain rather than as a
range, and estimated its distance
from him to be seventy miles. On
March 17th, 1889, when about eighty
miles off, he considered that.it Whl
eighteen to nineteen thousand feet
high. He did not get to a considera?
ble elevation* but he rightly guessed
that the height of the highest peaks
was about sixteen thousand six hun?
dred feet. On June 15th Stanley saw
Ruwenzori again, and said it was
"one of the rarest sights in the world.
a bright vision of mountain
beauty and glory."
The Duke always takes an ade?
quate staff for the operations he pro
poaei to carry out. He believes in his
compatriots, and on this journey
Italians alone wore employed. In all
the party consisted of eleven persons.
< >n starting from Entebbe the cara?
van had grown to three hundred por?
ters and assistants. The march was
made in fifteen days. When about
live-sixths of it had been accomplish
ed they got their first view of Ruwen
sorl, still a long way off.
Bujongolo, twelve thousand fj>ur
hundred and sixty feet, was made
headquarters. Bujongolo was con?
veniently situated, but yielded rather
cold ouarters for the porters. This
had been foreseen, and llannels and
blankets were distributed among
them. "They had great difficulty in
putting them on, and their long and
ludicrous attempts generally resulted
in frantic efforts to squeeze their leg*
into the sleeves of the woolen vest.-.'
The temperatures experienced on
the summits of the Equatorial snow?
capped peaks were by no means se?
vere. They were seldom much be?
neath the freezing point. The lowest
(23.4 degrees F.) seems to have oc?
curred on June 18th. upon Peak Mar
gherka. *At Bujongolo it generally
fell to 33 or 34 degrees F. at night.
The frequent mists were a much
greater obstacle than the cold.
The ascents made in the* Ruwen?
zori range are not to be compared in
difficulty with the ascent of Mount
St. Elias. Bqth the peaks and their
glaciers are comparatively small
They presented few obstacles, and
their ascents might have been made
by less skillful mountaineers, but
what there is to admire in this Afri?
can campaign are the perfect man?
agement, the adoption of the i Ighf
means to attain the ends which wen
in vkW, and the completeness of the
manner in which the results were at?
tained. His Royal Hi^hn- ss showec1
once again that he is an excellent
mountaineer and organizer.
It is now the Duke's Intention to
scale th? Himalayas. He is still
young, having been born at Madrid
on January 25Uh. 1873, and s? ha*
only just entered bis thirty-seventh
\ear. On the "Roof of the World"
there is space enough for him to
i elipse his conquest of the ' Moun?
tains of the Moon."
Columbia, Aug. 25.?The compila?
tion of railroad assessments lor the
present year made recently by the
State board of railroad assessor
shows that the aggregate railroad
property in South Carolina is $41,962,
520, as compared with $41.882,382 fo:
the year 1908, an increase in valua?
tion of $7<?,iss. it was not expected
that there would be a larg< Increase
in the assessments tins year because
of the fact that railroads were very
big losers by the August floods oi' 190S
ami they have not fully recovered from
the effects of the Hood yet. in this
connection last year there was an ap?
peal made to the hoard ami the gen?
eral aasembly was informed of the
reasons lor the deductions In tin. as?
sessments of 1907 and 1908.
The report just compiled shows lie'
following facts as to the railroads oi
Total value 'of property, $4 1,925.
r.2<>; total value of tracks, $40,620,838;
miles of track, 8,200.8; value of de
pots, $582,044; value of wood and a ?
ter stations, $108,912; machine shops,
$30,200; value of station?r) engines,
$900; value <d tools and machinery,
$62,169; value of buildings, $262,501:
value of lots, $150,530; value of lands.
$124,826; total value all (terns save
Howard?He's eras) on the subject
of aerial navigation. Hattle A hal
loonatlc. New Milfod Gazette.
WILSON UNDER FIRE.
Secretary of Agriculture Intend*
Denver, Col., Aug. 24.?That the
adulteration of food will soon cease
in this country and that the Remse?
reform board, appointed at the in?
stance of President Roosevelt to in?
vestigate the use of benzoate as pre-*
servative would be sustained by his
department were assertions of Secre?
tary Wilson at the opening of the an?
nual convention of the Association of
State and National Food and Dairy
Secretary Wilson's remarks follow?
ed a bitter attack by J. Q. Emery of
Madison. Wis., president of the as?
Pointing his finger at Secretary
Wilson. Mr. Emery disputed the re?
port of the Remsen referee board that
benzoate had been found harmless
and then accused Secretary Wilson of
having urged President Roosevelt to
block a re-investigation of the sub?
"Let me say," declared Secretary
Wilson, jumping to his feet, "that fc
we had money enough in Washington
to employ Dr. Ira Remsen and the
other four chemists on his hoard, we
should try to get them into the de?
partment of agriculture. I have told
th-- president that we want the big
gesl men in the country in the de
partment. or the department will
cease to grow, and when it ceases to*
grow, I do not want anything more^to
do with it.
"I am glad to see you have invjte? f
Dr. Remsen and other members of
the board to appear before you. I
trust you will give them a fair hear
ing." I .
"Why shouldn't we give them a fair
hearing?" shouted Mr. Emery: "This
insinuation comes with poor graeer
from the secretary, when we recalF
that it was he who blocked our ic
quesl to have benzoate ?f soda re-i.i
Secretary Wilson, who described'
himself as "an interested spectator"
ami not a delegate, was invited to
speak by A. H. Jones, food comrais-'
doner of Illinois.
We in Illinois believe there is no
more faithful and useful servant of
the people than Mr. Wilson," declared]
Mr. Jones. "His efforts to drive
poisoned food out of the country havo
been a help to every State commis?
sioner in the Union."
In his address Secretary Wilson*
"From President Er.ery's report
you might infer we have done nothing",
down in Washington. We are endeav?
oring to operate the law with as lit?
tle friction as possible, showing leni?
ency where honest mistakes are made
We have instituted many criminal*
piosecutions and seized a great quan?
tity of impure stuffs. We h?*pe to have
our department cooperate with "the
various state departments. I am con?
vinced that it will be only a short
time before ' the adulteration 'of
foo ls in this country nUI cease alto?
The delegates from many states'
promised cooperation. it is expect?
ed the benzoate of soda question 'Ail'
come up again on Wednesday v. fu r'
Tour members of the Remsen board
A committee of 11. composed of ag?
ricultural college professors and State
food experts, will then submit a re?
port embodying the results of ?n in?
vestigation of the referee hoc .
It is expected that an ag cement
will be reached between the two
factions, one of which favors the
Idoptl >n of the federal law i.y the
Stated and the other of the frammg
a "model" state law, independent MS
the federal law.
Secretary Wilson defends the Kief
Tit for Tat.
An Irishman was'sitting in a depot
smoking When a woman came and.
sitting down beside him, remarked:
"Sir. if you were a gentleman yon
would not smoke here."
"Mum," he said: "If ye wuz a lad>
ye'd sit farther away."
Pretty soon the woman burst
"If you were my husband I'd give
"Well, mum." returned thi Irish?
man, as he puffed away at his pipe,
"if you will my wife I'd take it."?
Kansas City Independent,
It is stated that in the coifing UTS?
njnkml election in the city of Orange*
burg, a full prohibition ticket will h*.'
in the ti? Id. A. W. Summer. Esq -
who was county chairman ot the pne??
hibiuonhts ami managed the rvreirt.
successful campaign in that countv
against the dispensary, i<- being saoa>
en of for mayor.
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always bought