Newspaper Page Text
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER I, 1909.
Tt.s Sumter Watchman was found
ad la I860 aad the True Southron in
lit*. The Watchman and Southron
low hae the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and le manifestly ths best advertising
Ilium In Sumter.
liAW AS TO SIGNBOARDS.
Last Kaaalre? That All Public Bonds
shall Bo Pouted.
There has been some discussion In
several newspapers lately as to the
law requiring the public roads to be
posted with signboards at all forks
or crossings. The law Is very clear
but It 4? not generally enforced. Fol?
lowing is the law on the subject
"Sec. 448. Any person or persons
who shall cut down, burn or deface
any mile post or stone, erected by
the county commissioners or county
supervisor of any county, he, she or
fhey. dpon conviction thereof shall
forfeit sod pay the sum of ten dol?
lars, to be recovered by idlctment or
information before any court of com?
"Sec 447. If any person shall wil?
fully demolish, throw down, alter, or
deface any guide-post, every person
SO offending shall, upon conviction
thereof before any magistrate of the
proper county be fined In a sum of
not esceedin* ten dollar* and the cost
of seat, or be sentenced to labor on
the public works of the county for a
term of not saere than thirty days,
and the money when collected, ?hall
be by the magistrate collecting the
same, paid over to the county trees
"gee. 44$. The county board of
?oomsasssloners of any county neglect
tn? W cause 'the public highways In
their county to be posted and num?
bered and to have pointers erected at
each fork of said highways declaring
the direction of such highways shall
be liable to pay the sum or ten dollars
for each and every said neglect, to he
recovered by Indictment In the court
of general sessions of the county
within which the same occurs, to be
collected end paid to the treasurer of
tuch county for the use of the county.
Provided, That no county commis?
sioner Shall be liable to said'penalty
who eh ?n put said pointer at such
times sm he shall have his division of
The civil ooe'e of South Carolina
has also a section bearing upon this
which gives the county commissioner
authority to erect such sign boards
ant ch wge the cost to the county,
anil the neglect of thla can be con?
strued by ths public to mean. that
they are Indifferent to the conveni?
ence of the public. The section is ss
' Sac. 1.98T. Bach, road overseer
within his district may erect and keep
up, at the espense of the county, at
the forks and cress roads a post and
guide-board, or finger board, contain?
ing an inscription In legible letters,
directing the way and distance to
the town or towns, or public places,
situated on eech road respectively."
Canned More IVaehes Tills Season
TTmm Any Other tannery In
Mr. Frank Bouse, manager of the
Augusta I snning factory, reports thst
the fsctory la doing a most successful
business Since It has been stabllsh
ed a short while ago. the factory has
put up 146.OOS cans of fruits and veg?
etables. Of this amount 48.&00 cans
were of peachea. This Is believed
to be the record for peaches this year
for Georgia canneries.
A United states Inspector who re?
cently visited and inspected the plant
pronoun ! ,t the most up-to-date In
the State The factory is equipped
wlh the lateat machinery. One of the
machines being uaed haa been patent?
ed only ten months This Is a ma?
chine for sealing cans without \he
use of acid or aolder.
The potato ?eason will will open In
about thirty day a and the factory ex?
pects to can a great amount of them.
<? Augusta Herald.
"Spartanburg has voted down a
bond issue for good roads allowed its
note given the C, C. & O. railroad
to go to protest, seen Its police de?
partment disgraced, and permitted its
Chamber of commerce to die. It takes
a mighty good town to stand that
punching Hut it is nevertheless the
best yet in this part of the country."
The MeraM. from which this com?
ment is taken, neglected to include
Ita Ill-fated ball team.?Greenville
Mrs. Mary Sophia Fa rbanks.
daughter of Dr. Charles Cotton, who.
as a aurgeou on the Hornet, a United
States ahlp. in the war of 1S12. re?
ceived a testimonial from the ItritUh
government for gdg treatment of 31
English ambus after the battle be
Ifjggg the Hornet ami the British
sloop of war Peacock, died In Hrook ?
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of S unit er
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers* Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Unlen are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
. Members County Union will please
bear in mind the Sept. 3rd meeting at i
Oswego. I have a card from Dr. S.
C. Mitchell from Lake George. N. Y.,
promising to be with us that day to
deliver his lecture on "Community
Life.' I trust we will also have with
us President Perrltt, of the State
> E. W. DABBS.
Pres. Sumter County Union.
The Farmer Has Not Time to Solve
All the Problems Pressing for .solu?
tion, and the Idea of Sending Train?
ed Specialists to the Farm to Help
Him Is One of the Best Yet Put Into
The other day Dr. Hartman, from
the State Agricultural Department
dropped In to look us over, and be?
fore he went away he promised to
send Conover down.
I looked In the latest bulletin 10
get Conover located, and discovered
that Conover is the dairyman. The
doctor gave me several suggestions
as to whut might be done before Con?
over would be most properly due, and
when he left the place I got to think?
ing along a new line.
Xow. I never saw Conover. But I
can understand that what we want on
the farm Is Conover. and more of his
If Conover will not blush from be?
ing singled out as an illustration, it
is permissible to go on to say that he
represents one type, while we who are
on the farms stand for another. Con?
over l as been trained along-a special
line, with the benefits of the experi?
ence of other persons, and he knows.
Those of us who have been grubbing
along depending on our own limited j
experience, manage to pick up a lit?
tle practical knowledge, but it is lit?
tle and in thinly scattered over the
whole horizon of farm work.
How the Specialist Can Help the
It was a great Innovation when the
State and the United States set on
foot the custom of sending trained
men out to give the farmers practical
instruction right on the farm. A
thousand things arise every season to
perplex the farmer. He reads the
bulletins (although many do not read
them half as much as would be de?
sirable) and be gets theoretical ideas
of the subjects. But the trained man
gets at the meat of things.
Dr. Hartman leaned over the fence
looking at a sow. "Too short for a
good breeder," he said.
That is enough. But the average
farmer does not get that Into his head,
because he it familiar with the sow
from the time she was a little pig.
"When you build a silo, bevel the
Inside of your staves," a neighbor
suggested. That seemed wise.
"When you build a silo, don't bevel
the Inside of your staves, and the
hoops will craw the inside corners
tighter and make a better fit," said
We see these things when they are
poln'.ed out, but It is the trained spe
claliut who has them at his Anger
ends and can suggest them.
\\v Haven't the Time to Solve All Our
I have bought some machines that
Conover would hsvo told me not to
buy. I have bought some too small,
some generally no good, and some
that do not apply.
Conover, when he comes, will tell
me what is the matter with the field
that has too much clay, and what to
do with the one that has too much
sand. Conover knows. I will be too
old before I get this ail ciphered <>nt
by ilow am laborious experience.
Kxperlenc ?? Is a costly school, which
In this modem day few can afford t<?
patronize. Conover is learning from
the experience of skillful men whose
exp rlencc is specialized along defi?
nite lines. His mental action hits the
lost motion thrown out. What the
men about him do Is done with In?
telligent and definite alms In view.
His kind of people do not experiment
blindly, but from some intelligent
basis to start with.
Let Us Welcome the Help of the
I was candid enough to confess to
Dr. Hartman that ignorance Is the
long suit at our farm. We try this
and that and something else, but what
one short life provides time to try Is
only an Infinitesimal portion of what
we ought to know. We cannot on
the fcrm experiment to the same
profitable and satisfactory end that
men at the stations can, where all
instruments and all previous experi?
ments are available.
We need many fhtngg on the farms
of North Carolina and on the farms
of the whole United States, and prob?
ably nothing is more Imperatively
needed than more of Conover to help
us see things, and more of the farm
bulletins, to tell us what has been
done by others In digging out the sim?
ple facts of agricultural theory and
When I hear that a man from the
Experiment Station is heading my
way, he can be assured that the dog
will be promptly tied up and an ex?
tra handful of meal put into the
mush pot the minute he heaves in
sight.?Bion H. Butler in Progressive
THE FARMER WHO LOVES THE
The Possibilities of the South Yet Un?
realised by Southern People.
Messrs. Editors: How many things
there are to be seen from a car win?
dow that are of interest to the farm?
er. To one who loves his soil?as all
farmers should love the soil?will
come moments of discouragement as
his train rushes past abandoned hills
and galled hillsides. But directly
come into the picture a beautiful lit?
tle piece of grass and well-kept fields
of forage crops. ? The hills will be
clothed In living green and cattle will
be seen grazing there. A moment
I more and the white cottage will ap
) pear hovering at the foot of the hill,
and in that cottage lives a man that
we know loves his soil. With that
man lives a woman who loves him as
he loves her. They are living togeth?
er here in this little Eden as God or?
dained they should, loving their God,
their children, one another, and their
little piece of land; and as we pass
along we thank the Creator for giving
us this glimpse of this typical Amer?
ican farm home.
I am writing this as our train is
passing down out of the mountains of
Tennessee Into the rich Piedmont sec?
tion of Alabama where men have not
begun to realize what riches and hap?
piness await the farmer who will
plow and cultivate these deep, red
soils as he should, who will sow acres
and acres of cowpeas, clover, and al?
falfa, who will feed these rich legume
hays to good cattle and sheep, save
the manure carefully and apply to
other fields where he will plant king
corn. When the time comes that he
will do this, we shall hear less of
hard times (as we have heard many
times today) because of the crop far?
mer having to purchase dollar-and-a
quarter corn with which to feed his
mules while making the cotton crop.
?A. L. French in Progresssive Farm?
Making Pea Hay.
Let the peas grow till the pods turn
yellow, and then there is no hay more
easy to cure well than cowpeas, not?
withstanding all the talk about the
difficulty In curing them. They will
cure If you Just let thm, and do not
go to monkeying with all sorts of con?
trivances to spoil them.
1 had a letter today from a farmer
who said that lie would not have hat n
room for his pea crop and wanted to
know if they would keep well stacked.
He really answered Iiis own question,
as lie said that a neighbor had Stack?
ed some when well wilted and limp,
and they heated and Steamed, Hut to
his surprise, he found that they cured
perfectly. If he had opened the stacks
and tried to cool them off, he would. I
doubtless, have had modly hay.
Mow the peas in the morning, and. i
if possible, put a tedder behind the |
mower to keep them tossed up and
halten the wilting. Rake the morn- j
ing mowing into windrows that after- |
noon. Turn them the next morning
and let lie till afternoon while cutting
more. Cock them that afternoon, and
when the hay in the cocks can be
taken and twisted hard, and no sap
runs to the twist, haul them in. If
to go into stacks, make the stacks
well, and rake down the sides, but
cover the tops of the stacks with
straw or dry hay. This hay will cure,
even if the stacks heat. Put some
rails under the stacks to keep the hay
off the ground and prevent its absorb?
ing moisture from the ground, and
you have as good hay as in the barn.
FLY SCHEDULE MAY BE
Effort May be Made to That Effect?
Have Train Make Stop of an Hour
In Sumter to Make Connection With
Trains Into That Place.
That there may be a change in the
schedule of the Shoo Fly train on the
Atlantic Const Line which runs be?
tween Orangeburg and Florence is now
very likely. It Is believed that the
change which is contemplated will
mean much to the city of Orangeburg
and there will be an effort made to
have the change made.
As the schedule now stands, this
train leaves the city In the morning
a little before 8 o'clock, and returns
to the city a little after 10 o'clock.
The change which Is proposed, Is to
have the train leave the city in the
morning at 8 o'clock, and returning,
make a stop in Sumter of about an
hour, and reach this city a little later
than at present.
This change will mean more busi?
ness for the train, and also will mean
more convenience for people coming
Into this city, who are now forced to
spend the night In Sumter or Florence,
on account of the fact that the Shoo
Fly leaves those places too early for
them to make connection. By the
stop In Sumter of an hour, persons
coming into that place from Darllng
to, and from the Wilmington side,
who desire to come on to Orangeburg
will be given an opportunity to do so.
As It is now, they are forced to re?
main in Sumter or Florence until the
The schedule as It now stands is
all right, so far as the morning time
is concerned, but as the winter comes
on, it will be rather early to leave
the city, and the 8 o'clock schedule
for leaving this place will be more
There will be a little delay in the
arrival of the train in this city at
night, but tfltere be no kick on the
part of the crew as to this, as it is
stated that the road bed and rails
on this run are in excellent condition,
and that the hour delay in Sumter
could be cut down by half on the ar?
rival of the train here, as It Is bellev
ed that a half hour could be made
up in the run, making the train reach
here not more than 40 minutes later
than It does now.
At any rate there will be a trial to
have this change made, and it is be?
lieved that the officials will take some
consideration of the proposition.?Or?
angeburg News, Aug. 27.
Counterfeit vs. Genuine.
But the worst enemies of religion
are not those who turn away in dis?
gust from its perversions. "Not they
are profane who reject the gods of
the vulgar, but they who accept
them," says Lucretius. Yet it may
be partly a question of words, it will
not do to conclude that they hate
music. They may love it all too well
to listen. And, if I hold up some the?
ological daub, and tell them that It is
a portrait of Deity, will it be strange if
they take me at my word, and cry
out, "Then we are atheists?" Yet
when did men ever deny or doubt the
reality of the universe, merely because
science gave absurd of inadequate ex?
planations??Charles G. Ames.
In France a law has been passed
directing how aeroplanes shall dis?
play signal lights at night. That cer?
tainly looks as if aerial navigation had
passed the purely experimental stage.
Only one-fourth of the New York
soldier boys who fought in the mimic
war around Boston returned with
their commands. The rest were not
killed, but knocked out principally by
Let us hope than the census will
not be "kept out of politics" in the
same way that the tariff was "revised
downward."?Kansas City Star.
Don Jaime is described by a Paris
correspondent is a near-king. Is this
a tactful euphemism for "knave"??
Lou is vi lb- Courier-Journal.
Thasa foreign governments thai
want to borrow millions would be in
bard luck were there no J. P. Mor?
IM 1*1 tOV EM EXT ( ) P WATERWAYS.
Washington. Aug. 28.?Since the
passage of the tariff bill a tremen?
dous quickening of interest in
national needs is noticed and this in?
terest is not likely to wane as time
passes. Already there is noticeable
changes going on throughout the
country on the subject of Improving
the inland waters of the United States
and the utterances of those great
railway kings, Harriman, Hill, Yoa
kum and others, who state that the
railroads cannot transport more than
50 per cent of the freight at the time
it should be carried, has emphasized
the needs for a broad and compre?
hensive waterway policy on the part
of the Federal government, to the
end that the great natural thorough?
fares of the country may be made to
do their share of transportation.
A much greater interest Is
shown by Senators and Representa?
tives in Congress than ever before in
the subject of waterways and their
1 iprovement. Congressman Henry T.
Ralney of the Twentieth Illinois dis?
trict, is among the leaders of the
House to unreservedly favor a bond
fssue of liberal proportion to carry on
the work of improving the inland
waters and canals of continental
United States, one of the cardial
planks in the platform of the
National Rivers and Harbors Con?
gress, whose Sixth Annual Convention
in Washington next December, gives
promise of being the biggest water?
way Convention ever held.
"The Waterways of the country."
said Mr. Rainey today, "have fallen
into disuse for two reasons: First,
railroads have been Increasing their
carrying capacity, building larger
engines, building larger cars, laying
heavier rails, and double-tracking
their lines until now the limit of de?
velopment seems to have been reach?
ed. Nothing has been done for water?
ways while this remarkable railway
development has been in progress*
Rivers have not been dredged to any
considerable extent, the banks of
streams have not been regularized,
and as yet, no comprehensive system
of waterway development has been
entered upon. In the second place,
railways paralleling rivers and reach?
ing cities along our rivers have pur?
sued the policy of making cheaper
rates to river points, rates often as
cheap or cheaper than river steamers
of the present capacfty can make.
Railways have been carrying freight to
river points at a loss in order to de?
stroy river traffic, and have been com?
pelling inland towns and cities to
pay higher freight rates than they
ought to pay in order to make up for
loss. There has been for half a cen?
tury a fl?ht of the railroads against
the rivers, with no organizations until
a comparatively recent period fighting
for the rivers.
"There is only one way to meet the
situation and to restore to railroads
the competition they ought to have,
and that is by Improving our rivers,
connecting them where necessary with
artificial canals, depending upon the
electric lines reaching our rivers and
extending out now into the interior
of the country to furnish in connection
with the improved rivers, the compt
i it ion w hich a gigantic railway com?
bination must have. Improve our
riVCie and you will have furnished to
i-Vbty man a great free national high?
way upon which he can launch Mb
boat anc" carry his goods, free of all
charge, to the ocean highways of the
"The building of the Panama canti
meets with the approval of the coun?
try, and yet it will fail to accomplish
the results for wqiich it is Intended
unless we improve the 16,000 miles of
navigable rivers lying within our
mountain ranges; unless we improve
rivers and harbors between our moun?
tain ranges and the seas in order to
enable freights to be transported
cheaply from the interior to th"
world's ocean highways. The time, it
seems to me, is here when the coun?
try would approve a bond issue of
large size for the purpose of improv?
ing rivers on a comprehensive basis.
The development of the country now
depends upon it.
"By a majority of nearly 500,000
votes the State of Illinois has declared
itself for this proposition, and has
voted in favor of a bond issue of
twenty million dollars in aid of the
Lakes -to-the-Gulf-Deep Waterway.
The ?tate of New York has voted one
hundred and one million dollars In
bonds to deepen the Erie canal. The
waterway from the lakes to the gulf
is an Inter-state waterway. The
Ohio river Is an Inter-state waterway.
The Missouri, the Tennessee and the
Arkansas rivers are all great inter?
state waterways. The Atlantic Coast
Deep Waterway is an inter-state
scheme. Illinois and New York have
done their part towards creating effi?
cient waterways within their boun?
daries connecting our interior lakes
with the sea. The time has come for
the national government to Issue
bonds for the purpose of carrying on
the cieat work of river Improvement
and canal building upon which th
future prosperity of the country de
I Send us your Job work.
ALL EYES OX MAIIS NOW.
Siar Gazers Have Fine Chance To
Study the Planet.
(Special Dispatch to the Baltimore
Washington. Aiy?. 27.?Mars has
the centre of the stage just now. At
the Naval Observatory the big 26
inch equatorial telescope is turned ev?
ery night toward the eastern heavens
for a look at Mars, the most attrac?
tive planet for star gazers.
Mars is just%now on its closest visit
to earth since the early eighties. Once
every three years Mars swings into
what the astronomers call close prox?
imity to the earth, although on its
nearest visit it has been about 40,
000,000 miles away. About once ev?
ery 25 years Mars comes a few mil?
lion miles closer to the earth, prob?
ably to give terrestrial mortals a
chance to revive the mystery as to
whether the planet is inhabited by in?
telligent beings. Mars now rises above
the eastern horizon about 11 o'clock
every night at a point a little to the
north of east and at about midnight
becomes brilliant. Its size and red
color render it easily discernible to
the naked eye. It will grow brigh?
ter until about the last of September
and will grow dimmer until It gets
back to normal the early part of No?
The big 26-lnch equatorial telescope
has been for several nights past turn?
ed on Mars every evening and held
there until dawn. It was through this
same 26-inch equatorial, then the
largest lens in the world, that the
late Prof. Asaph Hall in 1877 discov?
ered the two liliputian satellites of
Mars. There is added interest because
Prof. Asaph Hall, Jr., son of the man
who discovered the Martian satellites.
Is now on duty at the observatory and
is looking through the same 26-inch
equatorial at the midgets which his
father was the first to find.
These satellites are very small. One
is 7 miles in diameter, the other 14
miles through its centre and the
smaller of the two is a chirpy little
fellow, who does considerable mara
thoning on his own hook, as he trav?
els around Mars once every 7 hours
and 30 minutes. Some of the scien?
tists have an idea that the Martians
are queer little individuals of the
Brownie type with cross eyes. Other
scientists, with a sense of humor, say
this may be true, as the swift and
continuous circuits made by the
smaller of the awo satellites must
keep the Martians spinning around
like tops and knock the spots out of
their eyes. On account of their small
size the satellites are not much larg?
er than pin-heads in the telescope,
and Professor Hall is making a spe?
cial study of the satellites rather than
of th? larger planet. Others, like Dr.
Perclval Lowell, the most eminent
upholder of the theory that Mars is
inhabited, are directing their atten?
tion to the Martian canals and other
markings of the planet, which they
are inclined to believe indicates the
existence of life there.
Rising at 11 o'clock Mars passes
across the heavens and sinks in the
west after the sun rises. Its moment
of rising is several minutes later ev?
ery evening, and Professor Hall
spends every clear night at the eye?
piece of his telescope pursuing his
observations, his assistants being
Messrs. Epps and Friedrichsen, of the
observatory force. They work all
night and sleep in the daytime.
The work of installing the water?
works system at Bambe g Is being
pushed rapidly this week. Some ma?
terial has been delayed and has just
arrived. It is expected that the work
on Main street will be completed in a
short while. Arrangements will be
made, probably this week, so that the
entire business portion of the town
will be protected from fire, although
the hydrants have not been placed as
I yet. A 75,000 gallon tank will be
erected at the power house and this,
together with the additional water
which will be available, will give a
good part of the town ample fire pro?
Some of the newspapers are very
much concerned about the precedent
which Mr. Taft will establish when he
crosses the national border line and
sets foot upon Mexican soil. There
is at least an unwritten law to the
effect that the president during his
term of office must not go beyond the
national boundaries. But we beg to
call the attention of the craft to the
fact that Mr. Roosevelt visited Pana?
ma during his administration. True, he
sailed on an iron-clad which flew the
national colors and to this extent was
constructively on home ground, but the
evasion was duobtless one which the
fathers little contemplated.?Atlanta
A lawsuit over Hying machine pa?
tents may be regarded as conclusive
proof that aviation is a practical
pr< position.?Washington Star.
They are planning to ship 25,000
car loatis of oranges out of Florida
this year. None of thte spokesmen
j toi that State is looking for an early
; t n si. Brooklyn Eagle.