Newspaper Page Text
AffiM* biggins railroad w ar.
Cnl? K^rord-Herald Will Say
t* re??t Northern Magnto Initiate*
KlgtH AgaloHi Other UbM
Chi 11; >. Aug. 31.?The railroad
running time from Chicago to Seattle
will l*c reduced to 62 hours?16 hours
below the prenent schedule?as the
first nrtov In a war declared upon all
other Western and Northwestern
road* by James J. Hill of the Great
Northern, according to a story. The
Reo?rd Herald will print tomorrow
Rl'iuh\<. good roads.
a New York Paper Sees the In
ser-Jatate Good Roads' Movement.
Four newspapers, In New York.
Morton. Richmond and Atlanta
bave fgr some months been scream?
ing themselves black In the face over
* good* roads' movement throughout
the Mouth with special reference to
a hlghwny from New York to Atlanta
for automobile. . They have been
largely surrendered to long and en
thu-risMic accounts of the more or
lans Impracticable roadways and the
alleged ecstasies of the natives over
prospect of an early betterment,
try where the "special commission?
er "staff correspondents." or
itevr the newspapers please to
ineir respective Wandering Wil?
llea, h.tve been received by country
eaayio leading tradesmen, and so
On. Farmers have "spelled" their
^earns and looked over fences and
cheered on general principles. At last
the readers of the newspapers In ques?
tion k?? ?w what tbe residents or the
wo? sections In question have
fcnowi n|| the time, that Southern
roads ere not as a rule adapted to
toarM automobiles from the North,
and the hullabaloo Is gradually slm
?ranwhile a vast froth and scum
lens Veen brought to the surface along
the Maea that have been explored,
"leading cltlsens" are writing to the
four newspapers to say that they are
?heart a*id soul for good roads, and
-wills.** eaVials are slowly setting up
for the chicken and buttermilk
that have be**!) consumed in the ex
anaae*) Letters come from Hnekle*
> l?.n<l liog Wallow. Squirrel
<rt. ? . i?> say that the writers are
trem -ndously worked up over good
and ready to stancUby and see
( ? instructed at any cost to some
else. .With one voice they bid
# ? <'builders godspeed, and th*n
Set b?*k to their corn pone and yel
r losawl ? *<ed chicken with a iOse of
h*vtat: ?cted very handsomely and
11 b^rsHy toward a projected improve
?sent 4n their neighborhood. Nothing
rid ho more encouraging than the
ibltc sentiment that has been work
i at* over the feaets#of watermelon
eear beer that have blossomed
the routes pursued by those ar
pioneers. Bverybody in the dis
Bf ready for good roads. Every
4? waiting for the good work to
Mow that the Junketing and the
Jobllstina are over, however, who is
a tenet ie build the roads? There has
keen s whole, flood of talk and an air
fall of in?'-?changing compliment and
?ovine gestieulation. but what Indlvid
(** what community In the South
going; down into the pocket to inau
e the much lauded enterprise?
la in m1> all Southern neighborhoods
the roads) are very bad for automo?
bilen, l?*d #ven for the local traffic,
not One-beef as good as they ought to
as*, anyhow; but everywhere they are
en th ? people desire or deserve. If
tl.e roods around charlotte and
gtsnni o or around Leesburg and
WlnvbcMi-r are comparatively excel?
lent it is because the taxpayers of
ffcou vi tnitle* will have them so and
?re th ?ir profit in It. If they are bad
alsewh'M'- it is because the property
re do not see any money in mak
th *m bitter. Who expects them
rise ap ss one man all along the
t f< mi Mew York to Jacksonville.
A4Js?*!>t. sgree upoe a continuous
oaee ? ? a Incurious highway and
'Hi their dollars for Its constrdc
i? ihe thing Is not done in this
ahloe. -tver? la it to be done and who
IoImi: i ? do It?
Brcer, s corporal's guard of \a
t reporters go bustling about the
dilating on the advantages to
?dy a a flrst-class highway to
far >?outh. are the Joskinses of
nU. the Carolinas, Georgia and
Ig turn out and pave the way
for i'jf renOfl from unknown lands?
It ?e#*m? to ha on the contrary, that
the s*'*i- these dying prophets talk
ot the lotomoblles to come the
ih i Joskinses will keep their
peeked* buttoned and let the automo?
biles end ihelr various occupants stay
at bot?. New York Sun.
Mr Tsft may succeed In ending
lHe gpnOtkM of putting things Into a
party minify in merely because they
read welt. Washington Star.
i las so in. lot's see?who's getting
SfS.ati'i.ftOO a day that was being
the discussion of the tar
? I tfennapolis News.
IIARRIMAN RELIEVES ANXIETY.
iHMiief? Statement. Declaring He Is
Merely Taking Rout Cure AH Hight.
Ami In Following Physicians' First
Arden. N. Y., Aug. 30.?Edward H.
Harriinan, urged by weary represen?
tatives of the press who have camp?
ed about his mountain home since
Wednesday last, came out today with
a statement that he was all right.
Though brief, the statemnt is
straightforward and explicit.
The message was so characteristic
of Mr. Harrlman's affable attitude to
newspaper representatives, an atti?
tude which was marked when he un?
derwent the strain of a lengthy Inter?
view on the day of his return, that
most of the men who have been here
during the scare over his Illness re?
turned to New York tonight, relying
on his word.
Mr. Harrlman's statement is as fol?
"I am pursuing the course laid out
before I went abroad and advised oy
the physicians. I intended taking a
rest as soon as my responsibilities
would permit. My treatment abroad
reduced my strength and vitality and
weakened my digestion. The most ex?
pert physician In Munich advised me
to have an examination by surgeons
its a matter of precaution. This has
been done very carefully by Drs.
Brewer and Crile in conjunction with
Dr. Walter James and Dr. Lyle ?nd
che whole result is that they find
nothing serious and renew the advice
previously obtained that I should have
rest and not see many people at one
time, and this I am trying to do.
"This covers the whole case and
later on If the representatives of the
press desire and there is any purpose
to be accomplished, I will see them
up here; but now I ask that the
surveillance of the operations of my
home be withdrawn, not so much on
account of my family or myself, but
that the coming and going of my
friends may not be Interfered with.
I appreciate the interest shown in my
welfare by the press and by my
friends In all sections and perhaps by
some others. If there was or should
be anything serious I will let the
press know, and as I have never de?
rived them, I ask that the press now
a Ithdraw its representatives and rely
Dont' Plow Under Good Hay.
Someone asks: "Will it not im?
prove the land more to plow under
the legume crops Instead of making
bay of them0' Certainly it will get
the humus making material theft
piite rapidly by using them as man?
ure direct, and this might be done by
\ man rich enough to be careless as
to the cost of the Improvement of his
?toll. But the poor man of all others,
should endeavor to make the farm
pay for Its Improvement. He has got?
ten, we will say, a crop of peavlnes
>n his land that will make two tons
>f hay per acre. These two tons will
be worth $20 as food for stock, and
if fed to stock and the droppings
saved carefully and applied to the
land that grew the peas, he can get
fully 80 per cent of the manurlal value
f the crop back on the land in a
more available shape, and In a form
that will give more profit, while In?
creasing the humus In the soil, than
If the whole had been buried, and can
make a prof* from the 20 per cent
used for the cattle. It is the poor
man, of all others, who should farm
economically. He must adopt the
very reverse of the plan that gradual
'y made his land poor, and must grad
lally make it productive by patiently
working in a rotation that will give
him an abundance of forage from le
s'ume crops that will enable him to
forever abandon the buying of nitro?
gen in any form.?Progressive Farm?
CANAL ZONE SHAKEN.
Earthquake Experienced on the Isth?
mus of Panama.
Panama. August 30.?The Isthmus
of Panama experienced an earth?
quake shock this morning, extending
over a large extent of territory. No
damage was done, however, nor it is
believed that the canal has been af?
fected In any way. Lieut. Col. O. W.
(joethals gave out the following stae
ment this evening:
"The seismographs on the Isthmus
at 8 o'clock this morning recorded
earth movements at various stations
across the Isthmus, however, they
were not sufficiently severe to be gen?
erally felt nor to have any Injurious
eltects on any of the canal work now
In execution or In prospect."
Argument for Prohibition?
Columbia, August 30.?The local
prohibitionists think they have an
eloquent argument in the Recorder's
Court record this morning. There
were thirty-three cases on the dock?
et, the heaviest docket this year. The
lines aggregated $||0, Eight of the
cases directly charged drunkenness
and there were eight more disorderly
cases grcwing out of the use of liq?
RAISING SQUABS FOR MARKET.
20,000 Pigeons On One Pennsylvania
When immense flocks of wild pig?
eons abounded in the American forests
of a century or two ago it was per?
haps no unusual thing to see 20,000
of these birds gathered together. But
such a sight is rare today. Indeed
there is probably but one place in the
entire United States where so large a
flock of pigeons can be found, and
that is on a pigeon farm near the lit?
tle town of North Wales, in South?
The birds are housed in a series of
large, airy buildings and provided
with clean and comfortable nests, an
abundance of choice food and a suffi?
cient screened outdoor space wherein
to exercise their wings. All day long
the gentle cooing of the thousands of
birds gives musical proof of their con?
tentment. In return for their board
and lodgings they are expected to
hatch out as many squabs as possible
and rear them until they are fit for
the market. From this farm is ob?
tained the greater proportion of the
squabs that go to the markets of New
York, Philadelphia and the various
wdnter and summer resorts of the
Pigeon raising, says E. C. Cum
minus, the man who founded and de?
veloped this farm, is more profitable
and less vexatious than poultry rais?
ing, provided the man who undertakes
it thoroughly understands the habits
and the needs of pigeons.
Almost every one knows something
about raising chickens, or thinks he
does, and four town dwellers out of
five like to dream of a time in the
future when they may own little
places out in the country and raise
chickens and supply eggs for the city
markets. But pigeon raising on a
large scale and solely for profit has
been undertaken in few instances thus
far, notwithstanding the high prices
which squabs command.
To begin, no incubators are required
In raising pigeons, an I thus an impor- J
tant item of expense necessary to the
poultry farm is saved. Pigeons are
remarkable for their monogamous
habits, and when once the cock and
the hen are suitably mated they re?
main firmly attached to each other.
Botii assume equal shares in the du?
ties of their household, including the
Incubation of the eggs and the care of
the young. However, the matter of
mating must be well studied to avoid
losses, for In a mismated or ill-assort?
ed pen the cocks, unlike the prover?
bial dove of peace, are likely to create
havoc, destroying squabs and eggs in
fighting for the possession of nests.
At the Cunnnings farm all is harmony,
for only well-mated birdB are Intro?
duced in the pens.
As each pair of pigeons rear six or
seven pairs of squabs in a year and
as the wholesale price of squabs is
from $3 to $6 a dozen it is apparent
that there is opportunity for consider?
able profit on a farm where 10,000
pairs of pigeons are expected to de?
vote themselves solely to the breeding
The squabs are naked and helpless
little creatures and require careful
attention. Almost Invariably there
are just two in a nest. Their method
of feeding is unique. The squab in?
serts its beak Into that of either of the
parent birds and from the lining of
the parent's crop the squab obtains a
creamy secretion. After few days the
food that the parents have consumed
is mingled with this secretion, and
thus nourishment is provided for the
little one for about nine days. When
they are 20 to 25 days old they are
ready for market.
To reduce the death rate of squabs
to a minimum is the chief concern of
the pigeon farmer. On the Cummlngs
farm success has been attained
through proper construction of build?
ings and strict cleanliness. The roofs
are impervious to rain and snow, but
there is abundant ventilation. Con?
crete floors keep out rats, a particu?
larly voracious foe of squabs. The
floors are covered with a thin layer
of sand and air-slaked lime, and once
a week this is raked. The buildings
are divided into pens 8 by 16 feet In
dimensions. Compartments for nests
are built in six tiers, giving each pair
of birds two nests, and at the weekly
cleaning air-slaked lime is sprinkled
into the nests. In every pen is a
quantity of tobacco stems, refuse from
cigar factories, and with these the
birds construct their nests. The tobac?
co stems keep away vermin, which
would abound if hay or straw were
utilized in the nests.
Plenty of clean bathing water Is
supplied. In winter a hot-water heat?
ing system maintains an even tem?
perature in the building, saving many
a squab that otherwise would perish
from the cold. But at feeding time
all the windows are opened, no mat
ter h.oW cold or wet the weather. For
a "fly" there is a yard running the
length of each building and enclosed
With wire netting at the sides and top.
Fifty cubic feet of space being allow?
ed for SAOh pair of birds.
With such care it is but natural that
the pigeons should thrive and rear
large and healthy squabs. The few
birds that succumb to sickness are re
moved to a special hospital building
Mr. Cummings began to experiment
with pigeons seven years ago, starting
with 200 pairs of bffds on his farm,
about a mile south of North Wales, in
Montgomery County. Since then he
has enlarged his plant from year to
year, until at present six commodious
buildings arc in use. The largest and
newest of these, erected at a cost of
$6,700, Is 536 fet long, 16 feet wide
and two stories high, and in it 7,000
birds are housed. On the farm of 72
acres all the feed required for the
birds is grown.
Speaking of the feeding of pigeons.
Mr. Cummings says that if common
sense is used It is not nearly so im?
portant what is fed as how and when.
The proportions on his farm in win?
ter are about as follows: Corn, 40
per cent.; wheat, 15 per cent.; Kaffir
corn, 10 per cent.; screenings, 10 per
cent.; hemp, 5 per cent.; rape and
millet seed, 5 per cent. In summer
less corn Is fed, but more peas and
wheat, together with hulled oats.
Green growing things are not neces?
sary for pigeons, though they eat the
blades of grass growing in the
As to the "how and when" of feed?
ing Mr. Cummings says:
"The object of proper feeding is to
keep the old birds healthy, not too
fat and lazy, and to produce large, fat
squabs. We feed by hand three times
a day, except July and August, when
two feedings are made to suffice. Each
pen is visited three or four times at
each feeding or as many times as the
birds show a disposition for more. In
this way they get just what they will
consume and no more; consequently
they will be hungry for the next meal.
Thus, the birds knowing that more is
coming do not fail to feed their
Of the many varieties of pigeons
r. Cummings confines himself to
homers, dragoons, runts and their
crosses. Homers crossed with drag?
oons or show homers produce the
most desirable squabs as to numbers
and quality, weighing about eight
pounds to the dozen; though a runt
homer cross results in squabs weigh?
ing a pound ??ach. The runt, contrary
to what its name suggests, is giant
pigeon and some of the runt cocks on
the Cummings farm measure more
than yard across the wings.
Mr. Cummings estimates that the
cost of feeding a pair of pigeons is $1
a year, while other expenses of run?
ning the plant average 55 cents a
pair. Each pair produces five to sev?
en pairs of squabs for the market
yearly, the wholesale price of which
varies from $3 in summer to $6 in
winter. Expressage, commissions, ice
and boxing material also add to the
expense, but the profits have been
large enough to encourage Mr. Cum?
mings to continue expanding with the
hope of eventually having 100,000 pig?
eons on his farm.
THREE ESSENTIALS IN DRESS.
The Science of Line, Color and Ma?
terial Most Re Mastered in Design?
Dress is no occult science, after all,
but a subject that has its own laws,
principles and methods that any one
can grasp who is willing to take the
trouble, says Mrs. Simcox in The De?
lineator. It is all a matter of line,
color and materials. I hardly know
which women find most difficult to
When I see a tall, lank, bony wo?
man, straight as a pole and Infinitely
less graceful, in a close-fitting princess
dress of zebra stripes nobly augment?
ed at every seam by long rows of
buttons. I am perfectly sure that the
question of line Is the insurmountable
difficulty. You've seen it often, haven't
you? The Empire dress on the wo?
man who is absolutely square from
her square-toed shoes, square-cut fig?
ure to her square shoulders and square
face; the peach-basket hat on the
woman with the one-inch neck; the
Dutch collar and the accordion-plait?
ed chin of the ingenue of forty?oh,
there are dozens of them that you can
think of right away, the dreadful
things that would be funny if they
were not so pathetic.
I should love to put all those wo?
men in a row and tell each of them
Just what her trouble is?she prob?
ably wouldn't believe me, though, and
I'd just be unpopular. For the diffi?
culty is they all think they know.
There is a subtle psychological process
by which any woman can convince
herself that the thing she wants is
the one thing in the world she should
wear. There may be no connection
in the world between the two, but you
can't make her see it.
Special Judge Appointed.
Columbia. Aug. 30.?Governor An?
sel today appointed Attorney W. B.
('?ruber, of the Colleton Bar, to pre?
side over the special term of court
of Common pleas at Barnwell, be?
ginning on October 4.. The jtppolnt
ment was made upon the recommen?
dation of Chi<f Justice Jones. The
special term was arranged for at the
request of the majority of the Barn
TBRKIBLB SIX)KM IN LANCAS?
Horse. Three Ifulea and Dog Killed,
and While Child and Negress Shock?
Lancaster. August 30.?The terrifh
storm of rain, thunder, and lightning,
which swept over this section last
night, was particularly seve re in Plat
Creek Township. At Taxahaw a horse;
and two mules were killed by light?
ning on the grounds of the Baptist
church) just as services in the build?
ing were cemcluded. A mule in a
stable near by was also killed. A ne?
gro woman staneling in a door was
knejeked down and rentlered uncon?
scious fe>r some time. In the same
township, near Union church, the
dwelling of Mr. James Hinson was
struck by an electric bedt, severely
shocking one of his children and kill?
ing his dog on the piazza. Near Pleas?
ant Hill the residence of Mr. Cole was
struck and badly damaged, but no
Saving the Whole Corn Crop.
There are but two methods of har
vesting the corn crop in common use
by which the whole plant is saved and
used fe>r feed. The better one of these
's to put the crop when mature, but
while it still cemtains much of its
natural moisture, into a silo. Of
this method we shall say nothing fur?
ther in this article, simply because we
have already discussed it in previous
articles, and few of our readers are
prepared to save any part of their
corn crop in that way.
When the corn is cut near the
ground, and the entire plant cured in
the shock, the state of maturity of
the crop at the time this is done is
an imporant consideration.
At the time the fodder or leaves are
usually pulled, throughout the South,
there Is probably more feed value in
the stover than at any other time.
On the other hand, the ears probably
do not have their highest feeding
value until the leaves have all become
dry and ihe shucks and a large part
of the stalk are also brown. It, there?
fore, follows that, if the stover alone
were to be considered, the corn
should be cut at the earlier stage of
development, and if the ars alone are
to be saved, the corn should be cut
at the later stage; but if both are to
be saved, and the entire plant utilized
for feed a period about midway be?
tween the two stages, or condition.
stated should be selected for cutting
and shocking the crop. By careful
tests and analy???? this has been foun 1
to be the time when there is greatest
feeding value in the corn plant tuk n
as a who]
Many of iho.se a/ho have had their
corn fail to cure satisfactorily in the
shock should unquestionably attribute
their failure to the mistake of cutting
the corn when too green.
The method of cutting the corn
v/hich will be found most profitable
and practicable will depend on the
supply of labor, the freedom of the
fields from stumps and other obstruc?
tions, and the size of the crop. When
the crop is larger or labor less abun?
dant, some of the cheaper "sled"' corn
harvesters or cutters may be employ?
ed, and when still more work is to be
done, and the fields are in suitable
condition, some one of the larger and
more expensive corn harvesters may
be economically U3ed. A corn har?
vester could easily do the work re?
quired on several small farms and
joint ownership and co-operation in
harvesting the corn crops would, in
such case, prove valuable.?Progres
Minister's Widow Kills Herself.
Spartanburg, Aug. 30.?At her home
at Campobello this morning Mrs.
J. K. Fant, widow of the late Rev. J.
K. Fant, a Baptist minister, com?
mitted suicide by drinking an ounce
of carbolic acid. She has been in ill
health for a long time and despon?
dency over her condition is assign?
ed as the reason for her act.
Climbs to His Death on Power Line
Charlotte. N. C, Aug. 30.?Harvey
Ritchie, 20 years old, climbed into
one of the big transmission towers of
the Southern Power Company at Al
bemarle, Stanley county, this after?
noon to ascertain if he could get a
shock by touching the wire. As the
youth touched the deadly wires, his
feet burst from the terrific current
that entered his body and he drop?
ped to the ground, dead. The tower
is one of the series of steel structures
employed by the Southern Power
Company to transmit electrical energy
from ihe Catawba river stations in
this county to the mills of the Pied
mort section, and the wires carry
Fight Drunks for First Day in Cam
Camden, Aug. 30.?Today being
circuus day and first whole day dis
pensary was opened there were eight,
arrests for drunkenness up to 6
o'clock. The re was only one arrest
for drunkenness during the dry spell.
MANUFACTURE OF COTTON SEED.
!n u restimr Process in Obtaining Oil
Although the manufacture of pro?
ducts from cotton is now ona of the
Youth's biggest industries, very few
people, even those who deal with the
staple itself, have any idea of the
method used in treating the seed for
'he extraction of the valuable by?
products. The work done in the mills
is of especial interest in South Caro?
lina, which contains a number of
plants, several of them being recently
chartered by the secretary of state.
In Columbia, Charleston and several
other towns of the State the cotton
seed mills are one of the giant indus?
tries in the commercial life of the
In brief the process used in the
mills is as follows:
As the seed are received they are
placed in a large central room. Here
they are put on an endless conveyor
which carries them to the linters. The
lint that covers the seed after the
ginning is removed. There are abou.
47 pounds of this lint to a ton of good
seed. Even this by-product?the Un?
ter?is now used for making cotton
batting, mattresses, etc.
After the seed pass through the
linting machines they are conveyed to
the crushers. The kernel of the seed
is mechanically taken out and the
halls are carried one way and the
meaty little kernel another. The hulls
are used as a forage feed for cows
Following the kernel of the seed,
they will be found in a sort of roller
mill machine?similar to a wheat
flour roller. Then they are gejt into
a steamer and cooker thoroughly.
From the cooker they are put?a lit?
tle at a time?lnt<. a powerful pres.*.
The oil is thus pressed out through a
thick cloth mad. ol camel's hair and
the hard cake is >
I The oil is put Into largi tankb and
the cakes are ground up into the yei
low meal or shipped in cakes for feed.
The refined oils are used for cook?
ing purposes and soaps are made
from the dross taken from the re?
That incident over in Spartanburg
the other night involving the capture
of a policeman in the act of robbing
a cash drawer, and the subsequent re?
lease of the policeman who was cap?
tured, is the sensation of the week in
tb*? State, an* tr"? r'r^umstnices are
now n ;eiving m??re careful .*nd thor?
ough consideration. There is a gnod
deal involved In the matter, and it
does not look as if it should be drop?
ped all at once. Of course, there is
nothing unusual In the robbing of
cash drawers. There is nothing un?
usual in the possession by thieves of
false keys to stores; there is nothing
abolutely new In the foisting of such
a theft as this on a /policeman, there
is certainly nothing new in the action
of the mayor of the city and the man
who was the loser by the theft In al?
lowing this man to escape. On the
contrary, this last fetaure of the affair
has grown too common, and as we
see it, it is the ugliest thing connect?
ed with the whole business. Just
what might have been the motives of
Mayor Floyd and Mr. Dupre in allow?
ing Mulligan to go his way without
arrest, we do not know; but we feel
sure that their motives cannot be de?
fended from any standpoint that is
consistent with their respective du?
ties as an officer or a citizen. This
theft, if theft it was. was not a crime
alone against Mr. Dupre. It was a
crime against the people of Spartan?
burg and the State of South Carolina,
and it looks to us thai when this man
was allowed to go free, there was an?
other offense against the people of
Spartanburg and the State of South
Carolina. Something has been said
about the unfortunate family of the
policeman; but we are unable to see
the application. It is a common thing
for offenders against the laws to have
families; but surely we are not to as?
sume that they are to go unpunished
on that account. For any humiliation
that the family may have suffered this
offender alone is responsible, and
the fact that he has been allowed to
escape, does not relieve that humilia?
tion to the slightest extent. As we
see it, the mayor of the city had no
right whatever to let this man go free.
On the contrary, in doing so he vio?
lated his plain duty and his oath of
office. The whole incident points very
clearly to the conclusion that if we
are to have safety for life and prop?
erty in this country, we must enforce
the laws, and if we do not look more
carefully after the manner in which
those who are vested with authority
discharge their respective duties, our
laws are in danger of becoming null
and void. When that time comes
thieves will not have to wait until
night to steal from stores. They will
do their work open and above board,
I In broad daylight?Yorkvflte En
Mrs. Fixem?I don't see what you
men find In your club. Mr. Fixem?
It's what we don't find.?Ally Slop