Newspaper Page Text
*% ^?tcjjmaK aito Soutbron.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In 1i60 and the True Southron In
litt. The Watchman and Southron
row ha? the combined circulation and
Influent.** of both of the old papers,
nad Is manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
SUPREMACY OF SEAS.
l ord < ?tsrloM Beeeefortl Declare* Brit?
ain Musi Awake to Importance of
TOr.tnt ?. Ont., Aug. 31.?After
pressing the button which set In mo?
tion all the machinery of the Cana?
dian ?>. ttlonal exposition in Montreal
and declaring the great fair open.
Lord Charles Beresford was tendered
a hin< *eon by the directors today.
bard Charles said:
"It ?* earnestly to be hoped that the
result of the Imperial conference will
be found In deeds, not words. Whilst
we I.mvc been talking other people
have k een acting.
"Ou? supremacy at sea has been
threatened in language that is unmis?
takable m * the near future that
threat may become a reality. It is
c ur bmUnee.* as an empire to see that
cur proportion Is not jeopardised in
t ny wsy.
"A successful attack on the trade
route would parallse the trade of the
Dominion, as well as that of Great
It therefore becomes a matter of
hfe or death to the British empire
i enisle* supreme at sea. Any attempt
to wrest that superiority from us must
be met by a steady, reasoned and de?
termined effort on our part to defend
ivhat we hold. Command of the sea
Ii a necessity for our existence as an
mTUMKIilj TO WEAK STRIFES.
of Georgia Refuses to Com
ennte Hla Sentence,
Atlanta. Qa.. Sept. 1.?Governor
Mrowti Ihts afternoon announced that
is would not approve the recommen?
dation of the prison commission that
ho aeatence of William H. Mitchell,
a prominent citizen of Thomasvllle,
tin., convicted of attempted assault on
Mies Doolie Lanton. a highly respeet
? d young woman and a relativ?? of his
wate, he changed from a year on the
chaingang to a similar period on the
BtnU farm at Mllledgevllle. Sheriff
si aglet ow. of Thomiie County, was no
nedfled by telegraph to take Mitchell
The Governor's decision ends one of
the moat remarkable cases in Geor?
gia's legal history. Mitchell's friends
have exhausted every effort to save
him from the disgrace of convict
stripes and the executive ruling came
aa a great surprise to them.
Ia denying clemency to Mitchell,
Governor Brown saht:
"Shield the clemency asked for in
the present caoe he extended, there Is
grave ganger that It would bear fruits
of sorrow In every section of our
State, ft would set aa example per?
nicious heyeod compare, an example
embodying a dally menace to Geor?
gia's womanhood. It would say that
we have one law for the rich, another
for the poor, one law for the highly
educated, snort her for those too poor
to enj?*g the privileges and immuni?
ties oaonO>|? jut upon education; one
saw fen fiie classes another for the
WiSVNi UON 18 DISSOLVED.
Sale of lt<M k Hill School Property to
?ihr |? May Now be Confirm
Rock Mill. August SI.?August 18.
Judge Me mm Inger issued an order
lnrrr??lng the bond from 500 to 3,
000 of the minority of the Rock Hill
school district trustees seeking by In?
junction to prevent the sale of the
old hlgn BgSkeot property to Winthrop
College, ffubttg that unless the bond
was mide In ten days from service
the In hie all on should be dissolved.
Th? t?me w>ts up on the closing of
the county clerk's office this after?
noon, and the bond not having been
made, the injunction becomes auto?
matics' If dissolved.
WIN I IMC >r OPENING POSTPON
Work OH Men- Dining Room and
Kib ?. Causes Dein v.
Reck Hill >ept 1? The architect
and contractor having In charge the
Improvement* at Winthrop College
have c ?refully gone over the situation
there toeing, and the conclusion has
beeo fOggtsgi that It will be im?
possible. t?? complete the dlnliiK
room .??? l i Itchen by t he 11th,
the dfl'- sot for the opening i>f
the et loot With the full consent and
the a?P? "Miion of the bo,??-d. IM. s
dent John ?ii has decided t<> post?
pone pening two weeks, giving
ample |*g for everything to be g >t
fejfl into i???iper order. Winthrop will
conse?|u<^i!y open September Ittfc
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Suniter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to oui readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
CROPS THAT WILL FEED STOCK ern experience with stover, and I am
With Our Splendid List of Legumes,
Corn, Sorghum and Sweet Potatoes.
We of the South Can Feed Stock at
The Smallest Cost.
If we are to Judge the fitness of a
country for live stock by Its feed, the
product of the cotton fields, cotton?
seed meal, alone would brand the
South as intended by nature for a live
stock country. In 1906 the South
produced nearly 13,600,000 bales of
coton. This means a production of
2.890.000 tons of cottonseed meal,
enough to supply protein to over 6,
000,000 dairy cows for a year.
The average yield of meal per acre
Is absut 200 pounds of protein. There
Eire many plants growing In the South
that will easily produce more protein
per acre. A ton of cowpea hay will
furnish 320 pounds of digestible pro?
tein and we all know that the land
that will not yield this much is pretty
scarce In the South. We cannot afford
to attempt to feed cattle on corn from
land that will produce only 12 or 15
bushels. It la a recognized fact that
the legumes, the protein furnishers,
are at the earns time great land Im?
provers and will grow well and yield
abundantly upon land that will break
ua If we attempt to raise corn. We do
not give this subject of growing the
most valuable crop?the one that will
give us the largest returns upon cer?
tain land?-sufficient attention. The
following table probably illustrates
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not here to claim for it all that Is
sometimes stated. I am well aware
that the peculiarities of conditions
tend to make this material of less
value to us than to our Western
brethren. But after making all al?
lowances for adverse circumstances,
the fact still remains that the stover
of our corn crop is too valuable a
product to be lost and wasted, as has
been our custom heretofore. The silo
offers at present the simplest and
surest way of handling the corn crop.
It has been shown beyond doubt that
no more economical fed can be given
milk cows and growing stock than a
judicious combination of corn silage
and cottonseed meal. We have, too,
many other crops to which we can
turn for carbohydrates. In sorghum
we have a crop of wonderful power to
wrest nutrition from our humus-rob?
bed soils. When sown broadcast, even
on comparatively poor soils, this plant,
will always yield from one to two tons
of a feed rich In carbohydrates. A
ten of sorghum ensilage contains
even more carbohydrates than a ton
of corn. It furnishes, according to
Michels, 280 pounds as against 220
for corn. Sofghum can be grown
much thicker than corn, as it requires
relatively less moisture, and yields of
from five to ten tons of green sorg?
hum can be safely counted upon. If
the silo Is not available, then It can
be cut and cured like any hay and is
one of the easiest plants to cure.
If a more complete food Is des'.red.
then a mixture of oats and vetch on
anything like fair ground will furnish
from one and a half to three tons of
an almost perfect forage. In root
crops, the sweet potato leads both
in quantity of nutrients per acre and
in palatabillty. Every bushel w4U
yield from eight to ten pounds of car?
bohydrates, and 400 bushels per acre
16 not an unprecedented yield with
many varieties. The potato is destin?
ed to play no small part In develop?
ing the live stock Industry of the
South.?D. N. Barrow in Progressive
WANT ENTIRE STATE DRY.
? ? ? ?
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. 3 ?
X c ? I ? c I
^ X w ? s? S
3 2 a 2 f ? :
J 1 0 ? 0 I
M cu o w o o
Land that will yield 20 bushels of
corn will readily yield the amounts of
other crops shown in this table. Yet
the corn Is the lowest both in total
yield of nutrients and in the value of
those nutrients. In actual practice
this difference Is even more marked.
It Is a well known fact that over 40
per cent of the corn plant Is In the
?talk and leaf. The farmers of the
South not only reap small crops of
grain, but as a rule make no effort to
save the 4c per cent, the rest of it
being allowed to go to waste.
It Is probably not necessary to
dwell further upon the possibilities of
thft South Is the raising of protein.
But how about carbohydrates? Will
we be forced to buy them? And will
such a course prove economical? A
growing or working animal requires
at least six times as much of this sub?
stance as of protein, and while, pound
for pound, the latter Is'the more ex?
pensive, yet if we have to buy the
former, our profits may dwindle. It
has been pretty well proven that, with
das c;?re, we can raise fully as much
corn per acre as other sections. For
? very || bushels of corn harvested in
tin Western States, there is a yield of
one tun of stover. In the South the
yield of stover to grain is oven In
greater proportion, it being safe to
figure on a ton of stow r for 20 bush?
els of grain.
Now I have a good deal of South
Anti-Soloon League Will Fight For
Spartanburg. Sept. 1.?At a meet?
ing of the Anti-Saloon League of
South Carolina, held in the office of
the Rev. J. L. Harley. State superin?
tendent of the organization, it was an?
nounced that a fight for State-wide
prohibition would be made at the
next session of the legislature. It was
also decided to form a union with the
?Christian Temperance Workers and
publish a paper to be known as "The
South Carolina Voice."
The meeting was held last Monday,
though nothing was given out for
publication until today.
State Senator H. B. Carlisle attend?
ed the meeting, and it is quite likely
that he will be selected by the Pro?
hibitionists to lead the fight In the
general assembly for State-wide pro?
The following resolution was adop?
"Be It resolved. The State-wldo
prohibition law should be enacted at
the next session of the general assem?
bly and such law should provide for
its strict enforcement."
The Rev. J. L. Harley will be the
editor of the Voice, and Miss tCmma
Gary will be associate editor, The
paper will stand for temeprance and
State-wide prohibition. The paper
will be published In Spartanburg
Lined for Selling OK*nine.
Charleston, Aug. 31.?C. A.
Bchwacke, a well known druggist, was
lined $r?0 in the recorder's court to?
day lor selling eoeaine. B. Weather
born, who was up on tin- same charge,
was dismissed for the lack of evi?
The caaea wert- made out by Bergt.
Healey and considerable evidence was
produced by the police offloer. An ac?
tive campaign will continue against
I the sale of the drug.
ADVANTAGES OP WEDGEFIELD
It Would Benefit the Public at Large
And Connect Prosperous Sections
Of Sumier and Richland.
If there Ig any serious purpose to
construct a road through the Wa
teree swamp, there is a consideration
that should not be disregarded,
namely: bervlce of the people at
large. Of course, if the road is to
be built soley for automobilists who
desire a run between Sumter and Co?
lumbia added to their pleasures, their
wishes alone should be consulted, and
the needs and highway requirements
of the people at large need not be
considered. But. as the road will be
built largely with public funds and
maintained in that way also, the
main consideration should be to con?
struct a road that would serve the
most people to the best advantage.
A road that would serve other people
as well as automobilists, a road that
would furnish a means of travel
where needed, is the road that should
be built. These requirements are not
met by a crossing at Garner's Ferry,
for there is scarcely any local de?
mand or need for a crossing there.
On the Richland side such a road
would penetrate barren sand hills,
very sparsely settled, for a distance
of about ten miles, a stretch of road
over which scarcely any but auto?
mobilists would ever pass going to
Sumter. As a trade-bringer it would
necessarily be a failure, for there is
no trade on the Richlaad side to
bring anywhere worth striving for.
Such a route would benefit only the
automobilists. On the other hand,
the proposed Wedgefield route would
put Sumter into easy communication
with the richest section of Richland
County, a section not surpassed any?
where in South Carolina, having a
considerable commerce and much
trade that could be diverted to Sum?
ter, and besides, such a highway
would be of great service to a thick?
ly settled portion of the State, pos?
sessing several prospercus villages,
and between which there is already
frequent communication by rail. This
road would be of great advantage lo?
cally, and would also serve our
friends, the automobilists far better
than the other, because of the tele?
phone and railway stations along the
route. The choice is between a route
that would serve one class of people
almost exclusively and a route that
would serve many, loct.lly and well
as generally. There cart be no doubt
which should be chosen. The Wedge
field route would connect prosperous
and *vell settled communities, and the
local use of the road would justify its
The objection urged in your paper
does not apply with so much force to
the Wedgefield route, for, as has been
shown, that way would be of great
service to many besides automobil?
ists. Nor should we forget that the
fact that the State farm authorities
have built a crossing, if it be a fact,
is no guarantee that the county would
not in the long run find the one as
expensive as the other, when the pri?
vate subscriptions arc considered,
and due regard had to the protection
afforded the crossing at Wedgefield
by the Coast Line fills. It cannot be
regarded as sufficient to turn the
course of the road towards Garner's
Ferry simply because a causeway of
greater or less extent has been found
there. Many other things are to be
considered, and while it is very de?
sirable that a crossing be constructed
across the Wateree swamp, care
should be employed In selecting the
route in order to avoid the appear?
ance of considering the wishes of the
few, and disregarding the needs of
Wedgefield, S. C, Sept. 1, 1909.
Some of the dispensaries are now
open, some to sell out what they have
on hand to go out of business and
others to continue until the legisla?
ture takes some further action re?
garding them. There is much force
In the argument that the present leg?
islature cannot honorably pass a
State-wide prohibition law; that this
legislature Is committed to permit
those counties that voted the reten?
tion of the dispensaries, to continue
them. A new legislature would be
free to do as it pleased, but the pres?
ent must in honor stand by their own
act. We think this view will be con?
sidered by the conservative prohibi?
tion element, but the politico-prohibi?
tion element have blood In their teeth
and want to devour everything but
the chance of losing the office they
hopped In the band wagon to ge* ? -
The German cavalry has been
equipped With a powerful carbine, fit?
ted with a sabre bayonet, to replace
Mrs David Cool ridge, of Athol,
Mass.. has a rooster thai beats the
It doesn't make much difference
what we think so long as we don't
think out loud.
RURAL ROUTES GROW.
750 ROutOS Now in Regular Opera?
tion in Thai state.
Washington, Aug. 30.?The follow?
ing interesting data has just hecn
made public by the postofflce depart?
On March 1, 1S90, the rural deliv?
ery mail system was first introduced
into the State of South Carolina. On
that day two routes were establishe 1
out of Cope, one out of Orangeburg
and two out of St. George poetofflces.
the routes having an average length
of 23.8 miles. During that fiscal year
a total of forty routes, covering nin?
hundred and twenty-one miles of
roads, were established, and during
the next fiscal year this number was
increased by but ten routes. In 1901
the number of routes was more than
doubled, there being 103 in operation
on December 2. The increase in the
number of routes established con?
tinued in about the same ratio until
1908, when there was a marked Tail?
ing off, due to t.ie fact that most of
the territory available for rural de?
livery had been covered.
On August 2, of this year, South
Carolina had in operation 750 rural
routes, 12 of which were tri-weekly
and the remainder daily, except run
days and holidays. These routes c ?v
cr about 17,54 2 miles of roads, with
an average of 23.3ft miles to th*
route, serving approximately 300,000
people, with an annual rate of cost
of $668,790 to maintain. Up to the
present time the service has been re?
organized on a county basis in 16
counties in the State, and other3 will
follow as rapidly as practicable.
That the people of the Sta*e fully
appreciate the advantage of this ser?
vice is evidenced by the fact that
since its introduction there has been
a steady and large increase in the
amount of mail matter delivered and
subscriptions to periodicals and daily
newspapers. The postofflce depart?
ment has just received a letter from
one of the leading publishers of the
state saying that during the period
1904 to 1909, the approximate per?
centage of increase in the number rf
subscriptions received to his paper,
a da:ly, is at least 400 per cent. Tf
the same, or even an approximate
talio of Increase was enjoyed by oth?
er papers of the State, in their'rural
subscription lists, the showing made
would be very significant, and the ad
vantages to the service, the patrons
and the publishers, considerable.
NEW TRAIN PROPOSED.
Coast Line May Put on Flyer Be?
tween New York and Atlanta.
Florence. Sept. 1.?It is authenti?
cally, yet unofficially, announced that
the Atlantic Coast Line system Is
soon to add a third through fast train
from the North to the South, and
will ply direct between Jersey City,
N. J., and Atlanta. Ga.. via Washing?
ton, Richmond, Rocky Mount, Flor?
ence, Sumter, Robbins, Augusta and
thence over the Georgia railroad en?
It has been talked of for quite a
while in railroad circles and the ne?
cessity has arisen for a through train
from New York to Atlanta over the
Coast Line and the Georgia railroad.
The Coast Line has already built up
a splendid travel over their system
from the North into Augusta, and
especially has this been the case dur?
ing the past tourist season, for they
hauled very nearly four-fifths of the
Augusta-Aiken tourists, and were
compelled to add a line of sleepers
as well aa a dining car on their regu?
lar train between Florence and Au?
gusta, which connected here with
trains No. 85 and 82, the fast mail
to r.nd from the North.
The new train it is said is to leave
New York over the Pennsylvania sys?
tem about 4 o'clock in the afternoon,
Washington about 9 o'clock in the
evening, Richmond about 2 in the
morning, Rocky Mount abort 5. and
Florence about 10, reaching Augusta
about 2 and Atlanta about 6 o'clock
in the afternoon.
The train is to be only a through
passenger, and will be a full Pullman
service, the same as the Coast Line's
famous Florida Special, only not as
It is reported that a coffin box Oil?
ed with half pint flasks of whiskey
was shipped to * party in this coun?
ty, accompanied by a negro man and
woman as mourners, that the sup?
posed corpse was put on a wago-i
and taken to a negro house, not far
from Silver, and the next day, the
box was buried in a burying ground
somewhere near I'axville, whether
this is a fairy tale or not we know
not, but the party who told us assur?
ed us It is the truth, after extorting
a promise from us not to give him
away. And the incident is only men?
tioned to show to what extent people
would go to get boose.?Manning
Menclik II. <>f Abyssinia has in his
possession mote than a thougon I
locks of human hair, of every shade
of color ano texture; each of these is
tare fully labeled with the date and
other particulars of its acquisition.
FARMERS' INSTITUTE HELD.
V?:ri<Miltural Experts DeHver line
SiK'oelies at Bislopville.
Bishop ville. Aug. 31.?The Farm?
ers' Institute, under t':e auspices of
the farm demonstration work, of Lee
County, has come and gone, and the
farmers of the county ought to he
improved if they are not. The in?
stitute met at Hishopville last Friday
morning at 11 o'clock, and it took
but a short time to discover from the
number of experts and the range of
their discussion (as gathered from
State Ageni William's outline of the
ground to be covered in his opening
-latement) that there was a big
opportunity for the farmers of the
county. They did not attend as they
should have, though many more
came than were expected.
These experts stayed here two
days and taught all who wanted to
learn?taught them how to take
short cuts, told them how to solve
those persistent, annoying little prob?
lems that are eternally being faced;
told them how to do big things eco?
nomically, how to increase the ave?
rage productiveness of the farms,
how to decrease expenses, how to
cultivate on less commercial fertili?
zer, how to prepare, how to fertilize,
how to select seed, how to work the
crop. Almost the A to Z of the bus?
iness was handled by trained, cap?
able men, each one having spent
years In experimenting with a sub?
ject before talking about it and gave
to his audience in short, terse state?
ments facts that a combination of ed?
ucation, patience toil and money
was necessary to unearth. That
locks like opportunity?when the
other fellow does the experimenting,
it does look as if one would be will?
ing to practice the methods found by
him to be best. But that is just what
the farmer will not do. He must be
from Missouri, for you have to show
him. When he changes a tried plan
he must have more than somebody's
word for It that the new plan is bet?
ter than the old one. Hence the
scheme of demonstration work. It
shows him. It goes on his farm and
teaches him that he is doing it
It would be useless to try to cover
the ground covered in these two
days. They ran the whole gamut.
State Agent Ira W. Williams deserves
great credit for the ability with
which he is handling this work in the
State. If his institutes in other coun
tles h't^e ?.p much gem?'ne merit In
them was In this one, it is nard
to estimate the good they will accom?
plish. No farmer in rea^h of one
should miss it.
Then the boys' demonstration
work, of which Mr. O. B. Martin is
at the head, is a big thing. Their
purpose is to inspire a love for scien?
tific farming in the youth and keep
him on the farm, or better, send htm
to an agricultural college and bring
him back to the farm perfectly
equipped. Twenty-seven boys in Lee
County each has his acre, and next
winter or fall they will have an ex?
hibition at Bishopville. when their
products will be judged and the
prizes awarded. It does* not take
much sight to see the possibilities of
Immediately before adjournment
Congressman Lever addressed the
meeting, showing the willingness of
the agricultural department to help
them. The gist of his speech, how?
ever, was expressed in one of his
[ epigrams, "You want more man and
I less mule on the farm." Mr. Lever is
popular over here, and is always
I gladly heard on any subject.
Neptune takes over 160 years to
make one complete revolution round
The race Is not always to the swift;
but that is no reason why a man
should emulate the tortoise.
The people who sneer at us would
probably be very much surprised to
know what we think of them.
Fifty thousand tons of soot are tak?
en from London chimneys in a year.
"Men may come, and men may go,"
The Mutual Life Insurance Co.
Goes on forever.
For sixty-six years The Mutual Life
Insurance Co. has met every obliga?
tion promptly and satisfactorily.
Do not delay?now is the time to
L M. LORYEA, Special Agent,
Clurcndon and Sumter Counties,
THE MUTUAL LIFE INS. CO.
of New York,
Manning. S. C.
J. E. McFaddiii, S, L Till.
Agii Sardinia. Agt. Manning.
MR. JOE BROWN of The S. M Pier
son Co., has gone for a load of
drivers, workers and saddlers also
mules. LOOK FOR GOOD ONES.
8-31-3t. W. It.
FOR BALE Seed rye and oats, will
have seed wheat, barley etc., later.
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., 8-2