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Sill! OF PELLAGRA.
( 'NDITION IN GROWING AND
\<; CORN HAVE (CHANG?
The Cause of it u Not Absolutely
Known Hut It to Believed to Be
< tonnect'tt With the Couaumptlon
s| Corn In Some Way?Im Worse
In Northern Italy Where Fall* ere
? hort. Early nod Wet?The letter
Type In the south.
Washington. Aug. 16.?Experts con
? ed with the bureau of Agricul?
ture end the public health and ma?
rine hospital service of the govern
n.. nt here are devoting much time to
"it ?tudy of pellagra, the dlaease
to be working much havoc In
rtara sections of the South. It has
be?n seid that "hlatory and observa?
tion show clearly that the first ' ap?
pearance of the disease, and Its
lairr dissemination, followed, more or
'ms lose I y. the Introduction of maize
? iHorn Into Spain and Its gradual
spread to France, Italy and other
rise of southern Europe.
Those In authority here say that
the exact cause of pellagra la un?
known. It first appeared in Spain In
IIS. Italy 1713; France 1829. In
ft It thete were In the provinces of
_ raibard}* alone, 20,000 cases, and In
1179, twice aa many. In a total pop?
ulation of If.700,000 In nothecn Italy.
Upnyg are 104,017 cases. Pellagra Is
one of the chief causes of Insanity
m??r?g the poorer classes of Italy,
iti the people who have It try to
Jhlde the fact from others as It is al
?ur aa bad as having hereditary In
nay in the family.
. e disease Is accompanied by a
r?l scaly eruption on the handa and
t and those parte of the body that
? ?xpoaed to air. A little swelling
Usually goes with It. The amount of
*ffect?*<) has nothing to do with
^Hg severity of the case. For a long
"j> many believed that pellagra was
to leproey but that theory has
Ptgeetlve troubles follow, and dlar
baea, gad H It.lasts a long time the
gathnt becomes weak, and the brain
1? > cted. and fits of depression at?
tack the victim. In old. chronic
suizidal mania develjps, taking
the 1 >rm of a desire to Mrown?this
ben, explained by the fearful Itching
the akin. In Italy, among the
pHitsunta, the disease Is called "the
????es that drives you 'into the wa
i r Finally, in the last stages, the
nt refuses to eat and goes to
c-' * '.
chronic i.ve of pellagra fur
.* gag cent, of the Insane in
*t*? spltals of northern ltal>
ils country there is more of
ta< ? uta type, lasting only a few
*a?k? Instead of years, and leading
utmost invariably to death, with gen
r*l svmptoraa Hot unlike typhoid. It
1*1? <iu!ie probable that the chronic
f'4-ie occurs, also, but the doctors
have not learned to look for It and
4 la* nose It
The ausee for pellagra are not ab
uuteh known. It did not appear In
Kur until after the Introduction of
^ ind?an corn, and la almost confined
to localities where corn forms a con?
siderable portion of the diet, princl
pall> in northern Italy. Roumanla
and Kolgaiia. Thia has led to the
that In some way the disease
t* go" n?cted with the consumption of
? ? ??n but pellagra does not exist ev
??ryw ? corn Is grown, for It Is pro
dugjtd . retty much all over Italy,
wft& >ly the nothern portion suf?
fers. This led to the modification oi
ths < i ri theory?good corn Is harm
l?'se r?'< spoiled corn may bring on
rh? cTt.s.jase. In southern Italy the
^ iail 1? ?>ng and corn ripens well and
.'Men thoroughly and doean't apoil.
wn|k i the nothern aectlon, It la
ny, ?ort and wet. so that corn of
s and rota, and there the poor
pfieeni haa no choice, but muat eat
Ott.? bad grain.
. i iheory, that of spoiled corn, Is
held by the majority of physicians In
Iti,/ here are many, however, who
now It. and contend that the dis?
ci-.-e Ig produced by some microbe de
upon corn. In which case
I < .-n * ?uld be Indirectly responsible.
Bgl the many microbes charged.
has been found guilty after
Investigation. Therefore, if It
robe, the particular one is un?
The ?pponents of the corn theory
I always trgue that. In America, where
au mu corn Is used, the disease did
not ?< a\ This. It la now known, was
no argument, for there has probably
boon s "ttle pellagra in the South fo>
rnany rsgftX and recently, more of It.
The r o.dltlons In the corn Industry
have changed. The old corn Indus
i long time was the dltdllla
t . hlskey. for that u?ed for hu
wh* raised, milled and con
^ally. Under these clrcum
hU- he farmer picked the be^t
his own use. The best of
farmers do It to this day
|. ? r ribs there are four gggketl
. for meal com, f<>r see I
?rse corn and for bog corn
rd and his family and his
bread from sound corn,
ulty went to the hogs In
slavery time, and in many instances
do yet. But this is no longer general?
ly true. A great deal of the meal
used is from corn grown in the great
corn belt, which is being extended
rorth and west every year. Corn dii
fers from other grains in that it con?
tains very much more moistur-j, mak?
ing better conditions for moulds and
microbes. and unless thoroughly
dried, spoils much more easily. In
shipping the moulds appear, when
corn is heated, In closed cars and the
result is the South gets much spoiled
grain. Corn is sold by weight and If
the producer dries it out thoroughly
before shipping he is the loser, and
consequently, much of it is shipped
before curbed, In cars where light and
air cannot get at It, and, although it
may have been sound when loaded,
It may be completely spoiled when It
arrives at Its destination. The dealer
who gets it, there being no law to
prevent him, may tumble to the temp?
tation to mix the bad with enough
good corn, so that when milled it
will not be offensive to the smell or
taste, and sell it. Meal from such
corn, undoubtedly sold in great quan?
tities, is used for food.
These conditions did not use lo ex?
ist. Such corn is shipped New Eng?
land, yet there is no pellagra. The
climate is cooler, and the rotting is
more or less checked, and the great
bulk Imported is fed to domestic ani?
mals. Most New England peop'e eat
fl tur bread, while in the South 33 per
cent of the negroes and 20 per cent,
of the mountaineers of Tennessee and
Georgia eat corn bread. These prob
ibly are the differences, provided coin
is the cause.
The remedy is simple if applied:
Forbid the sale, and export and the
handling of spoiled or rotten corn.
On this point Dt. Carl L. Alsberg, ex?
pert In drug and plant investigations
in the bureau of plant Industry, in
an address before the sixth annual
meeting of the American Society of
1rop>cal Medicine, held here in AptII.
said: "Cause the corn to be thorough?
ly dried before transportation. To
bring this about, corn must be sold
upon a basis of its molst?re content.
But to make this possible there must
he an efficient Impartial system of
train standardization. Such a sys
:em under the complex conditions of
>ur present civilization can without
doubt, be best carried out by the Fed?
Legislation along this line, in this
direction, "would," he said, "be as
truly a potent influence in our public
health as a Federal quarantine."
Italy looks after its corn supply.
Most stringent laws are enacted, and
th? government dries the home-grown
product free of charge for the peas?
ants. AU pellagra patients are under
the supervision of the government.
If the Western corn used by the
Southern people were dried before
weighed and shipped millions of dol?
lars would be saved to the consumers.
Thirty per cent, of corn is water. The
Federal government It is believed,
will eventually have to look after all
corn sold for food purposes.
learning From a Negro.
We ran across an old negro the
other day who can neither read nor
write, but who has kept his eyes open,
and has reached some progressive
conclusions that ought to make some
of our white farmers rather ashamed
of themselves by comparison.
When he hauled his cotton to mar?
ket the other day, this negro got a
better price per pound than our white
farmers have been getting, because
the buyer said it was about the best
bale that he had seen this season.
The old negro never lets a bale lie
ovt in the weather, but keeps it
housed, and when he gins his cotton
he always instructs the ginner to put
good bagging on It
"I have always noticed," said the
old darkey in talking fo us, "that
anything that looks nice and good, no
matter what It Is, fetches moie
money. The good bagging that I put
on my cotton costs twenty cents a
hale extra, and I believe I sometimes
get $2.00 a bale more on account of
the neat-looking bagging, not to say
anything of the better price I get on
account of keeping the cotton dry and
under shelter."?Progressive Farmer.
Georgetown Dispensary Often.
Georgetown. August 30.?George?
town's dispensary opened up this
morning, and the result was an utter
demoralization of negro labor. By
daylight. It Is said, the roads and
streets were filled with negro men on I
the way to the booze shop, and there
has b?-en more drunkenness to he seen
on the streets today than for a whole
year previously. During the time the
dispensary has been closed scarcely
a case of drunkenness was to be 8?-en
or heard of. The blind tigers soon
went dry after tbe closing of the dis?
pensary and the town was practical?
ly dry and sober until today. It was
a Bacchanalian scene In Africa. No
whites drunk and disorderly were to
l>?- seen, he it said to their credit.
Georgetown Is going to heat us to
the street railway, hut then walking
in Cicorgctown Is not as good as In
Florence. ? Florence Times.
18 COUNTIES SELLING WHISKEY.
Dispensaries in All Rut Three Entitled
Tt Do Business Yesterday.
Columbia,- August 30.?Eighteen of
the twenty-one counties in which
elections were recently held upon the
dispensary question were entitled to
open up the doors of the dispensaries
this morning, including, of course,
those dispensaries that opened up
Saturday afternoon. The Peaufort
returns were made complete this
morning and the result as shown in
i eaufort was very close. Abbeville
returns were incomplete and the offi?
cials were notified by wire and the
proper returns will be mailed up to?
day so that the Abbeville dispensary
may open tomorrow. All the other
dispensaries were notified to open
save Florence and Alken, where the
contests are yet before the local
boards of canvassers.
The official returns were compiled
today for the eighteen counties, being
Returns Incomplete from Abbeville.
County For. Against.
Beaufort. 250 233
Berkeley. 213 540
Charleston. 1,868 341
Calhoun. 262 285
Colleton. 209 876
Dorchester. 579 666
Faireld. 168 752
Georgetown. 447 363
Kershaw. 340 674
Lee. 309 586
Lexington. 806 1,197
Orar.geburg. 529 1,499
Richland. 841 762
Sumter. 386 577
Williamsburg .... 629 859
The discussion has again arisen as
to what the next Legislature will do
on the whiskey question. Opinion ap?
pears to be about evenly divided that
the Legislature will pass a State-wide
bill, and that the matter will be left
as it now is. Local optionists frankly
state that it was their understanding
that the compromise in the senate last
session that was accepted in the house
was binding upon all. On the other
hand, it is stated that the compromise
was only for the time being and that
prohibitionists are free now to intro?
duce at the next session of the Legis?
lature any bill looking to further con?
trol of the liquor question that they
wish?L. M. G. in News and Courier.
How Co-operation Helps the Georgia
A press dispatch from Atlanta says
that the Georgia peach crop this year
will net the growers a profit of half
a million dollars. Last year 6,000
cars brought about $1,000,900; this
year 2,000 cars brought about the
same amount. The difference in price
is attributed largely to better methods
of marketing the crop.
"This year for the first time, Geor?
gia growers organized into i mutual
benefit exchange, modeled on the
lines of California fruit shippers' as?
sociations. The raisers of other great
Southern fruit crops, particularly
oranges, are organizing similar asso?
ciations. In each case Southern asso?
ciations have followed the California
idea of 'keeping the crop rolling,' in
freight cars and selling it as it moves
by means of reliable agents of the as
Here Is more proof, if more proof
could be needed, that it pays farmers
to co-operate, and that the way to co?
operate is to go at it on a business
basis. By working together for a
common object the farmers of any
neighborhood, or those engaged In
any particular line of work, have it
in their power to largely increase the
profits to be derived from their work.
But all these co-operative associations
must be organized on strictly business
principles. It is'nt worth while to
take up the half-done ideas of any
promoter who is governed more by
sentiment than by business sense or
to expect sporadic enthusiasm to take
Ihe place of well-formulated plans of
If you see any place where your
neighbors and yourself could work
tog* ther to mutual advantage, call
their attention to the opportunities
you are neglecting and see If you can't
agree on a plan for concerted effort.
The habit will grow on you, and it
will be a money-making habit.?Pro
A Wag's Answer.
A sentry while on duty was bitten
by a valuable retriever, and drove his
bayonet into the dog. Its owner sued
him In the county court for Its value,
and the evidence showed that the sol?
dier had not been badly bitten after
all. "Why did you not knock the
dog with the butt end of your rifle?"
asked the Judge. The court nicked
with laughter when the sentry re?
plied; "Why didn't ho bite me with
his tall?" London Daily News.
Fat Man What? Arcs you going
to let the small hoy shave me? Har?
ber?Let |he h??y have his fun for
once. It's his birthday, sir. ?-Fle
BADLY HURT IN RUNAWAY.
Capt. W. F. Zeigler, of Orangebiirg.
In a Critical Condition.
Mr. L. E. Symmes, baggage master
at the Union Depot, yesterday after?
noon received a communication from
Orangeburg, S. C, to the effect that
Capt. W. E. Zeigler, his brother-in
law and the well-known proprietor of
the St. Joseph's Hotel at Orangeburg,
was In a critical condition as the re?
sult of an accident last Friday even?
ing. It is stated that Capt. Zeigler
and a companion were riding in a
buggy near Orangeburg, when the j
horse became frightened at an auto- |
mobile and ran away, spilling the oc?
cupants of the vehicle into the road.
Capt. Zeigler sustained a fractured
skull. Capt. Zeigler is well known In i
Charleston, having been born and j
raised in this city and having many |
friends here.?News and Courier, Aug. j
A Canine l'urnd'
Just now, when atic..k4on is cen?
tered on the pet dog's welfare and
how he shall travel, whether in hate?
ful baggage cars or in the Pullman,
it is pleasant to know how different |
it all is for the canines of society in
Europe. For it seems, having had
cemeteries and hospitals founded for
them, French dogs have been given
a convent. This is an old cloister of
the Salesian Friars, situated in Rueil.
which has been acquired by a num?
ber of dog lovers, who intend to turn
it into a canine paradise. The con?
vent is a spacious building, with large
refectory, library ad recreation hall,
not to mention the chapel.
These apartments will be used as
surgical, medical and dressing rooms
and infirmaries for exceptionally in?
valid pensioners, and the beautiful
gardens, where the prayerful friar
took his daily exercise, will be left
for the four-footed inmates to disport
themselves in as well as age and in?
firmity will permit. The acquisition
of this one-time convent, writes a
Paris correspondent, has been cele?
brated by the Canine Relief Society,
an organization akin to Boston's Ani?
mal Rescue League, already by a
banquet, while the grand opening
will take place Sept. 7. Heigho:
hope the superannuated Lulus of,
Parisian high life will appreciate thl?
conventual ending of their days.?
Chatterer, in Boston Herald.
From a Philosopher's Notebook.
Salad days are those in which the
long green is plentiful.
Falling in love at first sight is all
right if you are insured against the
consequences of the second.
As a rule, the young person who is
conspicuously lavish with his dough
will be found on investigation to be
Women are never selfish in the
matter of secrets. There are very
few who will not share thir last one
with you If you will give them a
The chief trouble with the average
alarm clock sems to be that after the
llrst fright the alarm wears off.
If there is anything the world hates
more than a quitter it is the man who
refuses to quit when he is through.
In these days of frequent divorce
and legalized polygamy, a child ut?
terly without ancestors may still have
forefathers?nay, even five.
If it be true that the devil sends
the cooks, we should rejoice that he
is at last engaged in so useful an oc?
It is curious how easily a woman
can be deceived by a foreign suitor
making his appeal through a coronet,
when she would instantly spot a fel?
low American who was talking
through his hat.?Lippincott's.
He?Marry?No! I propose to re?
main single. She?Isn't that a funny
reason for proposing?Bc*ton Tran?
The body of O. T. Bryant who was
drowned in the Congaree river at Co?
lumbia Sunday while boat'ng was re?
covered yesterday afternoon.
A modern lady died and went to
hades. His majesty met her deferen?
tially at the gate.
"Will it he possible for me to se?
cure an establishment here?" she
"In a desirable location?"
"I think so."
"I don't ears to be near the riff?
raff. And I should like to be sure and
get suitable servants."
"You should experience no difficul?
ty. There are several good agen?
"I could give dinner parties when
"Dear me, yes."
"And make a splurge of it?"
"I should expect to spend my sum?
"Quite right. Return tickets free.'
"You have operas?"
"Several, devoted to the haut ton."
The lady lifted her lorgnette. Sh?,
"Do you kn^w," she said, "I am
agreeably surprised? I was afraid this
place was not kept up to the stand?
ards. It troubled me to think I might
have to associate with my inferiors.
I am glad to see that you have such
jense of the fitness of things. I am
very glad to ha^e renewed our brief
acquaintance made on earth, and I
will trouble you to see that my ar?
rival is chronicled in the society col?
umns of the papers."
His majesty bowed respectfully.
"Sorry, madam, but that will be
She gazed at him haughtily.
"How is that?" she asked, sternly.
"There are no papers here. There
are no society columns. No matter
v. hat you are doing the public is in
absolute ignorance of it."
And sinking back, she muttered
solftly to herself:
"This is indeed hell!"?Life.
A Quiet Rebuke.
An "object admonition" like the,
one described by Warren Lee Goes in
his article, "Campaigning to No Pur?
pose," published in Johnson's "Bat?
tles and Leaders of the Civil War/
is often more efficacious than storms
One day the colonel of the regiment
noticed a soldier on parade wearing a
badly soiled pair of gloves.
"Corporal." said the officer, "why
do you set the men such a bad exam?
ple as appearing before them in dirty
gloves? Why is it?
"I've had no pay, sir, since I en?
tered the service," returned the cor?
poral "I can't afford to have them
The colonel drew from his pocket
a pair of gloves, spotless white. Hand?
ing them to the corporal, he said
quietly: "Put these on. I washeet
It was an unforgotten lesson to the
By virtue of the decree of the Court
of Common Pleas for Sumter County^
In the State of South Carolina, in the
case of Minnie McDowell, plaintiff,
against Lula Palmer, Frank Walsh
and Ida Walsh, defendants, I will sell
at public outcry, to the highest bid?
der, at the Court House in the City of
Sumter, in the County and State
aforesaid, on Saleday in September,
1909, being the sixth day of said
month, during the legal hours of
sale, the following real estate, to wit:
All that tract of land in the City and
County of Sumter, adjoining lands of
Dicey Mickens, Durant, Betsy Wil?
liams, W. H. Price and Angellne Nel?
son and Minnie McDowell and being
all the real estate owned by Barte
mus Grant at the time of his death.
Terms of sale, cash. Purchaser to
pay for papeprs.
E. C. HAYNSWORTH,
Our First Car
Horses ? Mules
WILL ARRIVE MONDAY,SEPT. 6TH. COME AND SEE
THEM, YOUR KIND WILL BE IN .THE SHIPMENT. USUAL
STOCK OF VEHICLES HARNESS, BUILDING MATERIAL
AND ALL KINDS OF FEED.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
A Fair Proposition
In the daily routine of business the banker should be
reimbursed for actual outlays; and not only for this,
but for the use of his capital, time and labor he should
be fairly compensated. Upon the basis of this prop?
osition, we beg to tender you our very best service.
First National Bank, of Sumter
Is prepared to make liberal
loans on cotton stored in
the warehouse?. : : ; :
WE can supply you with BAGGING and TIES.
Call and get our prices before you buy.
We know that we can save you money on these articles besides giving you
goods that have quality.
Don't forget us when you are ready to \ urchase.
A- A. Strauss 6 Co.f
25 NORTH MAIN STREET.
Sumter, - . South Carolina.