Newspaper Page Text
?VMTKR WATCHMAN. EttaMt
! iMBMtlldated toe. 8.188
Cbc ?htcbmnn ans j&ontjjnra.
Wednesday and Sa tarda* '
fSTtEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
IUMTIR, s. a
$1.11 par annum?In advaaee.
???ar* ftret taeectlee.Il.tf
far three mouth*, er
win la made at iitawl rates,
unloations which sub
later sets wiU b>
and tributes af
OanfOM BfAfUUTT ?TRADY
Maw Tora, Sept. 2.?The govern
*s eotton crop condition report,
today, proved the lowest on
rojoprd. bat caused only a modsrats
Sdeaiii t which was not fully sustain?
ed, the amarhet closing steady at a
?4s* gam of only 1 to 6 points.
markst opened steady at an
of f to t points on better ca?
bala than expected* and showed little
during the morning. wlisn
was quiet and generally in
tfes? way of a further evenlng-up for
?ear the condition figures.
lust before the government report
Issued January contracts were
around 12.47 and the best
price reported later was 12 80. a
beige of about 19 polrts and a net
advance of 20 points from the los?
ing figures of last night. Possibly the
approach of the thrse-day adjourn
snrut?over Labor day?restricted
bull suf port to some ?Stent. During
the late trading prices gradually
off te within 2 or S points of
Hbjht's mvals. with Jsnoary clos
at 13.41 bid, or only 5 points net
The lowest September bu
ptwvteusty on record wad
tltt^eondltlon was only
^ with .71.1
YICT per cent
jeer and 71.1 per cent, the ten
average. Considering the re
?actio* m acreage, as compared with
taut year, the figures may be mad?
the basis of very bullish mathemati?
cal conclusions regarding the prob?
able stse of the crop, and after mid?
day many buHlsh cables were receiv?
ed from abroad regarding the pros?
pects for future supplies. The dayV
weather news showed no special fea?
ture. Southern spot markets wert
1-ttc "higher to l-8c lower.
Receipts at the ports todaj 11.314
bales against 7,182 lust week and 1.
ttl last year. For the week 65.001)
bales against 14.709 last week and
79.811 last year. Today's receipts a:
New Orleens SO bales against 636 las:
year, and at Houston 1.967 against
ftpot cotton closed quiet 10 polntti
higher; middling uplands 12.80; mid?
dling gulf 18.06; sales 2*0 bales. Fu?
tures opened steady and closed
WflKKLY TRADE KKVIKW.
ilon In Rustnesn Activity nml
Contraction In Fa Buren.
York. Sept. 3.?R. O. Dunn &
Co*s weekly review of trade tomor
1 row wfll say.
Bxpeneton In volume of business
sad contraction In buslnees disaster
characterised the month of August,
esuslly one of the most Inactive of
the fear, and this marks the situation
on the eve of the fall season.
Reports for the current week con?
firm report* fr.r the whole of the pa.?t
m. nth ?' s\y buying, both for Im?
mediate and for 1910 consumption,
continues In the Iron and steel trade.
The higher cont of materials Is one of
the features of the situation, whk'h
work for conservatism, but as the re?
vival of activity ha* taken place In
spite of other adverse conditions. it
Ignores this development.
Hesitation In eotton goods and
>Mrns was noted in the primary mar?
kets, slid difficulty is still expettiaisd
in securing prises for manufactured
products commensurate with the In?
creased cost of raw matenal South?
ern yarn mills are curtailing until
prices I.me more profitable. Wh ?le?
gale dry goods houses have had ? ver;
substantial volume of bUSfWSOl 0< lit*
Former dullness noted in the t ?ot
wear market eon 11 n u ? ?* unabated. buy<
ers holding off. The leather market
continues In a waiting position.
Sonny Willi imi Who made Iii I
escape from the Jail at BenntttavllsJ
several dnys ago, was captured In
CIQK DESCRIBES HIS JOURNEY
"NOTHING TO SEE BVT ICE. ICE,"
AT THE POLE, HE 8A\ 8.
He Ha ted to Leave, bat Wae Forced
bj the Cold to Move on?"An I
mm Sitting at the Pole 1 Could
not Help Smiling at the People.
I who, on My Return, Would Call
the Whole Expedition a Humbug."
London. Sept. S.?A special dis?
patch received hers from Skagen
"As the steamer . Hanaegede steam?
ed by I caught through my glasses a
vielen of a small man In a dark suit
and peaked csp shading his eyes
with his hands, aa If straining to see
the welcome civilisation after years In
Icy exile. It was Dr. Cook, the ex?
plorer, whose name is on every
tongue. He was chatting with the
captain on the bridge, now smiling,
now waving hla hand. I waa allowed
to board the Hanaegede.
'Somebody gave Dr. Cook a bou?
quet. Tears dimmed his eyes as he
buried his face In their fragrance.
'It s years since I have seen flowers,
said the explorer with a quiver of
emotion In his voice.
"When he smiled one noticed the
loss of two teeth. 'A fight with a
Polar bear did that.' he said.
,rTou can tell the world.' the ex?
plorer continued, that- I am In bet'^r
condition than at any time and look
forward with an appetite to the fes?
tivities that are promised me. Mv
dinner has been poor these last few
ears f.nd I shall have to make up for
"Dr. Cook then bTlefly described his
journey. Regarding his discovery he
"Then came April 21. That was
the greet day. We looked for the
sun. As soon as we got it 1 made
several observations. Great Joy came
over us. We were only sixteen miles
from the desired spot. 1 ?ald to my?
self. 'Bully for Frederick.' then we
went on. <?
"The last stretch was the e**riest I
ever made in my life, although 1 had
'stttr to mhVo two Observations and the
ice was very broken here. But my
spirits were high and I shouted like
a boy. The Eskimos looked at one
another, surprised at my gayety. They
did not share my Joy.
- *I felt that I ought to be there. I
made my last observation and found
that 1 was standing on the pole.
""My feelings? Well. I was too tir?
ed really to feel any sensation, i
planted the Stars and Stripes in the
ice field, and my heart grew warm
when I saw it wave in the wind.
"How does the Nsirth Pole look?"
* 'Well.' said Dr. Cook, smiling. Mt
amounts to the size of a twenty-five
cent piece. There h> nothing to see
but ice, ice; no water, only Ice. There
were more holes hene than at the 87th
decree, which shows there Is more
movement and driSt here; but thii
and other observations ] made after?
wards?when I got more settled. 1
topped two days at the pole, and I
assure yoi It wasn't easy to say good
utfv to the spot.
" As I was sitting at the pole 1
could not help smiling at the people,
who. on my return, would call the
.vhole expedition a humbug. I was
sure the people would say that 1
bnsjSjM my two witnesses, and that
t?.v uote book with my daily observa?
tions had been manufactured on
hoard this ship.
" "The only thing I can put against
this is what the Yorfc Eskimos have
told Knud Kasmussen. Let the scep
lles who disbelieve my story go to the
North Pole. There they will find a
Small brass tube, which I burled ua
dei the flag. That tube contains a
short statement about my trip. I
OVUld not leave my visiting card, be
cause I did not happen to have one
" 'Perhaps.' the explorer added dry?
ly. 'I should have stayed there long?
er had it not begun to freeze tis in our
?olero ms. The F.skimos were uneasy
nd the dogs howled fearfully. On
Ai rll 23. therefore. I ugain turned my
roes southward, which was m ir h
??-;t. as you eannot turn your noeo
<n any other direction when you stand
it the pole.
DsaOflhtAg Ulf return journey. Dr,
< '<>"k said:
? Fortune now smiled. \V. did 2'J
miles per day until we reached the
?minoua 17th degree, 'na n i felt
the ice movlni eastward, carrylni um
?vi i. it. a terrible fog swept round
u. und kept a. for three weeka W<
let no further I han the Mth uegre .
1 h n began a heavy walk towards
He Iber gi Land and another throe
weeks <?f fog. When that cleared i
saw ere had drifted southwest i
Utngneelandi where we found open
shed April, ISM.
'lie Just ?.
nd Fesur not-?* Let all the ends Thon Ala
SR. 8. a WEDNESD
DISPEHSARIES TO OPEN.
STATE BOARD OF CANVASSERS
DISMISSES FLORENCE CON?
Dispensaries In Alken to Remain
Closed Until the County Board
Takes Some Evidence, the Adrals-1
fdon of which Was Denied at the
Columbia, 8ept. S.-?The dispen
series in Florence County will open
up at once as a result of the hearing?;
I before the state Board of Canvassers
today. The dispensaries In Aiken will
remain closed until the County Board
of Canvassers takes some evidence
which was refused when the case was
heard before that body. The board
was in session all day. There was
present Attorney General Lyon, who
acted as chairman; State Treasurer
Jennings, Secretary of State McCown,
Comptroller General Jones and Rep?
resentative K. P. Smith, of Anderson,
who is chairman of the house com?
mittee on privileges and elections.
Adjt. Gen. Boyd was absent.
The Florence and Aiken cases were
argued at length, there being a num?
ber present on both sides. Represent?
ing the Florence Prohibitionists were
J. P. McNeil, of Florence, and L, D.
Jennings, of Sumter. The dispensary
side was .epresented by W. F. Clay?
A WOMAN KILLED.
Mr*. C. C. Blgham Accidentally Slain
Charleston. S. C Sept. 5.?Mistak?
ing her for a .?urglar, William Avant,
a prominent planter of Georgetown
county, last night shot and Instantly
killed Mrs. C. C. Blgham. who had
accompanied her husoand, a physi?
cian of Harpers, a small town In the
same county, on a professional visit
to Avant's home, "'Sunny Side" plan?
tation, on Murrell's Inlet. Dr. Blg?
ham and Mr. Avant were sitting on
the front porch of Avant's home af?
ter supper when they saw in the dark?
ness a figure pass the house and go
towards a nearby creed*. Not^being;
answered when they hailed, they got
a shotgun ?nd followed. They saw
the figure apparent ly crouch near the
creek bank, and hearing no reply
when they called, Avant asked Dr.
Blgham what he should do.
"tthoot !t," said Blgham, and Avant
fired both ^barrels at close range. Run?
ning back to the house they secured s
light and returned to the creek bank
to find Mtk Bigham stretched there
dead, the contents of both barreis
having taken effect in her back, even
the gun vwads having penetrated aer
Avant .carried the news to George?
town and accompanied the deputy
sheriff .rad coroner back to Murw?T?
The Xlngs Mountain Moa^snent
will be unveiled October 7- The
?J Southern road will put on cheap rates
for i?m- <occasslon.
water amd tower-high screw ice w'hich
stopped our way eastward.
~ 'We now began to* suffer hncig^r.
Our yrrov!sion8 were becoming .ex
hnustifrd, and we wer*- unable to 1lnd
depots. We entered Ringnesland and
on June 20 found the first animals on
our return?bears and seals. We sfoott
"And now our goal was the whalers
at Lancaster Sound. We followed the
drift ice to the south eighty miles a
day, but was stopped by pack ice in
Wellington Channel, which was im?
passable either by boat or sledge.
Her?* was lots of game, but we did not
dare shoot It. We had only taken a
hundred bullets to the pole, and now
only fifteen were left. We went into
Jones' Si.und after walrus and bears,
and found open, calm water. We met
Polar wolves, with which some of our
d'tgi made friends and ran away.
?? Now we spent day and night in
an open boat ten miles from shore.
This lasting for two months while
storms often raged over our head9.
At last we got ashore again, but we
had no tue] and were obliged to eat
blri!8 r?' . One day we found fuel
and what a feast we hid. But wt
??ulTered much hunger durin? thin
period, one nh'.h' i bear came h* d
stele cur food. We had man.- nghis
v itii mu-k oxen, Rbich attacked u .
urn- best weapon against them was
the lasso.' "
The correspondent*! story quotes
Dr Cook as eaylng In conclusion:
" 'Hay that the day we reached our
provision! stores at E2t.\h wai a great?
er day 111;111 April l' 1. I long to k<1
back to civilisation, to move among
my fellow men; I long to prest my
wife to my heart, i am the hap jest
man living. Ten the whole world l
thank (Jod I am back.' ''
net at be thy Country's, Thy God's am
AY. SEPTEMBER 8
DATA ABOUT RED SHIRT COM?
PANIES OF 1876.
Mr. Teeoott, Historian of Red Shirt
Association, Makes a Statement.
Mr. E. A. Trescott, of Pendleton
who was elected historian of the Red
Shirt association at the meeting there
last week, has sent the Anderson
Daily Mall the following for publica*
I In view of the fact that it will be
Impossible, just at this time, for the
secretary and historian ?1 the State
organisation of the Red Shirt men
of 1176. to communicate directly with
each member of the various compan?
ies, or clubs throughout the State,
as also those members who have
since that time made their homes In
other States, the newspapers which
tve shown such an interest in all
tat pertained to ".he acts and deeds
if those men who did so much fori
lelr State in 1876, are kindly ask?
ed to call attention to the following,
resolutions, which among others, was'
pass 3d during the recent State con?
vention and reunion at Ander?
"That any office or member of any
bona fide red shirt company through?
out the State, be required to send to
the secretary of the State organiza?
tion the names of all members of
the various original red shirt com?
panies or clubs, that existed through?
out the State at that time?1876.
Attention is also asked to Article 5
of the by-laws recently adopted, and
"The historian shall transcribe in
a suitable book, all information that
he may obtain from reliable sources,
relating to the patriotic services of
the "Red Shirt" companies of '76, in
order that the same may become a
part of the established history of that
State, which was unfortunately, here?
tofore, been so much neglected." A|
resolution was also passed at the
conclusion of the speeches at Beuna
Vista Park, which in part reads as
^rfAit in 'order'to l^repare'^the ma-*"
terlai.? for the true history of the
reconstruction era. that all those in?
terested and who are in possession of
fa/cts connected with race conflicts or
Radical regime in South Carolina, be
requested to write, clear, brief
sketches , "giving the facts in con?
Now it goes without saying, that
it will be almost impossible for the
secretary and historian, to collect
such data or material without the aid
and assistance of the members of the
various original red shirt companies
or clubs throughout the State, as also
'that of such members as may now
reside out of the State.
Mr. Trescot will therefore appre?
ciate any historical material in the
snape of reminiscences, recollections,
etc., of events or that eventful period,
wihich may be us*ed in the prepara?
tion of an authentic history of the ef?
forts of the Red Sntrts in 1876 to re?
deem the State from misrule. Such
darta will be carefully preserved by
the secretary and historian, just as
;| received, and, made use of at the
proper time as a paTt of a complete
and authentic history of that period,
on, as individual recollections, remin
Governor John C. Shepherd Judge
Robt. Aldrich and Senator B. R. Till
man, all three of whom were speak?
ers at the recent annual State cnven
.on and reunion at Anderson and
wh*r*U spec eras contained much val?
uable I'Hut leal information relvive
to events of the period in question,
have consented to prepare copies of
their speeches and send same to the
secretary and historian. It is there?
fore hoped that the example set by
these distinguished gentlemen. will
he followed by all the individual
numbers of the various original red
shirt companies or clubs of 1876. who
may have reminiscenses or recollec?
tions of events or occurrences Of th;-t
eventful campaign! which are worthy
of preservation and will send the
h;>me. ;is noon as possible, to the se ?
retary and historian.
CLYDE FITCH DEAD.
Chalons Bur Manie. Sept. 4. -Clyde
Fitch, the American playwright, died
at 9::i<? this e\ enlng. He had b< n
unconscious since 3 o'clock in the af?
ternoon. The doctors and Iiis fi i. nds,
Bugens Qauthier, were present at the
Death was due to appendicitis, fol?
lowing an operation. Mr, Fitch was
?tricken with an acute attack whlb
traveling from Germany and upon hi
arrival here underwent an operation,
from which he only temporarily rali
900 ?*- nr 8?
Hb S C CnlT. a?-Sep.?? i
uuiIUN TENDING TO DECLINE.
RELIEF IN EXCESS OF LAST CROP
HA? WEAKENING INFLUENCE.
Despite Severe! Bullish Reports as to
The Size of the Crop, There Has
Been a Reaction Due to the Ex
pectatlon Ttiat the Present Crop Will
Be Supplemented by a Heid-Over
New York, Sept. 3,?A general be?
lief that the crop is deteriorating
caused an advance at one time with
rather spirited buying by New Or?
leans. .Memphis and other intersts
even if the speculation has continued
to be ignored by the general public.
Taken as a whole the trading has
been professional. Various bullish
private reports, giving the condition
of the crop at from $4.1 to 68.7 per
ceii'. led th?? bulk of the cotton trade
to look for a government report or.
the second instant of about 65 per
cent, as against a ten year average for
September of about 73.6 per cent.
Th?? report actually gave the condi?
tion at 63.7 per cent, against 71.8 per
cent last month, 76.1 last year. 72. Mn
1907. with a crop of 11,370.000 bales:
*i 7.3 in 1000, with a crop of 13,511,000
bales, and 72.1 in 1906, when the crop
was 11,346,000 bales. Thus it will be
seen that the official report exceeded
even tne most radical in point of bull?
ishness. It is the lowest September
condition on record, the nearest ap?
proach being 64.0 in 1902.
A tendency towards some reaction
was noticed when January touched
12.58 early in the week. According
to some balls crops had been pretty
well discounted. Talk to ihe effeci
that short stapled cotton might be
sent in considerable quantities from
Texas for delivery on contracts here
had some effect. Also after a rise of
about 80 points there was some nat?
ural disposition to realize the profits
on the eve of the Labor Day ?oliday.
Spinners have not bought heavily.
Bears still insist that there is still
every likelihood of a large crop move?
ment in the near future whatever the
actual size of the crop, and that the
efleet, on- prices can hardly fall to be
for the time being at least depress?
According to some advances the
large spinners* takings from the last
crop were not all consumed, and the
rise in cotton goods has not been com?
mensurate with the advance in the
price of the raw material. The last
crop was the largest ever known,
reaching, according to the New York
figures, 13,817,516 bales. Probably
the actual vield exceeded 14.000,000
bales. Thi* means that a large sur
plus has been carried over into the
new season. This will do much to?
wards making good any deficiency
in the present crop.
Speculation for a rise had received
several severe setbacks this season.
The pace during May and June was
too rapid to last. It has been a chas?
tened market since the first big slump
of $6 a bale. Meantime, however, the
consensus among many experienced
cotton people is that ultimately prices
are bound to reach a much higher
level. While estimates of the crop
range from 10.000,000 to 12.000.000
bales, and the world's consumption is
estimated at 13.000,000 bales or over,
bears figure in some cases that the
surplus carried over from laast sea?
son will be large enough to give am?
Following the issuance of the bu?
reau report, showing a condition even
lower than the most extravagant
claims of the bulls, there was a rise
of roundly a dozen points, but at that
juncture -.he stiftest kind of oppo?
sition was met and subsequently the
bear crowd raidedc the market with
almost unparalleled ferocity, throw?
ing cotton on the market in such
blocks as to more than satisfy the
demand, and finally causing prices to
relinquish what they had gained.
Late in the week an advance of
roundly ten points was established on
gene:al short covering, and buying l>>
Xew Orleans, Memphis and Liverpool.
Wall street houses continued to sell
as well as the prominent Interests wh
hud been identified with the bear
drive alter the government report.
Liverpool was stronger than expected
and sent various stimulating 'aide*-.
It was still hot and dry in the south?
west and complaints of drought were
also received from east of the Mis?
sissippi. Advices from the South als ?
alluded to heavy spot sales. Fail kiv
er mills were said t<? be among the
Swiss tire toads act as perfect ba?
rometers, [f kept In glass Jars con?
taining water and a ladder, they will
climb up the ladder when the weath?
er i--- to be wet, and previous to dry
weather will stay snugly In their wat
< ry homes.
K soimmoN. Established Jane, UN
jries?Vol. XXX. No. 4
MORE NEW COUNTIES.
FOUNTAIN INN WILL MAKE AN?
Government Will Continue Work
On Santee and Congaree Rivera
Other News Collected in Columbia.
Columbia, 8ept. 4.?Politics being
the breath of life to the average '
South Carolinian, a number of new.
county schemes may be expected to
revive shortly, to fill in with pleasur?
able excitement the hiatus between
the liquor election of last month and
the various regular elections of nest
summer. The first new county prop*
08ition to show signs of renewed lifo
is that which proposes the formation
of a county with Fountain Inn as the
county seat, from portions of Green?
ville and Laurens counties.
? ? ?
"I can't swear I've never stolen,"
said a Confederate veteran, when he
came up to be sworn by the registra?
tion supervisors in Orangeburg, last
j week. "I can't take that oath," be
I went on, "unless you allow me to skip
the Civil War period. Those times I
stole, cheerfully and often; had tcv
to live." The registration supervisor
granted him the desired certificate,
saying he didn't think 'foraging"
could rightly be accounted stealing.
? * ?
Capt. E. M. Adams, engineer corps,.
U. S. A., the officer in charge of river
and harbor work in this district, in?
forms the Columbia Chamber of Com?
merce that the chief of engineers wil"
recommend the continued improve?
ment of the Santee and Congaree riv?
ers, with the following channels in
From Winyah Bay to Santee river,
via the Esthervtlle-Minim Creek ca?
nal, a depth of six feet and a width
of 100 feet. From Santee river up to
Senate street, Columbia, by way of
Congaree river, and up to Camden by
way of Wateree river, channel depths
of four feet at low awter.
The report also recomemnds that
the crest of the Granby dam at Co?
lumbia be raised two feet. This is to
I famish jan amp'e head of woter at tho
Senate street landing. The job* will
cost about $30,000, the channel work
below about $150,000.
Commissioner Watson belfeves, as
does the Chamber of Commerce, that
the recommendations will be adopted
and the rapid development of MftV
gation on the Congaree and Wateree-'
thus assured. The company which*
has been operating a vessel between
Columbia and Georgetown expect? tc
bond itself this month to buy a second"
* * ?
William McKinley, a diminutive
darkey, admitted to Recorder Stan?
ley today that he entered a dwelling,
in the city with the intention of steal?
ing anything he might take a fancy
to, but after looking around inside*
saw nothing he liked especially, so
left without stealing a single thing.
He got 60 days.
Supt. E. S. Dreher of the Columbia
public schools, has been in a hospital
at Biltmore. X. C, since July 17, suf?
fering from a nervous break-down, but
the schools will open as usual Sept.
20. Many children must be denied
admission, however, until the new
building at Senate and Pickens street*
can be completed.
SMOTHERED IN HEAP OF COT?
XOgfO Infant Burrowed Too Deep and*
Darlington. Sept. 5.?Coroner R. G..
Parnell was called out to Mr. J. K..
Parrott's place, about five miles from*
Darlington, this morning to view the
remains of a negro child, about one
and one-half years old. It seems that
since the cotton picking season has
opened the family have been sleeping
on the cotton piled up in one of the
rooms. This child, becoming chill>
during the night, scratched deeper in?
to the little hole bed it had made to
sleep in and the hole became u > deep
and the child smothered to death.
The family did not know Of Its-death
until time to get up this morning.
POLE KILLS WORKMAN.
Greenville, sept. -Luthei Fisher
B w ?rkman In the employ of the
Southern Power Co., was struck
by a falling pole and instantly killed
this afternoon in an accident which
CCCUred about two miles from QrCCr.
K. s. Hlggins, a fellow workman, had
hi^ collar bpnc broken in the same
The drug store of Zcmp and De
Past In Camden was damaged b>
fire. Loss J5,000.