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THE NORTH POLE F
? COOK, \n \mi:kk \\ m<
('iths >\ WERK many FAIL?
After Overtiming Orcnt Obstacle*
AimI EnritirltuT TenrlMe Hardships,
Intrepid Kip lor er Attains Farthest
Nur tb?Returning Home by YAa>
Of O" ooark.
Pari* Seot I. The Paris **?nt i< ?1.
of the New York Herald thla morning
ptibltares a signed Matern? nt from
I>r. Frederick A. Cook, which Is dat?
ed "Hans Egode. Lerwlek. Wedin -
day," on his experiences In the Are
"After a prolonged fight with
famine and frost. ' says Or. Cook, "we
have at last aucceeded In reaching
the North Pole. A new highway,
with an Interesting atrip of animated
nature, has been explored and big
fXvgame haunts located, which will de
Hftvt sportsmen and extend the Esqul
"L*nd has been discovered on
watch reet the earth's northernmost
rocks. 1 A triangle of 30,000 square
sallee has been cut out of the terras
ferial unknown. The expedition was
the outcome of a summer cruise In
the Arctic seas on the achooner Brad?
ley, which arrived at the limit* of
navigation In Smith Sound late in
August, 1907'. Hare conditions were
. found to launch a venture to the
pats. J. R. Bradley liberally supplied
from his vessel suitable provisions for
local use. sly own equipment for the
ssaergencles served well for every
purpose In the Arctic.
"Many Baqulmaux had gathered on
the Oreenland shore at Annatoak for
^?gne winter hunt Immense quantities*
* 0/ onset had been collected and about
the camp were plenty of strong dogs.
The combination was lucky for there
were good material for equipment.
All that waa required was conven?
iently arranged for at a point only
^Tte miles from the boreal centre. A
Whouse and work-ahop were built of
packing boxes by willing hands and
this northernmost tribe of 250 people
set th?tmselven to the task of devising
a suitable outfit. Before the end of
the long winter night we were ready
tor the enterprise and plans had m\
wCured to force a new route over Grln
nell band northward along Its west
coast out on to the polar sea.
"The campaign opened with a few
scenting parties being sent over the
American ahorea to explore the way
and seek the game haunta. Their min
gXsioM was only partly successful b>?
<* eons* of the storm*. At sunrise of
1901 (February 1?) Che main expe?
dition embarked on Ita voyage to the
pole. It consisted of 11 men and 1)3
dogs drawing 11 heavily lud o
St etadgoa. The expedition left t le
? Oreenland shore and pushed we> t
ward over the troubled ice of Smith
sound. The gloom of the long night
was relieved only by a few hours of
dayttght. The chill of the winter waa
felt at Ita worst. As we croased the
heights of Btlsmere aound to the Fa
jSelfte slope the temperature aank to
minus S3 centigrade. Several dogs
wee* frosen and the men suffered ue
vereJy but wo soon found the game
trails along which the way waa easy.
"Wo forced through Nansen aound
to Lsvada End. In thla march we se
e, cured 101 muak oxen, seven bears
and S3? harea.
"We pushed out Into the polar *ea
from the eouthern point of Herbert
island on starch 18. Six Baqulmaux
returned from here. With four men
and SS dog* moving aupplle* for 80
dags, the crossing of the ctrcum-po
y* lar puck was ? egun. Three days la?
ter two other Esquimaux, forming
the last aupportlng party, returned
and the trials had now been reduced
by the survival of the fittest. The two
best men and 21 dogn were picked
^ for 'he final effort.
"There before ua In an unknown
Hue ?af 480 miles lay our goal. The
a ret days provided long march i.ml
we taade encnursglng progress. A
Mg lead which aepnrated the tnnd
frara Ice of the central pack was
? croaaed with little delay. The low
* temperature was peraletent and the
winds made life a torture. But cojp
ed up In our anow houses eating
dried beef tallow and drinking hot
tea there were some animal comforts
occasionally to be gained.
i "For aeveral days after the aitcht ?>f
* known land was lost the overcast sky
prevented >? n .o-curnte determination
of our poaltlons On March 30 the hor
Ison was parth elearod and new land
wsa <l 1 - ? ' ' ? ?1 ? "? 1 >'; > 1 . -m
on position as latitude Ht 17. longi?
tude 88.j<? There w?s urgent ?.d
P* of rapid adtfeaoe Our main mission
di?l n?d permit a dOtOUI lot tb?- pur
poae of exploring the opuiitry, Here
were aeon the I ist signs of solid
earth; beyond tln-re was nothing
stable to be aeen
? v/e advanced steadlrj over the
?n?ri?t??n\ Of mo.ing i?? and i?.w
round oureelvee beyoml the range ot
ail lire to ith?o- foot pi Ints of 1? re rsi
nor the b'?ow-h'des of seals w ?e dc
I Even the mtcroMOOpiC < r. ?
tur??s ??f tb?- deep ware no longa r gg
der ua. Th. m ohboilng Intluen???? of
the shifting desert <?f frost bectme
almost unendurable In the dally on
tine. The surface of the pack offer?
ed les* and lens trouble and the
w? itb r ImprOYtd, but there still re
n; lined the life tapping wind which
drove despair to its lowest rec( It, Th<
extreme eld compelled physical ac?
tion, Thui day after dai our weary
ItfJ spread over b1^ distances, In
i l?ms and positions we e reeerd d
but adventure was promptly forgotten
'.n the nevt days oT? rts.
"'l b:' nu.'it of April T was made no
tgblt by IhS SWlOflni o! tht un at
midnight pvtr tht northern Ice. Bun
burns and frOSl blttfl Wtlt now re
OOrdtd on the saint day. but the
doubl? day'l glitter Infused quite an
incentive into one's life of ihiver*.
"Our observation on April S placed
the camp in latitude 86.36. longitude
94.2. In spite of what s? emed lonn
marches we advanced but little over
100 miles. Much of our work was
lost in circuitous twists around
troublesome pressure lines and high
Irregular fields. A very old ice drift,
too, was driving eastward with suf?
ficient force to give some nnxlety.
"Although still equal to about 50
tiles dally, the extended marches
in4 the long hours for traveling with
".. :U fortune favored 'is earlier wen?
10 longer possible. We. Were hotf
about 200 miles from the pole and
sledge loads were reduced. One dog
after another went into the^ stomachs'
of the hungry survivors until the
teams were considerably diminished
In number but there seemed to re?
main a sufficient balance for man and
beast to push along into the heart of
the mystery to which he had set our?
"On April 21 we had reached 89
degrees 69 minutes 46 seconds. The
pole was In sight. We covered the
remaining 14 seconds and made a
few final observations. I told Etukis
hook and Ah welsh (the accompany?
ing Esklmaux) that we had reached
the 'great nail.'
"Everywhere we turned was south,
with a single step we could pass from
one side of the earth to the other;
!rom midday to midnight. At last the
flag 'fluttered to the breezes at the
pole. It was April 21, 1908. The
temperature was minus 39 centi?
grade, barometer 29.83, latitude 90;
as for the lougtltude it wan nothing
is it was but a word.
"Although crazy with Joy our
spirits began to undergo a feeling of
weariness. Next day after taking all
>ur observations, a sentiment of in?
tense solitude penetrated us while we
looked at the horizon. Was it possible
that this desolate region, without a
patch of earth, had aroused the am?
bition of so many men for so mc.ny
centuries? There was no groevnd.
only an immensity of dazzling wtdtc
snow no living being, no poial to
begat] the frightful monotony.
"On April 23 we started on our re?
THE WAY OF DREAMS.
The way of dreams?the bluebird
Is never hard to find,
So soon as you have really left
The grown-up. world behind;
So s>?n as you have come to see
Tb.it what the others call
Realities, for such as you,
A*v never real at all;
So soon ss you have ceased to care
What others say or do.
And understand that they are they
And you?thank God!?tune you.
Then is your foot upon the path,
Tour Journey well begun,
And safe the road for you to tread,
Moonlight or morning sun.
I'eaco of this world you MhaJl not take,
Yes! no provision heed;
A wild-rose Kathered In the wood
Will buy you all you need.
Hungry. the birds shall bring you
The been their honey bring;
And. thirsty, you the crystal drink
Of an immortal spring.
For sleep. l>?*hold how deep and soft
W4th taott the earth 1? spread.
Iftd all the trees of all the world
Shall i uitalrt round your bed.
Kiuhanted journey! that begins
Nowher??. and nowhere ends,
Rtsklatj as svor*ctianging goal,
Now hither Winds and wends;
Tot destination yonder flower.
Put business yonder bird;
tnghl btttar worth the traveling to
I never saw or hat rd,
> |on| ?l?e iIV? travel of the ?n??"
Pirat tht green snrth to tread
\nd still yog other starry track
To travel when you're dead,
Richard I," Qalllennt In The i>e
The mat who sa.\s nothing and
mv - wood may some day trade that
occupation for tht more agreeable
Ota r?l cutting off coupons.
Home man do so much talking
rboul being square thai w< natura!!)
? ipeel to tat tht torntrt sticking ou1
n^MBAT TlTBERCTJLOMl with
Gen any Finds Vltralln a Pourerful
' (.i Destroyer?A Novel Method,
Consul Thomas H. Norton, wrting
fbemnltl, says that in the war- ',
'ore v hleh is heinu '.vage<i so persist?
ently nuainst tuberculosis in Oer
many, Increased attention is being de- J
VOied to paints and washes which
may be npnlli d to walls, etc., and
which possesi In a greater or lesser
degree the power of destroying germ
life, He gives the following example.
In i recent number of the publica?
tions Of the German health office, a
report appears with very full details
regarding the tests applied to the new
f igment called vitralin, a highly lus?
trous paint which can be applied to
surfaces with the same ease as ordi?
nary paints, with a basis of white
cad a id zinc. Its chief value is for
dlslnfocttng, and it Is prepared ana
told more specifically for use In
rooms, etc., where it Is desired to
combat pathogenic germs. In this re?
spect It seems to be far In advance
of all ot the ordinary substances ap?
plied to walla, containing lime or lead
The Importance of such an agent,
in connection with modern sanitary
appliances for destroying the mi?
crobes of disease, led the health of?
fice to make somewhat exhaustive
tests of the germlcldal properties of
vltrolln under varying conditions.
The results may be briefly summar?
ized as follows:
When in contact with a vltralln
coating the bacilli of tuberculosis (as
found in saliva) are completely de?
stroyed In three days, Dlptherla ba?
cilli require 5 hours, typhoid bacilli
eight hours and those of pus (staphy
lococcl and streptococci) from six to
thirteen hours. On the contrary no
lethal effect could be observed upon
the spores of anthrax, even when the
contact lasted 30 days, although a
dsltlnctly retarding influence upon
* he development of the spores was
noticed. Control .experiments carried
on simultaneously with surfaces cov?
ered with ordinary paint showed eith?
er no germlcldal power or a much
less degree of efficacy.
Direct sunlight renders the lethal
action much more rapid than when h
is carried on in diffused daylight. The
material upon which the coating is
appUtd exercises no appreciable ef?
fect. The same results were secured
when ldgment was spread over glass,
porcelain, brick and wood. The dis?
infectant property remains for a con
siderame time in the coating of paint,
although after a lapse of a yea* ii
>? as found to be distinctly weaker?
e., a longer time was required to
bring about a complete destruction of
The investigator came to the con?
clusion that the specific disinfectant
property of vitralin results from the
oxidation of the linseed oil which
forms 'an important constituent of
this paint, as of most paints. Fur?
ther, this oxidation is dependent upon
the presence of a -certain degree of
moisture, and ?atarally,. of oxygen;
and warmth as well as light is an
important factor in favoring the
formation of the active germicidal
agent. This property of vitralin is
dkewise unaffected by prolonged ex?
posure to powerful antiseptic agents,
such as corrofdv-e sublimate, formalin,
kirsol-sulphuric Acid, etc.
The conclusion of the officers of the
imperial health office is that vitraPn
furnishes a highly valuable addlt;
to the weapons employed In all roofs,
etc.. where germs collect and that It
can be most advantageously employed
in all rooms, etc., where germ life Is
liberated, consumptives' sanatoria,
wards for infectious diseases, and the
Attention is called to the fact that
the presence of such a wall coating as
vitralin does not necessarily super?
sede the use of the customary disin?
fection methods now legally obliga?
tory, There is, however, a distinct
advantage In having a continuous de?
struction of disease germs maintained
whenever they come In contact with
tin- walls of an apartment during its
temporary occupancy by a person af?
fected by an infectious disease.
"Yes." shrieked the stiff ragette.
"that foot-and-mouth disease affect?,
humans, too, I know a lot of men
'HOW so?" asked a man In the au?
"They're too tired to walk and al
way* thirsty*" was the prompt reply
The postal authorities of ESnglant
paid high compliment to the atami
? ollectors of the world when they pro
i hied a special cancelling stamp foi
use in Manchester on the three duy
"I tin- stamp Exposition In thai cltj
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always bought
Build a Sweet Potato House.
If you grow many BWeet potatoes
(and every Southern farmer should
grow enough to have a constant sup- j
ply for the table all the year through
and every day in the year), you
Should make a potato house. Buch a
house should he about 10 feet wide'
and as long as needed. We have
some here that hold 5,0<m> bushels.
Sink the house two feet in the ground 1
in a location where no water can get;
in. Hut if water is certain to rise in i
an excavation In winter, then build j
entirely above ground. Set posts for J
the walls and sheath inside and out- |
side, and cover the outside with tar
paper and then weatherboard it. This
will give a dead air space to keep out
cold. Make the side walls six fet high
and put on a double-pitched roof, !
with a ventilator in the centre that
can be opened and closed. Floor over
from the eaves to make a sort of
cock-loft above, that will be useful
for onions and kill keep cold out from
below. It will be best to put slatted
shelves on each side of a central walk,
so that the potatoes will not be in too
large a heap. Or you can gather and
i put them in the ventilated truck bar
lel and pile these in the house.
Dig these when the soil is dry, and
do not let them be thrown into heaps
in the field but merely left along the
r?ws to sun well. When all are in,
start a fire either by means of a box
stove and pipe running the length of
the house, or by a furnace and flue
like a tobacco barn if on a large scale.
In fact, an empty tobacco barn, well
chinked, can be made to keep po?
tatoes very well, but will need more
winter tiring than a well-built potato
house. Run the temperature in the
house up to 90 degrees with the ven?
tilator open, and keep this up daily
till potatoes have sweated and dried
off. After that there is little difficulty
In keeping them, if sound when
stored. Watch the house in cold
weather and try to keep it as near as
possible between 40 and 45 degrees,
no higher nor lower. You will sel?
dom need fire heat to do this in a
well-built house with dead wall and
loft, with the sides banked partly out?
side. You can then be ready to take
advantage of the market and get the
best price. If wanted to keep in
warm weather, open up the house and
ventilator at night, and close up be?
fore sunrise to keep the heat out. In
this way it is easy to have potatoes
till the new crop comes in.?W. F.
Massey in Raleigh, N. C, Progressiv*
What might be called a pigm>
among cream separators is the new
Sharpies Tubular "A"' Hand Separa?
tor, No. 1. It is only 2 3 inches high
and has a capacity of "00 pounds ol
milk per hour. Yet it is guaranteed
to do the same high quality of work
as the larger machines and doubtless
be a fine Investment for many who do
not "keep enough cows to justify the
purchase of one of the standard size
With 50-cent butter In prospect the
wise housewife will be putting up
plenty of fruit while it is cheap.?
How some agents and dealers
will?"fabricate?' Just the
ether day <in agt nt told one
of our customer? he could
sell him a piano "just as
good" as the Stleff for ever
so much less money. It so
happened cmr customer knew
the difference, and knows
the firm ef Chas. M. Stleff
has never attempted to mis?
lead a customer. If it were
possible for an a;?ent to .-ell
as good a piano as the Btleff,
how could he sell it for less
Don't be fooled, buy your
piano from the time honored
firm of Chas. M. S'tiefT, the
Chas. M. Stieff
Artistic Btleff, Miaw ami
Stleff Self-Player Pianos.
5 West Trade St.
CIIAULOTTE, - - N. C.
C. II. Wllmotli,
(Mention this paper.)
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
ting Ute Siomachs andBoweJs of
ness and festXontains neither
Opiuni.MorpIiiac nor Mineral.1
For Infants ^^^iHreri^
The Kind Ycj Have
Apcrfect Remedy for Consfist
tlon, Sour Stouach.Dtarrim]
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signatare of
Atb months uU
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
TMI OKNTAVIB IOMWUW? M* *Of*? OTT?.
Birnie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES 'AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COM HS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: .:: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
LAYING THE FOUNDATION
for a solid and well-built* house cor
only be done wfren the bo/%t- building
materials used. Wo have a ??ompje>~
Ftock of superior building materfaJs*
of all kinds, Doors, Sashs, Blinds,
Mouldings, Etc., to be found an?
where in Sumter.
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factor*
J. W. McKelver. - - Proprietor
Our First Car
Horses ? Mules
WILL ARRIVE MOND\Y,SEI?T. ?TH. COME AND SEE
THEM, YOUR KIND WILL BE IN .THfl SHIPMENT. USUAL
STOCK OF VEHICLES HARNESS. BUILDING MATERIAL
AND ALL KINDS OF PEED.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER,
SUMTER, S C.
Farmers* Ii i Trust Co.
Is prepared to make liberal
loans on cotton stored in
the warehouse. : : : :