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Cbe ?Katchnan mib j&outbron
WEDnESOAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1909.
The Bumter Watchman was found
ad In 1810 and the True Southron In
lift. The Watchman and Southron
mew lias the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
snsdham In Bumter.
Csok and Peary are playing 1 But?
ton. Button. Who has the Hutton?"
with the North Pole.
a ? ?
Senat..- Smith advisea the farmers
to hold cotton for higher prices,
which 'ppeara to be fairly good ad?
vice In view of the short crop.
o a a
The prosecution of the dispensary
grafter* la scheduled for the ap?
proaching term of court in Itichland
county and, according to the news
aant <*??t from Columbia, a real effort
will be made to aecure convictions.
We truat the trmla will result In
something, more tangible than a lit?
tle political advertising that will be
useful to office-seekers In t!ie pri?
maria? no?t summer. When we ?ee
?osne of gbo alleged ?rafters In stripes
WS will believe that the proaecution
amounts to something more than a
? ? ?
The only way to sett I. ? the contro?
versy over the finding of the North
Pole is |a *end out another expedi?
tion for the purpose of ascertaining
whether the Pole Is really where
Co??k ani Peary say it la. The
wrangle pro ml sea to be as acrimoni?
ous and as profitless as the Sampson
4chley dispute over the battle of San
a e s
it Ik admitted by all that the cott >n
crop of Sumter county la ahort?very
much shorter than It was laai. year?
but If the price remains above twelve
cents throughout the season the far?
mers will not be much worae off than
they were last year.
a i ?
Tho discussion of the plan to build
a direct highway to Columbia via
Garner's Ferry haa revived Interest in
the good roads movement In o:her aec
tlona of the county and every section
Is advocating the Improvement of a
^particular road. There is no question
btfl that all the roads of Bumter
?cooriV stand In need of improvement,
and the problem that confronta Su?
pervisor Pitta la how to keep the
roads we have In moderately good
-condition with the means available,
not the construction of new roads.
The good1 roads proposition Is a fin?
ancial problem, and If some one can
SggejBM a way to ralae the money to
bulul and maintain all the roads that
u*s need Supervisor Pitta and the
members of the Hoard of County
Commlaaioners will And no difficult)
In giving the people the roads they
Coroner Flowers was notified Satur?
day about noon that the body of an In?
fant, apparently white, had beer
found on the roadside at the Dingle
Mill causeway on the Manning road
Mr. Flowers went to Dingle'a Mill to
make an Investigation. He had ?M
body examined by a physician, w'u >
decided that the child was of negro
parentAge and that Its death was du I
to natural causes.
The only caae of interest before
Recorder Hurst Friday was thut of
the State vs. Nathaniel Vaughn, a ne?
gro boy 14 years old, who was sent
to the chains.ing for 30 days for tak?
ing $1 from a little white boy.
Noveltle* Iii fupe*.
A beautiful line <?f Capes are now
on aale at The Bumter Dry floods Co.
It is not wise to gfaH f<?r cool weather
Ii one Is wanted. They are shown In
both p.?Hl. 1 and staple colorings.
t ? tt
"Oe-wgetown," a negro well known
la police sjfgleg ax a chicken fancier,
was sentenced to the chalngang for
sO daya for chicken stealing, after a
trial In the Recorder's Court Satur?
One Step I tetter.
The .Sum ter Dry Goods Co. say this
of thett Jersey Top and Trotteau
Suits Our Suits make a poor fig?
ure look good, snd a good figure still
limed In Bumter Coffins.
In the KTcat dynamite explosion
which a corred on August 27th, In
the CSBSaej Hoca Chlca. Fla . Rast
Coast RKti-nsion, twelve people wee
killed. Wltherapoon Bros, (k Co., are
Juat In receipt of advice to the effect
that every one wax buried in Sumter
product. This represents the regular
output of the factory for two hours.
Osborn Porter, colored. Is said to
hsve attempted to commit suicide
8undny night Dr. Frnest Carson,
Who was called In to see him found
loin In a critical condition, but he
responded to treatment und was soon
OUt Of din..,
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Fanners' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would impr ove that service by special features.
The flrtt to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling o/ their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department v ill be of mutuul benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl s Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
SAVE THE LARKS.
Ravage* of Terrible Post Roach
Alarming Stage In Fertile Regions
Of Colleton County, South Carolina
?Area 20 Mile* Long and 15 Mile*
Wide Almost Laid Waste.
Columbia. Sept. r,.?An area of
iTop? 20 miles long and 15 miles I
wide, down in the fertile regions of
Colleton county, almost within strik?
ing distance of the truck farms of
Charleston?the finest in the world ? -
is Infested with the deadly wire
worm. For the past two years gov?
ernment exeprts have been studying
the life history of this worm in this
region and recently the work ha
Leen vigorously pushed. Preliminary
reports have been made by the gov?
ernment men and those from Clcm
B$M College who have been in Colle?
ton working on the problem.
In this strip of land the wire-worm
!"?as wrought havoc. Farms have
been abandoned?the crops for the
present year are all well nigh ruin
?d. The farmers in Colleton are very
much worried as the pest will doubt?
less spread. Close onto the infested
district are the truck farms of Colle?
ton \nd* Charleston eounties. The
wire-worm knows no discrimination
in his destruction of crops. Feeding
first upon the grasses and then upon
the corn?he finishes up his work of
devastation by consuming everything
else that is left In the fields. Cotton
Is deUroyed acre by acre and the oth?
er crops fare no better. Once the
ravage begins there is no way of put?
ting an end?save, perhaps, one.
There is a bird that many farmers
think Is his enemy. Swooping down
upon the fields in the early days of
the seasons and in the winter espe?
cially, the lark dips hi? bill Into the
ground. The farmers?many of them
?think the crops are destroyed. Rut
if they only knew it. the lark is the
only salvationn in the fight against
The wire-worm?one of the click
click beetles?Is hatched from the
(ggs laid In the early spring, appear- i
ing In May or June. The destruction \
com;s In the second year of the exist
ence. At the time the lark Hies ovo;
the lit Id the wire-worm Is close to
the surface. The lark, whose bill U
very sensitive, knows In what lands
the food It wishes Is. In the rootltll
IlltO the ground the lark llnds the
wire-worm and destroys it. This is
the only method known today hy
which the wire-worm may be kept
The dictionary thus do* oribes the
wire-worm: "One of the larvai "!
y&rlOUfl species of snapping bet ties,
or elators so-called from their slen
derneis and the uncommon hardness
of <he Integument. Wire-worms arc
Just at this time the wire-worm
presents a grave situation to Colleton
It Is said. Secretary Ja lies Henry
Rice, of the Audubon Society, who
was here today, stated that the pres?
ervation of the lark is the important
factor In holding down the pest in
other parts of the state should it ap?
pear. The lark has been killed out
In many ways, mainly by poisoning,
as If he were the enemy of the farm
Instead of the salvation of the crop,
in mai.y instances.
KING COTTON CARNIVAL.
South Carolina to he Represented by
South Carolina will be represented
by products from Its cotton mills at
the great "King Cotton Karnlval"
that will he held In one of the South
ern cities. The exact date for the
carnival has not been set but will be
The movement is vci \ broad In its
' mo pa, Aside from the value of cot?
ton as a Ahr? int?? which cloth Is
made, tbe cotton plant bus a hsu in ? d
tin- place Of an actual necCMlty in
the commerce of the world. Tbe oil
of the seed is rapidly taking the place
Of hOfl lard. As a cleaner ami more
Wholeaorot shortening for bread and
paotrlei it Ii recommended by the
best chefs as superior to olive oil for
cooking and preserving; it serves as
a vehicle for the finest liniments and
in almost every way is supplanting
j olive oils in the compounding of
drugs. Soaps and other toilet articles
are also prepared from the cotton
seed and the hulls are used for feed?
These uses and many others to
Which cottonseed may be put and the
manufactured articles become corn
moditles will be exhibited at the
'King Cotton Karnival" which is now
being arranged for. in this state the
plant f >r which the world waits and
Ipon which the sun that shines is*
tempered with the prayers of all the
peoplei is a power In the commercial
world and the educational value Of
the exhibit will be Immense to Its
Hold Your Cotton Says Smith.
Laarens. Sept. 6.?United States
Senator E. D. Smith and State Sen?
ator John H- Wharton delivered
speeches here today, the occasion be?
ing the monthly meeting of the Laur
ens County Farmers' Union associa?
tion. The meeting was held in the
court house and was attended by a
'arge number of farmers from every
section of the county.
Genatof Smith came down from Sa
iuda la'-t night, accompanied by Mr.
.'.alloway, his secretary. His speech
aroused much interest, especially
that portion devoted to the cotton sit?
uation. He stated that the crop was
the shortest in 15 years and the Indi?
cations were that the yield would be
at least 3.500.000 short this year.
With this situation confronting the
cotton raiser he felt that he should
advise the holding of every bale pos
sible until a better price can be ob?
tained, as is sure to be the case with?
in a few months.
New Cost Suits.
The Sumter Dry Goods Co. is show?
ing the advanced s:yles for the com?
ing season in Tailored Suits, Coat
Dresses and Capes. They are very at?
tractive and they like to show them.
The passenger train due at 7:3 on
Saturday did rot arrive until
11:30 o'clock, having been delay?
ed at the Watere river by a fire
which burned a portion of the trestle.
The damage to the trestle was not
New 'Illing** in Neckwear.
Have you seen the New Things in
Neckwear at The Sumter Dry Goods
Co.'s. If not. go and see them. They
will not all be there next week.
The banks and dispensary were
closed Monday, bu'. that was the only
visible sign of Labor Day. All the
stores were open and business was
This is the style name which is ap?
plied to one of The Sumter Dry Goods
Co.'s exclusive Tailored Suits. It is
a one piece Coat Dress which is prac
tical and with some class to it.
CHOP ! '?PORT AFFECTO MAR?
!lri( r?; Art) Steadier and Operator
Seek so Close Fending Deals.
New York, Sept. 5.?The net re?
sult of the publication of an unex?
pectedly low government crop condi?
tion report on the market for cotton
goods and yarns was a steadying of
prices and a noticeable increase in the
desire of large operators to close all
pending deals for goods to be deliv?
ered on contract.
While jobbers have not been able
to bring cotton gcods prices up to a
parity of the values prevailing in th'
primary market, they are generally
convinced that a high level will have
to be paid for new stocks. The lo?
cal jobbers had a good week, a spe?
cial sale of dress broadcloths result?
ing in a distribution of a quarter of a
million dollars' worth of fall fabrics.
Art '.on 08.
Lovers of Pretty, : ;':>? .-. Linens ire
invited to look over the largest and
prettiest assortment sumter ever saw
at The Sumter ?i > Goods Co
FOR SALE?Seed rye and oats, wi)
have, seed wheat, barley etc.. late:
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., 8-'i
Fftr FARMING LANDS,
A V * LJClIC ? in th8 F0||0wjng Sjze? Tracts:
? 7? Acres.
One Place._._381 Acres.
All of the above within six miles of Sumter on good
public r >ad.
One Place.277 Acres, three miles from Wedgefield.
Two Places_100 Acns each near Privateer, S. C.
Three Places.40 Acres each, near Privateer, S. C.
All at prices that are right. For particulars, see
SUMTER REAL ESTATE & INSURANCE CO.,
Chicago, 111., ?d Return
Atlantic Coast Line
Account American Hankers Association, September
13-18th. Tickets on sale September 10, it, 12th. Final re_
turn limit September 20th.
For further information, reservation, etc., call on
Ticket Agent, or write,
\\ . J, CRAIG, T. C. WHITE,
Paaaenger Traffic Manager. General Paaaenger Agent.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
FKKNCdl SURGEON'S SKILL
Grafts Sheep's Jugular Vein in a
Paris, Sept. 3.? Prof. Doyen, well
known for his investigations into the
origin of cancer, has created a sensa?
tion in the scientific world by success?
fully grafting the jugular vein of a
sheep into a man's leg. This is sale
to he the first time that the operation
In vein grafting has been carried out
I etween an animal ?and a human be?
Dr. Doyen's patient was suffering
from an extensive arterial aneurism
of the leg. which was cured by an
operation, but there remained an ede
matous condition of the limb, indicat?
ing the insufficiency of the deep ven?
ous circulation could not compensate
for. Accordingly, Dr. Doyen decided
to substitute a sheep's vein, 25 centi?
meters long, for the vein which had
been operated on.
After the patient had been chloro?
formed the sheep's vein was success?
fully put in position, and immediately
the deep venous circulation was re?
established and the edematous condi?
tion of the leg rapidly disappeared.
The segment of the sheep's vein, be?
fore being grafted, was placed in an
isotonic salt solution.
Dr. Doyen, who has just left Paris
to take part in the International Med?
ical Congress at Budapest, where he
will give a detailed description of this
operation, says that it is one that must
be completed within 4 5 minutes; oth
rv. ise, the transplanted vein dies, and
NEGRO ACCUSED OF MOON
Cherokee Officers Find ??still" Close
to Colored .Man's House.
Gaffney. Sept. 3.?Van Whitsonant,
colored, was before the United States
commissioner here today, charged
with working in a distillery near
King's Creek station in this county
The testimony was to the effect that
two officers who had located the
plant, concealed themselves in the
neighborhood, and in the early morn?
ing saw the negro come to the still,
look around, and then with the cun?
ning and sagacity of a hound track
them to where they were concealed,
although nothing but the disturbed
leaves indicated the place. The offi
<-r< fired at tho fleeing negro, but
!;ii'^d to stop him The plant was
located within a few hundred yard*
>f the hOUSS Of tfte pegro, and 1hto%
Is a well defined path from his hOUtfe
to the still. The commissioner deem?
ed the evidence sufficiently strong to
warrant his binding the negro over
to the October term of Court, ajodJ
required him to give bond in the
sum of $300 for his appearance there?
Very Bad Cough.
Pe-ru-na Stopped 11L
DAUGHTER OF MRS. J, M. BROWN.
Mrs. J. M. Brown, Dunnegan, Mo^
writes: "My little daughter, thre^
yearn old, was troubled with a very bad
cough which remained after an attack
of catarrhal fever, which was a great
deal worse at night.
"She would wake up out of her sleep
and cough until I feared she could nut
"Nothing that we gave her seemed
do her any good. I then concluded to'
Bond for Dr. Hartman's book entitled
?The Ills of Life,* which I promptly
"I at the same timecommenced g ring
her Peruna. She hau taken one bottle
in all, through which the has obtained*.
a complete cure. I
MShe also since her birth was troubled
with indigestion, but since site haa
taken Peruna the can eat almost an7
kind of food without any bad results.
"She is now as well and happy as any
little girl can be. W hen our friends
?ay bow well she looks, I tell th*:
Peruna did it.
**I shall always be a friend of Pcruns
as I consider tt the best medicine for
coughs and Indigestion we have ever
triad, and will recommend it to any on*
MRS. LYDIA J. 8P00NER, Saata
Monica, CaL, writes that they are*
I never without Peruna in the home, that
they find it the Pnest family reuie*2jP
they have a? er used._
' "Men may come, and men may go,"
Tlie Mutual life Insurance Oo.
'? Goes on forever.
j For sixty-six years The Mutual Life
Insurance Co. has met every obliga?
tion promptly and satisfactorily.
Do * >t delay wow is the time '-j^
I. H. I .OilYEA, Special V:eni.
Clare udoe) aod Bernte* Qptiaflae.
THE MLTUAL LIFE INS. CO.
of New York,
Manning, S. C. ^
J. E. MoFaddin,
S. L TflL
Sumter, S. C.
I E are cleaning up stock prior to
eoine; to market. If you need anything
in Muslin Underwear now is your time to buy This
is the opportunity to save money.
.25 L'd's Drawers .19 _ .20 Corset CVrs . 15 j
.50 44 M .39 .25 M .19
75 M M -59 _I .35 M M .24
1.00 44 41 .83 .50 M M .39
O'Donnell * Co.