Newspaper Page Text
' I1WBY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
of Interest From all Parts of
and Adjoining Counties.
If OTIC K TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mail your letter* to that chey will
rwaea thle ofRce not later than Mon?
te? when intended for Wednesday's
saver end not Inter than Thursday
tar Saturday ! Issue This, of course,
only to regular correspond
In eese of Items of unusual
?nine, send In immediately by
telephone or telegraph. Such
?torlos are acceptable up to the
of gotag to prose. Wednesday's
to printed Tuesday afternoon
iturday's paper Friday after
Wtaecky. Sept. 2 ? Notwithstanding
SO dry. hot weather, business Is
active. Everyone has a move
wa him and things happen. Cotton
cars are plentiful, and are anx
to pick. Two ginneries of four
r-eaw gins each, are In opera
Mr. DeaChamps has been run
ever a week. Mr. Cooper who
rebuilt, began work today with
outfit. Cotton In opening very
lly and being sold as fast as g?n
We have a fine cotton market,
is a great convenience to the
ler*. The corn crop, which was
promising, at one time, will not
as much as was expected on ar
it of hot, dry spells In August,
eevy crop* of fodder have been sav
I In good condition. Peavlne hay
very promising. I fear there will
I very few peas gathered..
Mr. Willie McCutchen opened his
on the let of September with
Mr. Thomas In charge.
Mr. Robert Cooper and his sisters,
Mfteses Mary and Netta returned this
nsernlng from Montreal. *
A number of Wlsacky folks took
advantage of the excursion rates to
Washington. All enjoyed their trip
aad gave glowing accounts of their
visit to our National Capital.
Prof. Wilton Scott has gore to
ein?, where he will take charge
the graded school for the next
The Wlsacky school will open on
fee lith Inet, with Miss Blanche
is as teacher. Through the
iful efforts of this earnest and
ifntNlttle lady the school bulld
sill be f.-reatly improved, in looks
comfort. Would we had more
Lottie DesChamps will teach
MIsr Sadie DesChamps will soon
for he ? school.
Mum Isabel Durant goes to Ben
rllle is a teacher of music
r. Oenle Durant has moved back
hie old home, much to the delight
hie many friends. I am always
to see those who have left the
'?s Numbers of our young people will
leave ue to return to their
)?. and I trust, after a long
int vacation, will apply them
and make good use of their
?rtunltles to Improve their
Mm. P. L. Bridges after an ex?
tended travel la back with us for a
We are glad to have Mr. Charlcp
flame is back with us, completely
exonerated from the charges brought
Unat him. I think there should be
redrese for anyone who has to
eeffet such Indignities and humllita
"tlon without a cause.
Our pastor Is on his vacation and
ere are without preaching for a
We have not been favored with
vain ax some others have, and the
oetton crop la suffering,
j There will be a number of hogs to
hill thle fell in this section. So we
win have an abundance of hog and
Very llttte sickness in our com
?nity. and our people are generally
iperoue. Best wishes for . the
Wlaarky. Sept. 5.?We are having
is eeverent spell of dry weather we
ise had this season, and cotton If*
ling rapidly, and the crop will be
distressingly short. The gins are kept
rdftd all the while, and the short
will eoon be gathered. The pea
In failing for want of rain. I*ate
will he a complete failure.
The girls arid boys are leaving for
thn different colleges after spending
a happy vacation. Their homes will
be lonely without IhSgg
Mr. and Mrs. Jam* Kugllsh. < f
jitahopviiie. aoooxa peeled by thelf
daughter, Mis Wb'lm.'r gmlth, Ol
Clinton, spirit a pb.isimt dey this
week at the horns or Mi vi, Mrii
Messrs Clifton Lodlagham l Dd My
gsjgj Smith h?i\e te Camden ;"or
a f?* Joys ol plea urs
Rev. H. K M Jr? b,-..-i. oi K.shop
vllle. preached at the Ivanhoe sei.I
house last 0**0*9 iftem iv Which
was greatly enjoyed by the congrega?
There are a few cases of fever In
SUvy Davis, an old family servant,
died Thursday morning at the home
of Mrs. K. J. Williams, after a severe
illness of several months with dropsy,
having the second stroke of paralysis,
which ended a long and useful life Of
7? years, and being faithful to every
trust, she won the love and respect
of all who knew her, and no doijbt,
has received the welcome plaudit
"Well done good and faithful ser?
A Good Man Gone.
Smlthvllle, 8ept. 6.?This entire
community was Inexpressibly sadden?
ed by the death of our friend and
Brother, Mr. J. M, Wilson. The de?
ceased died at the Sumter Hospital,
where he had been an inmate for
several weeks. All that medical aid
and loving hands could do, was done,
but It was of no avail. The remains
were brought back yesterday and in?
terred at St John's cemetery, at 4
o'clock yesterday afternoon. Through
his death the church has sustained a
great loss. He was an able and effi?
cient officer, ever ready to perform
his duties. He leaves a wife and sev?
eral children, an aged mother and
two sisters to mourn his loss. Truly
It can be said of htm, "it is well with
Attention is called to the concert
of action among the orphan institu?
tions of South Carolina with regard
to a special work day effort Saturday.
September 25, next. Thornwell Or?
phanage, Connie Maxwell Orphanage
and Epworth Orphanage have defi?
nitely planned for the success of the
day and are circulating literature
upon the subject. We presume that
every orphan Institution, of whatever
size or under whatsoever auspices,
will be glad to have its friends re?
member it -on this day.
The plan Is simple enough. Let ev?
ery boy and girl, every man and wo?
man, young and old, devote the In
come of the day to the Orphanage of
his choice. Some of the children may
pick cotton, others may gather up
old iron and sell It, some will do odd
Jobs, others will devote their salary
or wages of that day to the care of
Coming down to the plain truth, if
there any cause that warms the cock?
les of the heart like the plea for the
fatherless? Let all the people Join
In the work day effort Sept. 25, and
roll up a big amount for the orphans,
and forward the same to such Institu?
tion as each may select.
PAPER LIKELY TO ADVANCE.
Canada Will Probably prohibit Ex?
portation of Pulp Wood.
Quebec* Sept. 3.?A deputation rep?
resenting all of the pulp and paper
manufacturers and all of the Cana?
dian owners of rights to cut timber
on Crown lands in the Province of
Quebee have called upon Sir' Lomer
Gouln, the premier, and asked the
government to prohibit the export r'
pulp wood to the United States. T1k
Americans having the right to cut
timber on Crown lands did not Join.
The matter Is to be submitted to
the Cabinet, and the indications arc
that the exportation of pulp wood
will be prohibited throughout the
Dominion. The Inevitable conse?
quences will be a sharp advance in
print paper throughout the United
"GRAFT CASES" FOR TRIAL.
Attorney General and Associates Will
Announce Ready Soon.
Columbia, Sept. 5.?Active prepar?
ations are being made by Attorney
General Lyon and his associate attor?
neys for a trial of the dispensary
"graft" cases at the coming term of
court, which convenes Tuesday, with
Judge Memmlnger presiding.
The attorneys have been at work
for some time gathering up the loose
ends of the evidence obtained at in?
tervals, and the cases brought up are
expected to be of Interest throughout
the entire country.
It is not known yet when the cas^s
will be called, although it Is thought
that some of them will be taken up
during the second week of court. All
may not be brought up at the present
term as each of the trials may con?
sume several days and it is custom?
ary to c lear the jail of prisoners Ik
fore th?' other sates art started.
Those now under Indictment In?
clude Jaa. s. Parnum, Jno, Black, Jos.
k Wylle, Jno. Bell Towlll, L \v. Boy
kin, w. <?. Tamm, m , A. Ij.Imnn,
Jodie If, Rawllnson, w. a. Byars and
Rights of srsj hav< been secured
I foi the proposed railroad from Green?
vllh lo Augusta.
Bxp . ?-s elevators in Nee* fork's
I tali ofnee buildings frequently run ai
I ? t as five hundred feet In a mio
?U. i, J jffj
BELIEVES DU. COOK HONEST.
Capt. Fridtjof Nansen Says He Has
Perfect Confidence in Explorer's
Christiana, Sept. 5.?Capt. Fridtjof
Nansen returned here last evening
from Bergen. Telegrams from all
parts requesting an opinion on Dr.
Cook's achievement awaited him, but
Capt. Nansen said that he did not
wish to answer them before the par?
ticulars were made public. To a cor?
respondent he said that errors in the
newspaper report were apparent and
that certain points of the published
statement required elucidation and
Personally, however, Capt Nansen
declared he had confidence in Dr.
Cooks trustworthiness. He consider?
ed It possible to reach the North Pole
by the aid of dogs, but he pointed out
that the placing of a sealed report
and the planting of the Stars and
Stripes in the ice were unless as the
drift would take them away from the
spot where they had been put down.
TO BUILD THE DREADNOUGHTS.
Cramps and New York Shipbuilding
Company will Get the Contracts.
Washington, Sept 3.?The award of
the contracts for the two new "Amer?
ican dreadnoughts" of 26,000 tons
each, the Wyoming and the Arkansas,
which are expected to be announced
next week, will be made to William
Cramp & Sons, of Philadelphia, Pa.,
and the New York Shipbuilding Com?
pany, of Camden, N. J.
The Maryland Steel Company, of
Sparrow's Point, Md., which submit?
ted the lowest bid for the new fleet
collier to be constructed for the
navy, will get the contract for
DIRECTORS TO MAKE GOOD.
Held Liable For Losses On Loans To
Saratoga, N. Y., Sept., 3.?Thirteen
former directors of the Trust Company
of the Republic are held responsible
in a decision made public today by
Justice Van Kirk, for losses sustained
by the trust company through loans
authorized in 1902 by its president
Daniel Leroy Dresser.
These loans were made from the
company's funds on securities of the
United States Shipbuilding Company,
and restitution to the trust company
was asked in a suit brought by Char?
les H. Kavanaugh, a stockholder,
against the directors. The action was
tried before Justice Van Kirk Tn this
village during the greater part of
Tune and July.
Justice Van Kirk holds that the de?
fendant directors?Perry Belmont,
?harles D. Marvin, James McMahon,
Thomas Crimmins, Charles W. Wet
more, William D. Baldwin, Ballard
McCall, Charles F. Brooker, George
J. Gould, Eldridge G. Snow, Herbert
L. Satterlee, George C. Boldt and Stuy
vesant Fish?failed to perform proper?
ly their duties as directors;that losae^
sustained by the trust company were
due to negligence, and that the indi?
vidual directors are liable for the loss?
es suffered by the company
luring their terms of office after
August 19, 1902. when. Justice Van
Kirk decides, had they performed then
duties they would have learned of im?
proper and reckless loans being made
to Lewis Nixon, president of the
United States Shipbuilding Company,
and others. Up to this date, he says,
nothing had occurred of sufficient im
;ortance to put the directors on their
Justice Van Kirk excepts George C.
Boldt from liability for transactions
made after July 1 and prior to Oc?
tober 10, 1902, because he was nec?
essarily absent from New York. The
Justice also permits the defendant
directors, after paying the judgment
ordered in this action, to purchase
back from the trust company, at a
price of 7 for the common and 4 2 for
preferred, stock of the Bethlehem
Stock Coroporatlon, which was real?
ized by the trust company in connect?
ion with the items held by the court
to be losses. He allows credit pro rata
to the directors for 181.000, received
by the trust company in its action"
against the .Sheldon syndicate.
In his Undings the Justice gives n<?
total of the losses for which he holds
the directors accountable. The action
was brought to recover about $700,
The Judgment awarded will, With
Interest, reach about $350,000. accor?
ding to the attorney for the plaintiffs
J, YY. Trott, a bridgeman. was in?
jured by a piece of iron falling on
him While Si work on the Southern
railway bridge across tin- Baluda
The pine reachei a maximum age
J ol 700 years; tb< silver dr. 426; the
i larch, -T.'<; the red beech, 246; the
j nrpen, 210; the birch, j<?"; the ash
I i7"; the elder, 146, and the elm, 130.
The Koh-l-noor diamond originally
w? Ighed nearly B00 envats. but by
?uccesslve cuttings has been reduced
I to 1 (Mi carats.
DANES HONOR COOK.
DISCOVKKF.R OF NORTH POLK
GIVEN OVATION IN COPEN?
Thousands Cheer HIni When He
I www Is aiHl EntliusluHtle Welcome
Extender! by King an<l DaniHli (iov
eminent Ofllcials?Reception and
Dinner Given by Crown Prince.
Copenhagen, Sept. 4.?Dr. Fred?
erick A. Cook stepped from the
steamer Hans Egede in Copenhagen
on the arm of the crown prince of
Denmark at 10 o'clock this morning
unshorn and looking like a sailor be
fore the mast. He sat down to din?
ner at 8 o'clock tonight In the city
hall, the guest of a brilliant company
of the capital's most distinguished
men and women. He was arrayed In
evening dress provided by the king's
The hours between these events
were the busiest of Dr. Cook's life.
They were hours of speech-making,
hand-shaking; bowing to clamoring
crowds,' and then after addressing the
people* wh^Almost tore him to pieces
in their eagerness to see the discov?
erer of the pole, Dr. Cook was the re?
cipient of formal welcomes at the ho?
tel, where he is the government
guest. Later he lunched with ? Dr.
Maurice F. Egan, the American min?
ister, being plied incessantly for an
hour with questions. He went through
hundreds of telegrams, including con?
gratulations from geographical so
cities of several nations, explorers and
friends, offers of exploitation, rang?
ing from books to music hall engage?
ments, and then hurried to the palace
and gave the king and other members
of the royal family a long account
of his adventures.
Returning to his hotel he received
a battalion of correspondents, who
subjected him for another hour to a
merciless cross-examination, demand?
ing explanations of all the criticisms
that have been leveled against his
These questions Dr. Cook answered
with the best temper, frankly and
fully. Whatever may be said of Dr.
Cook elsewhere, he is regarded here
as a modest, frank man.
The banquet was held in the mag
niflcent municipal building, 400 per?
sons, many of them ladles, attended.
There was a preliminary reception
in the lofty and spacious entrance
I hall. The company marched upstairs
to the air of the "Star Spangled Ban?
The speeches teemed with compli?
ments to Dr. Cook The mayor of
Copenhagen said that the name was
once more enrolled among the great
explorers. Minister Egan brietly pro?
posed a toast to the king of Den?
mark, and the corporation president,
in proposing a toast to the president
of the United States, spoke of the
pride that mu.it be felt by the nation
which could boast that it was her son
who first planted the flag where no
human being had ever before set foot.
Dr. Cook replied in a few words to
tiie compliments, modestly saying:
"I thank you very much for the
warm and eloquent words but I an;
unable to express myself properly. It
was a rather hard day for me. but 1
. ever enjoyed a day better. The Da::'/
s.aV? taken no active part in polar ex?
plorations but they have been ol
much importance as silent partners in
almost every Arctic expedition in re?
cent years. The most important fac?
tor in my expedition was the Eski?
mo dog world and T can not be too
thankful to the Danes for the care ol
the Eskimo, and now they also have
instituted a mission at Cape York.
Had I not met with the right Eski?
mos and the right dogs and the right
provisions, I could never have reach?
ed the pole. I owe much to the Dan?
ish nation for my success."
A telegram was read conveying the
congratulations of the king of Swed?
en for "a brilliant deed, of which the
American people may rightly be
proud." Toasts to Mrs. Cook and to
the Eskimos of the party were drunk.
Two hundred students in Ui m
marched in when the compan., re?
turned to the grand hall and gave
Dr. Cook a rousing cheer. They In?
sisted upon a speech and sang songs.
A noteworthy feature of the banquet
after Dr. Cook's acceptance in the
morning was that the applications for
seats reached into the thousands.
The most detailed account of his
polar journey as yet given by Dr.
Cook was gained from him by a large
body of newspaper correspondent*
whom he met this evening. Dr. Cook
m t he ? request of the correspondent!
consent? d to answer all Questions,
First, he was asked whether or not
the first account of his discovery of
the pole could i>?' accepted as entirely
his own work. He replied in the af?
firmative except i'or the obvious er?
tors in transmission, lb- then explain
ed tin- doubl about the 30,000 square
miles discovered, saying that lie meant
they were able to gee i"> mtlci on
euch side during their Journey t<> tic
pole and" that, therefore, a hlthert >
unknown territory of 30,000 square
miles was now dlacovered.
Dr, Cook proceeded to show that
he was fully competent to take all
observations, saying that on previous
expeditions he did very little observa?
tion work, which usually was divided
among the members of the party.
"This time,*' he continued, "we had
started out to reach the pole and ev?
erything else was of secondary con?
sideration. It was not possible to carry
certain apparatus and it was impos?
sible also to study the deep sea or to
take soundings. We carried all neces?
sary sunpb- instruments for astrono?
mical observations and we were very
lucky to obtain observations virtually
every day. The positions noted must
have been nearly correct.
"We had three chronometers, one
watch, compasses and pedometers. All
were carefully controlled by each oth?
er from time to time. The watch,
however, got out of order.
"We had ail the modern Instru?
ment? which other explorers have
had, including thermometers, barom?
eter* and eextanta of the latest mod?
els. It is possible that our observa?
tions were better than thoee of ear?
lier days, but I do not assert that I
am perfectly familiar with making
astronomical observations, especially
In the polar regions. I think that all
explorers -vflfiL-be '."aitlMied with my
"Why should I sit down and invent
observations?" he exclaimed. "I did
not do this thing for anything save
sport, and because I take a real in?
terest in the problem. It would not
do me any good to invent these
things. The only witnesses I had
were t\4o Eskimos, certainly, but In
all polar expeditions observations
have been made by one man. I re?
gard the Eskimos as much more In?
telligent in finding positions than the
white man in the Arctic. These peo?
ple, as a rule, are not absolutely ig?
norant. They know that the earth Is
round. They have a name for the
pole, which they call the 'Big Nail.'
They appreciate the work of explor?
ers when participating therein.
"I think Rasmussen has obtained
some Information regarding my ex?
peditions from the Eskimos who have
learned it from the two with me.
Rasmussen was there much later and
his information will be published
shortly, possibly tomorrow.
"Concerning the ice around the
pole, so far as I could see. it was
slightly more active there than at one
or two degrees south. It drifted some?
what more to the south and east. Its
general character is not very differ?
ent from that at other places. We
stayed around the pole for two days,
making many observations. I do not
claim to have put my ringer on the
exact spot; I do not claim to have put
my foot on it, but personally I think
we have been at the spot. When the
observations have been figured out
again it is possible that there will be
found slight errors and differences,
but I am certain that a gunshot fired
from where we were would have pass?
ed over the pole.
"We planted the Stars and Stripes
at what we believed to be the pole,
but did not leave the flag with a staff.
Instead I placed a small silk flag in a
cylinder with my card and the re?
cord of the journey with the date.
"The drift ice may carry the flag
away, but to me that is a matter of
indifference. I should have been very
glad to have found land there.
"I am quite prepared to place my
observations before any geographical
society in the world. I think there is
no doubt about my obtaining authori?
tative recognition. I have already re?
ceived telegrams from the geographl
al societies of Sweden, Norway, Den?
mark, Belgium and other countries,
while Amundsen, Nordenskjold, Cagni
and Lecointe have acknowledged my
work. I offer my observations to
science the same as other men have
done and I accept the responsibility.
"As to the temperature at the pole
it was minus 83. I took about 400
photographs, one of which shows the
American flag flying. These as yet
have not been developed."
Questioned regarding his great
speed, Dr. Cook said:
"The daily distance covered on the
northward trip was slightly less than
15 miles; on the southward trip it was
10 miles. This is not an abnormal
distance for Eskimos on the Ice. They
often travel 50 or 60 miles with
dogs. One of the greatest advantages
of our trip was that I did not take a
famine route. We had game for a
long time, perhaps for 100 miles. We
fed otir dogs well throughout the
winter In Greenland and ran them
400 miles, giving them fresh meat ev?
ery day. Thus we brought them to
the Polar sea fat and well. We had
he I oat men and the best dogs.
? w lived entirely on dried meat
and beef tallow, reducing the food
problem to :> science. The bist trace
of animals we saw was a bear track
at 83 degrees, afterwards we did not
even see life in the water except
algae. The drift of the Ice during the
entire southern trip was slightly south
? I east; tin direction of the Wind a*as
generally south of weat. We found
several of Sverdruh's old camps. The
reason we utilised silk tents on some
occasions was that we were so ex?
hausted thai we had not strength to
build a enow sin d. We bad careful
. |y figured and planned everything so
that there was no surplus weight to
carry. Wit did not run short except
when we went astray.
"During the expedition we ate all
kinds of meat. I like musk ox best,
but we would eat bear or fox if the
other was not obtainable. Everything
tastes good when one is starving. We
brought ten dogs back with us, the
others having been eaten by their
companions. We used the laso. traps
and bows and arrows to catch game.
It took two months to learn how to
trap a moose. One of the men shot
an elder duck with arrows."
Special Attorney Employed to Assist
In the Prooecutlon.
Columbia, Sept. 5.?-The prosecu?
tion in the indictments brought and
afterwards jto be presented to the
grand jury in the case against those
Involved in the organization of the
Seminole Securities Company, will be
pushed by J. V. Thurmond, an attor?
ney of Edgefteld. and former solicitor
of this circuit when Rich land was in?
cluded in the Lexington-Edgefield ter?
ritory. The cases will come up at the
coming term of court if possible and
It is very probable that other indict?
ments will be brought then. The
prosecution as planned by the receiv?
ers was not pushed according to Mr.
W. F. Stevenson, who was In the city
yesterday, because of the difficulty in
securing th* service of some of the
lawyers interested in the receivership
hearing, to continue in the criminal
work. Mr. Stevenson is busy in the
dispensary litigation and could not
serve. It is thought, however, as a
result of recent investigations that a
number of additional warrants will be
AUGUST BAD MONTH FOR COTON.
Serimis Deterioration Reported Al?
New Orleans, La., Sept. 5.?In sum?
marizing the reports of its corres?
pondents on the cotton crop for the
month of August, the Times-Demo?
crat will tomorrow say:
Sharp deterioration has been the
rule, and the loss has, in many dis?
tricts amounted to a disaster.
Excessively high temperatures and
parching winds h&Ve forced the bolls
to open prematurely and caused the
plant to shed.
There are complaints of damage by
boll weevils in some sections, but the
abnormal heat has. of course, mini?
mized the ravages of all insects.
Picking will soon be general. Most
farmers seem inclined to sell at cur?
rent prices, though there is a desire
to hold at least a part of the crop for
RAILROADS MUST EXPLAIN.
Why Rave Separate Management for
Some Short Lines?Controlled by
Columbia, Sept. 4.?An important
conference will be held here on Sep?
tember 21, between the railroad com
misssion and the presidents of the
Atlantic Coast Line and Conway Coast
and Western railroads. According to
the sworn annual repor*s of these two
roads they are one and the ? same
thing, the Atlantic Oop?-t Line owning
by direct purchase of 10 per cent of
the stock, the conway Coast and
Western, although they are operated
under separate managements and offi?
The point the railroad commission
wants to determine about this and
other similar situations ovtr the State
is by what rights these roads operate
separately so as to charge three cent
mileage for passenger service on the
short line and a combination freight
rate of double the locals less 20 per
cent and it is a fact that it is said
can not be avoided or denied, that the
local rates are in some instances
much higher on this short line than
prevails on the main trunk lines ope?
rating in the State.
Ttu railroad commission's informa?
tion gleaned from these annual re?
ports and elsewhere, is that many of
the alleges independent short lines
which are allowed by law to charge
higher passenger rates and whose so
called independence caut'? higher
freight rates under the custom and
law of double the local less 20 per
cent in cases of shipments over two
or more sparate roads, are owned by
the Atlantic Coast Line, Southern or
Some of the smaller roads are own?
ed jointly by these three principal
Many s fellow with no desire for
great wealth would like to be rich
enough to tel his boss .hist what he
thinks of him.
W. B. Westlake, formerly of Ashe
n ill*- but now of r.reenville, is making
srrangements to establish an after?
noon paper In the latter city.
\\. T. Saxon, of Greenwood, owns
a violin supposed to be 23? years old.
I The ginnery of J. D. Crossland in
, Darlington county was destroyed by
' lire. Loss $7.000.