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PRESERVATION OF GAME AND
FISH IH AN UP-HILL FIGHT.
How the Money U Spent?(tame Wsr
?Rtw and Secretary Need Hupport of
People In Interest* of the State.
"In arousing the people of South
Carolina to their danger In permit?
ting the slaughter of their birds, the
Audubon Society has spared neither
time nor expense. How acute the
danger In may be easily shown." This
was the Interesting announcement
mads by Secretary Rice.
"But In the first instance," he con?
tinued. "It la necessary to correct an
error which has crept into the popu?
lar mind ss to the society's resources.
The State of South Carolina has done
nothing for the society so fsr except
to clothe it with power, beyond the
fsct of allowing It to use the non-res
Ident license. Last yesr this amount?
ed to about IS.000. The society has
nothing else to rely on but Its mem
be rehlp fees. Last year the mem?
bership amounted to $411, all told.
Sach member pays s fee of $? for his
ticket and this Includes a year's dues.
Regular dues thereafter are $1."
As the society has out nearly S00
wardens and the secretary Is con?
stantly traveling In the Interest of the
work. It will be seen that, an enor?
mous return Is being rendered for the
small pittance at the society's oom
In fact. It has been largely a labor
of love on the part of the officers who
have stuck to their duty through all
klads of embarrassments and disap?
pointments, since they saw the Im?
perious necessity of pushing the work
to a conclusion while the opportunity
The last month may be taken as a
fair sample of the work as a whole,
which has goue on without abate?
ment for the past three years.
Secretary Rice left home on Au?
gust 3 for the low-country, stopping
at Columbia to confer with President
Taylor about Important matters In
the field. Among these were the ex?
tradition of a noted egg thief in Geor?
gia, various trials of violators of the
law. cases pending and cases to be
in August the secretary met the
farmers of Rlchland county at Hop?
kins and addressed a large gathering,
leaving on the afternoon train for
Charleston. Having got the various
cuestlons there In working order the
following Thursday he delivered the
Sanaa! address at the'dinner of the
Christ Church Parish Agricultural
society, six miles above Mount Pleas?
ant. !n the middle of the famous as?
paragus belt, where the ttnest aspara?
gus In the world Is grown and where
exists the largest pecan grove in the
The following day he went on to
Summervllle. arrested and .tried, ten
men for shooting deer out of season
and met the cltlsens In mass meeting
the following Monday night, deliver?
ing a talk to an enthusiastic audi?
The following day he went on via
Pregnalls to Elloree. Vange and oth
t er points, winding up at Orangeburg.
Leaving that point in the early morn?
ing hours he went on to Sumter en
route to Mayesvllle which he reached
by automobile at 10 o'clock. There he
met the farmers from Lee, Sumter
and Clarendon counties, Dr. Goodrich
of the United States department of
agriculture and himself addressing
Returning to Sumter that night,
Secretary Rice went on to Manning
next morning, organised the work
there by delivering two addresses on
birds, nah and game and getting the
citizens aroused, then drove through
the country to Hummerton. At this
place organisation was effected and
an enthusiastic crowd greeted the
secretary at the new and handsome
graded school building.
Secretary Rice hurried on to Wal
terboro to keep appointments there,
received a cordial greeting from all
classes of cltlsens, delivered two ad?
dresses at the court house, some com?
ing II miles to hear him.
The next meeting was at Mount
Pleasant, where an address was de?
livered atsthe Knights of Pythias hall
to whe cltlsens of Mount Pleasant and
vicinity, and the following nlnht he
spoke to the citlsens of Summervllle
a Second tone, at which plnee he has
been so well receked that he has
been Invited by the ladles of Sum?
mervllle t?? come back ;ind deliver a
tblr I lecture dttrlMg the winter.
This Is hut an outline; of course,
fur durum this thSM tie re has been
kept <?P an getke correspondence and
the work of the wardens looked after
In Usf. Meld.
Tfcll brought to a cloee | month of
ceaseVss activity dUftUg the "dog
It n |Uest. Secretary Rice has
iBgjdfd to (Vmmissioncr Watson a
catalogue of Insect ravages on tin
various (Tops of South Carolin.i.
Ki .mi tl ? it Is learned that in- ? i '
IsJlli i a rcurt] ?asaege eg tin crops
of s-.uth OareMaa of fuiiy IIO.IOO.?
Dr V? lUUUW V Homaday. direct. I
mi th* New York zoological park and
one of the leading authorities in the
world in this line, made a careful sur?
vey from 1883 to 1898 of the birds
left In South Carolina and this show?
ed that in that 15-year period (1883
1898) South Carolina had lost 32 per
cent, or nearly one-third of its birds.
As the Audubon Society of South
Carolina only began effective work
ten years later, during which time
birds were destroyed at a rate never
before known, it Is fair to say that
fully half of the Insect-eating birds
of the State had been destroyed by
"When I first heard that story."
said Secretary Rice to The State. "In
all its details from the biological sur?
vey of the department of agriculture.
I resolved that the people of South
Carolina should have it. We were all
Ignorant of the value of birds, my?
self along with the rest, except in a
vague and indefinite way. President
B. F. Taylor was one of the very few
men In the State that had any knowl?
edge of what was going on. He got
me into It. The rest, is fairly well
known public history.
"There are still many people in the
State that have not heard the story
of the birds in saving the crops ot
the country. Wo are getting to them
as fast as possible, being hampered
by lack of everything we need, except
brain and nerve. But the people are
responding rapidly now. To forward
the cause every man in the State that
can ought to Join the society at once
without waiting to be asked; it Is
only necessary to send In a check for
$6 and get a ticket. There never will
be another time when so much may
be done with so small an amount."?
HOW VEILS ARE WORN IN TUR?
Pretty and Aristocratic Women
Choose Thinner Materials Than
Ttietr Leas Fortunate Sisters.
In Turkey the use of the veil va?
ries in severity according to the lo?
cally and also according to the class
and character of the husband. A
lady of the middle class is far more
strict than one of the artistocratlc
harem; the country-woman, on the
other hand, veils herself very lightly,
as do also the Egyptian fellaheen;
old women and those who are ill-fav?
ored veil themselves with the yash?
mak (elegant veil), which, artfully
concealing the features, gives them
the beauty of mystery. Young wo?
men, and particularly the pretty ones,
veil thmselves but lightly, the co?
quettes, as might be expected, just
enough to serve their purpose.
Offensive as it may appear to wo?
manly dignity, the Moslem veil pos?
sesses a peculiar charm. That a wo?
man should hide that which men
most admire gives her action a pi?
quant strangenes and clothes her
with all the poetry of mystery. Noth
lng can be more delightfully amusing
than to see mites of femininity, ele?
ven, twelve and thirteen years of age,
in whom the young lady is beginning
to awaken, cover their faces with I
light muslin with the insouciance oi
innocents or the comic gravity of
children combined with the buddlnr
modesty of maidens. At the age Ol
twelve or thirteen the girl ceases hei
comradeship with her boy friends
and is duly secluded with the older
women In her father's house. Of this
separation of the sexes the veil Is th?
At Constantinople, In the trains,
the tramways, the subway from Ga?
latea to Pera, the stations as well ai
the little steamers, everywhere, a par?
tition, or at least a little curtain, pro?
tects the beau-sexe against the other,
and the unspeakable Ottoman gov?
ernment In its paternal* solicitude, ha.*
taken care to build, even in th<
smallest administrative divisions jails
for women with women jailers.
In th? streets of the Turkish quar?
ter in Stamboul (Turkish for Con?
stantinople) one hears in the early
rr. orning the sounds of loud knocks
oji the doors of the houses and rough
voices crying. "Sudju" (the milk?
man). "Bakkal" (the grocer), "Eflm
edjl" (the baker). Each door opens
a little, a hand slips out and takes
the Jug of milk, the package of sugar,
the bread that Is brought, for It is
generally forbidden for Turkish wo?
men to go shopping at the market.?
K, 0, Adossldes In The Delineator.
'Toil people are at peace with all
the world.'' remarked the foreigner.
"What do yon need of a standing
army and a big navy?"
"Principally," said the native, "to
keep captain Hoi.son quiet.''?Chica?
I Miss Tsuda'i English school for
glfll in Tokio |g said to be doing a
i pioneer work of much importance In
Japan, She is really laying the foun?
dation for higher education among
Japanese warnen. The enrollment for
era! ? has been about lBO pu?
pils, .ill of whom remain in the school
for from three to five years,
Cedar Springs church, in Greenville
county, was lacken Into Saturday
night and the organ cut to piece*.
APPEAL FOR FEDERAL HELP.
Petition From Gov. Haskell and His
People Presented to President Taft.
Guthrie, Okla., Sept. 5.?Governor
Haskeil today addressed a letter to
President Taft, in which he charges
the federal government with giving
aid to violators of the prohibitory law
In Oklahoma?first, by allowing liq?
uor advertisements to be sent through
the mails; second, by not conforming
to the law in issuing federal liquor li?
censes, and, third, through the abuse
>f the protection of Inter-State Com?
The letter which is accompanied by
a petition signed by 2.000 citizens,
"We appeal to you on all three
questions above stated for such fav?
orable consideration as you may deem
within your lawful power, at this
time and in case your authority be
not legally complete, we appeal to
you to recommend, at the coming ses?
sion of congress, the enactment of
such additional legislation as may he
necessary to give complete relief on
all three propositions to the end that
the United States government may at
least cease to give aid and assistance
ro those who would violate the laws
of this or any other prohibition State
POLITICAL RUMORS IN SOUTH
"Wireless Telegram*" Tell of Com're
Campaign?The Dispensary on (he
Wane, Few Local Option Camll
dates Are to be Found.
Wm. P. Calhoun in Augusta Chronic!*
Edgefleld, S. C, Sept 4.?Your cor?
respondent was up In Columbia, S. C,
*or a day or so recently, and while
there he heard the click of the politi?
cal wireless telegraphy and the mes?
sages indicated coming events in the
State campaign of next year. The
forces are being arranged and allot?
ment made for office, or persons are
putting themselves in line.
From the message received, it
seems to be a certainty that Mr. C. O.
7eatherstone, a good man and a con?
sistent prohibitionist, wilV be the can
dlate of the Anti-Saloon League for
governor next year. He is the logical
candidate for that position, and it will
' e a very hard matter for any of the
others to side-track him. But, there
are Messrs. J. G. Richards and M. L.
Smith, both of CarMen, S. C, who
have been riding on the Anti-Laloop
League water wagon, and who expect
remuneration of some kind for their
valuable services in the couse, no
It was gathered from the aforesaid
wireless messages that Mr. Mendel L.
Smith will be a candiadte for Attor?
ney General, opposing Mr. J. Fi^iser
Lyon, the present incumbent, provid?
ed he offers for reelection, and it ll
presumed that he will. Mr. Smith Is
a very brainy man and a good law?
yer. He has been speaking for pro?
hibition for the Anti-Saloon League
luring this summer, it was thought at
i training for the governorship race
next year. Mr. Lyon, the present at?
torney general, has quite a strong fol
'owing and the race between the two
men will be quite interesting.
The messages failed to state what
the Anti-Saloon League would do with
Mr. John G. Richards, who has been
lultc prominent in the prohibition
field for some years past. Possibly
he is slated for congress, as it would,
it seems, be useless for him to op?
pose Mr. Featherstone for the sup?
port of the league for governor.
Both Mr. Smith and Mr. Richards
were formerly dispensary advocates
but they have seen the error of thel:
ways. It looks as if the dispensary
was on the decline in popularity while
the Anti-Saloon League seems to be
popular. That has caused, It seems,
many to change front.
So far there sems to be only one
lame mentioned in connection with
the race for governor on a local op?
tion or democratic platform, the An
U-Saloon League really amounting In
this .State to a separate and distinct
party which places prohibition over
and above all principles of Demo?
cracy. The man mentioned as the
real Democratic candidate is Mr.
Richard f. Manning, of Sumter, S. C.
But it is argued that he has recently
accepted a life trusteeship of Clemson
and that he cannot become a candi?
date for governor. Regardless of
that claim, if he enters the race, many
think that he wMl be easily elected
governor on a local option platform.
He is a good man. true and upright.
Fire at Manning.
Manning, Sept. 7.? pire broke out
In the st-uv occupied by Mr. L.
Thames, known as the Clarendon, this
morning at :i o'clock, causing a loss
on building of about $760 and on
itock, Including a magnificent soda
rountaln and natures <d $3,500, In
; SUred for about two-thirds of Its
value. The Manning Are department
by their promptness and skilful man?
agement confined the tit*' t<> where it
j More ships possess the name Mary
1 than any other.
BROTHER KILLS BROTHER.
One Indianian Dead and Another
Salem, Ind., Sept. 6.?As the result
of an encounter between two brothers
Sunday on the McGinnls farm, ten
miles south of Salem, Luther McGin?
nls, aged 48, is mortally wounded,
and Horace McGinnls, aged 4.">. at
his homf in a serious condition.
Since the death of William McGin
nis, father of the men. who was
found dead in a barn six weeks ago,
111 feeling has existed between the
A Boy Who Knew How.
An American boy nineteen years of
age, once found himself in London,
where he was under the necessity of
earning his bread. He was not like
many young men in these days, who
are "willing to do anything" because
they know how to do nothing, but he
had learned how to do something, and
knew Just where to go to find some?
thing to do; so he went straight to a
printing office and inquired if help
"Where are you from?*' inquired
"America," was the answer.
"Ah," said the foreman, "from
America, seeking employment as a
printer. Well, do you really under?
stand the art of printing? Can you
The young man stepped up to the
cases and in a brief space set up this
passage from the first chapter of
"Nathaniel said unto him. Can
there any good thing come out of Na?
zareth? Philip salth unto him. Come
It jvas done so quickly, so accurate?
ly, and administered a delicate re?
proof so appropriate and powerful
that it at once gave him influence,
and standing with the office. He
worked diligently at his trade, refused
to drink beer or any kind of strong
drink, saved his money, returned to
America, became a prlter, publisher,
author, postmaster general, member
Of congress, signer of the declaration
of independence, ambassador to royal
courts, and finally died in Philadel?
phia, at the age of 84. There are
more than one hundred and fifty
counties, towns and villages in Amer
ca named alter this same printer boy.
If I am weak and you are strong.
Why then, why then,
To you the braver deeds belong,
And so again,
If I have shade and you have sun,
If you have gifts and I have none
Tis yours with truer grace to live:
Tis yours with freer hand to give;
Than I who giftless, sunless stand
.Vith baric, life nd hand.
We do not asu ..a little brook to turn
We do not ask the little brook to turn
Unto the larger stream we look;
The strength of steel we do not ask
from silken bands;
Nor hearts of oak in willow wands.
We do not ask the wren to go
Up to the heights that eagles know,
Nor yet expect the lark s clear note,
From out the doe's dumb throat.
'Tis wisdom's law, the perfect code
By love Inspired
Of him on whom much is bestowed.
So much required,
The tuneful throat is bid to sing;
The oak must reign, the forest's king.
The beaten steel its strength must
The rushing stream the wheel must
'Til given to the eagle's eyes,
To face the- midday kies.
?Name of Author Unknown.
Two thousand movable kitchens
have been ordered for the Austrian
army. Each of these is a four
wheeled vehicle, weighing about half
a ton, thoroughly equipped for cook?
ing in the field.
Why We Say "Yours Sincerely."
Have you ever reflected when you
finish up your letter "Yours sincere?
ly, John Smith, why you do so or
whence came the origin of this epis?
tolary method of subscribing your
state of mind in regard to any par?
ticular correspondent? Well, if you
subscribed yourself "Yours without
wax, John Smith," it would amount
to the same thing. Here's how:
When the Roman jurymen return?
ed their verdicts they usually did so
on a wax tablet. In cases, however,
where the verdict was overwhelm?
ingly in favor of a person on trial
for any offense they were allowed to
give their verdict "Sine Cera"?that
it to say, without wax, or without
going to the formality of inscribing
their verdct on the waxtablet (cera)
So, when you subscribe yourself
"Yours sincerely" to a person you
mean?when you are serious, of
course?that your regard for him ur
above-board. "Yours faithfully is tho?
business style; "yours truly" the>
usual form, and "yours, etc." tbe>
most unpardonable of epistolary
atrocities according to the unwrtttea
Even a cabinet minister, when
writing to you in the official styla
will subscribe himself "Your obedi?
ent, humble servant." A Frechmata
will te'i you that "he remains with
especial sentiments of the highest
consideration" your Jules Le Mou
ton. A Chinaman will say "Farewell
most favored of heaven. May the
gods preserve your honorable teeth.
J. W. Ferguson, well known citisesi
of Darlington, died suddenly at him
home of heart disease.
One knot equals a
Our First Car
Horses ? Mules
WILL ARRIVE MONDAY,SEPT. 6TH. COME AND SEE
THEM, YOUR KIND WILL BE IN .THE SHIPMENT. USUAL
STOCK OF VEHICLES HARNESS, BUILDING ? ATERIAL
AND ALL KINDS OF FEED.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
III! Fan H i tat Co.
Is prepared to make liberal
loans on cotton stored in
the warehouse. : : : :
A Fair Proposition
In the daily routine of business the banker should be
reimbursed for actual outlays; and not only for this,
but for the use of his capital, time and labor he should
be fairly compensated. Upon the basis of this prop?
osition, we beg to tender you our very best service.
First National Bank, of Sumter
Chicago, 111., Return
Atlantic Coast Line
Account American Bankers Association, September
i3-i8th. Tickets on sale September io, II, I2th. Final re?
turn limit September 20th. ,
For further information, reservation, etc., call on.
Ticket Agent, or write,
W. J. CRAIG, T c WHITE,
Passenger Traffic Manager, General Passenger Agent.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
fA? E can supply von with BAGGING and TIES.
* * ('all and get our prices before you buy.
We know that we can save you money on these articles beside* ?tving you
goods that have quality.
Don't forget us whe.i you are ready to purchase.
A. A. Strauss ?& Co.t
25 NORTH MA N SI KIT. r.
S vi rater, . . South Carolina,