Newspaper Page Text
WCmttAV, SEPTEMBER IS, 1909.
The Sumter Watcam? n was found?
ed la lilt and the True Southron In
IM?. The Watchman and Southron
ttsw has the combined circulation and
cejfaeace of both of the old papers,
CUtd I? manifestly the beet advertising
medium In Sumi.er.
The burning o ' the buildings of the
Columbia Female College was a great
loon to the Methodists of South Caro?
lina but the work of the college will
go on this winter as if there had been
no Are. while the buildings are rising
from the ashes of the old.
i g ?
Col. James T. Bscon, editor of the
Edge Meld Chronicle, has gone to hi
reward after s long life that was fill
ad with service for his State and for
He gave to the world. Instead of
taking from it. and while he gathered
no store of riches, he leaves the prec
lavs heritage of s good nsme. In life
fee had the love and confidence of*hli
'netghttors and his death causes the
sincere*** sorrow wherever he was
known A brave soldier, a kindly
gentlem m. true patriot was James T.
Bacon tnd hU life and work reflected
tionor on South Carolina.
? s ?
fCdwsrd H. Harrlman may have
been "a malefactor of great wealth"
and "an undesirable citizen." but
there are mlttloaii of Americans who
betievv th.it he did more for the prac?
tical beeetR of hh> country, his gener?
ation and for posterity than his self
oleeteJ and sell-righteous critics.
When the life sntf work of Hsrrlman
sha? be compared with that of
Roosevelt by unbiased historians, the
latter may not occupy as prominent s
place hi the temple of fame as he as?
signed himself and the former may
got be Yeond amongst Hie criminal
classes Harrlman may have been un
aerwptoo* in business, but not more so
than Roosevelt wius and is in politics.
Both w?*re successful?Harrlman as a
praco ->i man In business and Roose?
velt ss a practical politician?and
succesH covers a multitude of sins.
111E LABEL GRAFT.
AU****cy General Lyon Says That He
Ha* S Head Sure Ca-*e Against Den?
Columbia, 3epL l2.i?There was
some whit of s sensation in the dis?
pensary graft cases yesterday when
Abe grand jury returned a true bill
against Dennis Welskopf on the
charge of perjury and a bench war?
rant #or his arrest was Issued. It is
prob*t*4e that he can be made to
'come "bare under extradition papers.
It hb aiteged that Welskopf testified
Yalsfftr before the dispensary Investi?
gating commission In reference to
tftavtog M&.Oee worth of labels
The evidence then given does not
corrects on d with that which sir. Lyor
has since dragged out of other wit*
I sssssss. and he declare* that there was
graft gtetd and that he knows where
ereeey cent of R was directed.
WWtskofrf is president of the Nevb
? won-WcSskopf essnpany. He had
gajggsj that be bad never offered or
paid neu- dollar of rebates, sad even
hinted at tble being an unecofltaMe
liasissi linn sir. Lyon has the data
i ts ens) contrary now. It Is -quits like ?
ry ?bat Qejg> Judson Harmon, of Ohio,
?will Issue eatradUiow papers.
Wdbdtopf Is also under Indictment
together with If. A. Goodman, John
T. Kwrt<g. L. WhU Boykln. John Bell
TowrS. and W. O. Tat urn for conspir?
acy to defraud the State of South Car
olios eel of tttt.toe in the label deal.
In th case of H. Lee Solomons. In
dieted ?.ir conspiracy to cheat and de?
fraud the State, bond was made In
the mmii >f ft Oft. the bondsmen be?
ing M ? Heath snd C. C. Pearce.
Bench warrants were issued yeeter
?day hp Judge Memminger for the ar?
rest of Jodle M Rswlinson. Joe B.
Wylie a<>d John Risek for conspiracy;
tor J. 1? Farnum for bribery and foi
U Whit tioykin. John Bell Towlll and
WIIUm O. Tatum for conspiracy to
?ebeat and defraud the State of South
Cerolien These have already given
bonds It* previous indictments.
There were In the city yesterday l
numVt*- of person* known in the dis?
pensary Investigations. Jim Farnum,
the Charleston "beer kin*." was here
and his attorney. T. Moultrte M??r
d?< t ? < 1 ? an early call on the ut
torn? , generil. Jodle M. Rawlinson
Bvfgaef c ball wag mi Mm purehasiai
gnat 1 mm? w. o Tatum, forsaet oosa?
mho > e? wore "gaaojig I ho pros
wnt' loo Ji ?* vio- ind Hem > ban -
u?*Im returned ? <> Chester lot the day.
jno t |.rley and his attorney, J. ft
Orajdon nt ( iin-inn.iti, are also hero.
?Omer attorneys bore yesterday wert
C. hi Dnnbir ?>f \ui ta, Malvern
Hill, of \tianta. md i; in. i Gilford U
Andei mi s. nioi m?*mbi>i >*l t lie firm
of And? i *??n. Felder. RountTOS ,v Wil
ton, which bus bSSS SSStSttni the n'.
torney general. Mr. a very Pattou ol
the prcM?nt InvcHtigritlnt* ( OgftgatssJog
,,,,,1 ggggtoi Cbrlstensss of the Brsi
Investigating commission were uls<?
Th* *t:. " I ' ? d the i? roil >f I
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would impr ove that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union ar e requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling c/ their successes or failures
will he appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for t) Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesville. S. C
How I Grew Three Hundred Bushels
Of Wheat on Six Acres.
At requested I will try to inform
the readers of your paper how I made
300 bushels of wheat on six acres of
common land, I call it common be?
cause it formerly made only about
half a bale of cotton per acre, this
land was cleared about 15 years ago
and has had no extra care, being
worked by tenant until last fall some
farmers began agitating the wheat
question. Some contended that you
could not make wheat without cot?
tonseed or manure, and not having
much manure and cottonseed being
worth $1.00 per hundred they didn't
think it would pay to use seed at that
price, Some even said seed would buy
more flour than your wheat would
I decided I would see if wheat
couldn't be profitably raised with
commercial fertilizers. About the
first of November I ran a stalk cut?
ter, chopping them fine, afterwards
I scattered about 500 pounds Gilt
Edge 10-2-2 guano (made by Atlanta
Oil & Fertllier Company) broadcast
per acre and broke land crosswise
with scooter plows then laid off lands
cross the opposite way and broadcast
the same amount of guano (500*
pounds per acre) again and sowed
one bushel of wheat per acre and
plowed in with some single scooter
plows that I broke with first time,
harrowed it over after plowing in un?
til I got surface thoroughly pulver?
ised. Wheat came up a perfect stand
and began to grow nicely. About
March 15th I scattered two sacks of
nitrate of soda over the six acres,
leaving out two small lands, this l
think Increased the yield considera?
bly, as there was a decided difference
In the lands, I left and where I put
the nitrate over. Below I give ex?
pense of making wheat
Preparing 'and sowing.$ COO
Broadcasting guano. 1.00
? bushels wheat at $1.30_ 7.80
f.000 pounds guano .-. 60.00
t sacks nitrate of soda .. .. 12.00
Harvesting with binder .. .. f.00
Hauling wheat to thresh .... 1.00
Thrssh's total... 35.00
, .. . .'? V 1 '?a??
Total,. ..... .. .. .. ,.$112.8?
k Deduct this, frowt 300 bushels ^of
wheat At $1.30 or $890.00 we have a
otear profit of; $337.20 or nearly $48
profit per acre. Besides. I have a
fine crop of peavlne hay growing on
the land, also my land will be In fine
shspe for a crop another year.
I have land that will make twice
as much cotton per acre as the land
I sowed In wheat, but it won't near
pay the profit that my wheat did.
T. C KELLET.
Hen.y County, Ga., Aug. 9, 1909.
P. 8. I only had 280 bushels of
wheat threshed, but fed about 30
shocks to my stock, conservatively
estimating it I place it at 300 bushels.
?From Southern Cultivator.
HAItHIS TELLS FARMEHS TO
Short Cotton Crop Places Growers In
Command of Situation.
There is no reasonable probability
of a large cotton crop this year.
The ev??r Increasing demand for raw
cotton must be met. Spinners must
haw cotton. The supply beiriK cur
tilled. Hs it undoubtedly Will be by
this years shortage, the Increased
spindles of the world createi an in
? r SSSd demand. Which no .ins logical*
!v Mill prices for the gouth's great
staple, it Is up to 111#- cotton grow
in ot ths South to pelxe thli oppor?
tunity to reap the golden harvest that
Invites them to put In th< sickle. There
should be no bargain-counter sales for
cotton this lall, i want to urge everj
farmer to ware house i is cotton, bor
Indlctmenti caused i great deal ot
comment yesterday. Attorney Gen*
sral Lyon declined last night to ex
press any opinion on the outcome but
hs declared that he has tin- evidence
to convince the people of the state
and it now Put remains to see what a
Etlohland jury will do,
row money on his ware house receipts
and pay off his indebtedness. Money
is plentiful and there is no need for
him to rush his cotton on the market
and glut it during September, Octo?
ber, November and December, as he
has so often done in the past. If no
ware house is near him it will pay
him to ship cotton to the one the
nearest at hand. Our farmers should
this fall make a supreme effort to
market their cotton gradually, and
only at remunerative prices. Already
the spinners are counting on buying
their supply of cotton during the first
few months of the cotton marketing
season, as they did last year, and as
they have done for many years. They
expect the bulk of the cotton to be
thrown on the market in three or
four months, the beginning of the
selling season. This they hope farm?
ers will do, so as to depress the price.
Now, brother farmers, let's view the
situation from a business standpoint.
You have been told for a long time
that supply and demand was the only
thing that figured in the pricing of the
staple. I want to say to you that the
demand is now much greater than the
supply. So it is evident that you have
the situation in your hands. We can?
not make this year, according to the
best estimates, more than eleven and
a half million bales, and this means
a starvation crop.
Statements from Cotton and Cotton
Oil News, of Dallas, Texas, are to the
effect that the boll weevil has devast?
ated the fields of two States, that
Louisiana and Mississippi are suffer?
ing from pests and that reports re?
ceived at the government bureau of
entomology at Dallas from the "bell
weevil areas" of Mississippi and
Louisiana show that an average of 90
per cent of the cotton boll squares are
infested at present with} the weevil.
In the Baton Rouge neighborhood.
Dr. Hunter, who is in charge of the
Southern field crop investigation, says
that 86 per cent of the squares are
Infested, while in the vicinity of
Natchez. Miss.. 0" per cent is s fair
figure. This. Dr. Runter says, Is as
bad as the worst years of the weevil
ravages In Texas. In all sections of
' the Mississippi bottoms, where the
. weevil is at .work. Dr. Hunter has
established substations, and It is from
these that the reports mentioned
above came. Regarding the condition
In Texas, a'.. the present time,' Dr.
Hunter said:" V
"West of a line conecttng Weather
ford and Austin, the dry weather has
had the effect '.of practically reducing
the damage incident to the. boll wee?
vil to nothing. Through the central
portion of the State the damage is
considerably less than it was last year.
But at the same time this report must
not be considered as meaning that the
cotton crop will be better, for it will
not. In the same proportion that the
dry weather has affected the boll wee?
vil, it ha? also affected the cotton
Texas is the hope of the past. Not
in the recollection of the oldest inhab?
itants has the blighting effect of a hot
wind of the first three days of last
week been paralleled. That spell has
cost the South fully half million bales
of cotton. It is the worst spotted
crop, too, within the recollection of
the earliest settler. The damage to the
crop in the Southwest, and especial?
ly Texas, is little short of u disaster,
and cotton should be selling for a
1 know some farmers have sold
their cotton for future delivery and
they will deliver it just as fast as they
can, Just think !'<>r n momenl what
stich u man has done. 11" has furn?
ished ammunition to the enemy to
shoot him witl?. He is killing 111??
goose tbat has laid Ihe golden egg.
And the man w ho sells his cotton ihi
vvaj Is one i>i the worsl cotton bears
? o) tin market.
< n course, stu b men will be glad
for cotton no| to go higher than thc>
have sold. So do no! be scared when
nee then) delivering their cotton,
it will sonn be oul of your way. Lei
our cotton mowers use good Judg?
ment, sell whenever the price will
justify, ami not before. The holders
oi spol cotton have he opportunity ol
MR. C. A. LANDGRAB E.
Mr. C. A. Landgrabe, Box 25, Coal
bu:g, Ohio, writes: "1 had been a slight
sufferer for a number of years, but paid
littie or no attention to it, until the
spring of this year, when my suffer?
ings became very severe.
MI had pain in the head, back, spine,
liver, chest, and various parts of my
body, besides indigestion that caused
me much trouble and anxiety. I often
thought when I retired at night I would
not live through it. X tried medical aid,
but to no purpose.
"Not knowing what was my main
trouble 1 wrote to Dr. Hartman, after
reading of his treatment, for advice,
telling him of my various ailments, and
ho notified me at once that I had sys?
44 After using the first bottle of Peruna
I felt relief, so X continued to use it
until I had taken four bottles, when I
felt entirely cured. I recommend it te
all others, believing that they will ex?
perience the relief that I did."
Pe-ru-na as a Tonic.
Mr. William F. Hawkins, 12 West St,
Westerly, R. I., writes: 1
??I wish to give my testimony in favor
of Peruna as a tonic. I have used the
same for catarrh, and can recommend
It to all who are troubled in that way."
their lives. I want to urge you to
ware house your cotton, borrow money
I on your ware house receipt, pay off
I your debts and market the cotton, as
the world needs it, and our country
,will be prosperous. The deterioration
of the crop in all of the States is of
such a nature that it is now too late
;for It to recuperate and make anyhiiig
like a full crop, no matter how fav?
orable the seasons may be from now
on. So realize you have the situation
in your own hands I want to urge
j every farmer to sow largely of wheat
and oats; for corn, flour and bacon are
now very high'.. They can be raised
for much less than half the cost at
which farmers are buying today, and
we have every reason to believe they
will be higher another year. Let us
begin now to diversify our crops for
1919. Make home self-suporting and
nelf-sustaining, and our country will
grow rich. I want to urge upon ev?
ery farmer to study the conditions of
the cotton crop In all the cotton belt
Stares, and I am %?re he will not
dump his cotton on the'market as he
has done in the- past.
Just a word about cotton seed. Re?
member'%ho supply this year will be
short and the demand great for eot
ton seed products. When you sell your
seed.- be sure to make arrangements
for the price of meal and hulls; or
you will be caught In a. trap/ You
probably have- used good Judgment in
growing your crop, and it behooves
you nov to t ? better judgment In
setting. B. HARRIS. "'
Ex-Preel State Farmers Union.
Pendleton, S. C.
Room for More Veterans.
Columbia, Sept. 13.?At a meeting
of the board of commissioners of the
Confederate InPrmary, held yesterdar
afternoon, it was resolved that on and
after October 1 next the housa will
he thrown open to any Confederate
veteran who comes from his county
pension board with the blank applica?
tion properly tilled up, regardless of
the minimum of two from each coun?
ty, as heretofore.
There are now about fifty men in
the home, and there is room for
Blank forms will be furnished pen?
sion boards or old soldiers on appli?
cation by Mr. David Cardweil, chair?
man of the hoard. Columbia, s. C.
Without better proof, the Ansonlan
cannot take much stock In the re?
ported story of Peary's discovery of
the North Pole. We arc inclined to
believe what l>r. Cook says about it.
because h< i:> well and favorably
known in town, having been a class?
mate of I >r. K. I >. Ross.?Wadesboro
FOR SALI' Se d rye and oats, will
have seed wheat, barley etc.. later
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., s-2
Lot; SALE M> Sana Souci planta
lion of six hundred ncres at State
! burgi Sumter County 8. C. Wii
sell as .i whole or in parcels. Ap
ply at once to owner. C. L. Stuck
ey, Blshopville, S. C. ?-1S-4I 2t-a-v
UM Need of Winter Kruiuw in the
The following is as strong a state?
ment of the greatest need of most of
the soil in the Southern States as we
have read. It is understood that bv
"Winter Legumes" is meant Crimson
and other clovers and vetch. We
would also include the summer le?
gumes like cow peas and Soy beans.
The beauty of the winter legumes is
that they make the soil work and
earn nitrogen, while otherwise it
would be an idle spendthrift.
It is my belief that a proper under- I
standing and application of winter le?
gumes would mean more for the ma?
terial prosperity of the South than
cny other one thing. Properly used
they would be a great, if not the
greatest factor in conserving our na?
tional resources. Thty would con?
serve the natural fertility of the soil
(our greatest asset) better than any?
thing elae, because they naturally fii
in with our king crops?cotton and
corn. It would increase the humus
content faster than any other rota?
tion. It would improve the soil and
give a cash crop each year. My
brother has some naturally poor
sandy land whicli gave two tons of
Crimson clover hay per acre and no/
promises from 60 to 75 bushels corn
per acre. Winter legumes used prop?
erly will be a great help toward con?
serving our forests, as with good land
there would be less desire for virgin
soil. They will conserve our water
courses and power, because wisely
used they will almost prevent soil
erosion, <he great agricultural sin of
the ftOttth. A regular conservation
congress. Enough; you kuow by this
time what my hobby is: win.cr le?
The Sumter Cotton Compress is be?
ing put in shape for the season's run
and will be in o?pe. ation within a few
Dolly New York Cottoa Market.
New York, Sept 13
Open High Low Cl
Jas 12 13 12 13 12 18 1!
Moh 12 19 12 22 12 19 1!
May 12 20 12 28 12 24 12 30
Oct 12 20 12 18 12 ob 12 18
Dec U 18 12 19 12 11 12 19
ST41BW*MT OF IHK OOSDinOM Or THEk
Farmers' Bank and Trust Ci,
LOCATED AT SUMTER, 3. C.
At the Close of Business Sept. 8.1909.
Loans and Discount*. $463,846 39
Overdraft*, 9 604 20
Banking Hobs p. 19 50* 34
Fornitnre and Fixture*. 2,47gft|7
Due from Bank? and Trust Co's, 6 %40T38
Currency, 12.112 00
Gold, 180 00
Silver and othor coin, 2.659 70
Checks and Cash Items, 2,910 84
Total, $666,656 82
Capital Stock paid in $120,OG?0
Surplus Fund, 25,102 34
I'l divided Profits, lees Cur?
rent Expenses and Taxes
Paid, 9.773 47
Due to Banks and Trust Co's. 3.319 67
Dividends Unpaid, 104 00
Individual Deposits, ?objeot
to Cheek 2 7,668 91
Savings Deposits, I09,7S?|
Bills Payable, including Certifi
eatee for Money Borrowed 80,000 00
Reserved for Taxes 1 000 00
Total, ?5156.6 6 82
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, >
County of Sumter. )
Before me came R. L. Edmunds,
of the above named bank, who be
duly sworn, says that the above
foregoing statement is a true condition
said Bank, as shown by the books of i
R. L. EDMUNDS, Oashier.
Sworn to and subscribed before me tsiv
13th day of Sept. 1909.
O. L. Tatbs, Notary Public, 8. O.
Correct Attest: c
C. O. ROWLAND,
R. J. BLAND,
Sept. 13, 1909. Directors.
Appier and Red Rust Proof.
Smooth and Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
Grain Pasture Mixture
Composed of Winter Turf Oats. Wheat, Rye, Barley
and Vetch. The best winter Horse, Cow and Hoi
Pasture you can possibly plant. :: :: *
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAN. 1910.
i Lhe Stock Co.;
BEST UVERY ID SUMTER.
Ftl finds irriTitf,
The Big Store of Sumter.
Another lot, 10,000 yards, of those
They are better than ever before.
50c per Doz Yards,
5 Cents per Yard,
O'Donnell & Co
Reed's Fine Shoes
New Fall Styles.
ed School Shoes