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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, September 15, 1909, Image 7',
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KD WARD HL HARRLMAN PAN?ED
* AWAY AT AHDEN.
Gvesa nnUMkff And Hpwukuor Who
Oosnbined Transcontinental Rail?
way System* and Accumulated an
Iro rumse Fortuna Kuckumbm to Dia?
SjgSj Stock Market Not Seriously
Arden. N. T.. Sept. f.?Bdward H.
Harrlman. the greatest organizer of
railroads the world has ever known,
met the only lasting defeat of his ac?
tive life today at the hande of death.
Secluded In hie magnificent home on
Tower Hill, surrounded by the mem?
bers of his family, physicians and
nurses, he succumbed to an intesti?
nal disorder this afternoon after a
fl?ht against disease which will rank
for sheer grit with his remarkable
struggles In the financial world.
The exact time of his death Is
known only In that limited circle of
relatives and associates who had so
effectively shielded Mr. Harrlman
from all outside annoyances during
his last Illness. The tlms was given
to the world as 1.35 p. m., but Mrs.
Mary Simons, sister of the dead man,
said tonight that the end had come
at 1:10. more than two hours pre*
vlous. Whether this apparent discrep?
ancy has any bearing on the current
belief that every effort was made to
.lessen the Influence of the financier's
death on the New Tork stock mar?
ket Is problematical. But it Is sig?
nificant that the time of his death as
oOctally announced was Just Sft min?
utes after the trading had ceased on
Mr. Harrlman died peacefully end
almost to the end his brilliant mind
retained Its Integrity. After a relapse
on Sunday he sank steadily and soon
after the noon hour today there came
a relapse which marked the approach
of the end. His wife, two daughters.
Misses Mary and Carol, and his sons,
who have been constantly with him.
were at the bedslne. and a carriage
was hastily dispatched for Mrs. 81
mons, whose home is here in Arden,
three miles from the Tower Hill man?
Driving hurriedly up the mountain
side. Mrs. Simons entered the great
silent house in time to be present at
her brother's death. She Joined the
wife, and children, who, with Dr. W.
O. T*yle. of Xc.v York, and Orlando
Harum 0 a brother, and*, the nurses,
formed a gru'ip at the bedside.
Ne spiritual Uuvtser was at hand.
The swiftest automobile In the Har?
tman guruge had been dispatched for
the Rev. Dr. J. Holmes McOulnness.
an Episcopal rector of Arden parish,
snd Mr. Harrlman's personal chap
Iain, but Dr. McOulnness was not at
home. When found later, although
ruahed up the mountain side at
breukneck speed, he did not arrive
until death had come to Arden house.
\? w York. Sept. 9.?Mr. Harrl?
man's death comes at a time when In
general the business affairs of the
country are |n excellent condition,
with a realisation of those bountiful
crops which he himself. In one of his
last notable interviews. prophesied
would be one of the greatest sustain?
ing factors of American credit. With
then* facts in mind, and the general
knowledge that Mr. Harrlman In any
event could not long continue his ac?
tive career, Wall street had already
prepared Itself for the end which
came today. There was no feeling
of shock or alarm, therefore, when
the nnnnouncem^nt cumej beyond the
sentiment of universal personal sor?
row, and as the hours progressed It
became evident that there was a gen?
eral feeling of security and even of
serenity as to the future. ?
F'-r a time there was some talk
among the leaders of finance as to
the desirability of Informally confer?
ring, but even this precaution was
deemed unnecessary. The represen?
tative men of Wall street left for
th?dr (cores .b.-lit th" usual hour this
afternoon. Such prominent figures
as J. P. Morgan. Jacob H. Schiff,
James gtlllman and Qsorgs W. Per?
kins went to their various homes
without concerted action.
It |g believed SI Mr, Harrlman's as?
sociates that t bo railroid system
whit h he organized and carried for?
ward to such a degree of success will
be . i,t,tinned with practically no
gfnangc si poHoy and thai plans le
that end were perfected by Mr, Mar?
rtsnss long before Mi death,
Th? re were numerous reports cur?
rent In financial oo -.rt^rs during the
sftern tog concerning :.i status piths
vast properties undei Harrlman's
direction, one of these reports being
that tils securities of the rallio.nl
prop?rfles of which !>? u;s the head
had I n tin-deed arm I S?S held ln?
tact t t the greater :-.a>t\ o| hi..
t?te and the properties concerned.
HCWSVgf thete was no atltholita?
tive opinion Fnrtwsogalni on thii n
gCJfl -?r upon the gSnSTSl disposition
to be made of his property.
lie, mt estimates of Harrlman's
personal sreattk eevt varied all the
way from Itt.tslto $ 1 H.CffitCC.
He wa?. of i.ro- a larue holder of
at u 11>. ?rporatlonf with
which h* waa Identified, Including In
addition to the Union Pacific and
Southern Pacific ayatema, over a ?cor?
of smaller or tributary properties, not
only in this country but in Mexico as
well. Report credits him with large
personal holdings in the Atchison, To
peka a Santa Fe road, Baltimore a
Ohio, Delaware Sx Hudson. Erie, Il?
linois Central, New York Central and
Pacific Mall Steamship companies.
His holding of Brooklyn Rapid Tran?
sit stock and bonds were very large
a few years ago. He was reported to
have been the largest individual
stockholder in the Wells-Fargo Ex?
press Company, which only recently
acquired a virtual monopoly of the
express business of Mexico.
Mr. Harrlman's real estate holdings
In this city were comparatively small.
His home at Arden is said to repre?
sent an outlay of over $2.000.009.
Haalng Abolished at Davidson College
Davidson College, Sept. 8.?A mem?
orable class meeting was held in
Shearer Memorial Hall on the night
of the 6th for the discussion of the
whole question of college basing.
In- addition to faculty and student
body several prominent friends of the
college and recent alumni attended
the meeting and participated In the
discussion. Ringing speeches from
the standpoint of the world outside
of the college walls were made by
Oeo. B. Wilson, Esq., of Charlotte, W.
J. Roddey, or Rock Hill. S. C, and
Dr. T. W. Slnglefield, representative
of the college The effect of the haz?
ing tradition In student life and
ideals was represented by Dr. Sen
telle. Dr. Martin, and President
Immediately after the discussion
the students held a mass meeting
with the president Oeo. E. Wilson.
Jr., in the chair. The sentiment of
the abolition of basing was unani?
mous and Irresistible. Every speech
against It wss greeted with thunder?
ing applause. The sophomore class
pledged Itself without a dissenting
vote, the officers of each class pledg?
ed their respective organizations,
and the student body voted unani?
mously, amid cheers of enthusiasm,
to abolish the practice now and for?
ever by placing the practice in the
same category as cheating on exami?
nations and damaging college prop?
erty, which, under the organized
"Honor System" of the college, are
After the meeting a great parade;
and eelepral ion marked the begin
j ning of ;i m -w era on the old campu*
und the rem??vU of a custom, whioo
sii non oofisldsi unworthy oi such
a Christian institution of learning.
J. J. CHANDLER.
Davidson College. N. C, Sept. 8, '09
PRICE SF.T ON COTTON.
Minimum Adopted by Farmers' Union
After Stormy Session.
Birmingham. Ala., Sept. 9.?At a
stormy night session of the Farmers'
Educational and Co-operative Union
tonight the report of the committee
on minimum price of coton was ac?
cepted, and the executive committee
was instructed to "reveal or raise, or
lower the fixed minimum at their
Nothing could be learned as to the
minimum fixed, but it is believed to
be about fifteen cents.
Members of the union were in?
structed by the convention to use
their efforts to get ?.11 cotton ware
housed immediately after ginning.
Members were also Instructed to be
liberal to brother members in mak?
ing loans on distress cotton.
Resolution* were adopted today
opposing the sending of aliens into
All good eltizens most highly ap?
prove of Governor Hughes' action in
removing from office Mr. Haffen,
president of the Borough of the
Brans?a man who clearly ought
never to have occupied a public posi?
tion of any kind for a single day.
H?ffen makes the second official re?
moved within the last two years,
while another was compelled tw re?
sign. It is not under Tammany that
one can learn and practlos the golden
rub?-"Public Off)OS is a public trust."
Electric \;euum cleaners are rent?
ed <?ut by the day by electric light
;ititl DOWS1 companies Of Minnesota.
Whatever significance ins hereto?
fore attached to ihc Mures 4-11-44
should now be transferred to 1-11-42.
Ithe number ol days, hours a*';' min?
utes consumed ;,y the Lusitania in
her rsoord?breaklng trip across the
ttlsntlo, says the Providence Jour?
Governor Johnson says In effect
that lecturing Is not an easy stunt.
\eithcr I? ohmpalgnlngi for that mat
i' r, Sometime! it la difficult to tell
them apari Bloui City Journal,
Lots of smokers might agree with j
. the prominent tobacco man thai the
gdsnl slop of Philippine clgara was
one of the greatest disgraces ever
perpetrated.---Wall Street Journal. j
NET LOSS OF 12 TO H POINTS
General Tendency of Market Wae
Lower Under Liquidation and Stop
lA>m Ordere?Barely Steady at De
New York, Sept. 9.?The cotton
market was weak and unsettled to?
day with prices selling more than $2
per bale below the high level of yes?
terday morning and with the close
barely steady at a net loss of 22 to
The opening was steady at a decline
of 8 to 5 points, and while the mar?
ket met with pretty good support on
a scale down as a result of which
there were several slight ra!Uoa, the
general tendency was lower under
liquidation and stop loss orders until
October contacts sold at 12.25 and
December at 12.33 with the general
list showing a net loss of 25 to 30
points, and with December sellng 47
points under the high price of the
previous day. Covering checked the
decline at this level, hut the close was
within 2 or 3 points of the lowest.
The early decline was accounted
for by disappointing cables, and as
strength In the Liverpool market has
een one of the main sustaining In?
fluences, the weakness there was fol?
lowed by a renewal of more aggres?
sive operations by local bears. Later
the selling movement w xa accom?
panied by reports of freo Southern
offerings on a tenderable basis and
while these reports were not definite?
ly confirmed, with New Orleans
claiming strength in the interior, the
declines officially reported In the
Southern spot markets helped the
bear argument in that direction. Pos?
sibly the reduction in the low grade
premium list last night had some sen?
timental Influence, but the small pro?
portion of low gade cotton In the lo?
cal stock would seem to make this
of comparatively little Importance. A
petition In circulation that the board
of managers take some action with
reference to short staple cov.ton ano
suggesting that nothing under 1-8
inch be allowed as a tender on con?
Receipts at the ports today 20,794
bales against 11,314 last week and
17.668 last year. For the week 120,
000 bales against 81,832 last week
and 128,829 last year. Today's re?
ceipts at New Orleans 1,179 bales
against 1.5 37 last year, and at Hous?
ton 6,941 bales against 10,643 last
Spot cotton closed quiet. 25 points
lower; middling uplands 12.65; mid?
dling gulf 12.90; no sales. Ft res
opened steady and closed barely
How to Prevent Typhoid Fever.
T. B. Terry, in Practical aFrmer.
A Pennsylvania woman writes thai
they have been having typhoid fever
In their family for seven years. One
son has it now, his sickness has cost
them, she says, several hundred dol?
lars, and they have no idea where it
comes from, so do not know how to
fight it. One wonders why the doc?
tors employed have not explained tills
matter to them. They live on a hilL
Water is obtained from a well drilled
75 feet deep, There is a stable with?
in 50 feet of this well. Liquid man?
ure some times stands on surface
about stable. The ground about build?
ings is entirely flat, We are not told,
t ut probably a privy is no further
from well than the stable is. And per?
haps there are accumulations of
house slops on the surface, or soaked
into ground. It is practicaly certain
that the fever comes* from using im>
pure water. Pardon me, but one must
be plain to do any good. Human filth
in the drinking water is the chief di?
rect cause of typhoid fever. Through
some cracks in the rock, or leak in
tubing, the well gets filthy drainage
from the surface. Cases have been
found where It was pi oven that this
came hundreds of feet from filth BO
far away that no one dreamed of
danger. A simple test has been 1.0
put salt freely Into privy vault and
pour in water. Soon the Bait could
be lasted plainly in the well water.
Such things seem disgusting to some
but llf? and death hang on them. We
have galvanised palls In privy and
contents are safely disposed of. A
Slop barrel on wheels is used and the
contents are emptied on surface, on
heavy sod only once In ;i place, Th<
grass roots will take care of It, <v -
ment floors and manure shed stop
ail leaching down of liquid from
I 'hies. No accumulated ii!th i:- al?
lowed where it can leach, Our w< ii
wuter is thus kept practically free
from tilth. The health officers
nay boji ail water 20 or ?".'? minute
i efore using it for drinking. Afh i
thai it can be i ooled. but don't put
Ice in it which ma) not i>. pure. Put
it around it.
The < lamdi n Water Llghi A Ice
Co., which, has the contract for light?
ing the town of Cumden has notified
Mayor '/?mp thai the electric plant
Will be shut down on Sept. 15th and
thru the company will surrender It
Thin* or It!
The sheriff continue* unabated bia
campaign against the blind tigers and
he proposes to enforce the law to the
letter. The authorities are determin?
ed 4m stamp out the illicit liquor deal?
ers lind are determined to make ex?
amples of those convicted. Magis
tr?te J. J. McLure has been kept busy
the past few days issuing warrants
and holding preliminaries in the
cases of those under arrest. Yester?
day he heard two blind tiger cases.?
The time is near at hand when the
juvenile members of school fraterni?
ties will once more be called on to
take up their social duties.?Wash?
The Spokane Chamber of Com?
merce will offer the Aero Club of
America $100,000 for cash prizes for
the aviators and will guarantee suit?
able grounds for international avia?
tion contests which are to be held
next year in America. The commer?
cial organizations of Spokane will
communicate with A. Holland Forbes
at once relative to securing the con?
tests for next year, and will endeavor
So meet every demand asked by Mr.
WHY SO WEAK,
Kidney Troubles May be Sapping
Your Life Away?-Sumter People
Have Learned Tills Fact.
When a healthy man or woman
begins to run down without apparent
cause, becomes weak, languid depress?
ed, suffers backache, headache, dizzy
spells and urinary disorders, look to
the kidneys for the cause of it all.
Keep the kidneys well and they will
keep you well. Doan's Kidney Pills
cure sick kidneys and keep them well.
Here is Sumter testimony to prove it.
Walter M. Folsom, 102 Hampton
Ave., Sumter, S. C, says: "For some
time I suffered from a dull pain
through my loins and when I made a
sudden movement, sharp twinges
darted through me. After sitting for
a while I became so stiff and lame
that I found it difficult to regau: stj
erect position. The secretions from
my kidneys were very unnatural and
contained a heavy sediment. Doan s
Kidney Pills, which I procured at
China's drug store, soon gave me the
desired relief. The bakache and pains
vanished, the kidney secretions be?
came natural and I could rest well.
I have no hesitation in recommend?
ing Doan's Kidney Pills as they have
given me satisfactory results."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Mllburn Co., buffalo,
N'ew York, sole agents for the l:nited
Remember the name?Doan's?and
take no other. No 13.
, S, Use
(For Myrtle Beach.)
Tickets for sale for all trains
each Saturday and for Sunday
forenoon, trains commencing
Saturday, May 29th and continu?
ing to Saturday, Sept. 4th, 1909,
limited to return Monday follow?
ing date of sale.
An excellent opportunity to
visit the famous Seashore Resorts
of South Carolina at a minimum
For information, call on Ticket
Agent, or i.rite.
W. J. CRAIG, T. C. WHITE,
Pas. Traf. Mgr. Gen. Pas Agt.
WILMINtiTON, N. C.
AN ADVERTISEMENT PLACED IN THE ADVERTISING?
COLUMNS OF THE DAILY ITEM WILL BRING RESULST.
A Fair Proposition
In the daily routine of business the banker should be
reimbursed for actual outlays; and not only for this,
but for the use of his capital, time and labor he should
be fairly compensated. Upon the basis of this prop?
osition, we beg to tender you our very best service.
First National Bank, of Sumter
Fan' Bank f lit Co.
Is prepared to make liberal
loans on cotton stored in
the warehouse. : : ; :
We have added to our equipment a double adding machine to fa?
cilitate taking off daily balances. Our aim is to keep well up
with approved banking methods, that we may render the most ef?
ficient service to our customers at all times.
^ Bank of Sumter.
in the Following Sized Tracts:
One Place.-.-.? 76. Acres.
One Place_._.-.-105 Acres.
One Place.?.366 Acres.
One Place....-.357 Acres.
One Place.-381 Acres.
All of the above within six miles of Sumter on good
One Place.277 Acres, three miles from Wedgefield
Two Places._100 Acres each, near Privateer, S. C.
Three Places.40 Acres each, near Privateer, S. C.
All at prices that are right. For particulars, see
SUMTER REAL ESTATE & INSURANCE CO.,
If you have farm property in Sumter or Clarendon County which yon
wish to sell this season, you should list it now, in order that it may be
inspected and properly advertised forthe fall business. I have a number
of prospective buyers for well improved property, and if your prices are
risht, we should be able to do some business.
CI'Y, FARM AND TIM?
ER PROPERTY HAN
>Lto' REAL ESTATE
26% N Main St.
R. B. Belsen
REAL ESTATE ATTORNEY.
: : Sumter, S. C.
MONEY INVESTED Ur
REAL ESTATE MORT?
GAGES. LET ME INVEST
YOUR IDLE MONEY AT
7 AND 8 PER CENT
E can supply von with BAGGING and TIES.
( all and get our prices before you buy.
We know that we can save you money <>n these articles besides ;ivin^ you
goods that have quality.
l)'iit forget us when you are ready to purchase.
A. A. Strauss ? Co.,
25 NORTH MAIN STREET.
o u t h Caroli