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THF. SfMTER WATCHMAN, EMAMfc
?t>?! Mated 4ug. 2,1881
.1 . . -?
?be (??l'dnra an^ Southron,
Published \\ cdnesdajr and Saturday
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sTTATF'S INSURANCE LAW.
t>eH*b>n hn New York Life Case
DoeasTt Affect ltecent Act.
Columbia. SeptembfJf 18.?There
baa be?n some misunderstanding as
to the effect of the recent Insurance
decision of the Supreme Court. Com?
missioner McMaster a few days ^
sent out instructions to county audi?
tors as to the collection of the fess.
and today Mr. McMaster called atten?
tion to the fact that the decision does
not affect at all the recent Act of the
Leglslaure (Act of 1909) giving the
commissioner the right to collect an
additional license fee from the va?
rious companies doing business in this
State. There has been no trouble
about collecting this license fee. and
this is not the Act which la now be?
fore the Supreme Court.
The insurance legislation and the
law? theron have had quite an in?
teresting history. It was believed for
some time that the Act which the
Legislature has recently declared to
be unconstitutional would not stand
the test of the Courts. This was the
Aet giving the counties the right to
collect ad valorem taxes upon pre
satuxmv It was this tax that four
companies either paid under protest
or did not pay at all?the New York
Life being the company that took the
^spatter Into the courts. The Legis
JsjBjrev howe\er. anticipated un> ad
H^Wr^asemg the Act as to a Idi
Uosml license fsea.
But Insurance Commissioner Mc
11 aster, having attended the meeting
e?'tnsur*tm ? men at Detroit, had
gathered there that the adva
lorem tax was not considered the
light sort of tax or license, and this
was borne out by the Supreme Court
decision, although a good fight was
put up by Attorney General Lyon.
The-situation now is that the Insur?
ance companies pay the additional 11
eenae fee under the It09 Act. But
all companies who wished to do busi
nes In this state had to give an uhi
davlt that they had paid all back
taxes. This would naturally leave
them out ot any consideration In the
Salt pending for the back taxes. All
but four of the companies had paid
the taxes w th this affidavit. The New
York Life had not paid and three
othwr companies had paid under pro
The Legislature provided at the last
session for the companies paying up
the bark taxes and In the regular In?
surance Act there was a provision tor
aa affidavit to this effect being fur?
nished to Mr. McMaster by com?
panies doing business in this State,
before the Insurance commissioner
could grant a license. It Is under this
Act that the Now York Life is bring?
ing mandamus proceedings In the Su?
preme Court for Its license. In the
meantime, under an agreement the
New York lafe has been allowed to
In basin es In this State.
So that the situation is not so se
riosi after all. There are four cm
panlee that come under the provi?
sions of the recent decision of the Su?
preme Court, and the other com?
panies have been required to pay all
back taxes, else they could not hnv>
entered the State. However, the back
tax Act recently passed is before the
WANT ClltCt'S KEIT OUT.
HparMnhnrg I sir \?es?rlatlon aa I
fuirr urn and Halle> Clash.
Hnartanburg, Sept. lf>.?Baruuin
and BsJlty'l big circus, which trill
show in this Immediate locality Oc?
tober 17. and the Spartanburg County
Fair Association have clashed. Tlv*
Pslr Association wants the city to
keep the ircua from showing withla
the city limits for the reason that <)?
tober 27 is the date for the opening
of the Fair, and If allowed to pitch
their tents In the city the business of
the Fair will be ruined. The city
*hen asked for a license fixed the
md then dropped t ?
11.000. The Afp M pi ople have ref us?
ed to rough up. NM wlH show on the
outskirts of the city near the Fair
Uied April, 1850.
TAFT DEFENDS TARIFF.
rmminTTT takm wwkm with
Tlr*re l?* X?w Mo Doubt Tliat II?* Hll
Aligned Himself With Hie Stund
Patters and Will Henceforth be the
Champion of Use Mjuiilnc und
Trust Hement of Republican Part v.
Winona, Minn., Sept. 17.?In the
most important speech he has made
since his occupancy of the White
House President Taft here tonight,
in a State which is '.he hot bed of the
''insurgent" movement, v. Ithin the
Republican party, defended the Payne
tariff bill as the btrrt tariff measure
ever passed by a Republican congress
nnd hence the best tariff bill the \>eo
pie have ever known.
The president boldly asserted that
the InsurKents who voted* against the
! Ill had abandoned the Republican
"Was It the duty of the member of
congress who believed that the bill
did not accomplish everything that ll
ought to accomplish to vote aKain?:
lt?' asked the president.
"I am here to Justify those who
answer this question in the negative.
I am not here to defend those who
voled for the Payne blli, but to sup?
To this statement, the crowd in the
VVInona opera house responded with
a cheer which could be heard far
f*own the street. It was shouted oy
the adherents of Representative Jas.
A. Tawney of this district, the chair?
man of the house committee on ap?
propriations, who has been on the
defensive ever since the adjournment
of conc jss because he did not voto
with the other members of the dele?
gation from Minnesota, both In ihfl
house and senate, against the bilk '
"To make party government ef?
fective." said the president tonight,
"the members of that party should
surrender their personal predilection
of* comparative less Importance.
"1 am glad to see that those who
ret Ml against the bill still Insist that
they are Republicans, and tbat^ tbey
intend to keep up the flgbt for still
lower tariff rate* within the party.
"That is their right and In their
view of things Is tbelr duty/1
President Taft in his address at the
Winona opera bouse tonigbt said in
"As long ago as August, 1906, in
the congressional campaign In Maine.
I ventured to announce that I was a
tariff revisionist and thought that the
time had come for a readjustment of
the schedules. I pointed out that il
had been ten years prior to that time
that the Dlngley bill had been passed
and that under the theory of protec?
tion In that time the rates Imposed in
the Dlngley bill In many Instances
m'.gb* have become excessive.
'I pointed out the difficulty that
If ere always was In a revision of the
UirHf, In the summer of 1907 my po?
sition on the tariff was challenged and
! then entered Into a somewhat fill1.
discussion of thn matter. It was
contends by the socalled 'stand-pat
i-?'??*' that rates beyond the necessary
t ossure of protection were not ob
j. u ?nable because behind the turiff
wall competition reduced prices on
things and thus saved the consumer.
Put I pointed out In that speech what
seems to me as true today as It thea
Was that the danger of excessive
rates was In the temptation they
'?reated to form monopolies In the
protected articles, and thus to take
m1 vantage of the excessive rates by
lllOff asing the prices and therefore
In order to avoid such a danger It
Wae wise at regular Intervals to ex?
amine the question whether the effect
Of the ralM had been upon the In?
dustries in this country, and whether
the condition! with respect to the cost
?t production here had so changed as
i ? warrant a reduction In the tariff
an 1 to mnk? a lower rate truly ptc?
tecttve of* the industry.
? it nil] b? observed that the ob
ict <>f the revision under such ?
il ttement waa not to destroy protect*
<i Industrie* in this country, but it
""* t ? >nttl i ? to protOOt them where
In.r rates offered a sufficient protc
M*?n t?? prevent injury by foreign
? ?tn petition That WtSi the object of
the ievision as advocated by me, and
it was ecrtalnly the object of the re?
vision as promised in the Republican
"Thtu ?s nothing quite no difficult
an the discussion of a tariff bill for
the reason that It covers so many dif
it Items. The meaning of the
terms and the percentages are most
difficult to understand. The passage
i nan bill, eepeoinlly where ?
hange In tht method of assessing the
duties has been followedi prevents en
iop ?rtimiiy for various modes and
.i letloni of tht percentage! of In
i i and dei n ase that is really
ad Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aim
R. 8. C, WEDNESD?
HOPE FOR JOHNSON.
Doctor Declares There Are No Sym
toins of Peritonitis Hut Complica?
tions May Develop.
Rochester. Minn^, Sept. 19.?At 10
o'clock p. m.. this bulletin was issued
by Dr. MeNevin:
i "The governor is resting better. He
1 slept 35 minutes since the last bulle?
tin, which left him considerably re?
freshed. Pulse 102, temperature not
taken. The governor's pain has de- I
I creased. He can change his position
? without assistance."
BISHOP McCLOSKEY DEAD.
Distinguished Catholic I*relate Passes
Away at Louisville.
Louisville. Ky., Sept. 17.?The Rt.
Rev. Wm. George McCloskey, Bishop
Of the Catholic diocese of Kentucky,
nu.i the oldest Catholic Bishop in 4.h??
I'nited States, both in years and in
point of continuous service, died to?
day of ailments incident to old age.
The Hlshop was In his eighty-sixth
>ear. He has been the head of the
Ken lucky diocese for forty-one years !
and was honoied and loved by Cath?
olics and Protestants alike.
When the American College in
Rome was founded by Pope Plus IX.
Dr. McCloskey was selected as presi?
dent. He fdled the plaice for more
than twenty-three years. When a
vacancy was caused in Kentucky by
the death of Bishop Lavialle, Dr. Mc?
Closkey was nominated and was con?
secrated Bishop of Louisville, May 24,
WRIGHT A HIGH FLYER.
American Aviator Breaks Another
Record at Berliu.
Berlin. Sept. 17.--The record for
high aeroplune flight was broken here
today by Orvllle Wr?ght, who flew In
his machine In the presence of the
Empress Princess Louise, Prince
Adelbert and Prince August and a
large party from the court.
He attained a height of 2 33 metres,
(765 feet.) The best previous record
for height, 155 metres, was made by
Mr. Wright's altitude was measured
by a captive balloon, moored at a
height of 183 metres, and it is esti?
mated that he rose fifty metres above
the balloon. The Empress and her
sons congratulated Mr. Wright on his
Mr. Wright was in the air for fifty
three minutes, and his flight was wit?
nessed by his sister. Miss Kathen"?
Wright. A strong wind was blowing
part of the time, und made it neces?
sary for the aviator to execute the
most intricate manoeuvres so far wit?
Mr. Wright made another flight of
4 7 minutes and 5 seconds with a pas?
senger, Capt. Englehardt.
most misleading or really throws no
light at all upon the changes made.
"One way of stating what was done
is to say what the facts show?that
under the Dlngley law there were 2,
024 Items. This included duitable
items only. The Payne law leaves
1,150 of these Items unchanged. There
are decreases in 654 of the Items and
Increases In 220 of the items. Xow,
of course, that does not give a full
picture, but It does show the propor?
tion of decreases to have been three
times those of the Increase-.
"In order to determine the import?
ance of changes it is much fairer to
take the articles on which the rates
of duty have been reduced and those
on which the rates of duty have been
increased, and then determine from
statistics how large a part the articles
upon which duties have been reduced
play In the consumption of the coun?
try and how large a part those upon
\n hich the duties have been increased
play in the consumption.
"Such a table has been prepared by
Mr. Payne, than whom there is no
one who understands better what the
tariff is and who has given more at?
tention to the details of the schedules
in tobacco there has been no change
!n agricultural producta those In
which there has been a reduction of
rates enter into the consumption of
the eountry to the extent of $488,000.
000; tin?se In which there has i een
an increase enter into the consump?
tion to the extent of $4,000,000.
"in cottons there has been a change
In the higher priced cottons and in?
crease. Then' has been no Increase
in the lower priced cotton, and of the
increases the high priced cottons en?
ter into the consumption of the coun?
try to the extent of $41,000,000.
"<>n paper and pulp the duty has
been decreased on articles that enter
Into tin- consumption of the country
io the extent of $67,000.000 and the
increase on articles thai enter Into
the consumption of the country to the
?xtenl of $181,000,000."
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an
lY. SEPTEMBER 22
DR. COOK IS CONFIDENT.
I) KALA HKS IIIS reports WILL
prove I!IS CLAIM. j
On Board the Steamer Which is
Bringing Mini Home the Brooklyn
Kxplorer Talks Freely About 1
Peary's Denial of His Claim.
On board the Steamer Oscar II, at
Sea," September 17.? (Via Marconi
Wireless Telegraph to Cape Ray, X.
F.)?"Tell the people of America to
have the fullest confidence in my
conquest of the pole. I have records
of observations made by me which
will prove my claim. I shall be glad
again to set my foot on American
This was the brief message Dr.
Frederick Cook today asked the As?
sociated Press to give to his country?
men as he nears home on the steamer
Oscar II, due to arrive at New York
When he departed for the North,
Dr. Cook said he left a depot of pro?
visions at Annatok, north of Etah, in
charge of Rudolph Francke and sev?
eral Eskimos. Francke had instruc?
tions to go South aboard a whaler
and return 'ater. This he did, but
missed the returning vessel, owing to
a slight illness. He was then taken
aboard Peary's ship, the Roosevelt,
and proceeded North.
"Commander Peary found my sup?
ply depot at Annatok," Dr. Cook
continued, "and the Eskimos in
charge told him that I was dead,
which they then believed to be
"Peary placed two men in charge of
the depot, Boatswain Murphy and
another. Harry Whitney, the New
Haven hunter, also remained there.
Murphy had orders not to search for
me, but was told he could send Eski?
mos northward in the spring for re?
"When I returned from the pole
unexpectedly Harry Whitney was the
first to see me and to tell me what
had occured. Whitney was placed in
possession of the facts concerning my
Journey to the pole on the condition
that he wtafltl not inform'Comman?
der Peary or his men of them. At
the same time, the Eskimos who had
accompanied me North were told to
maintain the strictest silence.
"When I went into the depot there
was a dispute between myself and
Murphy, who delivered to me written
instructions he had received from
Peary, although he could neither read
nor write. These instructions showed
that he was making a trading station
rot my depot, the contents of which
had been used in trading for furs and
"On one occasion Murphy asked
me abruptly, 'have you been beyond
ST? But I was determined not to let
Peary know of my movements ami
replied evasively that I had been
much farther North. From this state?
ment has been concocted the declara?
tion that I had said I had not reach?
ed the pole."
Dr. Cook declares that neither Har?
ry Whitney nor his, (Cook's,) records
are on board the Steamer Roosevelt,
and that, therefore. Peary'sOnforma
tion concerning him emanated from
Boatswain Murphy, who knew noth?
ing of his movements. Dr. Cook said
also that he had made arrangements
for the two Eskimos who went with
him to the pole, and Knud Rasmus
sen, whom he nut in Greenland, to
go to New York and confirm the story
of his discovery.
geqrge A. NORWOOD DEAD.
Prominent Financier, Once in Busi?
ness in Charleston Passes Away.
Greenville, Sept. 18.?George Alex?
ander Norwood, a prominent banker
of the Piedmont section, died at his
residence here tonight. He has been
connected with the banking interests
of this city for the past nineteen
Mr. Norwood was born to 1S31, in
Darlington county, his ancestors 1 '
ing of English and Scotch descent. H<:
attended Wake Fort st College and
Furman University, finishing school
In ls'r>?. After finishing school he
was successively, a sch< Ol tea< her. a
,i ?urnallst, a tanner, a merchant, and
8 turpentine distiller. He went into
the commission business in Charles?
ton, handling cotton and naval Stores
for eleven years. In 1SS4 he organ?
ized and became president of the
Bank of Marion, remaining there six
years, when he came to Greenville,
and has since been intimately conect
? d With the banking interests here.
He was the father of Joseph W. Nor?
wood, of Columbia.
joe Holcomb, of Union, who sued
the Southern Railway for $60,000
damages for personal injuries, ww
awarded a verdict of $20,000.
d Truth's." THE TRU.
, 1&09._New ft
treasu Ub ? 0 Vntf. wWm+i
Relations With Higher Officials In
Department Ouse Resignation?
Action Not Unexpected.
Washington. Sept. IT.?United
States Treasurer Charles H. Treat has
Mr. Treat said his resignation would
take effect "some time in October."
This means that he will await the
appointment by the president of a
successor who, it is expected, will be
For some time the relations be?
tween Mr. Treat and some of the
higher officials of the department
have not been as cordial as during
the preceding administration, and Mr.
Treat did not participate in some of
the conferences in which the treas?
urer usually figures.
The retirement of Mr. Treat ha>?
been expected for some months. He
has been treasurer since July 1, 1905,
succeeding Ellis H. Roberts.
COOK DEMANDS PROOF OF
Returning Explorer Says Rival Should
Publish Records Sustaining Claim
Of Polar Triumph.
On Board the Oscar II, off Nan
tucket, 8:? P. M., by United Wireless
and Marconi Wireless Telegraph.
Sept. 19.?"To the Associated Press:
My desire to get on American soil in?
creases with every mile laid behind
by the Oscar II. The vessel is doing
her best record, although delayed oc?
casionally, making 400 miles In the
last 24 hours.
"Commander Peary's unfortunate
accusations have disclosed another
side of his character. The specific re?
cords of my journey are accessible to
every one who reads, and all can de?
cide for themselves when Peary pub?
lishes a similar report.
"Frederick A. Cook."
According to the captain's observa?
tions at midday, the Oscar II will ar?
rive at Sandy Hook about noon to?
morrow, unless something unforeseen
arises. This will bring the vessel i >
quarantine between 2 and 3 o'clock
Dr. Cook appears to exercise great
re.straint, but can hardly repress a
natural annoyance at impeachment of
his veracity without proofs. He re?
quested the Associated Press to make
public the following:
"Commander Peary has as yet
given to the world no proofs of Ills
own case. My claim has been fuily
recognized by Denmark and by the
king of Sweden; the president of the
United States of America has wired
me his confidence; my claim has been
accepted by the international bureau
for polar research at Brussels; most
of the geographical societies of Europe
have sent me congratulateons, v 'rich
means faith and acceptance for the
present, and almost every explorer of
note has come forward with warm
and friendly approval.
"A specific record of my journey is
accessihle to all, and every one who
reads can decide for himself. When
Peary publishes a similar report, then
our cases are parallel. Why should
Peary be allowed to make himself a
self appointed dictator of my affairs?
Tn justice to himself, in justice to the
world and to guard the honor of na?
tional prestige he should be compell?
ed to prove his own case; he should
publish at once a preliminary nara
tive to be compared with mine, and
let fair minded people ponder over
the matter while the final records by
which our case may be eventually
proved are being prepared.
"I know Peary, the explorer. As
such he is a hero in Arctic annals and
deserves the credit of a long and
hard record. To Peary, the explorer
1 am still willing to tip my hat, but
Peary's unfounded accusations have
disclosed another side to his charac?
ter which will never be forgotten."
Will Arrive Tomorrow.
On Board Oscar II, by United
Wireless Telegraph, Via Boston, Sept.
19.?The steamer psoar II. with Dr.
Frederick A. Cook aboard, will not
arrive at New York until Tuesdaj
morning. This is at the urgent re?
ibest of the reception c u unltte
which is to meet Dr. Cook. The
nur could have reached a.idv
Hook Monday afternoon, but a mes
saj:e from the reception committee
asking that the arrival he delayed,
owing to the fact that it was Impofl
Slble to change the committee's ar
rangements. was received this even
Ing by wireless and the captain con?
sented to comply with the requesl
The Oscar ii is therefore under d?
creased speed and will reach Qua ran
tine about 7:30 Tuesday morning.
Wallace Hicks, of Tlmmonsville
was kicked by a mule several da)
ago ami is thought to be in a seiiou.
E SOUTHRON, Established June, lMt
eries?Vol. XXX. 9?. 8
mm SPINNERS MOOS.
CERTAINTY Or A SHORT CROI>
M A K ES M A N U FACTU R BS
English and Continental Outou Men
laager to Secure Supplies?Bear
Speculators Making Determmed
But Unsuccessful Effort to Depress
New York, Sept. 17.?Despite streiT
UOVJi efforts to put cotton prices down-*
they have advanced. The manipula
tion in favor of lower prices has
aroused much antagonism from bulla
who are naturally disgruntled to find
that their plans have thus far in a
measure been thwarted by the deter*
mined efforts of a certain bear clique
to prevent an advance to figures
which hulls think are bound to bCj
reached in the end, owing to th?
smallness of the crop. For several
months past efforts have been made
here to depress the price to 10 or 11
cents without success. A bitter ab?
tack upon the bear clique by Charles
C. Cowan, who is well known in th-fc
cotion trade at home and abroad, has*
aroused wide-spread attention. He
seems to fear that the Southern States
will not expunge their anti-option
laws unless New York mends its ways*
However this may be, advances
have been succeeded by sharp set?
backs through the hammering of.
prices and the usual and Inevitable
realizing of profits to which setbacks
are usually ^n part at least due. But
British and continental spinners show
nervousness about getting their sup?
plies and have ever since the Septem*
her government report was issued
putting the condition at the unpre
cedentedly low figure of 63.7 percent.
For several weeks the spot sales In
Liverpool have reached from 10,000
to 15,000 bales a day. Manchester's
business has increased. So has that
of Calcutta, Bombay and the Chinese
markets. The dispute about wages
in the Borden miHs at Fall River has
been satisfactorily adjusted. . Trade is
slowly expanding. James Patten, the
Chicago operator, is said to be a bull
on cotton. President Taft s ' r-oViark*
at Boston striking an optimistic tone
as to the future of American business
baa not been lost on well known cot*
ton people. They chimed in w'fb
their own ideas. .
Exports of raw coton have latterly
increased and spot markets have
shown considerable strength in spite
of liberal realizing. In lyOG-'OS tho
quantity brought into sight during;
September was 1,315 000 bal*?^ *jv
though the total? crop that jvar was ?
only ll.346.0Oo. These PopssmUsi re?
ceipts were only 47,000 bales less than *
in the same month in the previous
year, so that it is possible for- the rush 1
of cotton during the early rsonlhs f
even of a small crop season to rvach I
large volume. Anticipation of thtsT
has led to the f >rmation here of ?\
very large short interest. Meantime
New Orleans and Memphis operators
haVo bought aergressively for an ad?
vance. So have some Wall 3treet audl
\\ ertorn operators as well as, it ?eems>
a ceitain large interest in the gro?
cery trade. Liverpool has bought
sCCadiljr. The bear clique h re has
bowed to circumstances at times, but
at every opportunity Ins attacked tlsl
marl.et with vigor.
The speculation, however; Is grad?
ually broadening, and it i3 contended
th; i the Southern farmer will re?
lerve his holdings or par^-of them for
the higher prices which are predicted,
it some oi* the bears are predicting 1ft
to 10 1-2 cents, bulls are figuring aJ?
UmatelV on 15 cents or more. The
Giles report putting the condition at
only 61 per cent, is supposed to pre-,
figure a bullish government report for
October. Meantime American spir,
t I crstst ii their policy of buyii g
fr*m band to mouth, whatever their
(Suropcan brothers may do Texas
rep it- say that T,xas condltoa of
crop U 4<> per cent. orse and Okla?
homa 80 per cent, worse than last
year on Friday lucre was a slight
i ? --re v itii good baying. ? Heavy
ratna fell in Georgia, Alabama and
the Carolina?. Storm warn Inga woro
still up at Key West. Spot markets
were itrong and spot interests here
continued t? buy.
The three-year-old daughter of
Ragland Rrunson of Florence, while
playing with a 25 cent piece, let It slip
down her throat. It turned flatways,
cutting off her breath. Physicians
were called in and the money was re?
moved after much suffering on the
part of the child.
The dog and sled explorers Mmply
had to reach the goal thai year or po
OUt Ol business. Twelve months from
now the perfected airship will be sail?
ing everywhere.?Kansas city Jour