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sum i. \ HAMClt on chili IX
Kear-Admlrul Kvam. l.tiltro, Tell*
Mow Ihr Yorktown lv??'tii?<! Bel??
ge?, at siimilled.
The United State? gunboat York
town, under my command, arrived In
the harbor of Valparaiso. Chile, about
December 1st. 1899 after a rough
pa snare from New York, aaya Rear
Admiral Robley D. Evana. retired, who
describe* 'The Most Dramatic Event
In My Life." In The Delineator for
October. she had been hurried to
the Pacific because of threatened
trouble between the two countries,
Chile and the United States, caused
by the Ill-treat msnt of a numebr of
the crew of th? U. s. 8. Baltimore in
the harbor of Valparaiso while on
?-hors leave. One of the men had
been killed, stabbed to death, and
many others lerlously wounded.
Two days after our arrival the Bal?
timore sail. .1 for San Francisco and
the Yorktow n was left alone to repre?
sent the United States while the
courts of Valparaiso endeavored to
arrive at av:nt! conclusion as to who
was to blanv for*the unfortunate oc?
The American Minister at Santiago,
Chile. Mr. Patrick Egan, had given
asylum to many political refugees of
the Balmacedr. government, and these
only added to the embarrassment of
the situation?they were practically
the guests of the United 8tates and
must be protested and fed at all haz?
ards. To protect them proved much
easier than to feed them, and Mr.
Egan found himself In a most serious
situation. Finally, the mob threaten?
ed to burn the American Legation,
and thus secure the persons who had
taken refuge therein. This threat,
fortunately, was never carried out.
but It produced one curious result?
orders by wire from the president for
the commanding officer of the York
town to proceed to Santiago and re?
port to him by telegraph as soon as
posalble the conditions surrounding
i the American Legation.
Upon my arrival at Santiago I
found a very curtoua condltlcn of
things. The American Legation was
surrounded by spies who stood about
wttb firearms ready to shoot any ref?
ugee who showed himself. They also
did all they could to annoy Mr. Egan
^ and prevent him from obtaining the
necessary food supplies for those un?
der hie care.
There were nearly one hundred ref?
ugees In the American Legation at this
time, and to clear them out and get
thetn to a place of safety was the;
f bueJAaab 'of the Minister After I had j
wired the President at Washington
the general conditions st Santiago, I
conferred with Mr. Egan and Inform?
ed him that I would receive the ref?
ugees on hoard the Yorktown at Val
t paraiso provided they could be turn?
ed over to me with the permission
and approval of the Chilean govern?
ment, but not otherwise.
A few days after my return fr.?m
Santiago I received a cipher message
from Mr. Rgan that he and a few
friends would visit me the following
k morning, which I of course und. r
f stood. The train containing the party
was stopped a few miles out of Val?
paraiso and Mr. Egan and his friends
were lowered over a steep bluff into
the boats cf the Yorktown, which
were waiting, and safely brought on
v board with the statement from the
Minister that they were there by per?
mission of the Chilean government.
As they came over the side and saw
the crew standing at quarters ready
for action. >ne of them, an officer of
high rank, who had served his coun?
try for ovor fifty years, placed his
ft hand on one of the six-Inch guns and
said. "Capttdn. this Is a practical salvo
eonducto. ' "No, General, I replied,
pointing to our flag, "that t* the prac?
tical salvo eonducto." To get the re?
maining refugees on board was the
Important thing and to this we de?
I wired my own government that
the presence of the refugees on board
would seriously embarrass me in case
of trouble, and asked permission to
proceed to Csllao or some other port
J and land them. The answer came
back promptly: "Use your own dis?
cretion." and I did.
A vlatt was made to the British Ad
mlrs' and he was Informed of my In
tentlom and what I proposed to do if
the Ch.lean squadron followed us.
Four hours before our departure all
oth*-t foreign vessels. Including the
Chilean flagship, were Informed tf
our proper,i? sailing and an o"*ci
made to can \ any mall they ml hi
h ? \ e i <-r Callao,
"The Yorktown was ? leafed for uc
tlon and it 1 \>. in n<>\ under v\ay.
An h*?r anch-u < I? ared the bottom her
engines were sent full speed ahead,
snd the little whit.- gunboat turned
rapldfy and stood for the open sea. her
crew all standing by the guns ready
to reply properly to any hostile get
which we all had good reason t-?
think might come at any moment.
Passing rapldl.N down the line of
Chllcnn shlj I with the marines at
l-rnaent arms. 1 the butrles sounding
a aatute to ask h. observing most care?
fully every detail of International
courtesN, *h* cleared the end of the
Uno and passed the fleet of foreign
men-of-war, most of which were un?
der steam and ready to mo\ ? .
During the time we wer.- passing
the Chilean ships, and for five or
ten minutes after, when we expect?
ed them to follow .s, the situation
seemed to me intensely dramtic. The
whole picture was beautifully set, and
the danger was enough to keep one's
nerves in a pleasant state Of tension.
The small gunboat would have been
no match for the force opposed to
her. They could have sunk her and
killed all her crew with one broad?
side, but the beautiful flag at her
staff commanded and received the
consideration it always deserves, and
no hostile act was committed; not a
shot was fired, and not a single Chil?
ean ship got under way to follow us.
The refugees were safely landed at
Callao, and our ship held there for
telegraphic orders from the United
States navy department.
NEW GRAIN REGIONS.
Mhorlu and South Africa Compete
With America In Supplying Food
One of the most interesting fea?
tures conected with the opening of Si?
beria lies In the future of the food
supply of the world, In which the
ct'Ormous areas of virgin soil in Its
vestern section are destined to play
an important part. With the present
rapid settlement and development of
i he vust Khlrgls steppes, with the ex?
pected construction of railways as
iuring the outlet of Sibernian wheat
to Russia's northern, western and
smiths* 1) ports, the last namfJ bell g
assured of cheap and easy transit
when the establishment of water com?
munication between the basins of the
Volga and Don has been accomplish?
ed, the steadily increasing production
of wheat from Siberia will find ready
access to Western Europe.
Available statistics show that ev
eiy family of settlers ha?i, on an aver?
age, twenty-two acres, under wheat at
the end of the third year. The sv
erage harvest per acre Is equal to
about 300 quarters, of which about
eighty quarters go for the consump?
tion of the family, the remainder be?
ing available for the market. There
are now over 30.000 households In
this position. On the basis of these
calculations It is estimated that the
present annual surplus is about 1,
000.000 quarters. But this amount Is
only a fraction of the estimated sur?
plus during the ensuing years, since
the number of households settled In
Western Siberia during the years
times the number previously settled.
One of the most serious drawbacks
to the Investment of capital in indus?
trial enterprises In Siberia lies In the
fact that all the land remains the
property of the State or the Crown,
with the exception of townlands. The
emigrants do not become freeholders,
but only have the usufruct of the land
allotted to them. The difficulty of ac?
quiring land raises a serious obstacle
to the development of Industries. Its
removal can not be long deferred.
As regards mining, Siberia also suf?
fers from restrictions which do not
prevail In European Russia. For in?
stance, in the Altai region, which Is
notoriously rich in mineral wealth,
the right of mining Is hampered by
the necessity of obtaining a special
permission from the Altai mining au?
thorities in each case. Many of the
iron deposits in the Altai are geologi?
cally related to ?be Ural. Copper, lead
and sliver are also met with In great
abundance, but Che chief wealth of
the Altai lies In its coal deposits,
which will no doubt be worked on a
large scale as soon as the present re?
strictions on mining are removed.
London?, Sept. 11.?This year South
Africa has astonished the commercial
world by suddenly becoming a factor
of importance in the maze trade. It
is not long since South Africa farm?
ers began to realize the possibilities
of their land for the purpose of
maize growing and the great value of
this grain in the markets of Europe.
Experts on this continent declared
that South African maize was of the
v< ry finest quality, and agriculturists
I und that the South African climate
and soil were peculiarly favorable to
the growth of the grain.
MOFS than two years ago the Natal
government approached the South
African steamship lines with a view
of g.-ttlng especially low infant trade.
At that time the charge for maize
w;>s $:i.T". a ton. und the late Sir Don
i! 1 Currie agreed to reduce this to
" - "0 a t m fO? ship'- lna Hug in the
.res of ordinary c ill, the arrange
nn-nt being for two years. Owing to
this and the inducement of high
prices the trade grew apace.
This year there was not onl.. a spe
cl tlly large harvest, but owing to the
tot that the natives hail grown large
quantities Of amabele. or Kalllr corn.
they were not such extensive buyers
i? i m a ize as In former years. As a
reeuM there was a very huge <pian
[ titv of the grain Available for ship
Intent; tha la teat estimate is 116,000
1 .v w. n. Dunes hai been sleet? I
may or of Orange burg,
exceeds 15?,0e*. or five
TIIFJtE IS LAND FOK EVERY?
The (?n?at Northwest i* Welcoming
Tons of Thousands of New Set?
In his article on Making the
Homes of the New Northwest," which
appears in The Delineator for Oc?
tober, F. U. Moorehead says:
Homes are to be had for practical?
ly all who apply, and hardships and
high prices do not and should not
count In the face of Independence and
future prosperity. Public lands in
the United States, subject to entry
and settlement, amount In area to
twenty-three times all the acres de?
voted to all agricultural pursuits in
Iowa, the greatest agricultural State
In the world. Were all the acres
tillable, no less than four and three
quarter million families might re?
ceive their allowannce of one hun?
dred and sixty acres and indepen?
dence. Each year the population of
Trenton. New Jersey, or Oakland Cal?
ifornia, finds homes in tne new North?
west and still public lands remain to
supply one hundred and sixty-acre
homes to every man woman and
child in New York city and Philadel?
The terms are easy, yet harder
than they were. It*is now necessary
to make one's residence on the home?
stead fourteen months before secur?
ing permission to commute, and by
paying a small amount receive patent
to the land. A short time ago the
residence requirements were eight
months. The price asked is small,
from fifty cents to a few dollars an
acre, with time allowed in which to
make the payments. Or one may
live on the land continually for five
years and cultivate it and so get it
free of cost.
Each day of the year a heavily
laden train comes to a halt in West?
ern Canada and pours forth its cargo
of eager-faced homesteaders. Sunny
Alberta, prosperous British Columbia
and unpronounceable Assiniboia, have
been In their dreams for months, per?
haps for years; at last they have
been reached. e
Poverty is behind these homeseek
ers, a few more days and, looking
over the rolling prairies, they will be
monarchs of all they survey. Tbe re?
versed train disappears over the east?
ern horizon, but there is no regret.
They have come into the Promised
Land. Seventy-three thousand of
them made the trip and took home?
steads last year. That means one
thousand two hundred coaches filled
to capacity, each day of the year a
train of four cars filled with hopeful
The Water Power Steal.
There is a hard contest in progress
over the water powers of the West.
It is charged, apparently, with good
ground for the claim, that the Stand?
ard Oil Interests are seeking to secure
control of these natural sources of
power, and It is argued, with good
reason, that the possession of these
powers will in the future develop a
trust so stupendous as a money-mak?
er that tbe Standard Oil and the Steel
Trust will be dwarfed beside it. The
steal is under way, and has been in
progress foi several years. Roosevelt
made a show of conserving these pow?
ers for the people, but Taft appar?
ently is Tunning things wide open,
giving che big fellows full sway In
gobbling the water ways. As a result
there has arisen a movement for a re?
turn to the Rooseveltlan policy. As
between the two policies the Appeal
favors that of Taft, although it may
involve a steal, for the reason that
it is precticaf, while the Roosevelt
policy is impossible. The water pow?
ers are available only after dams are
built, wires laid to the cities where
they are to be utilized, and a large
expense met in building machlueiy.
Therefore, they are propositions that
can be handled only in two ways. One
is by combinations of great wealth,
by trusts, the Taft way. The other
is by the whole people, the Socialist
way. It is impossible for the small
capitalist, the middle class man, to
utilize this stupendous force that lies
ahead of the world to assist it In pro?
duction and distribution. The Roose
veltian policy, therefore, Is like most
of his plans, and like the average
middle class ambition, "sound and
fury, signifying nothing." Of course,
under the utilization of these water
powers by the trusts there will be
stupendous steals. Perhaps the steal
will exe? sd anything ths world sver
knew, as some claim it will. Never?
theless, it will utilize forces that can?
not be Utilised by middle class dream?
ers, and the very magnitude of the
steal will help to arouse the people
to a realization that these things must
bs reserved for the whole people In?
stead of for the small owners alone
OF the big owners alone, and then
the true, practical, lion,*st. socialistic
way will prevail.?Appeal to Reason.
Berry Mitchell. :i young white man
Of Union, has been arrested on the
charge Of forging a check on the
Merchants and Planters' Bank of
that place for $lf>.
The derlei; in the post Office De?
partment last year was $16,000,000,
the highest ever known; this year it
Will go still higher and may exceed
$20.000.000. Postmaster General
Hitchcock insists that these deficits
shall he put an end to. Tue govern?
ment has no desire to make money
out of its postal business, but it doc?
not want to lose in it. especially when
that loss Is due to a poor division or
arrangement of the service. Most of
our postal service pays handsomely;
some of it is a heavy drain on the
government, paying out more for the
handling of the mails than it takes
in. Many of the methods in use are
cumbersome and expensive; and
some of the bureaus need over?
Mr. Hitchcock seems to be going
about the matter in a practical busi?
nesslike way. Instead of trifling with
experiments, putting new bureaus in?
to operation, he has set to work to
see where the leaks are and how the
postal expense can be reduced. The
registry department is now under in?
vestigation by a special commission
of forty-odd experts, it having shown
a growing deficit from year to year.
The money order department is to
receive a similar overhauling, it also
having developed a series of de?
Finally, Mr. Hitchcock proposes to
look into the abuse of the franking
privilege, by which government offi?
cials and members of congress send
matter free through the mail. This
franking provision, which had much
to recommend it at the beginning,
has grown into a great abuse, especi?
ally through a presidential campaign,
when the mails are loaded down with
the campaign speeches and literature
of all political parties. There is no
way of determining just how much
this practice has cost the govern?
ment; but it runs well up in the mil?
lions. Postmasters Genera^ have
hesitated to attack it, not wishing to
arouse the enmity and antagonism
of congress; but Mr. Hitchcock is a
man of aggressive courage, and
shows a determination to break up or
j limit this deadheading business which
causes a deficit in his department;
and serves as an excuse for its re?
fusal of many postal improvements
we need, ought to have and could get
but for this waste of money on
franking which brings little benefit
to the people of the country.
Value of Oil on Roads.
The practical advantages to be de?
rived by the oiling of roads has been
very conclusively demonstrated this
summer, when we have had so much
dry weather. When the Rising Sun
Farmington macadam road was top
dressed some weeks ago oil was ap?
plied to a portion of it as an experi?
ment, and everyone who has had oc?
casion to use the road since has been
convinced that the money expended
for the 10 barrels applied has gone
further and done more good than any
like amount expended on the road
since its construction. It has kept the
dust down, and also prevented the
topdressing from being blown off the
road by the wind and scattered about
by travel, permitting it to become a
sort of binder and being a great bene?
fit to the road.
The use of oil on roads has passed
the experiemental stage, its beneficial
results being sr. readily seen wherever
it has been tried that it has become
a big factor in road improveemnt in
every section where this important
question is given the attention it just?
NOW ON STRIKE.
Millions of stomachs Refuse to do
Their Work Properly.
All over the broad land millions
of stomach owners are being held in
humiliating subjection just because
they are so stubborn that they will
not accept a fair, square and broad
Life Is short for all of us; it will
be shorter for those who let their
stomachs go from bad to worse.
J. F. W. DeLorme has a famous
prescription called Mi-o-na and he
believes so thoroughly in its remark?
able curative power that he says to
any owner of a distressed stomach
that he will guarantee Mi-o-na tab?
lets to cure acute or chronic indiges?
tion and all stomach ailment or mon?
ey back, and the price is only 50 cents
And still there are stubborn peo?
ple right in Sumter who wont accept
this offer tmi continue to suffer from
gas on stomach, belching of sour
food, stomach pains, foul breath, diz?
ziness, biliousness and headaches just
because?just because?that's alii
there is no other reason.
Mi-o-na tablets stop dyspeptic
agony In five minutes; they cure ob?
stinate cases of Indigestion and turn
the old stomach into a new one In
a lew wee) or money back.
Dr. Theodore Maddux, who sued
11.? town ni Union tor $60,00 lost hH
case. He was thrown from the bug
fy and injured.
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
s imilai ing (he Food andRe^ula
ting die Stomachs andJBomof
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have
ness and Rest?ontains neter
Opiuni Morphine norMiaeraL
Aperfect Remedy forCoiBfiM
rton. Sour Stowadi.Diantoj
ness and Lo SS OF SLEEP.
FacSimae Signature of
NEW YOBK. 1
Atb months old
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
The ocmtawb u?. mwm vom ?crr.
Birnie's Dkiic Storp.,
6 W. Liberty St. Stjmter, 8. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES rAND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES. PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE MS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
AN AEROPLANE IN FIJ?HT
la always a source of great interest
to the public, and where to get the
highest quality of doors, sash-, blinds,
etc., at the lowest prices interests
those about to build in Sumter. The
high quality of our materials will ap?
peal to builders when they learn oar
prices and get estimate for their en?
tire building from
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factory,
J. W. McKeiver. - - Proprietor.
Appier and Red Rust Proof.
Smooth and Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
-Grain Pasture Mixture
Composed of Winter Turf Oats, Wheat, Rye, Barley
and Vetch. The best winter Horse, Cow and Hog
Pasture you can possibly plant. :: ::
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAN. 1910.
M-Uy Ur M Co.,
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
SUMTER, S C.
N. G. OSTEEN, JR., Dentist.
18 West Liberty Street-Up Stairs.
Hours?8.30 to 1-P. M-2 to 6.
Office Phone?No. 30 - - - House Phone 283