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CIRCUS DAY! SUMTER, WED
All the Big Ach of the Circus
The Nelson Family,
Genar o and Theo,
Rhoda Royal Menage
Horses and Hundreds
Altogether 900 People Employed.
SO Double-length Cars.
12 Big Water Tight Tents.
FUNNY FROLICSOME FRISKY
Brand New Street Parade-Two Miles ? Brilliant Dazzling Pageantry.
Two Grand Performances, Afternoon and Night-?
DOORS OPEN ONE HOUR BEFORE PERFORMANCE.
SEE THE ENLARGED ZOO AND HEAR THE SELLS-FLOTO MILITARY BAND.
Special Notice to Public
A?iron** la good standing
?ad a reliable citizen of
Hum Mt'ftton, after review
lug Cite exhibition by the
AIIMOUK GRAYS $23,
><w Prize Winners, driven
by vUllUm ("Billy")
Wale?, with the SELLS
rliOTO COM BIN KD
snows. If not perfectly
satisfied with thla .splendid
exhibition, the price of ud
n.isrilan will bo cheerfully
.. funded. W. E. Franklin.
<.en. Mar. Tlie "rent Sells
Mo to Combined shows.
Also Directing the Tour of
Tbe Greatest Equine Globe Trotters
- Ever Known -
HUNTS TRIAL BEGUN.
:;;.wk movk Ftm conti NU
wck Or no avail.
iouitulnger, Holding Cm rt at
? .,!.la, Ke4aae* to IV?*pOne
Chfle Ag-tin-f Charleston Mun Who
t* Aora*od of Bribery?Benson
Urged for (Vnitlnunnir Wax That
The leefcnse lUul ltor-n Taken by
foi'UTiiu.v Sept. 20.?James 8 Far
ef Charleston, will be tried first
(ha the dispensary alleged graft cases,
raae will be taken up tomorrow
when the Rlchland court
ies at t.lt o'clock. The charge
which the defendant will be
aa trial is bribery.
fftaAe gained a victory this af
the defence's move in
ease for a continuance
?M refwaed \*y Judge Memminger.
DeclnrVag that under the law and
eanvient grounds were not laid
a. oenttnuance. Judge Memminger,
hearing attorneys for the de
and the State refused to allow
t raae to go over. The main rea
i urged for a continuance was that
t def-ndant was taken by surprise
tltal no Intimation of a bribery
snce wa* made in the or ginal war
it charging conspiracy, and that
in th?? second Indictment handed
n\ this session of the c >urt he did
have time to prepare in answer,
the railing of this case was a
ran;d de surprise. The preliminary
tH thing upon this point was very
rr .Ung. and was a forerunner of
m hard I tattle that is about to be
Igh n.i ollbdal anrouncement
-I m ids eaecpt that the
meea w??uld he t-.i l early
fhV ek. there baked out the In
?;i that a move would hi
I Ifc? ii t- t noon at t o'clock. IftV
? ' ? rty en the reeonrental ef
??U' ? ?in \ ?: ? mr ;".--n<<?d 1 SSj IQ ?
thv the eouri room, and In i ihoii
wh >. inner circle was w i! fill d.
in em minutes Attorney General
1^-o- tod his uMoci.it.>s pppeared*
"Pi ' . ih.M- has not been u h ,m
larrri/ * ooanaei in the Riehland
etaacH baen laee the eayi of the
aaet i ? ;is ppaared thl -
aw**--., i i .
th* .OnMit to be tried. there
SPrTv ? number of other prominent
ttttern ?? pr*?s-nt. Three members of
the d-.fx'nsary commission were pres?
ent. Attorney H. |* Abney. of this
?tty. S4k?d for gtonjftfIIUI, and wh'-u
M*-m<r* OeJhav I,yon. Abney. ant St' v
earwua returned to the court rOOei So
tit o-o a/ h Oehg aaaoaneed that
the H**te was ready In No. f,?,, which
was (he charge of bribery against ,j.
A Far num. The attorneys for tin- d
aVndai?' >?n- Kr newt f. Cochran, f?-d
wru.1 riu?ii?t attorney, of Anderson;
B. a Masaaa\ ef Qnarleetoa, and Nel*
Nehen A (Jettys. of this city.
Judge M?mminger having asked if
the defence was ready, Attorney
Cochran made a motion for a con?
tinuance of the Farnum case. Mr.
C#cfefan stated that the defendant
w< - arrested eighteen months ago
up~!i warrant charging conspiracy,
th . h i red Into a recognizance
to appear and meet this indictment.
At the present term of court, two
counts of bribery were aded to the
two charges of conspiracy, the brib?
ery charges being entirely distinct of?
fences, said Mr. Cochran. That, the
defendant had had no preliminary ex?
amination, and that the charges of
bribery were made only last week,
and that be had bad no time to be
prepared for the trial. Mr. Cochran
cited several cases in support of bis
contention for a continuance, urging
that no notice had been given of the
Attorney General Lyon, for the
State, said that he was not surprised
that the defence was not ready. That
he felt sure that the defendant had
no desire to meet the issue at this
I term. Mr. Lyon pointed out that In
the case cited in support of a con?
tinuance, the offence was capital, and
that In the present case it is a mis?
demeanor and that the defendant had
not said that he was lacking any ma?
terial witness or given any other rea?
son for asking the court for a con?
tinuance. He stated that it might
have bi en assumed that bribery
would be one of the charges fi'om liu
published reports of the Wholi Inves?
tigation. Attorney B, L. Ahn y, Cor
the BtAte, pointed out that no affi?
davit was on hand from the de end
ant. and that there was no indica?
tion that he is unable to go to trial,
I and that the new Indictment Is not
so different and separate from the
original ehargei In the warrant Mr.
Abney stated that tin Indictment In
the bribery ease arose out of the sann1
tranaactlon and. therefore, wns not
.dissimilar, and that if prepared ?>?}
one. the defence Ii prepared on the
- ll er charg .
Attorney P, H. Nelson, for the de?
fence, put up b stimm argument for
11 Inu met . He stated hnl 1 he
( s ttin.u of d. tee for the trials had
!. Shroud d with a greffl drill of
n j i lei ]. and that he had nol been
able to And oul when nny one ease
I would i <? celled), Co;, :-"< !aon Ir.ld it
. the door u| tit) au ?:.:?> general
that the Caeee had !>? en delayed for
live terms ol oourt, the original atn
davlt being dated January is. 1901.
Ah to the preliminary hearing, he
said that tin defence has reserved
the ri?ht to have this at any time.
Me referred to the hoidinu of the i>;t ?
pern in the magistrate's office until
ordered to be sent up by the attorney
general. "We are ROW ready for trial
on the conspiracy charge," said Col.
Nelson, "hut we are absolutely taken
by surprise on the bribery oharge."
He urged that the defence had not
n id time to ascertain anything about
I witness, s. und added;
"How do we know we can't find
people in Chester county who will not
believe them on oath?" He mention?
ed the names of the witnesses in the
Farnum ca & Samuels and J.
General Lyon stated that ^??li< i >r
Cohb had announced .?w
?ery cases v."-*" come up this ween.
1 and that this was notice to all con?
cerned. He cited a very important
case as to continuances, and summed
up the arguments against granting a
postponement of the Farnum case.
! Judge Memmlnger announced that he
j would have to refuse the motion upon
? the showing made.
Col. Nelson remarked that it was
I only twenty-five minutes to time for
, adjournment, and asked until tomor"
1 row morning for the taking up of
the case. Mr. Abney asked if the
I defence would indicate whether or not
they were to go on with the empanel
l.ng of the Jury, but the reply wns
tticit the attorneys would confer u
nlght and make known their plans
tomorrow. The State is ready for the
jury to be empanelled. There was an
extra venire drawn today. Judge
Memmlnger announced that court
would tak? a recess until 9:30 o'clock
tomorrow morning, when the Far?
num case will he called.
Before court recessed the attorneys
in the various cases were announced;
also the probable order of tho trials.
Although the State docs not agree to
l ? bound, by the order given out. the
following is the statement made as
to the taking up of the cases: Two
bribery counts against aFrnum; the
Black ense, the conspiracy cases.,
which include Rawllnson, Black, et
all. This is a tenatlve announcement
and is subject to variations in the de?
velopment! of the cases lirst tried.
The following attorneys were an
For J. B. Farnum- -B. F. Cochran.
of Anderson: B. A. Hagood, of Char?
leston, and Nelson. Kelson & Getfcys.
John Black?Howell ft Gruber,
represented i>y M. p, Howell, Jr., of
i Walterboro, and Nelson, Nelson &
Gettys, of this elty.
Jodi ? Rawllnson?Weston & Ay
! cock, and Bellinger & Welch,
j John Bell Towlll?B. L. Asbill. of
Batesburg, and Bellinger A Welch.
Whit Boykln?Bellinger & Welch,
i !eorgc Johnstons, and Nelson, Nel?
son a (lettys.
W, O, Tatum?Bellinger ft Welch.
H. Lee Solomons--Bellinger ft
Welch, Nelson. Nelson & Gettys,
Attorney General Lyon announced
the following atorneys for the Stai
Attorney General Lyon, \\. L. Abney,
W, F. Stevenson. E. M. Thomson.
Geo, R. Rembert and k. McC. Clark
Attorneys for other defendants
w ?? ??? not tunned today.
In a family row In Chester county
John Chlsolm, colored, was seriously
wounded by his wife and daughter.
He may die.
LANDLORDS AND RENTERS.
Repeal Of the Uen Law Bound to
St, Matthew's, Sept 19. - \ land?
lord who rents iand, a* a side line,
cannot be expected to enlighten the
I farmers upon sclentiflc agricultnral
j methods. But there are oceans of
land (entirely too much) which are
not worked by their owners. There is
too strong a dirft of substantial white
farmers to the towns, and there are
too many of us owning lands which
#hould be under closer and more
profitable supervision. But the prob
j lern is with us and must be solved as
I best we can until more favorable con
' ditions arise for its settlement. The
materials which this class of land
owners have to contend with are,
necessarily, more or less crude and
Renters, as a rule, are a shiftless
lot. They do not usually look beyond
the next lien, thirty acres and mule.
As a consequence, they add little to
the wealth of the country or to the
development of the lands. They re?
sent "bosses" and learn little or
nothing from observation. Lands, un
< er their care and supervision, de
ten rate in fertility and productive
less. When their substance is squeez?
ed out like a lemon, the tenants for?
sake them and seek more inviting
fields or drift into other paths, for
meat and bread.
Landlords ar largely to blame for
thil condition of affairs. They look
usually only for the anual rental and
! ostlr themselves very indifferently at
thcr seasons of the year. If a ten?
ant of more than average energy,
judgment and tori sight proves him
self a good manager and fair farm?
er, the rental is too frequently ad?
vanced with the result that he be?
comes discouraged, drops hack into
his Old ruts and methods until Hi*'
lien m< rchant "nabs" him.
The vast majority ol* land owners
under the rental system pay t<><> littl?
attention to their farms. They should
sir that they art- terraced and pre?
served. A renter never voluntarily
or Without some pay puts any labor
or thought upon the proper protec?
tion land from Hoods,
Bett? r Ionises should be provided.
The overage tenant home is barely
more than comfortable t?>r the stock
on the plantation. With good houses
and a reasonable rental there is much
more likelihood <>f a better and more
permanent class of tenants. Land?
lords should not renounce authority
w In n the annual contract is drawn
up. <>n the contrary, H should stip?
ulate some supervision which Incline
to the betterment of both parties to
They should advance their own ten?
ants. Naturally the merchant is only
interested in the collection of his
bills. He advances as far as the se?
curity will justify and frequently
much further. It is notorious that a
negro will get all the lien he can and
think it a sin to leave a dollar un?
spent. For this reason he frequently
quits rd* ,1ordH who has him s?j aarr
< \fih the world, and goes to th*- mer?
chant with the. view of a full rei 1
and stiffer lien. Ha usually returns
with a humble apology and a "beck
debt*' only to go again when he re?
gains his equilibrium. For this and
other reasons, the repeal of the Hen
law will be a blessing to farmer and
Tenants should be induced, if pos?
sible; forced, if necessary, to use a
fair amount of fertilizers. It is as nat?
ural as the sparks fly upward for
them to sell every cotton seed and care
little or nothing about what takes
its place the following spring.
They should be made to utilize the
litter on the place, when available.
Unfortunately, whites and blacks are
too prone to clear all the woodland
and leave no trash with which to
make home-made fertilizers.
It is a suicidal policy on the part
of landlord and tenant to destroy this
most valuable unct to any farm,
for the sake of a temporarily increas?
ed rental. He should be made to
plant pens and not allowed to pull
the vines by the roots. The great
curse to our rented lands is the lack
of vegetable m; it^r. Peas should be
furnished just as guano, for a negro
is as sure to sell his pea seed as he
is to dispose of his cotton eed.
That the system in vogue hereto?
fore, practiced for rented lands, is ?
miserable farce and failure is fast be?
coming more and more evident and
the change for the better will grad?
ually make headway. The key to the
situation is that the landlord, and not
the tenant, is "boss" and that certain
Axed rules and principles must be ad?
hered to.?T. H. Dreher in News ft
Berry Williams, of Anderson coun?
ty, was instantly killed by the acci?
dental discharge of a shotgun.
Some people seem to think that i:
they only wear (.Hasses it will be al?
right with their eyes. There would
be just as much sense Is prescribing
the same medicine for every dis?
We give an Fxaminatioii that can
Leave no Defect Cndiseovered.
I have a graduate Optician in
( barge of my Optical Parlor. All
W. A. Thompson,
Jeweler and Optician.
A S. Main Street
Slimier, S. C.
W hy Corn Should be Cured.
( It. W. T. Wood ley In the Charlotte
Recently ri^ht much tiaa been said
about Ciose dying of pellagra who j
had never i iten corn :?.??? u t.-. also**
about proper cooking of corn prod*
nets ee a preventllon of pellagra.
There ere two pointe c ?nnected with
this subject that require thorough In?
vestigation before one can arrive at
;i definite conclusion.
?"ijst. s ferment; lion of mi- I
c ired corn produce a germ or a pois
* Seeond. Does the fungus com
m nly known as "com smut'" produce
poison or germ that will cause pel
tagra? If a poison is produced in
either case, neither alcohol or heat
will kill it, while if either produces a
germ both alcohol and heat will de-^
?troy it. Corn has to undergo fer?
mentation to be converted into corn
liquor, and if the fermentation has
reached the stage where it would not
do to grind it into meal, economy
would suggest that it be converted
into corn whiskey. if fermentation^
produces a poison, then the drinking^
of corn products would produce pel?
lagra much quicker than eating them,
because of the greater degree of fer?
mentation, and therefore the more
c mcentrated the poison. If fermented
corn produces a germ and not a?
poison, then corn whiskey and thor- r
oughly cooked corn products will not
produce pellagra. Pellagra or no pel?
lagra, our corn should be well cured,
and corn cured in the shock should
not be stored until February, and not
then unless the cob is cry. I earn?
estly urge all farmers to thoroughly
cure their corn, thus preventing, it
may be, pellagra in man, blind stag?
gers in horses and the plague in
The report is that J. Pierpont
Morgan has offered to give financial
aid to Dr. Cook in the North Pole
controversy. When a man can con
ince the King of Denmark and the
King of Wall Street he must have a
pretty good case.?Savannah News.
The worst start in life a boy op^
girl can make is to cultivate idleness.
Far better for a community, as well
as for youth's future. if every girl
would find something to do?house?
work, sewing, office arork, stenogra?
phy, bookkeeping, anything honor
abh?and every boy. rather thaiigi
loaf, idle and gossip, would do some-*
thing, even if he earned but twenty
five cents a day. To see j*oung men
"killing time" stamps Cain hi irk for
future preferment.-?Viiginla Citizen, i
for Infants and Children.
The Kind You Han Always bought
? fj ? ?
We have just received a
shipment of Onion Sets.
Now is the time to plant
them for an eat iy crop.
Red and White
Ms Biu Store
W. W. SIBERT.
Telephone 283. - S S. Main St.
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