Newspaper Page Text
?l)f 'Sdlatcbman anil Soutbron.
SATURDAY, SEP1EII31R 1^1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In I860 and the True Southron in
IM?. The Watchman and Southron
tow has the combined circulation and
tadeeru-t* of both of the old papers,
end is manifestly the best advertising
snedtum in Sumter.
THK UNENDING BROADWAY CASE
Mr. OutthH? Makes Rejoinder In Ex?
planation and Itofenae.
Mr. Editor: I regret the necessity
of answering your article In yester?
day's Item in reference to the Broad?
way matter. I admit my article of
Tuesday was quite a lengthy one. and
by the way of apology will say, It was
masle a<? In order that It might contain
all the essential facts of the case and
1 alao thine! It "sufficient for any per?
son of average intelligence to form
an opinion." But again you do me an
Injustice, for your argument or "com
aneatar>" on my article overlooks all
the facta of the case, except those
staled in th* two letters which was
reproduced. The facts which led
op te those letters are of vital im?
portance, they were stated frankly in
my si tie it* aad cannot be denied by
anyone, therefore, you should take
sheas in cons.deration in your argu
TBMNst. The fact that no demands
were snade of any kind or conditions
upon wntch the Committee were ask?
ed te Investigate the matter, even
suggested by us. until told by the
chairman of that committee that un?
less Mr. Broadway consented to ac?
cept their Unding ss final they could
net span* ass request, msde it neces?
sary <? deeasat something before the
Investigation, which of course, de?
pended upon the proper proof of the
charge*. That was Mr. Broadway's
Wtexv of the* matter and the terms
?sort stated plainly as his terms under
dl'SV i*psjpggaj for him to.be bound by
?their Aadinga. These facts are essen?
tial te a full understanding < f the
?esse and should not be omitted In
'"commcntsries" so blasly written.
When both aides of a controversey
tare represented by advocates In the
.trial of a cause it it permissible for
?r?ch advocate to argue only such
far?* as are favorable to his client,
b''t |PM n an editor makes it neces?
sary for me to defend my position be
lot in-- public by reason of argu
k meals based only upon a part of
the u? 'tM. the most vital part being
orn ",- i. it Is an injustice.
In your last article you make the
?tat Stent that in your first you "only
stated a fact and nothing more and
fact* are never misleading nor un?
just." That la true provided you
state all the facts and to show how
untrue that statement would be If
only a part of the facts are stated
I will prove hy illustrating that some?
times "A lie Is as good if not too bold,
as la the truth If but just half told."
For Instance, should I say that the
editor of the Item got up this morn?
ing In his night clothes and walked
down street I would be stating facts,
but not all the facts and consequent?
ly my .< <teiueut of facts might create
a false Impression on the minds of
CHAS. L. CUTTIXO.
8?pt. !3. 190t.
(The Information upon which the
write** I*.tied the article, published
Monday, that Mr. Cuttlno contends
was ml.letting and unjust to him and
to h i bent, was obtained from thr
letter of Mr Cuttlno to Mr. Llgon and
Mr. Utg00r*a replay thereto, which Mr.
Ug? pi etic ed in support of his de?
nial ef the statement that he had re?
fused t ? investigate the Broadway
csse Mi. I.lgon did not relate what
pass, ! het ween Mr. Cuttlno and him
?Sjtf during the Interview that preceded
the letter writing, therefore it was
Imp ? i'do to mention the "coat and
trou-era." so to speak, of the Broad
way-Cuttlno-Ligon controversy. If
Mr r'uttino neglected to fully clothe
his proposition, when he reduced it
to w t!ng. and sent it out half-<tlothed
Into the world, the writer does not
feel h mself fglM] Of controversial in
igeei If in relating the naked Tacts
as t: ? . wer? revelled to him.)
I BMOtl \VI\TCR Kil l I I).
C'apt Ferlier, of the Army, Crushed
l oiler III?, Aeroplane.
Boulogne, Sept. 22.?Capt. Ferber.
an office* of the French army, was
ktHfd neai there this morning, while
test, ... ?:i ircoplane. While in thi
air the machine turned completely
over and then dashed to the ground.
Capt Ferber was crushed to death
by the motor.
After making a short flight the cup
tsln attempted t? alight. A wing of
the areoftlane ton h> .| the ground,
boss. ' /iml Hi.- ir.-opljyie turned a
sonoT': t ill iii'l . r.ished to the earth.
Five prisoner-. escaped from the
Cotton SOM fOI 1 I r.-nis al Bt Mat ?
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs. President Farmers' Uidon of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual ueneflt to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, 8. C.
TIIiE DRAINAGE IN FOUR CAP
"The most important part of every
business is to know what ought to be
done." About A. D., 10 Columilla.
In laying out, on the ground, a sys?
tem of underdrainage, a field having
one slope presents the simplest prob?
lem. Great care should be observed
In the choice of outlet for the main
drain. This should generally be at
the lowest point of egress from the
Meld, but circumstances may make it
necessary to go much beyond the
limits of the area to be drained in
order to get to a water course that
may be relied upon to remain at all
times unobstructed. A drop of sev?
eral Inches from the end of the pipe
down to the bottom of the channel
into which it discharges, is always de?
sirable. The end of the pipe should
pass through a pier of masonry hav?
ing a foundation well below the bot?
tom of the channel, and the mouth
of the pipe should be closed by a
shackle valve, opening outward, to
prevent the entrance of vermin. \
In the case we have under consid- j
?ration, the main drain, after reach?
ing the field, would probably run
along the foot of the slope receiving
in its coarse branch drains running
clown from the higher ground; an ex
)tional case being one in which by
. i ting for a few rods through B
slight hill, we could more than offset
the additional cost of the deeper
trench by the saving affected in the
large and more costly pipe of the
At proper points for receiving the
lateral or branch drains, Y junctions
should be laid tn the course of the
main drain. The outer or branch
prong of the Y should be turned up?
ward somewhat, in order that the
water from the lateral may enter th?
main drain near the top of the latter.
By connecting the lateral with the
main through a Y, the water from
the lateral is made to enter the main
drain at an acute angle, which serves
to accelerate rather than to retard
the flow of water in the main.
As far as the working of the sys?
tem is concerned, it makes no differ?
ence what angle the course of the
lateral makes with the course of the
main drain. If the course of the lat?
eral is perpendicular to that of the
main, it is only necessary to connect
the lateral with the Y branch by an
appropriately curved pipe known as
a 4 5-degree bend. The pron.? or
branch of the Y itself, sets off from
the main at an angle of uboul 45
degrees and the addition of the bend
further sets off 4 5 degrees, thus caus?
ing the lateral to assume a direction
which is at right angle to the coins ?
of the main drain.
As to the direction the lateral
drain.-: should take with reference to
the topography, they should, where
poaslb] ? lie perpendicular to the con?
tours; that is to say, straight up and
down the slope, in tiiis position they
dn w v. iter from equal distances on
ThB difference of elevation between
the ohannel Into which the main
? rain is to discharge, and the land
through which this drain is to he
laid, controls both its depth and its
Inclination. But it era can not ^<?,
Ihc desired depth tot the main drain.
In its course through the Held, we
can run our branch drains on grades
Hatter than the Blope up which they
pass, until have received the
desired depth. and then continue
them ??u grades parallel to the gen?
eral BUrfaCc of the ground. The lat?
eral drains constitute, by far, the
greater portion of a drainage system
The main drain receives directly from
the Boll but a small per cent. Of th"
aggregate carried by it, and in the
simple problem nn e ai r now examin ?
ing the question id' depth is not a
mfIosjb one provided the pipe I?'' deep
enough fOI alety.
a (?;?>?? more complex than the one
which u? have Just considered, would
1 ? one in Nvhich the land slopes in
various directions, forming a system
of valleys, up which mains and sec?
ondary mains would be laid. It might
be well here to procure the aid of a
skilful engineer. It is nearly always
the case in work of this kind that
the extra cost incurred by an unskil?
ful arrangement of the system, caus?
ing an unnecessarily large number of
laterals, and needless expenditure in
large pipe, to say nothing of defec?
tive workmanship, is far greater than
would have been the cost of supervi?
sion by a competent person. It would
be well for the owner, before under?
taking such work, to give due con?
sideration to the possibilities of his
drains becoming chocked, and to take
every precaution for avoiding so
grave a disaster.
It would be less absurd to set a
jack-leg carpenter to doing fine cabi?
net work than it would be to entrust
the grading of these trenches and
laying these tiles to a common labor?
er. In the building of a railway, all
the surverying has been done, the
costly excavations made, and all the
great works of steel and masonry and
timber have been built, merely to get
a perfectly smooth foundation for the
rails. Perhaps ninety per cent, of
the cost of the road has been so
spent, and now to begin to stint and
buy inferior rails just because they
are cheap, would be the poorest kind
of policy. In works of drainage the
surveying has been done, the tiles
have been bought and hauled, deep
and expensive trenches have been cut
?and for what purpose? Merely to
t permanent little holes through
the ground. To turn stingy at this
stage of the work and fail to have
these trenches truly and nicely grad?
ed on their bottoms or to see that
there are no bumps nor sags, to neg?
lect to have every one of these little
tiles truly laid and jointed and firm?
ly bedded, would result so disastrous?
ly that nothing short of digging up the
tiles, cleaning and relaying thein.
' could possibly be the remedy.
I have, here and in the preceding
chapters, tried to Impress upon the
would-be drainer the Importance of
precise work. Some people are dis?
posed to make so many difficulties
over work that has to be done to a
line. If they d!^ a ditch, it is crook?
ed, when it was Intended to be
straight, if they build a fence, it is
the same way. I suppose these same
people would try to hew a round log
Into a square one, without using a
chalking line, or a blacking line. Af
?ter spending three times as much
time and labor as should be neces?
sary, the only result would be the
ruin of the log. If the log is first
lined off, you know just where to hit,
a.;d how hard to hit; and you use
your energy in hitting, instead of
wasting It in chipping here and and
there, and then going over the work
and chipping again, and finding in
the- end that you have done all of
y ?ur chipping in the wrong place. A
I straight ditch is easier to dig than a
j crooked ditch, and a straight fence
1 is easier to build than a crooked
fence; because when the work is
j lined off. it is only necessary to make
every CUt and set every post at once
j to the line, instead of wasting tim<
I In looking here and there to Me when
the work is straight, only to see that
J it is crooked. It Is true that th?
bungler can not attempt at all, with
' any chance of success; and ammu
these Is tilt- drainage, i am dlgres'
Sing, I only wanted to inflict a llttU
advlee upon those whom this con
(tins while I had them foul, bul
must admit that it is against the rulei
Of the game, and will Stop, 1 shal
now return to my subject and en
deavor not to depart from it.
(To Be Continued.)
Has the organization of a local
foot ball team fallen through? Noth?
ing has been heard of it for sunn
time. There Is some excellent ma?
terial her?' for such sport and we set
no plausible reasons why Sumtei
should not he represented along thli
line, Several of the surrounding
towns have organised and are anx?
ious to have some games with sum
ARRESTED AT LAST.
George W. .Murray Captured in Chica?
go?Refuses to Return Without E.v
Sheriff \V. H. Epperson has receiv?
ed notice from a detective agency in
Chicago that George Washington
Murray, the negro ex-congressman
from the seventh South Carolina dis?
trict, who is a fugitive from justice,
has been arrested in that city. The
telegram stated that Murray refuses
to return to South Carolina without
extradition papers and that he is be?
ing held pending the arrival of an of?
ficer and the proper papers.
Deputy Sheriff J. S. Sykes went to
Columbia this morning, carrying all
the papers in the case, to lay the mat?
ter before Gov. Ansel and to request
him to issue requisition on the Gov?
ernor of Illinois for the extradition of
As Murray is an escaped convict
there is no reason to suspect that
the Governor of Illinois will refuse to
honor the requisition of Governor
Ansel. If the requisition is honored
Murray will be broght back and will
immediately begin serving his sen?
tence of three years on the chaingang
or State Penitentiary.
Murray, who, at the time he was
indicted, was the largest land owner
in Sumter County, was convicted of
forgery and sentenced to serve three
years at the public works of the
county or three years in State
Penitentiary. Murray was --oly de?
fended and no effort or expense was
spared to save him. The case was
taken on appeal to the Supreme Court
and he was released on $3,t>00 bond.
He remained in this county until it
became known that the verdict of the
lower court had been afflrnved by the
Supreme Court, and then disappeared.
His bond was estreated by the Solici?
tor and wa? finally paid. Ffrr more
than two years it has beert known
that Murray was living in Chicago,
but for some reason he was not ar?
rested, and the news of his arrest at
this tfme comes as a surprise
In addition to the charge of forg?
ery on which he was convicted there
is a charge of perjury still pending
against Murray and he may be put
on trial on this charge when he has
served out the sentence for forgery.
The telegram from the Chicago de?
tective agency to Sheriff Epperson
states that Murray says lie is deter?
mined to fight to the end against com?
ing back to South Carolina and, as
Murray sold his land in this county
for a good price, receiving forty or
fifty thousand dollars in cash over
and above the morgtages that stood
against him. he Is in a position to
make as strong a light as money can
The Requisition Issued.
Gov. Ansel has issued the rtquiri
tion for George W. Murray, who is
under arrest in Chicago as a fugitive
from justice. The requisition was is?
sued at the request of Sheriff Epper?
son, but this does not guarantee tha'
Murray will be brought back to serve
out his sentence. Gov. Ansel de?
clares that the State will not bea*
the expense that must necessarily
incurred to bring Murray back to
this State, and Sumter county must
put up the money if Sumter county
wants him brought back.
News of Sinitlivillc.
Smithville, Sept. 23.?We have had
a fine rain. Gardens have begun to
improve the last few days. Sweet po?
tatoes are almost a failure. Those
that were fortunate enough to get up
turnips are having quite a time try?
ing to kill out worms that web up
\n the bud and kill the plants, even
bollards are infested with the same
kind of worm. They are as hard to
conquer as the Texas boll weevil.
Farmers, those of you that have
cattle to feed, plant velvet beans.
They grow seemingly regardless of
weather c< ?ndltlons.
Rev. P. M. Robertson is visiting h':.
father who is still quite sick.
Mr. John McCutCheon and sister.
Miss Belle, spent several days recent?
ly with friends and relatives at Bish?
op vtlle and Elliotts.
Rev. T. W. Munnerlyn came up last
Monday to visit his little daughter,
Annie Lee. who is quite sick at the
home Of his brother, Mr. J. T. Mun?
Miss Jessie Player, <>f Elloitts, is
the guest Of Miss Helle McCutehen.
Mr. R. 3. Hatfleld spent last Tu< ?
day In Sumter.
Mr. i>. J, Robertson spent Wednes?
day In Camden.
Mrs. Essie Bourne, of Sampit, has
return? d home after spending several
days with her sister, Mrs. Mayme
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shiver and
Messrs. Charlie and J. L. Shiver at?
tended Mother's Pay at McLeodl
Church <?n last Sunday
Mr. I?. j. Hatfleld, of Rembert, and
Mr. W. J. shiver spent last Monday
Dr. T I >. Foxworth spent last Tues?
day In Blshopville.
Mr. Ernesl Rhame, of Sumter, and
Misses Monlta and Mazie McLeod, of
Rembert, attended services at St.
John's on last Sunday afternoon. The
quarterly conference will meet with
st. John's church on next Saturday
and Sunday, Sept. l'"< and
JOHNNY MACK EN TROUBLE.
Arrested for Entering the House of
Mr. Tom Strenge, of WedgeAekL
Johnny Muck, colored, the bill pos- I
ter and paper hanger, was arrested
yesterday afternoon on a serious'
charge and the indications are that he J
is the man wanted.
On Friday last about 10 o'clock a. m. .
a negro man entered the house of Mr.'
Tom Strange, who lives about one
half mile from Wedged Id, for the
purpose of committing robbery. He
was discovered by Mrs. Strange while
he was ransacking one of the front
rooms and when asked what he want?
ed, replied in an insolent manner.that
he was hunting money. Mrs. Strange
was very much frightened, but put
ting on a bold front stepped quickly
into a back room and got a shotgun.
When the negro saw the gun he be?
came frightened and asked Mrs.
Strange if she was going to shoot him
just for coming in the house. Mrs.
Strange told him to leave the house at
once or she would shoot him. The
negro did so, but when he got safely
outside called back that he knew
there was money in the house and he
would get it yet.
Mrs. Strange described the man so
accurately that suspicion fell upon
Johnny Mack, who was known to
have been In the neighborhood of
Wedgefield on Friday, and he was ar?
rested here yesterday afternoon and
taken to Wedgefield this morning. As
soon, as Mrs. Strange saw him, she
positively identified him as the mart
she saw in the house Friday morning.
Mack will be brought back this af?
ternoon and committed to jail. A
circumstance that gives weight to Mrs.
Strange"? identification of Mack is the
fact that the first man arrested on
suspicion was taken before her and
released when she said he was not
the man. The description of i:he man
given by Mrs. Strange fitted Mack,
even to the color of shirt he wore.
KILTS HIMSELF AND WIFE.
Chester, Sept. 2-0.?Jack Davis,
colored, shot and killed his wife.
Belle Kennedy Davis, early this morn?
ing on the plantation of Mr. E. R.
Jemison, near Blackstock, and going
into the woods near the house, where
he killed the woman, ended his own
MARKETING THE COTTON.
Dan J. Sully, the "cotton king.'"
will come to Columbia on September
30 for a conference with Commission?
er Watson concerning the intelligent
marketing of the cotton cr*op. Mr.
Sully was in Columbia recently and
made the prediction that cotton would
bring very high prices as the crop was
a very poor one. He has visited
number of Southern cities since com
<ng to Columbia.?The State.
A ntloch, Sept. 23.?The <!ry weath?
er has at last been broken. We have
had several nice show- rs. Veg ta?
bles are a thing of the past. There
will be a short crop Of peas and po?
tatoes as well as cotton, which l% only
about one-hall crop. The corn cropjfl
is very good. Peavlne hay is also
Shorf. The farmers around here are
selling their cotton as fast as they
can gather it. Cotton pickers are
Messrs. A. 13. White and J. W. Wel
don spent yesterday in Camden. M
Miss Fae Reins Ir s returned home
after several weeks stay with her ,
aunt. Mrs. J. 1 . r.*~Leod.
There will be a box supper given
at the Egypt school Thursday even?
ing. Sept. 30. Come boys and bring
your girls and let the girls bring their
boxes. Every lady cordially invite*
to attend. The money will be use<
in painting the school building.
Messrs. L. A. White and J. K.
Richbourg spent Monday in Camden.
Mr. L. D. Sullivan left Tuesday for
Clint m. where he will attend the
Messrs. L. A. White. A. B. Whif^
and J. W. Weldon were visitors in
Bishopville last Friday.
Mr. Dexter Davis left last Sunday
for Crescent City, Fla., where he will
work a tew months.
Rev. J. E. Strickland filled the pul?
pit at St. John's last Sunday after^f
The health of the community Is
Local Cotton Market.
Receipts for the week above 2,500
bales. The market is strong today, %
12.90 being paid freely.
WANTED?To buy a large quantity
of short or long leaf pine logs. Eith?
er f. o. b. cars Sumter or f. o. b.
car at shipping poirj*. Correspond?
ence solicited. Sumter Lumber Co.A
FOR SALE?At Cotton Warehouse in
Sumter, 300 bushels Appier Seed
Oats 75 cents per bushel there or
F. O. B. cars. Write or phone. Jno.
L. Frierson, No. 3 R. F. D., Sum?
ter, S C. 9-I8-3t; W
FOR SALE?Land at a bargain, 295
acres of farming land in Sumter
County, for sale at $25.00 per acre.
This includes an eight room house,
barn, tenant house and flowing ar?
tesian well, with good timber on
the tract. Purchaser to pay fpr
papers. For a quick cash saie nee
me. Dr. Walter Cheyne.
FOR SALE?Seven room house, large
well fenced lot. Price low. Apply
to S. F., 23 Wrarren street. ?l
FOR SALE?Seed rye and oats, will
have seed wheat, barley etc., later.
Booth-Harby Livestock Co., 8-2
O'Donnell 6 Co.
WHEN out shopping for!
House Furnishings keep
us in mind, and save money
LL of the above lines we
carry a full and complete
stock. We earnestly invite
your inspection of same.
O'Donnell 6 Co.