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TIIK CORPORATION T\X.
Commissioner Cahcll Preparing
Forms to l>e FIIPmI In by Com
imnles Liable for Levy.
Washington, Sept. 19.?Newly In?
ducted Into o flee. Commissioner Ca
bell of the internal revenue bureau Is
now engaged In the heavy task of
providing for the execution of the
corporation tax law. He is In daily
consultation with his deputies and
law officers of the government's de?
partments regarding the preparation
of the blank forms which must be
sent to the various Internal reve?
nue collectors and by them placed In
the hands of the corporation officers
within the respective districts.
Precautionary measure* are neces?
sary In order to render the forms
"lawyer proof because It Is quite
certain that the new law will never
be put Into operation without under?
going fierce onslaughts in the court?
at the hands of the ablest attorneys
In the land.
The forms will not be ready for
nearly a month. Every corporation
or stock company eave labor, relig?
ious and mutual associations from
which no individual derives a profit?
and whose net Income exceeds $5,000
per annum must fill In the blanks un?
der heavy penalty, not only fdr the
corporation Itself but for the dere?
lict officials. False returns will be
made the subject of severe punish?
All returns must be In the hands of
the district collectors by March 1.
next, within a month the collectors
must Inform the corporations of the
amount of the tax for which they are
liable and that tax must be paid be?
t?re June SO each year, else a charge
will be made of 5 per cent, of the to?
tal tax due and Interst at 1 per cent
Ver mouth thereafter.
National Education Aj*mm tat Ion of the
United State** In Convention Assem?
bled at Denver, Colorado, July 8,
The National Education Associa?
tion, now holding Its Forty-seventh
Annual convention In Denver, repre?
senting teachers and friends of edu?
cation In evory State of the Union,,
makes the following Declaration of
Principles and of Alms:
I A free democracy cannot long
continue without the assistance of a
system of State-supported schools,
administered by the chosen agents of
the* pe<?p| I responsible i?? the
9t*ple for its ideals. Its conduct und
tts rcsjlta. The commanding posit on
of the American people is largely due
it the general diffusion of knowledge
and culture by its free schools.
t. Our system of State-supported
schools must Include elementary
schools, secondary schools, schools
for the training of teachers, and State
universities. The changed conditions
of the twentieth century also demand
the establishment of free schools
whose purpose shall be the training
of our youth for commerce and the
Industries, as well as for the profes?
I. The purpose of our system of
free common schools must continue
to be chiefly culture for the Individ?
ual and the transmission to prostority
of the results of investigations and de?
liberations of the past. Our free
schools must advance along the lines
<?' educational democracy in the sense
that they must provide equal educa?
tional opportunities for all. Alth.)
they must give practical preparotion
ii i only for professions, but also for
commercial life, the demands of anv
part of the business world that courses
of ptudy be subordinated to particu?
lar interests is not in accord wlih the
pTOfiei alms of a national system of
4. A system of common schools
that will meet the needs of the unit.*
r^ust be democratic In its purpose
and its adsalakftratioa\ must re?otf?
|.< i tance of expert I'tper*
vision, of better and more numerous
Im&ji atho' is. of better und Rurs nu?
merous saliools for the training of
teachers, of a mtitt system for gHt
ilntaeent ami promotion "f teach'
?rs: and it must nafuda fraternities
und en t organ lz;i l'?oi* eve?- ? ?<!>? t
fn>m the social Mfe of the school.
5. The common schools of our
courtt.y rnu>t recognise more fully
'? han ever th. necessity of |fainlf*?Tj
our ..outh for citizenship. The per
I et nation of democracy depends ttp??*t
the existence in the people of that ha?
bit <?f win whktl |g Jsjatwa, Liberty
uti'ler law the process for attaining
justice whieh has thus far been most
successful among civiM/ed men. The
call to citizenship is | rail to the ex?
ercise of liberty under law, a call to
the limitation of liberty by law. and
a call to the pursuit of Justice, not
only for one's self but f?>r others.
i. The National BdOCatlOB Asso
. ion endorses the purpose <?f the
American School Peace league. The
Association believes that the prin?
ciple, of the league will make for ef?
fective citizenship. and urges all
teachers to acquaint themselves with
the work ??f the league and to co-ope
rste with It.
7. The Increased tendency to con
gSStton of population in oltles makei
sar> utv; trr and more system?
atic Attention to the physical devil j
opment of our ohlldren, No vlgoroui
r,uT of people ha? long maintained a
high state of civilization und? r con- !
uitlons that did not take into consld-1
eration the physical as well as the
mental and moral development of its
youth. The Association rOCOnimandl
that provision be made by the United
States bureau of education for effec?
tive promotion of physical education
through the diffusion of scientific In?
formation on this subject.
v Th* National Education ASSO
elation approves the ever increasing ,
dOSiend for better qualified teachers j
In the common schools. This higher,
standard muat lead logically to a long- |
er tenure and to a compensatio 1
more nearly commensurate with the
quality of preparation and with the
nature of the service rendered.
9. The National Education Asso?
ciation heartily endorses the use of
school buildings and all school equip?
ment for community interests and so?
10. The National Education Asso
elation endorses the movement IU
consolidate the rural district schools
U herever practicable, and expresses
?he hope that this movement will ?>e
.rcouraged until the children of ni?
val communities enjoy the benefits of
pvhllc education to an extent approx?
imating those now supplied to chil?
dren of urban communities.
11. The National Education Asso?
ciation gives its hearty endorsement
to the work of the National Bureau
of Education, the Carnegie Founda?
tion, the General Education Board,
and all associations, institutions, and
organizations that are working to de?
velop and promote the educational in?
terests of the country.
EDWIN G. COOLEY. of Mass., C*i
JOHN H. PHILLIPS, cf Alabama,
CHARLES H. KEYES, of Conn..
AUGUSTUS S. DOWNING, of N. Y
SYLVANUS L. HEETER, of Minn.
Committee on Resolutions.
Adopted by unanimous vote of a"
tive members in session, July 8, 190'.?
IRWIN SHEPARD. Secretary
TO LET CLEMSON ALONE.
Next Legfedaturc Not Expected to
Inquire Into Matter of Life Tenure
Columbia, Sept. 20.?Some doubt
has been expressed that any legis?
lation touching Clemson College
would come up at the next >? sshm
of the Legislature. It was ?tatevi
??"in., tin.-- ago thaf Representative
- Mtndai Smith would Introduce ?
bin providing tor a commission to
examine into the advisability of doing
"way with the life tenure feature of
the members of the board, and to see
what steps the State could legally
take to bring about some change.
However, this commission was not
to undertake anything itself, but only
was to consider the advisability of
taking some action, it now appears
that the matter will probably be
dropped, Mr. Smith stating today that
he would not push this suggestion.
There has been a great deal of rtlr
over the situation at Clemson, and
it Is deemed best to let things rest
for awhile. Of course, there may be
some unexpected legislation effected,
but at this time the wish of members
of the Legislature appears to be "Let
Clemson alone." Matters appear to
have been straightened out accord?
ing to . some members of the Legisla?
Incidentally, the coming Legisla?
ture may not have any new matters
to tackle that are not now on the
Calendar except possibly the whiskey
question. A compulsory education
bill Is In line, and maybe some tax
r. form may be advocated.
Bread-11 unger I in pro liable.
If, C? Tiffany, managing editor of
the Northwestern Milh r. writes in the
Current number of the Review of Re
I that while the days of cheap
wheat may not return, there can be
n i question that the production this
rear win he adequate to supply the
world's demand fOf Hour. He also
?aye, ??when we eonalder that the vir?
gin land available for wheat growing
far oigcsds the area now under crop,
the uncounted aerei amenable to dry
farming, the enormous increase in
yield which can be added through ro?
tation of crops and other improved
methods of farming, and the poten?
tiality Of better Seed, We ha\e no fear,
although consumption may at times
press hard ??n production, that bread
hunger will for any considerable pe?
riod threaten the world for generations
to come.'* Mr. Tiffany looks for great?
ly increased supplies from western
Canada where there is a vast empire
extending west from Winnipeg 1,000
miles, and northward 800 miles. Blue
lit ui and fife. spring wheats. are
.Town almost exclusively in that part
Of I 'a tiada.
The Southern Power Company Is
buying w ater power on Planing Creek
and the Catawbs rivet In Chester
County for the purpoee of building
another big power plant.
look FOR SURPRISE.
Senatlonal Evidence To Appear. Dur?
ing Dispensary Trials?Other Ar?
c-its Arc Scheduled.
Columbia, Bepl is.?The evidence
.vliich will he brought out iu the
forthcoming dltpenaary graft trials
next week will be of a startling na?
ture. The surprise will not come so
much from the fact that there has
been corruption In the management of
the old state dispensary; but it will
he the boldness and carel ssncss of
the Slate's truste 1 agents and the
whiskey men. the later so used to
deals of this hind and who would nat?
urally be thought to do their work
better that will he the ba^is of the
unexpected in the trials of these
Of course, the prosecution is guard?
ing its case jealously, and only an
outline can be glimpsed by the best
positioned observers, but enough is
known to make the prediction safe
that in several of the trials at least
very strong cases will be made out,
and It will not be surprising If there
are several convictions. And there
are also indications that several of
those under indictment are doing a
'ot of quaking, where, up to recently,
they did a lot of laughing,
And the feeling in Columbia as to
the probability of convictions is be?
ginning decidedly to change. For
-;ome reason the feeling appears to
have prevailed here and elsewhere
over the State that the trials would
amount to very little so far as tangi?
ble results are concerned, and it has
been freely predicted that there
would not be a conviction in any of
The State will push the prosecution
as rapidly as possible, but not even
the attorney general's office hopes to
get a trial of all of the cases.
Now it is practically promised that
the men under indictment will have
no monopoly in the business of being
defendants, and several other sensa?
tional arrests are expected, but these
will be delayed for several months
vet. The evidence in the trials about
to take place will doubtless make
guessing as to who these gentlemen
will be easier. In this connection it
is pointed out that a certain shining
nark lor prosecution has been mak
ng frequent trips to Atlanta during
the past several weeks, which dr?
um -tance fits in with other facts
pointing to his giving aid to the
prosecution. The reason why some
three or four men have not been in?
dicted will likely be revealed a little
later. ?Greenville News.
. ?:; Wanted at Grant! tevllle Arrest?
Chattanooga, Tenn., Sept. 20.?W. j
M. Burnette, formerly teller of the
Bank of Granltevllle, S. C, was ar?
rested here yesterday on a telegram
from Granltevllle stating that he was
wanted there for embezzlement. Bur
aette is in jail awaiting the arrival
of officers who will take him back to
The amount of the bank's funds
Involved Is reported to be $25,000.
Orphanage Work Day.
Attention Is called to the concert of
action among the orphan Institutions
of South Carolina with regard to a
special work day effort Saturday Sept.
25, next. Thornwell Orphanage, Con?
nie Maxwell Orphanage and Epworth
Orphanage have definitely planned
for the success of the day and are
circulating literature upon the sub?
ject. We presume that every orphan
institution, of whatever size or under
whatsoever auspices, will be glad to
have its friends remember it on this
The plan is simple enough. let
e\ery boy and girl, every man and
woman, young and old, devoid the
income of the day to the Orphanage
of his choice. Some of the children
may pick cotton, others may gather
ip old iron and sell it, some will do
odd jobs, others will devote their sal?
ary or wages of the day to the care
?f the orphans.
Coining down to the plain truth, is
there any cause that warms the
cockles of the heart like the plea for
the fatherless? Let the people join
in the work day effort Sept. 25. and
roll up a big amount for the orphans,
end forward the same to such insti?
tution as each may select.?Baptist
'Men may come, and men may go,"
The .Mutual Life Insurance CO.
I loss oa forever.
For sixty-s?v years The Mutual Lifo
Insurance Co. has met every obliga?
tion promptly and satisfactorily.
Do not delay?now is the time to
I. >i. LORYEA, Special Agent.
Clarendon and Sumtcr Counties.
Tin: MUTUAL LIFE ins. CO.
of New York,
Manning, S. C.
.1. E. McFaddln, s. I. tin,
Agt. Sardinia. Agt. Manning.
Tuberculosis spread Through Infected
Mr. Xatlian Straus, of Xt'W York, j
widely known in the United States for
his philanthropic work In the metro?
polis, made an Informing address s
few days ago before the International
Medical Congress at Budapest. His
subject was the increase of tubercu?
losis In New York, and he held thn*
this disease cannot be held In check
"unless we go back to the proven
source of much human tuberculosis."
"Wc must not." he declared, "stop at
protecting the healthy from human
infection, but we must save the well
from the infection that may lurk un- i
suspected in raw milk."
Mr. Straus maintains that the num- 1
ber of new cases of tuberculosis is in?
creasing in New York in spite of bet?
ter housing and working conditions.
Since 1902 the population of that city
has increased 26 per cent., while, ac?
cording to the New York philanthrop?
ist, the spread of tuberculosis has ad?
ded 14 4,172 persons to the army of
consumptives within the last eight
years. The skill of physicians In treat?
ing tuberculosis has reduced the death
rate from that disease from 2.42 per
1.000 in 1902 to 2.29 per 1.000 in
190S, but the figures presented by
Mr. Straus show that "the number of
deaths from tuberculosis In propor?
tion to the total number of deaths
from all causes has Increased from
13.04 per cent. In 1302 to 13.90 per
cent, in 1908."
Mr. tSraus' suggestion that Infected
milk is largely the cause of the alarm?
ing Increase in the number of new
cases of tuberculosis in New York
ought to command serious considera?
tion on the part of the health author?
ities and medical scientists of that
city. If his conclusions are warranted
by the facts, New York Is fighting an
unequal battle against the great white
plague. The city Is sparing no
effort to protect the healthy from hu?
man infection, but it does not. it ap?
pears, take adequate precautions
against the spread of tuberculosis
through infected milk. Mr. Straus'
statements furnish food for serious re?
flection not only In New York but to
nil other American cities. The danger
to the health of the public from the
use of infected milk ought to be thor?
oughly investigated, and the proper
safeguards should be provided by mu?
nicipal authorities wherever the peril
TEACH ER8 EX AM I N ATION.
The next regular teachers' examin?
ation will be held at the Court House
on Friday, Oct. 1, beginning at 9
o'clock a. m.
S. D. CAIN,
County Supt. Education.
9-18-23-30; W. 22-25-29.
A company is being organized for
the purpose of developing water pow?
er on the Edisto 'river.
A COMMON ERROR.
The Same Mistake Is Made by Many
Su niter People.
It's a common error
To plaster the aching back,
To rub with liniments rheumatic
When the trouble comes from the
Doan's Kidney Pills cure all kid?
And are endorsed by Sumter citi?
S. C. Brown, 12 Canal St., Sumter,
S. C.i says: "I used Doan's Kidney
Pills and they did me more good than
all the other remedies I had previous?
ly tried. I suffered severely from a
lame back and some days was not
able to work on this account. It hurt
me to stoop or lift, I could not rest
well and no position J assumed was
comfortable. In the morning upon
arising, my back was so lame that I
could hardly get about. The kidney
secretions also contained a dark sedi?
ment and were too frequent In pas?
sage. I finally procured Doan's Kid?
ney Pills at China's drug store and
they cured me. I have not had a
lame back since and the secretions
from my kidneys do not annoy me.
11 am In good health at present and
i give Doan's Kidney Pills the credit.'
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Mtlburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name?Doan's?and
take no other. No. 1 I.
BALANCE OF NATURE.
Destruction of Certain Animals soon
It seems that the groundhog is un
<]< r the ban in Illinois. A bounty has
been put uopn the head of the ani?
mal that on Chandlemas Day each
year tells whether winter is to paator
to linger. Colonel Watterson of the
Louisville Courier-Journal comes to
the defense of the groundhog. He
bespeaks consideration for it in the
name of humanity.
The groundhog of Illinois and the
west generally, is the woodehuck of
the eastern States. It is charged
against him that in digging his home
he throws gravel up over the surface
? i the ground to an extent that in?
jures the farmers' prospects of rais?
ing crops. The groundhog is also ac
used of being a prowler in the veg?
etable garden, and it is said that the
?arly cabbage that should go to the
farmer's table is sacrificed to the ap?
petite of the unbilden guest in the
We hold no brief for the ground?
hog, but it is pretty well known that
nature keeps the balance of things
even. Not many years ago the Penn?
sylvania legislature passed a law giv?
ing a bounty to every man who killed
a hawk. The thought of the legisla?
tors was that if the hawks were killed
the poultry industry of the State
would thrive three-fold. The price
put on the head of the red shoulder?
ed, the red tailed and the broad wing
(d hawks resulted in a thinning of
the ranks of the predatory bird fam
ily and in the depletion of the treas?
uries of most of the counties of the
j Keystone State.
After Pennsylvania had spent
$")0,000 in payment for hawk scalps
the farmers of the State suddenly
faund out that the rats and the squir
reis were eating up their crops un?
checked. They tried to stem the tide
of destruction, but failed, and c then
they called on the lawmakers U>
make life possible again for the
hawks. The red shouldered, the red
ailed and the broad winged birds
had lived mainly on the animals that
wt re preying on the crops of the
agriculturist The farmer found it
a little late, but found it out in time
to save the hawk family in Pennsyl?
vania fom extinction.
Out In Kansas a few years ago the
Western red tailed hawk was abun?
dant. About once every six months
the red tail would pick up a chicken
and the act aroused the owner of the
chicken to anger. The lawmakers of
Kansas declared the re* tail an out?
law and put a price on his head.
There were so many red tailed hawks
killed that the count was lost. Coin
cident with the killing of the birds
the plague of prairie dogs increased
and menaced the very mear^ of live?
lihood of the majoity of thr Kansas
dwellers. They called on the biologi?
cal survey of Washington to help
them out of their trouble. The scien?
tists sent this prescription: "Repeal
the law placing a bounty on hawks.'*
This was done, and since that time
nature has kept the balance even.
All this perhaps has comparatively
little to do with the groundhog of Il?
linois, but it may be said that the leg?
islators who would pass laws intend?
ed to interfere with the workings of
Mother Nature are taking great
chances. Confessedly it is not known
just what place the groundhog or the
! woodehuck, as you will, holds ?n na
1 ture's system of economy, but that it
holds a place is well assured. It is
more than possible that the propa?
ganda for the preservation of the
natural resources of the country in?
cludes the groundhog.
Bud Duncan, of Williamston, was
struck in the head by a brick thrown
by Frank Young and seriously woun?
ded. He was taken to the hospital at
W ? ENDEAVOR to advance the
business interests of our customers in
every legitimate way. In so doing,
our motives may be somewhat tinc?
tured with selfishness, lor, upon the
prosperity of its patrons hinges the
success of every bank.
First Nationl Bank, sumter, i c.
The Farmers' Bank & Trust Go.
Satisfaction with one's efforts puts the breaks on progress.
There is a future ahead of the fellow who is sorry when the
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Company is continually reaching
out for new business, and is getting it. If you are not a patron
we invite you to become one*
C. G. ROWLAND, Pres. R. L EDMUNDS, Cashier. GUY L. WARREN, Teller,
A. S. MERRIMAN, Bookkeeper. H. L McCOY, Asst. Bookkeeper.
Appier and Red Rust Proof.
Smooth snd Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
-Grain Pasture Mixture
Composed of Winter Turf Oats, W'heat, Rye, Barley
and Vetch. The best winter Horse, Cow and Hog
Pasture you can possibly plant. :: :: ::
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAN. 1910.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
SUMTER, S C.
"?A7 E can supply you with BAGGING and TIKS.
? ? Call and get our prices before you buy.
We know that we can save you money on these articlesj^ besides |?tvtng you
goods that have quality.
Don't forget us when you are 'ready to purchase.
A- Aa Strands ? Co..
25 NORTH MAIN STREET.
Sumter, - . South Carolina