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CX?IV ' NT ON FARNVM VERDICT
U'Jhat .lie Two Leading Papers of.
H i '?tollna Have to Kay.
\ ? lumpt i for Debauchery.
-four hours before the
Hlc. county Jury found James S.
Far mi n of Charleston guiltless of
i n n attorney for Farnum sol
emu i sured those twelve men that
% verdict of "not guilty" would be
Indorsed >y the people of South Car?
olina. Members of that Jury may not
be eusceptlble to public opinion; be*
cause of the station and environment
of the large majority of that Jurv a
State wirf? storm of censure and a
harrt cane of denunciation from all
the elements of shocked righteous?
ness may be impotent to affect them,
because unheard. But If they have
regard for enlightened public opinion,
the excoriation, the contempt, the rid?
icule, the sneers, the gibes and wrath,
that will bo heaped upon them and
mpon Richlind county by an indig?
nant people, loving good government,
will shook them Into a consciousness
that their act of exonerating Farnum
la not Indorsed by appreciable ele?
ments of Intelligence or virtue.
8h ro of verbiage, the State of
South Carolina, Indicting James S.
Farnum for bribery, proved that Far?
num was president of the Consumers'
Beer Bottling Company of Charles?
ton, and the representative In this
State of the Anheuser Busch Com?
pany, and a string of liquor com?
The State proved that Joseph B.
Wylle was sleeted a member of the
dispensary board of directors in 1906;
that ha was approached or "sounded"
try Farnum before his election; that
after his election. Director Wylle and
Farnum entered into an agreement by
'Which Wylle was to secure orders
from the board for liquors sold by
Farn urn's houses, and that Farnum
'was to pay him so much per case or
'9%* Commonwealth proved that
Farnum's beer and liquor housee got
targe orders from the dispensary
board of directors.
The State of South Carolina proved
that during eleven months Director
Wylle received from Farnum and
others, similarly dealt with, more
than twenty-eight thousand dollars.
TV h^tf cf StarUs Cr.rolir.a jrr.-td
that Wylle received from Farnum at
time a draft lor $1.126; that
fWtmfi was, by Wyllo's request, made
payrftAo to Henry Samuels, now may
? or C (Theater, a friend of Wylle's und
;a business agent Of Farnum's; that
said draft was given to Ssmuele by
Wyhv *e be cashed ; that Samuele
Tgesu? Wylle $1.125 In money. $1.120
^*f which was Immediately deposited
by Wylte to hie credit In a Chester
TVc State proved that James S.
Farn not. president of a bottling com?
pany and liquor agent, personally at?
tended all the sessions of the dlspen
All the foregoing was proved by
the uncont. adle ted testimony of the
former director, Jotieph B. Wylle.
In corroborating the State proved
try Henry Samuels that he was In Co
lami-la with Wylle about the time of
vas dsto of said draft for $1.125; that
ha returned to Chester with Wylle;
thai Wylle gave him the draft and
asked him to cash it; that he had
cashed other drafts for Wylle; that
the following Monday (that being
PHftay) he handed Wylle the cash?
la farther corroboration, the State
of I out a Carolina proved by Robert
Oasra. cashier of the Commercial
Bank of Chesttr. that he had, upon
the date specified, cashed a draft for
11,12 5 drawn" upon the Consumers'
Beet Bottling Company of Charleston,
and payable to Henry Samuels; that
amid Cashier Qage marked with red
Ink a $100 bill before giving it to
BaniuelM, that Joieph B. Wylle later
brought $1,120 to the Commercial
Bank of Cheater for deposit, and that
the $100 bill, marked by Cashier
Qa/,e. wan included in that deposit.
Jn further corroboration the State
e>f Sosth Carolina proved by bank
officials the passage of that draft
through Columbia, and Its payment
la Charleston by the Consumers' Beer
Bottling Company, of which James
8. Farnum is president.
To the best of our understanding,
the rnma-examlnatlon did not shake
the Commonwealth's case at a single
point, nor was claim to that effect
snsde by the defense.
The defense offered no denial of a
single allegation by the prosecution.
Neither Farnum nor any witness In
bis t?half took the stand. No ex
paanal.i n wus offered of that $1,125
draft. N > explanation was offered of
why drafts for large sums intended
for an executive officer of the Stste
worn han-led fo that officer, but made
pevyable to a third party. No effect
?wan made to prove a legitimate trans?
action, or to disprove the charge of
bribery, supported by the most direct
and poultIve evidence.
When ihe Indictment was for brib?
ery, and when the evidence was the
o*sBiiachrry ot a public official and
Bsaylng through him. for his private
sjsaha. a tremendously lucrative busl
sjssav to the exclusion of all honest
competition, James S. Farnum, re?
ported to have made from a million
to a million and a half dollars out of
transactions with the South Carolina
dispensary, sat dumh. His only
spokesmen were unsworn attorneys
and special pleaders whom his limit
lens thousands secured from Charles?
ton, Anderson and Columbia.
And a Richland county Jury, sworn
to find according to the law and the
evidence, after one ballot writes a
verdict of "not guilty!"?The State.
The First of the Graft Cases.
James S. Farnum was tried in the
Court of General Sessions at Colum?
bia last week. His trial began on
Tuesday and ended on Saturday. He
was represented by able counsel and
his prosecution was conducted by the
Attorney General of the State, assist?
ed by a number of eminent lawyers.
He was charged with bribery, using
money for the purpose of corrupting
the officers of the State engaged in
tre management of the State Dispen?
sary* His counsel moved for a con?
tinuance of the case on the ground
that he had not been given sufficient
time in which to perfect his defense.
This motion was denied by the pre?
siding Judge and several other mo?
tions, which appeared to the outside
layman to be of a purely dilatory
character, were also denied by the
Judge, and the case was brought to
trial. The selection of the jury con?
sumed eighteen minutes, the State ex?
ercising the right of only three chal?
lenges and the defense a like number.
The first witness was called on Wed?
nesday and the last on Thursday. The
defense did not put up a single wit?
ness. The counsel made their argu?
ments to the Jury on Friday. Judge
Memmlnger charged the Jury on Sat?
urday, and six hours later the jury re?
turned a verdict of "not guilty."
The charge against Farnum was
that he had bribed J. B. Wylie, one of
the members of the old Dispensary
toard of control, by paying him the
sum of $1,126 for obtaining for him
the sale of certain liquors bought bv
the board of control for sale in the
dispensaries. This money was paid
through the hands of Henry Samuels,
at the time engaged in the business
of placing orders with the Dispensary
he bad never made any restitution to
poople, and now filling the office of
mayor of the city of Chester. Wy'.ie
testified that he got the money and it
wis proved that on or about the time
ol this Uansaclon a draft given by
Farnum for the identical amount re?
ceived by Wylie was cashed at a bank
ir Chester. Wylie further testified
that during the year 1906 he received
a out $30 .ooo for like services, and
ha had been advised by his personal
counsel to tell the whole truth, and
that he would not he criminally
prosecuted. He testified that he had
lost a lar|;e part of the money he had
been paid for his "influence" In se
cjrlng orders for his friends, but that
the State. Wylle's statements were
corroborated by Samuels and it was
.nalnly upon their testimony that the
State asked for the conviction of Far?
In his charge, which was particu?
larly fair and impartial, Judge Mem
nlnger told the Jury that it was not
safe to convict upon the testimony of
an accomplice without corroboratlon,
nnd that " a mere present to an al?
leged official given without a prioi
corrupt promise, understanding or
(greement will not suffice to constitue
common law bribery." The jury found
'"arnum not guilty. According to tlu
cwspapt r reports the jury stood im?
mediately upon retiring to their room
oleven for acquittal and after delib?
erating for six hours the twelfth man
'vas converted to the view of the ma?
jority. The jury was composed en
Irely of men of the vicinage. They
rad no personal interest in Far::ur*
ind were influenced doubtless solely
by a desire to do the fair thing.
The other cases will go to trial and
:oo much cannot be said in praise of
the Attorney General for his persis?
tent pursuit of the grafters who fat?
tened upon the dispensary and
brought the State into the contempt ot
the world. It Is hoped that he will
not lose heart because of the failure
of his first effort to convict.?News &,
The best way to handle a man is to
mnke him have a good opinion of
himself; the best way to make him
have a good opinion of himself is to
tell him he hasn't.
To watch the corn grow, or the
blossem* set; to draw hard breath
<?ver plowshnre or spade, to read, to
think, to love, to pray?there are the
things that make men happy. ?John
A girl doesn't enjoy horseback rid?
ing unless she thinks her figure looki
good in a riding habit.
For Infant* and Children.
1st Kind You Han Always ?ongM
COOK kmu* hm.
REPLIES TO SOME OF THE LAT
nrooklyn Man Talks About Sledge*
Used by Him, His Reason for Leav?
ing His Instruments and Records
with Whitney, and Other Matters.
New York, Sept. 27.?Dr. Cook
consented tonight to give the Associat?
ed Press a formal reply to some of
the most material of the charges
brought against him by Commander
Peary. A more complete declaration
will be issued by the explorer when
Commander Peary makes his accusa?
tions over his own signature. The
statement is as follows:
"Commander Peary says that m>
sledgeB were not fitted to Arctic trav?
el, and that he would not care to
voyage in the Arctic with them. The
only sledge Commander Peary saw
half a one, which I had given to Mr.
Whitney as a souvenir. The remaind?
er of it had been used to make bows
"As to my reasons for leaving my
instruments with Mr. Whitney, he
had told me that the Erie was com?
ing to Etah and would take him over
to the American sides to hunt big
game, and would come back later to
Annatok. The distance from Annatok
to Jpernavik by the route by which I
was compelled to follow was nearly
700 miles. In that journey I had to
travel over high land in two places,
with glaciers and difficult places to
negotiate. The ice was extremely
rough and there was a good deal of
water to be expected that would have
subjected the instruments to a risk
which was entirely unnecessary when
Mr. Whitney awaited a ship to go to
Etah for him, upon which he expect?
ed to return direct to America.
"By going to Upernavik I hoped to
get back by the end of July or the
middle of August. I wanted to see
my family as soon as possible, as I
had been separated from them for
over two years, while Mr. Whitney
did not expect to get back before Oc?
"As to the charge that I had not
found traces of Commander Peary's
records at Cape Thomas Hubbard.
We did not search for any cairn
whero records might be deposited. In
fact, I did not know that Commander
Peary had left any record there.
"Considerably to the west I did see
a rock which might have been a
cache, but it might have been merely
a clump of rocks. I was at a very
long distance from it, but there was
no reason why I should have search?
ed. I left a cache of provisions close
to the beginning of the cliffs of what
Sverdrup puts down as Svartevoeg.
There was no indication near where
we left ?'tr provisions.
"The other points of the so-called
charges have been replied to in detail
m several occasions. I will answer
everything in the most formal way
when Commander Peary prints or
makes public his other points. My re?
ply will then be given out ?s a writ?
Dr. Cook lectured tonight at Carne?
gie Hall under the auspices of the
Arctic Club of America.
From the Winnsboro News and
Herald we learn that the Commorcm'
Club, of Winnsbcro, had raised a
fund?of $1,200 to be expended in the
mployment of a civil engineer to be
placed at the disposal of the county
commissioners of Fairfkld county, for
the purpose of properly laying out
and grading and re-locating the pub?
lic highways in Falrfleld county be?
fore any work of a permanent nature
? done upon them. This is a move in
the right dtr?3t!OU. There ?s no
doubt that a great deal of money is
being wasted in all the counties of
this .State, not only in the expense of
of chaingangs, but in the work that
is attempted by the work of the road
hands in an effort to improve the
public roads.?Newberry Herald and
Rev. A. Y. Cupp, of Adams coun?
ty, is believed to hold the record in
Iowa for the number of couples
whom he has united In the holy
bonds of matrimony. In all he has
officiated at the marriage of 559
"Men may come, and men may go,"
The Mutual Lifo Insurance Co.
does on forever.
For sixty-six years The Mutual Life
Insurance Co. has met every obliga?
tion promptly and satisfactorily.
Do not delay?now is the time to
I. M. LORYEA, Special Agent,
Clarendon and Sumter Counties,
THE MUTUAL LIFE INS. CO.
of New York,
Manning, S. C.
J. E. MoFuddln, S. I. Till,
Agt. Sardinia. Agt. Manning.
BLACK CASK BEGINS.
r.x-BLspensury Director to l>e Tried
Tor Alleged Acceptance of a Bribe.
Columbus, Sept. 28.?The official 1
announcement was made today that
John Black would be trie.l tomorrow
under an Indictment Chat ging him
with accepting a bribe. Attornney
General Lyon, after a conf erence with
attorneys representing the State, an?
nounced that the case would positive?
ly be called tomorrow. Messrs. ALpcv
and Stevenson were present at the
Mr. J. B. Wylie, who gave sensa?
tional testimony at the trial of James
S. Faraum, was In the eky today and
was in conference with attorneys.
There were a number of other per?
sons here who have had more or less
connection with the dispensary mat?
The charge against John Black,
formerly member of the State dispen?
sary board of directors, is Just the re?
verse of that under which Farnum
was tried and acquitted. The State
official is the one who is now to face
a jury, and is charged with receiving
favors to influence his vote as a mem?
ber of the board. John T. Earley,
who represented the Fleischmann
concern in this State in the days of
the old State dispensary, is named in
the indictment as the man who paid
the $2,500 alleged to have been re?
ceived by Mr. Black In the transac?
tion, because of which he is to be
tried as set out in the indictment.
It will be recalled by those who
kept up with the dispensary commis?
sion proceedings that one of the firms
through its officers admitted in affi?
davits which were read at the last
session of the commission Jiat cer?
tain amounts were paid in this State
to secure business. These affidavit,
however, did not give the names of
those to whom the alleged rebates
were given. It was upon this Fleisch?
mann claim, the largest that was out?
standing against the State, that the
affidavit was called into play. Some
matters that came up at the recent
trial were also touched upon during
the dispensary commission's investi?
Neither side will gain anything so
far as the legal side of the matter is
concerned from the first trial last
week. The testimony of all witnesses
was only as to the transactions in- 1
volved In the case on trial, and was
not allowed to extend to any other
persons. Although Mr. Black was a
member of the board at the same
time that Mr. Wylle was, nothing Tfcas
said in the trial of Mr. Farnum as
to Mr. Black's actions. The specific
charge named in the indictment was
clung to throughout the trial.
It Is not definitely known whether
or not Mr. Wylie will take the stand
In the Black case, but it can safely be
stated that even If he does he will not
be the star witness for the State.
The case will be called some time
tomorrow, probably in the forenoon.
Ever notice how easy it is to roll off
a pay roll?
Taken in Exchange for
We have on hand s?veral
second-hand pianos, taken in
exchange, which have been
thoroughly overhauled, tuned
and reflnished, which may be
bought at a low price. These,
in many cases, are serviceable
instruments. Drop in and look
at the lot, If you don't care to
buy a new one. You may find
just what you want.
2 Ivers & Pond upright
1 Stlef! square excellent
1 Grovesteen & Fuller
These pianos are only guar?
anteed as to condition.
Chas. M. Stieff
Manufacturer of the
Artistic Stieff, Shaw and
stieff Self-Player Pianos.
Baltimore, - Md.
5 West Trade St.
(BlARLOTnD, - - N. C.
C. H. Wilnioth,
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
s iraila l ?KJ tie Rxxf and Regula
ting lite SttNfti andJBoweteof
ness and RestJCnn tolas nrttlw
For Infanta ar d ^hiMren.
The Kind Yea Have*
CtlX&J .f/JgT ?
Aperfect Remedy for Consflp*
tion, Sour StomadhDlarrta
ness and Lo ss OF SLEEP.
FacSinilc Signarure of
Atb months old
j5 Doses-35 ch nts
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
tmb a?n mmmPMty. new tom oitt.
Birme's Drug Store,
6 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES. PATENT MEDIC it Ef
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PORE AND RELIABLE 600DS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
survey our STOCK
of superior building material and yo
Will he convinced that you can't fln<'
Vetter quality or a more compl,
stock than you will at our yard,
have anything you may need in a
kinds of sash, doors, blinds, mould
ings, rough and dressed lumber.
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Facty^
J. W. McKeiver.
Seed Oats, j Seed Wheat
Apiiler and Red Rust Proof, j Smooth and Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
Grain Pasture Mixture
Compete .?f Winter Turf Oats. Wheat, Rye, Barley
The best winter Horse, Cow and Hog
Pasture you can possibly plant. :: :: j;
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAN. 1910.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
??i The Farmers' Bank & Trust Go. "aL
What- -?- ? to Say
Satisfaction with one's efforts put the brakes on progress.
There is a future ahead of the fellow who is sorry when the
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Company is continually reaching
out for new business, and is getting it. If you are not a patron
we. Invite you to become one*
C. G. ROWLAND, Pre*. R L EDMUNDS. Ceshler. GUY L. WARREN, Teller,
A, 8, MERRIMAN, Bookkeeper H. L McCOY, Asst. Bookkeeper.