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Wf i .tlT riilF.S IN NKW YOKK.
WAlmr Wright end Glenn Curtis*
f\ 'liif^ve Knccc***, While Baldwin
Ami ttNuliiiMiM Fall at Start.
ti.'w York. Sept. 29.?Wilbur
Wm;ht c.m?d the great Statue of
Ul?e? ty tit t..e entrance of New York
hart? H m hi* aeroplane today, while
In the upper part of the city two
hege dirigible balloons failed Inglor
loasiv is their task. This?the first
day of (light of the Hudaon-Fulton
celebration?was a victory for the
ivlei than elf machines.
Beth Wright and Glenn H. Curtlss
fcred aucceasfully from the aero
dropi ? of Governor's Island in their
mot n pr ?pelled biplanes; both great
riirtgtbl ?s. manned, respectively, by
Capt Thosaas Baldwin and George L.
Tomliri^n. entered In the New York
WorlJ'* $10.000 New York-to-Albany
race were forced to deacend because
of morhstii?<t difficulties before they
were well under Way.
Wtlimr Wright made three sensa?
tion 11 d^ghu and Curtlss made one
brief th lugh successful test spin of
,10 eex mds doritlon. Baldwin with
his diiigHiie landed in the Hudson
river I ?>* than an hour after the
start, while Tomlinson. after remain?
ing In (he air from 11:30 a. m. until
t> ?ii . came to earth near White
Plain*. M. Y. 22 miles from the Start
Ina point Neither of the dlrglble pi?
lot* w.u. injured, nor was either craft
COTTON WEIGHING ISSUE.
Ooevrtitntioauitltir of .-Wet Brought Into
Oo-arte la Columbia.
.Columbia. Sept. 30.?The constitu?
tionality of the statute enacted Feb?
ruary ff?, tv09, requiring all wagon
or street cotton sold In the city of
Colombia, to be weighed by one of
the euMic weighers on the public
platform is to be tested In the higher
court;. Th ? initial move to this end
was the srre.it of Mr. J. D. Blakely. a
well known buyer, and his being
brought before Magistrate Fowles to
answer e*er violation of the statute.
The r*eu 'ally for such violation pre?
scribe t in a (Une not to exceed $60 or
ImpriirMiment not to exceed 10 days
for ea- ?? offeone. a nominal sentence
was im41Med. that the defendant
shoub p.ie a aae of >r# or serve one
Mr. .la Berry Lyles represented the
denef ^ol in this case, and at the
cond?,i m of the hearing, he gave
notide of appeal.
Xh? v.arrant on which the cas> was
brought before the magistrate was
?worn etoi by afr. J. C. Turner, rep
fiaoattwn the Farmers Union. The
wnrraot charges that on September
1. IMS. Mr. BUi ety bought two bales
of cotton from Mr. J. T. Harmon, the
eottoa not having been weighed on
the public platform as required by
the statute. Mr Turner testified to
harfcig witnessed the purchase of the
cotton b? hfr. Blakely. and that It
was net weighed at the platform pro?
vided under the law.
. Mr Blakely pleaded not guilty,
setting ui? the defense that tho act
In e}SJtotlon srss unconstitutional. Ho
did aot sinke denial of the occurrence
of the fcaesaction as alleged in the
It tree hrought out In the hearing
that an ?ther buyer, Mr A. M. Wyse
was ereyeejed In the business of buy?
ing entten Just outside the city boun
dai i IIa 'u, and the defendant's at?
torney, f.'e Lyles. that the act is
dUccii'i ? ?ting against the corporate
limit* ai ehe rity in favor of thos ?
who gu tust outxide the boundary to
buy Al..(i. it ?.?.4 Insisted that the
law i. ?iiibiguou, in that it fails to
epeei? ?tiiy stipulate lha( the cotton
muct be w.'igh d by the public
weigher befor,- tbe sale takes place.
I>r W. 0f. Bay appeared In behalf
of tbe I aimers' tin Ion. He said that
the ptiipi-te of this trial was not t?<
pani*h any one. and that there was
no rsn oi in bringing the action, but
that b ?in the buyers and the farmers
end off) i?t>. desire to ascertain the
corm?i i i uii stitus of the statute
aaade ty gorern tbe sale and purchase
Of wsgiif* cotton in Columbia.
???ightrul l'sie Averte?!.
?"I * ?n$d have been a cripple for
life ?i ??n a terrible cut on my knee
cap." writes Fi .ink I?isberry. Kelli
her, gfftna "without liuoklen'a Arni?
ca Sslx ! which seen cured m?\" in?
fallible i 4i nenn de cuts and braises.
It aeo ? 'eres Burns. Scalds, Old
Bono, r ?<i. Skm Brnnttosal World's
peat lei Met lie at sibert s brag
Now l.i. : f 5? y I if when
the iu ? . k? f ajaratulati hlnv
?elf tii i aehedi m seen lag home to
i?k? ?v > tb.il he spill Ink on the par?
lor cni s??*l, broke the l>est coffee pot
and lag! ibe windows open for the
rail, t ? iuin |hs < urtaine.?From "Ite
:t?aa? sf a Bachelor Girt."
Foe infanta and Children,
111 KM Yn Rut Always fj?gM
Commissioner Watson's Report on
Apropos of the statements made by
Mr. E. A. Jenkins In his interview
with a representative of The State,
in his fifth annual report Commis?
sioner E. J. Watson says in relation
to the river crossings, with special
reference to the Garner's Ferry
crossing, after making a thorough in?
"That the swamp conditions on the
Sumter side of Garner's Ferry are
such as to necessitate the construc?
tion of a long stretch of causeway,
which would probably prove costly,
but not too costly for the benefits to
"That the investigation of all con?
ditions, agricultural and otherwise,
lends invariably to the conclusion
that the opening of these arteries of
travel is of greatest importance, that
immense benefit would accrue by rea?
son of such public highway connec?
tions, reducing travel distances in
many instances 40 miles and more,
between Columbia and east Carolina
points, and that steps should be taken
to establish these connections with
the least possible delay.
"That in the case of Sumter the
greater burden of construction would
fall on that county; that each county,
In each case receiving equal benefits,
I would recommend that, if the pow?
er not now be given by law, such leg?
islation be enacted as will enable
these counties, upon petitions of free?
holders, to undertake the establish?
ment of ferries . . . the expense of
construction and maintenance to be
borne equally ... by Richland and
i "A conservative estimate of the cost
of the ferry, including flat boat and
complete installation by the drop ca?
ble system (avoiding interference with
navigation), telephone service and
weather houses is $1,600. The cost of
maintenance would probably be $40
1 per month, which would amount to
$480 per annum.
"The construction of the causeways
leading to the old Garner's Ferry has
been estimated by a construction en?
gineer who has examined the old em?
bankment, to cost not exceeding $250
per mile, Including such wooden
bridges as would be necessary to span
gaps. This estimate would entail,
I therefore, a cost on the Sumter side
side of $1,200
"Garner's Ferry, which is almost
due east from Columbia, on a direct
line to Eumter and thence to all prin?
cipal points In Lee, Clarendon, Dar?
lington and Florence couties, is prob
ably the most needed of all the pro
I posed public highway lines of trans
| portatlon. . . In order to go by ve?
hicle fiom Columbia to Sumter and
Clarendon points, at present one must
traverse from 40 to 60 miles more
than would be necessary should either
of these ferries (Garner's and the old
Singleton) be opened.
"On the Richland side, about one
and a half miles approach would have
to be reconstructed, but this could be
done by the county chaingang. A
splendid public road leads to within a
distance of two miles of this ap?
proach. On the Sumter side, four and
one-half miles is through the Wa
teree swamp. The old causeway Is
there, but there are several gaps that
have been washed from It. and It Is
grown up in a thick underbrush and
timber from long disuse. Once hav?
ing passed through the swamp, the
public road Into Sumter is in very
j good condition and could easily be
English ami American Officers,
j Boston Transcript.
j A lleut >nant. writing in a London
newspaper and treating of the status
Of officers says that the explanation j
of the shortage of officers and the
1 falling off of applications for admis?
sion to Sandhurst is found in the
' fact that the army as a profession
i "does not pay," bluntly speaking. It
! is not, to quote a British authority,
"a prosperous profession," if the
party is compared with the invest?
ment. The writer asks In what other
profession would he, a well-educated
man of 32, after an expenditure of
$10,000 capital and twelve years' ser?
vice or experience, be expected to be
contented with a "salary" of $2 a
day. Answer is not easy, and appar?
ently none is attempted beyond the
vague assurance of a minister that
the government hopes at some time
. to give the whole subject of officers'
I Th reference by this British sub?
altern to the expenditure of capital is
en light ning as to the difference ex?
isting between the method of officer
Ini the army In his country and In
ours. Not only do we pay officers a
wau-e calculated with some reference:
to the expenses which the service en
tin Is. but we pay young men to go
through the fours years' course nt
West Point. In Great Britain the
ixnotljf opposite policy is followed.
I The cadet at Sandhurst pays for the
Instruction he receives.
Many a woman considers marriage
? failure because she la unable to get
DEMOCRATS NAME GAYNOR.
Convention Names State Supremo
Court Justice for Mayor of Greater
New York, Sept. 30.?Justice Wil?
liam Jay Gaynor of the New York
State Supreme Court was tonight
nominated for mayor of Greater New
York by the Democratic city conven?
PEARODY' SCHOOL CHARTERED.
Directors of Million Dcllar College for
TeaelvTs Incorporate Institution to
Re Located at Nashville.
Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 30.?A char?
ter for the new George Peabody
School for Teachers, to be located in
Nashville, which recently received
the $1,000,000 endowment from the
George Peabody fund was granted by
the secretary of state here today.
Whllford R. Cole, Geo. N. Tillman.
E. A. Lindsay, all of Nashville; Bol
ton Smith, Memphis, and Edward T.
Sanford of Knoxvllle are the incorpo
rators, having been chosen by the
Peabody board as the first directorate
of the school. They elected 12 other
members already designated by the
Peabody board, to serve with them?
selves as trustees of the college.
EXPERT ON CLOVER.
Mr. A. G. Smith Gives Some Interest?
"People of South Carolina are only
making about one-seventh the
amount of crops on their farms as
are the northern farmers," said Mr.
A. G. Smith of the United States de?
partment of agriculture, office of
farm management, who was in Union
recently, when speaking to a Prog?
The thing for the Southern farm?
ers to begin to realize is that they
must grow more winter cover crops,
in other words must revolutionize or
at least evolutlonize their methods.
The winter cover crop which seems
to be most practical in this section
of the country is crimson clover.
Crimson clover is an especially val?
uable crop as it not only Is a winter
cover crop but it takes the nitrogen
from the air and puts it into the soil,
having the same effect on the land as
the cow pea. It works, however,
through the fall, winter and spring,
while the cow pea only works
through the summer. It also prevents
washing away of the top soil which
is very essential on the hill sides
of the country and the washing will
be reduced to practically a minimum
in the winter. Crimson clover also
absorbs a certain amount of the fer?
tilizer that the cotton or other plants
will not take up. A ton of crimson
clover turned under is equal to four
tons of barnyard manure, besides it
is a very veluable forage crop. A
ton of crimson clover will bring am?
monia into the soil vhlch one will
have to pay from seven to eight dol?
lars for in nitrate of soda.
Mr. Smith continuing said: Fif?
teen pounds of seed should be sown
per acre, about the latter part of Sep?
tember or first of October and unless
the land has grown crimson clover
successfully before It should be well
prepared and the soli from other
fields where crimson clover had been
sowed should be applied to the land
so as to inoculate it.
"The following directions will be
found to be a good guide for the man
who has not yet grown crimson clov?
er successfully heretofore, but If he
has grown crimson clover on the land
before, the land most probably is al?
ready inoculated and the using of
lime and the soil for inoculation will
not be necessary.
"Plow and thoruoghly pulverize
"Apply all barnyard manure possi?
ble up to ten loads per acre, disking
In immediately after spreading so as
to prevent drying.
"Apply per acre:
. "1,500 lbs. air slacked lime.
"125 lbs. acid phosphate or basic
"125 lbs. cotton seed meal.
"125 lbs. kalnit or 35 lbs. muriate
"Work the lime and fertilizer well
into the soil.
"Just before sowing the seed, ap?
ply some soil from a field where crim?
son clover has previously been suc?
cessfully grown, and work well into
the soil immediately after scattering."
Mr. Smith has an office in the State
House at Columbia and is spending
all his time In the State just now
making a specialty of helping the
farmers to grow crimson clover, burr
clover, red clover, alfalfa and vetch.
He will send any one directions for
planting any of these crops who asks
for them, telling where to secure the
seed, all the material necessary for
planting and each step In preparing
and fertilizing the land.?Union Prog?
?Foley's Honey and Tar clears the
air passages, stops the irritation in
the throat, soothes the inflamed
membranes, and the most obstinate
OOUgh disappears. Sore and Inllamed
lungs are healed and strengthened,
j and the cold Is expelled from the
I system. Refuse any but the genuine
I in the yellow package. Slbert's Drug
WEATHER AND PAIN.
In\estimations Show' a Close Connee
tlon Between Them.
The well known Inclination of
many patients to blame weather
changes for the appearance of pain
in connection with their maladies is
usually discounted a great deal by the
younger generation of physicians,
brought up on the modern views of
the pathogenesls of disease and Its
Not Infrequently, however, a phy?
sician himself, who has fallen prey to
such a disease as gout or rheumatism,
discovers some constant relation be?
tween any sudden Increase In his dis?
comfort and the changes in the
weather; he is then unpleasantly con?
verted to the belief that the clinical
observations of more experienced men,
as well as the statements of patients,
are found upon more tangible evi?
dence than imagination.
Writing in the Munchener Medh.ln
sche Wochenscrife, Lugwig Miller
communicates the results of a careful
study of this matter, carried out upon
a number of patients in the hospital
and In private practice. He has found
that many patients suffering from
chronic rheumatism could foretell
weather changes with almost the ex?
actness of a barometer; painful sen?
sations referable to the affected joints
were felt invariably two or three days
before the appavanco of bad weather,
whether wind or rain.
Several patients affected with scia?
tica and others suffering from arthri?
tis deformans could also trace all ex?
acerbations of pain in their cases to
the same cause. Most of them were
quite ignorant of the aim* of Miller's
investigations, reporting to him by
mail any sudden Increase in discom?
fort. In such cases a study of the
weather conditions showed the exist?
ence of an unmistakable relation be?
tween them and the symptoms com?
Just as evident was such relation in
cases of locomotor ataxia, in which
lightning pains appeared and disap?
peared with barometric changes. No
less an authority than Erb corrobor?
ated bu "h findings in the case of this
disease. Among other conditions that
made "walking barometers" of pa?
tients were hemlplegla, extensive
scars, amputation stumps, etc.
Miller considers one by one the
possible factors connected with
weather changes that may be held
responsible for the clinical phenom?
ena, among them changes in atmos?
pheric pressure, disturbances in elec?
trical conditions in the air, dampness,
etc. In no case, however, can any
single one of these be considered as
the sole cause of the appearance of an
exacerbation of pain in the class of
patients studied by him. However
that may be, the mere fact of such
relation betweeen the weather and
the subjective symptoms of disease
seems to be quite evident from his in?
Gave Him One Guess.
He was a fine type of the old Sou?
thern colonel, the fiery scion of a
race of cavaliers. Also, he was ex?
ceedingly wrathy. He had just re ?
celved a letter from a man, a low
sort of pushon, suh, I assuah you,"
which displeased him immensely,
and he was debating inwardly how
best to convey to his vulgar corres?
pondent an adequate expression of
his (the colonel's) opinion of him.
But his stenographer was a lady.
The colonel snorted, made two or
three false starts, and finally dictat?
"Sir: My stenographer, being a
lady, cannot transcribe what I think
of you. I. being a gentlemen, cannot
think it. But you, being neither, will
readily understand what I mean."
?Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has
become famous for its cures of
coughs, colds, croup and influenza.
Try it when in need. It contains no
harmful substance and always gives
prompt relief. Sold by W. W. Si
A decision of importance in relation
to the automobile industry was ren?
dered by Judge Hough in the United
j States Circuit Court at New York last
week. In this decision Judge Hough
held that several patent claims of
George B. Seiden were infringed by a
number of makers or sellers of auto?
mobiles. Much interst has been man?
ifested In the statement of Judge
Hough to the effect that if the de?
fendants infringed it was because the
complainants owned a patent so fund
amental and far-reaching as to cover
every modern car driven by any form
of petroleum vapor and as yet com?
mercially successful. A considerable
number of American manufacturers
will not, however, be adversely affect?
ed by the decision.
Both Boys Saved.
?Louis Boon, a leading merchant
of Norway, Mich., writes: "Three bot?
tles of Poley's Honey and Tar abso?
lutely cured my boy of a severe
cough, and a neighbor's boy, who was
so ill with a cold that the doctors
gave him up, was cured by taking
Foley's Honey and Tar." Nothing
else is as safe and certain in results.
Slbert's Drug Store.
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
- and has been made under his per?
sonal supervision since its infancy*
? J^ccAx^i Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ** Just-os-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA *
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil,
troric, Drops and Soothing Syrups* It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium* Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee* It destroys Worms
and always Feverishness* It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic* It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend*
GENUINE CASTORIA ?LWAY8
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Hare Always Bought *
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TMS ?KJVTAUR OOMMUtV. TT MUMMY STMKCT, NEW TON? Orr?.
Birimie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Stjmter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR MOTTO: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
SURVEY OCR S1X)CK
of superior building material and you
will be convinced tbat you can't flr.d
better quality or a more ^complete
stock than you will at our yard. We
have anything you may need in gttfe
kinds of sash, doors, blinds, mourn?
ings, rough and dressed lumber.
The Sumter Door, Sash & 3lind Factory,
J. W. McKeiver. - - Proprietor
A ppler and Red Rust Proof. Smooth and Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
-Grain Pasture Mixture
CompcfO *>f Winter Turf Oat<. Wheat, Rye, Barley
and Vctr; The best winter Horse, Cow and Hog
Pastor? you can possibly plant. :: :: ::
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAN. 1910.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
N. G. OSTEE1N, JR., Dentist.
18 West Liberty Street-Up Stairs.
Hours-8.30 to 1-P. M-2 to 6.
Office Phone?No. 30 - - - House Phone 382