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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 06, 1909, Image 4',
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'tCljC Wbrtcbmnn iraD *
VCBNES9AY, OCTOBER 6, 1909.
The ttumter Watchman was found
wd a* III* and the True Southron In
!Ut?. Tha Witchman and Southron
ttew haa the combined circulation and
t*Mhtence of both oC the old papers.
UM Is manifestly the beat advertising
medium In Suenter.
T%e Knglinh and continental cotton
iiNIa are buying cotton at 12 1-2 to
II cents and seem eager to get it.
They saust have reasonable assurance
of being able to manufacture It at a
petal, cin?'iiu'?ntly it la difficult to
undent tan I e?hy the cotton milia of
Nnrth and South Carolina cannot pay
the %ame price, le^s the freight to Eu
rwpt. .?nj snake a little profit. Ev
?asy inn.; the price of cotton begins
to ndtanc ? oar Southern mills become
t>e ?w?v.f rump int of hears and make
iruM vi ?tent eff orts to depress the
n*?ce than d<> .the New England and
te* J.;n mills <|f he Southern mills
?De???'?! mmufacture thirteen cent cot
tee at a profit while the English mills
earn, tlv > will have to shut down or
sre nnsrc:* t?> give them a subsidy
aienit*i te the dtip subsid/ advocated
*%r VtveteYent Taft and the Aldrlch
?wo? The plight of the Southern
Cottas esills is a ?ad one. truly, and
thee will receive the same degree of
upM?>aihv from the farmers that they
?eatoud *d the farmers when cotton
era* filing at seven or eight cents
era the mills were making big profile.
Two Month can better afford to pay
%*4 sauces for cotton goods than to
neat retten at a price sufficiently low
te sdosee the mill men. The farmer.*
%re vtttsfled with thirteen cent cotton
and the mill* should try to be.
r iitii jury.
Pee el fat First Week Fall Term of
i*c4 K llruo .on
A. M fiondon.
K. V Chandler. Jr. I
tr a. James.
*> U B?slich
V^v i. sealo.
1 *> bedding*
A I* .fackaon.
?tcloa lira J ford,
flat t\ Woedley.
It- **as Wlnn
*V m. Cnanpb**!!
X t. Oeedaasn.
?? ^ Fatten
IfW y Lecnmon. 1
? 'T. *s\ If Urns. j *
V rj ?n Hhkrer.
V li. Jackson.
J J. T*aen.
I IV, Uoykln
C V W. Katneid
to j. Hodge.
art y f/eree,
e?Ol\wsaa W. Ramsey.
?a? it. rort.
Hi F. atyere.
Jl ?4 ?lltotte
? I? Witherspoon.
tX tt Mich ard son.
*. ff i?ahhs.
W N White
R W. t'natlee.
Matal VT BALZF.I.L.
lee. IV Hi. Martin Ha* Heavy Loss.
T%* ? gWi house of Mr. O. B. Martin.
\)t e?.?4re4i. waa burned Thursday night
it*o*M 4 2 o'clock, together with be
r?<eii ?.. and '0 tons of cotton seed
nnd irtc or hU bales of cotton There
?spa. es In vur:*nee on building and
exwtctla and Mr. Martin's loss aggre
Bates ateee than $4.000.
>??*.?. nf luquors Will Probably Re
? ?* it?- led ilefuee Xo% ember lath.
Y*hen the County dispensary
om November 15th ther,. will
> ee># tittle. If any liquor left on
t>4 In fact it is probable that the
ef liquor will be exhausted be
aVre ? !?*eattl r 16th and the dispen
ejarr e>UI elote before the date fixed
%y tee f*r the inauguration of the
ens s? -???.?-> prohibition. The
nex.%. ?4* cheap liquors U a ready run
ann *ew and if the demand keeps
14- sv ? ? who consume one X liquor
rl" 4e change their tipple wlth
1 ? ffCfl er ten days. I*ast week
t? aefat totaled $4.(02. Saturday's
I ",1a, Farly.
Ileleo Commander celebrat
<o??rth Nrthday by entertain
a nsrrrner <*,' her little friends.
? ;m e^rVesfinieuts were served, af
w?im. the mtle folks were treated
n ?teVghifHi straw ride, which they
<j*.V<H.'*l vei 1 much Tbo<?e pres
t w<*?* tjMCile Smoak. Nell Ard,
Ops; Maude Wsddell. Marlon
Imi.Hv Philips. James Wilder.
Kiixabeth Ard. Nell
>nnq>r. atary Kennedy. Maybell
ooit. fMck Hamilton. David
<**f?oon, t?aura Kennedy. Helen
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Suniter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The fast to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to u?e these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C.
Sinne Random Thoughts.
My clippings have exceeded the
apace the printer could aslgn me, so
today I will give him an opportunity
to catch up and tell my readers som
thing of the condition of the Union
In three counties that I visited last
? i s
Before beginning to tell of my trip,
I want to say that there is one farmer
in Sumter County who says he can
cure corn perfectly In the shocks. His
method of shocking differs in one
important particular from any I ever
heard of, and he has promised to
write an article for these columns de?
sert bin dg it. Prof. Maasey hau just
recently admitted that it may not
be the nest way in some sections.
<nd now comes one of our own farm?
ers to show that it is the best. We
? ? ?
On Thursday I boarded the Sum
tor-Augusta train at 6:45 and two
ours Inter sjas put off at Denmark
where three, railroads cross, and
\ here some day there will be a thriv?
ing city for It is backed by a fariu
;ig country the equal of the famous
Little Rock section. After breakfast
T boarded^a Southern Railway train \
and in a few minutes was at Bam- J
berg, the"county seat of the smallest
county in the State. 40S square miles,
and the moat compactly shaped coun?
ty too. When the train from Branch
Mile cams up. Bro. Perritt, State
1'resident of the Union, pot off, and
?i. an hour, which we spent very
pleasantly beComing acquainted with
the farmers assembled, the union was
called to order. The writer is some?
what of a rambling speaker, as the
"Random Thoughts" of these col
ajhns would indicate, so it was
thought best to put him up first to
"?hell the woods,"''and let Brother
Perritt pick them off with hut sharp?
shooters, and drive home the argu?
ments In the logical order that char?
acterises hiti speeches. The mayor of
the city very happily welcomed the
Union and its guests to the city, and
qule a sprinkling of outsiders were at
the public meeting and listened very
attentively to the speeches. After the
public meeting the Union transacted
the usual routine business. The Union
is very much alive In Bamberg coun?
ty?not blowing any horns, nor pars?
ing impossible resolutions; but it la
getting down to business along sane
and sensible lines of endeavor that
are already bearing fruit. After din?
ner Brother Perritt and the writer
were sent-to Denmark by automobile
and we came home on the Aug^uta
e e ' e
Friday, Oct. 1st, the Bumter Coun'O
Union met with the Wisacky Union
of Lee County, at Elliott. Secretary
Treasurer Keels of Clarendon County
Union was present, and extended an
invitation to as many as could do so
to meet with the Clarendon Union
at Turbevllle on Wednesday. Oct.
14th. It is not Bjeneeeery to say any?
thing ubout what the Union is doing
in these three counties. Union men
who attend the meeetlngs know, and
otaers will find out soon enough. The
good ladles of Wisacky Union gave us
a tine picnic dinner.
That evening the writer went to
Newberry via Sumter, and Columbia.
At Newberry the audience was larger
than st either of the other places and
your editor was the only speaker at
the public meeting. His remarks on
the Importance of education b fore
any true progress is possible, were re?
ceived with marked approval. When
the routine business wus finished and
officers elected for the next year, It
was r> solved to have an essay at each
meeting on some topic of farm econ?
omy. The aubject for the November
meeting ares selected and Brother
Jos. L Keltt was appointed to write
the essay. The subject "Reclaima
tlon of Worn-out Lands" shows that
Newberry Union Is starting at the
bottom to lay the foundation good
and strong for success in every other
effort. A vary interesting feature of
the meeting was the report from va
tioue mentbers of their efforts in a
systematic campaign of education
that covered every point in the co"n
ty where there is a union or pi
pects of organizing one. One of the
ld*OS they reported that they had to
combat was that if one Joined the
Union he had to hold his cotton for
1," cents, whether he could or not, or
whether his judgment thought it ad
\isaile. All were agreed that the
puoplion of "impossible" resolutions
"'Long ranged resolutions" the writ?
er has named them) had done more
to discredit the Union than anything
else. In conclusion: I want to im
pr ss upon my readers that the Union
is in better shape now in the counties
unmeet above than it has ever been?
the weak-kneed, the visionary, the
impractical, have gradually dropped
out, Those who remain are among
:hc best of our farmers thoroughly
imbued with the Ideas of education,
self:help and neighborly co-opera
lion. Not the least of the pleasures
?f those trips were the* meeting of old
iriends on the trains and at the meet?
ings, renewing old acquaintance,
iioming new ones, and finding among
the great diversity of interests, the
common aim of placing farming in the
front rank of the learned professions.
l trust to have at future meetings of
.^umter County Union some of the
men who are making the Union go
in these other counties.
E. W. D.
DEAD JiT THE AGE OF 10?.
?*?? ' ':? 1
Centenarian Pasees Aw*y at His
Home Near Ridge Spring?Wae
Veteran of Two Wan.
Johnston. Oct. 2.?Mr. Willilam
Klrkland of the Ridge Spring section
died Wednesday and was burled, in
the family burying ground, near his
home. Friday by his pastor, Rev. P.
E. Monroe, of Mt. Calvary Lutheran
church, of which Mr. Klrkland was a
member. He died at the age of 106
years. He served through the Mexi?
can war and was a lad 9 yeacs old
when the second war with Great Brit?
ain began. Ho also served through
the Civil war.
His youngest child, Mrs. Crombee,
is the only child now living and she
is in her 70th year. He leaves 11
grandchildren. 39 great-grandchild?
ren and one great-^reat-grandchlld.
The campaign of the German ac?
tors in favor of the new theatre laws
which are under consideration in the
Cttrman Reichstag has caused much
public discussion as to the profession
and the income which it yields. One
statistical article which is being ex?
tensively circulated says that 45 par
cent, of Germany's actors receive
'''om 720 to i.000 murks a year; 25
per cent, from 2,,400 to 3,400 marks;
10 per cent, from 2.400 to 3.000
marks, and only 10 per cent, have
an incom.? of over 3,000 marks a
year. The worst of it all, the actors
say, it that they can not be employ?
ed for a winde year, even at these
figures. "That the theater year only
lasts nine months is no fault of ours
nor do we blame the managers, but
that 3.U?0 marks a year (.about $750)
is looked upon as good pay for an
actor for n year's services is proof
that we should have an organisation*"
savs one 01 the aggrieved ones.
Japan in 1908 made 260,000.000
pounds of paper and imported 4 8,000,
000 pounds, a consumption of 308,
000,000 pounds, or 6.3 pounds per
capita of the population.
Asa BatSOn, l young whit- man,
was Instantl) killed and his father,
W. Y. Batson, was slightly Injured
near Marietta, Greenville county, by
the Greenville and Knoxville train,
the accident occuring as the two were
trying to cross the track in a wag?
The South was adjudged in er?
ror, because it possessed party solid?
arity. The West is equally in er?
ror for refusing to accept party solid?
arity. Nothing is perfect but politics
in New England and industrial condi?
tions in Pennsylvania.?Jaoksonvil o
t Hamburger & Sons
WE are willing that the clothes we sell should shoulder their own burden of
proof. Let them do- their own talking, if you please. When it comes to
designing, styling, inside and outside tailoring, we unhesitatingly claim
our Smart Suits and Overcoats for Young Men and Boys represent the very highest
examples of latter-day tailoring and clothes quality at fair prices.
We guarantee satisfaction. Our Fall stock is ready for your inspection.
Suits, Isaac Hamburger Make, $20 $30
==- OTHER MAKES $10, $12 50. $15, $18.50 AND $20. -
= Sumter Clothing Co
MIXED FERTILIZER BEST.
Government Expert Announces Re?
sult of Investigation.
Washington, October. 2.?The re?
sults of a comprehensive study by
Prof. Milton Whitney, chief of the
bureau of soil, agricultural depart?
ment, on "fertilizer for cotton
soils," have just been made public.
Prof, Whitney says:
"The chances for increase in crop
production are greater with two or
three fertilizers mixed than with a
single substance, and a larger Increase
gain. It appears that the smaller ap?
plication of single fertilizer?manure,
compost and commercial fertiliser
have given in general no less an in?
crease than the latter amounts. The
Increase obtained from the more pro?
ductive soils based upon the yields
of unfertilized plants appears to he
less than from the !t.ss productive
-<oils, Indicating an equal increase lb
crop from the same quantity of fer
.;i)zers used for the good soila as for
'he less productive spilt,"
The C. & W. C. road will erect a
large and handsome depot in Green?
G. L. Johnson, of Richmond, a tres?
tle worker of the American Bridge
Building Company fell from the At?
lantic Coast Line trestle at Santee
river and received injuries that re?
sulted in his death.
Mrs. J. H. Peters, of Rice Lake.
Wis., is the only woman founder and
machinest in the country, .says a
news item from that city. She pick?
ed up her trade when visiting her
husband's shop, and can do anything
of the things that machinists general?
ly do. It Is also reported that she is
a good cook.
WANTED?To buy a large quantity
of short or long leaf pine logs. Eith?
er f. o. b. cars Sumter or f. o. b.
car at shipping point. Correspond?
ence solicited. Sumter Lumber Co.
FOR SALE?At Cotton Warehouse in
Sumter, 300 bushels Appier Seed
Oats 75 cents per bushel there or
F. O. B. cars. Write or phone. Jno.
L Frlerson, No. 3 R. F. D., Sum?
ter, S C. 9-18-3t; W. 2t.
FOR SALE?Several pure bred Berk?
shire Gilts, as pretty as pictures.
Too fine for pork if any farmer
needs to Improve his stock. Prices
}. 2c pound gross wt. Weigh from
150 to 200 lbs. Will be bred, if de?
sired, but do not advise it on O. K.
in breeding. There is more and
quicker money in good hogs with
meat so high, than any other live
stock. Also several milch cows*
Will sell at. bargains before calv?
ing. B. W. Dabbs. Mayesville, S.
O'DONNELL & CO
These Chilly Mornings
Are gentle reminders of the near approach of Winter,
and that means more bed covering. When you find
that you cannot longer defer the purchase of blankets,
do not forget that this is the
- Home of the Tar Heel?
The Greatest Blanket Ever Put on the
Market for the Money.
13 cent cotton has not affected the price of
of them because they are strictly
In fact we are selling them now as cheap as
we did when cotton was 5 cents.
We have cheaper Blankets from 75c to $3 pair.
Children's Crib Blankets $1.50.
A Full Line of Comfortables from 75c to $7.50 each
O'DONNELL 6 CO.
THE POPE ILL WITH GOUT.
Attack Not Serious But Audiences Are
Rome, Oct. 4.?For several days
past the pope has been sick, but he
continued to see visitors, hoping to
overcome what he considers a slight
Indisposition. Yesterday he received
in audience several of the archbish?
ops, who noticed that the pontiff ap?
peared tired and languid. After the
audience the symptoms became ag?
gravated, there being considerable
pain and swelling in the leg, which
indicated a recurrence of the gout.
Although the attack is slight, the
pope's audiences have been suspend?
Miss Mary Nye, of Columbus. Miss.;
Bertha Salsgater, of Bellaire, and
Mrs. Irvine C Miller, of Springfield,
O., have been appointed deputy in?
spectors of workshops and factories.
John Wheeler, colored, killed Pay
ton Rowl at a barbecue in Newberry