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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 09, 1909, Image 3',
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HI HI R PRICKS FOR PRODI I h.
On? \Vu> Inf I'.nrnl Telephone Can he
Uer:l to mi * dwuiUK by the Farm
The time h rapidly phasing when
t^e farmer Ms to sacrifice his con?
signments or market produce a<c
whate . ? r pr!?- > the commission m r
chant feels disposed to allow him.
He Is beginning to learn that It Is
better to post himself on market quo?
tations before shipment, and If the
market it low. to wait until Its tone
Improves. To do this Is one of the
advantages of hsvlng s telephone. Of
courts It costs money for telephone
service, much lean than you think,
unless you've made Inquiries lately,
but n verthe'.cas, this opportunity or
getting In touch with deslers in towns*
and securing their prices before
making shipments is now putting
millions of dollars annually into the
pockets of th . A merles n farmers.
At present there are over 4.000.000
telephones ....Z no calamity Imagina?
ble would I ' worse and more disa?
terous to social and commercial con?
ditions than obliteration of the tele?
phone system. R Is the strongest
bond that holde the world together.
It la man's greatest convenience. The
day Is coming whsn everybody. In
eluding the farmers of America, will
Of late years the telephone com?
pany has been giving the farmers'
neede in the matter considerable at?
tention and the result is the forma?
tion of a plan by which the resident*
of the rural sections m y become
connected with the local lines in the
cities nearest thsm at very triftllng
expanse. besides enjoying sll the ad?
vantages of long distance Arvice
when desired. And when a party of
farmers In a neighborhood get to?
gether and build a line, the service
can be made to cost as low as 60
cants a month.?LaOrange. <Q.) Re?
porter. Sept. 17.
Tt Is strange but true that the peo
jt pie who will get the greatest beifelt
from good road*. In proportion lo
what they pay. are usually the very
people that kick the hardest when It
Ig proposed to spend s considerable
?am of money for this purpose.?
?Teur cough snnoys you. Keep en
tackln? and tesrlng ths delicate
membrane* of your throat if you want
to ha annoyed. But If you want re?
lief, want to oe cured, take Chamh- r
lam*s Cough Remedy. Sold by W. YV.
Woods, u Darlington negro,
who heat his daughter to death, plead
guilty to murder Monday and wus
sentenced to the penitentiary for life.
?It Is In time of sudden mishap or
accident that Chamberlain'* Liniment
can be relied upon to take the place
of the family doctor, who cannot al*
ways be found at the moment. Then
tt IS that Chamberlain's Llnimmt 1*
aevvr found wanting. In cases of
sprains, cuts, wounds and bruises
Chamberlain a Liniment takes out the
soreaeea and drives away the pain.
Sold by W. W. SlberL
Wejhave just received a
shipment of Onion Sets.
Now is the time to plant
them fur an early crop.
Red and White
list's Dm an
W. W. SIBERT.
Telephone 183. - 8 S. Main St.
Most appropriate, most ap
preciatcd. are shown here in
all their surpassing beauty.
Our Cut Glass display pi a
worthv one?inclusive, ex?
Km-.?unique in des?;n<
gem combinations tastdlul
and handsome, and all quali?
ties ARK what they are re
Then Hand Decorated
China makes a dainty re
tnenibrancc. We show ef
fects a little out of the ordi?
We caminterest you in gifts
at very moderate prices.
W. A. Thompson,
Jew?ier end Optician.
Ti e ?iovo.s;, Invasion of \e.v York.
An Interesting chapter of the series
The Spiritual Unrest," whWh Ra}
it innard Baker contributes to the
\merlcan Magazine, appears in the
October Issue of that periodical; it is
devoted to the Jews in America, and
?>al9 with their disintegration and
the decline of their religiou-: faith. <>t
the part the Jews play in the life and
activities of New York City. Mr. Fak
"How much the Jewish population
means in the life of New York City
few people realize. Within the past
few yet ;. quietly, almost without no?
tice, the Jew has become the chief
single element in the population of
<?ur principal American city?and in
a very real sense one of the dominat?
ing factors of bur life. Out of the to
?al population of Greater New York
nearly 1,000.000 are Jews, or more
than one in every five. Nowhere at
any time in the world's history were
?o many Jews gathered together in
one locality. Jerusalem the Golden In
ill the 5 000 years of Its history never
..Ad a quarter as many Jews as now
ive in New York city, and all Pales
.ire today, in spite of the efforts of
? ih 8laatic Zionists to fire their peo?
ple with s desire to return to their
home land has not as many Jewish
residents as may be found In half a
dozen blocks on the East Side. Not
>nly are they the dominant factor on
the crowded East Side, but they oc?
cupy whole neighborhoods in other
parts of the city?In Harlem and the
Bronx, in Williamsburg and Browns?
ville?almost to the exclusion of other
population. And they are not mere
renters of homes and tenements; for
a considerable proportion of the valu?
able lands on Manhattan Island arc
now held by Jewish owners. The
largest single Industry In the city?
clothing manufacture?Is almost en
tlrely In the Ugnda of Jews. They con?
trol many of our greatest banks and
other financial Institutions, and their
1 main in finance is rapidly extend?
ing: they dominate and direct almost
exclusively the amusements, both the?
atres and operas?of the greatest
mcrican cities. About half of the
principal newspapers of the metropo?
lis are owned by Jews?and some of
the other papers have Jewish editors
In Important positions. They control
the greatest part of the wholesale and
retail trade. Many of our ablest l?w
?vis, doctors and scientists are Jews.
V.ore and more the Jew is becoming
a great factor In politics; if Tammany
Ff*sl] Is beaten at the polls this fall,
the Jew will do It.
"Many Jewish Judges now adminis?
ter our lavfg and not a few Jews In i
?Alf legislatures and in congress are
helping to make them. The educa?
tion of the children of New York
city is. to a surprising extent, in the
hands of the Jews?and becoming
metre and more so. I examined the
lists recently published of newly ap?
pointed teachers for the public schools*
It reads for long spaces like a direc?
tory of the Bast Side. Hundreds of
teachers In New York who were born
In despotic Russia and who came here
only a few years ago, knowing not a
word Of English, are today teaching
American children the principle* of
democracy. Some of the strongest
benevolent and civic activities of the
city are controlled by Jews and final?
ly, the Jews, i?Basting Christianity,
have built up at least one religious
or ethical movement, wliioh has at?
tracted many Chrssttasm. Net a few
Christian church?*, stow by surround?
ed by Jews, have give* ap tChe strug?
gle and the buildings have finally
been purchased and tce-srwsnied into
synagogues. It may ceone as a sur?
prise to many people, hat it Is a fact
that there are now 1st m?re syna?
gogues (organizations, ?ort buildings)
on Manhattan Island than there are
Christian churches. The number of
Jewish synagogues m greater New
York hi 803. of which 7?? are in Man?
hattan Island and the Bsnorot. Assur?
edly New York city hats "become the
New Jerusalem of the Jerw,"
Wilbur Wright says that too many
m n dying now are being led astray
by a desire for notoriety. He might
have said that too many men are
walking, running, motoring, golfing,
tenntsing. preaching, shooting, writ?
ing, painting, acting, paragraphing
and exploring for the same reason.?
Savannah Morning News.
Joseph Chartrand, survivor of the
old French colony at Cahokla, com
punloff of Fremont, the "Pathfinder,"
?ml friend of John Jacob Astor. is
le of He was ninety-three years old.
md had been in falling health on ac?
count of his age for months at th I
home of his son In St. lentis.
The life-long domicile of an old
lady was situated several feet south
<?f th ? dividing line of Virginia and
North Carolina, and when that MM
?ion of the country was rewurveyed It
IS discovered that the line ran a few
fe#( f?'?'f south of the property In
j'ostion, gays Success. They broke
the news to the old lady that from
then on she was to be a resident of
Virginia "That's good," she exclaim?
ed: "I've always heard North aCro
llna was an unhealthy State to live
NAVY IS SHORT OF MEN.
Four iuttleslkps likely to be Laid
On the Shell".
Washington, Oct. 5.?Secretary
Meyer, upon 1 ecommendation of the
(General Board, will probably appe.il
In congress for a 111 er.il i: crease In
the grades of captain, commander
and lieutenant-commander and a cor?
responding increase in the number of
enlisted men in the navy in order
that the new battleships now beinK
completed may be put in commission
without throwing out of service sev?
eral of the older men-of-war.
Officials of the Bureau of Naviga?
tion are confronted with the difficult
problem of finding a sufficient num?
ber of officers and men available for
sea duty to put In service the Michi?
gan and the South Carolina, the first
American Dreadnoughts, without
crippling other ships still in good
fighting trim. The Michigan would
have been In service by this time had
not a number of alterations been nec?
essary, which will delay it until No?
vember L Had she been ready, how?
ever, she could not have been sent
to sea without putting one or two
cruisers out of service or seriously
interfering with the target practice of
the Atlantic fleet by taking away
ordnance and turret officers. The
South Carolina will be ready for com?
mission by January 1. Following
these will come the Delaware and the
North Dakota, the former to be ready,
it is estimated, by February 1, and
the latter by April 1.
They will be put into the battleship
fleet in pairs. The Michigan and
South Carolina will be added to the
fleet by January 1 for the Southern
winter cruise, and the other two will
be added in the spring, between th:>
completion of the cruise and the hold?
ing of the record target practice.
According to the present intentions,
the fleet organization will be main?
tained with but 16 battleships, four
of the oldest vessels to give place to
the four new ones. The four ships
withdrawn will still be in good flght
'ng trim after some overhauling, and
It is desired to keep them In commis?
sion, or at least in reserve for emer?
gency use, to be operated as a special
With the four new battleships ad?
ded, the Atlantic fleet will be the
equal of any organization of a like
number of ships now In service. By
that time, however, both Great Brit?
ain and Germany will have \n service
several ships of the "greater Dread?
nought" type. Because of the rapid
strides being made, not only by Ger?
many, which will have a complete
fleet of Dreadnoughts in service with?
in another year, but by England.
Italy, Austria and Japan, memlwrs of
the General Board hold that it would
be a serious error for congress to
fall to relieve the present shortage of
officers and men. Every ship in good
fighting condition should be perma?
nently in commission, they hold.
The Ohio, Wisconsin and Missouri,
the three oldest battleships in the
fleet, together with one of the newer
oil es. possibly "the Nebraska or the
New Jersey, will be sacrificed to make
room for the new vessels. Both the
Nebraska and the New Jersey are
new, neither haivraag seen over two
The experimental ban on mail at
Chicago's poHtoffive '.general delivery
windows against iglrts Who haven't
their parents' consent, wives who
haven't their Jrusband's permission
aid nny who coald not identify them
s^lves^, under the names td which let?
ters were addressed continues to
cause conste-rnation to thousands of
peopl -? pTtnctpalb' women who call
and are confronted With the new rule.
Futile lesentment has run high, and
th??re has been much declamation
about ?'infringement of rights." Over
three thousand women a day have
been receiving mad at the general de?
livery section. PoRtofftce Inspector
Stuart now is convi-nced that his ex?
periment was needed, for he says that
evil has come to thousands of girls
under age who have received mail
surreptitiously, and that the safety
Of thousands of homes has been im?
pel Ikd by mail, which husbands and
wives have received in general deliv?
ery boxe.? Now every person is com?
pelled to -inn n card before mail is
delivered and Investigation is made of
the signer. Parents of girls are n?1
tifled. and some radical changes in
the domestic arrangements of love
affairs have been caused by the ab?
rupt order from Inspector Stuart. Aa
usual thousands of innocent persons
isufferlng needlessly from the at
tcompt t<> discipline guilty folk. Thou?
sands of girls and women, whom clr
enmstaneee compel to live in cheap
boarding houses, and hundreds of
foreigner! Whose livings are prccari
OUSl) got and who have trusted to
the protection of Uncle Bam as a sure?
ty tor honest delivery of mail untam
pered with. And themselves entangled
In red tape.
Rev, Dr. John II. DeForest, a vet?
eran Congregational missionary at
Senday. Japan, has been decorated by
the imperial government with the Or?
der of the Rising Sun.
FAVOR SHORT TIME IX MILLS.
international Cotton spinners indoiM
Americans' Measures fop Tiding
Frankfort, Germany, Oct. C?The
international Conference of Cotton
Spinners, which opened here today,
adopted a resolution expressing their
pleasure over the news that American,
cotton rpinners were limiting the ;
hours of work and the production
pnd that further limitations in Amer?
ica were in prospect, by which the
crisis will be terminated.
A Bond Issue for Irrigation Projects
To Placate Uie Tariff-Ritten West.
President Taft, in a speech at Spok?
ane on Tuesday, set forth clearly and
definitely his views of the conserva?
tion of natural resources, particularly
in regard to the disposition by the
Government of water sites and coal
lands in the public domain. The
Presldence also announced his pur?
pose to recommend to Congress a
bond issue of $10,000,000 for the com?
pletion of certain projects for the
reclamation of arid lands. It is pos?
sible his announcement is not con?
nected with considerations of political
strategy and expediency. Mr. Taft's
defense of the Aldrich tariff has given
offense to many Western Republicans.
The West does not enjoy the blessings
of excessive taxation and the conse?
quent increase in the cost of living
any more that the advocates in the
East of a moderate tariff.
The reclamation of the arid lands
of the West may be a wise and neces?
sary policy, contributing to the wel?
fare of the nation and adding to the
general prosperity. Upon the assum?
ption that the West ought, for tin
good of the whole country, to have its
arid wastes reclaimed and made ari
able and fertile, the East and South
are logically entitled also to the con?
sideration of the national Govern?
ment to reclamation projects in the
watery regions of the Southern and
Eastern States? The people of these
sections have to bear the burdens of
the Aldrich tariff as well as their
Western brethren. Why not open the
doors of the Federal Treasury to
them? The East and South are not
hostile to irrigation projects for the
benefit of the West. They do not un?
derstand, however, why their sub?
merged lands should not receive the
tender consideration of Mr. Taft.
We have said that President Tait'fc
exposition of his conservation policy
was clear and definite. But that p d
Vcy will not be satisfactory to the
public, it will not provide adequate
safeguard against monopolistic con?
trol, unless the restrictions impo**>d
by the Government upon the acqui?
sition of water sites and the control
of coal lands be thorough and com?
prehensive. In respect to the coal
lands in the public domain, Mr. Taft
suggests the leas* of the Titfht to
take coal from these bxnds at a spec?
ified compensation per ton, or to sep
erate the surface of the land from its
mineral contents ana to seftl the coal
deposits outright to the miner. As
regards waterpowe.r sites, Mr. Taft
recommnds that eestrtetiems be im?
posed for the use af sudi sites equit?
able to !>oth the Investor and the pub
lie. The Saonetary of Use Interior, hej
states, has *k> power, under existing!
laws, to prescribe and tmforce restric
tttSSl esseatia)) ts? the ?protection of!
the public LiegJslatieai by Congress'
is necessary, and the President states!
that he will recommend the passage!
of a law autherfoing the Secretary of
the Interior to dispor? <of water sites
on terms agreed upan by the Secre?
tary and the pxarrdssdser.
The propsed law ought to be ex?
plicit In its provisioas ?o that monop?
olistic control of water ?power will wot
be possible under the terms of any
agreement l*>tween the Secretary ??f
the Interior and tae -purchasers of
power sites. Mr. Tart says that for?
feiture ought to be t%ne penalty to
provent monopoly of ownership Of
coal lands or coal rights. That pen?
alty ought also to be included in Hie
agreements for the disposition of
water-power sites. Furthermore, the
Sherman Anti-trust act, which has
been on the statute book for eighteen
years, ought to be invoked against
any water power monopolists or coal
monopolists who use the resources of
tee public domain to plunder the peo?
ple, And until Congress has enacted
the legislation which Mr. Taft lay* is
it; Ispensablo to safeguard public n
teiests the Government ought to go
?lowly in opei ing pubH ? lands to .-et
tloment, especially when there
lertpon to suspect that any Inter iv
v> 111 take advantage of ? .-.isting InVtS
to establish monopo'y. ?Baltimore
The next time Cook goes out to dis?
cvery anything Ii?, will pssibly oblige
Peary by carrying a searchlight and a
born - Washington Star.
Ida Fa I he - Hansen, general super?
visor Of public schools of Denmark.
Celebrated her sixtieth birthday the
other day. She is said to be the best
beloved, as well as one of the most
brilliant of the women of her coun
MOCKING AT THE LAW.
The grand jury for Charleston
County h had before it at the pre?
sent term of the court, of sessions
twenty-four indictments for violation
of the law against the sale of liquor.
It has muH? d over these present?
ments pretty thoroughly, according
to reports. On Saturday it returned
the whole lot of them to the court,
each and every one endorsed "No
bill," and that is the end of these
indictments. Which is the sort of
thing that has happened before with
grand juries here, and, we suppose,
But this particular grand jury, in
its general presentment at th# con?
clusion of the last term of court, set
forth its belief that the law against
the sale of liquor in Charleston was
but poorly enforced and called upon
the Mayor and the other executive
forces of the city to make more vig?
orous proceeding against the viola?
tors. It was to be supposed, there?
fore, that all the grand jury needed
for the Initiation of vigorous pros?
ecution in the courts was opportunity
to indict somebody for offense against
? be laws. This opportunity was given
to the grand Jury by the handing out
of twenty-four indictments of alleged
illegal sellers of liquor. The evidence
was prepared In practically all the
cases by the police authorities of the
city and fortified by the solicitor
with citation of the law. And the
grand Jury refuses to bring one of
the accused parties to trial.
But that is not the end of the
grand jury's fate. At the same tlm j
that it put on record its rejection of
these indictments against the alleged
sellers of liquor, the body declared,
through Its foreman, in a leUer to
the solicitor: "It is the unanimous
wish of the grand jury that you make
out indictments against the attached
list of holders of United States special
tax as liquor dealers for the current
fiscal year, commencing August 18.
1908." .The list, it is said, includes
something like one hundred and fifty
names, among which are some, prob?
ably all, of the twenty-four parties in?
dicted at the term of court and ex?
onerated by the grand jury. Why th?
~rr.nd jury should wish tho solicitor
to make out indictments against the
holders of United states liquor tax
receipts it does not say. and this is a
serious omission for it can not be
readily imagined by anybody else.
Certainly it can not be because of a
Desire or a determination to bring in
true bills against those so presented,
for the irrand Jury has already dic
charged all the Indictments given to
it and, according to the persuasion of
the court, for "some other reason
than the lack of evidence." It i*'
certain enough that the evidence
against the twenty-four who 'have
been -saved harmless was much
strongeT tnan that against the one
hundTtd and fifty or so, indictment
of whom is invited, can possibly be.
There is not only the prima facie evi?
dence against these that there would
be against the others in the holding
of a revenue tax receipt but there is
personal evidence, as well, obtained
*ry "the police force. Perh?p* the
?grand Jury's purpose in suggesting
such indictments as it has proposed
to the solicitor may find explanation
I in the expression of the court that
"the possession of a revenue license
in sufficient for a true bill, but with
that alone the solicitor could not ex?
pect a jury to convict," as "something
more is necessary." - It may be that
the grand jury, wishes to give the
holders of these license an immunity
bath, relieving them of the liability
to prosecution for the remainder of
the term of their licenses. Certainly
it must have some benevolent ob?
ject in view toward the parties
whose indictment it desires.
What are We going to do about it
in Charleston, anyway? There has
been a good deal said of late about
the awakening of public sentiment
to the necessity of enforcing this law
against the illegal sale of liquor. A
good many people have professed to
believe that if cases were presented
to the juries convictions would he
recorded, though heretofore the petit
juries haw, almost with exception,
acquitted the accused illegal sellers of
liquor. But here we are against the
fact that the cases aren't even
brought before the petit juries. The
grand jury kills them upon the very
threshold of the court. It looks as if
we have made mighty little progress
,n this matter, alter all. !s there,
then, nothing in all this talk :th'>ut a
letter sentiment an I a d.te:min.-i
desire for th ? enforcement of toe !
st tute? Are we not only to ignore
but also to mock at the law??Char?
w. B. McLaughlin, whit -, of Dar?
lington, charged with violations <>i
the dispensary law, failed to appear
When called. Ib- was tried in his ab?
seiicr ami a verdict of guilty remb-rd.
Tin- sentence was not published. Mc?
Laughlin was a member of the grand
Jury all of last year and was drawn
to serve for this year, but upon being j
charged With violations of the dispen- j
sary law, was excused at the spring
term of court from further service
for this year.
SEMMKS, OF ALABAMA.
A Yankee's Broad-M.mb <| Climate
Of a Soutlyra Naval lloro.
From the New Haven Register).
Secretary of War Dickinson tells the
story of the grandchild at Admiral
Raphael Bcmmee, of Alabama, rush?
ing to the presence of his f;.th?r, Gen.
Luke B, Wright, with tears in his
ey< s and demanding, "Was my grand?
pa a, pirate?" Had such I question
been asked anywhere in the North,
even up to the present time, tt is to be
feared that the answer would have
been unhesitating and affirmative.
This year of centenaries is big
enough, perhaps, to give room and
justice to even Semmes, of Alabama.
He was born 100 years ago this 27th
of September. Maryland was his birth
State, but it is Alabama that today is
observing his centenary. It is with
Alabama that his reputation is con?
nected. That State gave name to the
vessel which he principally used as a
privateer. The bitterness of the North,
smarting under the steady destruc?
tion and capture of its small fleet of
merchantmen during the war, was di?
rected against Semmes. To the South
he was, per contra, the great naval
hero of the war.
It is probable that Admiral Semmes
did not wholly deserve either the
hatred or the praise. He was a loyal
son of the South, and gave his best
for its cause?sincerely, as did his
brethren. Great Britain made pos?
sible the most damaging of the de?
struction he did, and to Great Britain,
not Semmes, or the South, the worst
of the hatred should have been di?
rected. It should not be forgotten
that the Alabama was an English
built vessel, manned by a British
crew. Admiral 3emmes was her clev?
er commander, and he did good work
in his place. Eut his accomplish?
ment, costly as it was to th.; North?
and eventually to Great Britain?was
only an incident in the strtlCgt** It
taught the needed lesron, as we can
see it now, that the harassing of mer?
chantmen and the destruction and
capture of property not properly con?
traband of war, only prolongs but
does not settle such a strife.
As for Raphael Semmes, he was a
Southern gentleman, a good seaman,
and before the war did good service
for the united country. iHs part In
the strife was not a pleasant one, bot
he did what at the time seemed to
him- best. At the distance of nearly
fifty years we can afford to remember
the good deeor, and let the recollec?
tion of those which at the time vexed
us sore be burled with his bones.
Long's saw mill, Hampton County,
was burned Monday. Less $10,000
wjt,h no insurance.
lor Infants and Children.
The Kind You Hate Always Sottght
BUILT ON HONOR
SOLD ON MERIT
There are no ifs and ands
about our guarantee, and no
rebate schemes about our
sales. We prefer to believe
that our customers are sensi?
ble people ir search of a
square deal, and we make it
our business to tr*at them as
?ucn. When you buy a
Stief f Piano
you get what you pay for. and
pay for what you get. Exper?
ienced buyers know that this
constitutes the only bargain
you can count on?all other
bargain forms are gambles,
and the purchaser is usually
the loser. Honesty may not
be the best indlcy, but y? are of
practice convince us that it is
gOSd enough. If you COntCSS
plate the purchase of a p..'.no.
don't fall to examine the Meiff*
A showdown is our ?1 light.
Chas. M. Stieff,
Baltimore, - Md.
5 West Trade St.
Charlotte, - N. C.
C. R. \\ li.mux m. Manager.