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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 09, 1909, Image 4',
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Cht flBUttbman anb Soutbron
SATURDAY. OUI OBER 9, 1909.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed In Uli and the True Southron In
lift. The Watchman and Southron
?ow ha* the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and la manifestly the best advertising
medium In Sumter.
"If eld l*nt were alive now% he
would probably Rive up all hope of
being able to save Charb ston."? I
News and Courier. Is It as bad as
a a ' a
The Charleston grand Jury Is pro!
ably no worse than the Farnum Jur
? ? ?
President Taft probably never
hears1 of Sumter, but If he accepts
the invitation of the City Council and
th? Chamber of Commerce to stop
fcare en routs from Augusta to Flor?
ence, he will remember that there Is
aavti s pl;?ce m the map when Post?
er Hhotu asks for re-appoint
/ Mon y In Pork.
%fi> H i noyle butchered at his
? at tnJajr a two year-old hog.
r S weighed on the foot ?66
iad.. and After being butchered
and bi >ught Into his meat market,
weighed *(4 pounds net. He sold It
fee $%< 6V The hog was raised on
Mr. tf .,ie's farm near the city of
?I the regular meeting of the
Beard of Directors of the First Nu
Haast Pank on Tuesday afternoon. It
ws? nnanitnoualy resolved that the
"ttrptu.. (if the hank he Increased to
*se.eoo This w is accomplished by n
irwnM't if f J?.000 from the undivid?
ed prom . account, and leaves still to
the credit of that account nearly
*SltfO the combined capital, sur
*?4aV ?h i profits of the bank Is n >w
natal fits. too. thus adding to the
? treagih and solidity of this old and
M Ihilletln des Halles, the lead
Preach grain paper, estimates the
wheat (up thu your ai 4SI.400.00?
SaahH. *h<r the WeUht per bushel n?
?It lgast reu* it estimated the crop
at tst.aOO.eOO bushels and the weight
at ee\t. anhtia the official estimate liu?t
year gave the yield at S10.6tl.C00
**eehel? and the weight ?11.
Jg?r tftoard of Agriculture of Qreat
TSftliaia return* the mld-Septembr r
asHiiii.ua of wheat-^at 104 per cent.
>f asstae*. Thi# compares with loo
f*at (he Same time last year.
Vtic American National Bank of
an ?i iNriaco saya that few persons.
\n4esn they have made actual and
earftaual investigation, can realise the
?Sjiilty and ectent of the agrlcul
wra'i etitoge* In California?changer,
y frhi h vast ranches are being con
iato small farms, tilled t)
aaaieed* of famillea whose wants
aaat he ?applied, usually from thb
aaefcet. and whose surplus earnings
14 I? the wealth of the State. By
?r? of dlastratlon. within the past
?aejie*?"? sis large tracts, aggregat
rg 4I*.001 acres, in the Sacramento
? alter including the Glenn Ranch of
4.aelt .?od the Cone Ranch of 40.
a-ar have been broken up into
mart tracts, watered by irrigation,
nd e* e a >w supporting considerable
>*r %4< ,ms.
'?!. hoik aal onion crop of 1909
? a#* practically all harvest?d, and
eaev?l*. %? cording to American Agl
c?*ta??.i. to 1.175.000 bushels from
a k* ? ?i 11.100 acres. The tgnrafl
htlaHsig acre ?ig e t?y states place N %v
? IPs fufeflCS?? with Ohio a
??? ?nj The crop was hurt this
Ig A'i pat Ma. The ohm crop
Ivii tn .-, sa| -.oiio'what smaller, in
?te *f yield to tr.< acre, but a ro?
ns?*? foil oi p In the IJt*4? ? si
an. i l*hc crop yarn ;\g^
a a? p>?ecd at 4..1J2.000 bushels. The
ejrau%~i>> crop of 1909. according to
this aslh.trlty. ?? 1.120.000 bushels.
r**aa?l ? ??0.900 bushels in 1908 and
1.14*?? iMi .ltels in 190; Dividing
fjh* C*e? inte sections. S.'.O.oi m bushels
as o*-eJio i tiew Km.land and K< n
'ajo**. ? H| in Mas* u tiu-t u* The
P +w i ?? ey crop approximates 425.
i weal toward a full yl Id.
< Mils Of TH \NKS.
I e V li ertend my snoei stMtfS
lha % m** many friend-, f ?r the
hlrn>- _ i * < * ? de; ' i .? I -isbaiol'i
ssjaa>. a* " ?I lha tin. i|
HilA i. ? CKJ1 .
I^. fcfcarsj, rt. C. Oct. 4. 1909.
i . H Association Meeting
?III he I meeting of the Ru
sk^i 0 >l Improvement Association
?'l?y. Oct. Uth In the grand
roiMti of the Court House. In
MSB |i ?'egMlsr programm there
a - **> ?*! -oi .?f business which will
>r ia( ??eo4 to every teacher in the
tttW Ail te-.ichcra are invited to
n\lS& K W. Mcl.KXr:.
!? e V
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dnbbs, President Farmers' Union of Suinter K
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to bs inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
offlcefs. and members of the Union are requested to u?e these columns.
Aiso to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling o/ their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department vlll be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
May es vi lie. S. C.
Some Random Thoughts.
I wish the farmers and cotton buy?
ers would read carefully the clipping
from The Progressive Farmer on the
subject of bagging and ties. I learn?
ed accidentally last summer that ad?
ditional bagging and ties are put on
cotton by exporters, but have refrain?
ed from commenting on it because so
far I have been unable to get direct
proof. Now comes the editorial writ?
er of Progressive Farmer and makes
the same statement backed up by the
inquiry of manufacturers in confer
ence with Farmers' Union represen?
tatives by asking the question: "Why
Is It that when cotton leaves the far?
mers' gin It has only 20 to 22 pounds
of tare, but lias 31 pounds by the
time It reaches us?"
In the face of this and the fact that
the price here is based upon net cot?
ton in Manchester, England, the buy?
ers of this section have the effrontery
to publish a statement that they will
penalize cotton with more than 20
pounds of tare and refuse to buy any
bale that has a palpable excess. I
would not, nor would the Union In?
dorse any attempt to load cotton
down with bagging and ties more than
enough to protect it, or more than
the acknowledged tare as fixed by the!
world's greatest market; nor do re j
Indorse the farmer who packs light
bales of cotton to tell bagging and
boast of his crop; but I do think we
should put on the amount we are en?
titled to. Just why a test case has
net been made this season I am not
aide to say, hut of one thing I am
sure this action on the part of cot?
ton buyers, is but hastening the time
when the farmer through his own or?
ganisation will handle his own pro?
duct In his own way.
By the way: It is commonly re?
ported thst certain mercantile inter?
ests have said they will spend ten
thousand dollars to smash any busi?
ness organisation the farmers may
start. We are glad to know that they
have that much money to throw
iway?money made through farmers'
patronage and that was unjustly tak?
en out of farmers' pockets and we
trust that while they are smashing
farmers' organizations this money
will find its way back into the pock?
ets of the farmers. Score two for the
Score one was when the Union, a
weak local at that, caused rebates to
^e returned to non-union farmers last
rpring on fertilizer sales.
It is sad to see how Southern spin?
ners are going to be fooled this sea?
son as they were several years ago
when the cheap cotton was exported
ind our mills had to scramble tor a
Supply of cotton at one or two cents
above the foreign spinner. E. *.V. I*.
Put More Bagging on Your cotton.
Agnin we would urge our cotton
growers to put on bagging and ties 10
the full 6 per cent limit this season.
It jou put on less than 6 per cent- -
thai is to say 30 pounds on g .V)0
pouitd bale. 26 on a 110-pound bale,
?ft,,?It Is simply a matter of giving
tie SOtgag buyer good OO+tOII worth
\'2 1-2 cents a pound when be is pay?
ing you only for bagging and ties
averaging about 3 1-2 cents a pound.
Thin is a matter our farmers have
b.) entirely too slow to understand,
The gist of the whole matter Is sim
ply this: The price of cotton is il\??l
by manufacturers who buy on a basis
of 6 per c<mt deduction for hugging
'in! ties. That is to say, they figure
on 30 pounds tare for each 50'?
,> und bale; and on each 500-pound
. I". therefore, they allow a price for
tic gross bale sufficient to pay for
only 470 pounds net of lint cotton.
In other words, the price pa> 1 per
pound for the whole 600 pounds is
iwered so as to allow for 30 pounds
Nw, the average farmer instead of
? putting 470 pounds of lint cotton and
30 pounds of bagging into a 500
peund bale, puts in 478 pounds of
c ?tton and 22 pounds of bagging?
thereby putting in 7 extra pounds of
12 1-1 cent cotton worth $1 instead of
I I pounds of bigTlng and tie* v.or'.li
Moreover, all the evidence goes to
show that if the farmer does not put
on full 30 pounds tare to each 500
pound bale, the exporter adds the ex?
tra 8 or 10 pounds in second-hand
bagging and makes the extra dollar
that really belongs to the farmer. At
a meeting of foreign manufacturer*
with representatives of the Farmers'
Union in Washington City a year or
two ago, the manufacturers Inquired:
"Why is it that when cotton leaves the
farmer's gin it has only 20 to 22
pounds of tare, but has 31 pounds by
the time it reaches us?" This is the
Put on bagging to the full 6 per
cent limit. Mr. Ransom Hinten, a
well known North Carolina cotton
grower, illustrates the matter very
clearly when he says: "Suppose you
were carrying a box of meat to mar?
ket and you knew they would knock
off thirty pounds from the .gross
weight for the weight of the box:
wouldn't you be foolish to use only
a 20-pound box Instead?give them
10 pounds of meat Instead of 10
pounds of box?"
Even so It is .with the farmer who
gets pay for cotton on a basis of 30
ties while he puts on only 20 pounds,
pounds deduction for bagging and
ties while he puts on only 20 pounds.
Put on all the bagging and ties that
you can buy for 3 1-2 cents a pound
and sell for 12 1-2 cents.?Editorial
in Progressive Farmer.
THE MURRAY REQUISITION.
From Illinois Without Georg? W.
Murray, Governor of That State
'Having Postponed Action for 30
Mr. J. H. Orady, who was sent to
Sspringneld. 111., by Gov. Ansel as a
special agent of the State of South
Carolina bearing requisitions on the
Governor of Illinois for the extradi?
tion of George W. Murray, has re?
turned without his prisoner. The
Governor of Illinois refused to honor
the requisition on the perjury charge
on which Murray has not been tried,
and postponed action for thirty days
on the requisition on the forgery
charge, on which Murray was tried,
convicted and sentenced to serve
three years in the penitentiary. Thlr
postponement was granted on petition
Of Murray's attorneys, former U. S.
Senator W. E. Mason and his son,
who asked for time in which to make
,a fu'ler showing and to preset t. pe?
titions from citizens of Sumter OOUP
ty and other sections of South Caro?
lina, who are opposed to ibe extradi?
tion of Murray. Within the thirty
days this petition will be presented to
Cov. Ansel with the request that Mur?
ray be pardoned and the ca^e ended.
Mr. Crady says there has bean .Quito
a furor worked up in some circle* hi
Chicago and vicinity over the Murray
case and many preachers are interes'.
hrg themselves very actively in Mur
ray's behalf, I large delegation hav?
ing called on the Governor to protest
against his honoring the requisition
of GOV, Ansel. The sentiment in
Murray's favor has been fostered on
the allegation that be is the victim
of persecution on account of racial
and political prejudice. Mr. Orady
sayi that he was told that $100,000
would be raised in Chicago, if that
amount is needed, to tight the extra?
dition of Murray. There is no doubt
that Murray will not be brought back
to South Carolina without a hard
fight. But the Governor of Illinois
did not hesitate to say that he would
honor the requisition in the forgery
case, as it is an iron-clad case.
Pending the bearing which has
been postponed for thirty days, Mur?
ray was released on his personal rec?
ognizance, without bail, by the order
of the Governor Of Illinois.
Almost eighty years of potatoes,
cabbage, corn ami onions. Never a
taste of meat, clam or lobster. Rev.
Henry S. Clubb, eighty-three years
old, president of the Vegetarian So?
ciety of America, resident of Phila?
delphia and temporary feojourner in
Greenland, ll hale, hearty and hap?
by I. Hamtnirger & Sons
WE are willing that the clothes we sell should shoulder their own burden of
proof. Let them do their own talking, if you please. When it comes to
designing, styling, inside and outside tailoring, we unhesitatingly claim
our Smart Suits and Overcoats for Young Men and Boys represent the very highest
examples of latter-day tailoring and clothes - quality at fair prices.
We guarantee satisfaction. Our Fall stock is ready for your inspection.
Suits, Isaac Hamburger Make, $20 $30
= OTHER M&KES $10, $12.50. $15, $18.50 AND $20. = =
=S Sumter Clothing Co.
SIX PEIt CENT MONEY.
Sum t er Savings Bank Off eis Cheap
Money on Cotton 'Warehouse Cer?
The Sumter Savings Bank makes
an? announcement today that marke a
decided step in advance in the bank?
ing business and that will be hailed
with satisfaction by farmers who
store cotton in the warehouse for the
purpose of ' borrowing money and
holding for higher prices. When a
farmer can obtain money at 6 per
cent on his stored cotton he is in a
better position to hold for a prospec?
tive advance in price than when he
has to pay 8 per cent. The Sumter
Savings Bank has taken the lead in
providing cheap money for its cus?
tomers and they will doubtless appre?
Hon. O. C. Scarborough, of Sum
merton, who was here Thursday on
his way home from a business trip,
furnished some Information concern?
ing the storm c mr ? at his planta?
tion on Santet near Sum
merton. He received a telephone
message stating that the storm,"
Tuesday night, blew down his barn
and stables, killing seven mules out?
right and injuring two others so
seriously that they will have to be
killed. His heaviest Iofs, however, was
the damage to his crop. A great deal
of cotton on the placeh ad not been
picked over the first time, and In fields
where the pickers were getting 800
to 10^0 pounds, three fourths of the
open coaon was blown away. It is
estimated that Mr. Scarborough's loss
on the cotton crop alone will exceed
WANTED?A settled lady to assist
With housekeeping and caring for
children. Apply Mrs. E. R. Conk?
er, 110 Church St. 10-6-lt. W.-lt
WANTED?To buy a large quantity
of short or long leaf pine logs. Eith?
er f. o. b. cars Sumter or f. o. b.
car at shipping point. Correspond?
ence solicited. Sumter Lumber Co.
FOR SALE -At Cotton Warehouse in
Sumter, 300 bushels Appier Seed
Oats 75 cents per bushel there or
F. O. B. cars. Write or phone. Jno.
Li. Frtersou, No. 3 Ii. F. D., Sum?
ter, S C. 9-18-3t; W. 2t.
FOR BALE?Several pure bred Berk?
shire Gilts, as pretty as pictures.
Too fine for pork if any farmer
needs to improve his stock. Prices
12c pound gross wt. Weigh from
150 to 200 lbs. Will be bred, if de?
sired, but do not advise it on O. K.
in breeding. There is more and
quicker money In good hogs with
meat so high, than any other live
stock. Also several milch cows*
will sell at bargains before calv?
ing. R. W. Dabbs Mayrsville. B.
C. 9 IS-IW
I ?O F AT RE? I
. ? Of . THE? -
O'DONNELL 6 CO
These Chilly Mornings
Are gentle reminders of the near approach of Winter,
and that means more bed covering. When you find
that you cannot longer defer the purchase of blankets,
do not forget that this is the
Home of the Tar Heel?
The Greatest Blanket Ever Put on the
Market for the Money.
13 cent cotton has not affected the price of
of them because they are strictly
In fact we are selling them now as cheap as
we did when cotton was 5 cents.
We have cheaper Blankets from 75c to $3 pair.
Children's Crib Blankets $1.50.
A Full Line of Comfortables from 75c to $7.50 each
O'DONNELL 6 CO.
For th? Y. M. C. A.
A public meeting Will be held in
the Opera H?UM Sunday afternoon.
17th inst., at half past three o'clock,
In the interest of the local associa?
tion. Mr. O. C. Huntington, Inter
State Secretary for the two Carolinas
will deliver an address. No subscrip?
tions will be solicited at the meeting.
Tbc ministers of the city are Invited
to occupy seats on the stage with the
Executive Committee. The singers of
the various churches are requested to
A large meeting is desired and
there will be a hearty welcome for
S. H. EDM UNDS.
C. M. HURST, President.
Col. Thomas Wilson has purchased
the Oelgar Hose Co. lot from the city.
The lot has a frontage of 6T> feet on
East IJberty street and a depth of
110 feet. The price paid was $100 B