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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 09, 1909, Image 7',
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rix; job for frekmasonh.
Thr* Suggestion to Rebuild Solomon's
The suggestion coming not long
?go from Boston, that the Free?
mason* of the world should unite In
rebuilding the Tempi * or Solomon at
Jerusalem, moves the Illustrated Lon?
don News to wonder whether the ori?
ginators of the scheme hare countei
Of course the Interest of the Mo?
nom Is due to the belief that their
order was founded by King Solomon
and that he was Its first Grand Mast?
er. But that claim would perhaps
not seem very weighty to the Mos?
lems, to whom the site of the great
temple now belongs.
It la now occupied by the Harem
Beh-8hereef. "the noble sanctuary."
To the Moslem this place Is only less
sacred than Mecca and Medina, for It
It la believed to cover the rock which
to retarded by them as the centre of
the earth, the spot from which Mo?
horns* started when he visited Heav?
Aside from the difficulty of per?
suading the Moslem world to yield
one of the most sacred spots to the
Boston Freemasons, there would seem
to be something too stupendous even
for bran fed audacity In the idea of
building another Solomn's temple.
Just by way of showing what the
suggestion Involves. It may be re?
marked that Solomon had 30.000 men
out cutting timber for his new
They were divided Into ten shifts.
Tt?n thousand went to Mount Leban?
on for one month and were two
months at home. There were 70,000
men who carried the stones and there
10,000 stono cutters in the
m mountains. Theas men had 3.300
foremen. Stonecutters quarried
?nermous blocks several cubltc each
We?, for the foundations, and Atted
them together before they were tak
en to Jerusalem, In this work they
were aided by workmen sent by Hlr
Bfcan. King of Tyre.
The Temple was divided Into two
portions?the main building, "the
Houee of God." and the subsidiary
buildings by which It was surrounded.
The main building was rectangular
In shape?60 oubtts long, 20 cublU
*^road end 10 cubits high, taking the
Cubic feet respectively. The walls of
the first story wore between t and
It feet thick; those of the second
7 ?-4 feet, ot the third story 7 1-2
feet and of the fourth story, ? feet.
On three sides, north, west and
M+oeth. the Temple was surrounded by
? side building in three stories con?
taining side chambers. The height
of each story from floor to celling
wae 7 1-1 feet The number of side
ohambers si given by Use kiel as 80
^or St for each story. They were
Vpmall. used for the storage of Tem
W ele furniture, etc. The Temple was
surrounded by a court?the inner
court. This was surrounded by a wall
of throe course* of hewn stone sur?
mounted by a course of cedar beams.
The entire citadel was enclosed by
njbto great court, in front of the Tem?
ple stood the two pillars made by Hi?
ram of Tyre and called Jachln
(meaning "to establish") and Boas
<*1n strength"). They were about 36
feet high, hollow of brass four
Round about them was network
^Oterwoven with small palms made of
brass, to which we hung 300 pome?
granates In two rows* They were
made hollow that they might he used
as receptacl-s for documents, etc.
i j? h c olumns were quite common In
the temples of Baal.
^jsV^--<ir the columns was the Melted
Hen. so named on account of Its size.
It was 1'> feet In diameter and Just
half as high It was said to have been
capable of containing 2.000 "baths'*
or lt.010 gallons. It was made or
?tn or copper captured by David
m Tlbhath and Chun, cities of Ha
cMresar King of Zobah The brim
mmm wrought "like to the brim of a
cup with flowers of lilies;" that Is,
curved oitward like a lily or a lotus
flower. It stood on twelve oxen over
Mkr sised. three turned to each corn
wof the heavens and all looking out?
ward. It was a hand breadth thick,
about fojr Inches. How the "sea"
was Ailed or emptied Is not stated.
There were ten lavors, quadra"gu
lar In shape, supported on wheeled
Jfegons t feet long, 6 broad and 4 1-2
high The lavors wen* used for the
wat-r with which the entrails of the
hessta used for burnt offering* JVere
cleaned, and also their feet. The lav?
ors on the wagons came nearly up to
the level of the great brazen altar.
In the forecourt?due east front the
iQblple entrance?stood the great al
Pff of burnt offerings. It was madsl
of brss*), was 30 feet long, 30 feet
broad and t6 feet high. To the ser?
vice of the altar blonged a great
many utensils of brass.
It Is stated In Chronicles that the
Whole temple was overlaid with gold.
SB quantity of gold for the most
l> house?the oracle?was 600 tal?
ent- If the same system was adopt?
ed In the outer part 2.700 talents
moat have been required. It Is diffi?
cult to estimate the value of the gold,
f .r the Babylonian gold talent was
worth ?6.150 If "heavy," and ?3,075
If "light." If "heavy." the gold used
In the oracle was worth ?3,690,000;
and that In the other part of the tem?
ple, ?16.605.000. Th j value of the
whole of the gold used In the temple,
the thickness of the gold on the wain?
scoting, and the value of the precious
stones used are unknown.
The golden ornaments included the
great candlestick with seven lights,
symbols of the divine presence; sev?
en being the number of perfection.
Tm reductd copies of this candle*!
stick were made and ranged on each
side of the altar of incense. Besides
these there were the ark, to hold the I
tables of the law, the table for the I
shewbread. candlesticks, censers,
tongs, snuffers, knives, extinguishers,
trays, vases and other utensils for |
trimming and making the lights and
fires. In number unknown; also ba- '
sins, spoons, censers, entry for the
house, Inner doors of the most holy
place, and the doors of the house of
There were great numbers of tables,
One was large and made of gold, and
on it were set the loaves of Qod.
There were 10.000 others that resem?
bled this, for the vials and cups.
Those of gold were 20,000 and those
of silver 40.000. There were 10,000
candlesticks, according to the com?
mand of Moses, one of which was
dedicated for the temple that it might
burn In the daytime.
The: e wero 60,000 gold basins.
120,000 silver ones, 20.000 gold cen?
ters, 80.000 pouring vessels?in short,
there was enough of an establishment
to keep Boston hustling for some
time to come.
NEWSPAPER MAN DIES.
John R. O'Donnell, Long With the
New York Herald, Passe? Away.
New York, Oct. 5.?John R. O'Don?
nell, who was successively night edi?
tor and news editor of the New York
Herald 'or many years, and one of
the most widely known newspaper
men of thi i city, died at his home here
today of eart disease. He was 56
vears of age. Mr. O'Donnell came
from \Vest Virginia to New York In
1874 and began his newspaper career
as compositor on the Herald.
As a president of the Typographi?
cal Union No. 6. In 1883 and 1889. he
conducted a vigorous fight against
one of the New York newspapers and
made this contest a feature of, the
presidential election then In progress
by opposing James O. Blalne.
Programme of King's Mountain Ex
The following is the programme of
exercises to be held at the dedication
of the King's Mountain monument
October 7th and 8th. \
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7TH.
Assembly, at half past ten o'clock
a. m. at Orand stand and around IHM
new monument erected by the Unltdd
States government, the several bands
playing in succession.
Calling of the meeting to order by
Col. Asbury Coward, Chairman of the
executive committee, and introduction
of Qov. M. P. Ansel of South Carolina
as presiding officer.
Invocatory Prayer by President S.
C. Mitchell of the South Carolina Uni?
The King's Mountain Centennlul
Lyric written by Mrs. Clara Dargan
Maclean, music arranged by Prof.
Llnebach. To he sung by entire au?
dience, led by the Yorkvllle Band un?
der the direction of Prof. R. J. Hern
Address of welcome and felicita?
tion, by Oovernor M. F. Ansel, of
8outh Carolina; W. W. Kitchen, of
North Carolina; M. R. Patterson, of
Tennessee, and J. E. Brown, of Geor?
Oration by Henry N. Snyder. of
Toast?The United States of Amer?
Response by Hon. D. E. Flnley.
member of congress of South Caro?
lina, and Hon. E. Y. Webb, member
of congress of North Carolina.
Doxology (long metre) sung by au?
dience with band accompaniment.
FRIDAY. OCTOBER 8TH.
Beginning at 9 o'clock oh the morn
Ing of Friday. October Sth, the corn
lined forces of the National Guard of
North Carolina, and south Carolina
will demonstrate for the benefit oft he
nubile generally, the battle of Kings
Mountain as originally fought by th
forces of the American and Hrlti-h
North Carolina Troops?First In?
fantry. N. G. of North Carolina, Col.
J. T. Gardner, commanding. First
Battery Field Artillery, N. O. S. ('..
Captain Robertson, commanding.
South Carolina Troops?Provision?
al Regiment composed of companies
from th?> 1st and 2nd Regiments of
Infantry. N. G. S. C. Col. W. W.
The entire programme will be car?
ried out under the supervision and
'direction of Gen. J. C. Boyd, Adjutant
I Oeneral. State of South Carolina.
There Is no duty on aeroplanes save
the duty of not tumbling too swiftly
to a waiting earth.?Brooklyn Eagle.
BANK MONOPOLY PROPOSED.
REPUBLICAN LEADERS WORK?
ING FOR GREAT CENTRAL
Ollt of the Greutest Legislation [>at
tles of He Decode Will BejJn When
Trust Crowd Favor Great Central
National Bank Which Will Increase
The Power of Standard Oil and Al?
lied Financial Interests.
Washington, Oct. 5.?The coming
congress must meet a situation born
of the panic of 1907. when the issue
of clearing house by the government
to supply sufflciont currency to nv et
the demands of the business Interests
the country was necessary, al- |
hough America's coffers were over-1
flowing with gold.
First among the various project!
that have been advanced as a proper
solution of the government's problem
stands the proposed national central
As it is the common belief that it
ill form the basis of tha curative
legislation to be recommended by the
monet?r*- commission and as Presi ?
ent Taft in his recent Boston speech
ignified his own favorable disposition
towards the project, it is timely to
lisclose to the public what is believ?
ed to be in the minds of the president
and the 18 members of the monetary
commission when they refer to the
"A bank of the people and vor the
people" is the definition of this ln
tltution made by George R. Rey?
nolds, president of ttu> American
Bankers' Association, in his Chicago
speech. He pointed out that the peo?
ple were to be the stockholders, for
any one would be privileged to buy
the bank stock Just as he might buy
A small interest on such an in?
vestment would be guaranteed by the
government; any earnings more than
sufficient to pay the guaranteed in?
terest would be shared by the govern?
ment and by the stockholders.
Political control of the great bank
would he made extremely difficult by
the life appointment of the officers.
Integrity of operation would be as- |
3ured by a board of supervisors, ap?
pointed by the president, the secre?
tary of the currency (subject to the
approval of the senate) for alternate
terms of at least eight years to
bridge over political mutations.
It is not Intended that the central
bank should support the credit of the
nation. If the national government
needs funds, it must continue to bor?
row money by sale of bonds.
The single purpose of the bank
would be to safeguard the business
interests of the people In their pri?
vate relations. If there were need for
more money for business purposes the
bank would supply it by notes and if
there were a plethora in dull times
these notes would be withdrawn rap?
Government assistance to the in?
stitution would be limited to the de?
posit with the central bank of gov?
ernment funds now in national banks.
There would be no interference with
the most profitable feature of the
banking business, for the central in?
stitution would not receive deposits
The question as to how the busi?
ness man is to benefit by a central
bank is said to be answered by the
statement that the project will in?
clude a provision for the acceptance
of good commercial paper as a basis
for the issue of money, such paper to
represent actual transactions between
solvent concerns?all short time cred?
its?and sure to be redeemed when?
ever the transaction, the sale and de?
livery, is concluded.
Such. In brief, is a bare outline of
the plan which, with manifold de?
tails, probable will be laid before con?
gress, as an accompaniment of the
report of the national monetary com?
mission. That it will meet with op?
position can not be doubted, and this,
too. In spite of the best efforts of the
administration to have the matter re?
garded as non-political.
The suggestion of a central bank
already has agitated deeply the great
bunking interests, the line of division
beginning at the last bankers' con?
vention in Chicago. Many of the
bank officers regarded the proposition
with deep suspicion.
They were told that no encroach?
ment upon their business was con
j tentplnted beyond the withdrawal (
from their vaults of the government's
funds, but they regarded the measure I
as the opening wedge for the destrne- ?
tion of the most lucrative portion of
their business and viewed with any?
thing but favor the plan whereby the
government bank was to enter into
competition for the enormous dis?
count operations which give them
very meat Influence In the industries
of the country.
Possibly their objections can In a
measure be weakened by a recourse j
to some other means of securing a !
basis for the Circulating notes of the ;
central bank than commercial paper, j
such as an enlarged reserve of gold
and silver, or even gilt-edged mort
gages on real property. But these '
very suggestions probably could call
forth B new army of enemies to com
bat the proposition.
U may be that the existing political
parties will be divided on this ques?
tion and that there will be a new
nllgnment in congress when it is
broached. Indeed, there is some rea?
son to believe that the administration
would prefer to wage the battle on
this basis, but the one assured fact is
that in the consideration of this sub?
ject congress in the near future will
plunge into one of the most prolong?
ed and hard-fought contests it has
known since the days of the "16-to
WALSH APPEAL DENIED.
Convicted Chicago Banker Must
Serve His Sentence.
Chicago, 111., Oct. 5.?John R.
Walsh, convicted of misapplication of
the funds of the Chicago National
Bank, must serve the sentence of five
years imprisonment imposed upon
him by the trial Jury, save in the
event that the Supreme Court upsets
the affirmation of the verdict of guil?
ty handed down by the United States
Circuit Court of Appeals here today.
Counsel for Mr. -Walsh in their ap?
peal laid the greatest stress on What
they alleged was a lack of criminal
intent upon the part of the defendant.
Tn the lengthy brief which they filed
much law was quoted to show that
the convicted banker, newspaper pub?
lisher and railroad owner used the
funds of the bank in what he consid?
ered a legitimate manner. The opin?
ion of the Court of Appeals, written
by Judge Humphrey and handed
down by Judge Grosscup, is brief and
confined almost wholly to the ques?
tion of criminal intent. The allegation
that Judge Parker was unduly In?
fluenced is dismissed with a word,
and but little more is wasted in elim?
inating the allegation of inconsistency
It is not Justice Harlan, now past
his seventy-sixth birthdpy, who thinks
of resigning from the United States
Supreme Court. He is so vigorous
and tireless that some of the younger
members of the court can not keep
pace with him.
W E ENDEAVOR to advance the
business interests of our customers in
every legitimate way. In so doing,
our motives may be somewhat tinc?
tured with selfishness, for, upon the
prosperity of its patrons hinges the
success of every bank.
First Nation! Bank, Sumter. S. C.
? h si en ???????? HMeewMMHiiBDi
The Small Depositor is
Welcome at This Bank
A hundred smail accounts make a bank stronger
than a dozen large ones. This is one of our rea?
sons for urging the man of limited means to trans?
act his business with us.
Large accounts are welcome too. for it is our
purpose to serve all classes, whether the
business be small or large.
5*2 Bank of Sumter
To Pittsburg, Pa., Return
Atlantic Coast Line.
Account Centennial Celebration International Christian Society
Churches of Christ In America. October llth-19th. Round trip
rate $27.25. Tickets on sale October 9th, 10th, 14th, and Octo?
ber 15th, final limit returning, October 25th, 1909.
For further information, call on Ticket Agent or write:
W. J. CKAIG, T. C. WHITE,
Passenger Traffic Manager. General Passenger Agent.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
A Word from
The Malleable Man
If this blow had. been delivered to an
ordinary range, it would have smashed
the top into a score of pieces. It has no
effect on my range, because it is made of
Malleable?the unbreakable iron. You
may say you do not expect to subject
your range to such treatment, but you must admit that this test demonstrates the strength
of my range under the most trying conditions.
There are Many Other Distinctive Features of
THE MMl^S RANGE
Any One of Which is Sufficient of Itself Why It's the Peer of all Ranges.
DROP IN THE STORE OF
DURAINT HARDWARE CO.
Any lime From Monday, October 10th to Saturday, October 16th, 1009.
You will be served with Three Minute Biscuits ?nd Delicious Hot Coffee and
be presented with a Beautiful Cook Book and a Useful Souvenir.
UfITU EAPU RAMPE purchased during this exhibit, you will receiv* free, a 07 en
ifllrl LMun riAilUL complete set of high grade cooking ware, well worth vfiOU
E can supply you with BAGGING and TIES.
Call and get our prices before you buy.
We know that we can save you money on these articles besides J JpvingrJyou
goods that have quality.
Don't forget us when you are ready ',to purchase.
A. Ae Strauss ? Co.,
25 NORTH MAIN STREET.
South CJ?l r o 1 in a.