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LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
of la thront From all Parts of
If OTIC K TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mail your letters so that they will
lessen this office not later than Mo..
Say whan Intended for Wednesday's
and not later than Thursday
ty's Issue. This, of course,
only to regular correspond
Ia oaae of items of unusual
"value, send In immediately by
telephone or telegraph. Such
are acceptable up to the
to press. Wednesday's
?s printed Tuesday afternoon
irday'a paper Friday after
Corner, Oct. S.?We have
having some One weather for
Last week was an ideal
far cotton picking, haying, etc.
It wan surely made use of. There
eaaaa excellent hay saved here
Cotton will soon all be gath
corn gathering la progress
well. The erop will be a lit
than was expected in Au
that Is the stock variety,
aw vary short. Cane has Improv
rfolly since the rains set in
three weeks ago. We had a
rain here this evening accom
wtth very heavy thunder.
J. Pant Broadway, of the firm
Brothers, lumber men.
was accidentally killed
by a pleee of timber
an him, while he and others
snoring some large pieces of
Mr. Broadway wss a mem
the Calvary Baptist church
I n Mason. He was unmar
I leave ne sick to report this week,
b*. Harry Christmas has got so he
en walk around ggdab by using s
Weak Scott, of Can* Savannah
relatives here Sunday and
last, returning home this af
aocompanled by her broth
-era. One and Charlie Weeks.
A young man said to me today that
1 neust get a move on myaalt. I told
Van t was moving something, (a
aahLhfbrfc in a hay pile) which I think
npfsl be remembered longer than a
www wajfaw'tfrHlleil py my old feeble
especially, this winter by m\
Thn? makes me think or "Cuf
who saw a vision, C. O. P. C.
ha thought meant "Cuffle go
Christ." So he tried preaching
while and then he quit. say
Mar he had made a mistake; that the
*?. O. P. C. stood for either "Cuffle
w* Piaar cow* or "CuiBe go pick cot
naw." 80 perhaps I have made a mis?
take, (wh'ch I think I have) when I
falned the P. p.'s (pencil pushers). I
batter had stuck to pitchfork push?
es, peanut or pea picking. But Solo
?new eayu, though thou should bra>
? float with a pestle In a mortor with
yet his fooltahneae will not de
frotn him, or words to that ef
80 I think I have shown my
ieae about long enough,
sr. J. N. Tolar preached a very
resting and Instructive sermon at
last Sunday night on the
of Doubting, from John the
SM and ISth.
Wall tomorrow Is circus day In
year city, bat I don't expect to see it,
am I hmve not been to a circus in 20
On. fth. Later there was a very
?vy rain here last night.
Mr. Broadway was burled this
M at Home Branch church.
Oct. f.?A severe storm of
rain and hall paased over this
last evening about '8 o'clock,
and houses went down before
%L The destruction to cotton is great.
PVes ware stripped of leaves, also col
two. whara it was the seveepst.
On Mr. J. U GillkV place a dwelling
waa blown down, burying un
HDtjih Bennett, wife and child
old aaan Jake Hyatt, all col
Thry are bady hurt.
JL st Mer^eod had a new cook
attached to his home blown
and aavaral out houses badly
His cotton and pea crop is
Alle? Jenkins' place the
to crop la great. As far ae
t have heard, damage exists. The
fall of blown down treea
roads are blocked with
Tata Is the worse storm we
years, the wind heat the
vain Into the houses and many have
The down pour of wa
big hall was something un
el far this time of the year. The
cloud came from northwest und
display of electricity was grand.
glatthvllle, Oct. ?.?Mr. James Rob?
ertson, an ex-Confederate veteran,
d<?*# st hfs home on la?t Sumluy night
a A er an illness of four months. He
waa very quiet and unassuming and
ort? of the most Industrious men
writer haa aver seen. He had
bsen a consistent member of St.
John's Methodist church for many
years. He died with an abiding fulih
in Christ. He left a wife, three sons
and two daughters to mourn his V ss*
We extend to the bereaved ones our
heart felt sympathy in this their sad
The interment took place yesterday
at St. John's church. The funeral was
conducted by Rev. J. E. Strickland,
pastor of the church and Rev. T. L.
Cole of the Baptist church. The de?
ceased was 82 years of age. Rev. and
Mrs. B. M. Robertson and Mr. and
Mrs. Joel E. Davis came Monday
night to attend the funeral of their
father. Mr. and Mrs. Davis returned
home immediately after the funeral,
but Rov. and Mrs. B. M. Robertson
will spend a few days with his moth?
Mrs. T. D. Foxworth spent last
Wednesday and Thurdaday with Mrs*
Manton McCutchen of Bishopvllle.
The Smlthville school* opened lft?1
Monday. Miss Aline Hunter, of Sum
ter is principal. Miss Belle McCutch?
en Is assistant teacher.
Rev. T. L. Cole spent laut Monday
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Robertson vis?
ited Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Dunlap last
Max. Oct. 7.?Mrs. Evander lllr
by s condition continues unimproved.
Mr. David Cole has gone to Balti?
more to accompany home his aunt.
Mrs. J. P. Truluck. who Is at John
Mr. and Mrs. Q. W. Graham are re
joying over a first daughter.
Mrs. Harvey Coker Is improving af?
ter a tedious and critical Illness.
Mr. O. W. Hlcks and daughter, of
New Zion, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Lewis,
of Lake City, and Mrs. Julia Kirby
O'Neil from Florida, visited rela?
tives about here last week.
Miss Annie Brocklngton attended
the missionary Institute In Darlington
as delegate from Bethel's Woman's
The weather has been Ideal for
gathering crops and the farmers have
made good use of the time.
Harmony Presbytery Is in session
at Beulah church, Olanta.
Work In rebuilding the mill is pro?
We had a much needed rain Wed?
Mr. L. Langst on was given license
to preach by Bethel Church last Sat?
urday, and will soon enter the South- I
ern Baptist Seminary. Louisville Ky.
Q. W. Truluck and J. F. Kelly have
returned to the Medical College.
Mr. J. Wilbur Hlcks has entire I
:he University of Chicago.
CHARLESTON JUBILEE FESTIVAL
South Carolinians Front the Four
Quarters of. the state Invited.
Rejoicing in the promise of a com
merclai rejuvenation which is to
make it the chief coal-distributing
point of the South Atlantic Statesand
one of the greatest ports of the coun?
try, Charleston, coming at last into
its own, is inviting the people of
South Carolina, and of every part ??f
South Carolina, to visit "the C'ty by
the Sea," during ttw week of Octo?
ber 2C-30 and help the people 0?
Charleston enjoy the jubilee festival
**hlch Is being arranged for that time
and which has back of rt the leading
business and professional men of the
With three great coal-carrying rail?
ways heading for Charleston, new
and adequate facilities for handling
cotton shipments being provided for.
new steamship lines being added an?!
others promised, the new navy yard
In operation and doing tine work, the
future has nev?.r been so bright 20T
Charleston as at present, and Char
lestonlans are convinced that these
matters are of deep interest to the
people of ull South Carolina and that
;hey will directly affect the welfare
Of the entire State.
It Is desired, therefore, to bring the
people of Charleston and the people
of all other parts of South Carolina
Into the closest possible touch and
I sympathy, and it Is for this reason
that the present festival is being giv?
en, with leading business men promis?
ing a financial support for it which
will make all the varied amusement
Interest will centre in the five
great musical concerts, for which a
chorus of more than two hundred
voices is being trained, und in which
one of the finest orchestras of the
country will make its initial appear?
ance In the South. Accompanying this
great organization, the Russian Sym?
phony Orchestra, which during the hist
tWO or three years has firmly estab?
lished Its fame in the North and
West, will be a number of eminent
soloists, selected with special care for
their fitn ss for the numbers em?
braced In the musical programme nr
ranged for the concerts to be given
(Charleston hopes to have the pleas?
ure of entertaining many thousands
of the people of South Carolina dur?
ing the festival week, and promises
to all of them a reception of the ut?
FERTILISER RATES DISCUSSED.
Railroad Olluuils Api>eal to Commis?
sioner Not to Make Reduction as
The Railroad Commission held a
very important meeting Tuesday.
The importance of the meeting was
in a measure indicated by the large
attendance of railway men. The
meeting was called for the purpose of
discussing the matter of fertilizer
rates. The railroads feel that the
proposed reduction in the fertilizer
rates will mean much to their reve?
nues and the cut in rates is uncalled
for; that it will do the farmers no
good, and that while they are making
many arrangements they might be
spared the reduction.
The railroad authorise;1, figure that
the reductions that ha\ s been made
in fertilizer rates mean a cut of about
12 or 14 per cent. The commissioi:
does not think the cut is so serious.
The commission promulgated a cir?
cular, which was to have gone into
effect in Sept. 15. The railroads re?
garded the reductions as so serious
and were so much interested in the
proposed reduction that they asked
for a rehearing. This was granted,
and that was the occasion for the
gathering and arguments Tuesday.
The fullest sort of publicity was
r'ven. The commission wants to ge?
all possible information and is anx?
ious to do the right thing in the prem?
ises. The railroads regard the reduc?
tion in fertilizer rates, if made, with
such concern that they took much
more than usual pains. Generally
matters discussed before the commis
sion are talked over in an offhand
way. But the Importance of the is?
sue was emphasized by the care with
which the arguments they presented
were prepared. Those favoring the
reduction in rates have a circular out?
standing. Tuesday the railroad folks
had their Inning to show why th<
proposed rates should not be made
effective, and it remains for the com?
mission to work out the problem af?
ter considering both sides. The argu?
ments on the part of the representa?
tives we're presented with the utmosl
Mr. A. \V. Anderson, general super?
intendent of the Charleston & West
em Carolina railway, who is" a prac
tical man and who understands tin
railroad business from one end to th?
other and has felt where the sh<"
pinches, made a strong appeal to tin
commission to let well enough alone
and not reduce the rates at this time
The commission took the whole
matter under advisement at the con?
clusion of the various arguments. The
decision in the case will be announced
The position taken by those who
wished the fertilizer rates lowered
was that no new facts had been
brought ou$-?<?4 the* hearing and that
the decision of the commission pre
vlously made and announced should
St nator Weston stated in his brief
informal argument that South Caro?
lina was being discriminated against
in the matter of fertilizer rates and
that this was what his side contend?
ed for?a reduction in the rates to
make them in line with the rates
rho. :. t'j exitt in some of the other
Tin* commission having Issued tit?
order, Senator Weston claimed thh
should stand unless some new matte
bad been brought out, which he con?
tended had not Iteet) the case.
He repudJUted the "insult to the
senate" that the body was bought,
calling this a "gratuitous insult."
Mr. Weston intimated that something
like a State-wide fertilizer factory
might he the result of rates he claim?
ed were discriminatory, although he
hoped the farmers would not be
made- to do this.
Representative W. W. Dlxon made
o brief argument along the same
lines, claiming discrimination against
the State in the rates.
Senator Alan Johnstone also argu?
ed that unless new facts had been
brought to the attention of the eom
mission, their former decision should
not be changed.
PERRY AND DORN FIXED.
fudge Memnuoger Takes Act.'.ou hi
Case ol John Black Trial.
I Columbia, Oct. 7.?J. D. Perry, the
J .'-.ro- In the H at k case, who convers
I ed With his clerk. C. M. Dorn, from
the lOiins of the jurymen, appMred
s/Pn his clerk Im'ore Judge Meronttn*
?,cr yostcrtfb) looming. Perry we*
floej mm lorfelted his pay a< u
juryman for his Indiscretion, anJ
IDorn wns taxed $10 for his share of
There's hardly any way a man can
make himself more unpopular than
deliberately trying to win popularity.
?New York Press.
There is no possible doubt about
whether Dr. Cook beat Peary in the
dash to the lecture platform.?Wash?
IThe beginning of excellence is to be
free from error.?Quintillian.
DASH TO SOUTH POLE BY ENG?
Plans Are Well Arranged?Problem
Or Winter Transportation is Diffi?
cult of Solution and This Important
Feature Receives Much Attention?
Objects of Expedition.
London, Oct. 5.?Capt. Scott has is?
sued his itinerary for his proposed
dash for the South Pole next year.
The main object of this expedition is
to reach the South Pole, and to secure
for the British empire the honor o*
that achievement. Base hitherto used
is in McMurdo sound, and it might at
first appear natural to confine a fresh
effort to this region. But the cause
of science and the tradition of British
exporation make it desirable that ev?
ery fresh effort should be directed to
breaking new ground. For this rea?
son it is proposed to endeavor to es?
tablish a second base on King Ed?
ward VII Land, 400 miles to the east
of McMurdo sound.
The new buse may be difficult to es?
tablish a second base on King Ed?
ward VII Land exposed to the full
rigor of the Antarctic climate, but, on
the other hand, its distance from the
I Pole will be no greater than that of
J the McMurdo sound base, and the re
I gion about it is entirely unknown.
I The attack on the Pole will be made
I from one or other of these bases, ac
I erding to circumstances.
The problem of reaching the South
I Pole from a wintering station is a
J problem of transport. The distance
I to be covered, there and back is about
I 1,500 miles; the time at disposal in n
I single season is about 150 traveling
I days. An average of ten miles a day
I can be easily maintained by men.
I provided that adequate transport ar
j rangements are made.
There are three means by which
I the traction for heavy sledge loads
I can be provided, ponies, dogs and mo
I tors; and each must be considered,
I not only with regard to capacity of
I work, but also with respect to the
I changes in the nature of the track to
I which reference has been made. Mr.
I Shackleton has shown the brilliant
I results, which may be achieved b>
I pony traction on the Barrier surface.
I but he has also shown their unsuil
I ability for work on glaciers. Dogs, ii
I not overladen, could be used for gla
I clef work, and might travel the whole
J distance to the Pole If properly nus
I banded by being lightly laden am
J well fed on the lower plateau.
The motor sledge is a new develop
j ment, and bids fair to become the
I most promising means of Polar trans
I port. As a result' of two years' exper
I ir.ient, a motor sledge has been evol
I ved which has undergone satisfactory
I trial on the snows of Norway. The
I motor sledge's advantages may bl
j briefly stated as follows: First, it If
I vapnble of accompli hing more work
for the fuel expended than either tin.
j pony or the dog. Second, it expend
I no fuel when not actually in u:-c
J Third, it is sufficiently long to bridj.ii
I dangerous crevasses.
J The plan of the journey to th<
I iOUth Pole from Kitig Edward Vli
I Land includes the use of the threi
j means of sledge traction described?
j ponies will be taken in sufficient nttlg
I bers to ensure a thoroughly adequa'<
I amount Of food being taken to the
I base of the glacier. A dog team, with
I a relay of men. will transport tin
I loads over the glacier surface, and a
I picked pa?*ty of men anei dogs Will
j make the final dash across the inland
I Ice sheet.
Motor sledges will, according t<
j their proved capacity, be a mail
I agent or useful auxiliary to the trans
I port plan. If they reach the foot of
j the glacier there can be little doub'
j tht y will ascend it. and greatly sim
I olyfy the difficulties of the furthe?
I Journey. If they fail to reach the
j rlacier, they will, at least, as far av
j they can be taken, relieve the ponie
I and dogs of weights, and increase the
J safety of the return journey.
The scientific ol jects of the expe
I dition may be briefly stated as fol
Geographical?To explore King Ex
I ward VII Land, to throw furthet
j light on the nature and extent of thu
1 Great Barrier ice formation, and t<
j continue the survey of the higl
J mountainous region of Victoria Land
j Georgraphical?To examine the en
I tirely unkonwn region of King Ed
J ward VII Land and to continue tin
I survey of the rocks of Victoria Land
J Meteorolgical?To obtain syn
j ochronous observations at two fixee;
j stations, as well as the weather rec
I ords of sledge Journeys.
FREE FLOWER SEED.
Congressman Lever Has a Few Pack?
ages for Distribution.
I will thank you to announce
through the columns of your paper
that the Department of Agriculture
has allotted two thousand package?
of tlower seed to me for distribution
In our district. So long as the sup?
ply shall last, I shall be glad to send
a package to any lady who will write.
Rittklng known her wishes.
A. F. LEVER.
M. C. 7th Dlst.. S. C,
Lexington, s. c, Oct 6, i90i*.
GOOD ROAM MEN MEET.
Tive Hundred Miles of Impro\etl
Highways G? Southern Appala?
Asheville, N. C. Oct. 5.?The per
manent organization of the Southern
Appalachian Good Roads Association, j
with Joseph Hyde Pratt, State gcolo- ;
gist, as president and W. [* Spoon. !
of the North Carolina highway com* j
mission, as secretary, was the feature
Of this afternoon's session of the
Southern Appalachian Good tionde
Congress. Vice Presidents of the As?
sociation will be later chosen from
each State in the section affected. Ad?
dresses were made by Henry A.
Brown, president of the East Tennes?
see Good Roads Association; Mr. W.
S. McCallie, State geologist of Geor?
gia; M. L, Shipman, commissioner of
labor and printing in this State, and
Prof. W. C. Riddick, of this State.
A reception was given to delegates
and goests at the Battery Park Ho?
"There is no magical way of get?
ting good roads and the people mu&t
go down in their pockets and bear
the expenses if they want them," said
Governor Kitchin, of North Carolina,
In welcoming the delegates to the
congress this morning. Governor Kit
chin added that the question of good
roads was not a new one, that the
Romans had built good roads, roads
that have lasted for more than one
thousand years. He said that the Ro?
mans appreciated the value of good
highways, not only for purposes of
war, but for the development of com
Dr. Jos. Pratt, of North Carolina,
wan elected permanent chairman of
the congress, and E. J. Watson, of
South Carolina, was chosen secretary.
Dr. Pratt in opening the congress
stated that the purpose of the gather?
ing was to devise ways and means for
building five hundred miles of good
roads in the Appalachian Mountains,
with connecting links leading to
South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee
and Virginia. W. J. Cocke, welcomed
the delegates on behalf of the city.
Col. D. Cameron, president of the Na?
tional Agi icuttural Society, spoke on
the subject of "Federal Aid to Post
The congress then adjourned until
2:'60 o'clock this afternoon.
There are about one hundred and
seventy-five delegates from North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Tennessee and Virginia present.
FIGHTERS FINED $2.50 EACH.
Editor Hearon. of Spartanburg Her?
ald, ant! C. O. Smith Pay for Scrap?
Spartanburg, Oct. 6.?Mayor Floyd
did not think that the fight between C.
O. Hearon and C. O. Smith was I
.cry big affair, tor he imposed only
the light tine of $2.50 on each. Mr
rloaron Is editor of the ?pertanburf
Herald, and lir. rmith was formerly
chairman of the dispensary board of
control! The scrap took place in I
store and did not amount to a hill of
beans, neither drawing blood or mak?
ing a scratch. Nobody was hurt, no?
body killed, and in fact H was such a
small affair that the police did not
know whether to make out cases or
STORM AT PISGAH.
High Wands Do Serious Damage in
Spring Hill Section.
A storm of almost cyclonic propor?
tions passed through the Pisgah
neighborhood Of the Spiing Hill sec?
tion of Sumter and Lee countie:
".bout 9 p. m.t Tuesday, destroying
considerable property and injuring
several persons, two of them serious?
Mr. John K. McLeod was the heav?
iest loser. His gin house and two
barns were blown down and kitchen
unroofed, and his crop practically
Mr. J. L. Gilljs also suffered severe?
ly in damage to crop and buildings.
Two tenant houses on his place wet>
blown down. Elisha Pennett and
wife, negroes, who occupied one Ol
these houses were caught in the
wreckage and seriously, if not fa
tally Injured. Jake Hyatt, a negro
tenant on Mr. MeLood's place wa*
?'?o painfully injured. The stable oi
Hampton Clarkson. colored. was
.down down and one of his mules so
seriously hurt that it will probabl)
have to I e killed.
The wind was accompanied by hail
ind a driving rain that penetrated
in?' walls and roofs of houses if
liny were made Of paper. Hou-e
that never leaked before, let in the
water that nl?ht like seives and fur?
niture and household effects were se?
riously damaged. The crops in the
fields were almost entirely annihilat?
ed in the path of the storm where
the wind raged fiercest. Cotton was
blown front the open bolls and car?
ried away, unopened bolls were
whipped off and the plants stripped
clean of bolls and foliage. The down
pour of rain washed the land and car?
ried along with the soil wagon loads
of cotton, cotton bolls and other de?
bris and deposited the whole mass
cf wreckage at the foot of the hills.
CHINESE NOT BUYING.
AmeYtOBBS Are in BMM PKglM as Rest
Oi Nations. *
Washington, Oct. 5.?America is
not ths only country that ir. not build?
ing up a thriving trade in China. The
Chinese are buying from no foreign?
ers in great quantities. That is the
view of Consul General Leo Bergholz,
of Canton. American travelers in |
China, after calling attention to the
immense resources and great popula?
tion, attribute the scant trade with
America to lack of enterprise on the
part of American merchants and
manufacturers, but tourists from
England and Germany are making
similar complaints regarding the
trade of their own countries, says^
Consul General Bergholz.
"Spurred on, then as all the coun?
tries are, by keen rivalry, the lack of
results must be attributed to some?
thing else than lack of enterprise, and
rightly so," says Mr. Bergholz. In
view of the fact that China has beerfl
following the same old customs for
several thousand years, he says we
can not be expected to cast them all
aside in a day.
It is stated that the demand for
machinery in China will increase a*
the country's standard of civilization I
rises, but there is little doubt that the
demand will be met by the ability of
th" Chinese to copy, with the aid of
foreign engineers, any model that
German and English practically con?
trol the Chinese market
The introduction of machinery into
China, no doubt, will be met with
some opposition, owing to the fact
that it will throw a large number of
people out of employment, as most of
the work is now done by hand.
DIAZ TO HONOR TAFT. f\
Celebrated Sliver Service to be Used
Mexico City, Oct. 5.?Mexico is pre?
paring to entertain President Taft on
a scale of royal magnificence such a*
has been seldom witnessed on thCj
North American continent.. ' ^
That all due honor may be done
the executive of the United States
when he comes across the Rio Grande
as the guest of President Diaz, or?
ders have been issued to have carried
to Ciudad Juarez the historical and
celebrated Presidential silver
plate, comprising a grea* portion of
the silver and china forming the
banquet service of Emperor Maximil
lian. On October 9 a special train
will leave here, carrying the banquet
service. The last time this service
was used was wrhen Elihu Root. S??*"*?^
retary ol State for the United States,
was entertained by President Diaz at
Chapultepec Castle. The set com?
prises several thousand pieces and ?
said to compare favorably in richness
end in sp'^ndor with the famed set
of the Old World royal families.
The custody of this famous stive*
will be in the hands of Alfredo Par
ron. official introducer of ambassad?
ors who will be in charge of all ar?
rangements tor the banquet to be ten?
dered on this side of the big river.
Mr. Barren will go with the special4
train and will take with him Epitacio
Amador, muitre d'hotel at the Na?
tional Palace, and Ramon Salgado,
concierge at the palace.
A special florist and huge quan?
tities of flowers will also be taken, the
intention to make the banquet hall osj
scene of floral beauty unsurpassed in
any function tendered in Mexico dur?
ing recent year*
The carriages to be used by Presi?
dent Diaz and his cabinet have al?
ready started for the border. Troops
which are to act as a guard of honor
during the meeting of the two execu^J
tives will leave some time this week.
Massive Grecian columns are being
erected in Juarez, along the streets
on which Presidents Taft and Dias
are to parade. The columns are to
be surmounted by huge eagles. Extra
forces of decorators and men in the
employ of the Mexican Federal gov?
ernment were set to work today to
complete the decorations in time. The
work is also being pushed on the
Benito Juarez monument so that Gen.
Diaz can lay the corner-stone of the
Jl 17.000 shait to the memory of th
man who forced Maximilan from ?he
MEETS SUDDEN DEATH.
Wire BlectraeoiOS A. P. Perham. Jr..^
lu Way cross Duriug Storm.
EVaycroes. Ga.. Oct. 6.?A. P, ? r*
hi ni. Jr.. editor of the Waycross H< r
t>ld, was Instantly killed in an dectrfe
?< rm <?f violence which svei?t over
this city today, destroying telephone
and telegraph wires and throwing
live wires about the streets. A num-f|
ber of horses, some of them fine an?
imals, met instant death in coming in
ee ntaet with the wires, while there
v as danger everywhere.
That no one met death except Mr.
Perham is regarded as surprising.
Mr. Perham was on the street near
th?* office of the Southern Express
Company when a wire dangling from
a pole struck him. He dropped to the
street dead. Mr. Perham was one of
the best known men of this section,
having been -n the newspaper busi?
ness here for years.