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HEB SITMTKR WATCHMAN. EMMI
otvollduted Aug. 2.188
Cbt WLitrl-.man anb Soutbnm.
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mm cottow mikeT
MAKUFACnT flKRS* ASSOCIATION
FA YOU CCRTAIUsTENT BY
Prtco of Cocsesi Two High?Director*
Of Ns sin aal OfgenTistson Soy Ihre
Is Wow Wo prows la Textile Work.
Chariot ts, N. C. Oct. t.-?That the
preoent disparity between the price of
cottow and cotton goods precludes the
possibility of the successful operation
of Southern mills Is the unanimous
opinion of the board of governors of
the American Cotton Manufacturers'
association which was In session near?
ly all day. Resolutions ware adopted
by the board setting forth this fact
and) appointing a committee of five to
fegenulatc a curtailment agreement
which every mill In the South will be
urged to sign. The following promt -
newt manufacturers were named as
thwojesmmlttee: L. W. Parker, Green?
vlttO. ?. C,; W. A. ttrwln. Durham, N.
C; *D. A. Tompkms, Charlotte, K. C:
K. A Smyth. Greenville, S. C.~. T. H.
Remnls. Fell Ctty. Ala,
Chario ts wan sal setsd as the place
Tor it 1? trusting of the association
wnlch will be held the fourth Tues?
day la May. Atlanta, RhYhmond. St.
JUm&s, Memphis and a half dosen
Cftleg eatsawaa Invitations.
of ewe CWtson Journal Donlr*
Asnoum lieft From Last Sen?
Atlanta; Ga.. 'Oct. S.?Henry S.
Reed, editor ef The Cotton Journal,
has Issued a statement about the al?
leged large stocks of that commodity
carried over and now held in reserve,
"Statement* have b<?en mads rela?
tive* to the ?normous stocks of cotton
etc. But the carry-over,
as shown in the following figures fnr
September i. ltOt. and Septemrer 1.
lOOt, was but normal.
"Spinners stocks In Great Britain
on September 1. ltOt, were 202.000,
Safes ws against 277,000 bales awl
September 1, a ysar ago. or an actual
shortage ?rt 71.000 bales this year as
compared -? Ith last.
,4fliplnsM9rs stocks on the continent
of Surofe September 1. 1000. aggre?
gated 1.814.000 bales against 1.181.*
000. Heffternbtr one year ago. ThW
Is an actual Increase of 1ST.000 bales,
making t*he increase In foreign stock*
September 1, 100t. over September 1.
1001. ?2.000 bales or enough to run
the continental mills three days, er
enough* to run English mills Ave days.
Th'e Rnglhih mills used 80.000 balee
per week during August. 1000. and
'?0.000 bales during August, 1008. The
Continental mills used 110,000 bales
per week during August, 1000. and
1008. The total weekly consumption
abroad during August. 1909. was 190.
000 bales agraJnst 172,000 during Au?
gust. I 008.*
NEW It \TF DATE POSTPONED.
Cluing** In Fertiliser Tariff Not to
Become Effective Vntll Nov. 1.
? olumbla. Oct. 8.?The effect!v*
date of the fertiliser tariff has been
postponed until November 1. The
tariff was to have gone Into effect on
October 12. At a recent meeting ??f
the railroad commission a number of
feVesentatlvcs of the roada of th*
State sppeared and asked that the
rates OS fertiliser be not redveed. Tht
commission put th?? date off so as to
have time to consider and Investlga
gats the question thoroughly.
SEVENTEEN MFX KU.LFD.
Freight Train Cratlie. Into Work
Train In Hansa?
? Topeks. Kas., Oct. 8.?Seventeen
persons were killed and ten severely
In/.ired In a collision between a freight
train and a construction train on the
Atehison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail?
road, near here today. 1 The dead are
eleven Mexicans, four section fore
nun and two brakemen.
?bed April, 1850.
'Re Just an
" GflilG HIGHER UP.
injunction gotten in tiik
Stockholders of the Carolina Agency
Sue Clark. Jon cm and Bryan nutl
i Garllngton Latrr?Alleged to Have
Dissipated $47,500 or Agency's Ak
j seta, Bestdes Changing $75,000
Block of Stock, Which Had Not Ye
Become Legally ilia.
Columbia. Oct. 8.?Injunction pro
| ceedlngs by the receivers and attor?
neys for the Seminole Securities Com?
pany against the officers and director*
of the Carolina Agency Company tal
liee up another sensation from the
Peminole-Carollna Agency Company
I The order from Judge Memmlnger
requires the defendants to show cause
on Monday why the receiver should
not be appointed and in the mean?
time all persons are restrained from
I further dissipating the assets or pro
' ceedlng any further with the suits
against the agency company.
The complaint alleges that John Y.
Garllngton. while treasurer of the
agency company, dissipate! $17,500 of
the agency's asrets in addition to
changing his $76,000 block of agency
stock, which had not become legally
his, for $75 000 of Semtnol.? stock,
the defendants, W. A. Clark, Wills
Jones and T. 8. Bryan, being Semi?
nole as well as Carolina agercy direc?
tors; that the only business of the
Carolina Agency Company was the
general agency of the Rome Mutual
Insurance Company and was wiped
out by the Rome Mutual cancelling
this agency contract, and that the
uuency company now has no income,
and Is dissipating the few hundr ?J
dollars It has left In ita treasury la
attorney fees In a suit against Oar*
llngton for llS.ltl, a salt against the
Rcme Mutual and a camre of act'.on
against its own officers t r failing to
require a bond of Garhngton white he
was treasurer as stipulated ty the by
la wc; that the agency company's of?
fice* have been closed and the books
onrt tarnte transferred to Mr. W. AJ
-mm pniJbn^ etft<
company responsible for tire strvlc*s
he is now rendering.
Paragraph 11 of the complaint says
that "the defendants, W. A. Clark.
Wille Jenes and T. S. Bryan, own and
control a majority of the tt:ock oi the
an id corporation and are themselves
the wrongdoers as hereinbefore and
The tffle of the proceedings Is E.
N. Chlslom. W. C. Fatrey, Tolson
Rtckenbaker. D. W. Vatger and A. C
Watson as Carolina agency stockhold?
ers, against the Carolina Agency Co..
W. A. Clark. Wille Jones, T. S. Bryan.
John Y. Garllngton, J. Fuller Lyon.
George 8. Legare. John R. Black,
Willie Stackhouee wnd T. A. A maker.
txfW it ate** rem wax festival.
Ttsftroeds Annosaace Price of Tickets
From Many To Hit*.
Charleston, Oct. 9.?^Extremely low
round trip rates 'between Charleston
and points in vthe States of North and
>*outh Carolina a*rd Georgia were an?
nounced yesterday by both the At?
lantic Coast Line and Southern Rail?
way companies, en account the Char?
leston Fall Festival, October 25 to 30.
The railways are eager to work hand
In hand with the general committee
of the coming Carnival, and willingly
made an exceptionally low rate from
points in three States in order to
bring a record-breaking crowd to
Charleston during the five days of
festivity. The excursion rates apply
to all points In South Carolina, all
points between and including Maxton.
Gibson, Wadesboro, Charlotte and
Asheville. N\ C. and Augusta and Sa?
vannah, together with Intermediate
points In Georgia.
Tickets will be on sale from Octo?
ber 25 to 31 inclusive, with a limit
to return up to, but not later, thr.n
midnight Of November 1.
i-'peclal low rates have also been
granted to military rompanies and
brass bands In uniform, travelling in
Partie? of twenty or more, from Co
lumbia. $2.00; Greenville. $4.80;
Green woodi $4.40; sumter, ii.su;
.-'p:trtanhurg. $4.4.'.; Xewberry. $3.4.".
Correspondingly low rates from other
School Association Meeting.
There will be a meeting of thn Ru?
ral School Improvement Association
on Saturday, Oct. 16th in the grand
Jury room of the Court House. In
addition to regular programme, there
will be an Item of business which will
be of interest to every teacher In the
? ountry. All teachers are invited to
MISS E. W. McLEAN,
id Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aim
ER. S. C, WEDMESE
MHO CHAMPIONSHIP SERIES.!
NATIONAL MBAGfTE CHAMPIONS
DHC AT PKTROIT TIGERS.
Pittsburg Capture* the First Game
Of the World's Series, in Spite of
Miillln's Masterly Pitching?Ameri?
can > Are Outplayed in Every De?
partment After the First Three In?
, Pittsburg, Pa., Oct. 8.?Pittsburg,
the National League champions, won
the first game of the world's champ?
ionship series by the score of 1 to 1
at Fortes Field today. After the
early innings Detroit was outclassed
in every department of the game, al?
though in the first three sessions the
American leaguers outplayed their .
An immense crowd, 29,264 paid ad?
missions?a new record for attend?
ance in a world's series game, wit?
nessed the exciting battle. The great
majority were Pittshurg supporters,
hut a large delegation of Detroit en?
thusiasts made plenty of noise in the
Manager Fred Clarke and Tommy
I Leach were the stars of the Pittsburg
aggregation. It was Clarke who broke
the apparently Impregnable wall of,
Mulllna wonderful pitching with a
smashing home run into tho right
field bleachers in the fourth inning
and tied the score. Thl3 appeared to
take all the play out of the Detroit
team and scoring was comparatively
easy for Fltrsburg after that.
Leach*s sensational catch of a ter?
rific drive from Ty Cobb's trusty bat
with two Detroit men on bases in th'?
seventh inning saved the game. Leach
was playing deep for Cobb, but this
drive went almost to the centre field
stand, and H was only after a hard
backward run that the diminutive
star was "able to make the thrilling
Both George Mull in and Charles
Adams pitched admirably. AUnm*, In
the opening round, gave two bases on
balls and allowed two hits. Then ho
steadied, Detroit not getting more
than one hit an inning,
* Mullln was a complete enigma to,
* f , *
the locals in the frrsr three innings.
when he did not allow a hit arfd gave
but one base on balls. lie had re?
tired two PittsbuTg men in the fourth,)
when Clarke made his corking homcj
run. On Delehanty's Tiditrulous error
at the beginning of the fifth, Abstem
made three bases. This was followed
by a two-bajgger 'try Gibson aad an?
other error by Bush, gave Pittsburg
two rune and the game.
Mullln, however, pitched a remark?
able anme throughout.
In the fifth mnmg Mullln hit Tiryne
in the head with a pitched, 'ball and
ft looked tor an instant as Chough he
had kaecftced out the little third base?
man, but after a few mlnsrtes he got |
up and trotted to first.
Pittsburg played with machine-lik?
decks ton all the way. Bryne and Gib?
son starred with clever bits of field?
The presence of the leading 'batter
of each Ibesgue?Cobb and Wagner?
created great interest, and the -work
of born men was closely watched, as
many bets have been made as to
which will hit better starring the Se?
rien. Wagner today made a two-bag?
ger and was hit in four times up, giv?
ing htm an average of :ZZZ. Cobb
was up tour time.., and 'drew a base
on balls and scored Detroit's only
run. Cobb also stole a buse in the
fifth inning, and it was on this play
that Wagner made a remarkable one
handed scoop of Gibson's low and
wide throw. The play was close, and
the Pittsburg men disputed Umpire
IO'LoughTin's decision for some time
before they would continue the game.
THE MURRAY CASE.
Columbia, Oct. 10.?The extradi?
tion of George Murray, the colored
ex-congrtssmun. is causing units a
stir over in Sumter. Mr. J. H. Grady.
agent for the State, who conveyed the
requisition papery from the office of
Governor Ansel, has returned without
the prisoner. The Governor of Illi?
nois has given Murray thirty days of
??race, and in the meantime eflfocts
are being made to present u petition j
io Governor Ansel for the conditional
pardon of Murray or the withdrawal
of the requisition papers from the
Governor of Illinois.
Governor Ansel is out of the city
today, and, therefore, an expression
could not be had from him as to his
stand in the matter. But It is a well
established rule with the Governor
that h<- does not pardon a man unless
the man actually begins serving his
sentence and then seldom ever. Gov?
ernor Ansel was pressed to send for
Murray. and? after some delay the
State bore the expenses of the extra?
dition arrangements.?News and
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ax
)AY. OCTOBER 13. ]
PELLAGRA DUE 10 BID WATER.
ARMY SURGEONS ANNOUNCE IM?
Dread Disease May be Caused by
Spoiled Corn Also, But the Latter
Is Not Thought to be the Onlj
Cause or Even tlie Main Cause
Washington, Oct. 8.?Army sur
geons have Just made important dis?
coveries as to the origin of the dread
disease "pellagra." These discoveries
have been made at Peoria, at the Il?
linois State General Hospital for the
Insane, where a cio>* study of the
db ease has been conducted by Sur?
geons Joseph F. Siler and Henry J.
Nichols. It has been found that
spoiled corn or corn which has for*
rr.ented does not cause the trouble It
appears that patients afflictc 1 with
pellagra have first undergone an af?
fliction of the intestinal tract, resemb?
ling dysentery, which is often
1 rought about by an impure supply
of water. It appears that the army
surgeons found great ignorance at
the Peoria Hospital as to the nature
of pellagra. It is alleged that severa'
hospital attendants were discharged
because of the belief they had scald?
ed pellagra patients. The peeling
cuticle on the hands and arms, the
authorities thought, was caused by
scald! ig water instead of by a dis?
ease. That the disease at the Peoria
Hospital was due to impure -vater is
said to be well estaMlshed.
According to Capt. Siler, pellagra
has lately been discovered in New
York. He expects other communities,
however, soon to be heard from. The
army surgeons do not consider th*?y
have found out all there is to be
found about the origin of the disease.
They still look on corn as one of the
food products that may cause it,
but it is considered that many eat?
able foods of a starchy nature may
also be responsible In part. It is
thought pellagra is caused by the ac?
tion of starchy substances on the
damaged linings of the intestines. It
Is said to be now prevailing in North
Carolina at an alarming rate.
FARMER KILTED AT GINNT^RY.
George W. Browne of York County
Caught In Maehiery of Engine
Died From Injuries.
Rock Hl IV Oct. 8.?Mt. Geo. W.
Browne, a prominent and well-to-do
farmer of thlB county, living In the
River Bend Bectlon, east of this city,
was so badly injured at his ginnery
this morning about 8 ?"'clock that he
d'ed a short while afterwards.
It Is not known jest how the acci?
dent occurrred, but Mr. Brown* was
around the engine and it is supposed,
there being no one else near at the
time, that his clothing got caught in
some way In the fly wheel ef the en?
gine and he v as whirled around the
shafting, posiiibly several hundred
times before he was discovered, and
the engine stopped. When taken out
both legs were fewnd to be broken
and he was badly Injured otherwise.
LABORER GETS FAT SALARY.
$10,000 Per Annum Paid Him By
Great Leather Company.
Elizabeth. N. J., Oct. 8.?John T.
George, although employed as a
common laborer in the plant of the
Harrington Leather Company, enjoys
a salary of $10.000 a year. That was
his salary under contract as vice
president of the company until it was
bought out by the United States
Leather Company recently.
The new owners asked for Mr.
George's resignation, he refused and
then came an order directing Mr.
Georg'e to dr an apron and report
in the ?? r work. Again Mr.
George su.,.:sed the trust by doing
that very thing. He came to work in
his automobile and had his chauffeur
call for him In time to take him to
Since then Mr. George has been
keeping It up and says that he rather
enjoys it. He receives no extraordi?
nary privileges and may see no visi?
tors dining working hours, but once
his apron is off, Mr. George become
the wealthy man again and drives
home in his automobile as he has
?lone for years. He says that he will
ANOTHER STORM WARNING.
New Orleans. Oct. 8.?At 9 a. m.
today tin4 weather bureau repeated its
storm warning of last night. A tropi?
cal disturbance i-s sa*d to be still cen?
tral over the gulf, just to the south
of the western half of Cuba. Masters
und pilots have been advised.
No further bulletins were issued
during the day.
\m. BY JURY.
OBSERVANCE OF ONE LAW AND
CHANGE OF OTHERS NEEDED.
Yok e of Judge Is Raised In Behalf of
Justice in South Carolina?Admir?
able Analysis of Weakness? The
To the Editor of The State:
The late trials in the Richland
court of sessions and the result r*f
them have caused a storm of criticism
of courts and Juries. The public mind
ought now to be in the right temper
to receive any truth which may find |
lodgment there. The object of this
communication is to ascertain the
It is true juries sometimes go
wrong, but so do judges, and so do all
human agencies. The highest court
in the land, or perhaps in the world,
hag more than once aroused public
protest by its judgment.
But as long as men violated law they
must be tried for it; and the only
agency to try them is men, be th*y
called jurors or judges.
The fundamental law of the nation
and of the State lodges the power ot
trial in the Jury, and that can not be
changed unless the constitution shall
The constitution Of the State does
declare that Jurors must be electors I
and men of good moral character. If
that qualification should always be
observed in the selection of jurors,
there would be no room to complain.
But men often get in the box who are
not men of good moral character.
The statute law has prescribed how
the jury box shall be filled; the
agency to fill; the number of names
Lhat shall be put in; the time when
and the palce where and the man?
ner in which it shall be done.
Here, then, is room for the exercise
of wisdom and of care. If right
names are not put inthe box they can
not be drawn out; and if wrong
names go in. Nthey must come out at
The only remedy at this point, the
fountain head of the stream. fl^H
throve* "upon whom is css*sW-th'e
select men of good moral character,
j to see that only such are selected. No
new law on tTae subject is needed;
the only thing needed Is to see that
the law is fulfilled.
It orten happens, however, oftener
than otherwise, that good names go
into the box and are drawn out in the
court room, but these men do not sit,
for one reason or another.
They too often seek to be excused,
and some of them assign the most
frivolous reasons in order to escape
service. For their conduct there is
some good ground but only some.
The confinement of 13 men in a
room pending the trial, and before
they retire to make up their verdict,
is an old practice. It obtains in the
United States courts and in the courts
of many of the States.
It is nevertheless a bad practice,
and it causes good men. used to the
comforts of life, to shun jury service.
And the impounding of the jury in
a room, until they all 9hall have
agreed on the bame thing, is as old as
the law. But it is a practice against
which good sense rebels and will re?
bel as long as men are called to sit
on juries. **?
Unanimity in the jury room has
long since been abandoned in conser?
vative Scotland, and it ought to be
abandoned here; until it has been,
sensible men will avoid so hard and
unreasonable a service. In the con?
vention of 1895 an ordinance was pro?
posed to allow less than the entire
jury to return a verdict; it was intro?
duced by a distinguished lawyer, and
it was opposed by another, both of
whom had large practice in the court
Of session.-. The measure was defeat?
ed. The bar alone can secure such
Tlu.re reasons stated above operate
to keep desirable men out of the box.
but there*is yet andother reason.
When good men's nettles gel Into ih<*
I ox and when they ar-* Willing t<?
serve, yet they can not sit, they are
peremptorily challenged i>y the de?
For the crimes <>? mur ier, man?
slaughter, arson, rape, grand larceny,
burglary and forgery the statute law
allows the defendant to exercise ten
such challenges; and for other offen?
ses five such challenges. And If there
be two defendants. ?,n trial for the
same offense, they may exercise 20
The whole panel consists .?f 36 men.
but generally not more than from 30
to 34 will be present to serve. By
all the law of chances onl> 12 of
these men will be forceful characters;
that is a large proportion. Of these
12, the chance is that only one-half
or two-thirds will be drawn out of
E SOUTHRON, Established June, 18M
km?Vol. XXX. No. 14.
CROP CONDITION REPORTS.
ESTIMATES SPRING WHEVJ
YIEI.O AT ?91 848,000
Figures for Corn States?Average
Condition for United State* is 7S.&
As Against 77.8 October l, IflOg?
Washington, Oct. 8.?The crop re?
porting board of the department of.
agriculture today made public the
following estimates of crops on Octo?
ber 1, last: Corn condition 73.8, as
compared with 77.8 on the same date
last year; spring wheat, quality. 90.B?
as compared with 88.1 in 190.8;
spring and winter wheat. combined
average quality 90.4, as compared
with 89.4 la*t year; oats, quality,
91.4, as compared with 81.4 a year
The indicated total production of
spring wheat is about 291.848,00a
bushels, against 224,194,000, the final
estimate in 1908; of spring and win?
ter wheat combined 724,7(8,000 bush?
els, compared with (44,402,000 last*
year, and of oats about 9 8 3.H18.00C-'
bushels, against 807,154,000 last year.
Comparisons for Southern, oorr.?
Oct. 1. Oft. 1
Texas.50 8 2
Georgia.87 4* 82
Oklahoma. . . .44 7.3- 74
Kentucky . . .82 75 80
Tennessee . . .74 82 72r
Alabama ... .79 83 7?
North Carolina .71? 82 81
Arkansas ... .44 79 7*
Mississippi . . .47 ?1 75
Louisiana. . . .84 81 78
South Carolina . 81 %% 77
Virginia ... .74 i9 84
United States. . 73.Sr 77.8 79.2
The average condition of tobacco
31.5, against 84.1 last year, with im?
portant States: Kentucky 81, North
Carolina 77. Virginia 88. Ohio SS,
Pennsylvania 44, Tennessee 82. Wie
consin 75, South Carolina 84,-QflfJ
The gift of a loving cup to the Ja?
panese navy by men who participated
in the round-the-world cruise is the
latest utter ignoring of the Hobson
sentiment.?Phihv elphia Ledger.
the hat by the boy.
Against them, the peremptory chal?
lenge promptly exercised, and the ?
weak men on the paael are sworn, tc *
try the case.
The operation is perfect for its
work; it is almost automatic; it may
be observed any day where a court
sits and men are on trial for grave of?
The legislature alone can remedy *
this defect in Jury trials, for it is ?/ ?
serious defect. Here a new law Is
This summary rejection of good
men, without cause, *e itself a sub?
ject of mortification to them an<3
leads them to avoid lie maniteslaitor -
by dodging jury service
And all these causes lead good
men to avoid registration and to
thereby become disqualified for jury
service. The names of such disquali
tled citizens never get into the )ux>
box. of course.
But there is yet another cause: the
legislature has exempted a large an.t
select clam from compulsory Jury
service, they are named in the statute
and aggregate somtthing like 40
These names are not put feh the*
box, and if they happen to be, the.*
privileges of the statute ar? im?
mediately claimed and, of course, al?
An examaination of the large and
varied and excellent classes of citi?
zens who are thus exempt from jury
service will astonish the uninformed .
Among them arc all numbers, teach?
ers, doctors, druggists, cashiers, tel?
lers, editors, printers a'id numerous
others. Why should any man be
exempt from a service which 50 '
keenly affects the public gO< d !
It is not surprising that thai net?
work of Impediment otrmhtm * nahe
Jury trials in the court Of PtsstOUO
a hazardous business. but bank of '
these causes, and mere pctem than,
them, there are yet two <obstacles to
Public opinion m not airaipned en i
the side of the law. and Juries, like
men. follow public opinion.
Why public opinion is not for the
enforcement of law is a erofoendes
A large number of the bar pr* ter ft
verdict for their elieai to. I vofdlnfl
Why a I the bar is net fOY* rift*
ver let is a serious issue, for the tar
and for the State. "Onlooker