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MILLS MAY SHUT DOWN.
COffTtti* manufacturers SAY
tmrt face serious sit?
Mo?i'm Hi to Secure Increase In Pro
mmemmo* of Ooiton Goods Is General,
Asm* 4m Heault of ttie High Price of
thev? Onilom and Low price of
Mawa razored Good*.
in. Oct. t.?A gigantic move
meat bom of unreal of long standing,
la im i?f?vti?MS throughout the leading
eottee, f xttle districts of the world,
locking towards a general curtail?
ment of production during the re
mat saw*; month* of this year and In
1*A# The principal reasons advanc?
ed far the movement are the gradual
Inere***.* In the coat of raw material
andj the feilere of the dry goods mar
V ?U 1 ? rcopond la a way which would
a?sere continued profit to manufac?
turer B during the next It months.
la Lancashire the yarn apinners
hwe Ihmmi running their mills on
sheet time for two months, and re
c?*atlf> nn?r other English mill own
e-? veied to shut down two days each
uoek until November 8
?a September It, the Arkwrlght
Cub, of Boston, representing 14,000.
??H out of 17.t00.0000 spindles In
* jW tOnglanl. aent out to all the cot
h a tafUa ta thi* district, which is sec
o >< in the nduatry to Lancashire,
ft-rsw of an Agreement for signatures
f. r a curtailment The Investigations
?' thu> executive committee of this
el ib convinced It that no difficulty
a aid fie exiierienced In socurlng the
s astute* representing' seven million
The proposition calls' for the sus
p W mi of work for 224 working
h hi , between the date of the agr~*?- '
n ?nt and August 1. It 10^ to become
e ectiv wh-n no leas than seven
n -IIaen spindles have been signed up.
Rupert* from different sections of ^
Item fchigtajid Indicate that the prop?
osition of the Arkwrlght Club is meet
tr.g with an encouraging response. (
8 ch a curtailment, however, is not
II ehj ta became effective In this State
Ir the immediate future, as many of
It j sei lb that will sign aa agreement
III he unable to All present orders
a thee' steady running until well Into
The ttHode Island and Fall River
a *ae<?cturer* are. as a rule, willing
to outt*tt production, providing that
tl 'if -???? not called upon to withhold
g ode wtwu outside centres continue
t IS\ *U full
The curtailment movement U of
g-*ai laUtoat ?a New Bedford and
a* her a*V ea where the operatives
hv e bee* refused a restoration of a
10 per cent cut in wage* nude In
1 0t. fi is suggested that If tho New
P afore maaufscturere are in sym
p vhg v*Uh the thirty-day closing
n veeaMit. the effect of a str ke in
tb it cstv would be partially nullified.
T%e curtailment has also been tak?
er Uf> fey oh* Southern cotton mill
m aara Yesterday the board of gov
er-ers of the American Cotton Manu
fi torer*' Association, at a meeting
Ir CtjarloUe. N. C adopted resolu
tl ^s sei ting forth their claim that
the g* event disparity between the
pT'ce ei ? nl ?ri and cotton goods pre
civ dee rh?- potability of the succese
fv *p<?t ilion of Southern mills. A
co T?e?in v? appointed to formu?
la 1 a curtailment agreement which
e' t mat m th ' South would be urg
*c to <w<n In certain cotton produc
*n a" ' tolling centre-* the claim Is
m 4e 1 h ? < the present curtailment
an teammi is largely an attempt to
flpl 1 dawn tb* price of the staple. The
a/ ?Hatu oi the operatives' unions in
ae rat 1 * On.: land citie* profess to
ae? ie the cam|iaign an attempt to
av d sii advance In wag m. but the
of Hal* of the Arkwnght Club deny
th tli wtgt question haa anything
to ie with their nlating plans.
he cul ws mtiU of New Rm<iand,
tot tdang phra mill*, employ upwards
of Stt.i** hands
Pawirnquake Felt in Georgia,
lattew Oa.. Oct. t ?Two distinct
ea? h shock* were felt here about 6
o'r oek thi? morning, accompanied by
a >ew?irw; <*outi4. House* were shak?
en hretigti nit the town, but no dam?
age 4a reperttfd. *
? r*mi- t*rofcwor Bead.
I ue Wwi. via Donalds. Oct. It.?
Pr f. ft Q Cfldweil of Krskine col?
let Si ? ' fii?.-. aftecnooo at S o'clock.
Tw 1 ssapfc* *g-i he w*a stricken with
paraV^> Pad dace that time he had
in In a critical rendition.
When ?h ? . ? <<h setts enougn cot?
ton te p*y ?t* debts it will be inde?
pendent aed the surplus cotton ought
to ho slated in bonded warehouses
and kepi thaee until the price reaches
II oomU pat pound.?Dillon Herald.
t? U&ftU uU Children.
Th Kai Yon tUn Aiwap rm&
AMERICAN INDIANS INCREASING
Population of Rod Men, Contrary to
General Notion, Is Steadily Increas?
Washington, O.ct. 10.?The popular
idea that the American Indians are
decreasing in number is dissipated
by official figures showing that tvluy
there are more than 300,000 red m.?n
in the United States.
The increase in population of about
40.000 during the last two decades is
attributed to the government's con?
stant effort to Hplltt the Indian co the
level of contemporary civilisation.
Three and one-third million dollars Is
! elng expended by the United States
annually for the education of more
than 80,000 Indian boys and girls.
PROHIBITION HERE TO STAY.
Ansel Warns the New Yorkers That
Dry Time is Coming.
New York, Oct. 10.?According to
Gov. M. F. Ansel of South Carolina,
the South will stand solidly for pro?
hibition within the next five days. He
expresssed an opinion to that effect
today. The governor is in the city to
attend the annual meeting of the
Gktorgg Peabody Educational fund.
'T looks to me as If the South
would be solidly prohibition within
the next five years," declared the gov
. raor. "Prohibition Is making tre
doui strides all through the
South, in my own State the places
\ here a thirsty man can get a drink
fas HBO" far between."
?ld then he proceeded to tell how
prohil ition had gained a foothold In
the M.'ite and spread prior to August
I i teen additional counties went
?dry* g| the elections In-.that month,"
he continued, "and after November
15 pext it will be possible to get a
drink in only six counties of the State
and then, only through the medium
of the county dispensary."
Gov, Ansel discussed other phases
of the liquor question and concluded
by saying that "there is no i doubt that
the prohibition movement has come
to stay and thut it is making steady
progress." Such a potent factor has
It become throughout the South, he
staU d, that all political parties are
forced to reeognlze the Issue.
SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CON?
Secretary of Commerce Nagel Will
Preside Over Session in Washing?
ton December nth.
.Washington, Oct. 9?Hon. Charles
Nagel, secretary of Commerce and
Labor, a son of Texas by birth and a
?on of Missouri by adoption will pre?
side over the first session of the Sec?
ond Southern Commercial Congress,
In Washington on December 6th.
The First Southern Commercial
Congress held last December was de?
voted to Interpreting the meaning of
Southern resources regarded as a
whole. The Second Congress lasting
through December 6th and 7th will
be devoted to showing the various
avenues of opportunity which exist
In the South. The speakers will be
men of national standing.
In accepting the Invitation to pre?
side, after a fully detailed programme
has been laid before him, Mr. Nagel
said: "Permit me to say that I re?
gard the questions to be considered
by this Congress as of the greatest
Importance, not only to the South,
but to the entire country."
Mr. John H. Flnney, secretary of
the Appalachian National Forest As?
sociation will be the director of ex?
hibits during the Second Southern
Commercial Congress. The entire top
floor of the Wlllard will be devoted
to the purposes of the congress, en?
abling towns and industries to make
special displays at a time when
Washington Is crowded with visitors.
CURE YOUR KIDNEYS.
Do Not Endanger Life When a Sum
ter Citizen Shows You the Cure.
Why will people continue to suffer
the agonies of kidney complaint,
backache, urinary disorders, lame?
ness, headaches, languor, why allow
themselves to become chronic in?
valids, when a certain cure is offered
Doan's Kidney Pills is the remedy
to use, because it gives to the kidneys
the help they need to perform their
* -If you have any, even one, of the
symptoms of kidney diseases, cure,
yourself now, before diabetes, dropsy
or Brlght's disease sets in. Read this
J. H. Grady, 16 Wright St., Sumter,
8. C, says: "I have no hesitation In
recommending Doan's Kidney Pills as
.they proved beneficial to me. I usedl
them for kidney trouble and they
helped me more than any other rem?
edy I had previously taken. My back
ached nearly all the time and I had
severe pains in my kidneys. The kid?
ney secretions were irregular in pas?
sage and when sllowed to stand con?
tained a dark sediment. I finally used
Doan's Kidney Pills, procured at
China's drug store and they regulated
the passages of the kidney secretions
and femoved the lameness from my
back. I have had no return of the
trouble since and I know from ex?
perience that they are a remedy that
can be relied upon."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-MUburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name?Dean's?and
tske no other. No. 1.
KING COTTON SUPREME.
Tli? South*** Futur? Forecasted?To
be Richest Portion of United States, '
Famed in Agriculture and Predom
inatlng in Manufacturing?Not
Enough Wool, Silk and Furs tf?
Clothe tlio World; Cotton a Neces?
sity for Princess and Hottentot.
Oy H. S. Reld, Editor Cotton Journal.
The time is not far distant when
the South will be the richest portion
of the United States. This statement
sounds strange in the ear o! 'he old
time Southerner, but will be looked
upon with credence by the man of af?
fairs North, East and West No oth?
er section of the United States can
present to the traveler such a galaxy
of opportunities, such a climate, such
soil, such water power, and, no where
else In the world can the people
of the world look for that great
necessity, cotton?the most essential
single product In all the1 enormous
tomes of catalogues, enumerating the
great number of essentials grown
There are fundamentally but t*?n
necessities, one being that which Will
prevent starvation and the other
something to protect the human body
from the burning sun and the freez?
ing winds. There are many things
capable of keeping the stomach fed,
but there is ret enough wool, silk,
hemp and furs in the world to clothe
the people. Cotton is the one thing,
and it is demanded by the half civi?
lized Hottentot and the most aesthetic
lad, from world's end to world's
The condition of the cotton indus?
try in the South is such as to warrant
optimistic calculations in estimating
Southern prosperity during the forth?
coming months, and, for that matter
during the years and during the cy?
cles of time to come. When the bus?
iness world as represented in the
South realizes the importance of
financing the crop, that is to say,
make the needful arrangements for
handling the crop commercially, thus
insuring its common sense marketing,
the wave, not ripple, of prosperity
which will then sweep across the land
from Virginia to Mexico, will be of
such grand magnitude and force as
to cause the world to look upon
Dixie as the one country on earth
standing out alone in fts wealth and
The Way Cotton Is Consumed.
The consumption of cotton by the
mills of the world aggregated some
20,000,000 bales in 190??. of which the
Southern Stales contributed more
than 13,000.000 bales. The demand
for raw cotton bj so keen it will re?
quire IS,500,000 bales of American
cotton of the growth of 1109, and If
that amount cannot be had, some of
the mills will of sheer necessity be
compelled to close down or curtail
their output because there is no oth?
er place in the world to draw this
supply from. ?
Of the supply produced In 1908 the
United States produced 66.4 per cent,
India 14.9 per cent, Egypt 6.5 per
cent, Russia 4.3 per cent, China 3.1
per cent, Brazil 2.2 per cent, and all
other countries 2.6 per cent. The cot?
ton entering Occidental commerce is
that produced in America, Egyot,
and South America. The Indian crop
Is consumed In India, Japan, the far
Orient and in Continental Europe to
an extent, and, England took 84,000
bales of the 1908 crop. Thus it will
be seen the part played by Dixie's
cotton is a leading one to such an ex?
tent that without It the human body
of the world would go unclothed.
There is no substitute; of the six
leading textile fibres cotton represents
54 per cent In quantity, wool 14.5
jute 14, Flax 10. Hemp 7, and silk
Rig Difference to Planter.
These tiresome figures are present?
ed for the sole purpose of convincing
without argument, the importance
of our imperial product, with the
hope that great attention will be paid
to the marketing this fall, thus giving
the producer and the Southern busi?
ness man the full benefit of the crop's
We do not advocate nor are we dis?
cussing the holding of cotton for ab?
normal prices, but we are urging the
producer to market his crop evenly
through the year and we urge the
business man to aid in that sensible
move. By marketing evenly through
the year the farmer may expect his
income to be increased some 33 1-8
per cent, or his $300 crop made to
yield $400. This being true can the
South afford to postpone making ar?
rangements for financing it.
Foreign corporations have expend?
ed much time and money In the vain
endeavor of producing cotton in large
quantities In Egypt and in India, but
these eTforts have been only partially
productive of results. The hope has
been with the Engish since the days
of the civil war, to be free and in?
dependent of the Southern States.
But It takes a race of men to produce
a great world's staple and It can nev?
er be done by naked Africans or half
starved Indians. The production of
cotton is not progressing to any
marked extent elsewhere, while hers
we are just beginning to know how
three or four bales may be grown an
easily as one bale was produced s
few years ago, all of which is spread?
ing a new and richer coloring over
the lives and endeavors of our South?
ern folks. A few years of good prices
and the distressed cotton grower will
be a dead feature in our cotton calcu?
lations; a few years of good price*
and the smile of prosperity will o'er
spread the face of the South, paint,
white-wash. school houses. good
roads, good tools and a rising genera?
tion, pure in Anglo Saxon breeding,
the South's greatest asset, will at?
tract the attention of the world's stu?
dents, humble and astute.
The South is not to always remain
a purely agricultural country, con?
tented with the profits of the pro?
ducer. No other section of the world
has progressed so markedly in the
march of manufacturing; for the cot
ton year ending August 31, 1909, the
South consumed more cotton than all
the mills in all other portions of the
United States, and the beginning of
progress in that direction has just
Time unravels the, mysteries of life,
and, we know the future by the pa?t
therefore th? time is not far distant
when the Routh will be the world'v
richest domain and will consume all
the cotton produced in America. For
example, a careful computation indi?
cates a production of 17.500.000 Vales
In twenty years, and if we continue to
increase in the consumption of cotton
during the next twenty years at the
same ratio as during the past twentv
years, we will then doirmnd 17,500,000
bales for our Southern mill supplit c
Then will we not he the greatest
rountry named on the maps? Fal'
River is rich and powerful, spinning
and weaving a million bales, Man
ehester is a factor in English and i
world's affairs, consuming 70.000
bales weekly: what then will be the
position of the South growing seven
teen and a half million bales and con?
suming it within her own borders?
Our crop this season will run
around the 11,000,000 bales mark and
the price per pound will be very
I high before the end of the eotton
l year. The spinners demand from us
! 13,500,000 bales to keep things run
? ning smoothly, hence if the supply
ten in glutting the market, prices will
be strong and good. But if the Ritt
is thrown on the market and the buy?
er permitted to name the prices,
there may be a falling from present
quotations between now and Christ?
mas. Before the cotton year closes,
cotton will go higher than it did dur?
ing the Sully year.
The crop will be without doubt
some 2\0d,000 bales short of that pro?
duced rast year. You will observe we
are not splitting hairs over the flnaT
ginning, because no one at this time
can do more than guess the size of
the crop and but few if any of the
recognized cotton statisticians are
willing to take the chance of writing
themselves as reckless, by guessing so
early in the season. The price, meas
ured by ordinary years in the past Is
good, and before the close of the cot?
ton year, It will be considerably high?
er. Of course this is prognosticating
but we have a foundation of facts to
stand on. The world's population is
as a matter of fact, constantly in?
creasing, hence the demand for cotton
poods is enlarged from season to sea?
.that Ambitious Capitalists Are Do
To meet the demand for manufac?
tured cotton goods ambitious capital?
ists are causing new mills to be erect?
ed and new spindles installed and to
mrke dividends possible these spindles
must be fed. For instance England
alone has installed spindles requiring
1.000,000 bales of cotton, they being
now for the first time, ready for
transforming raw cotton into articles
of wear. These foreign spinners it
seems to me are under the influence
of the glamour of rosy profits made
by Manchester, and some time they
may awaken from ihelr dream that
the South is an agricultural country
only. The South will in time, say 20
years hence, consume the product of
the Southern plantations. When we
will be producing 17,000,000 bales,
and how the land will smile when
Dixie plantations grow seventeen mil?
lion bales and when Southern mills
consume the last lock of It. You say
what will New England and Old Eng?
land do then. We cannot tell, only
this, they will not be spinning and
weaving the cotton grown in the
Southern States, and there is no oth?
er section of country at present writ?
ing on the face of mother earth where
cotton is being produced in mannor
or kind to warrant the erectlo t
cotton mills of much manltude.
Ye Men of Ability and Wealth.
Gentlemen of wealth and far seeing
ability, is not cotton capable of being
financed In r. business v. ay, and can
you not help save the South each
year $200,000,000 to $300,000,000? It
seems poor policy to permit such a
goodly sum of money to go beyond
our borders, v*hen, by the exercis? of
some skill and energy it can be pre
French Revels, of Bennettsvllle.
who was accidently shot in one of
hi* knees several days ago, died as
a result of the wound.
people do not has
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
_ ? and has been made under his per?
ffl? /*A' ~, sonal sapervision since its infancy*
<<<XZA4>K Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good " are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil,
goric, Drops und Soothing Syrups* It is Pleasant* It
Contains neither Opium* Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee* It destroys Worms
and a&ays Feverishness* It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic* It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea? The Mother's Friend*
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Sears the Signature of
The Kind You Haie Always BougL
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TMS RRNTAUR OOMPMY, TT MURRAY STOCKT. NC? TORR CITT.
irnie's Drug Store,
W Liberty St. Sumte?, S. C.
? Dealer In
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES. PATENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
061 ?QUO: PURE M RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
TliE GROWTH OF OUR LUMBER
has 1 een something phenomenal.and
Is due to strict adherence to sound
business principles. Always provid?
ing (nil measures and the highest
qualities of well-seasoned lumber, we
have succeeded in retaining all of
our old customers, and in attracting
new ones all the time. For reliable
lumber at fair prices and prompt de?
liveries, come to us.
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factory,
J. W. McKeiver
Appier and Red Rust Proof.
Smooth and Bearded Varieties
Seed Rye and Barley.
-Grain Pasture Mixture
Composed >f Winter Turf Oats. Whe?t, Rye, Barley
anri Vetch. The best winter Horse, low and Hog
Pasture you can possibly plant. :: :: ::
THERE WILL BE A ROLLER FLOUR MILL IS SUMTER BY JAR. 1910.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
&?* The Farmers' Bank & Trust Go
Satisfaction with one's efforts put the brakes on pr
There is a future ahead of the fellow who is sorry
The Farmers" Bank and Trust Company is continuall
out for new business, and is getting it. If you are aot
we invite you to become one'
C. 6. ROWLAND, Pr?*. R l EDMUNDS, Cstbisr. GUY L WA 11
A. 8, NERRIMAN, Bookkeeper H. l NcCOY, Asst cWokkM