Newspaper Page Text
WEONESOAY, OCTOBER 27, 1909.
The Humter Watchman was found
on la ltIO and the True Southron In
let! The Watchman and Southron
?aw has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
sme la manifestly the best advertising
media m In Sum tor.
f f Orangeburg can afford a modern
erntet casting $100.000. why can't
Berater build one costing something
stile that amount T
Congretsman Lever told the whole
name truth about Clemscn College In
awls speech at Batesburg.
Che President of the State Fair As?
sociation announces with a straight
/ace that there will be no charge for
reserved seata on the day President
Tefti speaks on the Fair grounds. In
eSasr of a her things this reckless neg?
lect of an opportunity to fatten th<
sjste receipts appears peculiar,
s o e
Solicitor Moll had entered on the
docket Thursday a nol pros In the case
e* the Stau vs. M. H. Boykln. Jr.,
and W. I* Oregg, Jr.. oar-breaklng
and larceny. We must confess to an
laaarilttr to understand this disposi?
tion of the case. The partlea named
In the iadiotmsnt were whits men ?n
en* employ of the Atlantic Coast
Uns. who were charged with break
*mt Into <che care of the railroad com?
pany and stealing a considerable
ejnanutf of goods. The alleged crlma
wee eemmlttsd while the accused
mete In a position of trust which aggra?
vated tar offence. They were arrest
04 and gave bond in the sum of $500
noon for appearance for trial at the
Gessrt of General Beselins When the
ease was called rot tr.a: neither de
tVmdar.t appeared, having. aceorTng
tn common report, fled the State. A
ruse to shew cause why the bonds
ah said not be es*re*ted was issued. To
thai rule sfr H. T. Edens, surety for
Bee kin made a return alleging, that
SB* hong was Improperly draun, de?
fective and not binding The rule wse
therefore dl?m?sved and Mr. K lent
?ms relieved of rsaporialblllty. Tha
smritle* for Oregg. Messrs. C.
Bf and Ii. C. Oregf settled their bond
1st payment of $100 Instead of $500.
Wow ea top of all this comes the 1
psBnas?the Solicitor w.pes the case I
tVesn th? docket by marking the In
ftlctsnent Mno! proa.- I
it V (i ? 4
The p'^ce e|. chicken en<% egge, and <
sa fact, pecttcally all couairy pro
djuee Is 14 a parity with It 1-3 eta cot?
ton. The farmer who utilises thslr op- <
portiintti ee have no cause for com?
plaint tlen year. If thuy do not pay I
their debts and put money in the bank
they wit! never do It
0 ? ?
The conviction of R. M. Berwick
grves the lie to the Often made charge
(Hat It Is impossible to convict a white
man for killing a negro. Berwick
was ma"ahall of the town of Pinewood
and she t a negro, who died within a
few ders from the effects of the
wewnd inflicted by Bawack. Berwick
eras put on trial on the charge of mur?
der at the last term of court and a mis?
trial reeelted. He was tried again
fsna week and a verdict of guilty of
snao*1 slighter was returned by a
jwry composed entirely of white men.
H4e attorney will make a fight for a
new trial and the case will probably
ge to the S-jpreme Court, but the fact
remain 4 that a white man has been
oonvicted hy a white Jury. This Is
net the first case of this kind by any
means?hundreds of similar cases
eass be found on the court records of
She South?but those who delight in
slandering the South and pretend to
believe that the negro receives noth?
ing but Injustice Ignore all such cases.
There Is room for improvement In the
aeOSiOtstratlon of Justice, we well
smew, and we also admit that white
snnrderers too frequently escape scot
free but the white people of the
Smith are not altogether without con
snseace or honor In the enforcement
of the law. All things considered the
nessro in the South comes about as
near receiving fair treatment and Jus?
tice m the courts and without, In
hoe*n?ts* and In all their dealing with
the Southern white people as they
reoolve in the North, or as any In
fertnr rsre receives In any land.
Hvervthtng points to higher prices
far cotton than now prevail and mills
may shut down and ctrtatl as much
as they please without seriously af?
fecting the market. The crop is short,
the demand for cotton goods is in?
creasing instead of diminishing and
the cotton farmer is In the saddle and
wie remstia there until another big
crop Is made and harvested. All the
farm jr* have to do Is to market their
crop Judiciously and their control of
the Htustlon will be absolute. They
have obtained a fair and profitable
price for the part of the crop already
aeld and have been able to liquidate
the most pressing of their obligations,
costseeneotly they are in a better po
etejeri thin ever before to sit steady
la the boat and let the other fallows
do the worrying. If the cotton mills
IFarmers' Union News |
?AND ? yj
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers 3
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, Prevalent Farmers' Union of Sumter Jj
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news ar.d official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
Some Random Thoughts.
The promised article on shocking
corn not having been received. I am
still holding the other article. This
week we have some pictures of thrift
in Oeorgla as penned by the editor of
the Southern Cultivator. Sumter
county farmers can do as well or bet?
ter, If we only go about it in the right
I want to call special attention to
the statement about Bermuda hay. I
regard it as the very best pasture
grass from April 1st to Dec. 1st. But
the yields of Mr. Wing in Cobb coun?
ty, Georgia, and of Mr. Hinson on
James Island, S. C, Indicate that un?
der some conditions it may be more
valuable for hay than pasture.
The circular letter of President
Perrltt in regard to the meeting on
Nov. 5th, I should have wide public?
ity. I trust our membership will be
well represented, and that this meet?
ing will mark the systematic consid?
eration by other farm topics than
financing cotton on borrowed money.
We desire the aid of every thoughtful
union man in formulating a series of
12 lessons In practical farming for
the monthly meetings of the local
union* during 1910. These lessons to j
be gotten out In leaflets like the In- j
and speculators undertake to force
down the price In the face of the
?hortest crop in v**r* and a Mg and
.nisatlshed iemand. Che t;irnx>rs can
?tore their c-Uon in w?r? houvos and.
wait until next spring to sell.; The
ml!U cannot remain shut do a until
another crop is made, neither can the
users of cotton goods do without the
goods. The mills will be forced to re?
sume operations In self-defense
whether the price of cotton goods ad?
vance as much as they desire or not.
But prices are bound to advance in
a short time and the shut down of
mills wi'.l have more effect upon the
price of goods than upon raw cotton
in the present condition of affairs. If
the farmers sell slowly they will reap
the benefit of the advance in prices
and It will not all go to the mills to
swell their dividends. If they rush
the cotton on the market the mills
will garner the difference between
present prices and the ultimate price.
The cotton mills are in the business
for what they make out of it and
have a right to curtail, but the farm?
ers should meet the curtailment of
the mills by a curtailment of selling.
The mills may quit spinning and
weaving for a time but they will not
quit buying cotton for their future
needs and they should be made to
pay every cent it is worth. If the
mills can-afford to buy. cot ton now
ad hold It until next summer for
their own use it looks as if the far?
mer who is out of debt can afford to
hold until the mills are compelled to
have It and are forced to pay what It
We do not believe that the widely
advertised shut down of the r irollna
mills Is to be more than tenporary.
We believe that the shut down and
the tremendous publicity given it is
more for the effect It will have up?
on the cloth and yarn market and the
price of cotton that it is a necessary
business measure made unavoidable
by the narrow margin of profit that
the mills are earning at present. We
believe that it is a concerted effort
of the mills to depress the market
and scare the farmers into selling
the remainder of their crop at any
price the mills see fit to offer. The
mills forsee a big advance In prices
for both cotton and cotton goods next
spring and summer and they are de?
termined te grab the lion's share of
It for themselves if they can possibly
do ap by getting hold of the cotton be?
fore the boom comes. They are using
a club on the cotton market and they
do not care If the farmers and all
other lines of business in the South
that are dependent upon the prices of
cotton go to smash. It Is a hold up
game of the worst sort and If the
mills have their way the farmers will
be deprived of their legitimate profit
on a short crop In a season of big
demand. The farmers and all who
are the friends of the farmers and
ternatlonal S. S. Lessons.
One reason some of the meetings
of the union- are not as- helpful as
they should be, nor as well attended
Is the lack of some live subject of
farm management for discussion. We
can not hold the interest of our mem?
bership, if we spend our time'on im?
possible schemes of finance, or in
cussing out" the "other fellow;" but
we must have live issues of a size that
we can handle. Matters of crop ro?
tation; the use of fertilizers; the mak?
ing of composts; preparation of the
soil; etc. etc., things which each far?
mer can work out for himself wheth?
er he runs one plow or a dozen.
This does not for a moment mini?
mize nor belittle co-operation In buy?
ing and selling, but it would put each
farmer in better shape to co-operate.
In other words we must be educating
ourselves ?long all the lines of farm
economy.. And to be better citizens in
every sense of the word.
E. W. D.
A Model Farmer, a Real and Not a
Some of our readers are familiar
! with the humorous and burlesque
character sketches written by Qeneial
Longstleet and entitled "Georgia
.Scenes." We are going to give you a
few "Georgia scenes" of a better type.
We have cast off our "backwoods"
customs and habits and are now here
and there coming up to a higher
standard of afrm life. While down at
Luthervllle, Ga., in Merlwether coun?
ty, we saw a farm home that struck
our attention, from the view received
from the car window in passing. We
decided to get a closer and better
view of the farm home and live stock,
so we got Mr. Cylpepper, a friend of
ours, to drive us out to the place. As
you come out from the village of Lu
therville^ some two miles on the
Nweman road, you reach the farms of
Mr. J. C. Trammell and his brother,
one on the left and one on the right
of the right of the road. Here is what
we saw: In front of the house and
sloping down to the road is a well set
Bermuda pasture of some eight or ten
acres. Near the road is a beautiful
i little fish pond covering an acre and
surrounded with a border of trees. In
this pasture five pretty Jerseys were
grazing and as many sheep, an animal
as valuable as it is rare on our South?
ern frms. We turned in along the
the business interests of the South
should combine to fight the mills with
their one weapons. When the South?
ern mills take the lead in the game so
long played by the New England mills
to the injury of the cotton growing
section it is time for the other bus?
iness Interests of the South to line
up on the side of the farmers and
give the mills a lesson that they will
remember for years to come. Cotton
warehouses and 6 per cent, money
are the remedies and the time is
ripe for the farmers to declare and
prove their independence.
Columbia's "Dutch-treat" luncheon
in honor of President Taft would be
ridiculous were it not that the unen?
viable notoriety it has attained is not
to the credit of South Carolina. It is
a most unfortunate and regrettable
occurrence for which Columbia and
Columbia alone is to blame. If the
people of Columb;a did not wish to
make the entertainment of President
Taft a Columbia affair they should
have said so at the oaiset and called
upon the people o* the whole S'ateto
make it a State aflf-j.ir In management
as well as finance; but having assum?
ed full responsibility for it without
consulting the balance of the State it
was peculiar and unusual for each In?
vitation to be accompanied by a de?
mand for a $10 check. Charleston and
Florence are both entertaining Presi?
dent Taft and he will be as much the
guest of South Carolina in those
towns as he will be while in Colum?
bia, but Columbia and the balance of
the State would have viewed a levy
for expenses on citizens of other
towns in much the same light as Sen?
ator Tillman views the Columbia per
curving road that made a semi-circle
up to the dwelling and back to the
public road. On the left was a fine
field of corn that would yield some 35
or 40 bushels per acre. Then farther
up on the hill was cotton that would
make a bale per acre. Now we came
to the barn and lot, where we saw two
good-sized mules walking around and
some hogs which feed upon the waste
and run out into a Bermuda pasture
in rear of the lot. Then comes the
home, a neat, painted five-room cot?
tage, surrounded with an attractive
flower yard filled with roses, shrubs,
and other flowers. The lady of the
house sat on the front steps at the
gate feeding her feathered tribe and
it was a sight to see them?some hun?
dred brown leghorn hens, and then
to the right of the yard some fifty
Plymouth Rocks in an enclosed pen.
Twice a week Mr. Trammell goes to
Newnan to dispose of the butter and
eggs and their revenue from this
source alone would pay all the house
hold expenses. On beyond the prem?
ises was a field that had been sown to
grain, now well dotted with stacks of
peavine hay. The whole scene pre?
sented the combination of thrift, di?
versification of crops and good culti?
vation. It was a scene such as the
rich might envy and yet that the poor
might imitate. It was not so preten?
tious but that any farmer could re?
produce it; yet good method and in?
dustry are required. To us it present?
ed one of the few model farms we had
seen In Georgia. Dost thou like the
picture? Then go and do likewise.
The farm and home of his brother,
Mr. R. N. Trammell, were equally at?
tractive. He had mor^ cows and bet?
ter bred hogs. Homes like these will
make any State great, and we want
to see more like them, not with one
feature of good farming, but with a
dozen or more.?Southern Cultivator.
Nine Tons of Hay From One Acre.
Nine tons is a large yields of hay
from a single acre and few would ex?
pect this yield from Bermuda grass,
yet such is the case, or at least from
an acre of vetch and Bermuda.
Mr. J. B. Wing, who lives at Ros
well, in Cobb county, has an acre of
rich red land in the rear of his home.
For years it has been sodded to Ber?
muda, and has made remarkable
growth. A year or two ago he seed?
ed it with vetch seed. Last year he
cut from this acre nine tons of well
cured hay. While this is a remark?
able yield considering the nature and
quality of the hay, yet Mr. Wing does
not consider this the limit. He says
if he would seed this acre to oats in
the fall and cut them as hay he be?
lieves the yield can be increased to
twelve or fifteen tons of hay per acre.
Here is a higher standard for you, but
It is not the limit.?Southern Cultiva?
$1,500 For One Farmer's Labor in
While down in Coffee county we
met Mr. H. \V. Andrews, of Rocking
ham. In speaking of South Georgia
and her crops this year he said:
"With one mule and only the help of
two little boys eleven and thirteen
years old, I will make plenty of corn
to do me and sell $1,500 worth of cot?
ton. Have sold already $750 worth
and will have as much more." This
shows what a farmer can do by his
own labor. If a man can earn $100
per month in the cities he is doing
well. His expenses are double those
of a farmer. It seems to us no farm?
er has room to complain when he can
make such earnings as this. What Mr.
Andrews has done others can do.
State Union Meeting.
Columbia, S. C, Oct. 19, 1909.
Dear Sir & Brother:
Therj will be a Farmers' Union
Mass Meeting in Columbia, S. C, dur?
ing the State Fair, on Friday, Nov. 5,
1909, at 7:30 p. m. The Richland
County Court House will be used, un?
less otherwise engaged at that time.
If any change of place is necessary
due notice will be given.
All the County Presidents are re?
quested to attend this meeting, and
the invitation is also extended to all
members of the Farmers' Union who
expect to attend the Fair. It is de?
sired to have as many members pres?
ent at this meeting as possible.
The newspapers will give full in?
formation as to reduced rates to the
This meeting is called to consider
what can be done to improve the
work of our organization; to set in
motion some definite plan to build
warehouses to be ready for use by
next season; to take up the fertilizer
question and the planting of legumes;
to consider the advisability of estab?
lishing an experimental station in
some one of the counties of the coas?
tal plain belt under the auspieces of
We hope that you will attend this
meeting and try to bring some other
Union members along with you.
By order of the President.
J. Whltner Reld, A. J. PERRITT,
Secretary. Pres. S. C. F. U.
If people were horn right and after
Wards lived right, thero would bo no
ose for medicine. L'very doctor knows
this. Bo do ether well-informed people.
One tiling more. Wh< n a person lives
wrongly, or acqu ires bodily weakness by
heredity, medicine can do only very
little. Medicine cannot cure him. Only
charlatans claim that medicines will
cure disease. Medicines may palliate
symptoms. Medicines may urge the
powers of Nature to resist disease. Med?
icines sometimes arouse the efforts of the
human body to right itself atrainst de?
rangements. This is the most that med?
icine can do.
A man accidentally pute his finger in
the fire. Instinctively he wets bis
finger in his mouth, then blows on it
for the cooling effect. This is no cure.
He knows it very well. But it makes it
feel better for the time being.
People eat unwisely. This produces
dyspepsia or indigestion. The only
rational euro is to eat correctly. Yet if
a palliative is at hand the pains of indi?
gestion can be mitigated, the throes of
dyspepsia assuaged. The medicine can?
not be said to have cured. It simply
palliates disagreeable symptoms. The
eure mi,st come through right living.
Take Peruna, for instance. No one
claims Peruna is a cure for dyspepsia.
But Peruna will stimulate the stomach
to perform its function properly. Peru?
na will Increase the flow of digestive
fluids, without which digestion cannot
be carried on at, all. It will increase the
relish of food, the appetite.
It is admitted that all this can be
accomplished by right living, hut there
are so many people who either will not
or do not know how to eat correctly that
a tremendous amount of good can be
done by the wise use of Peruna.
A stomach that has been frequently
abused performs the function of diges?
tion very lastly. Such a stomach allows
the food to remain undigested for some
time after it is swallowed. This leads
to fermentation of the food. Sour stom?
ach is toe result. This goes on week
after week, until the blood is poisoned
with the products of fermentation. This
condition is very apt to produce rheum?
It is not claimed that Peruna will cure
rheumatism. Nothing will cure rheum?
atism but correct living. But it is
claimed that Peruna will sssist a badly
abused stomach to .perform ita work.
Messrs. Johnson & Platt, architects
of this city have completed plans and
specifications for a handsome colonial
residence for Mr. G. A. Lemmon of
this city. Mr. J. W. McKiever has
been awarded the contract and will
begin work in a few days.
Plans and specifications have just
been completed by the same firm for
a large colonial residence for J. B.
Johnston, M. D., of St. George. This
contract has been awarded to Mr. C.
Lire Disease? i
e be Assisted?
I If a person would correct his habits,
persist in right eating aad temperate
w:.\ s, undoubtedly the stomach would ?
right itself, the blood would rid itself of
the poison, and everything would be
right. But a t said before there are a
multitude of people who will not or can?
not adopt right methods of living. To
I such people Feruna is a boon. A dose
I before meals will assist the stomach to
do its work. This prevents fermenta?
tion of the food, brings about normal ^
digestion, and ail the train of Ills tba47
follow indigestion disappear.
In other words, Peruna is helpful to
those who live badly, or those who
have acquired some chronic weakness,
Peruna does not cure, but it assists the
powers of Nature to bring about a cure.
The whip does not increase the power
of the horse to pull a load, but judUffe
ciously used it stimulates the horse to'
use his powers at the right time, with?
out which he could not have pulled the
This illustrates the effect of Peruna?
or any other good remedy upon the sys?
tem. Taken at the rljht time, it calls
forth the powers of the human systems
to meet the en. roachments of disease,^
and thus cuts short, if not entirely ends,
the diseased action.
No one should ever attempt to substi?
tute medicine in the place of right liv?
ing. In the end such an attempt will
prove a disaster. But an occasional use
of the right medicine at the right time jj
is a godsend, and no reasonable person
will undertake to deny it.
Those who know how to use Peruna
find it of untold value. By and by the
world will get wise enough so that
through correct living no medicine at
all will be needed. But that time has
not arrived. In the meantime, whilc^
the World is approaching that perfect
tion in which all medicine will be elim?
inated, Peruna is a handy remedy to
have in the house.
Slight derangements of tho stomach;
slight catarrh al attacks of the liver, the
throat, bronchial tubes, lungs or bow?
els; these attacks are sure to lead to
grave diseases, and can be averted b/Jfc
the judicious use of Peruna. *
Wouldn't you like to read a few un?
solicited testimonials from people who
have used Peruna, and who stand ready
to confirm the above statements con?
cerning it. If so, address the Peruna
Drug Manufacturing Co., Columbus*
Ohio, and we wtil send some prepaid,
H. Deal, of this city.
Mr. H. C. DesChamps of this city is
having plans and specifications pre?
pared by this firm for a modern two
story residence to be erected on War?
Johnson & Platt have just added*1
the engineering feature to their busi?
ness, with Mr. W. K. Tavel in charge
of this department.
The Horse Show is coming along
nicely and it promises to be as greatlj
a success as it was last year.
O'DONNELL 6 CO
Y F you are not perfectly sat
? isfied with the wear Red
Raven Hose for Ladies give
you, return them and get
another pair. No coupons to
sign, no red tape of any de?
scription. They just have to
give you satisfaction. The
price as low as any stocking
of the same quality without a
Red Raven Hosiery are guar?
anteed and only cost 25 cents.
New stock just in.
O'DONNELL 6 CO.