Newspaper Page Text
T LETTKK8 FROM OUR SPE?
of Interest From ell Parts of
and Adjoining Counties.
1CB TO CORRESPONDENTS.
II your Isttsrs so that they will
this office not later than Mon
whsn Intsndsd for Wednesdays
and not later than Thursday
turday's lssus. This, of course,
only to regular correspond
In case of ttemi of unusual
value, ssnd In Immediately by
tslsphons or tsleicraph. Such
stories ars acceptable up to ths
of going to prsss. Wednesday's
Is prlntsd Tuesday alte, noon
Saturday's papsr Friday after
OUR SUMMERTON LETTER.
tammerton. Oct. 25.?Considerable
at was seen here this morning, and
i decided cool change in ths weath
gives promlss of some more very
m. Just what part the changed
at her conditions ars playing In
abllshing ths pries of cotton and
ft how far ths government report of
? morning can bs said to havs ad
It ws ars not In position to
*sas7. but It Is very evident that there
m* a moving fores somewhere. Cotton
sold hers on Saturday at It 1-4
and Is today worth mors than
Ths receipts ars still fair and
seems yst to ha considerable In
Mr. i. R. Dingle, legislator and also
m Tory prominent farmer of this lo
saaMty. has recently contracted for a
gsaeollne engine outfit to be Installed
ass ale placs for the purposs of light
-4bsj his premises. Ths Summerton
I war? Co.. who ars agents for
plants, ars gradually convincing
psople of this vicinity of ths con
mcs of owning their own light
r4 I. M. Cantey, another of our
>atful farmers, mst with quite %
tnful accident on Friday afternoon* ]
mm Jug* ping from a wagon, a board on
-esttlcN he had stepped slipped, caus
4am ait. Cantsy to lose balance and
mm\ Uk falling his wrist, receiving the
?is weight of his body, was broken
sst above ths joint. We are glad to
aar that hs la getting along nicely.
'Quite a number of Summsrtonians
advantags of the excursion to
iter on Thursday night and at
"The Lion and ths Mouse.'
pronounce it a splendid per
ce, and one wsll worth the
An officer of the local lodge of the
?sjlghts of Pythias states that they
ssss succeeding In raising quits
tssadsome sum as a contribution to
sjse fund being secured for the pur
mymam of sreetlng a suitable memorial
Sjs the lets Dr. Thornwell. at Clinton,
H. C. The membership of this lodge
fa being Increased at every meeting,
askd It appears to be among the most
rieh Ing In the Stats.
Irs. O. M. Bslser, of Columbia,
it several days last week with her
saa, Mr. R. H. Bslser at "Woodside."
Mis* Kats Cantey who has charge
as? the school at Wilson's Mill speht
Maturday and Sunday at home.
Mr. R. Kennedy Rutlsdgs. of Rocky
int. N. Cm spent ths week-end
th his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. D.
i Lillian Cantey has returned
after a visit to relatives In
tesburg and Columbia.
Messrs. Smith and Mullins. of Man?
ag, wsrs in town today on business.
Rsv. Mr O. A. Blsckburn. of Co
ibla, wan a visitor in town last
John Laarens Honored.
8tateburg. Oct. 23.?Having seen by
papers several accounts of the
celebration of the 128th anniversary
of America's victory over the British
aft Torktown and not one hint that
John Laurens contributed In any way '
ta the success of our arms, and the
resultant capture of Cornwallls, the
Folnsett and Ravenel Literary So?
cieties of the Gen. Sumter Memorial
Academy at once met and passed the
Resolved: That we spare no effeort
to bring the services of Jobn Laurens
to the attention of the American peo
before the next annlversury of the
ipture of Cornwallls at Yorktonw,
it in the nest annual celebration of
this great day in our nation's history,
the name of Laurens may have its
?proper place and rearh its deserved
honor In the annals of patriotism the
And we meun what w?* say In this
resolution, for acmrdiiu: to the In?
formation we have. Laurens is beyond
all question the most Interesting fig?
ure In the memories of that battle.
Was It not Laurens who was sent by
Congress at Washington's suggestion
to secure French aid and did he not
return in a few months, bringing that
aid In money, men and ships? And,
can any authority be found to the ef?
fect that ths victory could have been
won without ths presence and services
of the French? And had not Frank
lln failed to secure this indispensable
aid? And does not this pat all the
honor for the contribution to the suc?
cess of the day by the Americans on
the man who brought the French
Now will some one tell us how
much longer we have to wait than
128 years to see Laurens recognised
properly for his matchless services
at this most critical hour in American
There is no uncertainty about Laur
ens' services in the American cause
during the Revolution; and there is
no uncertainty about the ignorance of
the American people in respect to his
services. In such a case, there should
be no uncertainty about the duty of
South Carolinians to bring the world's
attention to the character and far
reaching consequences of those ser?
And this task will not be completed
until a suitable monument is erected
in the city of Washington to his mem?
We are glad to know that there are
those in South Carolina who are mak?
ing this achievement one of the ob?
jects of their Uvea
(Signed) RAVBNEL LITERARY
COTTON MILLS MERGE.
Duke, the Tobacco King, la Believed
To be Planning to Control Number
Of Southern Planta?Southern
Power Company la Assisting the
The establishment of a string of
cotton mills near the various develop?
ments of the Southern Power Com?
pany in South Carolina that will rival
the manufacturing centres of New
England and the eventual merger of
these and other mills is believed to be
the plans J. B. Duke of New York,
and his associates in the Southern
Power Company and a number of
wealthy Carolina manufacturers.
The Republic Cotton Mill, to cost
$?00,000 and to be located at the
Great Falls station of the develop?
ment company will be the first of the
string. It has been organised by
some of the best known manufactur?
ers of North Carolina and It is under?
stood that Mr. Duke has figured In
the deal. Messrs. Hal and Robert S.
Mebane, of Graham, will be president
and secretary-treasurer respectively
and Mr. Thomas Fuller, of Durham,
will be vice-president.
The Southern Power Company has
adopted the broad policy of offering
large Inducements to manufacturers
who establish plants near the power
stations of the company as against the
higher contracts with those mills for
which transmission lines have to be
built and the current transmitted
scores of miles. The company now
proposea to make concessions in re?
gard to mill sites.
It Is understood that the Southern
Power Company will not take stock in
any of these mills, confining its activ?
ities to the development of waterpow
ers and the sale of the power, but it
is understood that Mr. J. B. Duke and
his brother, Mr. B. N. Duke, the latter
of Durham, with their associates, will
Invest a large sum. The Dukes are
already interested in the large Erwin
mills at Durham, Duke and Coolee
mee and recent developments, when
taken in connection with the rumor a
few months ago of a merger of South?
ern mills being planned by the Dukes,
furnishes interesting matter for spec?
ulation. Many people here believe
that the merger plan is being worked
out even now and that the Republic
and other mills to be established near
the Southern Power Company's sta?
tions will form an important addition
to the mills to be Included.
OLD KENTUCKY TO BE EDUCAT?
Club-Women Have Led a Remarkable |
Campaign to Reduce Illiteracy In :
"Kentucky's Fight for an Educa?
tion" is dramatically described by Ma?
bel Potter Daggett In The Delineator
The 1900 census for the United
States spread Kentucky's name in
print as 37th down the line in point of
literacy, with a population of 262.954
over ten years of age who could not
read or write, says Mrs. Daggett. The
people of the State found themselves
left at the post educationally, and by
rivals unknown to fame for either
blue grass or corn whiskey!
There were Kentucky gentlemen
who, having looked into one another's
eyes over those statistics of Illiteracy,
Just looked away again. It was an
unpleasant subject. No stranger In
the State dared mention It in conver?
sation, and no resident cared to.
There followed a long period of si?
lence about the matter. It was brok?
en at length at the meeting of the
State Federation of Women's Clubs.
They had appointed a new commit?
tee, a committee on education. The
first word was spoken by its chairman.
The committee made an investigation
that was sweeping and complete. What
they learned, the chairman told the
Federation In her next report. She
is Miss Martha Stephenson. What she
said corroborated all she had said be?
fore?and worse. Kentucky 37tbj
down the line of States! Ladies, that
is so only when you reckon by its en?
tire population. It is not the negro
that raises it to that rank. There are
more white illiterates than black. On
the basis alone of its white population
who can not read or write, it drops
to 42nd in the line. And on the ba?
sis of the percentage of illiteracy
among native white voters of native
parentage, it ranks 49th, with only
three States below it. The number of
these illiterate white men in Ken?
tucky is 65,717. In some counties ev?
ery third man, as he steps into the
voting booth, must look at the picture
to know how he is casting his ballot.
Each generation is adding to this crop
of underslrable citizens. Less than 50
per cent, of the children of school age
In Kentucky were attending school In
1900. And many of those that went
were but little better off; for rural ed?
ucational affairs in the State were be?
ing administered by school trustees
of whom five thousand could not even
read or write.
The Federation went home to form
an education committee in every one
of the local clubs. The women on
those committees had usually sent
their own children away to private
schools to be educated. What kind
of schools the neighborhood provided
for less fortunate children pad never
particularly concerned them. But
now they went out to see. They dis?
covered that in one hundred and nine?
ty districts in Kentucky the public
school had altogether faded away and
there was no free school at all. Some
had school for two or three or four
months a year, as long as the allot?
ment of money from the State held
out. In twelve hundred and thirty
eight districts the buildings were of
logs like those of a century and a
half ago. Some had shabby little one
room shacks. Exhibits like these
were not limited to the poor mountain
sections. The richest blue-grass coun?
ties had them in districts that sell
their horses for from $500 to $100,
000 a piece. One of these pitiful edi?
fices that the community raised to ed?
ucation stands in the shadow of a
$10,000 monument to a dead race?
It was plain that moi'e of the money
that Kentucky made and spent on
horses ought to be spent on children
and on schools. There ought to be lo?
cal taxes levied for this purpose, and
the owners of the stately, widespread
Ing estates ought to be made to help
pay. The women said so and said it
everywhere they went.
In 1905, as the state department
records relate, "a large body of citi?
zens and educators" began to take no?
tice, "recognizing the backwardness
of Kentucky educationally." The Ken?
tucky Educational Association was
getting under way. A little later they
invited the Federation to send dele?
gates to meet them in a conference
about what to do for Kentucky's
At no time in the history of the
South have women been members of
a more important conference for pub?
lic eduacllon. Here was planned the
legislation to be launched on the
waves of the coming great education?
al campaign of 1908. The plans were
endorsed by the society of college men
in a conference to which they, too,
invited Federation delegates.
When the General Assembly of
1908 met it enacted legislation that
will give Kentucky the education It
needs. The credit for the victory that
carried it through, I have no doubt,
would be variously claimed. The Ed?
ucational Improvement Commission
think they did it. The school men
think they did it. And the politicians
think they did it. But any one who
looks can clearly see that it was wo?
men's hands that were at the lever
of public opinion, guiding and direct?
ing the force in accordance with
which all things happened.
MODERN CHRISTIANS CARE LESS
Character and Service Mean More
Than Creed and Ceremony.
The best Christians today think less
of getting to heaven than of estab?
lishing the kingdom of heaven on
earth. Creed and ceremony are less
valued than character and service.
The truest children of God are more
absorbed in doing the will of their
Father than in telling Him, however
sincerely and fittingly, that they love
Him. Worship, Indeed, must never,
can never, die! As well attempt to
fill the ocean with a drop, as to satis?
fy the heart of man with anything
less than God. But if there be a real
lack of piety and its manifestation
publicly, this must not blind us to the
undoubted' fact, well stated by that
Christian magistrate, Mayor Logan of
Worcester, "that there is more hon?
esty, truth and charity, more real re?
ligious power, in the world today than
ever before, though it is not all in
the church, and does not find expres?
sion in the ecclesiastical language of
the past,"?-Edward Tallmadge Root
in The Delineator for November.
Send us your J)b work.
WEEKLY TRADE REVIEW.
Favorable Development? Marked Dur
lug Past Week.
New York, Oct. 22.?Bradstreefs
tomorrow will say: Trade and Indus?
trial developments are largely favor?
able. Continued cool weather fur?
nishes a marked stimulus to demand
for heavy wearing apparel, dry goods,
clothing and shoes, and also benefits
demand tor hardware, groceries,
lumber and building materials at re?
tail in most markets. Demand for
coal has been perceptibly quickened
for steam sizes. The liquor trades
plso display more life, which may be
variously attributed to weather in?
fluences or to renewal of consump?
tion made possible by improved pay
roll In general industry.
Jobbing trade is good for the saa
son. There is still evidence of conser?
vatism, bred of higher prices asked
for cofcon goods for distant delivery,
but the general tendency Is still up?
ward and staples products are selling
better at advanced prices.
In general industry the previous
full pace is maintained. Iron and steel
easily lead with production records
for the season.
Business failures for the week end?
ing October 21, were 244, against 220
last week, 231 in the like week of
1908; 220 in 1907, 184 in 1906, and
178 in 1905.
MILL SHUT-DOWN SERIOUS.
Step Amounts to Refusal of the Mills
To Run at a Loss.
Columbia, Oct. 24.?The news that
a series of cotton mills in Spartanburg
county have actually closed down is
of serious import. It was expected
that ther* wo d be more or less cur?
tailment M \e cloth goods market
responded . ;he cost of the raw cot?
ton. It, however, appears that on
many classes of goods, particularly
the heavier products, that the buyers
of the cloth do not want to pay more
than they did when cotton was selling
for 8 and 10 cents per pound. The
cotton mills naturally prefer to see
high price cotton, if they can get the
cloth goods market to respond to the
increase in cost. The buyers of cloth
have for years been accustomed to let
mills run at a dead loss, always be?
lieving some mills would operate to
let them buy what was needed in
"hand-to-mouth" purchasing. The
trouble is with the cloth market.
It may be noted that most of the
mills in the State, except in special
instances, are running five days in
the week. Saturday is a half holiday
with cotton mills, and in Columbia,
for instance the Parker mills are run?
ning full time for five days and do not
run on Saturday.
The Arkwright Club, representing
New England spinners, has agreed on
this resolution: ,
"That it is the sense of the club
that the production of cotton goods
should be curtailed to an amount
equivalent to that of the 224 working
hours, between this time and Antust
next, and that, as part of suci. cur?
tailment, the Massachusetts mills
should go upon a basis of 56 hours
per ?week on November 1."
ANTHRACNOSE SCARE CAUSE?
Reports of Loss Caused by Disease
Said to bo Exaggerated.
Washington, Oct. 24.?Unnecesasry
alarm, in the judgment of the cotton
experts of the department of agricul?
ture, is manifested by cotton planters
ever the ravages of anthracnose. Re?
cently it has been reported that the
disease is costing the cotton growers
of two States in the cotton belt about
$19,000,000 a year.
"This statement," said Prof. W. A.
Orton, pathologist of the Bureau of
Plant Industry of the Department of
Agriculture, "manifestly is impossible.
No such loss as that could occur in
any one State, or in any two States,
from anthracnose. In a sense, it is a
sporadic disease, which is likely to
affect seriously a limited territory, but
.it is quite unlikely that it could affect
any particular State to such an ex?
"The disease is prevalent in all cot?
ton districts every season, but rarely
causes serious injury. In wet seasons
it does cause losses here and there,
amounting sometimes to one-fourth or
even one-half of the crop. The aggre?
gate loss, while large when the whole
country is considered, does not make
in any one year a serious inroad on
the total crop.
"In Alabama, for instance, the loss
in particular fields may be one-half
of the crop; yet a few miles away
there will be little, if any, evidence
of it. The sections that sufTer from
the losses usually are limited.
"Anthracnose appears on the bolls
as dark spots, which enlarge and be?
come somewhat sunken in the centres,
which are pink or reddish brown."
W. A. Gilbert, of the Bureau of
Plant Industry, is now in the South
making a study of anthracnose .and
it is expected that he will make a
comprehensive report on the subject
within a few weeks.
BOLL WEEVIL'S BML
COTTON CHOP IS LOSING BE?
CAUSE OF ANTHRACNOSE.
Exhaustive Report Made by Clemson
College Expert on Work Done by
HI in in South Carolina.
Columbia, Oot. 23.?Startling In its
nature and of vital importance is the
announcement that comes from Clem
son College to the effect that the cot?
ton anthracnose is causing a loss to
the State of nearly $5,000,000 annual?
ly. More startling still is the state?
ment that the disease is spreading
rapidly and that many of the farmers
of the State, in all sections, are los?
ing from one-fourth to one-half of
The announcement came yesterday
In the nature of a letter from H. W.
Barre, the botanist at Clemson, to
Commissioner Watson, who made a
request for a report on the investiga?
tion of the cotton anthracnose while
on a recent visit to the institution.
During the past year the experi?
ment station at Clemson has made a
thorough and exhaustive study of the
ravages of the antracnose and have
collected data of a conclusive and
convincing nature which shows that
something must be done to check It
and must be done at once.
"In the majority of cases, ' says the
latter, "the original infection can be
traced to seed of some so-called im?
proved variety purchased from seed
houses or individual cotton breeders.
In a number of cases antracnose has
appeared this year where cotton has
not been planted before. The seed
which were used in planting the fields,
when they could be obtained, were
found to contain the anthracnose fun?
gus. We have in this way traced a
large number of cases of anthracnose
to various seed houses."
The estimated annual loss in Geor?
gia from anthracnose is estimated at
"The remedy," states the report,
"of course must be in the form of a
preventive. The seed are acting as a
distributing agent. This we are pre?
paring to do and by co-operating with
the various other agricultural inter?
ests of the State, we hope that some
plan can be perfected which will ac?
complish this. First then we must
induce the farmer to secure clean or
diseases free seed."
The following is the report as sub?
mitted to Commissioner Watson:
"In accordance with your request
made in company with Prof. Harper
this morning, am stating below in
brief the present status of the cotton
"Owing to the spread of this dis?
ease and the great losses which were
bein.? sustained by farmers in differ?
ent sections of the State, an investiga?
tion was begun here last year. This
investigation has been continued since
that time and in it we have tried to
study the different aspects of the dis?
ease. We have investigated different
phases and in doing this have ever
kepi in mind the value of the results
from a practical standpoint. This
work has been laborious and tedious
and at times discouraging, but we are
pleased to report at present that we
are about to be rewarded for our la?
bor. While studying the seed taken
from the field where the disease oc
cured last year, I found the fungus
filaments and spores inside of mature
cotton seed. We then immediately
set about to study the significance of
this. Upon germinating large numbers
of the seed it was noted that the dis?
eased seed produced diseased seed?
lings. Some of these diseased seed?
lings seemed to struggle through the
early part of their lives in spite of
the disease, and upoh maturity pro?
duced diseased fruit <?nd seed. Some
of these seed matured sufficiently to
germinate the next spring and thus
continue to spread disease. Now, as
you will readily see, this phase of
the investigation is of an immense
practical importance. Every one who
has the disease in his cotton and sells
or gives the seed to his neighbors or
other farmers, aids in distributing the
disease. Where it is once establish?
ed it will remain indefinitely, as long
as cotton is planted continually on
the same land. Since I discovered the
fungus on the inside of the seed, I
have been using this as a clue and
have found some very interesting
things in relation to the history of the
badly infected areas in different see
tions of the State. In the majority
of cases the original infection can
readily be traced to seed of some so
called improved variety purchased
from seed houses or individual cotton
breeders. In a number <>f eases an*
thacnose has appeared this year
where cotton has not been planted
before. The seed which were used in
planting thsc fields, when they could
be obtained, were found to contain
the anthracnose fungus. We have in
this way traced a large number of
cases of anthracnose to various seed
"Now, as I have said, this is some?
thing that means a great deal to
South Carolina farmers. The annual
loss from anthracnose at present is
great and it is sure to be greatly In?
creased If present methods are con
tinued. The estimated annual loss in
Georgia is $14,500,000. A conserva?
tive estimate of the loss of this State
would be from $4,000,000 to $5,000,
000 annually. In various other South?
ern states the loss is equally as great,
or in some apparently greater. In
many cases here we find farmers los?
ing from one-fourth to one-half of
their crops. It t >ems that with the
results of this investigation at hand
it is time to take some definite step
with the view of eradicating this dis?
ease. This we are preparing to do,
and by cooperation with the various
other agricultural interests of the
State we hope that some plan can be
perfected which will accomplish this.
The remedy of course must he in the
form of a preventive. The seed are
acting as a distributing agent. First,
then, we must induce the farmer to
secure clean or disease free seed. This
he can do if he takes the trouble to
go into the field and pick only per?
fectly healthy cotton for seed and
then have this ginned separately.
When he has secured disease free
seed in this way he must plant them
on land which was not in cotton the
previous year as the fungus lives over
winter in the soil and a mere selec?
tion of clean seed would not of itself
eadicate the disease. Our results
have shown that the fungus will not
live in the soil or on the old diseased
bolls and stalks for more than a year
so that with one year's rotation and
absolutely clean seed, it seems that
the disease can be eradicated.
"You readily see, then, that com?
bating this disease is made compara?
tively simple and by instituting these
practices every farmer in the State
could free his place of this dread dis?
ease. In this connection it seems that,
in the near future it will be necessary
to protect the farmers still further by
having some sort of seed inspection
law which will prevent the shipping
into the State or the sale within the
State of seed which are diseased. By
the enforcement of such a law, we
could compel those who are breeding
cotton and selling seed to put on the
market only seed which are free from
"The results of this investigation
have been accumulating since the
work was begun, but are just reach?
ing the point wnere it seems advisable
to publish them. The work will be
published according to present ar- I
rangements in the experiement sta?
tion report, which goes to press short?
ly. In this illustrations and photo?
graphs wir be given, showing the va?
rious phases of the life history of the
fungus, its method of infection, dis?
tribution, etc. This seed phase of the
investigation we take pleasure in pre?
senting in a popular way at present
with the hope that it will be of ser?
vice to the farmers in making seed se?
lect o s this fall."
BIG NEW COTTON MILL PLANNED
Six Hundred Thousand Dollar Struc?
ture to be Erected at Great fall".
Lancaster, Oct. 22.?A $600,000 cot?
ton mill, to be located at Great Falls,
tributary to the monster power plant
of the Southern Power Company, is
the latest development for this sec?
tion. The new mil;, the erection of
which seems to be fully assured, will
be known as "The Republic Cotton
Mill." and will be one of the most
modern textile plants in the South to?
day. It is said that Messrs. Hal Me*
bane and Robt. S. Mebane, of Gra?
ham, N. C, and Thos. Fuller, of Dur?
ham, are the prime movers in this en?
terprise. Sometime ago it was rumor?
ed that Mr. J. B. Duke and allied in?
terests were considering a plan to
build a chain of textile plants on the
Catawba, near their big hydro-electric
development, but the Republic Mill,
it Is understood, will be in no wise
connected with these inteests.
COMPETES WITH CAROLINAS.
Tobaeco Industry Gaining Fast lit Far
East?Labor is Cheap liiere.
Columbia. Oct. 22.?Tobacco sales?
men who have recently been at head
quartes say the rapid and successful
development of the tobacco industry
in Africa promises formidable compe
tion for the bright tobacco growers in
the Carolinas and Virginia. The
American Tobacco Company and the
Imperial Company have sent special
agents to Central Africa to analyze
the situation. Reports from I?MM
men say an ominous feature of the
African production is the fact that
most of the labor is cheap, being per?
formed by slaves. Labor cost is being
further reduced by the use of all
kinds of modern machinery. while
free native workmen are glad to get
as much as $1 per month wages. Land
Negro Homicide at llartsville.
Hartsville, Oct. 24.?Ed Isaacs, a
negro, killed Calvin Zimmerman, an?
other negro, at noon today, as the re?
sult of a quarrel which arose after the
men had been drinking together. Zim?
merman chased Isaacs out of the
house, shooting at the latter several
times, bit without effect, Isaacs then
procured a shotgun and, returning,
emptied both barrels into Zimmer?
man, killing him instantly.