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MCE 111 ASSASSINATED.
I MEAN SHOOTS HIM IN HARBIN
Make* No Effort to
Roam* That Ho Hod Avenged
Wrongs Has Country Suffered
s\t sMaMsl of Japan.
Harbin. Get ft.?Prince Hlrobuml
former Japanese president gen
of Korea and probably Japan's
statesman, was assassinated
ejg the TsalUagan railway station here
sgsday. At the moment the Jspsnese
Coaaat was acknowledging the
ly welcome that had greeted him
sna hs stepped down from the coach
he had occupied In the railroad
Smiling and bowing, he turn
to make his way toward the Re?
finance minister. M. Kokovsoff,
was awaiting him on ths station
Form n few pacss distant. Sud
o half dosen rsvolver shots
red In quick succession wsre heard,
Mowed by the cries of those stand
sj near ths prince who had either
wounded or imagined them
to be. At the second report
Ito staggered and fell faint
It was subsequently found that
received three bullets, two of
:h entered the abdomen. Prince
did not regain consciousness and
10 minutes later.
fusllads of shots thrsw the
Into a panic, and It was some
before It could be determined
beside ths prince, had suffered,
the excitement had somewhat
lead It waa found that three oth
nabere of the party on ths plat
had been Injured. Prince Ito's
secretary received a bullst, as
dttt Japanese Consul General Kawa
tJsss and General Manager Tanka of
fJao South Msnchurlan railway, who
%nd been standing eloos to the prince
firing began. It it thought that
three are not mortally wounded,
perpetrator of the outrage waa'1
to locate as he stood defiant
In the crowd, revolver In hand. Hs
oved to be a Korean, and, with two
sn pen to TVs of the same nationality,
of a conspiracy to take the
of ths former president general of
In satisfaction for the alleged
iy of the prince over Koreans,
the police pounced upon the
Koreans ths ons who did the
sassotmg exclaimed dramatically: "I
ejaane to Harbin for the sols purpose
^ejf assassinating Prince Ito to avenge
None of the three Koreans attempt
ejl to escape. The assassin later sd
-ejnsttad thst be had a personal grudge
ejBjnJnst the Japanese statesman, who.
settle president genersl in Korea, had
amused the execution of several of his
It had been supposed that the po- |
protection for the prince was ade- !
ite but the police stated later that
they were unable to distinguish the
Koreans among the many Japanese
who bsd been admitted to the rail?
way station to welcome the prince.
The Russian police stated that the
Japanese consul genersl. Kawanakan.
had authc-lsed them to permit en?
trance to the station of all Japanese
who sought admission.
Very soon after death the body of
Prince Ito was made ready for re?
al home and, placed upon a rail
train. The casket was covered
flowers and In other ways the
w of the official and public life
Prince Ito had come to Harbin to
let M. Kokovsoff. the Russian min?
or of finance, for what was believed
be an Important conference. The
nference was suggested by Prince !
? In his capacity as president of the j
council of Japan. The subjects
On be discussed were not definitely
known to the public but they were
supposed to concern affairs of admin?
istration in Manchuria. Kokovsoff
had before declined an Invitation to
esslt Japan for such a conference, and
Harbin was agreed upon as a meeting j
place. In accepting the Invitation the ;
sslsn minister said that political |
Hons must be barred, as he was,
potent only to discuss financial j
technical subjects, those concern
the status of the Manchurlan rait
The conference had been an
aweneed widely In advance and It was
generally known when the diplomats
would reach Harbin.
?Ither run s town with a vim or
an sell out and losf. One thing
be done?run the town for all
It Is worth. Get up steam and
steep It up. Do you want trade? En
e^nrage whst you have. Do you want
a prosperous town? Then never per
the Jeslousle? to rule your ae
i, but work together for common
Unter den Linden Is the centre of
rlln and the hub of the German
nsnplre. This msgnlflcent boulevard Is
Its feet In width, and under tho
of Its lime trees the Berliners
a meeting plsce which Is equal
architectural beauty to any In Ku?
lt Is lined on either side with
oent hotels, restaurants and
SAND HILL FARMING.
Marked Success in Increasing Fertility
Of Land by Growing Winter Cover
The Columbia correspondent of the
Augusta Chronicle writes interesting?
ly of a successful effort to Improve
sand hill land and grow profitable
crops without using barn yard man?
ure. He says:
One frequently hears it said that it
is impossible to maintain the fertility
of the soil without the use of live
stock. It is supposed that only by
using barn-yard manure the organic
matter in the soil can be profitably
maintained. Experiments with win?
ter cover crops, however are rapidly
disproving this theory. By growing
vetch, burr cloever, or crimson clover,
and either cutting them off for hay
or turning them under as a manure
crop the poorest of soil with the prop?
er fertilisation and cultivation can he
brought up to a high state of fertility, j
An excellent example of this fact
has been demonstrated on the Gon?
zales Farm, near Columbia. In the
spring of 1906 Mr. Gonzales took hold
of nine acres of the poorest kind of
sand-hill land. The previous crop was
Bumble Bee cotton, the stalks being
not more than six Inches high. The
clay In this land is so deep down that
It has never yet been discovered.
The first plowing given this land
was shallow, but It has been gradual?
ly dsspensd until In the fall of 1908
it was plowed twelve inches deep with
a disc plow. The fertilisers have been
only acid phosphate, and potash.
Three hundred pounds of the former
sad one hundred pounds of the latter
per acre applied before planting each
crop except once each year a small
amount of cotton seed meal was ad?
The first crop planted in the spring
of 1906 was sorghum, only a part of
It was large enough to cut for hay, the
remainder being so small it had to be
plowed under. In the fall of 1906 the
land was sowed In oats and vetch.
Only a small growth was secured. The
vetch grew only on about half the
field, as the land had no\ been lnnoc
The oats and vetch were cut for
hay. the yield being light. In the
spring of 1907 after the oats and
vetch were removed the field was sow?
ed in peas. The yield was better than
that of the oats and vetch but still
was not heavy. After the peas were
moved, vetch and oats were sowed
again. This was cut for hay in4 the
spring of 1908. The yield was. better
than the previous year as more of the
land had become innoculated for
vetch. After the hay was cut, corn
was planted, Intending to harvest it
for grain. The yield was estimated at
30 bushels per acre, but it was put
in the silo instead of husking.
In October U08. soil was taken
from the part of the field where vetch
had grown most luxuriantly and scat?
tered over thA parts where It had not
grown before in order to inoculate the
An application of fifteen hundred
pounds of air slaked lime per acre
was made in order to correct the ac?
idity of the soil. Oats and vetch were
then sowed. The vetch grew over the
entire field for the first time. The
crop was cut for silage, yielding nine
tons per acre, or the equivalent of a
little more than two tons of hay per
The silage has since been fed to
dairy cows with marked success. Fol
lowing the crop of oats and vetch cow
psag were planted in June, 1909.
These made a yield of approximately
two and one-half tons per acre. A
heavier growth rarely ever having
This shows conclusively what can
be done in building up land without
the use of barnyard manure, and by
judiri >us use of fertilizer, and winter
cover crops. But a little ammonia was
used, the vetch and cowpeas having
supplied the larger portion. The yield
of cotton In 1905 and the sorghum In
1906 was almost lnsignflcant but this
year, the fourth year after beginning
with the land Mr. Gonzales with only
moderate amount of fertilizer has se?
cured a yield of four and one-half
tons of hay per acre.
Prof. A. G. Smith, of the United
States Bureau of Plant Industry is
doing this kind of work all over the
State, there being now planted 325
fields of vetch, burr clover, crimson
clover, red clover and alfalfa under his
direction In all sections of the State.
Live stock growing should not he
dscouraged by any one but for those
who do not have the menu.; or the
knowledge to follow up such an in?
dustry can build up their lands by the
no ans of winter cover crops as Mr.
Gonzales has done on bis farm whose
soil is only typical of the sandhill re?
gion of the State.
Miss (Mara M. Howard has been
appointed to the International fellow?
ship founded by the Society of Amer?
ican Women in London. She is in?
structor in rhetoric and composition
at Wellesley College.
Send us your Job work.
COAST LINE IMPROVEMENTS.
Company Preparing to Issue a Huge
Mortgage? Double Tracking In
Baltimore, Oct. 26.?Stockholder?*
of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
company, It was understood here to?
day, probably will be asked at the an?
nual meeting, to be held In Rich?
mond, Va., November 10, to authorize
a refunding mortgage to provide
funds for improvements and to retire
underlying liens. Notices apprising
stockholders of this action are ex?
pected to be sent out shortly.
It is understood that the company,
which is controlled by Baltimore cap?
ital, does not contemplate issuing any
of the bonds In the Immediate future,
but the directors wish to be in a posi?
tion to raise money for double-track?
ing and otherwise improving the sys?
tem when they decide the time is pro?
Cotton Goods in Manchuria.
Consul R. S. Greene, of Harbin,
finds that there is much interest in
the status of the cotton goods trade
of Manchuria. He says: "The neces?
sity of taking measures not only to
extend, but even to preserve the ex?
isting market for American cotton
goods in China, should be brought
clearly to the attention of American
manufacturers. The situation in Man?
churia requires special notice, where
the Japanese are energetically intro?
ducing their sheetings, shirtings, and
drills. The leading mills have com?
bined for this purpose and have ap?
pointed as agents the Mitsui Bussan
Kaisha, which has offices in all the
leading cities of Manchuria, and con?
ducts an exclusive business In both
exports and imports. The cotton
goods are shipped on consignment di?
rect to the branches of this company
In the principal market towns, and
special banking arrangements have
been made, so that the heavy loss by
exchange ordinarily Incurred in mak?
ing payments or remittances In Man?
churia is reduced to a minimum,
while the money necessary to finance
the business is advanced at unusually
"Thus the Chinese merchant in the
interior who wishes to buy a few
bales of sheetings finds the Japanese
article for sale in his own city at a
price which seems to him very rea?
sonable. He can examine the gods
and take delivery immediately if he
wishes, or he can order from sample
for future delivery. On the other
hand, if he prefers American goods,
he will probably have to order them
from Newchwang. On account of the
chaotic condition of the currency In
Manchuria, he has to pay not only
' the Newchwang merchant's commis?
sion, but also a considerable premium
on his remittance. But the New?
chwang merchant himself has bought
the goods, not from the manufactur?
er, but from an importer in Shang?
hai, whose expenses and commission
are added to the cost of the cloth. A
very heavy loss by exchange between
Shanghai and Newchwang has also
to be included. Consequently, by the
time the goods have reached the trad?
er in the interior their prices seem
unreasonably high, compared with the
Japanese goods, even considering
their superior quality.
"The remedy is simply for Ameri?
can manufacturers to follow the ex?
ample of the Japanese and go after
the business themselves. To speak
only of the Manchurian market, the
manufacturers of several of the most
popular 'chops' should combine to j
send a well qualified agent, acquaint- j
ed with Chinese business, to reside,
says, at Kuangchengtzu, the principal
OOtton-gOOds emporium of the three
eastern provinces. From there he
could go by rail in 24 hours or less to
Newchwang, Dalny, Mukden, Liao
yang, Hsinmlntun, or Kirin, and An
tung, Tsitsihar and Intermediate
points would be within reach. At
Kuangchengtzu a small stock of the
goods most in demand should be kept
under the immediate supervision of
the agent, and arrangements could be
made with a reliable firm In Dalny
to act as warehouse agents to receive
shipments and forward them as re?
quired to various points in the in?
terior. By traveling from town to
town with a good compradore the
agent could get and keep in touch
with the leading merchants in each
place. Once the business is well start?
ed an effort should be made to keep
prices as stable as possible, even at
the cost of some loss by fluctuations
of exchange. With reasonable care
losses and gains by exchange can be
made to balance.
"Unless the manufacturers get af?
ter the business themselves very soon
the Japanese goods will be so strong?
ly Intrenched that It will be difficult
to supplant them. At present Amer?
ican goods are well and favorably
known, and advantage should be tak?
en of this start. There can be no
question of protecting the local trade
by staying out of the business, as the
commission merchants have been
given a chance and have failed to
protect adequately the interest of
BOY FARMERS GIVEN PRIZES.
Splendid Showing Made by Youthful
Planten* of Clarendon.
Manning, Oct. 26.?The exhibit
made here today by members of the
Clarendon County Boys* Corn Grow?
ing Club, working under the direction
of the bureau of plant industry of
the United States department of ag?
riculture, was highly creditable in
every particular, except that there
was not as many exhibits as was de?
sired. Quite a number of prominent
farmers from different sections of the
county attended the exhibition, and
there were also present Mr. A. G.
Smith, expert on corn culture, and
Mr. Ira W. Williams, State manager
of the farm demonstration work. Af?
ter careful consideration of the merits
of the several exhibits, the committees
awarded the following prizes:
Twenty nest ears of corn, $10, Jeff
Twenty second best ears of corn, $5,
J. B. Bagnal, Wilson's.
Greatest yield of corn per acre, 93
bushels, $10, Ernest C. Way, Sil?
Cheapest production, 14.6 cents per
bushel, $6, Wesley Graham, Jordan.
Best bushel shelled corn, .22 cali?
bre rifle. J. B. Bagnal, Wilson's.
Best six stalks cotton, $5, Thomas
Second best six stalks cotton, $3,
Edgar Way, Silver.
Greatest yield of cotton per acre,
2,800 pounds to date, Chesterfield hat,
won by Edgar Way, Sliver.
A scheme is under consideration to
further the work for 1910 somewhat
as follows: Organize as many as
ten clubs, with any number from ten
to twenty boys in each club; charge
a fee of $1.50 per year for each mem?
ber; the Manning board of trade, the
county of Clarendon and the county
board of education to jointly agree to
raise or guarantee $300 to apply on
the salary of a Government expert,
the agricultural department to pay
balance of salary, said expert to come
to this county and become a traveling
teacher of agriculture, visiting each
club twice a month, prescribing a
course of study in agriculture, quiz?
zing on subjects studied, lecturing and
practically demonstrating in the lines
studied; a variety of valuable prizes
to be offered and every possible effort
made to advance the cause of suc?
cessful, scientific agriculture in this
county. Further details will be pub?
lished as the plan develops, and it is
hoped there will be a more extensive
and more enthusiastic competition
next year than there was this year.
In Need of Herod.
Portsmouth Square, the old Span?
ish plaza of the city centers a Chinese
and Italian tenement population. By
all the rules of probability, there
should have been a struggle of the
races on Portsmouth Square that
morning. As a matter of fact, the
Italians were stupefied and the Chi?
nese accepted it as a matter of course.
When the fire came their way, says
Will Irwin in his stories of the San j
Francisco fire appearing in "Success
Magazine," the Chinese took their
treasure chests and the Italians their
bedding, and trooped in stupefied
silence into the Square, where they
camped out under guard of the re?
gular army. On the afternoon of that
first day. one whom we will
call Dr. Friend, passed the Square
drugging his trunk. An acquaintance
met him, and the following result?
"Hello, Dr. Friend." he called. A
sergeant of regulars heard the
"Are you a doctor?" he asked.
"Well, there are babies being born
over here in the crowd and we've
looked everywhere for a doctor.
Come over and get busy."
"I car't refuse to help?but I've
got a family waiting for me!" pretest?
ed the doctor.
"Get busy!" responded the sergeant
with a suggestive shift of his gun. In
that day a soldier had only to raise
his finger and the citizen obeyed.
Dr. Friend found three patients un?
der a tent of blankets. Everything
went nicely. By evening there were
three new babies in Portsmouth
The doctor cut up an army blanket
to wrap them. The sergeant halted
an army ambulance which happened
to be empty. They laid out the moth?
ers?two of them Italian and the third
a Pole?on the floor of the ambu?
lance, tucked the babies safely on the
shelves, and drove to the temporary
After the attendants had unloaded
mothers and babies, the doctor and
the ambulance started back for Ports?
mouth Square. An orderly ran up
and stopped them.
"Doctor!" he called, "which baby
goes with which mother?"
Dr. Friend's mouth flew open, and
his hands dropped.
?TU be d-d If I know!" he
A. K. Relnhart has opened a new
hotel in Gaffney. It Is known as the
Southern Mill "Slavery."
Several months ago some of the
sensational magazines tilled their
pages with accounts of what they
called "child slavery in the South."
Special commissioners, including sev?
eral women, were sent to the South?
ern cotton mill districts. We had pa?
thos and rhetoric and vivid word pic?
tures, human interested narratives,
sobs in type and the rest of it. This
newspaper has little confidence in
stuff of that kind. If a Northern mag?
azine writer sent to a Southern cot?
ton mill town reported the conditions
good and the working people reason?
ably well and happy the story would
have no interest. It would be a bald
statement of fact. Probably it would
not be printed and the writer would
miss the space and maybe lose his or
her job. The public likes to have its
feelings stirred. A picture of a cotton
mill girl fairly good looking, well
dressed and in good health would be
of no value from a news or magazine
standpoint. It would be common
place and usual. A photograph of a
child emaciated and miserable ap?
peals to the sensibilities. It is pic?
turesque and stirring.
On two or three occasions The News
Leader, discussing the question of cot?
ton mill labor in the South, has re?
ferred to the town of Pelzer, S. C. The
town was chosen as an illustration be?
cause healtn statistics are kept care?
fully by the mill management and,
therefore, any assertion regarding
conditions there can be verified offi?
cially. In the South Carolina news?
papers of October 18 we find one of
the annual reports from Pelzer. The
town has a population of a little over
5,000. It has four or five large cotton
mills, all owned by the same company,
and 2,800 of its people, more than
half, actually are engaged in daily la?
bor in the mills. Last year the deaths
were 19, not quite four to the thou?
sand. The births were 239. Twelve
of the deaths were those of Infants.
Only one death was caused ijy con?
These actual facts will offset col?
umns and pages of argument and as?
sertions and eloquence. The death
rate is not quite 4 to the 1,000 a year.
The birth rate is nearly 50 per 1,000
a year. These are facts and all the
theory in the world cannot prevail
against them. People who are over?
worked or starved or miserable or
who live in the unwholesome condi?
tion so vividly described by the mag?
azine writers do not have the vigor
and vitality represented by a death
rate of four to the thousand and a
birth rate of fifty to the thousand.
This town is owned and governed
entirely by the mill company. It has
no municipal government or organi?
zation and the population is entirely
white, no negroes being permitted to
live within its limits. We do not mean
to say that every cotton mill town in
the South would show the same con?
ditions. We doubt if another town in
the country of like population has a
death rate so small and a birth rate
so large. The facts from Pelzer
show, however, that work in cotton
mills is not necessarily unwholesome
or injurious and need not involve any
impairment of physical or mental
strength. The first Pelzer mill was
completed about 27 years ago. Some
of the present employes are grand?
children of those who worked in this
first mill, representing the third gen?
eration of cotton mill workers in the
same town. Evidently there is no im?
pairment of constitution and no in?
herited weakness. The demonstra?
tion is complete that where the man?
agement is wise and the people have
the intelligence to co-operate with the
methods used to maintain the public
health cotvon mill labor and life real?
ly is more wholesome and more con?
ducive to physical well being and long
living than employment on farms.
Gabriele d'Annunzio, in search for
"color" for his next novel, in which
an aviator is to be the hero, is to ride
with Glenn H. Curtiss in his areo
WHICH SHALL IT BE ?
Having tried all other remedies,
Will you continue to suffer
through false pride?
DON'T BE FOOLISH.
Repeated Eye Headaches sap
one's vitality and bring about a
general nervous break down.
Lot Us Relieve Your Headache
by Removing the Cause.
Save your Eyes and nervous
I have a graduate Optician
in charge of my Optical Parlor
and all work is guaranteed.
W. i. THOMPSON,
Jeweler and Optician.
6 S. Main St. Phone 333.
ASSAULT AT LANES.
Itobbery Motive of Dastardly Crime?
Negro Wound* Aged Woman But
Gets No Money.
Lanes, Oct. 26.?At an early hour
tonight, about 8 o'clock, an unknown
negro entered the house of Mrs. Mea
eham, a widow woman, white, aged
about 60 and attacked her with a
stick, striking her. Mrs. Meacham
screamed and managed to get the
stick from the man's hand and the
latter becoming frightened ran off.
The sheriff of Williamsburg county is
scouring the country for the criminal.
Mrs. Meacham, whose home is close
to the town, had received some rent
money within the last few days and
robbery is supposed to have been the
motive of the attack.
Three or four stitches were requir?
ed to close the wound on Mrs. Mea
It is said that this year's cranberry
crop will be the largest on record.
This will be good news to all but the
turkeys.?New York Mail.
Ex-Governor Glenn, of North Car?
olina, is up in New Jersey, trying to
abolish the 11,000 saloons of that
State. They don't even close the New
Jersey saloons on Sunday. The pros?
pect for week-day closing is there?
fore unattractive?Spartanburg Jour?
For Infants and Children,
Thi Kind Yon Han Always tagH
tound by those who have
a thorough test is for sweet?
ness of tone, and its general
make-up is entitled to all
praises and "nice sayings"
that have been bestowed up?
on it in the past. Are You
one of the jury ? If not, we
will be delighted to send you
a'little information that will
interest you, "on terms and
Chas. M. Stieff,
Manufacturer of the
Artistic Stieff, Shaw, and
Stieff Self-player Pianos.
5 West Trade St.
Charlotte, - N. C.
C. H. WILMOTII, Manager.
(Mention this paper.)
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drawing orpnoto.for expert search and free report. I
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jnlckly ascertain our opinion freawhether an
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