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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 30, 1909, Image 7',
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KIMM COTTON MARKET.
MANY MILLS IN PIEDMONT TO
CLOSE ONE DAY IN WEEK.
Price of Cotton In Relation to Price of
Cloth the Cause?Leuceiiter Mills
On Full Time.
Greenville. Oct. 25.?The leading
cotton mills In what Is known as the
Greenville- Anderson-Greenwood mill
district are finding It as a rule impos?
sible to make cloth at coat on the
present cotton market and have de?
cided to curtail their productions one
day week beginning this week.
Mills that have been In operation
years and longer and that have never
before curtailed their production have
agreed to stop one day each week.
The mills so agreeing will aggregate
about 1.000.000 spindles and some 25,
000 looms, and consume annually
about 100,000 bales of cotton.
An the mills In Greenville will be
closed on Thursday of this week and
the mills of Anderson will be closed
on Friday and Saturday of this week
Experienced manufacturers say that
they have never before been con?
fronted with so serious a problem as
that which faces them In reference to
the cotton mill industry. \
Closing In Union.
Union. 9. C. Oct 15.?Nine cotton
mills In this county, representing 300,
000 spindles and 8.000 looms, employ?
ing 5.000 operatives and consuming
annually mere than 80.000 bales of
cotton, will close down. It was an?
nounced today, for one week or more.
The mill representatives say that 'he
present price of cotton goods is not
hasping pace with the advance of raw
cotton, the cotton mills In Anderson
and vicinity will only opearte five days
It was not announced how long this
curtailment would be In force.
No Stopping in Lancaster.
Lancaster, Oct. 25.?While mills In
Spartanburg and elsewhere are clos?
ing down It is worthy of note that the
Lancaster mills, of which Col. Leroy
Springs Is president, are running on
full time and expect to continue to do
so. regardless of the price of cotton
or of cotton goods.
Rock HUM Won't Curtail.
Rock Hill. Oct. 15.?Notwithstand?
ing the order from the boafd of gov?
ernors of the Manufacturers' associa?
tion oaUing for the closing down for
30 days of all the mills in North and
South Carolina, all the cotton mills In
Reek HIU will contlne to run, and all
of them on full time. Your oorres-1
pendent Interviewed this morning the
managers of the Manchester, Arcade.
Aragon. Carhartt. Wymojo. Victoria,
and Highland Park mills and found
all these mills to have big orders on
hand with a good supply of cotton In
their warehouses, and they, one and
all, said that they could not close
down, not even partially. Indeed,
two of the mills will begin on Man
day next to run a double ahift.
This, too, In the l tee of the fact
that cotton was selling on the street
here today at 14 oents, with cotton?
seed at 44 cents per bushel.
In New England.
Boston. Oot 25.?The officials of
the Arkwrtght club reported today
that cotton manufacturers in New
England representing several million
spindles have expressed their inten?
tion of following the club's sugges?
tions'Xj?r a curtailment of 224 hours
betwe\a November 1 and August
While some of the mills may not
t. irtall unless there la general action
by a large majority many other mills
will -loss their factories regardless of
what ?ctlon others may take. ^ It is
said assurances have been received
from mills In New York State that
they will follow the New England
mills. If the other mills represented
In the Arkwrtght club Join in the
movement, between 8,000,000 and 10,
000,000 splndUM will be affected.
?Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has
become famous for Its cures of
coughs, colds, croup and influenza.
Try It when in need. It contains no
harmful substarce and always gives
prompt relief. Sold by W. W. Sl
Liberty at Any Cost.
My little cousin, George, had a very
bad habit of running away. He had
been punished many times for this,
but It seemed to do no good. One day
hla mother, being very provoked at
him, said. "Well, vhat shall I do with
you?give you a whipping or put you
Little George waited a minute and
then said. "I guess I'll take the whip?
ping and go play."
?It la in time of sudden mishap or
accident that Chamberlain's Liniment
can be relied upon to take the place
of the family doctor, who cannot al?
ways be found at ths moment. Then
It Is that Chamberlain's Liniment Is
never found wsntlng. In cases of
sprains, cuts, wounds and bruises
Chamberlain's Liniment takes out the
soreness and drives away the pain.
Sold by W W. Slbert.
COTTON BLIGHT DAMAGE!.
Col. Watson Htantto by Prof. Barrel
Columbia, Oct. 25.?Discussing the
article sent over the "A. P." wires that
the reports of the loss by the disease
anthraenose are exaggerated, Com?
missioner Watson stated today that
he believed the expert at Washington
whose opinion was given, was mistak?
en In his facts. The commissioner
stated that Mr. H. W. Barre who
made the report to his office on the
loss to the crops annually has made
a two years' study of the subject and
should be in touch with the situation.
"I believe," said Col. Watson, "that if
they send a man down here to make a
study of the havoc that is being play?
ed by the disease they will find that
Mr. Harre h statements will be sub?
The Interest in the matter to the
department of agriculture in this State
is the fact that Mr. Barre has traced
the fungus to the seed, and the effort
will be mado by the department to
keep out of the State all Infected seed
and to keep down as far as possible
the sale in this State of seed so dis?
eased. This Is in line with the move?
ment to have the legislature pass laws
to prevent the bringing into South
Carolina of diseased plants, seeds or
any form of manufactured stuff that
is not in good condition.
The statement from Washington
published today indicates that the loss
has been exaggerated, but the report
of Mr. Barre that goes very fully into
the matter, is to the effect that the
loss In South Carolina to the cotton
crop from anthraenose, is from $4,
000,000 to $5,000.000 annually.
(From the Richmond, Va., Tlmes-Dis
Curious studies la the workings of
prohibition are cropping up in the so
called "dry" States of the South.
Chattanooga, in "dry" Tennessee, is
distilling and selling liquor under the
authority of the law, only it does not
make any sales to Tennesseeans. The
Tennessee law does not forbid the
manufacture of liquors, hut only their
sale within four miles of a school
house, and to Interfere with Chatta?
nooga's export business would be to
collide with the Interstate Commerce
law. Georgia, Tennessee's neighbor,
can neither make nor sell liquor, but
cf.n buy It. Tennessee can make and
sell k to outsiders; so we have Ten?
nessee shipping Oeorgia all the drink
Hit latter State cares to order. This
c. ndi?on must be puzzling and unset?
tling to plain Georgians who know,
roughly, that buying liquor is against
the law, yet see it bought In quantities
all around them. Nor can It be at
all a good thing for the law. "The
only question." says the Atlanta Con?
stitution, "la to what extent, if at all,
the aggregate consumption has been
In Atlanta, an antiprohibition city,
the "dry*" law is interpreted "liberal?
ly." Savannah's open flouting of the
l*.w became a State scandal last
spring. There was no pretense of
obeying It, and the city's defiance was
a. one time so notorious that it drew
from the Governor a threat to use the
militia. Memphis, according to oc?
casional reports, Is consuming very
considerable quantites of liquor. The
same thing is true, In greater or less
degree, in all the larger cities of Ten?
nessee and Georgia. An Inevitable
but Interesting development Is seen
In the fact that municipal elections
are taking on the complexion of sec?
ondary "wet-or-dry" contests. That
is to say, the real questions underly?
ing them comes to be simply enforce?
ment or nonenforcement of the law.
In Nashville some days ago such an
election was held and the nonenforc
ers won. In Macon, more recently
still, such an election was held and
again the nonenforcers won. There
are being evolvled, in fact, nine and
sixty ways of "interpreting" what pro?
hibition means. Looking about over
the situation in Georgia and Tennes?
see, the Atlanta Constitution in the
article quoted above is moved to ask:
"Is It coming to a sort of piebald
and extra-legal local option, each
community construing the mandate of
the State to accord with its own senti?
ment and every judge and Jury, set?
ting up separate and differing Inter?
pretations or nonlnterpretatlons of
"Piebald local option" Is a new
phrase to describe a very old propo?
sition. The proposition Is the exceed?
ingly familiar one that no law can be
enforced over the community senti?
ment of a majority of the people af?
fected by it. In the case ot prohibi?
tion the result of trying It is usually
a small diminution in the consump?
tion of liquor, the benetlts from which
are more than offset by the demoral?
izing and anarchistic conditions under
which it is purveyed.
?Your coufch annoys you. Keep on
hacking and tearing the delicate
membranes of your throat If you want
to be annoyed. But if you want re?
proach of the disease. If Chamber?
lain's Cough Remedy is given at once
or even after the croupy cough has
appeared, It will prevent the attack
Contains no poison. Sold by W. W
An Indictment and a Remedy.
There never has been any question
In the minds of those who have ob?
served public men that Mr. James J.
Hill Is not only a great railway ope?
rator but Is also a forceful writer, and
while his utterances sometimes have
taken on the appearance of undue
pessimism, there was usually the feel?
ing that there was much truth in his
statements, whatever they were and
however distasteful they were to nat?
ional self-esteem. In an article in the
current World's Work, Mr. Hill re?
turns to a favorite subject of his, the
question of agricultural progress, and
writes an article that will repay read?
ing, and if heeded will do much to
help along the gospel of consevation
of national agricultural resources.
Mr. Hill's article Is at once a na?
tional indictment and an exhortation
to repentance and reform, and fortu?
nately for his views of the wasteful
character of American agriculture of
the present day. the course of econo?
mic events is with him in his agita?
tion for reform. In other words, It
will pay the American farmer to heed
the warnings given because he
can profit financially thereby.
In fact, it may be said that the Amer?
ican farmer has not been wasteful,
extravagant and shiftless entirely from
choice. His early environment lent
itself to lack of care, and the prices
paid f< r his products often led to rob?
bing the soil to make both ends meet.
If the present high level of prices
lasts this latter policy will not be
necessary, because there will be profit
in the farmer or his successors doing
things right instead of as in the past
doing them rapidly.
Mr. Hill's ind.^tment of the Ameri?
can system of farming, which has
skimmed the cream from the. fertile
acres and virgin soil of a score of the
States of the Union, is powerfully aid?
ed by a series of pictures which im?
press eye and mind where mere let?
terpress would fail of its object. The
contrast in appearance of an Ameri?
can and a German wheat field, the
first with a yield of fourteen and the
latter with an output of twenty-eight
bushels per acre, does not need long
columns of writing to explain. Nor
does the picture of harvesting wheat
on the American plan which allows
of the cultivation of large areas with?
out, however, onriching the soil, need
words to point a moral. In his In?
dictment ol American methods, Mr.
Hill points out that this country has
for years unduly assisted manufac?
ture, commerce and the activities that
centre in the cities, shutting its eyes
to the fact that the farm is the basis of
all industry, and that a prosperous
agricultural industry Is to a nation
what good digestion is to a man. The
result is a decline in agriculture, neg?
lect, and. in many sections, decay.
And the agriculturist has himself aid?
ed in the work of sapping his own
strength. He has spent all his ener?
gies in the direction of taking things
off and out of the land and putting
little or nothing back. Reading Mr.
Hill's article, one is naturally forcibly
reminded of t 9 old-time boastt'ulness
of the American who proclaimed that
America was the granary of the
world; that we need not go to war
with foreigners; we need simply re?
fuse to feed them, and similar light
and airy remarks. It is probably well
for the country that this sort of talk
and ideas shall be dissipated, and that
the country be taught that our cheap
wheat and corn and meal leaving the
country have left the country's soil
poorer for it.
At the same time, Mr. Hill, unlike
those who "praise all centuries but
this, and every country but their
own," points out that other nations
have their defects. He has a speak?
ing picture of a harvest scene in
France, a contrast with the American
scene, in which he shows that while
the land is utilized in that country la?
bor is wasted, reversing the American
plan of saving labor and impoverish?
ing the soil. I
As already Intimated, his article is
not entirely an indictment. He points
out the way for rejuvenating exhaust?
ed soils and restoring fertility, many
of them not new, it is true, but cer?
tainly losing nothing by Mr. Hill's
telling them. He believes in the
small, well-kept, intensely cultivated
farm, and cites the wealth of France
as an example of a prosperous, con?
tented and successful agricultural In?
terest. Reform of the land laws Is
Imperative if the remnant of the pub?
lic domain is to be conserved. The
tide of population away from the
farm must be reversed. A farm school
?a practical working farm, not a
mere institution for book learning?
should be established for the educa,
jiu*?- of the now existing farmer In ev?
ery farming country, and he would
use the prloe of one battleship yearly
to equip 1,000 ilich agricultural
schools. The emergency, he says, Is
for thli generatlon? not the next, and
we cannol wait for the future popula?
tion to pass through the existing agri?
cultural colleges. Mr. Hill takes the
ground that the advance in the prices
of food commodities 1? permanent,
and he says that this country can du?
plicate the experience of England and
double Its yield per acre, for Instance,
of wheat Finally, he lays stress on
the necessity for the establishment of
what may be called the more evenly
balanced farm where cattle, sheep and
hogs shall be raised, as well as ce?
reals; where the produce of the soil
shall be returned as largely as pos?
sible to the soil in the shape of man?
ure, and where crop rotation shall be
practiced intelligently and profitably.
By this means, he says, the present
product of $8,000,000,000 can be made
$16,000,000,000, and this diversified
farming can be made not only profit?
able but attractive.
IS CHURCH ATTENDANCE DE?
Although Statitlcs May Be Unsatisfac?
tory, Figures Often Given a Wrong
The assertion that church atten?
dance has fallen off to an alarming
degree is not merely made, but as?
sumed as a matter of fact, without
argument or evidence, says Edward
Tallmadge Root in The Delineator for
November. When figures are given,
a little examination often shows that
they are inconclusive because only
partial in place, time or details,
Nevertheless the decline is assumed
and its causes gravely asked and
It is to be admitted, at the start,
that church attendance today is not
satisfactory to those who loyally be?
lieve in the church and its mission.
There is no need of multiplying statis?
tics. One illustration may suffice.
According to a census of church-go?
ing In the upper section of Manhat?
tan, New York City, November 15,
1904, with a population of 438,165,
only 17.60 per cent, were at church,
7.20 being Protestant and 10.40 Cath?
olic. But even this means that reli?
gion attracts more than any other hu?
man interests. It is not fair to con?
trast it with all other concerns com?
bined, sheer weariness and laziness
included. What other human interest
can move 77,000 out of a population
of 435,000, to dress, and take at
least two hours of their time, and pay
an average of twenty-five to fifty
cents, and that not occasionally but
regularly every Sunday? If the
church is not satisfied, it is because
its ideal is so high?because, accord
ding to its great commission, it can
never rest until it is proclaiming its
glad tidings to every creature!
But even so, the church should
ask: What ratio of attendance to
population is it reasonable to expect?
The entire population, as given by the
census, Includes infants, Invalida and
others incapable of attendance. Of
the remainder, not all are at liberty
or leisure at the same hour or on the
same day. In our increasingly com?
plex civilization, the nur ber of oc?
cupations which can not be complete?
ly suspended at any hour must in?
crease. What percentage ought to be
In a canvass by the Boston City
Missionary Society, out of 4,785 in?
dividuals 1,900, or approximately two
fifths, were detained from church for
good reasons. With this agree the
most careful estimates. Not more
than sixty per cent, of the population
could assemble for worship at any one
Making all these allowances, how?
ever, it is evident that the impression
that church attendance is unsatisfac
tor**-is justified by statistics available.
Instead of the possible 60 per cent,
only 17.6 per cent, were found In the
churches of upper Manhattan. Seven
years earlier, Dr. Waldron found on?
ly 27.4 per cent, of the Protestant
population of Boston at worship. The
unchurched population of New York,
according to the City Federation of
Churches, in 1905, was 1,071,981,
while members and non-communi?
cant attendants were respectively
337,289 and 485,934, or, In percent?
age of the whole population, 26.7
against 20.5 for the two classes of ad?
But the fact that the hold of the
churches upon the population today
is unsatisfactory does not necessarily
mean that it has declined. Here is
where the mistake is so often made.
People jump at the conclusion that so
deplorable a situation is a new thing
and a proof of deterioration. This
does not follow.
?Hoarseness in a child subject to
croup is a sure indication ot. the ap
lief, want to be cured, take Chamber?
lain's Cough Remedy. Sold by W. W.
The Way of Mothers.
A little Texas girl was watching a
very awkward hen with her first
brood. She trod on them and knock?
ed them over every step she took. The
little tot came running in and said.
j "O mother! just come and look at
this mean old hen. I would not have
such a mother."
She stood very still for a moment,
and then with the merriest twinkle In
her eyes, said, "Maybe that is the way
she spanks them."?The Delineator
! for November.
?The pleasant purgative effect ex?
perienced by all who use Chamber?
lain's Stomach and Liver Tablets, and
the healthy condition of the body and
mind which they create, makes one
feel Joyful. Sold by W. W. Sibert.
UPTON COMT2S TO CHALLENGE.
Says He is "Hod Hot" for Another
Race for the American Cup, Upon
New York, Oct. 25.?"I have come
over this time red hot for another
challenge to the New York Yacht
club, and will do my best to arrange
matters with the club so that I can
have another chance to lift the Amer?
So spoke Sir Thomas Llpton today
on his arrival here from Europe. He
will be in New York for several days.
"I do not care to talk more defi?
nitely," Sir Thomas said, "until I
have seen the yacht club committee
who will have this matter in charge."
It is believed thr.t Sir Thomas has
brought with him a challenge condi?
tioned upon modification of the rules
governing contests for the America's
Gen. O. O. Howard Dead.
Burlington, Vt., Oct. 26.?Gen. Oli?
ver O. Howard, last of the Union
commanders of the civil war, died at
his home in this city tonight. Heart
disease was the cause of the noted
soldier's death. He was 79 years old.
FLORENCE, S. C.
The President is to visit Florence
the evening of November 8, and ad?
dress the people of that city and sec?
tion of the State. For this auspicious
occasion and the
PEE DEE INDUSTRIAL CONGRESS
which convenes in Florence, No?
vember 8 and 9, the Atlantic Coast
Line will sell round trip tickets at
very low rates from Wadesboro, Bsn
nettsville, Rowland, Chadbourn, Lanes,
Sumter, Clio and Intermediate sta?
Tickets will be on sale November 7
and 8, limited to return on or before
November 10, 1909.
Kates, schedules, tickets and any
desired information can be procured
from M. F. Duke, Ticket Agent, Sum?
ter, or by addressing the undersign
W. J. CRAIG, T. C. WHITE,
Pas. Traffic Mgr. Gen. Pas. Agt.
I WILMINGTON, ^N. C.
Augusta, Ga., Ncveinber 6-15, 10ee\
The Atlantic Coast Line announce*
very low excurson rates to Augusta,
for the above occasion and for tha
The President is scheduled to reaea)
Augusta, Saturday e.cnini November
6, spend Sundiy there and meet aael
address the people of South Caroline*
and Georgia on Monday, November tw
Another great event during the Fair
will be the Football Game between,
the Clemson College and University et7
Georgia teams on November 10; and
still another will be Childrens' Day*
Round trip tickets will be sold from
Savannah, Charleston, Congaree, Flor?
ence, Darlington, Camden, and inter?
mediate points, Nov. 6 to 12, limit,
to leave Augusta not later than raieV
night of November 15th, 1909
For tickets, rates, schedules and
any desired information, call on M. F.
Duke, Ticket Ager.t, Sumter or any
Agent of the Atlantic Coast Line, or
W. J. CRAIG, T. C. WHITE,
Pas. Traffic Mgr. Gen. Pas. Ag*.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
Most appropriate, most ap?
preciated, are shown here ia
all their surpassing beauty.
Our Cut Glass display is a
worthy one?inclusive, ex?
Rings?unique in designs,
gem combinations tastefur
and handsome, and all quali?
ties ARE what they are re?
Then Hand Decorated
China makes a dainty re?
membrance. We show ef?
fects a little out of the ordi?
We can interest you in gifts
at very moderate prices.
W. A. Thompson,
Jeweler and Optician.
II S. Main Street ? Sumter. S. CL
Takes form in action ; repeated actions become
habits,?The Cash Habit, If acquired now,
will make easy the rainy day when it comes.
Start a bank account with us now and get the
First National Bank, sunter,
Describes a Savings Bank as a place where you
can deposit money to day and draw it out to?
morrow by giving a week's notice.
We don't ordinarily require any notice for
the withdrawal of funds in this department, as
experience shows that money put there usual?
ly stays in till it is really needed, and then
goes to'fill a ntcbc. If you are not a "Savings
Hank habk" man you had better become one.
We can help you.
?2 Bank of Sumter.
Feed Cyphers Foods to your chickens. Makes
trem lay ; gives them health.
Phone or write us tor
ANTISEPTIC NEST EGGS,
WATER FOUNTS. BEEF SCRAP.
If you are thinking about an INCUBATOR?
Lay aside any ideas you may entertain.
Buy a CYPHERS and be satisfied.
A. A. Strauss & Co.
25 N. Main Street.