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5H)t JOlittbimm anb Southron.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1909.
The Sum tor Watchman was found
?I Hi ls&O and the True Southron In
Uri>. The Watchman and Southron
aevr hu the combined circulation and
* Irniuence of both of the old papers,
and u manifestly the beet advertising
medium In Ifuinter.
(Vd. Felder and associates In the
OJap ns*r* Inveetlgatlon have been
ana?t Inconsiderate, If not actually
rede and boorish. In delving Into
atrVtly personal and private matters.
??? h as rebate*, commissions and
.graft ef ene sort and another.
? ? ?
A C. C. * O.. celebration In Sumter
**J a bigger soale than that so suecess
feHy faeld ia Spartanburg last week
wetit) look rood to Sumter. Lets get
the C\. 0* 4 O. to come this way.
e ? e
The Cook-Peary North Pole contro
veraary will aeetn like a S o'clock tea
%m comparison with the row over the
discovery and treatment of the hook
warm dU*W> that threatens to break
wet between various and sundry doc?
tor* wise are eager for notoriety and
Rachefewer's dollars. The position
mt h'vWi worm expert on the payroll of
ihe fiecfceteliee commission will prob
?sty ha hath luoerattve and produc?
tive ef a large amount of strictly ethi?
cal advertising, therefore, the sc ram
Me to She notice of having been
anteag Chute who first saw the worm
and get en to the secret of trapping
the varment with thymol and epeom
? ? e
The Sea hoard Air Line has made a
e*arv*T from Oreat Falle to Lugoff on
?he er>st side of the Wateree river, but
?at being entirely satisfied with the
reeJe smother survey is now being
anaec on the east side of the river
from Caouden to Groat Falls. It la
reavwted that the projected railroad,
far which the Seaboard is having
Use Mirveys made, is to be a part of
the <\. C. ft O. route to Charleston. If
the road la built to Li gon* and thence
to I harleiiton there will be no chance
of sumtei finding a place In the pic
tar* hut if It la built on the east aids
of ihr river te Camden and thence to
Chatfeeton. Sumter will stand an ex?
cel* ?nt chance of having the road pass
through ihe city. It la a prize worth
working for and we feel confident the
Chamber ef Commerce will keep In
eteae touch with the situation and ev?
erything necessary at the proper time
te Win* S*mt?r to the attention of the
ft O. official*
1 .1-. . 1 1 1
Mary Duckett. a negro woma l who
aarv dv? came to Sumter with an "Old
Ptafttitaon" show made a bold but uu
eucccaafal attempt to rob Mr. J. R.
Liga*?** realdence Friday afternoon
a be*1 dark. She sneaked into the
hou.c end was rapidly collecting a lot
af clothing and other articles, when
Mrs l?ton, who had been informed
that a suspicious looking woman had
heee eeen to enter the house in a
eteeuhy manner, entered the room
and called the woman to account.
Mary dropped everything and tied, but
the alarm was given and she was pur?
sue* and captured by Mr. Hatch ell.
She It is been committed to Jail by Re
coro -i Hurst for trial at the next term
of tfteJVt on the charge of entering a
heut*- with Intent to steal.
T*e directors of the Y. M. C. A. are
werVtag (juietly. now awaiting a defi?
nite >posltlon with which to ap?
pro** h the business men of Sumter.
A Cure for Insomnia.
Tentcrday a friend who had heard
that I sometimes suffered from insom?
nia I l<f me of a sure cure. "Eat a
qua; t of peanuts and drink two or
thre ) rfla?*es of milk before going o
be* " nald he, "and I'll warrant you'll
be ? >p nn Ithin hall mi hour."
I del ?h h. suggested, and now. fe-r
the betted! nf etharl who may be af?
flict; ? wiih Insomnia. I feel it tobe my
dut> < ? report what happened, so far
aw I ?oi i?>|c this morning t<> recall the
det*? First let me say my friend
was right 1 did go to sl^ep very soon
aft*" my retirement. Then a friend
will Iiis head nn.b r h < arm came
along end asked me If I Wanted to buy
bis f "L I was negotiating with him,
wt t???. dragon on which 1 was rld
Ina tUipped out of his skin and left m<
fllaatirf In mid-air While I was eon
i?td?Ming how to get down, a bull Nvltr
t* i heads peer-- i r th?- i-dg?? of tb?
weH and said he would haul me up I
I would ttrst ( limb up and rig a wind
la>* for him.
K.i. *a I was sliding down the moun
elde. tb in ikeman came in, and
ask-(I him NNtn ri the train would react
my *tat mi "We psssnl your *tutloi
four hu idred and fifty years ago,' *h<
aald. ca inly folding up the train ant
slipping it into his vest pocket.
At thl* Juncture the clown boundei
Into the ring and pulled the centn
pol? awl of the ground, lifting the ten
and %ll the people in It up. while I
stood on the earth below watchlm
myself go out of sight among th<
Then I awoke and found that I had
been asleep almost ten minutes.?
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. \Y. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special natures.
The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
MayeavlUe, R C.
Farmers' Union meets on Friday,
Nov. 11th. at Salem School House in?
stead of 2nd of Nov. as published in
Farmers' Union Sun. t
B. W. DABBS.
Intelligence of Tenant to Main Con?
That any tenant system is not fav?
orable to permanent soil improvement
and building up of a high-class rural
civilisation must be recognised by
any one who has given the matter
careful consideration. ?Ownership of
the land upon which one lives gives
greater interest in its permanent im?
provement. On the other hand., how?
ever, the history of English agricul?
ture, for Instance shows that good
farming and permanent soil improve?
ment are not Inconsistent with a ten?
In fact, the chief factor in determ-,
ining the results of any system of
land occupation is the intelligence of
the occupant. If the man who lives
on and cultivates the land ponsessos
a high decree of Intelligence, he sees
his chief hope of success and future
happiness in the permanent improve?
ment of the soil and a long term oc?
cupation of the land. With this long?
er tenure comes greater stability and
permanence of Interest and conse
, quently greater and more permanent
The evil effects resulting from tl?.
tenant ?ystom? of the South are not
*o much due to any particular <U foots
of any special system followed, at? In
the low degree of intelligence possess?
ed by the tenants and the Indifference
or Ignorance of the land owners as to
the necessity for maintaining soil fer
With a tenantry of intelligence and
sufficient financial means to equip
and run the farms, a system of cash
renting, for a term of years and with
proper restrictions as to the system of
cropping and selling the products
from the farm, is the most satisfac?
tory to both tenant and landlord; but
with Ignorant and poor colored or
white tenants this system is the most
disastrous of any of those in vogue
la the South. A larger per cent of
the tenants on our farms must be sup?
plied by the land owner or the mer?
chant, with all the equipment for the
cultivation of the land and also with
supplies to feed themselves and fam?
ines. By supplying these at high
prices many land owners succeed in
making money, but they are equally
successful in keeping their tenants and
their lands poor, and In the end this
can not be to the best interest of the
land owner or the country at large.
The system of renting which Will
result In the land owners exercising
the largest measure of control over
tne farm management will be found
most satisfactory. In fact, the gen
oral popularity of share renting, in
many parts of the South, has already
proved that such a system is the most
satisfactory. The landlord who fur?
nishes the entire farm equipment for
a share of the crops can and does ex?
ercise more control over a tenant
who furnishes only the human labor
required on the farm.
Rent for a Term of Yo
The Interests ?>f the inud
the tenant ai<? Identical u
rental period id tor only one year.
Longer tenures are alike favorable to
both land owner and renter. It makes
DO difference whether the lands are
rented for a certain share of the
crops grown or for a definite
consideration, the longer the ten?
ure the better for the tenant as
well as the owner. We Rittst not 1"-'"
sight of the fact that the tenant as
well as the landlord is interested in
increasing the fertility of the land and
only by longer rental periods can the
tenant hope to do this and reap his
It is not surprising that in the past
land owners who have rented their
lands have given little or no attention
to the forming of the rental contracts
that would maintain soil fertility; f>r
not even the land owners who have
farmed their own lands have given
adequate attention to this matter.
The advent of the boll weevil makes
the growing of additional crops doubly
important, and right now is, there?
fore, an opportune time to Introduce
a system of renting which will exer?
cise a greater control over the crops
to be grown and the manner of their
cultivation. The increased returns
from tenants during the next few
years, at least, may well be counted
In the increased fertility of the land
which a better system of farming will
bring. The landlord who seeks great?
er returns from his rented lands at
the expense of the future producing
powers of this land Is pursuing a mis?
taken policy. Likewise the tenant
who seeks to extract all from the land
this year with a view to moving 10
ether lands next yar is courting dis?
aster. t As a fact, however, the tenant
is generally earelees of such facts.
He neither cares or thinks of the fu?
ture and the control of the matter is.
therefore, largely in the hands of the
: landlord. The trouble has been that
he, too, was too bu3y or thought It too
much trouble to give attention to his
lands which would entitle him to
Curtailment No Bluff.
It is noteworthy that the recent res?
olutions, passed by the Board of Gov?
ernors of the American Cotton Manu?
facturers* Association and the execu
tive committees of the various state
associations, did not demand a reduc?
tion In the price of cotton, but called
for an advance in the price of cotton
goods and yarns.
In view of that fact the recent ut?
terance of President Barrett of the
Farmers' Union, and the editorials in
Harvey Jordan's paper, the Cotion
Journal, of Atlanta, are in bad taste
and show a surprising lack of grasp
of the situation.
The cotton manufacturers o# the
South are interested in the develop
men? an* - if ? ? th 9 1
..._. ......v uUici ''.'JLt-V**
ments the value of which depends to
some extent at least upon the price of
It Is also noteworthy that no jour
nal of the Southern cotton manufac?
turing industry has ever advocated a
low price for cotton.
The curtailment is no bluff, and IhO
object of this curtailment is not to
lower the price of cotton.
The mills can not get orders that
will show a profit today and they ran
not afford to make goods out of 14
cent cotton and risk enormous lossei
should cotton decline Which is by no
means an Impossibility.
If President Barrett and Editor
Reed, of the Cotton Journal, w ill take
a broad view of the situation and lend
their efforts towards boosting cotton
goods, instead of maligning the cotton
manufacturers, they will, in the end.
accomplish a great deal more for the
Estimating this crop at 12.000.000
bales it will, including the seed, sell
: at present prices for one billion dol ?
At ten cents per pound it would *
have sold for $700,000,000 and the j
South Is therefore, by reason of the J
advance, receiving an extra $300,000,
About $130.000,000 of this extra
$300,000,000 goes to the farmers of
North Carolina, South Carolina and
Georgia, which are the three great
manufacturing States of the South.
In spite of the vast sum which the
farmer is receiving for his cotton and
the unusual prolit on same, he is to?
day buying less cotton goods than
Every farmer knows, that he must}
have a certain amount of cotton goods
to run him through until next season,
and if he will make his purchases
now he will soon deplete the small
stocks in the hands of retailers.
The retailer must then call upon
the jobber for more supplies and the
jobber, who has been holding his
stocks down to the lowest possible
amount, will be forced to place or?
ders with the mills. Nothing can do
more to sustain the present price of
cotton than a general buying move?
ment by the Southern farmers.
There are in the South today 11.
300,000 spindles, the total value of
which is approximately $225,000,000.
The success of the textile industry
means also much to the South, and
curtailment means loss of wages to a
vast army of mill people.
The farmer is in the midst of pros?
perity, while the mills are in distress.
Both are linked together In the gen?
eral prosperity of the South and the I
farmer should show his willingness to
The cost of cotton to the manufac?
turer Is not the nominal cost for
there is a loss Of 1$ per cent, in man?
ufacturing, including bSJHffnj and
The average cotton mill v,ill pro?
duce only 85 pounds of goods out of
100 pounds of cotton, which will now
Dividing this $14.00 by 85 it is
seen that the cost of the cotton in a
Mrs. C. 8. Sagerser, Uli Woodland
?re.. Kann? City, Mo., writes:
?'I fed it a duty due to you and to
?them v?&t may be aflUeted Ilka my ?elf,
la speak for Peruaa.
"Mr trouble 9, rut came after la grippe
eight or Dine years ago, % gathering in
my k?4 matt nnmwmlgia. I Buffered 1
meet all the time. My bom, ears and
ayes were badly affected for the last two
years. I think from your description of
interosl eatarrh that I must hare had
that also. I suffered vary severely.
"Nothing ever relieved me like, Pe?
ru na. It keeps me from taking cold.
"With the exception ef some deaf
cess I am feeling perfectly cured. 1
am forty-six years old.
"I feel that words are Inadequate to
express my praise for Peruna."
Stomach Trouble Seven Years.
Mrs. T. Frech, B. R. 1, Hickory Point,
Term., writes: 4
"Having been afflicted with catarrh
lind stomach troublo for seven years,
and after haying tried four different
doctors they only relieved me for a little
while. I was induced to try Per uns,
And I sm now entirely well."
Man-a-lln an Ideal Laxative.
pound of goods is today 16 1-2 cents.
To this 16 1-2 cents the mills must
add the wages of the operatives, the
manufacturing expense and the cost
of selling before they can break even.
Few mills can find a profit on to- *
day's basis and enormous losses can
only be avoided by curtailment.
The farmer and the people of the
South have the purchasing power In
the shape of one billion dollars for
this cotton crop.
They can OOtiasntrate this purchas?
ing power now .?'id give the mills a
??uire of prosperity or they can.
gradually ai>d 'ot the spindles stand
idle? rexUta ?iai.ufacturer.
Tue dispensary was closed Friday
and there was no liquor on tap, ex?
cept the limited supply dispensed by
the hip-pocket blind tigers.
O'Donnell ? Co
"The Big Store That Fair Dealings Built."
Do You Need House Furnishings?
If you do pay us a visit to our recently enlarged house furnishing department, which occupies a good
space on our second floor. Here you will find a complete stock of Mattings, Rugs, Art Squares, Linoleum,
Lace Curtains, Portiers, Window Shades, Couch Covers, Door Mats, Etc., all at money saving prices
When you have any of the above items to buy, give us a call and let us show you. We will make the
time you take with us pay you well.
From the best that's made
down to ioc per yard.
That sell for $25 down to a
Square for S3.50.
Of all kinds. The best and
the cheapest. Priced as low
as 95 cents.
A line to bewilder you. As
cheap as 50 cents pair.
Door Matts?Wire, Roibber ao\d Creo.
CvirtaJri Poles and Rods.
All colors and qualities. You
need not spend more than
S2.75, unless you want our
Which include the Duplex
Two-color Shade, and then
down to 25c, if you wish.
LINOLEUM AND OIL CLOTH
All widths from 36 to 72 ins.
All prices too, up to Si.25
TABLE COVERS ANDC??CH COVERS
All the new designs. At
prices from S$.00 down.
Grass Malting in all the Shades. The Hevrd-wearing Floor Covering.
O'Donnell 6 Co.