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?FEILER GIVES MILLION.
M < > IO I KiHT THE HOOK
Head of Standard Oil. Anxious to Aid
Warm-hearted People of the South,
Who Have Been 111* Hosts, Pro?
vides PuimIm for Establishment of
Commission foe Eradication of So.
called "Ij?i/ Disease," Which Has
Made Such Inroads on Vitality of
This Section'* Rural Population?
Selects Edueatora and Medk-al Men
To Take Charge of Campaign.
New York. Oct. 38.?A gift of
COe.OOO by John D. Rockefeller to
fight the hookworm disease was an?
nounced at the office of the Standard
Oil Company here late today.
A doaen well known educators and
scientist*, selected largely from insti?
tutions of learning In the South, where
the parasite le prevalent, were called
in conference with Mr. Rockefeller's
representatives at the Standard Oil
Company's offices at 26 Broadway last
Tuesday and at that meeting Mr.
Rockefeller^ desire to organise a
commission to carry on a campaign
against the malady was discussed. At
a result of this discussion "the Rocke?
feller Commission for the Eradication
of the Hookworm Disease" was form?
ed. The members of this commission
Ss selected by Mr. Rockefeller Is as
Dr William H. Welch, professor of
pathology in Johns Hopkins universi?
ty; Dr. 8. P. Lexner, director of
Rockefeller Institute, for Medical Re?
search; Dr. Chas. W. Stiles, chief of
the division of seology. United Stater
public health and marine hospital
service, discoverer of the American
species of hookworm and the preva?
lence of the diseases in America; Dr.
E. A. Alderman, preiddent of the Uni?
versity of Virginia; Dr. Davis F.
Housman, chancellor of Washington
University. St Louis; Prof. P. P. Clax
ti-n, professor of education In the Uni?
versity of Tennessee; J. Y. Joyner.
State Superintendent of education In
North Carolina and president of the
National Educational Association; W.
*H Page, editor of The Worlds Work;
Dr. H. S. Frissell. principal Hampton
Institute; Frederick T. Gates, one of
Mr. Rockefeller's business managers;
Starr J. Murphy. Mr. Rockefeller's
counsel In benevolent matters; John
D. Rockefeller. Jr.
In calling these gentlemen together
for Tuesday's conference Mr. Rocke?
feller addressed to sack a letter point?
ing out his Interest In relieving the
human suffering caused by the hook?
worm parasite, especially because, he
said. It had been his pleasure to spend
a portion of each year among the
warm-hearted people of the South and
he welcomed the opoprtunlty to ex?
press appreciation of their many
kindnesses and hospitalities.
The members of the commission, In
framing a reply to Mr. Rockefeller's
offer of $1,000,000, said the proposi?
tion met with their heartiest approba?
Two millions of our ptople are
Infected with this parasite." they ad?
ded. "It Is by no means confined to
one class; it takes Its toll of suffering
and death from the intelligent and
well-to-do as well as from the lern
The correspondence In full was as
Mr. Rockefeller wrote to the con?
"New York. Oct. 21, 109.
"Osntlemen: For many months my
representatives have been Inquiring;
Into the nature and prevalence of
hookworm disease and considering
plant for mitigating Its evils. I have
delayed action In this matter only un?
til the facts as to the extent of the
disease could be verified and the ef?
fectiveness of its cure and prevention
"The wide distribution and the se?
rious effects of this malady, particu?
larly In the rural districts of our
Southern States, as pointed out by Dr.
Stiles, have now been confirmed by
independent observations of other dis?
tinguished Investigators and physi?
cians as well as by eduactors and pub?
lic men of the South.
"Knowing your Interest in all that
pertains to the wellbelng of your fel?
low-men and your acquaintance with
this subject, I have invited you to a
conference in the hope that it may
lead to the adoption of well consider-(
ed plans for a cooperative movement
of the medical profession, public
health officials, boards of trade,
churches, nchools. the presa and oth?
er agencies for the cure and prevent
tion of this dlaease.
" if you deem It wise to undertake
this commission, I shall be glud to be
permitted to work with you to that
end and you may call upon me from
time to time for such sums as may be
needed during the next five years for
carrying on an aggressive cumpaign
up to a total of $1.000,000.
? While It would be a privilege to
go in any movement which offers as?
surance of relieving human suffering.
It Is a peculiar pleasure to me to feel
that the principal activities of your
board will bs among the people of our
qthern State*. Ijt has been mv
pleasure cu ts spend a p
I each year in the South and 1 have
(MMN to know and to respect greatly
that part of our country and to enjoy
the society and friendship of many of
Its warm-hearti d people. It will
therefore be an added gratification to
me if in thffc way I may in some Hteae
ure express my appreciation of their
many kindnesses and hospitalities.
"John D Reckefeiler."
The reply, signed by all the mem?
bers of the commission, was as fol?
"New York, Oct. 26, 1909.
"Mr. John D. Rockel eller, New York
"Dear Sir: Your generous offer to
pay such sums as may be needed dur?
ing the next five yearn up to a total of
11,000,000, purely on a scientific and
popular campaign fo~ the eradicating
of hookworm idsease has our hearti?
est approbation and we accept your
invitation to administer this trust with
a keen appreciation of the opportuni?
ty that you give us to do a great pub?
"We have today taken steps for or?
ganization and incorporated for prac?
tical work and have named this board
'the Rockefeller Commission for the
Eradication of Hookworm Disease."
"The hookworm parasites often so
lower the vitality of those who are
affected as to retard their physical
and mental development, render them
more susceptible to other diseases,
make labor less efficient, and in the
sections where the malady is most
prevalent greatly increase the death
rate from consumption, pneumonia,
tyhpold fever and mi'.larla. It has been
shown that the lower vitality of mul?
titude* long attributed to malaria and
climate, and seriously affecting econo?
mic development, is, in fact, largely
due in some districts to this parasite.
"The disease is by no means con?
fined to any one class; It takes its toll
of suffering and death from the high?
ly Intelligent and well-to-do as well as
from the less unfortnuate. It is a con?
servative estimate that 2,000,000 of
our people are Infected by this para?
site. This disease is more common
and more serious in children of school
age than in other persons.
"Widespread and serious as the in?
fection is, there is a most encouraging
outlook. The disease can be easily
recognized, readily and effectively
treated, and by simple and;' proper
sanitary precautions successfully pre?
"The undertaking proposed by you
Is therefore not only full of promise
of great benefit but is emlently defi?
nite and practicable.
"We desire, individually as well as
collectively, to thank you for this op?
portunity to be of service to our fel?
low men; and we enter upon our task
with a deep sense of the responslbllty
laid upon us."
Earthquake In California.
Redding. Cal., Oct. 28.?A violent
earthquake shock was felt at 10:45
o'clock tonight Houses trembled and
sleepers were awakened.
It waa declared the shock lasted 10
seconds longer than the San Francisco
earthquake of 1906. The earth?
quake was felt at Chlco and as
far north as Orand Pass, Ore. No se?
rious damage was reported.
Mileage Test Csse.
Chsrleston, Oct. 28.?The case
brought by W. S. Schlrmer to test the
legality of the mileage I ook regula?
tions of the rallroed, requiring the
surrender of mileage and the secur?
ing of a ticket on which to travel, re?
sulted today In a mistrial in the court
of common pleas and the case Is no
nearer a solution than it has been all
along. It is understood that the 1ury
stood evenly divided on the question
of damages, and, unable to get a ver?
dict the plaintiff and others interest?
ed with him in breaking the regula?
tions of the railroads will have to try
again. If a verdict had been gotten,
it Is pretty certain anyhow that the
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Com?
pany would have appealed.
?Croup is most prevalent during the
dry cold weather of the early winter
months. Parents of young children
should be pfSpared for it. All that is
needed s a bottle of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy* Many mothers are
?ever without It In their homes and it
I.as never disappointed them. Sold by
W. W. Slbert.
A Painless Death.
A teacher In the faetory district of
a New Jersey town had been giving
the children enrneHt lectures upon the
poisonousness of dirt.
One morning a little girl raised her
hand excitedly and pointed to a boy
who seldom had clean hands.
"Teacher," she said, look quick!
Jimmies commltln' suicide! He's
suckln* his thumb."
NO ( ASK ON HPJCORD
?There Is no case on record of a
codgh or cold resulting in pneumonia
or consumption after Foley's Honey
and Tar has been taken, as It will stop
your cough and break up your cold
quickly. Refuse uny but the genuine
Pol r*i H' ? v ? ?,,"! t . In h ) How
package. Contains no opiatei en.] \*
Sule und sure dlb' rt'a Drui! 81
POLITICS IN EDGEFIELD
TOLLMAN, SMITH AND LEVER
M AK E SPKECII ES.
Tinman Remarks That He Can Not
Say That He Will be n Candidate
Edgefleld. Oct. 28.?Senator Smith
Congressman Lever and Senator Till
man, in the order named, spoke at the
fair grounds to a large audience here
Mr. Smith first made a strong plea
for an intelligent education, an edu?
cation that would go to the root of
matters and for a strict observance of
law. He declared that the farmers
held the point of vantage for correct?
ing the troubles from which they had
been so long suffering and could con?
trol the price of cotton by putting
brains into their business, especially
In the way of scientific farming. He
told of the burdensome tariff and how
he had In the senate tried to reduce
It, standing for the Democratic prin?
ciple of protection for revenue only.
He closed his eloquent remarks by
congratulating the county on having
so creditable a fair.
Congressman Lever was at his best
and made a ringing speech, full of
practical advice along the line of rais?
ing the necessities at home and
having cotton as a surplus crop. He
said that the "living" question was
hard. The farmers can control the
price of cotton in the future, and the
solution of the matter was for them
to produce everything at home that
was consumed in the making of cot?
Mr. Lever declared himself a friend
of Clemson College, but thought there
was a lack of real sympathy on its
part to the farmers of the State and
that it was not meeting their needs
as it should along the lines of scien?
Senator Tillman spoke with all his
old-time fire. He briefly reviewed his
political experience of the last 25
years and declared that he had given
his best brain to the service of the
State, that he had three more years to
serve in the senate and could not now
say that he would offer for reelection.
He defended Clemson and said that
the trustees were doing all in their
power to find one who could fill the
president's chair with satisfaction and
meet the different conditions and du?
ties demanded by the postion. He de?
clared that if it was obstructed by
other members of the board in carry?
ing ouk what he thought was for the
good of the college, he would then ap?
peal to the legislature. He defended
his position for voting to place a duty
on coal and raw iron, and said that
no one could question his Democracy.
He gave the editor of The State a rap
for criticising his recent votes on the
tariff. He called upon the farmers to
arrange for their own protection and
closed by complimenting the fair
managers on the splendid showing
The day has been a red-letter one
in Edgefleld's history.
The Wolrld Wants Strong Men.
What the world wants is men made
of the gritty material that Peary and
Cook are made of, the material which
comes up again and again and wrests
triumph from defeat, says Orison
Swett Marden In "Success Magazine."
Six times did Peary try to realize
his North Pole vision. How many
men are there in this country who
would have tried the seventh time?
Not one in thousands would have at?
tempted It even the second time.
Twice before had Cook tried to
reach the North Pole and once the
South Pole, but neither failure, suffer?
ing, nor the pleadings of friends Could
wean him from his North Pole vision.
A man who had the grit when a boy
to peddle milk and do all sorts of
things in order to earn money to
study medicine and become a doctor, a
man who had bulldog grit and a
dreamer's willingness to take chances,
could not easily be turned back. It is
ever the man who cannot be weaned
from his aim that makes history.
The real test of character is what a
man does after he falls. What will he
do next? What resources, what ins
ventiveness, will his failure arouse in
him? Will it discover new sources of
power, will it bring out reserves,
double his determination, or will it
There are varying degrees of persis?
tency. Some men sart out with great
zeal, but turn back at their first de?
feat, while failures only enhearten
others, call out their reserves, and
make them all the more Yesolute, de?
termined, to win. For some men ev?
ery defeat is a Waterloo, but there is
no Wuterloo for the man who has
clear grit, for the man who persists,
who never knows when he is beaten
Those who are bound to win never
think of defeat as final. They look
upon It as a mere slip. They get up
after each failure with new resolution,
more determination than ever to go
on until they win.
I ?Poley's Honey and Tar cures
[eougni qufokij strengthens the lungs
.?? i ?*>tpels <? Id . 'let y h m. luine In
a yell >w package, Blbert's Drug Store
LIVE WIRE INJURY FATAL.
Graduate of Clemson Moots Death ttt
Chester, Oct. 28.?The body of
Hugh C. Riser. 1908, graduate of
Clemaon College, who died at Great
Falls yesterday from the effects of in?
juries sustained by comiRg in contact
with a live wire in the transformer
house of the Southern Power Com?
pany, passed through Chester this
morning enroute to Whltmire for bu?
rial, accompanied by the father of
the deceased, G. C. Riser and several
friends. The young man who linger?
ed for several hours bore his suffering
heroically, and until the end came
showed himself anxious that his
mother be not informed of his terri?
ble Injuries, as he feared the shock
would be too great for her.
NURSES' CONVENTION ADJOURNS
Siimter Selected as the Next Place of
Meeting?Same Officers Elected.
Charleston, Oct 28.?After a suc?
cessful convention of the South Caro?
lina State Nurses' Association, which
began in this city on Wednesday af?
ternoon last, the convention adjourn?
ed sine die yesterday morning.
At the business meeting, which was
held yesterday morning in the chapel
of the Roper Hospital, the same offi?
cers were elected to serve for the en?
suring year. They are as follows:
President, Miss L. V. Jones, Charles?
ton; secretary, Miss Leila Davis, Sum
ter; treasurer,' Miss Agnes Coogan,
The association accepted the invita?
tion extended by the City of Sumter
to meet at that place next year. The
closing feature of the convention was
a lunch at the Y. M. C. A. yesterday
Woman?What Will She Re?
But in the last generation, a change
has come over the spirit of Eve's
dream. She is beginning to ask ques?
tions, questions about Adam, ques?
tions about herself. Is it necessary
because things have always been one
way that they must be forever so?
asks Inez Haynes Gillmore, in "Suc?
cess Magazine." Is there any reason
why Adam should always have the
open life and she the closed one?
Why does he continually beg her to
be an inspiration to him and yet con?
tinually withhold the chances of de?
velopment from her? Ought he to be
the final judge, anyway, in matters
that concern herself? And touching
this matter of so-called masculine vir?
tues?are they really Adam's sole
property? Is there after all any sex
in virtue or vice? Is Adam omnis?
cient? Has he not always patted her
on the head for the possession of
what was only negative virtue any?
way? Has he not always praised her
for the absence of vices that she has
never had any opportunity to devel
|Op? Adam tells that women are nat
| urally good because-well, because
I goodness is a womanly virtue. But in
I her secret heart Eve knows that she
is no more ."good" in that old sense,
or in any new sense, than Adam. In
fact, she is beginning to suspect that
it is a very subtle business finding out
what is "good" or "bad" anyway.
Suppose Eve should find that virtue
and vice, abstract qualities of all
kinds, are sexless? Suppose Eve
should come to the conclusion that
there is no sex in originality, inven?
tiveness, creative impulse, perception
of beauty? Suppose she should find
out that Adam maintains the mono?
poly of these star-qualities only be?
cause he lives in an Adam-managed
world? Suppose she were to find out
that circumstance, not sex, develops
them? Suppose it occurs to her to
compel similar circumstance for her
own growth? Suppose?
What was it the Man from Mars
said? "It will not surprise me when
she emerges from the vase, if she
turn out not a dwarf, but a genie."
?Young Gtrla AB| Victims
of headache, as well as older women,
but all get quick relief and prompt
cure from Dr. King's New Life Pills,
the world's best remedy for sick and
nervous headaches. They make pure
blood, and strong nerves and build up
your health. Try them, 25c at Sibert's
The negroes had a high-heel old
time at Taw Caw church last Sunday.
Several of the Manning coons came
away with bruised heads. We are told
that whiskey was openly sold near the
church and there were several rueu
ses, as a result. We are told that all
up and down the Santee river road
blind tigers are reaping a rich har?
vest. We hope there are no prohibi?
tionists engaged In the traffic, either
directly or indirectly. But If the re?
ports are true there is much liquor
being sold.?Manning Times.
?A Scalded Roy's Shrieks
horrified his grandmother, Mrs. Maria
Taylor, of Nebo, Ky., who writes that,
when all thought he would die, Buck
len's Arnica Salve wholly cured him.
Infulllable for burns, scalds, cuts,
corns, wounds, bruises. Cures fever
sort . bolts, skin eruptlona, chilblain*,
chap] >d hands, Boon routi Pils* 2 Si?
tu Sibert's Drug Btvre,
Mind Over Maller.
"Much may be done," said the
Acute Observer, "by an authoritative
voice. Xow. if a man says to a dog,
'Come here!' with a note of absolute
authority in his \oice, the dog comes
"Yes," said the Traveler, "I've no?
ticed it. And it is especially marked
in Oriental peoples. W hy, when I
was in Khalisandjharo, I heard a man
say, With that authoritative note in
his tone, 'Oh, King, live forever' nd
immediately the King lived forever."
?This is to certify that all druggists
are authorized to refund your money
if Foley's Honey and Tar fails to cure
your cough or cold. It stops the cough,
heals the lungs and prevents serious
results from a cold, prevents pneu?
monia and consumption. Contains no
opiates. The genuine is in a yellow
package. Refuse sub 'itutes. Sibert's
A CA HI)
During one of his presidential trips.
Mr. Cleveland, accompanied by Secre?
tary Olney, arrived at a town in a
hi avy storm, and they were driven
from the station with hailstones rat?
tling on the roof of their carriage, A
A brass band, undismayed by the
weather, bravely stuck to its post and
played the welcoming airs.
"That is the most realistic music I
have ever heard," remarked Mr.
"What are they playing?" asked the
Secretary of State.
" 'Hail to the Chief,' with real half
?Many school chib'ien suffer from
constipation, which is often the causa
of seeming stupidity a*, lessons. Chain?
let'ain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
a?-e an ideal medicin.? to give a chti?.
for they are mild and gentle in their
tfleet, and will cure even chronic cm
stination. ??' ?f
For <s*\p>1 Finnin uns,
V/1 kJClI V/ ? in the Following Sized Tracts
One Place-.-.-300 Acres.
One Place.-.?.-.? 76 Acres.
One Place-ic 5 Acres.
One Place..-.366 Acres.
One Place._183 Acres.
All of the above within six miles of Sumter on good
One Place.277 Acres, three miles from Wedgefield
Two Places_100 Acres each, near Privateer, S. C.
Three Places.40 Acres jeach, near Privateer, S. C
All at prices that are right. For particulars, see
SUMTER REAL ESTATE & INSURANGE CO.,
Sumter, - South Carolina
Takes form in action ; repeated actions become
habits,?The Cash Habit, If acquired now
will make easy the rainy day when it comes.
Start a bank account with us now and get the
First National Bank, sumter
Describes a Savings Bank as a place where you
can deposit money to-day and draw it out to?
morrow by giving a week's notice.
We don't ordinarily require any notice for
the withdrawal of funds in this department, as
experience shows that money put there usual?
ly stays in till it is really needed, and then
goes to fill a niche. If you are not a "Savings
Hank Habit" man you had better become one.
We can help you.
fig Bank of Sumter.
Feed Cyphers Foods to your chickens. Makes
them lay ; gives them health.
Phone or write us tor
ANTISEPTIC NFST EGGS,
WATER FOUNTS, BEEF SCRAP.
If you are thinking about an INCUBATOR?
Lay aside any ideas you may entertain.
Buy a CYPHERS and be satisfied.
A. A. Strauss & Co.
jg xt Street.